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[ 3 1833 01740 4713 






Published Quarterly by 





Richmond, Va. 
No. 707 East Franklin St. 
Reprinted with the permission of the original publisher 
New York 




Editor of the Magazine, 

Reprinted in U.S.A. 


Reviews and Notices 106, 223, 333, 437 

Byrd, William, First, Letters of_ 17, 124, 247, 388 

Council and General Court Minutes 1622-29 1, 113, 235, 350 

Genealogy: Gorsuch and Lovelace. 89, 207, 325, 421 

Johnson 103, 203 

Lilburn-Randolph- Jeff erson. 321 

Washington _ _ 417 

Historical and Genealogical Notes & Queries ._81, 201, 309, 405 

Illustrations: Beverstorie Castle__ 200a 

Jones Papers 70, 162, 283 

Orange County Marriages, A List of__ _ 190, 297, 401 

Preston Papers 363 

Roll of Honor, Virginians Who have Died in the War 225, 337 

Virginia in 1681-82 41, 135, 260, 393 

Virginia State Auditor's Office, Papers from 49, 151 

Virginia Gleanings in England. By Lothrop Withington and 

Leo Culleton 32, 145, 267, 380 

Virginia State Troops in the Revolution 58, 182, 290, 397 

WsLt Notes— 309, 311, 405 

Virginia Historical Society Collections 303 

Virginia Historical Society, Officers and Members, January 1918. January 

Virginia Historical Society, Proceedings of Annual Meeting, 1918. April 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVI. January, 1918. 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


[It has been found that Order 20 was not omitted in the record, 
as stated on page 311, October Magazine, but that, through 
misarranging the sheets of the transcripts the concluding 
section of Order 19, and the whole of Order 20 were on MS. page 
numbered 10. This should have been printed before Order 
21 on page 351 October Magazine. MS. pages marked 12 and 
13 should follovNT Order 21 on page 351 of the Magazine.] 
And if any of ye Councell shall heerin make default that then 
he shall paye for such his defaulte 300 pound weight of To- 
bacco, except it be uppon such lawfull excuse as by the Gov- 
ernor and maior p'te of the Councell shallbe approved. 



20. It is also ordered y* whereas in regard of divers greate 
inconveniences y* have befalen us by the ingrossing of como- 
dities and by greate quantities of wyne and stronge drinke 
sold into the handes of such as have not government to use it 
and y* by reason it hath been left free for every man to buy 
what quantitie he thought good him selfe. To the end we 
may avoide those and many of the inconveniences w'ch the 
whole Colony doth suffer by such confusion and irregular 
bryinge upp of Comodities into a fewe mens handes whereby 
the more part of the Colony is left unfiimished. There shall 
therefore in every Plantation be an sufhcyent man chosen as 
merchant or factor to deale and buy for all the People dwelling 
in the said Plantation. The said goodes so by him bought to 
be by the Comander and Chieffe of the place equally devided 
too all as neere as may be to the f umishinge of every planter 
p'rson And that this may be the better p 'formed y^ is ordered 
y* none of those chosen men to deale or buy any comodities 
untill all or the more p'te of them, be uppon the arrivall of 
any shipp or shipps, assembled heere at James Cyttie, whereas 
understandinge w't p 'portion of goodes is arrived to be sold. 
They may accordinglie provide for the fumishinge of such 
people as have put them in trust to buy for them. 


[Not among transcripts.] 


A courte held the xiii*'^ of August 1626 beinge present S'r 
George Yardley , knight Governor &c. , Doctor Pott, Capt. Smith. 

1. Ishmaell Hills (1) sworn e and exami ned sayeth y^ on 
'Ti) IshmaerHiTl does not appear in the Census of 1G24-5, but Martin 
Turner who came in the Gd-org?, in 1621 , was then a servant of George 
Sandys'at The Treasurer's Plantation. Rice Watkins, aged 30 m 1624-5. 
who came in the Francis Bonav?nture, was then one of Mr. Blayney s 
"men" "over the water" from Jamestown. George Boucher, or Burtcher. 
patented Tuly 3, 1635, 200 acres in James City County (on the south side 
of the river) between Hop, Island and Lawnes Creek, due for Ins own 
personal advonlure, that of his wife Anne, and their two children, John 
Tcfferson, his wife's son, and Jane Burtcher. Which of the two John 
Jeffersons who were early settlers in the Colony, Ann Burtcher had 
been wife of there are no means of ascertaining. , , , 

George Menefie's activity as a merchant and planter has been well 
known, but this is the first notice that he had a forge. 



Sonday laste was sennight in the aftemoone he hearde Martm 
Toumer say that yf he died or that any other mischance did 
happen unto him that Rice Watkins should have all the es- 
tate and goodes he had in Virginia. 

George Boucher swome and examined sayeth y* about a 
moneth agoe he being at Mr Menefie's forge herde William 
Carter servant to Mr Menefie tell Martin Toumer y* Mr 
Hamer was there and would have had Martin Toumer 's bed 
away. To w'ch Martin Toumer replied to William Carter, 
* 'lett not Mr. Hamer or any man ells have my bedd owt of the 
howse for when I woorke they shall find me lodgings. But 
yf I die I do give it thee." 

2 Yt is theruppon ordered that Rice Watkins shall take a 
trewe Inventorie of Martin Toumers goodes & estate and 
present it unto the Courte, and y* if after ten days notice 
Toumer is not herde of he shall have a letter of admmistra- 
tione granted him for ye same. 


Whereas John Heny gave bonde to the good behaviour m 
the tyme of S'r ffrancis Wyatt his Govemment, & hath since 
uppon the Testimonv of Capt. ffrances West one of his Ma 'ties 
Councell of estate for Virginia, that the saide John Heny 
hath ever since well demeaned himself Towards our Sovereign 
lord the kings ma 'tie and all his Hege people. Yt is ordered 
the saide Heny shall have up his bonde. 

Whereas ye Courte hath been enformed by Doctor Pott that 
Thomas Wilson (2) hath abused him self in drinke and beaten 
his wife w'ch himself e confesses. 

The saide Thomas Wilsone hath been sett in ye stocks he 
beinge a Tenante, and to pay XXs for a a ffyne and to give 
bond to his good behaviour and so to stand bounde untiU 
the next quarter courte, and then uppon his good demeanor 

to be discharged. 

~72) In 1624-5, Thonf^aTwilson, aged 27, who had come in the Abigail 
in 1620, was one of Dr. Pott's servants at James City. 



Whereas John Smith (3) hath wrongfully accused Mr Wool- 
ridge, Mr Bunn, Mr Horwood and others, Y* is ordered 
he shall aske their forgivness heere in Courte for their sattis- 
factione, and that after his tyme is expired w 'th ffrancis Fowler 
then to give the said ffrancis Fowler sattisfactione for his owne 
dayes woorke & his man, & for ye loss of ye said John Smith 
his owne days woorke and after to serve ye publique for 3 
moneths at the disposinge of the Govenor and Councell. 

[7] [Erroneously numbered.] 
A Courte held at James Cyttie the XXI*^ of August 1626, 
beinge present S'r George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c, 
Capt. West, Doctor Pott, Captaine Smith, Mr William Cley- 
boume, Secy. 

1. Y* is ordered y* whereas Thomas ffarley (4) gent, con- 
trary to ye late act of the generall assembly hath absented 
liimself from cominge to church uppon the Saboth day for 
the space of three moneths, as appeareth by the testimony 
of Mr James Hickmote one of the church wardens, and as the 
said Thomas ffarley, him self hath confessed, y* is theruppon 
ordered y* the said Thomas ffarley, for that his offence shall 
paye one hundred pound weight of Tobacco into the Pub- 
lique Treasury w'ch fine in some p'te is mittigated in regarde 
of some occasiones by him alledged. But whereas it is alledged 
against him that Richard Tree one of the churchwardens also 

(3) In 1624-5, John Sm\th, aRecl 30, who came in the Abigail was one 
of the servants of Thomas Bunn, surgeon, at Pashbchay. Mr. John 
Woolridpe and Mr. William Harwood were two of the persons referred to. 
In 1621-5, Francis Fowler was one of Capt. EoK-er Smith s iren , over 
the water," (in the present Surry County). In 1639 Fenry Browne 
Esq., patented 900 acres on James River, (m the present Surry) ad - 
ioinine the plantation seated by Mr. Francis l^owler, which had been 
left him, Henry Browne, by Mrs. Antonia Fowler, decear.ed^ 

(4) In the onlv remaining early ship list, one for a sh^p which arrived 
in Virginia in 1623. appears the name of "Thoinas rair.ay. of \\ orcester 
in Worcestershire, pent." The will of Roger Farley, of V. orcester, gent., 
dated 1 622' was published in this Magazine. XX. 178. I :e was probably 
either father or brother of the emigrant, as he mentions ir his will a son 
and a brother Thomas. Thos. Farley was member of the House of 
Burgesses 1629-30 and 16.31-32. 



that he wilbe redie to testifie against him that he hath uppon 
the Saboth daye been huntinge of hogs in James Cyttie Island, 
w'ch beinge justly proved againste him, y* is thought fitt he 
paye the full fine & the penaltie of the generall assembly m 
that case made &pVided. 

John Jacksone swome and examined sayeth y* ye will of Mr 
Thomas Allnut (5) w 'ch was written in a booke and p 'duced in 
Courte this daye was the trewe will of Mr. Allnut as him- 
self confessed to this deponent. 

Mary Landrum, widow, swome and exammed sayeth 
and deposeth as John Jackson formerly deposed. 


Uppon oathes of Cuthbert Peersones, EUzabeth Morecock. and 
Iszabelle Bridgwater 

2 Yt is ordered y* whereas it appeareth by these severall 
testimonies, That Thomas Jones, Robert Hutchinsone and 
John Osborne had severally disordered and misbehaved them- 
selfs in drinldng and quarrellinge and other abuses at unlawfull 
and unseasonable howers of the night, To the disturbance 
of the whole plantatione they shalbe punished and fined ac- 
cordinge to the late act of generall assembly in that case made 
and provided, and it is further ordered y* they and every of 
them shall give a bond of fortie pound apiece w'th sufficyent 
securitie to the good behaviour between this and the next 
courte daye beinge the XXVIIP^ day of this moneth of August. 
3. Whereas Richard Allford (6) was warned by the p'vost 
Marshall on Saturday the 9^^ of August to appear before the 
Governor and Councell this present Courte daye to answere 
to such matters as by Robt Marshall should be alledged againste 
him & w'ch the saide Allforde hath nott donne, y* is ordered 
he sh all paye for that contempt 20 li. of Tobacco. 

(5) See Note, XXIV, 63, this Magazine. c^m\fh\ 

(6) In 1624-5, Richard Alford, aged 26, was one of Capt Roger Smith s 
men "over the water." Robert Marshall, and his wife Ann both of 
whom came in the George, were living on ^i A^t but t no^ 
Elmer Phillips lived at West and Shirley Hundred Feb. 1623, but is not 
included in the Census of 1624-5. 



EUmor Phillips gent, swome and examined sayeth that he 
was in place when Richarde Allforde did acknowledge that he 
did owe Robert Marshall XI dayes woorke whereof he p'mised 
to do the said Marshall 4 dayes woorke and to scale him a 
bill for the other VII dayes woorke. The bill beinge made 
and the saide Richard Allforde required to scale the same he 
refiised to do it, sayinge Marshall shall com by it as he can. 


(This is evidently the proper sheet to follow l^]. From this 
point on the transcripts have- been correctly numbered.] 
A Court held the XXIIP^ of August 1626 beinge present 
S'r George Yardley knight, Governor, &c, Capt. West, Doctor 
Pott, Capt. Smith, Mr William Clayboume 
1. Yt is ordered that whereas Mr Westone yo [sic] Came 
upp to James Cyttie he shall sell 3000 of his ffysh theere, 
w'ch he hath promised to sell at reasonable rates. There- 
fore in regarde the Proclimationes are are not Published for 
the chusinge of Marchants and ffactors, y* is p'mitted that 
such as are desirous to buy any of the saide ffyshe He may 
have leave to deale w'th Mr Westone, Notw 'thstandinge 
our orders to ye contrarie 


A Courte held the XXYHI"' of August 1626 beinge present 
S'r George Yardley, knight, Governor Sec, Capt West, Doctor 
Pott, Capt Smith. 

1. Yt is ordered that whereas John Bourrows desire th to re- 
move and seate himself uppon the neck of land neere James 
Cyttie chiefiie for the keepinge and preservinge of the catt 
due to Mara Buck daughter of Richard Buck minister late 
deceased, he beinge gardian appoynted for the education and 


bringing upp of ye said Mara Buck. The courte conceaveth his 
request very reasonable, and Thereuppon it is ordered that 
jNlr Bourrows may remove him self and seate uppon ye saide 
neck of land, Provided That the saide Mr Bourrows doth 
leave the plant atione of Bourrows mounte sufficyently manned 
and strengthened as by the Govenor and Councell shallbe 

2. Wheras by a peticione p'fered in courte by S'r George 
Yardley, knight, Governor &c, in the behalfe of Margarett 
Pelteere, wyddow, and also by a certificate under the hande 
of Aldeman Lumley and also by a testimonie under the handes 
of Edward Webb and Thomas Gittins, clerke of Set Mary Stay- 
ninge it apereth that Abraham Peltere (7) was not found appren- 
tice to Himiphrey Rastelle whereby he might lawfully dis- 
pose of him, yet nevertheless he v/as bounde prentice to the 
said Himiphrey Rastell for VII yeres contrary to justice and 
equitie, and afterwards was assigned and putt over to John 
Hassarde by the saide Rastell and againe by the said Hassard 
putt over to Robert Thresher for the tearme of 4 yeeres for the 
some of eight hundred pound weight of Tobacco, v/hereof 
650 was paide in hande as he affirmeth, now the Courte con- 
ceaveth that ye saide Rastell hath doune great wrong to the 
said Abraham Pelteere contrary to the agreement made w'th 
his mother, as by the Testimony of Aldeman Lumley apeereth, 
The Courte doth therfore order y* the saide Abraham Pel- 
teere be presently sett free, and remaine at the disposinge 
of S'r George Yardley, knight, Governor &c, accordinge to ye 


of his saide Mother, And the Tobacco paid by ye saide Robert 

Thresher to John Hassarde may be recovered owt w'tsoever 

(7) At the Census of 1624-5 Abraham Pelteare, aged 14, who came 
in the Swan in 1624 was servant of John Hazard, aged 40, who came in 
the William and Thomas, 1618, and who lived at Elizabeth City. Robert 
Thresher was living? at Elizabeth City 1623, and at Elizabeth City at 
the Census of 1624-5. Fe was then a?,ed 22. and had come in the Bona 
Nova in 1620. With him lived Roland Williams and one servant. 


estate remaineth heere in this countrey w'ch doth p'ferUe 
belonge either to the saide Rastell or the saide Hassarde. 
To w 'ch purpose a warrant shalbe sent doune to Capt. Tucker 
to sequester the goodes of the saide Rastell and Hassarde 
untill further order from ye Governor &c Councell. 
And wheras the saide Abraham Pelteere hath served ye saide 
Thresher for one yeere, That there be deductione made out of 
the goods of the said Rastell and Hassarde, w'ch shalbe given 
unto the boy for his service. 

At this courte it is agreede betwixt ye Inhabitants of ye 
Corporation of James Cyttie and Mr George Menefree as 
ffollovreth (vidilect) That the saide Mr Menefree as mer- 
chant chosen for ye saide corporation to deale and buy com- 
odities for them when shippinge shall heere arrive and that 
the saide corporation in lieu and Satisfactione of that his 
paynes herein taken, shall allow Mr. Menefie twelve p. cent 
and tliis Mr Menefee hath undertaken as marchant to p 'forme, 
till ye feast of ye Nativtie of our Saviour Christ now next 
cominge at w'ch tyme it shalbe free for either p'tie other- 
wyse to resolve. 

Thomas Phillips (8) swome and examined sayeth y* a little 
before Christmas last past about the howers of 7 & 8 of ye 
clock coming from Powells Hole to John Stone's howse to 
his lodginge mett w'th a man laden w'th a sheete [?] of To- 
bacco uppon his neck. To whom this this deponent caled but 
y"- p'tie made no answeere, wheruppon this deponent stroke 
his hand uppon the sheete and asked him what have you 
heere, a fatt weather, To whom ye p'tie answered it is not 
soe good, and so ye p'tie went in ye path y* goeth towards 

Henry Woodwards howse. 

"~(8) Thon^as Phillips was in 162-1-5 one of the servants of Lieut, Edward 
Perlccley at Hog Island. John Stone, who can^:e in the Swan, his wife 
Sislv who ca-e in the Seaflourr, and Henry Woodward, who came m 
the Diana and Jane his wife were nei?.hhorin;^ farmers. So were Roger 
Webster and Joane his wife. The lands of Southan^pton Hundred lay along 
the Tames and the southern side of the Chickahommy. It is probabie 
that after the massacre of 1622 Southampton Hundred was considered 
too much exposed to attacks from the Indians and that the residents 
removed to Hog Island. That John Utie and his family, and Henry 
Elwood also lived at the latter place in 1624-5 is confirm a tiori. Ihos. 
Hitchcock, who came in the Marygold, and Alice his wife, lived at Hog 
Island, 1624-5. 



Fourther this deponent sayeth y* he verily beleaveth y* 
by the voyce it was Henry Woodward, The rather for that he 
had been formerly acquainted w'th ye saide Woodward and 
did verily beleave it was Henry Woodward and no other. 


And fourther this deponent sayeth that w 'ther 4 or 5 days after 
he mett the saide Henry Woodward neer unto the same place 
w'th a bagg of Tobacco uppon his back going towards his 
oune howse, and fourther this deponent sayeth, That the saide 
Henry Woodwarde hath been generally reported to be a stealer 
of come and Tobacco in that Islande. 

Roger Webster swome and examined sayeth y* duringe ye 
tyme y* Henry Woodwarde was tenant to ye Socyetee and 
Company of Southampton hundred Mr John Utie as officer 
there, found come in ye cheste of the saide Woodwarde, w'ch 
he tooke from him as stolene, and as this deponent verily 
beleeveth to be trewe, and further sayeth that about this 
tyme twelve moneths. Henry Ellwood, John Jacksone and 
John Etone beinge all of them in the nyght in the howse of 
the saide Etone adjoyninge the come grounde of this de- 
ponent, herde som^e bodie breakinge downe eares of Corne, and 
cominge owt w'th a dogg, The p'tie ffled and ran towards the 
howse of Henry Woodwarde, The mominge followinge Elliott 
[sic] and the rest asked of Woodwarde yf he harde any bodie 
in the corne that nyght, To which hee replied, that he harde 
no man, nor any noyse in the come, soone after this deponent 
cominge to Henry Woodward's howse. Woodward told this 
deponent that there was one in the grounde, the last nyght 
stealing of come, and that he was like to take him, but that 
he ran away towards the forte, and further this deponent 
sayeth y* the saide Woodward is generally suspected for a 
pilferinge fellow. 

Thomas Hitchcock swome and examined sayeth that he 
herde it generally reported by the Inhabitants of the Islande, 



That the saide Henry Woodwarde hath been reported for a 
fTelonious and pillfering fellow and this deponent sayeth y* 
he tooke the saide Woodwarde at this deponents howse at 
midnyght on a darke raynie nyghte, where this deponent 
demandinge of the said Woodwarde what he made there, 
Woodwarde replied did you se my bitch and he went his way. 


Ensigne John Utie swome and examined sayeth that he hath 
suspected the said Henry Woodward he beinge under tliis 
deponents comande often tymes for stealinge of powder 
shott and come, and for the better approbetione thereof (say- 
eth) that he knew not how the saide Henry Woodward should 
trewlie come by the same. 

John Walton (9) sworne and examined sayeth That cominge 
to S'r ffrancis Wyatt knight late Governor for to obtaine a 
Commissi one for a vioage for Canada, And y* he might carry 
Peeter Smith and some others w'th him, S'r ffrancis graunted 
him ffree leave, comandinge him to give Capt. Tucker a liste 
of the names of such men as were to goe w'th this deponent 
affirmeth he did. 

Y* is ordered in courte uppon the Peticione of Mrs Joanne 
Passmoure, w'th ye free consent of Capt. ffrancis West Esquire 
Councellor of estate for Virginia, That Thomas Passmoure 
his executors and assignes shall hold possess and enjoy the 
labor and service of Jeremy White now in the service and cus- 
todie of ye saide Thomas Passmoure who is in lieu and Sattis- 
factione of a maide servant received by Mrs Margarett West 
of & from the saide Mrs Joanne Passmoure untill the first 
day of December w'ch shalbe in the yeere of our lorde God 
one thousande six hundred and seaven [sic] 

(9) John Walton, aged 28, who came in the Elizabeth in 1021, lived at 
Elizabeth City 1624-5. 




A Courte held the 4*^ of September 1626 beinge present S'r 
George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c, Capt. West, Doctor 
Pott, Capt. Smith & Mr William Clayboume 

1. Uppon p'positione & motione of Mr Wilham Clay- 
boume (10) to this Courte touchinge an assured way and 
means he beleaveth himselfe to have invented for safe keepinge 
of any Indyans, w'ch he shall undertake to keep for guides 
allways ready to be ymployed, and yt he hopeth to make 
them servicable for many other services for ye good of the 
whole colony. 

The Courte thinketh it very reasonable the said William 
Claybourne shall for him selfe and his assignes duringe the 
tearnie of three yeers next enseuinge the date heerof, have 
holde and enjoy all ye benefitt use and p 'fitt of this his proiect or 
inventione, And it is heerby ordered that no man of what 
conditione solves w 'thin the limits of the firste Suthem Colony 
of Virginia shall make use of or ymploye any Indyan or keepe 
them after the same maner and forme as he the saide William 
Clayboume hath now p 'iected and invented, uppon the ffor- 
feiture of fower hundred pounds weight of Tobacco for every 
Indyan w'ch any shall soe keepe or m.alvc use of 
'Provided that this inventione be such and in such wyse as it 
hath never been used in the Colony heertofore. And further 
wheras there is one Indyan lately come in unto us, we doe 
give and sett over unto the saide William Claybourne the saide 
Indyan for the better experience and tryall of his inventione. 
Ne^^ertheless y * is not p 'hibited to use any other way or meanse 
for the keepinge of any Indyan w'ch they shall attain unto 

Finis Curiae 

(10) This is probably the earliest Arr.erican patent. It is to be re- 
gretted that William Claiborne did not describe his invention for tam- 
mi* Indians. It was evidentiv, to judge from results, not a success. 




A Courte held the XP^ of September 1626 beinge present 
S'r George Yardley, Knight, Govenor &c, Capt. West, Doctor 

1. Lieut. Giles AUington (11) swome and examined sayeth, 
That he herd Sergeant Booth saye y* he was curst by a woman 
and for a twelve months space he havinge very fayre game to 
shute at yett he could never kill any thinge but this deponent 
cannot say y* it was good wiefe Wright. 

Fourther this deponent sayeth that he had spoken to good 
wiefe Wright for to bringe his wife to bed, but the saide good- 
wife beinge left handed, (12) his wife desired him to gett Mrs 
Graie to be her midwiefe, w'ch this deponent did, and sayeth 
y t the next daye after his wiefe was delivered, the saide goodwife 
Wright went away from his howse very much discontented, 
in regarde the other midwife had brought his wiefe to bedd, 
shortlie after this this deponents wief es brest grew dangerouslie 
sore of an Imposture and was a moneth or 5 weeks before she 
was recovered, att w'ch tyme This deponent him selfe fell 
sick and contynued the space of three weeks, and further 
sayeth y* his childe after it was borne fell sick and soe con- 
tynued the space of two moneths and after\v^ards recovered, 
and so did contynue well for the space of a mounth, and after- 
vvards fell into extreeme payne the space of five weeks and so 


" (11) We have here a full-fledged case of witchcraft with the usual 
incidents. Joane Wrioht, the accused, was the wife of Robert Wright 
w^o was aocd 44 in 1G24-5 and who came in the Swan m 1608. In 162.-) 
he with his wife and two children, bom in Virginia, lived at Anthony 
Bonalls plantation in Elizabeth Citv. No record of the action of the court 
is <'iven in connection with the evidence; but later there is an entry of a 
fin^ imposed on Joane W right. She was evidently a shrev\d a.nd miF- 
( hicvous woman who deserved some punishment for her attempts to 
frighten people- but it is remarkable that she was not put to death. 

Lt. Giles AUington, who was a member of the London Company in 
1020, also lived ^at Elizabeth City. Sargeant Booth was probably 
R(n'nold Booth, need 32, who came in the Hercules m 1609, and who 
1G24-5, with his v«i'fc Elizabeth, aged 24, who cam^e in the Ann 1623 and 
two servants, living at Elizabeth City in 1624-5. 

(12) Doubtless it was thought that this was an unlucky omen for the 



Rebecka Graye swome and examined sayeth That good wiefe 
Wright did tell her this deponent That by an Token that this 
deponent had in her forehead she should burye her husbande 
and fourther sayeth y* good wiefe Wright did tell this 
deponent y* she told Mr ffelgate she shotdd bury his wiefe, 
& w'ch cam to pass, and further this deponent sayeth y* 
goodwiefe Wright did tell this deponent that she tolde Thomas 
Harris (13) he should burie his first wief being then bethroth'd 
unto him, & w'ch cam to pass, further this deponent sayeth 
y* goodwiefe Wright did tell her that there was a woman 
said to her, I have a cross man to my husband, To whom 
good wieie Wright replied, be content, for thou shalt shortlie 
burie him (w'ch cam to pass) 


Thomas Jones swome and examined sayeth that Sargent 
Booth told him y* goodwiefe Wright would have had some- 
what of him w'ch the saide Sargent Booth either would nott 
or could nott give her, and as this deponent thinketh it was 
a piece of fflesh, and after the said Sargent Booth went fourth 
v/'th his peece and cam to good game and very fayre to shoot 
at, But for a longe tyme after he could never kill any thinge. 
Robert Wright swome and examined sayeth that he hath beene 
married to his wiefe sixteene yeers, but knoweth nothinge 
by her touchinge the crime she is accused of. 
Daniel Watkins (14) swome and examined sayeth y* about 
Febmary last past this deponent beinge at Mr Perrye 's Plan- 
tatione, There was Robert Thresher who had a couple of henns 

(13) This was probably Capt. Thomas Harris, a prominent settler, 
whose first wife Adria, aged 23 years, who came in the Marmaduke in 
Nov. 1621, was living at the Census of 1624-5. He had a second wife 

(14) Daniel Watkins who came in the Charles in 1621 , lived at Burrows 
Hill, James City in 1624-5. Good-wife Wright had probably removed in 
1 626 from Elizabeth City to this place. Mrs. Isabella Perry was widow 
of Richard Pace and wife of Capt. V/m. Perry afterwards micmber of the 
Council. See this Magazine I, 451. The Perrys then lived on land ad- 
jom^ng Burrows Fill on the south side of James R^iver. Richard and 
iiUzabeth Arundell who cam.e in the Abigail in 1620 were servants of Sir 
Ck^orgc Yeardley at City in 1624-5. 



pouposinge to send them over to Elizabeth Arundle and good 
wiefe Wright beinge ther in place saide to Robert Thresher, 
why do you keepe those henns heere tyed upp, The maide 
you meane to send them to will be dead before the henns 
come to her. 

Mrs Isabell Perry swome and examined sayeth that uppon ye 
losinge of a logg of light wood out of the fforte, good wiefe 
Wright rayled uppon a girle of good wiefe Yates for stealinge of 
the same, wheruppon good wiefe Yates charged the said good 
wiefe Wright w'th witchcraft and said that she had done 
many bad things at Kickotan, wheruppon this examinant 
chid the saide good wiefe Wright, and said unto her, yf thou 
knowest thyselfe cleare of what she charged thee, why dost 
thou not complaine and cleare thyselfe of the same. To whom 
good wiefe Wright replied, God forgive them, and made light 
of it, an the said good wiefe Wright Threatened good wiefe 
Yates girle and told her, that yf did nott bringe the light wood 
againe she would make her dance starke naked and the next 
mominge ye lightwood was foimde in the forte. 
And further sayeth y* Dorothy (15) Behethlen asked this 
Examinante why she did suffer good wiefe to be at her house, 
sayinge she was a very bad woman, and was accompted a witch 
amxong all at Kickotan. 


x\nd fourther this deponent sayeth y* good wiefe did tell her y' 

when she lived at Hull, beinge one day chuminge of butter 

there cam a woman to the howse who was accompted for a 

witch, whereuppon she by directions from her dame clapt 

the chume staffe to the bottom of the chume and clapt her 

handes across uppon the top of it by w'ch means the witch 

was not able to stirr out of the place where she was for the 

space of six h owers after w 'ch time good wiefe Wright desired 

(15) The unusual name, Rehetbland, does not appear in the Census of 
1G2I-5; but l^orothy Behethland was probably the wire or daughter of 
Capt. Robert "Rehetbland. See this Magazine XT, 363. 



her dame to aske the woman why she did not gett her gone, 
whereuppon the witch fell downe on her knees and asked for 
forgiveness and saide her hande was in the chume and could 
not stire before her maide lifted up the staffe of the chume, 
w'ch the saide good wiefe Wright did and the witch went 
awaye. but to her observance ye witch had both her handes 
at iibertie, and this good wiefe Wright affirmeth to be trewe. 
Fourther Mrs Perry sayeth y* good wiefe Wright told her, 
that she was at Hull her dame beinge sick supposed herselfe 
to be bewitched and told good wiefe Wright of it, whereuppon 
by directione from her dame, That at the cominge of a woman, 
w *ch was suspected, to take a hors-shewe and fling it into the 
oven and when it was red hotte, to fflinge it into her dame's 
urine and so long as the horshewe was hott the witch was sick 
at the harte, and when the Iron was colde she was well againe, 
and this good wiefe Wright affirmeth to be trewe also. 
Alice Baylie swome and examined sayeth that she asked good 
wiefe whether her husbande should bury her, or she burye him, 
To w'ch good wiefe Wright answered, I can tell you yf I would, 
but I am exclaimed against for such things and He tell no more. 
[A sheet of the transcript nimibered 35 contains the following 
depositions in regard to this witchcraft case. It evidently 
belongs here.] 

Robert Thresher swome and examined sayeth yt good wiefe 
Wright came to him and requested him to give her some plants. 
He answered yt when he had served his owne tourne, she should 
have some, so she went away and yt night all his plants were 

Fourther he sayeth that he left 2 hennes w 'th good wiefe Wright 
to be sent over to Elizabeth Amndle either by the p'vost 
marshall or some other, and that goodwiefe Wright did tell 
Daniell Watkins that Elizabeth Amndle would be dead be- 
fore the henns sere sent over. 

Elybeth Yates swome and examined sayeth yt goodwiefe 
Wright came to Mr Moores at Kickotan to buy some chickens, 
but he wotild sell her none, shortly after the chickens died, 
and after that the henn died, and this she affirmeth she had 
hearde from others. 



And further sayeth that when goodwiefe Wright Threatened 
her maide she said she would make her dance naked and stand 
before the Tree. 

5. Y* is ordered yt Henry Woodward shall enter into bonde 
of twentie pounds w'th sufficyent Securitie to the good be- 
haviour, and in the meane t3^me to remaine in the p'vost 
marshalls keepinge. 

Richard Peerce being questioned [concerning] a calfe w 'ch he 
kild w'ch did belonge to the stock of Mr Woodall it is ordered 
yt he shall at ye next springe at Calvinge tyme deliver another 
bull calfe weanable in lieu of the other. 

Yt is ordered y* Mr John Upton shall paye Richarde Fall 
two barrels of come, and Mr Upton to make his boote [?] of 
the come he bought of Richard Fall being now standing in 
the groimd. 

(To be continued) 




(From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 


To Francis Lee (1). 

Virg'a. March y« 5**^ 1688. 

Haveing rec^ a Comand from my Effingham to procure 
some stones & Seeds pr W Methwold & to send them to you 
I have put what I could procure in a Small Barrell & Sent 
them herewith. I was allso glad of this oppertunity to re- 
tume you my hearty thankes for y« many favo" I rec^ from 
you dureing my abode at London. I know you will by this 
fleet receive advice from all parts therefore shall not trouble 
you w*^ our Country affairs. 

Onely desire you to present my Service to all friends, yo' 
good Lady & little ones assureing you I am on all Occasions 

Yo^ Oblige fr^ & Serv* 

To M'ffra: Lee 

To Perry & Lane 

Virga, March y« 6*^ 1688 


This onely accompanys Cap* Morgan & Serves to Cover 

the inclosed bill of Lading for 197 H^^ Tob'o & one of furres 

(1) Frances Lee, 3d son of Col. Richard Lee, the emigrant to Virginia, 
lived for a time in Northumberland County, Va., where he was a Justice 
in 1673. Later he was long a merchant in London, bemg first described 
as of "Buttolfe Lane", and later of St..Dionis, Backchurch. He died 
in 1714. See Lee's "Lee of Virginia "71, 72. 



the Invoice of neither I cannot Send yoti being just now come 
from my L**" & Cap* Morgan Staying for my letters, if hee 
Looses a days time itt may occasion his Stay 2 moneths, there- 
fore beg pardon for this hasty letter. 

My Service to all frds & blessing to y^ Child'' I wish you all 

I am 


Yo"" Humble Serv* 
To Mess" Perr^^ & Lane p Morgan W B 

To Lord Effingham 

ffrom y^ falls of Jam^es River March y® 5*^ 1688. 
May it pleas yo'" Excelncy 

This is chiefly to beg your pardon for not waiting on yo' 
L^ ship att Kiquotan; w''^ was my earnest desire to have kiss^ 
your L^ ships hands again before your departure, but was 
prevented by indeavouring to dispatch Morgan & Ruddes, 
both w^^ I hope will bee ready by Monday next to attend your 
Exclncy The Barrel of Nuts &c for m"" Methwold was unhappily 
left behind & had miscarryed, had not I accidentally heard of 
itt, I have now put itt on board Morgan who is Ordered to 
deliver itt to m^ Lee 

I most humbly beg the favour of your L^ships Countenance 
in England if there should bee any dispute by m"" Ayleway or 
any other about my place (2) : that as I obtained itt by your 
Exclncy 's Assistance, So I hope your L^ship will protect niee 
in itt, as by the former I am ever oblidged to Serve your Exlncy 
so by the Latter I may bee the better enabled to doe itt, vv"^^ 
shall ever bee my utmost indeavo'" 

Pray God Send your L'^ship health, a pleasant & prosperous 
Voyage, that you find all things to your Exclncys desire, & 

(2) Byrd's "place" was that of Auditor and Receiver General, which 
he held 1668-1704. He was subordinate to a sinecure office-holder in 


I have the happinesse to See, your L^^ships Safe retume hither 
in due time, is the hearty prayer of 


Yo' Exlncy's most Obedient & humbly devoted vServ* 
To my Effingham W 

1 to ffather Horsmonden 
1 to Bro Dan'll 
1 to Bro : Rand 
1 to Ditto Sister 

all of this date not copyed 

To Mr. Bassano 

Virg'a March y^ 6*^ 1688 


This Serves onely to cover the 2^ bill of Ex^^ of m^ Brains 
y« sent ^ Bradly, who found a Stop in the Country Longer 
then wee expected but I hope itt will bee no prejudice, & that 
you will not take itt ill that I tooke not the utmost Severity 
against m"" Brain for y* you must have Staid till after Ap'll 
Court before I could have had the Bills so that I thought itt 
better to abate him 121 6^ & take them at so long a time then 
to have gone a more expensive way If itt proves to your 
Likeing I have my desire w:^ was to ser^^e my friend: Wee 
spent your token chearfully & w*^ great Moderation though the 
[v/ine?] proved very indifferent wee have made our usuall 
retume by Cap* Jn'o Ruddes & I wish you all merry w**^ itt, & 
that the times may answer. My humble Service to all our 
friends wishing you all health & happiness I am 


Yo"" frd to Ser\'e you 



Remember mee to m' Harpur & tell him I designe to give him 
Some Acco* of his businesse about the Latter end of Aprill, 
or the beginning of May, by time I hope to see what may 
bee done in itt. I retume you many thankes for y« large 
bottle of Clarett you were pleased to send mee 
To m' Bassano ^ Ruddes 

To Mr. North 

Virg'a March y« 6^^ 1688. 

My Last to you was ^ Bradly who is not yet gone out of the 
Country, I hope this ^ Ruddes may oretake him, you will 
herewith receive ab* 1.^0 Tob'o w:^ I hope m.ay prove well 
I dare not venture to Shipp my skins & ffurres till I hear farther 
Wee are much in the darke not haveing rec^ one w^ord from 
you since the 8*^ of Fb^ though Tom Bray (3) tells mee hee 
hath Some of Xb"^ date from you. Wee had Some Words 
w*^ Bradly about ffraight hee pretending hee cannot get money 
at £6 Tun, talks as if wee were oblidged to give mony out 
of our pockets to maintain other folkes, though by his owne 
discourse wee are ill able to owe itt, every man being (as hee 
saith) abundantly in debt; & as hee pretends you doe nothing 
without his advice, & that hee gives directions for all thats 
bought, Indeed I have no reason to thanke him for his ad- 
viceing you to buy Such Chests for y® Wine as you did, for they 
are not worth one farthing here, & I think I can Sell Sawed 
Boards Somewhat cheaper then to bring them out of England 

Good Chests w*^ Hinges Locks & Keys well Corded are 
as Strong & will fetch Something again here, to contain ab* 
8010 doz [?] bottles are best that Claret I had home is 
not near so good as y* Clarett you Sent Cap*^ Randolph, whats 

(3) Col. Thomas Bray, of New Kent County. His wife Sarah founded 
a scholarship at William and Mary College. The register of St. Peters, 
New Kent, contains the entry "Madame Sarah Bray departed this life 
October 18, 1716." 



att Towne is not yet open'd If Bradly cannot Sail at 
£6 tun as hee hath oblidged himselfe wee are willing to Sell 
our parts, or else fraight So-much as our parts come to if 
if the rest of y« owners will doe the like, otherwise wee doe 
not thinke ourselves oblidged more than they. When Bradly 
arrived hee perswaded mee to promise him to Ship more y** 
part, whatever hee wanted, & when I had the Tob'o ready hee 
would not take itt in, but tooke in Dicke Cockes (4), & I know 
not who's. Since hee can fraight the Ship So well w*^ his 
friends, wee desire they wotild take of our parts. 

Most of this relateing to Bradly hath (as justly it might) 
given distaste to severall of your friends here, & I did promise 
them to give you an Acco* hereof, for though men may bee 
Somewhat behind hand yet they doe not desire Such as Bradly 
w*^ a Supercilious magisteriall gravity, to throw out hints & 
short Sentences to blast their reputations. In my last I ac- 
quainted you w*^ y^ mistake ab* y« Haberdashery & Swords, 
y« 1^* is twice charged & the other not att all; 

I have lately been at Rapahannocke, to take Leave of my 
Effingham So have not been att Appomatocke Store this 
moneth, but I thinke there is a troopers Saddle more then 
whats charged in yo'' Invoice, I hope m'" Webbes (5) money 
is pd & then if Tob'o would yield anything I might have Some 
mony in yovir hands, though yet dare not venture to Send 

(4) Richard Cocke of "BreTo," Henrico County, bom 1639, died 
1706. See this Magazine III, 410. c 

(5) In previous letters of William Byrd (XXV, 262) were references 
to the affairs of Giles Webb, a young Englishman recently settled in 
Henrico County, whose brother, Thomas Webb in England had consulted 
Byrd about arranging his affairs. Giles Webb was son of John and Jane 
Webb, and, according to a deposition in 1690, was bom about 1662. In a 
deed by him, dated Henrico Co., 1689, he is styled "Giles Webb, of Vanna 
parish, gentlerr an' ' . In 1 693 he was paid by the County for his services 
as a Lieutenant commanding rangers in service protecting the frontiers, 
later he was Captain of Militia and in 1699 was appointed one of the 
Justices in the County. In 1685 Byrd stated that Webb was wooing 
one of Col. Thos. Swann's daughters. He was unsuccessful at the tiire; 
but if this was the daughter, Sarah Swann, who married Henry Randolph 
in 1687, Giles Webb was more fortunate with the widow, for after Ran- 
dolph's death in 1693, Giles Webb (stated in the Randolph record to have 
been then 35 years old) married Sarah Swann his widow. He died with- 
out issue, in 1713. In 1716 there was recorded in Henrico a power of 
Attomey from Thomas Webb of the City of Gloucester, gent; his brother 
and heir. 



for any Goods, till I hear farther, Wee spent your token 
chearfully att my Neighbour Randolphs (6) the wine was but 
indifferent, but we made a shift w*^ it. Wee have returned 
ours by Coz^ Jn'o Ruddes; you must charge mee £3 for my 
Selfe Hugh Davis & Peter ffeild, w^^ I must allow towards itt. 

What Tob 'o is on board this Ship is from James River, Brad- 
lys is from Appotomatox they are Severall receivers I would 
have yo' Opinion of y® difference. I know not what certainly 
is on board am to m^eet Jno Ruddes too morrow at Capt Ran- 
dolphs to receive bills of Ladeing. 

I dranke your health y« other day w*^ Dick Johnson (7) 
(who hath got y« Gov) & Tom Bray, pray give my Service 
to all our friends especially your good Lady, & accept y« Same 


Yo' reall frd & Serv* 
To North ^ Ruddes W B 

To Perry & Lane 

March y« 7*^ 1688 


This is onely to accompany Cap* Ruddes who designes 
(if possible) to get out w*^ this fleet, & to acquaint you that I 
wrote at Large two days Since p Morgan p whom I sent you 
197 H*^» Tob'o & one of furres. The Tob'o came all out of 
Appomatox & Ben Halls is all James River, & Severall Re- 
ceivers, therefore I desire yo' opinion of itt by Cap* Morgan 
I sent you a considerable pcell of 2^ bills of Ex^^ most of y» 
1»* by my L^ Effiingham to whom I have charged a bill on you 
for £607 4s w''^ I hope you will readily pay, its at 40 day 's Sight, 

(6) William Randolph, of "Turkey Island." 

(7) Col. Richard Johnson of New Kent, afterwards of King and Queen, 
member of the Council from 1696 to his death in 16.^9. It is not known 
what is meant by "Got the Gov." unless it was in regard to sorre appli- 
cation made by Johnson to the Govenor. For the Johnsons ?ee geneal- 
ogy now running in this Magazine, which began in the July 1917 number. 



& those Sent you none exceed 30. By the next fleet will 
bee y® begining of May 3^ou shall hear more at Large, in the 
interim w*^ best respects & Service to all friends, & blessing 
to y® Child 'n I remain 


Yo' Humble Serv* 

Inclosed is a 2^ bill of m' Secretarys for 
£20 on m"" Starke, I have allso Sent you 
40 Tob *o p Langly Cap* Perry prom- 
ised to take my bills of Ladeing 

Inclosed is m"" Blairs 1^* bill of Ex«^ 
on m^ North for £20 St 'g 
To Mess" Perry & Lane ^ Ruddes 

To Eliakim Hutchison, Boston 



By y« advice of my frd Cap* Pet. Perry I made bold to give 
you the trouble of a letter of y® 1^* instant, w*^ two Small 
bills of Ex^*^ w^^ I desired you to receive, & ret u me the effects 
to mee in y® upper part of James River either in Rum, Sug"" 
Madera Wine, Turnery, Earthen Ware, or any thing else you 
may judge convenient for this Country (fish excepted) & if 
you have no convenience to retume it hither, please to remit 
it to Mess" Perry & Lane merchants in London for my Acco* 
this is only to inclose y® 2^ bills, & beg your pardon for this 
trouble, & if in anything I may bee Serviceable to you here, 
freely comand 

Yo""^ to Serve you 
To m'' Eliakim Hutchinson merch* in Boston W B 

New England Bills Sent 

W 'm Burroughs on himself for £4 : 15 : 9 

Jos. Phaxter on Ad '"^ Wentup 7 : 13 : 6 

12: 09: 3 



To Jonathan Walke (8) Bridgtown, Barbadoes 

Virginia May y« 29*^ 1689 

The I am alltogether a Stranger to you, yet by the advice 
& encouragem* of your Brother Tho. Walke, I have given 
you the trouble of the inclosed bills of Exchange I desire 
you would receive for mee & please to Send mee the effects 
ab* ! in Rum & i Sug^ I doe expect there will be at Bar- 
bados ab* y« latter end oE July from London a Small ship called 
the friendship Jn'o Wynne if hee comes I have desired him to 
call on you & wish that what you send mee may bee by him, 
I being concerned in y^ Vessell doe thereby Save 3^ p Gal'"^ 
duty of y« Rum here; but if Wynne should not arrive 
by the latter End of August, I desire you would Send 
the effects by any Vessel bound for y« upper parts of James 
River, whither I desire you to direct your letters for 

Yo-- friend & Serv* 
To m' Jonathan Walke m^ch* W B 

in Bridge Towne 

Bills Sent 

Jn'oSandfordonThoDuboy for 12: 05: 06 

Tho. Cox on Ben- Bullard for 20: 14: 00 

Tho. Hodgeson Col 'o Jn'o Johnson 06: 14: 00 

39: 13: 06 

To John Thomas & Co. Barbadoes 

Virg'a May y« 29*^ 1689 


Since my last to you I have rec^ advice from Mess" Perry & 

(8) Thomas Walke carre from Barbadoes to Virginia in 1662 and 
settled in lower Norfolk County. He married, in 1689. Mary, daughter 
of Lieut. Col. Anthony Lawson, and had issue Anthony, Thomas, and 
Mary. The will of Thomas Walke, the emigrant, was dated Jan^ 15, 
1693-4. and proved in the same year. See this Magazine V, 89. 139 (where 
his will is printed); William and Mary Quarterly II, 75. 76, and a gene- 
alogy in the Richmond Standard. 



Lane of y« payments of those bills Cap* Wynne drew on my 
Acco* as I doubt not you have ere this, m^ Pet' Perry lately 
Shewed mee a letter & acco* fro'- you of y« Sale of y« Wines, 
is Somewhat better then wee could expect, considering 
what y« last come too I expect Cap* Wynne may bee w*^ you 
about y« latter End of July, by whom I desire you to Send mee 
the Ball: of y« Acco* due to mee I in Rum & i Sugar for 
Melasses you sufficiently cloyed mee last year, I can buy itt 
cheaper deliver 'd att my Landing here then I am charged 

I have left my concerns wholly to Mess" Perry & Lane to 
act as they see convenient by bills or ps I if Wynne comes about, 
but if he doth not arrive w*^ you by the latter end of August, 
1 desire you to Shipp my Goods in any other Vessel bound for 
y« upper parts of James River; not else but w*^ due respects 
take Leave 


Yo"^ Humble Serv* 
To Jn 'o Thomas Esq' ^ ^ 

& Comp 'a 
In Barbados 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a June the 10*^ 1689 


Yo" by Burrell I lately rec^ w*^ the Acco* of y« Sale of 
Wyn I wish Brome may doe as well. I am very confident 
you will find much very bad Tob'o for to gett ab* 80 or 90 
H^^ I have been forced to looke over near 400 and I fear Some 
of this not extraordinary, abundance of Tob'o rotten of w^*^ 
I belive m' Paggen hath a Large share. When I found Tob'o 
So bad, I was Sorry I had So far ingaged w*^ Tanner, by whom 
I have Sent 103 or 104 H^^^ Tob'o & 5 of Skins, w^^ God Send 
Safe to Hand, Cap* Perry hath promised to take Bills of Lade- 
ing, & inclose one to you. I have Sent 6 H^" skins on board 
Rider, who I suppose will Saile about the Auditt by whom 
shall write att Large. 



You desire my advice how to proceed in relation to my 
Audito""' place. I have by Severall desired you to attend m' 
Blathwait or m"" Povey who can give you a full Acco* of affairs, 
for I find m"" Blathwait keeps his Station as Cleark of y« Councell 
& whilst hee Stands, m"" Povey (I suppose) will bee Safe. 
There will bee no money expected, except m"" Povey hath been 
or may bee at any charge, to renew my Warrant, or by any 
other Method to Serve mee farther. I have promised him 
£20 p an"^ for doeing my business, to bee pd as Long as wee 
keep our respective Stations, therefore I would desire you to 
see him Sometimes, who will fiilly informe you all things, 
ffor Crops can say little many people want plants, by the next 
shall be much better able to Judge. Immediately after my 
Last to you I charged a bill on you payable to Will. Edwards, 
for £30, w*'^ I hope you have allowed him. 

I have now charged on you £80, l6s payable to Theo. & 
Rich*^ Blande w*'^ I desire you to pay & charge to my pticular 

I would desire you (if not too late) to order % of y® plains 
I Sent for to bee blew, & y* you Sentt mee ab* 200 yds more 
(of ye Same coloiu*) then is mentioned in my former Invoice. 

I also desire you to Send mee a gros of plain belts, (Such as 
commonly are sent w*^ Catuse boxes) for Indians 

I desire by y"" first conveniency you would send mee a Scre- 
tore (Such as y* I had of Garret) I would have itt Left att 
Ganlers att Toune itt being for my Chamber there. Let him 
remember Inke Glasses for I had none w*^ the Last. 

If french Linnens continue So dear I desire you would Send 
mee Something in lieu of them, I have Sent by Tanner an old 
Silver hilted Sword w'^^ I desire you to change & Send mee 
another Small Silver hilted Rapier for itt. 

I thinke by Rider to Send you y« 2^ bills of Ex'^'* y« whereof 
Sent you by Zachary Tailor & then shall have more consider- 
ably to Send. 

Please to give my blessing to the Child 'n my Service to all 
where due & accept y® Same to your selves & good Lady's 
I am Gen' 

Yo' Humble Serv* 
To P. L. [monogram] p Tanner W B 




Virg'a June y« 10**^ 1689 
This is only to acquaint you w*^ y® rec* of yours p Burrell. 
& to thanke for y® booke you Sent mee, Jack Kent should 
have Sent another packet if hee had a mind to have had y® 
ship Laden at this time of y® year, but I fear hee will Lye in 
the Country, otherwise designe to Send you Some skins 
by him; 

There is a great deal of Tob 'o left, never so much rotten as 
is at this time that ever I Saw, & I fear most concerned will 
find itt Sufficiently bad, M"" Paggens people have ab* 1000 
H*^« by them & expect a ship, if shee comes I may Send Some 
ftirres by her. 

If ffrench commoditys continue So dear I would not have 
any there is other Linens w*'*' must Serve; and if Clarett is 
not to bee had, wee must bee content with Port or Borabar 
shall leave it to you, but desire you to Send mee a H^® of Claret 
Wine m_ore in bottles to be put on Shore at m'' Gawlers at 
James Towne 

I have not yet Sent for wine (9) for y® Councell, I intend to let 
it alone till 10**" July & then if they will forgive Ned Shrawley 
I will trouble you again though they ordered mee to Send 
to m"" Corbin, I should bee glad to Serve m" Web, but have not 
Seen Giles Since, neither can I take his receipt in full, not know- 
ing it So to bee, & Giles Saith hee never Saw a Copy of his 
fathers will, though Sent for but I will take his receipt for £100 
over & above y® £200, will doe as well, Since hee cam 
claim no more unless it bee his due. 

Pray Give my humble Service to all where due & please 
to Accept the Same to your Selfe & Good Lady I am 

S' Yo"^ Humble Serv* 

By my last I sent m^ Bannisters onely W B 

note on you for £17 od mony or w* 
more you had rec^ in his Acco* w''^ 
I hope yo '1 give mee Credit for. 

I have by Tanner Sent my Long 
Periwig w^^ I desire you to gett made 
into a Campagne One & Send mee. 

Yo^^ WB 

(.9) This would make it appear that wine was provided for the use of 
members of the Council during their attendance at Jamestown, at public 



To Lord Effingham 

Virginia June y« 10*^ 1689 


I wrote to your Exlncy from y« Gen '11 Court, wherein I 
indeavored to give your L^ship the best Acco* I could how 
affairs then Stood. Since I know nothing that hath passed 
downe in y« Country, my Habitation being So remote. But 
wee have found trouble enough hereabouts, Severall Strange 
Indians having been frequently Seen sculking both here & 
Appomatox anytime these 3 weeks, they have shot Severall 
Cattell & Hogs, I have had the County troop up twice, but 
cannot meet w^^ them, the people are much terrifyed & the 
Story's broached to y« Northward of y« french joineing 
y« Indians doe much augment y« fears. I shall doe much 
indeavour to Secure the inhabitants, &w* in will lyes preser\^e 
the peace of y« Country, though Sev^all unhappy Accidents 
doe now occur to disturbe itt. 

Some Indian Ser\'ants being lately ran away from their 
Masters met two Taskeroodas (a great Nation to y« South- 
ward) & have killed one of them. Hee that Slew him I have 
caused to bee Secured. The Taskeroodas have sent to demand 
Satisfactione. I have appointed to meet them y« 13*^ instant, 
when I expect y« great men of the Towne 8c the relations of 
y« Slain man, in y« meentime I have given m^ President notice, 
& expect his directions, though I must confesse I know no way 
but to make satisfaction by paying for y« Slain man; otherwise 
they will Scarce brooke a delay, but take itt, w^^ j^^g^t Sett 
y« whole Country in a flame. I humbly propose to yo^ Ex- 
cellency (what I once before offer 'd at) that by Instruction 
out of England, his Majesty would oblidge the Government 
of N Yorke, to use their utmost indeavours to keep the five 
Nations from rambling this way, if their interest w*'^ them now 
continues so great as formerly I am Sure its in their power; & 
nothing could conduce moore to his Majesty's Service here 
& y° Peace of this Country, then y« diverting those Indians 
from given any disturbance to our frontier Plantation & Neigh- 
bouring Indians. Wee w*'^ some impatience expect to hear 



of yo' Exlncy's Safe arriveall in England, where I hope yo^ 
L^ship found all things to Satisfactione. I shall not give 
Yo^ L'iship any farther trouble but humbly beg pardon for & 
a continuance of yC" favours 
I remain My 

Yo' Excellencys most Oblidged 
& Humbly devoted Serv* 
To my Effingham W B 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a May y« 1^* 1689 


A Copy of one Sent p Zachary Tailor Trde Copy 
June y« 20*^ 1689 


The above is onely a Copy of what Sent by last fleet, Smce 
w«^ I wrote to you by Tanner, & Sent upward of 100 
Tob'o & 5 of skins & thereby I acquainted you that I had 
charged £80.10 on you payable to y« Blandes, w«^ I would 
have placed to my pticular Acco* as also £27;7;9 charged 
this day to m'' Thomas Walke, I formerly charged £30 to 
Will Edwards w^^ charge to y« Audito" Acco^ This ship I 
did expect would have Staid till y« Audit, but am this day 
told shee will Sail next weeke, therefore I have inclosed Sent 
you what 2^ bills of Ex«^ I had by mee, excepting four or five 
whereof I had no thirds, they are m^ked in y« Margent of the 
inclosed List. 

Inclosed is an Invoice of 6 of ffurres & skins on board this 
ship. Cap* Jones promised to take my bills of Ladeing & inclose 
one to you. Inclosed is a Small note wherein is an Acco* 
of Some things Sent for by Tanner, & also Some addiotionall 
things now. God send all well to you. I beg pardon for hast 
being to Send this letter downe immediately. 
I am 


Yo' Humble Serv» 



To P. & L ^ Rider 

Additional things Sent for herew*^ 
18 Indian Guns 4 foot p y« S'^ to bee 2s cheaper 
2 gs of Jews Harps 

2 gs Tob'o Tongs 

3 or 4 gs Scissors ab* 2^ p do'n at most 

1 gs Tin Shews W B 

To Perry & Lane 

Virg'a July y« 25*^ 1689 


I wrote to you ab* 10 days Since from Towne by 
Rider, by whom I sent you 6 ffun-es & skins, I inclose 
then to you bills of Ex^^ for £11 ;8s;0d money all w°^ I wish 
Safe to your Hands, this p Hogben Serves to inclose y^ 2^ 
bills, onely Some few of w^^ I have no thirds w^^ are marked 
in y^ miargent of the List. 

I also then inclose to yo 'u a letter to m^ Blathwait & one to 
m"" Povey w*^'' I desire (if they kept their Stations) for you to 
deliver them as allso to pay each of you £100 St'g & charge 

Same to y^ Audito'' besides £100 I desire you to pay m'" Povey 
on my private Acco* I then Sent one inclosed to you for my 
L*^ Effingham, I hope you have delivered, I fear his L^'ship 
may bee angry because I have not order 'd him any money, 
but its not my fault m^ President refuseing to give mee a War- 
rant for it, till wee might hear of his L^ships Safe arriveall 
cS: continuance in y« Governmxent, if hee doth, I hope you'l 
indeav"" to excuse itt, & assure him his money is Safe & ready, 
for to Speake freely I know not how m'^ President could give 
n^.ee a Warrant or I pay y^ mony Safely till wee have farther 
intelligence; Wee are much in the Darke haveing received no 
certain advice Since Burrells, w*^'^ hath kept mee from hastning 
my Acco*^ home, for I scarce know how or to whom to direct 

I have put 10 H''" flu res & skins on board Burrell, they are 
good in their kind, I desire you (as I did fonnerly) to insure 
them if times are dangerous, Hee may Saile (as I am tokl) 



about a moneth hence, before I hope wee shall receive Some 
certain news out of England, & then I shall bee more large to 
you In meantime please to give my blessing to my Child 'n 
best respects & Service to all where due I take Leave 


Your most Humble Serv* 

Please to Send mee Some Ratsbane for they doe mee in- 
finite mischief in all my Stores, & allso 201 brimstone 12 qts 
2 of Hung'y Water allso Bookes The Turkish Spy, all but y« 

Volume, & y« 2^ part of Bumets Theory of y« Earth 


To Mess" Perry & Lane p Hogben 

If you . have an opportunity I desire you to Send mee 20n 
flat tile more w*^ ridgeing tile proportionable. 

[To be continued] 



(Contributed by Leo CuUeton, 92 Picadilly, London, W., and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

Margaret Waller of Baconsfield, county Bucks, Mayden. 
Will 3 March 1631; proved 11 May 1632. To be buried in the 
little Chancel or chapel within the Church of Beconsfield which 
belongeth to my cosin Waller. To Poor of Beconsfield £20. 
To poor of Chalfont St. Giles 40s. To sister Elizabeth Fred- 
way £100 and at her decease to be divided among her children. 
To my sister Thomasin Ballenger £200 and her children. 
To sister Suzan Widmer £20 and to his brother Wid- 
mer £10. To my sister Parsons 3 children Francis, Edward 
and Ann £10 each. To said Mrs Scroope 20s. for a ring. 
To Elizabeth Petty £10. To sister Whitton's two sons £15 
apiece. To niece Ann Kirle £20. To Robert Tompkins 
son of my niece Sicily £10. To Griffin and John Waller £20 
each. To Edmond Scroope son of Mary Scroope £10. To all 
my sister Ann Wallars daughters a ring each. . To goddaughter 
Elizabeth Eaton £15 and to Mary Gaynes daughter like\^ase. 
To sister Lucie £15. To Henry Dells wife 20s. To Richard 
Bentley's wife 40s. To Ann Wolman the elder and Ann 
Wolman her daughter 40s. each. To Nurse Wyan 20s and to 
Nurse Clarke 10s. To Sarah Plaiter 20s. To poor Leresera 
of Bumham £4. To Thomas HoU minister of Cholsbury £5 
Executor; William Widmer abovementioned. Witnesses: 
Thomas HoU and Phillis Stuter. Audley, 60. 

fAs there is great probability that one family of Wallers in Virginia 
descended from the Wallers of Buckinghamshire, and a possibility that 
another of our Virginia families of the name is of the same descent, two 
Waller wills are printed here. It is hoped that others may be obtained 
!?9hich will furnish definite information. 

Col. John Waller, ancestor of the family in Spotsylvania County, 
Williamsburg, etc., is stated in old family accounts to have been bom 
about 1670. He died in 1754. His seal and a copper-plate of his arms 


(with the crest shoT^ing the arms of France pendant from a walnut tree) 
are still o4ed by his descendants. He gave the name ^Newport 
t^hS Dlan^ation in Spotsylvania. He married Dorothy King (born 
1675! dfed 1759?^^^ h^ad issue Mary, John. Edmund, William, Thomas 
and Beniamin. They have many descendants. , • ^, 

The regX of Newport Pagnell, Bucks, England contains the births 
of the following children of Doctor John Waller and Mary his wife: 
(1) William, born Sept. 24, 1671; (2) John, bom Feb 23, 1673, {6) 
Mkiy, bom May 23, 1674; (4) Thonaas, bom ^^^o 5) S even, 

bom Nov 24 1676; (6) Ben amin, bom March 18, 1678; (7) Edm.und, 
bCmFeb*3 1680; (8) Jemima, bom Aug. 31, 1684. (See Wilhara & 
Mary Quartrl^^^^^^ 63 . Of these sons, Edmund, M. D., was a senior 
fellow of St. Johns College, Cam.bHdge, and John is supposed to have 
been the emigrant to Virginia. While this is a probability (the nan.e. m 
the families Sf Dr. John and John of Virginia bemg much alike) it has 

The pSeHedigrees state that the first of the Buckingham_shire 
Wallers, was John, second son of William Waller, of Groombridge, Kent, 
who ^ turn, descended from Sir Richard Waller, of Groombridge who 
captured Charles. Duke of Orleans at the battle of Agmcourt. This 
John Waller married Elizabeth Farnefold, and had a son Rich ar a W aller 
if Beaconsfield, Bucks, who was the father of Robert \Valler, of Beacons- 
f eld (died 1545) who married 1st Tryon, 2d Elizabeth, Q^aughter of 
William, and had (according to one account, by the 1st mar- 
r age); 1. Anthony, died Mar. 29, 1558; 2. William of Abmgd^on 
Berkshire, buried Feb. 5, 1558, who married Joan, daughter of Thomas 
Eowland of Abingdon (and had a son, who married Doroth^^ 
Garrard, and died Sept. 1626); 3. Ralph, married Sarah Saunders 
4 Thomas, married a daughter of George Ham.pden; o Edmuncl of 
Coleshill, Bucks; married in 1555 Ciqely Bell, arxi ^vas ather of Robt 
Waller of Coleshill. who married Ann Ham.pden G. C- Waters Ui^sLrs 
af Chichi y, a much higher authority, says that Edmund Waller of Coles 
hill. who married Cicely Bell, and was buried April 0, 1603. was a son 
of Robt. Waller and Elizabeth Duncombe. Eobt. Waller, son of Ed- 
mund, was buried at Eeaconsfield Sept ^2. 1616. Be married Anne 
daugx^ter of Griffith Kampden of Great Hampden. She died i^pril 9, 
1653 Robt Waller's will was dated Dec. 21. 1615, and proved Feb. 7, 
1616-17 His legatees were his eldest son Edmund (the poet), his sons 
GrifRth, Steven, and John, and various daughters. The son John was 
born between the date of the will, Dec. 21, 1615. and that of a codocil, 
Feb 19 1615-16. and may have been the Dr. John Waller of Newport 
Paganell. Margaret W^aller, the testator, was a sister of Robert \\ aller 

^"ThXls^Walle?!^of Eeaconsfield. (above) who married Dorothy 
Garrard, and died in 1626, has issue: 1 Edmund, married Lucy 
dauphter of Sir Richard Grobham, and died 16G1; 2. Henry married 
Jane Ady Sorg; 3. Robert; 4. John (who also may. possibly, have been 
Dr. John W' aller of Newport. Pagnell) . 

Anne V^Taller of Beconsfeild, county Bucks, widow. Will 8 
November 1652; proved 2nd August 1653. I desire to be bur- 
ied in the churchyard of Beconsfeild, as near unto my dear and 
loving husband as may be. I give unto the poor of Becons- 
feild £10 to be distributed unto them, at the time of my burial. 



To my daughter Mary, wife of Edmond Waller, esquire, 
my son, my coach and two coach horses. To Cicelie Tompkins, 
my daughter, £100. To my daughter Ursula Dobbins, 
£100, to be placed in the hands of the said Edmond Waller, 
who shall pay her the interest and increase thereof, and pay 
the principal to such persons as the said Ursula by her will 
shall direct. But my meaning is that she shall have the sole 
benefit and dispose thereof, in such sort as her now husband 
may not have anything to do therewith. To my grandchild 
Robert Waller, the messuage or inn in Beconsfeild called the 
Ball, and all the lands and tenements which I bought of my 
cousin Edmond Waller of Gregoryes, esquire. To my grand- 
children Robert and Anna Mar>^ Waller, miy two great diam.ond 
rings; the said Robert shall have which of them he chooseth, 
his sister the other. To my grandchild Margo Waller, one of 
the daughters of my said son Edmond £100 within one year 
after my decease, if she then be 14 years old, or else to her father 
to be by him employed to her use till she attain her age of 14. 
To my said son Edmond, all my linen, household stuff, furni- 
ture and implements of household whatsoever. To every 
one of my serv^ants dwelling with me at the time of my decease, 
half a year 's w^ages over and above what may be due to them. 
All the rest of my goods I give to my grandchildren Robert 
and Anna Mary, equally, between them; and I make my friend 
Mr. George Gosnould my executor, to whom I give £20 for 
his pains and care to be taken therein, further authorizing him 
to reimburse himself all such sums as he miay spend by reason 
of t£iking upon him the execution of this my will. I give to 
my grandchild Edmond Patty, esq., £5. To Sir Orlando 
Bridgman's lady, £3 to buy her a ring. Whereas there is due 
to me £1100 and upwards from my son Edmond Waller, 
my will is that all my debts, legacies and funeral expenses 
shall be paid out of that money, and the residue thereof paid 
to the said Robert and Anna Mary equally between them, 
(signed) Anne Waller. Witnesses: Edw. Ermiston, Henry 
Axtill, the mark of Thomas Sagv^^ell, George Randall and Steven 

X S921G1 


Grove. Proved by Gosnold, gent., the executor named. 
Brent, 250. 

[This lady was of illustrious kinship and connection. She was aunt of 
Tohn Hampden, mother of Edmund ^^/aller, tne poet, and her brother 
married Oliver Cromwell's aunt. She was, as stated above, the wife of 
Robert Waller, and was baptized Dec. 10, 1589, and died April 9, 1653. 
Her daughter Cicelv, the niece mentioned in Margaret Waller s will, 
married Feb. 10, 1624-5, Nathaniel Tompkins, who was executed July 5, 
1643 for taking part in what was called "Waller s Plot," against the 
Parliament. Edmund V/aller, the poet, was bom March 3d,1605-6, 
married Anne Bankes July 5, 1631, married secondly, Mary Breese or 
Breaux, and died Oct. 21, 1687. By the first m.arriage there were no 
sons to'sur\ive infancy; but by the second marriage he had (1) Benjamin 
stated (according to a letter from Sir Wathen Phipps Waller, Bart to 
have died in Virginia: 2. Edmund of Beaconsfield, will dated 1699, 
d s p at Bath . and buried in the Quaker burying ground there; 3. Stephen 
LL D died Feb.* 1707 ; 4. William, merchant in London; 5. Charles of 
whom'nothin? is known". If Benjamin Waller, son of the Poet was ever 
in Virginia, tnere is no trace of him in the records. He may however 
have lived in some of the counties where the records have been destroyed 
There is on record in Essex County a deed dated 1713 from Charles 
Waller, of Essex, to Edward Waller of King & Queen, and another, dated 
April 1740, from Charles Waller, and his wife Elizabeth, sister of Lodo- 
wick Rdwzee, of Essex.] 

William Walthall of Coats, county Leicester, gent. 
Will 24 May 1632; proved 7 February 1632. At the instance 
of Alise Noone my natural mother dwelling at Evington 
county Leicester, I sold one tenement in the parish of St. 
Martins in the Burgh of Leicester for £40 and in consideration 
did promise me to assign one other tenement in the parish of 
All Saints in Leicester now in possession of Mary GifiFord. 
I hereby make my said Mother Alise Noone sole executrix 
of my will. I entreat my said Mother to sell said tenement 
in All Saints and out of the money pay to my sister Vrsula £20 
and to my sister Dorothy £13. 6s. 8d. with residue to said 
Mother. My said Mother is indebted to m^e £20 out of my 
fathers estate and £20 more for the rents of certain lands 
since my coming to full age, I give to my Sister Elizabeth £10 
thereof and to Mary Noone my half sister £5, to my cousin 
John Orme 50s. To my uncle Richard Pope £4. To ni^v 
Master Sir Henry Skipwith's servants £5 divided as he thinks 
fit. To poor of Prestwould and Coates and Evington 40s. 
apiece. To ClemxCnt and Edward Noone my brothers in law 
20s. apiece. To the young men of Evington of my familiar 



acquaintance 40s. to be divided by my Mother. All my books 

to Sir Henry Skipwith my Master his sons and to his daughters 

20s. apiece. To Donaugh Bryan his footman 10s. To every 

my godchildren 2s 6d. Residue to said Mother. ^ Witnesses : 

Henry Skipwith, And. Burton. Russell, ii. 

fWm. Walthall was probably a steward or other agent for Sir Henry 
Skipwith, ancestor of the Virginia family of tne name. Tnis is one of 
num.erous instances in which men and women of families of the gentry 
were in service in other families.] 

John Weldon of Westminster, gentleman. Will 14 Octo- 
ber 1644; proved 20 November 1644. I give the mannor of 
Summers in Much Parendon in Essex, with the advowson of 
the parsonage there, and all other my landes in Parendon 
and elsewhere in the said countie, in tail successively to my 
eldest Sonne John, my sonne George and m.y daughters Eliza- 
beth and Johanna. The lands I purchased of my brother 
in law George Bell in Wexham and Upton, county Bucks, 
I give to my daughter Elizabeth and her heirs, failing v/hom 
to the said Johanna and George successively. A house in Shoe- 
lane in the parishe of St. Andrews Holborne, w^hich I purchased 
of Rookes, and is now in the occupation of Richard Good- 
man, spectacle mialcer, I give to m.y daughter Johanna Two 
shares of fower shares of land lyeinge in Pagetts tribe in the 
Bannuthos [Bermudas] which was purchased by m.y father in 

law George Prynne and m^yself of one Woodhall, barber, 

chirurgion of London, I give to my son George My lease of a 
house in the parish of Creechurclie, London, nov/ in the oc- 
cupation of Mr. Genny, a com.iitt maker, to my daughter 
Johanna. My lease of lands in Wexham and Upton afore- 
said which I hold of Mr. John Peters of Darny in countie 
Bucks, to my daughter Elizabeth. jN.Iy lease of the house 
wherein I dwell in Pettie France in the parishe of Margarett 
in Westminster to my daughter Elizabeth. My land which I 

have by mortgage of one Kedge, lyeing in Burnam, county 

Bucks, to my daughter Joanna, I discharge the said Kedge of 
a bond wherein he stands bound with my brother Henrie 
Welden for payment of £20 upon condition that, if he redeeme 
the said land from m^ortgage, he shall settle the san\e by good 



conveyance upon Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of the said 
Henrie Welden and her heires I give to my daughter Eliza- 
beth £150 and to my daughter Joanna £100 at their marriage 
or age of 21. All other my moveable goodes to be divided by 
my executor into three parts, my said daughters to have two 
parts, and my two sonnes one part and noe more. I make Mr. 
George Prynne aforesaid my executor, and give him the profits 
of all the' above bequeathed leases and lands for the main- 
tenance and education of my sonnes till 21, and of my daughters 
till 21 or marriage. I give to the poore of Westminster £5. 
To my sister in law Sarah Weldon towards the relief of her and 
her children £20. Witnesses: James Halliwell, James Heath, 
Jonathan Brand. Proved by the executor. Rivers, 5. 

rPeter Efford, of York Co., Va., died in 1666, leaving a daughter, 
Sarah to the care of Rev. John Weldon, minister of the parish of bt 
Mary, Newington, Surrey, England. She married Samuel Weldon of 
London, doubtless a kinsman of her guardian, who came to Virginia m 
in 1675, and was the ancestor of the family of the name here and North 

RicHAPD Williams, late of the parish of Catherine Cree- 
church, London, bachelor, being bound on a voyage to Vir- 
ginia in the service of this Commonwealth of England in the 
ship called the John, did divers times before his death and more 
especially. Will about the month of August 1651; proved 11 
May 1653, declare his will and mind to be as foUoweth: I 
give all my wages and other personal estate whatsoever to 
Walkter Hawkins of the said parish of Catherine Creechurch, 
seaman, who was at that time bound for the same voyage, 
but did go in another ship; and I do make him my executor. 
Which worde he did utter to the intent that the same should 
stand as his last will and testament. Witnesses : John Farrar, 
the mark of Jane French. Proved by Walter Hawkins, the 
executor named. Brent, 242. 

[This was a member of the crew of one of the ships in the Parliamentary 
fleet sent to subdue Virginia and the other royalist Colonies. The Jonn 
was lost at sea on the voyage.] 



Thomas Willoughby late of Ostham, county Kent, gentle- 
man. Nuncupative will 23 April 1636 (Saturday); proved 
17 June 1636. He did request Mr. William Brewer who then 
cam.e to visit him to calln his wife Mrs JuHan V/illoughby and 
his brother Mr. Peter Willoughby, and she coming in, said to 
her "Jill I make thee my whole Executrix and give you all the 
goods I have here or anyv/here else for my children are yours 
and I know you will have a care of them" which words w^ere 
declared in the presence of said Mr. William Brewer, and said 
Mr. Peter Willoughby. Witnesses: Willm Brewer, Peter 
Willoughby. Proved by Juliana Willoughby relict and exe- 
cutrix. Pile, 77. 

John Willoughby of Eatonbridge, county Kent, gent. 
Will 18 July 1633; proved 24 August 1633. To poor 10s. 
To my 3 servants dwelling with me at time of my decease 5s. 
apiece. To daughter Anne Willoughby £100 when 21 and 
£50 out of legacy given m.e by my father Christopher Will- 
oughby gent deceased. Residuary Legatee: my son William 
Willoughby when 21. My mother to have my children for 
education etc. Executors: Mr. Richard Jennett, Mr. Wilham 
Seyliard. Witnesses: Tho: Seyliard, James Seyliard, Jo: 
Seyliard, Francis Seyliard. Debts owing my testator: To 
Mr. W. Seyliard £30, Sister Bridgett Willoughby £40, to 
Brother Alexander Randall £20, Henry Stanford £20, Executors 
of Margaret Carpenter deceased £10. Russell, 22. 

[Thomas Willoughby, of Lower Norfolk, Va., the emisirant ancestor 
of that family, was bom in IGOl, and came to Virginia in 1610 (//o// n). He 
was a merchant as well as planter and made several trips to England. 
In the British Public Record Office is a certificate, dated 1627, by Thomas 
Willoughby of Rochester, aged 27, in regard to a ship in wnich iie was 
about to go to Virginia. The correspondence in age leaves no doubt 
that this was the Virginia settler. Thomas Willoughby. the testator, 
seems to have been a son of Thomas of Wateringbury, and brother of 
Peter of, Adlington, {B.rrys Kentish Gtnralogi'^s) . It has been sig- 
gested that this Thomas was the em.igrant to Virginia; but the findmg 
of ftis will disposes of that. It seems probable, however, that Thomas . 
Willoughby of Virginia was a native of Kent.] 

Thomas Woodhouse. Will 14 August 1623; proved 26 
July 1624. Who departed tliis life the 16th August 102.'^. 



To my mother Elizabeth Woodhouse dwelling in London 
all my wages due from the Hon. East India Company. To 
William Parlce 20s. To John Edwards 15s. To William 
Prichard 15s. to be paid by my mother out of my wages. To 
George Newton and William Prichard all my apparel and bed- 
ding. To Peter Cullamore my hat and coat. To Malachie 
Marten my girdle and screetore. Elizabeth Woodhouse, 
sole executrix. Witnesses: Richard Travell Proved by EHza- 
beth Woodhouse, mother of deceased. Byrde, 66. 

RoGES WooDHOWSE. Stouwcck. Will 1 August 1610; 
proved 5 November 1625. To Rutgera Woodhowse my wife 
named afore Van Eck all goods and money whatsoever in- 
treating all officers that they will ayde the said Rutgera. 
Witnesses: Thos Cribs, Daniell Studley. Proved by Rutgere 
van Eck als Woodhowse relict nuper in partibus ultramarinis 
etc. Clarke, 125. 

Captaine Frauncis Woodhouse. Nuncupative will on 
or about 15 June 1627; proved 9 August 1627. Taking his 
leave of Mr. Robert Terrill and his w^ife at whose house he 
lodged when in London saying that he could not tell whether 
he should see them again whereupon Susanna wife of Robert 
Terrill asked him if he had made his Will who answered that his 
Vv^ill was sonn made for all that I have I do give to my mother 
except one looking glass which I give to you, all which word he 
uttered in the house of said Mr. Terrell at his last departure 
to go with the Duke of Buckingham, in the presence of said 
Mr. Terrell Susanna his wife and John Gostellowe their servant 
and others. Commission to Marie Woodhouse matri Fraun- 
cisci Woodhouse. Skynner,86. 

Henry Woodhouse of Winterton, county Norfolk, gent. 
Vv'ill 26 August 1636; proved 11 June 1637. To Nicholas 
Bacon of Gillingham esq and Humfrey Bowing neere Beccles 
(sic) gent and their heirs all my lands called Flatgates in Win- 
terton East Somerton, Horsey and Waxtonsham, county 
Norfolk to be sold by them and the money paid to Jose Hane 



my son in law. To said Nicholas Bacon and Humfrey Bowing 
all my lands called Great Guntons in the manor of Skaming, 
county Norfolk, to be sold by them and they shall pay £150 
which I do owe out of the moneys received for lands last given 
and also £200 to Elizabeth my daughter. All moneys that 
shall remain overplus to Judith my wife sole executrix. And 
I give her all my goods. Codicil 17 February All moneys 
due from Capt. Thomas Shocks and Capt. John Harrison 
which is about £100 I give to my daughter Doll also my books 
that do not belong to my son. To my daughter Alice £200 
owing to me in Ireland. The lease at the Parmodes [Bermudas] 
to my son Harryes two daughters Betsey and Juday. My 
Bibeli to my daughter Bettey. Rere Godfrey. Goare, 97- 

Sir William Woodhowse of Waxham, county Norfolk 
Knight. Will 1 May 1638; proved 26 November 1639 Touch- 
ing such manors lands tenements etc as were anyw^ays in my dis- 
position I have already by several deeds disposed of the same. 
I give to Elizabeth Smith the girl in my house £100. My will 
is that my executrix shall provide meat drinke lodging and 
apparel for her. Touching my personal estate in ready money 
plate, jewels, household stuff etc I give and bequeath to my 
loving daughter Frances Woodhowse sole executrix. Wit- 
nesses: Roger Gooch, Thos. Doodes, Thos, Doodes. Junr. 
Harvey J 175. 

[Henry V/oodhouse, son of Captain Henry Woodhouse, Governor of 
Bermuda, and grandson of Sir Henry Woodhouse, of Waxam (who died 
1(524) emigrated to Virginia, where he died in 1655. He has many descend- 
ants. Only a detailed pedigree of the family would show whether Thomas, 
Roger and Capt. Francis Woodhouse were of this family (for there was 
another in Norfolk, England); but "Henry Woodhouse of Waterton is 
evidently the Governor of Bermuda, and the father of the Virginia em- 
igrant He names a wife Judith, son Henry, daughters Elizabeth, 
Alice, 'and Juditn, and son-in-law "Jose Hane". He also had a son 
Horatio and a daughter Lucy, who married Sir William Dutton Colt 
and other sons and daughters. The daughter, Alice, died unmarried 
in 1647, and in her will named her mother Mrs. Judith Woodhouse, and 
brother "Jost Hane". r o- tt w^^^ 

Sir William Woodhouse, of Waxam, was father of Sir Henry Wood- 
house ("Aho died 1624) and grandfather of Governor Henry Woodhouse. 
See this Magazine XIII, 202, 203; XVII, 397, and references given.j 

fTo be continued.) 



(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and Copies in the McDonald 
and De Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 

Whitehall, Nov 26, 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations — 
Lord Culpeper's former Instructions with his Answer to several 
particulars read— Col. Philip Sudwell and Col. Wormley 
to be put into the Council— Lord Culpeper's desire to know 
how to proceed with complaints made by the Indians against 
the English:— the parties offending to be punished by the Gov- 
ernor and Council or by the General Court, & the Indians to 
be admonished likewise to punish their own people:— The 
Governor to take some effectual method for administering 
justice between the Indians & the English— Lord Culpeper 
says there is but one Papist (1) in Virginia & about 150 Dis- 
senters who call themselves Sweet-singers— His instructions 
concerning the exercise of religion to be the same as to Sir 
Thomas Lynch— also an Instruction to recommend to the 
Asse mbly the settling an impost upon Liquors imported, 

(1) There were no doubt a few more "papists" in Virginia than Lord 
Culpeper stated; but the only one of sufficient prominence for him to 
know anything of was George Brent, of "Woodstock," Stafford County, 
who died about 1700. His cousins of the Giles Brent line were children. 
The Virginia Brents soon became Protestants. This is shown by the 
fact that they held various offices which no Catholic could then fill m 

It is not known exactly what is meant by the dissenters who called 
them.selves sweet singers." The Quakers comprised by far the largest 
body of dissenters in Virginia at that time. 

It is possible that Culpeper confused Virginia and Maryland. In the 
latter colony, on Bohemia River, was a settlement of Lahadists, some- 
times called "Sweet Singers." 



instead of the Poll Tax which is very unequal— Musters of the 
Militia to be settled and Lists sent home for the King's in- 
formation—To deliver a Survey of the Stores in Virginia- 
accounts of stores & public powder to be given from time to 
time in future — Surveys of lands set out and patented to the 
inhabitants to be sent over. PP- 
(Col. Entry Bk. No. 106. pp 309-311.) 

Dec. 12, 1681 

Paper in the Handwriting of, and Signed by Thos. 
Lord Culpeper containing an accotmt of his proceedings 
from the 10*^ day of December 1679, when he received his 
Instructions & necessary Despatches to the 11*^ day of August 
1680 when he sailed out of the Capes of Virginia for New Eng- 
land—His detention by contrary winds till 13*^ February 
when he set sail in the Oxford Frigate and landed in Virginia 
3 May 1680— his summoning the Council, publishing his Com- 
mission, administering the Oaths and settling the Commissions 
both Civil and Military— Applied himself to the execution of 
his instru.ctions;— supervised the County Courts— visited 
places supposed proper to build Forts &c.— Meeting of the 
Assembly 8th June— Robert Beverley (2) appointed their 
Clerk nem. con; his denial would have disobliged the whole 
Country— has deferred the putting also Col. Ed. Hill out of 
Commission— Passed the Act of Revenue to his Maj. his 
heirs and successors for ever Vvrith addition of two provisoes, 
Also in reference to the passing & repeal of other Acts- 
Delivery of His Maj. presents to the Indians— suspension of 
his Instruction concerning the signification of his Maj. high 
resentment of a representation made to Col. Jeffreys by the 
then Assembly upon the imanimous advice and petition of the 
Council— appointing of fitting Officers to oppose the Indians— 
and of Col. Philip Ludwell to the Council in the room of Col. 
Parkes deceased a nd of Colonels John P ag e & Matthew Kem pe 

(9) RoberrBeverley and F>dward Hill nad been sharply conden-ned 
bv the Commissioners sent to suppress Bacon's Rebellion, charged with 
having instigated Berkeley to his excesses and been removed from ottice. 



of the Assembly in the room of Col. Rowland Place and Henry 
Meese living in England — also gave a dedimus to swear Col. 
Abraham Wood of the Council — Proclamation for the col- 
lection of one year's Quit rents issued— Appointed Col. Wm. 
Bird of the Council in the place of Col. Swanne deceased — 
Payment of Sir H. Chicheley's Company from 1 May 1678 
to 1 July 1679 * ' to the good liking both of Landlords, Soldiers 
and Country" — ^Also Lord Culpeper's account of "The 
Present State of Virginia," viz. : The House of Burgesses, the 
charge of the Government, Judicature, the ecclesiastical 
Government, the Military Power, in relation to their neigh- 
bours of Carolina & Maryland" the north part of it (Car- 
olina) "always was and is the sink of America" — and to the 
Indians— & the low or rather no price of their only commodity 
Tobacco — Concluding with a "few hints of what he conceives 
fitting to be done for the good of that poor place. " 9 pp. 
(Colonial Papers.) 

Custom House, London, Dec. 12, 1681. 
[Report of Cohabitation, and encouragement of trade and 

Report of the Commissioners of Customs to the Lords 
Commissioners of the Treasury upon two clauses in an Act 
of Virginia [concerning the tim.e when said Act is to take place 
for the landing of goods and shipping of tobacco] That this 
Act be by no m.eans confirmed or put in execution, but by his 
Majesty referred back to the Governor of Virginia to be re- 
considered in the General Assembly there — the like directions 
to be given to the Governor of Maryland — This being a matter 
that much concerns his Maj. revenue in his Customs and par- 
ticularly the penny per lb granted by the Act of the 25 year of 
his Maj. reign, the due collection whereof is of great conse- 
quence even to his Maj. customs in England and the trade 
and navigation of this kingdom. 4 pp. 

(Colonial Papers.) 



Whitehall, Dec 13, 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations— 
That such Acts as Lord Culpeper omitted to repeal be mentioned 
m his next Instructions to repeal them on his arrival in Vir- 
ginia—Agreed to represent to his Majesty the great benefit 
to the Colony of Virginia to send thither 2 or £300 worth of 
Flax & Hemp (3) seed— The clause granting one third of the 
fines and forfeitures to Lord Culpeper to be left out in the new 
draught of his instructions, and his Salary to be made payable 
to him per diem, according to his desire— In reference to the 
Declaration (4) of the Assembly concerning the public records, 
made during the Government of Col. Jeffreys, their Lordships 
will report "that altho' his Maj. may please to pardon the 
"persons v/ho offended therein, yet it may be signified by an 
"Order of Council, that his Maj. does wholly disapprove 
"said Declaration, & that not only all Records to that effect 
"may be taken off the file and razed out of the books of Vir- 
"ginia, but that this Order of Council may be entered in the 
"Register of the Council there, with directions to the Lord 
"Culpeper or Commander in chief for the time being to pro- 
"pose a Bill in the next Assembly condemning said proceed- 
"ings & declaring the right of his Maj. & his Officers to call 
"for all the public records & journals whensoever they shall 
"think it necessary for H. M. service "—Agreed to report to 
the Council that Robt. Beverly and Edward Hill are honest 
and able m^en & very active in his Maj. service, during the late 
Rebellion, in accordance with report of Lord Culpeper who 
had suspended the execution of his instruction concerning them. 
2 pp. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106. pp. 320-322.) 

(3) The Assembly ofTered bounties for hemp . and certificates appear- 
ing the county court records sho^ that a considerable quantity was 

(A) This uas a rer:ohition by the House of Burgesses declaring the in- 
violability of their records, some of which had been seized by tlie English 
Comnussioners. This action gave great offence to the ^^^f^\^]^^\'J^: 
n^ent. It does not appear that any such disavowal as ordered by the 
King was made. 



Whitehall, Dec 13, 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations— 
Report of the Commissioners of the Customs on an Act made 
in Virginia for Cohabitation and encouragement of Trade and 
Manufacture read: agreed to report the whole matter to his 
Majesty in Council. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, p. 318.) 

Council Chamber, Dec 13, 1681 
The Lords of Trade and Plantations to the King— 
Shall in a few days lay before his Maj. Draught of Commission 
and Instructions for Lord Culpeper— Have received Report from 
Comiss" of Customs upon an Act made in Virginia for Cohabita- 
tion & encouragement of trade and manufacture, & finding it 
impracticable, offer that Lord Culpeper direct the Council s 
Assembly of Virginia to frame an Act more useful & not preju- 
dicial to his Maj. Customs, in the mean time that part con- 
concerning the landing of goods & shipping of tobacco to be 
immediatelv susoended— With reference to the Declaration 
of the Assembly touching the custody of their Journals and his 
Maj. Instructions of Dec, 1679 to Lord Culpeper to signify 
his Maj. high resentment of this seditious Declaration, whicn 
his Lordship has hitherto suspended not only by the earnest 
advice but by the petition of the Council there, to the end 
such unv/arrantable proceedings may not be taken for a pre- 
cedent hereafter, their Lordships offer that altho' his Maj. 
ir.ay please to pardon the off^endors, yet it may be signified by 
an Order in Council That his Maj. does wholly disapprove 
of the said Declaration and that not only all Records m^ay 
be tal^en off the file and rased out of the Books in Virginia, 
but that his Maj. said Order may be entered in the Register 
of the Council there, with directions in Lord Culpeper to pro- 
pose a Bill in the next Assembly condemning the said proceed- 
ings and declaring the right of his Majesty and the Officers 
to call for all the Public Records and Journals whenever they 
shall thinly it necessary for the King's service. Robert Bev- 
erley, clerk of the Assembly, and Col. Edward Hill, 



President of Charles City County having been represent** 
by his Maj. late Commissioners as persons of evil fame and be- 
haviour and therefore ordered by his Maj. to be put out of 
all public employment, but which Lord Culpeper, upon the 
earnest petition of the House of Burgesses and the whole 
Council & himself being satisfied that they are honest and able 
men and very active in his Maj. service during the late Re- 
bellion, thought fit to suspend— Desire his Maj. pleasure 
whether said persons shall be displaced or continued in his 
service to the end his Lordship may receive Instructions ac- 
cordingly. 3 pp. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 82, pp. 3-6.) 

Council Chamber, Dec 15, 1681 
Report of the Committee for Trade and Plantations 
TO THE King — Have been attended by Lord Culpeper and the 
Muscovy Company in ^ order to find out the best means to 
introduce the trade of Toba^cp within the Dominions of the 
Czar of Russia, Lord Culpeper li^ving proposed this matter 
as of the greatest consequence for relieving the poverty of 
Virginia — That commodity being not only forbidden by the 
secular power but by the Ecclesiastical Law itself (in Russia) 
are of opinion it is only proper for the solicitation of a Minister 
to be sent by his Maj. to that Court — Recommend that when 
an Ambassador be sent thither, this be a principal point of his 
message and instructions — the allowance of tobacco within 
those Dominions — ^Also that for the encouragement of the 
plantation of hemp and flax in Virginia, which by reason of 
the great poverty of the inhabitants has not been yet brought 
to effect his Maj. would advance 2 or £300 to be disposed of 
in those commodities and to be distributed by the Council 
there to fitting persons— with Mem°— That this report being 
the next day read in Council it was ordered that it should 
be further considered of. 2 pp. 
(Colonial Papers.) 



Whitehall, Dec. 15, 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations— 
A Report concerning the Act of Cohabitation (5) in Virginia 
and other matters relating to that Government is read and 
approved— The Muscovy Company being called in, Lord Cul- 
peper moves the Committee that some means might be found 
out to open and procure a trade within the Dominions of the 
Emperor of Russia, for Tobacco— very difficult to settle such a 
trade (tobacco being forbidden) and only fit to be attempted 
by a Minister and that the Patriarch and Favourites of the 
Czar must be persuaded by fitting arguments to bring it to 
pass that Tobacco may be used in that Country— this there 
Lordships will report to his Majesty. 
(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, pp. 324-5.) 

Whitehall, Dec. 20. 1681 
Minutes of a Committee of Trade and Plantations — 
The remaining part of Lord Culpepers Journal and State of 
Virginia read— his Lord'ps representation of the great incon- 
venience of repealing the Act of Cohabitation until another 
Act be passed instead of it— that part of it concerning the land- 
ing of goods & shipping of tobacco, to be suspended — In- 
struction to be prepared for Lord Culpeper to recommend to 
the next Assembly to settle a more equitable manner of tare 
upon commodities exported from Virginia, also to change the 
present impositions upon Tytheables for a duty on brandy, or 
other Liquors, which may be appropriated to the uses of the 
Govern* excepting only the twenty pound per pole. As to 
regulating Appeals his Lord'p to have a view of the methods 
directed in the other Plantations & thereon to offer what he 
thinks fit— An Instruction to be prepared leaving to the dis- 
cretion of the Gov. & Council to enchance the price of Foreign 
coin by Proclamation, except that given in payment 
of 2s. per hogshead & other duties payable to the 

(5) This was the first of the numerous acts for the establishment of 
towns and ports. 



Government which are to be satisfied in sterling money with- 
out alteration— As to Peace and War to be made with the 
Indians, being left to the direction of every distinct Governor 
is of dangerous consequence but being already granted by 
charter, their Lordships see no better remedy left than carrying 
out an Order in Council of Dec. 1677 whereby all Governors 
and Proprietors may be directed not to make Peace or War 
with the Indians without the participation and consent of one 
another— His Lordship left to present his reasons to his Maj. 
in Council that no Assembly may be called until his return or 
further Order, and concerning the payment lately ordered 
to the soldiers in Virginia— to be understood that debts only 
contracted for their Quarters are to be paid— Letter to be 
written by his Maj. accordingly. 3 pp. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, pp. 327-330.) 

(To be continued) 





Tobacco Act, ^713 
[Following is the bill reported to the Committee, with their 
report on tobacco legislations printed in the last Magazine 

That all PubHck Debts payable in Tobacco Such as Quitt 
rents Governors Dues, Country, County, and Parish Levyes, 
all Secretary, Sherifs, and Clerke fees be brought by the Debtors 
to one or more places to be appointed in Each parish— 

That one or more persons be Appointed and Commission- 
ated by the Governor to receive in Each parish all Such Debts 
at Stich places, and to pay away the Same to whom they shall 
be due. 

That the Receiver of Such Tobacco Shall enter into Bond 
mth Security and Shall also take an Oath not willingly to 
receive or pay away any Tobacco but what shall be Good and 
Merchantable. And if any Tobacco be offered to the Re- 
ceiver which shall be by him refused It shall be Lawful for him 
to Summon Two Justices to view such Tobacco and if one of 
the Justices and the Receiver shall Judge the Tobacco unfitt 
to be received they shall Cause the same Immediately to be 
burnt in their Sight. And if any Tobacco shall be offered by 
y« Receiver in payment to Discharge any Debts payable by 
him which shall be refused by the person to yhom it shall 
be so due It shall be Lawfull for such Creditor to apply himself 
to the next Justice who shall summon Two Freeholders and 
together with them shall view such Tobacco and if the Justice 
and one of the Freeholders shall judge the Tobacco to be unfitt 
to be paid they shall cause the same Immediately to be burnt 
in their Sight. 

That if the Receiver shall pay away one or more Hogsheads 
of Tobacco which shall be proved- to be bad he shall forfeit 



Double the Quantity paid away to the person to whom the bad 
Tobacco was paid — And if the Receiver shall be found Guilty 
of Offering Tobacco in payment a Second time which shall be 
ordered to be Burnt or of having paid away a Second time 
one Hogshead of bad Tobacco he shall be turned out of his 
place of Receiver and be incapable of holding any place of 
profitt for Three Years — 

That all Hogsheads of Tobacco paid away by the Receiver 
shall be marked with the County and Parish Mark — 

That all Publick Creditors shall put an Account of their Debts 
into the hands of the Receiver before the Last day of Novem- 
ber Yearly (Othervv-ise he shall not be accountable for them 
that year) and the Receiver shall give notice to each Debtor 
of what he demands from them before the last Day of December 
and that each Debtor shall bring what Tobacco he is to pay 
to the place appointed for Receiving before the Last day of 
February — 

That if any Debtor after such Notice Given shall neglect 
or refuse to bring his Tobacco to the place of Receiving before 
the last day of February It shall be LawfuU for the Receiver 
to make Distress for y« Same at the charge of the Debtor— 
That the Receiver shall allow to Each Debtor by way of 
Discount all the Creditt he hath in the Publick Levy- 
That the Receiver shall pay at the place of Receiving all the 
Publick Debts by him Received to the Respective persons 
to whom the same shall be due before the Last day of March 
or in failure therein shall forfeit Three times the Summe of 
Tobacco due to be recovered by due Course of Law — 

That if a creditor to whom one or more Hogsheads of To- 
bacco is owing Shall for Ten days after the Last day of March 
Neglect to receive it the Receiver may then weigh the Tobacco 
and mark the Hogshead which from that time shall Lie at the 
Risque of the creditor who shall pay Storage for the same 
According to Law And if the Tobacco due to the Creditor 
be of Less Quantity than will make a Hogshead it shall be 
Weighed and sett apart and lye at the risque of the Creditor 
who shall pay the Storage for the first Three Months and one 
penney for every Month after — 



That the Debtor shall be allowed by way of Discount by 
the Receiver five pounds out of every £110 of Tobacco for 
all Tobacco by the Debtor to be brought for Country County 
and Parish Levys and five pounds out of every £100 of To- 
bacco to be brought for Quitt rent Governor Dues Secretaries 
Sheriffs and Clerks Fees — 

That the Receiver be allowed £5 out of every £105 of 
Tobacco brought to him for Country County and Parish Levys 
and £5 for every £95 of Tobacco brought to him for Quitt 
rents Governors dues Secretarys Sheriffs and Clerks Fees for his 
Sallary for receiving the same — 

That the Receiver be allowed £5 for every £105 of Tobacco 
by him to be paid away for Country County and Parish Levys 
and £5 for every £95 of Tobacco by him to be paid away for 
Quitt rents and Governor dues And £15 for every £90 of 
Tobacco by him to be paid away for Secretary's Sheriffs and 
Clerks Fees for his Sallary for takeing care of and paying 
away the said Tobacco — 

That the Receiver shall not be obliged to put more than 
£750 of Tobacco nor shall put Less than £550 of Tobacco 
in a Hogshead and that he be allowed Thirty pounds of Tobacco 
or three Shillings of Current Money for every Cask paid away 
by him at the Choice of the Buyer And that the Receiver allow 
for every cask paid to him Thirty pounds of Tobacco or Three 
Shillings of Current Money at his choice — 

That the Receiver shall at his proper charge Build or provide 
himself houses Convenient for Storage for all Tobacco to be 
received by him in Such places as Shall be appointed and upon 
the Deathe of such Receiver or Removal from his Office 
such Buildings shall be viewed and valued and the person 
Succeeding in Such Office shall pay for the same According 
to such Valuation and that the Receiver be allowed for Cooperage 
for every Hogshead paid away by him on the Accounts above 
mentioned One Shilling Current Money or £10 of Tobacco 
to be paid by the person takeing the Same away — 

That if any person who Shall buy Tobacco shall before he 
buy the same agree with the seller in writing that the Tobacco 
shall be carryed to the Storehouse of some Publick Receiver 



that then the Seller shall be obliged to cany the same thither 
and shall be allowed five pounds of Tobacco for every hundred 
pounds of Tobacco he shall carry which he may Discount with 
the buyer and there shall then be paid to the Receiver five 
Shillings Current Money for every Hogshead or £10 for every 
Hundred potinds of Tobacco so carried for his sallary for re- 
ceiving takeing care of and paying away such Tobacco by the 
person who shall carry the same away — 

That if any Tobacco whatsoever which shall be offered in 
payment shall be refused and the person refusing the same 
shall desire to have it received that the Publick Receiver of 
the Parish when the payment is offered and Two Justices be 
ordered to view the same And if any two of them shall Judge 
the Tobacco to be bad they shall cause it immediately to be 
burnt in their sight — 

That no person whatever shall receive Tobacco for any other 
person before he hath taken an oathe before a Justice and ob- 
tained a Certificate thereof that he will Carefully and honestly 
according to the best of his Skill view and Examine all Tobacco 
which he shall receive and that if any Tobacco which shall 
be offered to him to receive shall be by him refused he shall 
give Notice thereof to the next Justice who with one other 
Justice and the Next Publick Receiver shall view the Tobacco 
and if two of them shall Judge the Tobacco to be bad it shall 
immediately be burnt in their sight — 

Upon which Proposalls It is the Opinion of this Com*^« 
that a Bill be prepared and brought in and that the sd Act 
Intitled an Act concerning the collection of the publick and 
County Levy & for the better payment of the same to the re- 
spective Creditors therein concerned be repealed and that so 
much of the sd Act Intitled an Act for the better support 
and maintenance of the Clergy and of the sd Act Intitled an 
Act for improveing the Staple of Tobacco & for Regulating 
the size and Tare of Tobacco hogsheads as relates to any 
matter or thing in the said Proposalls sett forth and con- 
teined be also repealed 

J. E. Clayton Clerk of Coun^^^. 


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1701 An Accompt of Severall Charges for which — 

£ s p 

To Severall Charges and Expenses relateing to 

ve Pyrates - - 17-00-00 

To James Darbyshire for handcuffes or Manacles 

for y« Pyrates as by Acct. - - 10—00—00 

To Paid for taking of three Pyrates who Escaped.. 60—00—00 

To Geo. Norzworthy Gent..... 03—00—00 

To Geo. Wafts Claimes.- - 04—15—00 

To Capt. Moore 's Claim 250 lbs Tob 'o..... - 

To 2 years & 3^ Rent for the Council Chamber.... 20—00—00 

To other disbursem'ts and Expend 'tre for the 

Same.. - - 21-03-03 

To paid Mr. John Walker of King & Queen 10—00—00 

250 lbs Tob 'o and 140-08-03 
1699 The Publick is D^^ Ect. 

To the Indian Interpretors 2 lodgings 00—01—00 

To 13 Indians Each a diet - 00—09—09 

July 1700 To the Kiquotan post 4 lodgings 00—02—00 

Aug. 4^^ To 4 lodgings. - 00—02—06 

Sept. 4*^ To 4 men from potomack f ' expenses 02—05-4/^ 

To 2 Muttons by the Presidents order 01 04— 0 


Errors Excepted by nee Tho. Wells 
File "Mostly before 1776" 

Orders and Instructions for Joseph Bannister Com- 
manding THE Spy Boat Jenny & Mary 1711. 

You are during your continuance in this Service to Sail 
every morning wind and weather permitting to ye Capes for 
discovering if approache of any of the Enemy ships of War 



and at night to return constantly to point Comfort and there 
came to an anchor within the Battery — 

You are to take under your charge all the tools & materials 
employed about raising y'' battery at point — Comfort, and 
for that purpose to appoint one man out of y^ Crew under y« 
com^ to keep guard by night at y« end of y« s^ Battery and to 
care that y® s"^ Guard be constantly relieved evry hour — 

In case you Discern any of the Enemey's Ships of war 
standing towards this coast you are v/ith all speed to informe 
Mr. Geo. Walker y* of, and if you find y« Enemy so near that 
they may be like to get up y^ River before you can communi- 
cate y^ alarm you are to hoist an Ensign or Jack at y® Top- 
mast-head as soon as you think it can be perceived from y* 
Shore and keep firing minates untill you observe y® Country 
has taken the alarm — 

If the Enemy come within y*' Capes you are with y'^ men under 
y"" Command to repair to y® Battery at point Comfort and 
there to get y® great guns in a readiness for y® defense of the 
River untill you receive a Reinforcemen* of the militia & then 
you are to continue to assist in plying the Great-Guns & to 
receive orders from y® Chief militia officer there present — 

And for y® better guidance in this Service you are to follow 
such orders as you shall receive from Coll. Walker or Mr. 
Nicholas Curie 

File "Mostly before 1776" 

Alex"" Spotswood his Mat'tys Lieut. Governor Com'^^'" 
IN Cheif of the Colony & Dominion of Virginia & 
Rector of the College of William and Mary 
To Nicholas Curle, Gent. Greeting — 

Whereas the Commissioners of her Maj 'tys Customs on con- 
sideration of the frauds and abuses frequently committed 
in the Collection and payment of the duty of a penny per pound 
on tobacco Exported out of this Colony to her Maj 'tys plan- 
tations have thought fitt to permitt the Governors of the 
College of William and ]\Iary to whom, y'' duty is granted 



by Charter to nominate and appoint Comptrollers for the 
better managing & receiving the s*^ duty — I do therefore in 
pursuance of the said Permission hereby nominate & appoint 
you to be Comptroller of the said duty within the Lower 
District of James River And you are accordingly hereby em- 
powered and authorized for and in behalf of y« s^ College to 
provide a Chest or Cask with two locks and Keys one of w''^' 
to be kept by you & the other by the Collector of the said 
District and to take care that all the money arising by the said 
•duty be duly put and lodged therein from time to time 
and in case any part of the said duty be paid in Tobacco you 
are in like manner to take care that y« same be lodged in a 
proper store house under y« same security of locks and Keys 
until you can dispose thereof for y« benefitt of y« s^ College 
And you are at y« end of each quarter to return to me or the 
Rector of this College for the time being an exact acct of all 
the Cash or tobacco in your charge arising by the s^ Duty and 
for the further preventing of any fraudulent practices in the s^ 
collector I do strictly charge & require that no permitt be granted 
for lading Tobacco for the plantation — 

And for y"" due acting all & Singular the premisses this 
shalbe y' warrant — Given under my hand & Seal this 30^^ 
day of August 1711 and y« 10*^ year of her Majsty Reign— 

I do "further direct that at y« same time you transmitt y"" 
quarterly losses to y^ Com's of y« Customs you also transmitt 
to them an acct. of the penny per pound according to the 
scheme used by the collector — File "mostly before 1776" 

The Battery at Point Comfort, 1711 
To Mr. Clark 

For the better carrying on & perfecting the Battery and other 
worke at Point Comfort I do hereby authorize & impower 
Major Wm Armstead Mr. Nicholas Curie Capt. Francis 
Ballard Capt Jno. Moor & Mr. Geo. Walker jointly & Sever- 
ally to inspect order and command the pioniers and workmen 



employed in y« s<i service and to give such directions for the 
more speedy finishing y« same as they shall find convenient— 

Thereby requiring all y« s^ workmen to obey and follow the 
orders they shall receive from them or either of them, as they 
will answer the contrary at their perill— 

Given under my hand this 30*^ day of August 17M-Fil^* 
' ' mostly before 1776 

(To be Continued) 




(From vState Auditor's Papers, now in State Library.) 

[Among the papers and books transferred from the Auditor's 
'Office to the Library are a number of loose sheets, which are 
evidently the pages of an account book from which the covers 
have dropped. The first page, dated 1781, is evidently out 
of place, as the pa3mients for services in the State forces during 
the Revolution begun in 1775. The book, like the ' ' Militia 
Book," printed some years ago in this Magazine, supplies 
many names and details.] 

D' The Paymaster of the State Troops — 


November — To Goods purchased at York and 
delivered to Capt. Tho" Hamilton 
for the use of the Officers in Col'o 
Dabneys Regiment their being 24 
of them at £20 Curr'y each.. ..480 

To ditto paid Capt. Armstead for 
the use of 11 officers in Maj'' Nel- 
sons Corp of Cavalry at £20 
curr'y each — 220 .. 

To ditto taken up by Maj^ Pryor 
for % of Capt. Boune.. 21 10 

To ditto paid Capt. Edw^ Travis 
& Richard Bairon for themselves 
& officers of the Navy at the 
same allowance with the officers of 
y« Army— £143-15-4 with 25 pc 
advance — 179 14 2 

To ditto paid Capt. Lilly 20 

To ditto paid Lieut. Valentine .. 20 .. . 



Act. for. To ditto paid Maj^ DeCannon - 20 

To ditto paid Gary Wyatt 20 

To ditto paid Lieut* Hardyman..._ 20 

To ditto paid Gapt. Eleizer Gal- 
lender..... - - 20 11 6 

To ditto paid Gapt. Roan of the 

State Artillery.. 20 

To ditto paid Gol'o Richard An- 
derson 20 13 10 

To ditto paid Gapt. Greer p order ... 12 10 

Act. for. To Gol'o Meriwether - 20 

To Doc*' Mathew Pope 20 

The United States of America in acct. with the Gommon 
Wealth of Virginia— 


September 21 To Gash paid John Markham for 
pay of his Gompany raised in 
Ghesterfield Gounty 13 13 4 

Ditto paid Gapt. John Green for 15 
Rifles purchased for use of his 
Gompany..-. - 75 75 

Ditto paid Gol'o William Wood- 
ford his pay as a Gol 'o in the Ser- 
vice. - 7^ 7^ 

22 Ditto paid Major Francis Eppes his 

pay as Major in the Service.- 30 

Ditto paid Col'o Patrick Henry his 

pay as Colonel in the vService.-. 75 

29 Ditto paid Thomas Btillit as Adju- 
tant General in the Service - 37 10 

Ditto paid Edward Snickers for use 
of Edward McGuire for Provi- 
sions to Capt. Nevills Company.- 56 7 

Ditto paid Ditto for use of Ditto 
for advance pay to Capt. Ne- 
vill's Company - 18 10 



Ditto paid Ditto for use of William 
Campbell for 22 Rifles furnished 
Ditto-__- 99 

Ditto paid Ditto for Repairing 

Arms for the public 1 

30 Ditto paid Thomas Davis his pay 
as Deputy Adjutant to the 1^* 
Regiment— 18 

Ditto paid Col 'o Charles Scott my 
allowance as Lieut. Col'o of the 
2^ Regiment 7 10 

Ditto paid William Finnic his ex- 
penses in collecting Arms Etc - 20 

October 3 Ditto paid Charles Washington for 
Salt Petre & Sulphur fiunished 
: the Public - - 11 18 21^ 

Ditto paid Charles Scott for Sundry 

Arms Purchased for Public 29 3 9 

4 Ditto paid Edmund Pendleton Esq' 
on Account Lux & Bowley for the 
purchase of Sundry necessaries 
for the Army £500 Ster. Exchange 
33^ p. cent ... .......666 13 4 

Ditto paid Thomas Harris for re- 
pairing Arms..... 1 - - 

5 Ditto paid George Lyne advance 
pay for his Company of Minute 

Men - 62 15 

Ditto paid James Stewart for mail- 
ing gun sticks for Capt. Lyne's 
Company.. 18 }/2 

10 Ditto paid Edward Roberts for a 

pair Bellows and vice for PubUc 

use --- 11 2 6 

11 Ditto paid Alexander Spotswood as 

Major of the 2^ Regiment - 30 

Ditto paid Robey Cocke for making 

112 gun sticks for Public use ... 2 16 



Ditto paid Thomas Bowles for re- 
pairing Arms for Capt. Lyne's 
Company 2 4 

Ditto paid Thomas Goode for 
Thomas Proper for pay of Volun- 
teers under his Command 39 

12 Ditto paid John Baggit for waggon 

hire in Public Service. 7 16 

14 Ditto paid George Brooke for use of 
John Harewood Provisions to 
Capt. Seayre's Company - 4.. 

Ditto paid William Taliaferro for 

arms purchased for his Company- 36 - 

Ditto Chas. Scott for Sundry Mus- 
kets - - 38 10 

Ditto paid Mathew Phipp for 675 

gun powder.. 169 5 6 

Ditto paid Ditto his Attendance on 

Committee of Safety.-. .- 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Capt. Thomas 

Matthews attendance on Ditto.... 1 10 .... 

16 Ditto paid Alexander Perdie for a 

horse for public use — 55 

Ditto paid Edward Warrin for 
Victualling Captain Parkers 
Comxpany 3 4 4 

Ditto paid James Murdaiegh for 
Salt Petre and Sulphur fur- 
nished the public 47 9 11 

Ditto paid William Chewan on Ex- 
press from Philadelphia 9 

1 7 Ditto paid Thomas Cuthrie for Pro- 

visions furnished Cap* Parker's 
Company 30 

18 Ditto paid George Purdie for Sul- 

phur furnished the Public... 13 13 

Ditto paid Thomas Wild for Diette 

Etc furnished Volunteers .... 5 16 




Ditto paid Capt. William Mitchell 

for pay of York Militia 18 9 

19 Ditto paid John Clayton for a Rifle 

gun - 4 10 . 

Ditto paid Dixon & Hunter for 
Fifes furnished the Mecklenburg 
M. Men.„ 4 4 

Ditto paid William Finnic for Ex- 
penses in Collecting Pubhc Arms.. 20 .... 

Ditto'- paid John Harrison for a 

Musket furnished the Public 1 15 

20 Ditto paid Thomas Bowne for Mrs. 

Gibbons Provisions to Capt. 

Lyne 's Company 3 7 

Ditto paid William Keese for Mrs. 
Camp Dietting part of Capt. 
Green 's Company - - 1 — - 

21 Ditto paid James Mercer for Doc- 

tor Mortimore Medicine for use 
Caroline Battallion 19 19 

Ditto paid Thomas Skinner for 

Sundry Expenses 3 9 

Ditto paid John Green Ballance of 
his Account for recruiting pay 
and provisions furnished his Com- 
pany......... .117 10 

Ditto paid George Nicholas for Ex- 
pense of Collecting and Repair- 
ing Arms 20 .... 

Ditto paid William Taliaferro his 
account for Recruiting pay Pro- 
visions Etc. furnished his Com- 
pany 32 10 

23 Ditto paid Thomas Russel for a 
Horse purchased on public Ac- 
count 33 10 

Ditto paid John Fitzgerald for 
Stores to Capt. Johnston Com- 
pany 38 4 


Ditto paid Stephen Field for Sun- 
drys furnished Capt. Lynes Com- 
pany 3 


October 23 To cash paid James Scott for Sun- 
dries advanced his Minute Men.... 37 19 7 

Ditto paid John Ashby for hire of 
Captain Ashby 's waggon Cul- 
peper Batallion - - 3 8 9 

Ditto paid Wells Cowper for Sun- 
dries purchased for Nan 'od Batt 44 4 

24 Ditto paid James Madison for 
Col'o Madison for Collecting 
Arms.- -- -- 20 

Ditto paid George Muter for a 

Musket- --- 4 

Ditto paid Christopher Blackburn 

as Adjutant to the 2nd Regiment 18 

Ditto paid Robert Hart for 4 pair 

Dnmi Sticks & Repairing 3 Drums .... 17 

Ditto paid Richard Parker Jan. 
Ballance of his Account for Re- 
cruiting Expenses & Money ad- 
vanced his Company 45 12 2J^ 

26 Ditto paid WiUiam Page upon ac- 

count as PubHc Express... 15 

Ditto paid EHas Edmonds for Armes 
Purchased by order of Commit- 
tee Safety - 10 7 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms pur- 
chased of Joseph Scott 7 7 6 

27 Ditto paid Martin Soggins for a 

Rifle Gun furnished the Public- 
Service - 4 10 

Ditto paid Sarah Camp for Pro- 
visions Etc to Capt. Parker 
Company — -- 12 4 



Ditto paid Thomas Harris upon 

account as Public Smith..-- 1 10 

Ditto paid John Gardner upon Ac- 
count for Horse Hire. 10 

Ditto paid William Finnic for 

Arms Purchased for the Public.-..- 18 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Trouble and 

Expense in Collecting Arms 25 

28 Ditto paid Jane Tobe for Victuall- 
ing Captain Greens Company .... 18 17 

Ditto paid Ditto for Express Hire 

on Public Account 2 5 

Ditto paid Robert Woolfork upon 
Account for Dietting Cap* 

Greens Company .- — - 2 

- Ditto paid Foushee Tibbs for Salt 

Petre & Sulphur for Public use. 15 5 

30 Ditto paid James Barron for Ex- 

penses to & from Hampton with 
Prisoners. 1 15 6 

31 Ditto paid Thomas Claiboume 

upon Account for Express Hire 6 4 6 
Ditto paid John Baldwin for con- 
veying Arms from Amelia. 3 10 

November 1 Ditto paid WilHam Frazier for 
Dieting & Ferriges to Cap* 

Sayers Company...... — - ^ ^ '^/^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ferriges Etc to 

Cap* Parkers Company 7 6 

Ditto paid Edwin Gray for Arms 

purchased for Public use 42 15 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for David Allen 
for a Rifle furnished Cap* Fon- 
taines Company - -- ^ - - 

Ditto paid William Frazier Jun^ 
Leroy Hughlet for Waggoning 
and Expenses to the Culpeper 
Battallion H 1^ 



November 1 To cash paid Richard Hampton for 
Waggonage Etc to Culpepper 

Battallion - 11 10 - 

Ditto paid Robert Coke for Gun 

Sticks furnished the Public 3 7 6 

2 Ditto paid George Johnson for 
Arms & other necessaries fur- 
nished his Company 200 

Ditto paid Thomas Laughton for 
Provisions furnished his Com- 
pany Cap 'n Hears [ ?] 55 10 

Ditto paid Jacob Cews for a 

Musket the Company. 3 10 

Ditto paid Drury Ragsdale for 
Arms and Hunting Shirts pur- 
chased for his Company.- 102 12 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for one months 

advance pay to his Company 253 

4 Ditto paid John Taylor one Months 
pay as Quartermaster 2^ Regi- 
ment 9 - 

Ditto paid Alexander Spottswood 
for a horse purchased by Col'o 

Henry for Public Service 22 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Sundry Ex- 
penses. ... - 10 9 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for a Dnmi pur- 
chased for Cap* Johnsons Com- 
pany 2 7 6 

Ditto paid John Jameson for Sun- 
dry s furnished his Minute Com- 
pany. 24 10 6 

Ditto paid William McClanahan 
for Sundries furnished his Minute 

Company 16 4 7^ 

Ditto paid Walter Lenox for Board 

vSick Soldiers 9 7 4^ 



Ditto paid Christopher Blackbiim 
for Sundries purchas^ by me as 
Adjutant to the 2^ Regiment 1 6 

Ditto paid Joseph Spencer for Sun- 
dries furnished his Company 
Minute Men...... 39 1 

Ditto paid WilHam Christian as 

Lieu* Col'o to the first Regiment- 37 10 

5 Ditto paid Mathew Jouett upon 
Account as Quarter Master to 
the Regiment 9 

Ditto paid CoVo WilHam Wood- 
ford for Sundries purchased for 
the use of the Public—.. 43 7 

Ditto paid Ditto for Expenses to 

Hampton for Public Service. 1 .-. 

7 Ditto paid Emjuanuel Jones for a 

Musket Sold for Public use.; 2 10 

Ditto paid Captain John Williams 
for Sundries furnished his Minute 
Company .— -- - 25 6 

Ditto paid Sampson Mathews for 
gun Blankets & Cash lent Cap- 
tain Fountain for the use of his 
Company RegTilars -101 9 

Ditto paid Christopher Blackburn 

for a Horse Killed in the Service.. . 20 

Ditto paid Captain Will 'm Pickett 
for Services furnished his Com^- 
pany Minute Men 38 19 8 

Ditto paid William Blackwell for 
Services furnished his Company 
Minute Men 38 1 6 


November 7 To cash paid Garland Bumley for 
Ser\dces furnished his Company 
(Capt. Payne) 22 16 3 



Ditto paid John Glutton for Sun- 
dries furnished his Company 

Minute Men 30 7 .... 

8 Ditto paid William Deane for 

Guns &c Sold the Public 6 16 

Ditto paid Thomas Gamp for Ex- 
pense in looking for Stray Horses 
G. Batt'n 1 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for James Branon 

for the Same Service 1 10 ..- 

Ditto paid Gaptain Richard K. 
Meade balance of his recruiting 
account ^ 13 

Ditto paid Ditto for a Drum Pur- 
chased of Doctor Thomas Bland.. 5 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions 

furnished by John Young 1 11 10 

Ditto paid Gharles Bruce for 2 

Rifles -- - 11 

Ditto paid Andrew Meade for the 
use of Y/ills Groper for his Ex- 
penses in escorting & carriage of 
Gun Powder 45 

Ditto paid John Austin for a Fire- 
lock furnished the Public 2 10 ' 

Ditto paid G. Plughes for Guth^ 

Hubard for Dietting Gapt. Da- 
vis's Gompany - 42 .. .... 

Ditto paid G. Markham for Guns 
Purchased for Gaptain Goodes 

Gornpany.... - 53 18 6 

Ditto paid Ditto upon Account for 

one Months pay to said Gompanyl29 

Ditto paid Gaptain Randolph for 1 
Months pay of his Gompany 

Minute Men - 121 

Ditto paid Ditto for Guns Pur- 
chased for said Gom.pany 37 14 9 



Ditto paid Presly Nevil for sun- 
dries furnished the Army of John 
Nevill - 13 19 

Ditto paid Lawrence Taliaferro for 
Sundries furnished the C. Ba- 
talHon 20 00 

Ditto paid George Lyne for pay 
Etc. of his Company Minute 
Men - 113 18 

Ditto paid Phill TaHaferro for 
Ferriages of Captain Symes 
Company Minute Men 1 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for P. TaHaferro 
for Ferriages of Capt. Symes Co. 
Minute Men - 3 12 

Ditto paid H. Todd for Medicine 
and attendance on Capt. Symes 
Co --- 28 .... 

Ditto paid Ditto for Express Hire 10 

9 Ditto paid John Tabb esquire for 
use of Mess" Bosher & Giles for 
Arms Purchased by them for the 
use of the Country _ 82 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for Messrs. Isaac 
& Thomas Reade their trouble 
in Collecting Arms for the Public 

use 15 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for a Rifle fur- 
nished by James Tilford 5 — . 


November 9 To cash paid Paul Carrington for 
Arms purchased by Thomas & 
Isaac Read - 42 .... 

Ditto paid John Taylor for a Horse 

Etc. on Account of the PubHc 1 13 

Ditto paid George Brooke for Car- 
tridges furnished the Army by 
Capt. Nicholas 7 8 



Ditto James Carter for Medicines 
furnished the CulpeperBatallion.. 25 10 8 

Ditto paid John Banister for Sun- 
dries furnished Cap* Meads Com- 
pany.- 78 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms fur- 
nished the Public 35 

1 0 Ditto paid James Scott for Sundries 
fimiished his Company Minute 
Men - - 3 10 ..... 

Ditto paid Robert Pollard for Sun- 
dries furnished himself as Ad- 
jutant - 1 ^ 

Ditto paid William McClanahan 
for Simdries furnished his Com- 
pany 5 15 10 

Ditto paid Walter Lenox p. Order 

of Col 'o Henry 5 - 

Ditto paid John Williams Jr. for 
Arms & Hunting Shirts for his 

Company. ^ 

(To be Continued) 




(Library of Congress.) 

[Captain Roger Jones came to Virginia with Lord Culpeper, 
was for some years prominent in the Colony, but returned to 
England, where he died. He had several children, among 
them Col. Thomas Jones of Williamsburg, Va. The last named 
married Feb. 4, 1725, Elizabeth, widov/ of William Pratt of 
Gloucester Co., Va., and daughter of Dr. Wm. Cocke, Sec- 
retary of State of Va., and his wife Elizabeth Catesby sister of 
Mark Catesby, the naturalist. Mrs. Cocke married secondly 
John Holloway, long Speaker of the House of Burgesses. In 
a most unusual way the papers of this family have been kept 
intact and a great mass of them descended to Judge L. H. 
Jones of Louisville, Ky. Judge Jones used some of these 
documents in preparing a valuable history of the family, of 
which two editions have been issued. It would almost seem 
that no letter written or received by any member of the family 
for several generations, and no business paper belonging to 
them has ever been lost. Judge Jones has given his family 
papers to the Library of Congi-ess. Of course they afford 
most valuable information in regard to many phases of co- 
lonial life. The members of the family were people of large 
estates and high social standing in the Colony and later the 
family produced such men as Dr. Walter Jones, Member of 
Congress, Major General Roger Jones, U. S. A., Commander 
Catesby ap. R. Jones, C. S. A., of Virginia fame. Brig. 
Gen'l Roger Jones, U. S. A., and General Walter Jones of 
Washington, D. C. It is a pleasure to note that several 
younger members of the family are keeping up its traditions 
by promptly entering into active ser\nce in the present war.] 



Catesby Cocke (1) to his Sister Mrs. Pratt. 

Stafford 17*^ ffebruary 1724 
My Dear Sister I shall be very glad when this sl^all acquit 
me of a promise I made of writing to you when we parted 
that is, in short, I shall be glad when you receive my Letter 
that I may the sooner have an answer but you must Excuse 
this roundabout way of writing as coming from a very barren 
place and where without that and indeed with it I shall hardly 
be able to make my Letter as full as the Friendship between us 
requires, which by the way you may take as a Hint of what I 
expect from you. 

I believe you'll thmk it strange that your Brother of all 
people in the World should turn Critick & in Dress but that 
I '11 leave to your own Judgment till I shall see you to justify 
my self in some prodigious accounts of what my Travels 
have aforded and to that Time I'll leave it for if the picture 
should be seen, it would too easily discover the Original & 
the Carriage of Letters in Virginia is well known not to be al- 
ways safe tho I am at present as innocent of the person that may 
carry this as you are and I'm satisfied always have been of 
those I just now spoke of. In my Journey to Westmoreland 
I lay at Colo. Tayloes (2) and there saw Mrs. Chiswell [?] 
they live in a very genteel manner and both Tayloe & his lady 
are as agreeable people as I know and seem to be as happy 
in each other as their Neighbors are in them. They have three 
Children, the youngest as fine a Child as ever I saw & a very 
pretty wel -behave d Girl which I am certain you of all people in 

(1) Catesby Cocke, son of Dr. William Cocke. He was bom Sept. 1702, 
and lived first in Staflord and afterwards at "Belmont" in what is now 
Fairfax county. He married and left several children. The "poem" 
he refers to was evidently by some local rhymster, and contained per- 
sonal hits which had caused much talk in the adjoining counties of 
the Northern Neck. "Young Col. Hooe," was one of the two or 
three Rice Hooes living about that time. Elizabeth Lunn or Land 
was married on Dec. 22, 1726, to Townshend Washington. The Alex- 
ander family had becomie numerous in this section by the first quarter 
of the Eighteenth Century. Catet^by Cocke's familiarity with Pilgrim's 
Progress is worth noting. Betty Pratt was a daughter of Mrs. Jones 
by her first marriage. 

(2) Col. Tayloe was John Tayloe, the first, of "Mt. Airy." Mrs. Chis- 
well was the wife of Charles Chiswell, whose iron works William Byrd 
visited on his "Trip to the Mines." 



the world will allow the surest way to make harmony last. Mrs. 
Mason sends her service to you, she has a fine little prating Girl 
& a Boy about the age of Billy. If this should light into other 
hands I shall be taken for a fine gossip but the pleasure I know 
you have always taken in such discourse since you have been a 
mother makes me mention these things and as such I am apt 
to think you'll receive it, tho' I must own the same from you 
would give me the greatest satisfaction whether it relates to 
our own family, which I desire you would gratify me in by a 
full accoimt of my niece and nephews. 

As soon as I came hither I heard from people who pretended 
to know it that'R admires itself beyond any Letter in the 
alphabet tho I cou'd have told 'em theres another with the same 
sound which might possibly in some measure take from it the 
admiration of its own pretty self. I expect to have the issue 
of that and things of the like nature. 

My sendee to Mr. Secretary and all the family. 

I am my Dear Sister's affectionate Brother & most obedient 
and Humble Servant 

Catesby Cocke 

Wednesday 22— ffebruary, 1724 . 

I received last night Letters from my Mother & Sister 
Nanny which I take for your Reason of not writing at the same 
Time & I hope hereafter will be received as a good excuse for 
me when I only write to one of the ffamily tho' I shall 
take all occasions of writing to more when I can furnish my 
Self with Matter. I beg you would make my excuse to Mr. 
Robertson & my Sister Nanny for not writing it now being 
Night and to Morrow I shall set out early for Westmoreland 
when I expect an Opportunity of sending this to you. 

I heartily pity the Inhimian usage of some people ab't 
120 miles from hence but other people best know the Cause— 
and to my Dear once more bid you heartily farewell & as 

C. C. 



Catesby Cocke to his Sister Mrs. Thomas Jones. 

Stafford 25*^ October 1726 


The Civilities I received from my Brother & yourself whilst 
I staid in Town were sufficient to engage a formal acknowledg- 
ment but I suppress that purely from an Opinion I have of 
your merit which scorns to be flattered and a mortal aversion 
of my own to all set speeches. For these reasons I rather 
chuse to make the inclosed Poem my subject, and that it may 
be read with the better gout, I shall endeavour to explain 
as much of it as comes within my knowledge. You have al- 
ready heard to whom the world stands indebted for this incom- 
parable piece, and therefore think it needless to speak further 
of the author, than that young Colo. Hooe besides the addi- 
tional Character of a poet, is at present the most compleat 
Orator & sow gelder within the King of Potomack 's Dominions. 
But to the purpose— ffrom the first Line v/herein he so passion- 
ately desires the use of Aaron's Breast plate and Soloman's 
Head piece, to his choice of a Text for a wedding sermon, 
which in my humble Opinion v/ou'd serve as well for a ffuneral, 
or the Poesie of a mourning Ring; he is exposing himself for the 
Dear sake of one EHz'a Lunn, a spinster in the Neighbourhood, 
whom it is supposed he takes notice of only to support a piece 
of Gallantry pretty much indulged by the Beaux Esprits of 
all ages. The person whom he hints at as a rival in several 
places particularly in the thirteenth verse, where he proclaims 
the Barreness of his Land on the River, is one Mr. Townshend 
Washington, a young gentlemen in this Neck of great Solidity, 
and forbears to resent the aspersion, either from a prudent 
Consideration that people violently affected with the^ passion 
may committ Extravagances they would avoid in their 
lucid Inter\-als, or that he has the Honour to call Mr. Hooe 
Cousin; But however free that Gentleman may make with 
his Relations, I am afraid the God of Battle,, who has by other 
poets always been represented as of too warm a Temper, will 
hardly take his Epithet of dulafyed for the intended Comple- 
ment; tho what that is, learned as I am, my Comment must be 



Silent. I shall only observe that she whom he incloses in the 
same stanza with Eliz, by the name of Nancy is Mrs. Ann 
Alexander . 

The present object of his ardent vows and by all regarded 
as the happy person destined to finish his siifferings. 

The Character of this Poem has with us at present is various, 
as the Relish of its Readers, and if I remember right, two 
Lines in Master John Bunians Proem to the Pilgrims Progress 
are not altogether inapplicable ; 

Som.e said John print it, others said no 
Some said it was good, and others said not so 
which with the Liberty of an Editor, I shall press as a motto 
to the Work. Colo. Ashton being asked his opinion very 
frankly and in the siAcerity of his Heart answered he hardly 
thought there was another in the whole County able to per- 
form the lilce; to which a Gentleman of my acquaintance 
replyed— Nor I, by G-d S S'^ in the whole Country. Thus 
have I given you what account I am capable of, and perhaps 
much more than you desire, though for that ee'n thank your 
self who set the stone rolling. 

Amongst our Childish Quarrels, I remember on Reflection 
your then little Ladyship would insult me with being slow, 
which was really unansvverable, till I discovered that not- 
withstanding your Expedition, the delay used to a Beginning 
frequently rendered that virtue almost ineffectual. Now I 
have for my part all my life tho ' to little purpose, endeavored 
an amendment in that particular, and if you would give me 
an opinion of your sincerity, either ingenuously acknowledge 
your fault six months hence, or by the first opportunity give 
me the satisfaction of seeing a reformation in you by answering 
my Letter. Pray give my humble service to Mr. Jones and my 
brother Billy, and tell Betty Pratt I often think of her, and 
hope she remxembers me & that I send her my kind love & 
Service, v/hich I suppose she will imagine but an indifferent 
return to her "Vat '11 you gi me tho" and therefore I desire 
when you write I may have some of her discourse on it, which 
I am persuaded will be entertaining enough. I will conclude 
this with my best wishes for you both, and Am my Dear 
Sister your truly affectionate Brother Catesby Cocke 



A Physician's Bill, 1747 

[The payment of the account of a Williamsburg doctor 
rendered to Thos. Jones, shows the old practice of the physician 
dispensing drugs as well as medical advice.] 

1747 Colo. Thomas Jones Dr 

£ s d 

•Sept. 19 To Antispasmodickjtilep to himself 2 6 

To two BHsters - - ^ - 

20 To the Julep 2 6 

21 To Do - 2 6 

23 To Stom.achick Decoction.. - 2 6 

24 To Do 2 6 

25 To 4 Febrifuge Boluses - 4 0 

26 To the Decoction with Additions 3 6 

27 To Do. 3 6 

To Pectoral Mixture 2 6 

30 To Do 2 6 

Nov. 11 To Em.etick Tincture 2 6 

To Purging Powder for his son 1 6 

13 To Attendance to himself 7 10 0 

21 To Paregorick Draught to his Son Catesby.. 

22 To Do 

25 To Do 

26 To Do 

27 To Do. 

28 To Do 

29 To Do 

30 To Purging Pills 

To the Draught 

Dec. 1 To Do 

To Oil of Sweet Almonds 

2 To Purging Pills & Draught 

3 To Restringent Tincture 

To A Draught 

4 To Do for Mr. Catesby 

To Purging Potion to Mr. Frederick 



5 To Draught for Mr. Catesby.— 

6 To Do for Do 

To Do for Do - - 

[This account was probably from Dr. Pasteur of WiUiams- 
burg. Catesby and Frederick were two of Col. Jones sons.] 

Thomas Jones (4) to Mrs. Pbatt. 
Dear Madam 

I was so well yesterday I was going to send you word my 
illness was so sensibly abated that (word illegible) hopes of 
having ye honor of Kissing your hands in a very short time, 
But I find it would only have been flattering myself with an 
imaginary happiness and disappointing you of a Visit so soon 
as my pretensions might (two words illegible) The vicissi- 
tudes of our human nature are such that we are not certain 
to day what will happen ye morrow, being applicable to my- 
self upon ye occasion I rose this morning as well as I could 
expect But about nine a Clock I had a return of my indispo- 
sition, which handled me with some severity till about three 
this afternoon, when I fell into a doze till about five, and am 
now toUerable easy. I take ye freedom of giving you this 
short account of my present state, because my friendship & 
affections in due community with my heart call upon me to 
pay my devoirs to you in such mannar as I am able to hope 
you will give me leave to conclude with assuring you that 
most affectionately I am madam 

Your most faithful & most obedient himible servant 
October ye 5, 1725 Thos: Jones 

(4) The letters which follow are some of those written by Col. Thos. 
Jones while wooing the widow Pratt. She was young, evidently at- 
tractive, and had other suitors. The reader will no doubt say, Was ever 
woman in such humor wooed." The details of a severe and trouble- 
some disease are not usually regarded as means of fascmatmg, but atter 
all, results are the thing. Col. Jones won the widow. 



Thomas Jones to Mrs. Pratt 


I am so firmly possessed with a duty incumbent upon me 
to you that 'tis hardly ever out of my thoughts yet when I 
take a pen in my hand I am so stupid I know not what to 
write as if the agreeable conceptions of my rmnd day after 
day had done their office & had forsaken me, tho the subject 
is so Elegant it would fill sheets of paper in Commendation 
of all its parts. But ends in a little billet with a do you by 
my poor nurse, a faint attempt to win the fair, but even if no 
more than that be acceptable it will be some comfort & shall 
only ad what ever is determined for me, that you may mjoy 
all ye Blessings Heaven has in store for ye best of its Creations 
with which conclusion most affectionately I am 

Dearest Madam 
October ye 7*^ Your m.ost faithful & most obedient 
1725 humble servant 

Thos. Jones 

I am now in hopes of mending every day having been pretty 
easy these two days 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Pratt 


I should wonder if ere this you are not tired with a Corres- 
pondence of this kind in giving you so fickle an acc't of myself, 
as sometimes that I am pretty \^ ell and at other times that I 
am worse, as it now happens, having had but little ease since I 
was honored with your last ans\\er (that you was very glad 
I had been easy these two days) I endeavour to bear my present 
afflictions, or rather the moderate Chastisements of my Creator 
with more Constancy of Mind than my Fortitude could sup- 
port m.e under with out assistance of his Providence which is 
always ready in time of need even under its own punishm.ents, 
to those that either deserve or ask the favour, among the last 



of which I place myself. It is in vain to repine or to deem my 
present circumstances unhappy. But if my Heart coiijd take 
a flight from ye imprisonment of a worthless Carcasse little 
better than dirt, it should whisper to you in your Slum^bers 
the truth of my soul, that you may be agreeably surprised 
with the Lustre of Celestial Visions surrounding you on every 
side with presents of joy & Comfort in one continued Sleep 
'till ye Sparkling Rays of ye Sun puts you in Mind with Him 
to Bless the Earth with your Presence then may contentm 't 
attend you as near in similitude as near as ever possible to 
those happy favourites of Heaven to which I shall only beg 
leave to ad that most affectionately I am 
Dearest Madam 

Your most faithful & most obedient 
Monday night humble servant 

seven a clock Thos. Jones 

Octob. yelV' 1725 

I have been pretty easy about an hour or two, how long I 
may continue so I am not certain. Adieu dearest protector of 
my happiness 


Thomas Jones to Mrs. Pratt 


I believe it is very natural for Persons of your humanity 
& goodness to have patite [?] desire to know ye Condition 
of their friends in whatever state of human life they are in. 
Indeed I am at a loss to describe mine, but at present so easy 
that I have at least hopes of a longer recess than when I gave 
you ye last trouble upon this occasion for about an hour after 
my Illness returned with some violence. It seems before ye 
Doctor proceeds any further on his part, he wants ye operation 
of Nature, who I am afraid will treat me veiy roughly, and 
who I suppose is taking her rounds this sickly time, this being 
the third day of her absence, but upon her next Visit they are 
to hold a consultation, to make a result (sic) upon my Case, 



by which I may suppose I am to wade through, Rivers of water 
gruel, & Chicken Broth strengthened with moUasses with no 
other support then ye yolks of four poached eggs once a day 
without bread or salt. Strictly observing these rules, you may 
believe I make it my choice to stay a little longer in this World, 
not with standing any construction my case will be as of 
mal<:ing preparations for another, & if any such conclusion 
could be made I should not blame you if you thought a man not 
for this World was not for your purpose, but as I hope my case 
is not so desperate, nothing shall be wanting in me to facilitate 
my recovery, & to make myself as easy as I can in everything 
that shall be decreed for me by m.y fate and you, whatever 
that may be. I wish you all the Comforts of this life and for 
ye next I beheve you have no occasion for them; which with 
my Petition to Heaven for your sweetest repose I beg leave to 
conclude with ye greatest respect, & most entire affection, & 
to assure you that I am 

Dearest Madam 
Thursday night Your most faithful & most obedient 
eight a clock humble servant 

October ye 14*^ 1725 Thos. Jones 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Pratt 


The reflection of my own thoughts to me is a sufficient 
conviction that you have but ("little" erased) reason to be 
pleased at so much nonsense as I have pestered you with from 
time to tim.e relating to myself, but as you are mistress of so 
many excellent qualities, I imagine your charity & good 
humor will screene m.e from any higher resentment than to 
laugh at my folly. I have not been very easy since Saturday 
when Nature made her first approaches from a Close retirement 
since Monday last, at first she appeared in a very sullen mood 
accepting me with her frowns & began ye dispute with very 
angry rebutes which held at times till this morning about 8 
a clock when she gave me a gracious smile & laid me in a 


sound sleep till eleven & now seems with great tenderness to 
favor my case, and I am resolved to give her no further pro- 
vocation at this time, restraining myself to chicken broth 
only, and shall take such care of my steps, that I do not dis- 
pair of paying you a visit in your little Paradise in a short time, 
at what I hope you will not be too much surprised because my 
appearance will be more like a Ghost from ye lower Regions, 
than an angel from above. You may judge Madam by the 
dullness of my stile, ye lowness of my condition as it really is, 
being reduced more with pain and abstinence than sickness, 
but as I have already apologized for troubling you with a sub- 
ject that may be so insignificant to you, I shall only ad that I 
hope your Joy and Comfort will be perpetual, and always equal 
to your worth & chams, which with my repeated assurance 
that most affectionately I am 

Dearest Madam 
Your most faithful and most obedient 
October ye 18*^ 1725 humble servant 

Monday night Thos. Jones 

Tenn a Clock 

(To be continued) 




Robert Hunt. 

(See XXV, 161, 162, 412-416.) 

It was stated in former notes that tracings of the signature of Robert 
Hunt from the parish books of Reculver, Kent, sent Us by Mr. E. D welly, 
had been misplaced. They have now been found and fac-similes are 
reproduced here. Comparison of these with the signatures from Heath- 
field already given show, beyond doubt, Robt. Hunt, Vicar of Recul- 
ver Vicar of Feathfield and minister at Jamestown, to have been one man. 
What the piety, courage and patience of this godly man meant to the suf- 
fering settlers at Jam.estown we can ne\er fully know; but we have enough 
glimpses from the words of contemporaries for us to be certain that his use- 
fulness was very great. It is hoped that when the war is over, Virginians 
may place on the twin towers of Reculver (if the savages have not de- 
stroyed them by air attacks) and in the Church at Heathfield, suitable 
memorials of reverence and gratitude. Mr. Dwelly, whose valuable re- 
cord publications have been noticed in our Magazine, wrote in 1914: "I 
saw the Vicar of Houth & Reculver yesterday & traced two typical signa- 
tures of Rev. Robert Himt for you, which I enclose. He was very consist- 
ent in his signature always keeping to Ro. or Rt. Hunt & the Hunt is 
practically the same all through. The name occurs very frequently in 
the Houth registers as he and the two churchwardens certify every page 
in the parchment copy which was made during his encumbency from 
the original entries on paper." 

ignatures from the Reculver Registers. 



Virginia State Archives. 

We are glad to report that the improvements in the Department of 
of Archives and History, as forecast in our October issue, have all been 
consummated; and the investigator now finds comfortable chairs and 
ample tables, while the scientific arrangement of the manuscripts moves 
forward rapidly, and it is hoped that the public will avail themselves 
of the resources of the Department, which are for the benefit of the 
public. The index to the Legislative Petitions (something over 20,000) 
is complete "by counties"; and as soon as remaining scattered items 
are assembled (the total then approximating 25,000), the subject-index 
and the index "by initial petitioners" will be begun. The "Archival 
Apprentices" from Westhampton College this year number eleven, each 
of whom give at least two and one-third hours' work in the Department 
each week, in return for the archival training given them by the Archivist. 

Virginia Coffee House, London. 

In response to a recent inquiry in our Magazine as to the location of 
the Virginia Coffee House, London, Professor Charles M. Andrews, of 
Yale, kindly sends the following: 

As to the Virginia Coffee House in London. It was in Michael's Lane, 
Comhill, (Broad Street Ward), which as I take it was the lane running 
south from Comhill by St. Michaels Church and yard. It may have been 
the shorter alley between that lane and Birchins Lane, but I think not. 
Lockie, in his Topography of London, says that St. Michael's Alley 
(probably the same as St. Michael's Lane) was seven or eight doors east 
from Birchins Lane and that it ran through to Lombard Street. The 
name is on Collin gridge's Directory Map of London, 1889, given to the 
street next to the church, and probably is still used, though I have no up- 
to-date map detailed enough to show it. Baedeker does not help. I 
enclose a drawing based on Maitland's Ward Map. The only doubt 
is as to the identification of St. Michael's Lane with St. Michael's Alley, 
but I think that we are safe in assuming the two to mean the same street. 
Just where the house was on the street I do not know. The Jamaica 
Coffee House was also in Comhill. 

I think the statement should be added that there is a St. Michael's 
Lane running south from Great Eastcheap, the second street south from 
Comhill toward the river. Inasmuch as this is called "Lane" and the 
other "Alley" some might think it more likely that the Coffee House 
was there. But the style of the address renders such a location seem- 
ingly impossible. No one writing to a coffee house on this street would 



add "Cornhill" to the address. Such an address as "Virginia Coffee 
House, Michael's or St. Michael's Lane, Cornhill" can mean but one 
thing, a street running off from Cornhill or located in Cornhill Ward. 
The other lane did neither; it ran off from Eastcheap and was located 
Candle wick Ward. 

Neighborhood of the Virginia Coffee House 

Yeardley— Flowerdewe, &c. 
This genealogy is completed for the present. 


Angelina Winston married Pichegru Woolfolk. Their daughter 
Gabriella Woolfolk married May 31, 1843, Gabriel Gait Williamson, 
(b. 1803, d. Oct. 16, 1859), Commander of U. S. S. Fulton. 

I am anxious to have information on the parentage and ancestry of 
Angelina Winston. 

Will you kindly publish this inquiry in the Virginia Magazine of His- 
tory and Biography? 

115 E. Rich St., Columbus, O. 




I note in yoiir issue of January, 1917, Volume XXV, No. 1 you state 
a correspondent writes you as follows: 

"I have read your article in Volume XXI IT, page 97, concerning the 
Washington family into which my great-great-grandfather, Thomas 
Berry of Berry Plain, King George County, Virginia had m.arried." 

My ancestor, Captain Thomas Berry (my great-great-grandfather) 
was bom and reared at Berry Plain, King George County, Virginia and 
my grandmother, Lucinda Kercheval, was the daughter of John Ker- 
cheval and his wife, Jane Berry, daughter of this Captain Thomas Berry. 
She (Lucinda) raised me, and I know she lived many years with her 
grandfather, this Captain Thom'as Berry, and I have letters written by 
her when a girl from Berry Plain, King George County, Virginia, to her 
Cousin, Ann Kercheval, the daughter of Samuel Kercheval, the historian 
of Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. I also have letters written by her 
brother, Lewis Craig Kercheval (who was my grandimcle) in 1818 from 
this same point, Berry Plain, King George Co., Virginia. 

A Mr. Washington Berry, who now resides here, has, like myself, be- 
come much interested in this inquiry of your correspondent and we may 
be able to give him the additional information he and you are seeking 
regarding the Berry name, could we hear from him or you. 

I have in my possession the receipts for the money this Captain Berry 
of the 8th Virginia, paid his soldiers in the Revolutionary War from his 
own private purse, when the Government was unable to furnish the funds. 
Many signatures are attached. 

Can you give the name of your correspondent and state where a letter 
would reach him? as from this we may be able to give you a lot of 
valuable Berry history for your archives to be enjoyed by the numerous 
descendants of this Berry family now and in years to came. 


Gregory Bible Record. 

Roger Gregory Senr. borne Thursday May 1st, 1729 
Departed this life the 2nd October 1803. 

Fanny Gregory wife of Roger Gregory departed this life on Tuesday 
Night at 10 o'clock the 30th day of June 1816. 

Roger Gregory Senr. borne Thursday May 1st, 1729 Baptized the 
25th. Sponsors, Mr. Thomas West, Mr. Francis West, Mrs. Frances 
Baylor. By the Revd. Danl. Taylor. 

Mary Cole Claiborne borne March 7th. Sponsors Mr. James Power, 
Augustine Claiborne, Elizabeth Moore and Anne Foster. Married Sep- 
tember the 2d, 1756, Revd. David Mosson. 



Richd. Gregory Son of Roger & Mary C. Gregory bom Thursday Jany. 
12, 1758 and Baptizd February 2d following Sponsors, Mr. Francis West 
Senr.-Richd. Gregory Thos. Claiborne & West Gregory Unity 
Gawthmy Jane Bingham Jane Calibome & Agness Gregory. Re\d. 
Chesly rChickleyJ Thacker 

Roger Gregory son of Roger & Mary C. Gregory borne Thursday 
Feby. 12, 1761 Sponsors Thomas Claiborne, Francis West Junr. William 
Claiborne Susanna Gregory, Unity Gregory, and Euphan Claiborne. 
Revd. Robert Reade 

Nathaniel son of Roger & Mary C. Gregory borne March 11th, 1763 
Sponsors Leonard Tunstall and William Dandridge Agness Dandridge 
Anne Claiborne. Revd. Rob. Reade 

Thomas Son of Roger & Mary C. Gregory borne March 3d. 1765 
Sponsors Capt. John Mulloy and Thomas Claiborne Jane Bingham and 
Elizabeth Claiborne. Revd. Henry Skyren 

He departed this life the 9th of April 1783 (24th Chapter Matthews & 
44 Virce 

William Son of Roger & Mary Cole Gregory borne May 12th. 1767. 
Sponsors Wm. Seton, Wm. Claiborne, Wm. Leigh & Thos. Moore Junr., 
Margaret Swinny, Lucy Moore, Mary Leigh & Susan Claiborne. Revd. 
Hen. Skyren. 

Molley Daughter of Roger & Mary C. Gregory borne 25th. Augt. 
Sponsors 1769 Holt Richeson, Ambrose Lipscomb, Fras. West Junr., 
Ann West, Susanna Claiborne & Eliza. Dandridge. Wm. vSkyren. 

She departed this life the 26th August 1798. 

Mary Cole Gregory departed this Life Sunday 8 OClock in the fore- 
noon the 10th November 1771. 

Roger Gregory Senr. departed this life on Sunday 10 OClock in the 
foreroon the 2d. October 1803. 

Roger Gregory was Married to Fanny Loury (Widow (of Thomas 
Loury deed) March the 31st, 1776, by the Reverend James Crage. 

Herbert Gregory son of Roger & Fanny Gregory, Bom Thursday. 
April 3rd, 1777. Sponsors William Loury, Roger Gregory Junr. Spon- 
sors Mary Loury, and Mary Tabb. Reverend Crage. 

Francis Gregory son of Roger and Fanny Gregory Bom Monday 
December 25th, 1780. Sponsors Nathaniel Gregory, Roger Gregory 
the yotinger, & his Mother. Reverend James Crage. 

Fanny Gregory Daughter of Roger and Fanny Gregory Bom Monday 
January 27th, 1785. Sponsors William Gregory, Molley Gregory & Mary 
Loury. Reverend James Crage. 

Patsey Gregory Daughter of Roger and Fanny Gregory, Born Wednes- 
day March 15th, 1786. Sponsors William Johnson, Nathaniel Gregory & 
Fanny Gregory her Mother. Reverend James Crage. 

Herbert Gregory Married to Lucy Osborne Thweatt Thursday the 
16th June 1803. 



William Osborne Gregory son of Herbert and Lucy Gregory Bom 
Saturday the 17th of March 1804. Baptized by the Revd. William 

James Herbert Gregory son of Herbert & Lucy Gregory Bom Wednes- 
day the 1st of January 1806. Baptised by the Revd. Henry Meriott. 

Francis Roger Gregory son of Herbert & Lucy Gregory bom on Sunday 
the 26th of October 1807. Baptized by the Revd. Charles Ogbome. 
Died the 23ed June 1854. 

Martha Thweatt Gregory daughter of Herbert & Lucy Gregory bom 
on Thursday the 7th day of December 1806. Baptized by the Revd. 
Charles Ogbome. 

Herbert Gregory son of Herbert and Lucy Gregory bom on Saturday 
the 8th day of February 1812. Baptized by the Revd. Charles Ogbome. 

Richard Henry Gregory sone of Herbert & Lucy O. Gregory bom the 
5th day of January 1814. Baptized by the Revd. Charles Ogbome. 

Lucy Frances Gregory, daughter of Herbert & Lucy Gregory Bora 
the 1st day of May 1817. Baptized by the Revd. Charles Ogbome. 
Died 17th August 1852. Rev. Charles Ogbome. 

Thomas JefEerson Gregory, son of Herbert and Lucy O. Gregory, Bom 
the 9th day of January 1819. Baptized by the Reverd. Charles Ogbome. 

Lilly Mary Gregory, daughter of Herbert & Lucy O. Gregory. Bom 
the 3d day of April, 1821. Baptized 10th October 1821 by the Revd. 
Charles Ogbome. 

Herbert Gregory, Father of the within Named Children departed this 
life on the 2d day of October, about 4 o'clock in the evening, 1821 . 

Lucy O. Gregory Died on the twenty fourth day of September 1824 at 
the age of forty five. 

William O. Gregory was married to Mary B. Alexander on the twelfth 
of October 1826, By the Revd. James Smith. 

Charles Alexander Gregory was bom on the twenty third day of Octo- 
ber 1828. 

Lucy Osbome Gregory was bom on the tenth day of November 1830. 
Roger West Gregory was bom on the twenty ninth day of September 

Martha Ann Gregory was bom on the seventeenth day of March 1836. 
She died on the twenty third of November in the same year. 

Nathaniel Alexander Gregory bora 25th March 1843. 

Sarah Eaton Gregory was bora on the twelfth day of October 1837. 

William Osbome Gregory was bom on the fifth day of November 1840. 
Died 13th January 1843. 

Sarah Eaton Gregory died 9th October 1843. 

Thomas Henry Gregory was bom 1 0th March 1 847 . He died 1 0th June 
of the same year. 

Ida Mary Gregory v^as bom 15th of November 1849. She died 9th 
September 1852. 



Northumberland Co., Abstracts. 
(Contributed by Mrs. A. F. Keach, Wichita, Kansas.) 

Though Col. John Mottrom probably settled at Chicacone in 1645. 
the same year that Northumberland Co. was formed, the first mention 
of him in the records of that Co. is in connection with a patent of land 
granted to him, Dec. 18, 1650. 

1 651 March 25 . I , Sir Wm . Berkley give and grant unto Robert Newman 
* * * and fifty acres of land.— The said land being due unto said Robert 
Newman by and for the transportation of eleven persons into the colony. 

Robert Newman assigned a part of this patent to Capt. John Haynie 
on Nov. 20, 1655. On the same date he sold land to Samuel Nicholls 
and Angell Corbell. Previous to this on Jan. 20, 1655 he sold a "parcell" 
of land to Daniel Holland. 

His wife, Elizabeth Newman, was one of a party of nineteen brought 
to the colonies by Capt. John Haynie. For these nineteen passengers 
Capt. Haynie received from Gov. Berkeley 950 acres of land in North- 
umberland Co., the patent bearing the date of Jan. 30, 1650. 

On July 29, 1650, Wm. Presly was granted a patent of land in North- 
umberland County. 

On Jan. 2nd, 1655, Robert Newman made his will directing that his 
body be laid in the ground in decent manner "according to my Ranke and 
quality" * * * "I appoint Mr. Wm. Presly, my loving nephew to be 
my sole executor * * * to dispose of my estate * * * and allsoe to paye 
such legacies as I shall appoint to be bestowed on my kindred and 
friends. * * * 

Secondly I doe leave unto my loving wife the full halfe and moiety 
of my free estate both of lands and goods to dispose of at her pleasure." 

Witnesses of the will were Da. Lindsay and Samuel Nichols. It was 
proved Jan. 20, 1655. 

A record of May 21, 1658 shows that Wm. Presly and John Haynie 
sold to Daniel Holland a pcell of land— being a neck of land whereon the 
said Newman was seated at his decease— with all the houses and edifices 
thereon erected and built." 

With this sale went the stipulation that Elizabeth Newman have land 
sufficient for the ensueing crop. 

Another "parcell of land" was also sold at this date and the sale 
acknowledged in court by Wm. Presly, John Haynie and Elizabeth 

In giving her deposition on Jan. 20, 1655, Elizabeth Newman stated 
her age as 80 or thereabouts. 

On April 13, 1659 a record was made that Elizabeth Newman, widowe 
of this County, dec'd desired that Peter Presly, Jr., and Martha and 
Elizabeth Haynie should have some part of the estate belonging unto 
her, the "said Elizabeth in particular of that part of the * * * said 
said estate hereafter in these presents expressed." 



To Peter Presly "one yearling heyfer", to Martha and Elizabeth 
"a cowe" and many personal belongings including a gold ring. (Eliz- 
abeth probably her namesake.) 

This was signed by Wm. Presly and John Haynie. On May 20, 1659 
Capt. Haynie made a present of some stock to his daughters Martha and 
Elizabeth, which in case of his death should be held in the custody of 
Mr. Wm. Presly or Mr. Peter Presly, until the daughters were sixteen 
years old or should be married. 

Mr. Presly Sr. the nephew of Robert died and left a will 
which was recorded Jan. 20, 1656 in which he names his sons William 
and Peter and his grandson Wm. 

On July 29, 1654 about 18 months before his death Wm. Presly gave 
a calfe to Col. Mottrom's daughter Frances, "she being my wife's God- 

In 1656 Wm. Presly son of Wm. Presly then deceased was made 
one of the overseers of the will of Col. John Mottrom. 

"It is with the consent of Col. Speke and Mr. Colclough, overseers 
of the said will, ordered that the estate of the orphants shall wholly 
be delivered into the possession of Mr. Wm. Presly." 

The "relict" of Col. Mottrom had already married Mr. Colclough 
who was carefully safeguarding his wife's interests in the estate. 

This conjunction of names and associations in the early history of 
Northumberland Co. is of much interest as the descendants of Capt. 
John Haynie, William Presly and Col. John Mottrom are very numerous 
and are scattered over the length and breadth of the country. 

In Northumberland Co. there are not many of the older families who 
do not trace their descent back to one or all three of these English im- 

Col. Mottrom and Wm. Presly died early in the development of the 
Co., but Capt. John Haynie was active in all its public affiars until 1700. 

Of this group of four men in some sort associated together, it seems one 
of the small ironies of life, than an old man, one who left no descendant 
in the colony, as far as it is known, and who cold have made but slight 
impression upon the life of the colony in the brief years of his stay, 
should be the only one who has a permanent memorial. 

Since the time that Robert Newman was seated on the "neck of land" 
in the upper part of the county, not far from the present boat landing 
of Coan, it has been, and is, and probably will always be, known as 
"Newman's Neck." 




The Gorsuch and Lovelace Families. 

(By J. H. P., Baltimore, Md.) 

Anna* Gorsuch and the ToiiD, Johnson, Dallam and Gibson Families 

OF Maryland. 

The English Descent of the Todd Family. 

14. Ann^ Todd (James^ Todd; Anna*, John^, DanieP, William^ 
Gorsuch)— continued from Vol. XXV. , pp. 91-96. She was apparently the 
only child of James^ Todd of Baltimore County. The first mention of 
her is in the will of Capt. John Ferry of Back River, Baltimore County, 
dated March 1, 1698-9 and proved March 11, 1698-9, under which certain 
personal property was left to Ann, the daughter of James Todd (Anna- 
polis Wills; 6; 227) . There can be no question that it was this same Ann 
Todd, whose marriage is recorded in the register of St. George's, Balti- 
more County: "Joseph Johnson and Ann Todd was married the 5th day 
of July, 1713." As she was doubtless at least sixteen years old at this 
tim.e and therefore bom as early as 1696, she must have been the daugh- 
ter of James Todd's first wife Elizabeth and not of his second wife Pene- 
lope Scudamore. Evidence derived from three sources tend to confirm 
the identity of Ann Todd, the wife of Joseph Johnson, as Ann^ daughter of 
James^ Todd. (1) Her father James^ Todd was a resident of St. George's 
parish, and Ann Todd's marriage is recorded there. There were no 
other persons bearing the name Todd in the parish at the time, as far 
as can be learned from the register, the lists of taxables and other local 
records. (2) No other person bearing the name Ann Todd existed in 
this Todd family either in the Maryland or Virginia branches with whom 
she could possibly have been confused, nor was there an Ann Todd 
in the other Todd family of Anne Arundel County (Md. Hist. Mag. 
IX; 298). (3) Among the genealogical data of the late Dr. George W. 
Archer, now deposited with the Harford County Historical Society, 
kindly examined for me by Mr. William C. Marye, are references to a 
certain memorandum of the Dallam family, compiled apparently prior 

to 1779, by Richard Dallam of Harford Coiinty, a grandson of Joseph 
Johnson and Ann« Todd, upon which Dr. Archer apparently bases his 



definite statement that Ann was the daughter of James Todd, and the 
granddaughter of "Thomas Todd of Todd's Range, Patapsco Neck." 
That this tract really belonged to Ann's father James^ and not to her 
grandfather Thomas, is a trifling mistake, which does not really weaken 
this corroborative evidence of the identity of Ann Todd, the wife of 
Joseph Johnson. 

Joseph Johnson of Baltimore County, who married Ann^ Todd was the 
son of Capt. Henry Johnson* and Elizabeth Goldsmith. In addition 
to the entry of this marriage already referred to, the register of St. 
George's contains the following entries: "Henry Johnson, son of Joseph 
Johnson and Ann his wife, was bom March 22nd 1715-16 and died 1720;" 
"Elizabeth Johnson daughter of Joseph Johnson and Ann his wife was 
bom about the last of October 1719 being Sunday," "Ann Johnson wife 
of Joseph Johnson died Febmary 1719- [20]." Joseph Johnson appar- 
ently did not remarry. His will dated 15 March 1730 and proved July 
28th 1731 only mentions his loving daughter Elizabeth and his brother- 
in-law Josias Middlemore. (Balto. Wills 1; 252). Under the sketch of 
James^ Todd (see ante 25; 96), the writer, not then being aware of the 
above record of Ann^ (Todd) Johnson's death in Feb. 1719-20, merely 
stated, upon certain negative evidence, that she "died ante 1745." 
The writer is indebted to Mrs. J. G. Klemm, Jr. of Haverford, Penna., 
a descendant of Joseph and Ann° (Todd) Johnson, for much of the data 
on the Johnson family given in the footnote and for the notes on the Dal- 
lam family as given below. 

♦Henry Johnson was a man of considerable importance in the latter 
part of the seventeenth century in Baltim.ore County. It is thought 
that he may have come into Maryland from Delaware. He may have 
been "Hendrick Johnson late of Amsterdam" naturalized in Maryland 
in 1668 (Arch. Md. 5; 36). He appears in an action in the New Castle 
Court, Delaware, Sep. 6, 1677, as: "Henry Johnson ye husband 
of ye late wife and executrix of Collonel Nath Uty dec'd." 
(Records of the Court of New Castle, Delaware, 1904, p. 
127.) Col. Nathaniel Utie was a very prominent resident 
of Baltimore County. Col. Utie died in 1675. His widow Eliz: Uty, 
Jan. 18, 1675-6, administered upon the estate of her late husband Col. 
Nat'l: Utye (Annapolis Test. Proc. 7; 206). In 1685 a petition \\as filed 
for Geo. Uty by Mark Richardson his guardian, that Nat'l Utie dec'd 
uncle of the petitioner left one child John Utie lately dec'd, and that the 
widow and admr. of Nat'l Utie had married Capt. Henry Johnson (idem 
13; 273). The petition of a servant requesting to be freed was presented 
to the Council of Maryland May 9, 1682, which recites that "Mr. Henry 
Johnson after the decease of Coll. Nathaniel Uty dec'd did marry with 
the widow of the s'd Uty . . . having the estate of the s'd Uty in his 
possession at deposing ... 5 years from 10th of April 1677 to April 
1682" (Arch. Md. 17; 96). He is referred to in 1680 as one of "our great 
men" of Baltimore County (Arch. Md. 7, 391). Henry Johnson was 
living in 1681 in that part of Baltimore County (now Cecil) involved in the 
boundary dispute between Maryland and Pennsylvania', when with several 
other of the principal iiihabitants of this region, a formal address was 
sent to them by William Penn (Arch. Md. 5, 285). He was burgess from 
Baltimore County 1683-1684 ("Arch. Md. 7, 523, 528, 557). He was 



Issue of Joseph Johnson and his wife Ann^ Todd (James^): 

i. Henry7 Johnson (Ann^ Todd, JamesS). Born March 22, 

1715-16. Died 1720. (St. George's Register.) 

ii. Elizabeth^ Johnson (Ann^ Todd, James^). Bom October 

1719 (St. George's Register). She married Jan. 10, 1737, 
William Dallam. The Dallam family memorandum states 
that William Dallam was the son of Richard Dallam of Cal- 
vert Cotmty, and his wife Elizabeth Martin the Colonial 
belle, celebrated in local prose and poetry as "Pretty Betty 
Martin." The marriage of William Dallam and Elizabeth 
Johnson and the births of their four children given below, 
are recorded in the St. John's Register, Baltimore County. 
It will be recalled that Elizabeth Johnson's father mentions 
in his will his brother-in-law Josias Middlemore. This 
Dr. Josias Middlemore had married Frances Boothby, a 
half-sister of Joseph Johnson, the latter's mother Elizabeth 
having married as her third husband Edward Boothby, 
after the death of her second husband, Capt. Henry Johnson 

appointed one of the commissioners and justices of Baltimore County 
1679-1680 (Arch. Md. 15; 327), and in 1685 (Arch. Md. 17; 380); and in 
1686 and in 1689 was one of the justices "of the quorum' (Arch. Md. 
6; 524-5; 17; 380; 13, 243). He was appointed Captain of the Foot of 
Baltimore County 1689 (Arch. Md. 13; 243). The will of Capt. Henry 
Johnson of Baltimore County, dated May 16, 1689 and proved June 13, 
1689, is not recorded in Annapolis, or in the Baltimore County wills > 
but is found among the Baltimore County land records (Liber R. M.: 
H. S.; 328). It is therefore questionable whether it was really ever 
admitted to probate. He mentions his wife dear, Elizabeth, and di- 
vides his property between his two sons Henry and Joseph, both under 
16 years of age. To his son Henry he leaves "two Bristol Gunns, my 
silver hilted sword, and a silver cup which was left me by my mother ,J 
and to his son Joseph "the gold ring I now wear which was my mother s 
wedding ring." The maiden name of Elizabeth, the wife of Henry John- 
son, is not known with certainty, but the evidence points to her having been 
Elizabeth Goldsmith. That she was the third wife and widow of Col. 
Nathaniel Utie, and that she married Henry Johnson as early as 1677, 
has been shown. There is, therefore, little doubt that she was the mother 
of Henry and Joseph Johnson, who were both under 16 years of age in 
1689. She manied as her third husband Edward Boothby. He died 
Dec. 12, 1689 (St. George's Register). The will of Edward Boothby, 
of Baltimore County, dated Dec. 11, 1698, and proved Jan. 10, 1698-9, 
leaves to his wife Elizabeth one-half of his estate. It refers to his daugh- 
,ter Frances, who is to be of age when 18. He leaves Martin's Rest 
to nis son-in-law [stepson] Joseph Johnson, and also the ring which 
belonged to the latter's father. As the other brother Henry Johnson 
is not mentioned, it seems likely he had died (Annapolis Wills 6; 233). 
The register of St. George's has the following entry: "Mrs. Elizabeth 
Boothby widow of Septnsia [Spesutial Island buried on Mr. John Fall's 
plantation on this side of Creek over against the island 4 of Aug. 1699.' 
Frances Boothby, her daughter, married Dr. Josias Middlem-ore who 
came from England to Baltimore Coimty in 1720. 



(see will of Edward Boothby, Balto. Wills, 1698). The 
will of Josias Middlemore dated Sept. 2, 1754, and proved 
March 26, 1755, refers to Richard Dallam and Josias Dal- 
lam, sons of William and Elizabeth Dallam (Balto. Wills 
1; 485). After Mrs. Elizabeth^ (Johnson) Dallam's death, 
William Dallam married as his second wife Ann Mathews, 
by whom he had a son Francis Dallam and a daughter 
Elizabeth Dallam. 
Issue of William Dallam and his wife Elizabeth^ Johnson (Ann^ Todd; 

(1) Josias^ Dallam (Elizabeth^ Johnson; Ann« Todd; 

JamesS). Bom Aug. 1739. Died 1744. 

(2) William^ Dallam (Elizabeth^ Johnson; Ann^ Todd; 

JamesS). Bom 1741. Died 1742. 

(3) Richard^ Dallam (Elizabeth^ Johnson; Ann^ Todd; 

JamesS) bom Sept. 24, 1743. Richard^ Dallam lived 
in Harford County, Maryland, but later settled in 
Kentucky. He was the compiler of the Dallam 
family memorandum already referred to. He mar- 
ried four times. His first wife, whom he married in 
1765, was Frances Paca, the fourth daughter of John 
Paca of Baltimore County, by whom he had issue 
(a) John Josias Middlemore^ Dallam, (b) William 
Winston Smith^ Dallam. Richard ^ Dallam married 
secondly Peggy Carlisle. He married thirdly Mary 
Hart. He married fourthly, when upwards of seventy 
years of age, Jane Macall as her third husband. 
Richard^ Dallam left no issue by his last three wives. 

(4) Josias William^ Dallam. Bom Nov. 5, 1747. Died 

Dec. 1820. He lived at Cranberry Farm. Harford 
County. He married twice, first Jan. 25, 1770, Sarah 
Smith, by whom he had issue nine children: (a) 
William Middlemore^ Dallam, (b) Richard Boothby^ 
Dallam, (c) Josias Middlemore^ Dallam, (d) Thomas 
Smith^ Dallam, (e) Francis Johnson^ Dallam, (f) 
Philip Rigby^ Dallam, (g) Elizabeth Smith^ Dallam, 
(h) Sarah Middlemore^ Dallam, (i) Cassandra Mar- 
tha^ Dallam. Josias William^ Dallam married 
2nd Henrietta Maria Jones, daughter of Judge Thomas 
Jones of Baltimore County, and had issue by her five 
children (j) Thomas Jones^ Dallam, (k) James Lloyd® 
Dallam, (1) James Baxter^ Dallam, (m) Frances Paca 
Smith^ Dallam, (n) Henrietta Rogers^ Dallam. 
15- Robert« Gibson (Anne^ Todd; Anna^, John^, Daniel^, William^ 
Gorsuch)-- continued from Vol. XXV; p. 98. It seems almost certain 
for the reasons stated above (see Anne^ Todd; 25; 96-98) that Robert« 



Gibson, as well as his two sisters, Sarah® and Anne®, were the children 
of Miles Gibson by his second wife Anne^ Todd, and not by his first wife 
Anne Thurston. Robert® Gibson received the tract "Marrayland" 
iMarybone or St. Mary-Bow] 200 acres, as well as a slave, under the will 
of nis step-grandfather David Jones, 1686-7 (see ante 25; 98) and is also 
mentioned in the will of his mother's cousin Francis Lovelace, 1684. 
Most of Robert Gibson's land lay onRomney Creek, in Spesutia Hundred, 
Baltim.ore County, where he lived. He owned there Gibson's Marsh, 
Delph Island, Port Royal, Persimmon Point and other tracts. Gib- 
son's Park was situated on Winter's Run. Robert Gibson married Mary, 
daughter of George Goldsmith, Jr.*, a justice, of Spesutia Hundred, Bal- 
tim.ore County, and his wife Martha Beedle. Proof of the identity of 
his wife is learned from the entry in the register of St. George's, Balti- 
more County recording the marriage of "Robert Gibson of Spesutia 
Hundred, St. George's Parish, and Mrs. Mary Goldsmith, spinster, of 
the same parish" Dec. 15, 1702, and is further corroborated by the in- 
heritance by her of her father's lands. The will of George Goldsmith, 
Jr., of Baltimore County, dated Mar. 13, 1691-2 and proved Apr. 8, 1692, 
leaves to his daughter Mary an unnamed tract of 500 acres on the Gun- 
powder and 50 acres bought of Rich'd Oglesby; if however his unborn 
child is a daughter, the above land is to go to her, while Goldsmith's 
Rest, 630 acres, and Goldsmith's Enlargement, 70 acres, are to go to 
Mary; but if the unborn child be a son the last two mentioned tracts are 
to go to him (Annap. Wills 2; 297). As the Baltimore County Rent Roll, 
1705-20, shows that these last m.entioned tracts were later "in the pos- 
session of "Mary Goldsmith's second husband George Wells, her identity 
is established. 

Robert Gibson died June, 1704. His will dated June 4 and 
proved June 12, 1704, makes mention of no issue, but leaves to his 
sister Sarah Beall [Bale] certain land on Rumley [Romney] Creek, 
and 100 acres of Gibson's Park to Joseph Compton and his heirs. He 
makes his wife his executrix and leaves to her and his heirs the residue 
of his estate (Annap. Wills, 3; 236) . That Robert Gibson left no children 
seems certain. His widow Mary married soon after his death, George 
Wells, Jr., the son of Col. George Wells of Baltimore County and his wife 
Blanche Goldsmith, the eldest daughter of Major Samuel Goldsmith 
of the same county. The Baltim.ore County Rent Roll, 1705-1720 (Md. 
Hist. Soc. MSS.) shows the tracts Goldsmith's Rest and Goldsmith's 
Enlargement as then "in the possession of" George Wells. The adminis- 
tration account of the estate of Robert Gibson was recorded July 6, 
1708, by George Wells, gent, and Mary his wife the executrix of Robert 
Gibson (Balto. Adm. Accts., 2; 121-2). Shortly afterwards George 

♦George Goldsmith, Jr. was a son of George Goldsmith, Sr. of Spesutia 
Hundred, who was a captain of miUtia, bigh sheriff, member of the Lower 
House of the Assembly and county surveyor, and who died 1666. 



Wells and Mary his wife convey to Aquilla Paca, Gibson's Park, 800 
acres on Bush River, the deed reciting that this tract was surveyed in 
1683 for Miles Gibson, who dying intestate, the land descended to his 
son and heir at law Robert, who devised it by will to his wife Mary 
(Balto. Deeds TR: no A; 129). Mary Goldsmith married thirdly, Nov. 
1727 , William Marshall of Baltimore County, a native of England. John 
Hall, Esq, aged 70 years, deposes in regard to the bounds of the tract 
Goldsmith's Rest, that "about the year 1693 he intermarried with 
Martha Goldsmith, the mother of the petitioner, Mary Marshall, widow" 
(Balto. Co. Court Proc. H. W. S. No. 3; 23). An administration account 
upon Wells' estate was filed Aug. 4, 1719, by William Marshall and Mary, 
his wife, administratrix (Balto. Adm. Accts. 1 ; 64). William Marshall's 
will dated Dec. 15, 1720, and proved May 6, 1721, mentions his wife 
Mary, his mother Ann, brothers Joseph and Charles and sister Ann, 
but refers to no children (Balto. Wills 1; 510). Mary Goldsmith out- 
lived her last husband about twenty-eight years. Her will dated Dec. 
3, 1746, and proved Apr. 8, 1749, makes bequest to her son-in-law John 
Hall, his daughter Susannah and his brother Aquilla Hall (idem 1; 
365). It would appear from the above evidence that Mary Goldsmith 
was survived by only one child, a daughter, who married John Hall and 
left a daughter Susannah. The St. George's, Spesutia, Register shows 
the birth of Susanna Marshall, the daughter of Mrs. Mary Marshall, 
who appears to liave been a posthumous child, and the marriage June 
2, 1742, of John Hall and Susanna Marshall. 

16. Sarah6 Gibson (Anne^ Todd; Anna*, John^, DanieP, William^ 
Gorsuch)— continued from Vol. XXV; 98. As has already been shown she 
was almost certainly the daughter of Miles Gibson by his second wife 
Anne^ Todd. She received a legacy under the will of David Jones, 
her mother's step-father, 1686-7, and under the will of Francis Love- 
lace of Baltimore County, a cousin of her mother (ante 25; 96-98) . Sarah 
Gibson married Thomas Bale of Baltimore County. There is a de- 
position of Thomas Bale, aged 40, dated Aug. 5, 1704, who says that 18 
months before, his brother Robert Gibson gave him certain information 
in regard to the bounds of the tract Poplar Neck (Balto. Deeds H. W. 
No. 2; 367). There is on record the affirmation of Thomas Bond in re- 
gard to the bounds of the tract, Greshams College, in which reference 
is made to "Thomas Bale who married the sister of Robert Gibson, 
the then owner of Gibson's Park" (Balto. Co. Court Proc. H. W. S. 
no. 3; 210). There is also on record a deed Jan. 27, 1729, from Mary 
Woot'an of Exmouth, county Devon, England, widow, sister of Thomas 
Bale of Baltimore County, conveying the tract Bond's Discovery which 
she had received under Thomas Bale's will (Balto. Deeds I. S. no. 1; 
428-9). Thomas Bale probably lived at Gibson's Ridge on Plum Tree 
Run. Thomas Bale's will dated Mar. 14, 1706, was proved Mar. 18, 
1707. He left to his sister Hannah sundry tracts, among others "Green 



Spring Piinch at the Garrison" fFort Garrison]; to his sister Mary, 
Banner's Piirchase and Bond's Discovery; to his sister Urath [Randall] 
100 acres of Gibson's Park; to his brother Anthony Bale his lands be- 
tween the Gunpowder Falls and the Falls of Patapsco; to his daughter 
Urath all his lands not otherwise disposed of. He mentions his mother 
Urath and makes his wife Sarah and his daughter Urath his executors 
(Annap. Wills. 12; 220). Urath Bale of Baltimore County made her will 
June 18, 1708, and it was proved Nov. 29, 1708. She mentions, but 
does not name her "mother-in-law". She refers to her Uncle Anthony 
Bale and her aunt Hannah Randall, and appoints Richard Smithers her 
executor and residuary legatee (Annap. Wills 12; 301). From the above 
two wills it would appear that Thomas Bale left no issue by his wife 
Sarah^ Gibson, and that his daughter Urath, the testator of 1708, was 
the child of a former wife, the term mother-in-law as used in her 
will doubtless meaning step-mother. Sarah® Bale died previous to 
Aug. 27, 1711, when Anthony Bale fher brother-in-law] filed an adminis- 
tration account of the estate of Sarah Bale, widow and executrix of 
Thomas Bale deceased (Balto. Adm. Accts. 1; 374). 

17. Anne^ Gibson (Anne^ Todd; Anna^, John^, DanieP, Williami 
Gorsuch).— continued from Vol. XXV; p. 98. She was apparently the 
youngest daughter of Miles Gibson and his wife Anne Todd. Living 
1683-4 when she is mentioned in Francis Lovelace's will. Apparently 
died in childhood (ante 25; 98). 

The English Descent of Thomas Todd of Gloucester County, 
Virginia, and Baltimore County, Maryland. 

As the writer has previously shown (ante 24; 427-428) through the 
recent discovery of a Queen Anne's County, Maryland, deed dated 
September 20th, 1709, involving the title of a tract of land in that county, 
the place of origin in England of the family of Capt. Thomas Todd of 
Gloucester County, Virginia, and of Baltimore County, Maryland, 
who married Anna* Gorsuch, has been learned. He came from Denton 
in the county of Durham, England. As has been shown Capt. Thomas 
Todd in his will dated February 21st, 1675-6, left a tract of 700 acres 
on Chester River in Corsica Creek called Todde fTodley] to his brother 
Christopher Todd, as well as a legacy of £20. The Queen Anne's deed 
of September 20th, 1709, from David Airey to Robert Finley and Robert 
Grundy conveying this tract describes it as "Todley or Todd Linges," 
700 acres on Chester River in Corsica Creek and as the land formerly 
belonging to a "certain Captain Thomas Todd deceased & by his last 
will & Testament did leave the same to his brother Christopher Todd, 
late of Denton in the county of Durham and his heirs, and afterwards 
sold and conveyed from William Todd of Chester in the county of Dur- 
ham, son and heir of the said Christopher Todd unto Thom: Cook and 
his heirs . . . by deed . . . 6 August Anno. Domi. 1687." The writer 



through a search recently instituted in England has been able to trace 
back the line of Capt. Thomas Todd of Eenton to his father Geoffrey 
Todd, but OA^ing to the disturbed conditions resulting from the, 
has not been able to carry the search back further. 

The will of Christopher Todd of Denton, the brother of the emigrant 
Thomas, dated September 23rd, 1679, and proved 1680, in Durham, 
of which a full abstract will be given, refers to the fact that his brother 
"Thomas Todd of Maryland or Virginia" by his will left him 700 acres 
called Tod Linges in Chester River in Cassicoeroke fCorsica] Creek 
in Maryland, and a legacv of £20. Christopher Todd then proceeds to 
dispose of this tract leaving 300 acres of it to "my son William Tod 
liveing in Chester [Durham]", and divides the remainder among his 
children Christopher, Geofry, Lancelot, Thomas, Ann and John and his 
granddaughter Mary daughter of Jeffroy (Geoffrey). 

The will of Jeffrey [Geoffreyl Todd, father of Capt. Thomas Todd 
and of Christopher Todd, has also been found. In this will dated Feb- 
ruary 8th, 1637 [-8] and proved 1638 at Durham, he describes himself 
as of Denton, county of Durham, yoeman. He names among other 
children his son Christopher and his son Thomas and his grandson Will- 
iam the son of said Christopher. A full abstract of this will will be 

^'reexamination of the Denton, Durham, parish register recently made 
for the writer shows some twenty-eight Todd entries between the earliest 
Todd record in 1605 down to the year 1660. The register contams the 
entry of the baptism of Capt. Thomas Todd the emigrant, September 
12th, 1619, and the burial of his father Geoffrey Todd February 22nd, 
1637r-8! From an examination of the Todd entries in the Denton reg- 
ister certain inferences may be drawn. The second, third and fourth 
entries, all in the year 1606, indicate that the Todds of Denton had 
recently moved there from Haughton, a parish about five miles from 
Denton, commonly called Haughton-le-Skeme. Certainly ilham 
Todd and John Todd, the baptism of whose children are recorded in 
this year, came from Haughton. It seems most probable that Geoffrey 
Todd the father of Capt. Thomas Todd the emigrant, whose name first 
appears in the register in 1613, and among whose immediate descendants 
the names John and William frequently recur, was a near relative, 
possibly a brother, of the above mentioned William and John The 
writer has been unable to have the parish register of Haughton-le-Skerne 
searched. The following Todd entries are taken from the Denton 
register down to the year 1660: 

Denton, Durham Parish Register 1600-1660. 

1605 Willyam todd and margaret burden maryed the xxiiith daye of 

June 1605. , . 

1606 Mary tood Baptized the xxx of March the daughter of Willya 

tood of houghton. 



1606 Jane tood baptysed the xxviith of April daughter of John tood of 

1606 Willyam Toode Baptysed the viii daye of febmarye 1606 his god- 

fathers willya toode and Thomas Burden; his godmother Marye 
toode the wiffe of John toode of houghton. 

1607 Henrye Tood Baptysed the seventh daye of June 1607. 

1609 An tod Baptised 7 of May 1609. 

1610 Helena filia Johannis Toode baptizat: Septem: 30. 
1613 Johanes filius Golfride Toode baptiz May 16 1613. 

1613 Matthews filius Johis Todde baptiz August 15 1613. ^ 
•1615 Christopher filius Johis Todd baptizat 21* Janu. Sponso: Christr 
Lodg Richus Steele & Eliza: Balie. 
1616 Gulielmus Toode Septulus octob 27* 1616. 

1619 Thomas filus Golfride Todde baptiz: 12* Septemb. Sponsores 

Thomas pireth Roger Whitfield & Margareta pickermg. 
1625 Georgiius Runthwait & Margareta Todde matrimomo Cop Jun: 

19: 1625. ^ _ •• Q* 

1627 Thomas Todde & Jana Hume matrimonio copulat. Junii 6 ibz/. 

1627 lohes filius Thome Todde baptiz 28* Octob. 

1635 Thomas filius Thomas Todde Baptiz Jann 7*. 

1636 Christopherus Todde et Jana Burden Nouemb 24 1636. 

1637 Guliulmus filius Christbpheri Todde baptiz: Octob: 22. 
1637 Goldfridus Todde Sepult fTebruarii 22 Ano Dm 1637. 

1639 Rob. Bolton cural Jo. Wright & Jo Todde Church wardens. 
1640(?)Christopherus filius Christopheri Todde baptiz May 31. 

1640 Maria filia Johanis Todd baptizat: July 27. 1640. 

1643 Golfridus filius Christopheri Todd baptiz July 9. 

1644 Guliemus filius Thome Todd baptizat August 6. 

1647 Lancelotu filius Christopheri Todde bapt 14th Octob 1647. 

1654 Thoma filius Expophar Todd Baptiz ye 26 of Aprill 1 654. 

1657 Mary Todd daughter of John Todd of Denton Bapt^.zed the 22 
day of Novemb: 1657. oo^t, i«ro 

1659 John Todd son of Xtofer Todd of Denton baptized Febr: 28th 1659. 
Unfortunately the writer has been able to have only a fe^^ of the very 

numerous Todd wills, recorded in the Durham Probate Court from 1600 
to 1700, examined. It seems quite probable that a more thoroug-h search 
might not only throw light upon the descent of Geoffrey Todd, the father 
of the emigrant, but might clear up tne descent of other individuals 
bearing the name Todd who settled in Virginia and Maryland m the seven- 
teenth century, to which reference has been made in a former volume 
(ante '^4- 426-427). It seems by no means improbable that the several 
individuals bearing the name Todd who came to Virginia about the same 
time may have been members of a family group from Durham. An ex- 
cellent opportunity presents itself to any one, who, after the war. wishes 
to investigate this Todd line further in England. 



In this connection it is interesting to note that Christopher Todd the 
brother of Capt. Thomas Todd, the emigrant, had a son Lancelot baptized 
1 647 . It ill be recalled that another Thomas Todd who settled in Mary- 
land on the Severn River, Anne Arundel County , in 1 651 , and whose connec- 
tion, if any, with Capt. Thomas Todd of Gloucester, Virginia, and Balti- 
more County, Maryland, is not known, whose descendants have been so 
exhaustively worked out by Dr. Christopher Johnson (Md. Hist. Mag. 
IX; 298-305), had a son Lancelot Todd bom prior to 1650. The occur- 
rence of the name Lancelot both in the Denton, Durham, family and in 
that of this Thomas Todd of the Severn River, Anne Arundel County, 
is certainly suggestive. 

It is also interesting to note the occurrence together in Durham of the 
names Cnristopher and Lancelot Todd in another connection. In Sur- 
tee's History of Durham (Vol. Ill, pp. 68-69) is to be found the following 
interesting episode of the period of the civil wars, which shows how a cer- 
tain Lancelot Todd of Bishopton had his estate confiscated for his loyalty 
to Charles I: "Sept 6, 1644 — Sequestrations for Bishopton Parish — 
Information of John Middleton, Constable, concerning the delinquency 
of Lancelot Todd. That his son Christopher Todd was in the arm.y 
against the King and Parliam* and the father and son lived all together; 
had 7 kine, 9 sheep, 12 acres of peases and 5 of oates. John Middleton 
was present when oulde Todd said 'my son Cursty (Christy) shall go 
and fight for the King, and who knows but what he may com.e back a 
captain in spite of the Crop-ears' : and Middleton was also present when 
a black horse, which he thinks belonged to oulde Todd, was brought 
out of the stable for Chr^. Todd to ride away upon; and after drinking 
he rode away about two of the clock in the morning, by moonlight, and 
that oulde Todd went often to Coll. Conyers, at Layton, a noted papist 
and delinquent. Oulde Todd's lands worth about 30 1 a year." It 
is interesting to note that Bishopton is only some ten miles distant from 
Denton. Todd as a surnam.e and Christopher as a Christian name were 
so common in Durham, however, that it would be dangerous to assume 
a necessary connection between tne royalists Lancelot and Christopher 
of Bishopton, and tne Denton famiily, though these two names occur 
together in both families. As showing the frequency of the name Todd 
in Durham, in a partial list of Todd wills and administrations, including 
only the Christian names Thomas, Christopher, \\ illiam and Robert 
recorded in the Consistory Court of Durham between 1600 and 1700 
numbering thirty-one, the name of Christopher Todd alone appears 
seven times. 

The Todd Line of Durham. 

Geoffrey Todd. He was the father of Capt. Thomas Todd of Glou- 
cester County, Virginia, who married Anna^ Gorsuch. Geoffrey Todd 
first appears in the Denton Rej^ister when the baptism of his son John, 
May 16, 1613. is recorded. This and the baptism of his son Thomas, 



September 12, 1619, are the only baptismal entries at Denton of his 
children, who we know from his will numbered at least four. As his 
daughter Margaret Todd's marriage at Denton is recorded in 1625, 
it seems probable that Geoffrey Todd had moved to Denton, very 
possibly from H aught on-le-Skeme, after her birth and that of his son 
Christopher, as the baptism of neither is recorded at Denton. Geoffrey 
Todd IS described in his will probated in the Consistory Court of Durham 
1638 as Geffrey Todde yeoman, although he signs as Jeffrye Todde. 
The following is an abstract of his will and of the inventory of his estate: 

8 Feb. 1637— Will of Geffrey Todde of Denton in the Countie of Durham 
Yeoman. My bodie to be buried in the Churchyard of Denton. I 
give to my wife Margaret £20 over the third part of all my goods, and 
after her death my household stuffe bee left unto my grandchild Eliza- 
beth the Daughter of George Runthwaite and I give unto every one of 
George Runthwaits children a gimmer lamb. I give a gimmer lambe 
unto William my grandechild the son of Christopher Todde. I give an 
ewe and a lamb unto Ann Nicholsonne. Whereas I have already given 
unto my sonne Christopher £7 and lent unto him £4 and my will is that 
£4 more be payed unto him and the three several sums shall be m full 
discharge of his filial portion. The rest of my estate moveable and un- 
moveable I give to my sonne John Todde. I give unto my sonne Thomas 
£12 to be payed unto him when the tyme of his apprenticeship shall expire 
in satisfaction of his childs portion. I appoint my said sonne John Todde 
sole Executor. Signed JefTrye Todde. Witnesses to will, Robt. Bolton, 
Francis Bigwell X his mark, Richard Hobson. 

9 March 1637— Extract from the Inventory of testator's [Geoffrey 
Todde] goods apprized as under and amounting to £93: 4: 0. Owing to 
Testator, Cuthbert Darbon by Bond £10. Owing by several persons 
£2:10:0. Owing by Wm. Jenisonne 15s. 1 Od. Debts owing by the testa- 
tor. To Elizabeth Todd £18:16:0. To John Alan sonne £4. Funeral ex- 
penses 20s. (Signed) Christopher Lodge, John Simpson X his mark, 
Richard Hobson. 

Neither the will nor the Denton register gives any clue as to the identity 
of Geoffrey Todd's wife Margaret. As their daughter Margaret Todd 
married George Runthwait as early as 1625, it seems probable that 
Geoffrey Todd had been married at least as early as 1609. It cannot 
be stated certainly whether Geoffrey Todd's four children Margaret, 
Christopher, John and Thomas were all children by his wife Margaret, 
but as his daughter Margaret was certainly one of his older children, 
it seems likely that they were. Geoffrey Todd's burial is recorded in 
the Denton register "Goldfridus Todde Sepult ffebruarii 22 Ano Dm 

Children of Geoffrey Todd and his wife Margaret: 

i. Margaret Todd. She was apparently born as early as 1610. 
Her baptism is not found in the Denton Register. The 
Denton parish register contains the following entry of her 



marriage: "Georgiius Runthwait & Margareta Todde 
matrimonio Cop Jun: 19: 1625". The will of her father 
directs that after the deatn of his wife Margaret "my 
household stufTe bee left iinto my grandchild Elizabeth the 
Daughter of George Runthwaite", and gives "unto every 
one of George Runthwaite's children a gimmer lamb". 
The wording of the will makes it uncertain whether Mar- 
garet Runthwaite was living when her father's will was 
made in 1637. 

ii. Christopher Todd. His baptism does not appear in the Dentoj 
register. As he was married in 1636 he was probably born 
prior to 1615. The Denton register shows the marriage 
November 24th, 1636, of "Christopherus Todde et Jana 
Burden". It is to be noted that the Denton register con- 
tains the entry of a baptism February 8th, 1606, of a Willy am 
Toode, whose paternity is not stated, whose godfathers 
were "willya toode and Thomas Burden" and whose god- 
mother was "Mary toode the wiffe of John toode of hough- 
ton." The register contains baptimsal entries of six children 
of Christopher Todd between 1637 and 1658, who will be 
referred to more fully. Christopher Todd's will shows 
that he died in Denton in 1680. There is no evidence 
that this Christopher Todd or any of his children 
were ever in Maryland or Virginia. Reference has 
already been made in previous paragraphs to the 
fact that Christopher Todd received a legacy of £20 
and a tract of seven hundred acres in Chester River on 
Corsica Creek in Queen Anne's County, Maryland, called 
Todde, Todley or Todd Linges, under the will of his brother 
Capt. Thomas Todd of Maryland 1675 (see also ante 24; 
427-428, 430-431). The subsequent sale of this entire 
tract by William Todd of Chester* in the county of Durham, 
son and heir of Christopher Todd, August 6th, 1687, has 
already been referred to. This seems strange as under the 
will of Christopher Todd, which is here given, only three 
hundred acres is left to William Todd, the remainder being 
divided among Christopher's other children. The follow- 
irg is a full abstract of the will of Christopher Todd: 

23rd Septr. 1679- -In thenam.eof God, Amen. I Christopher 
Todd of Denton in the county of Durham. To be buried 
in the Churchyard of Denton, and as for my worldly goods 
that I have or that in right I have either in this country 
or any other thus I do dispose of it. Whereas my Brother 
Thomas Tod of Maryland or Virginia did give and bequeath 

♦This is Chester-le-Street in the northern part of the county of Durham. 



to me by his last Will and Testament Seven hundred acres 
of land (as is apparent in my Brothers Will) called Tod 
Linges lying and being in Chester River in Cassicoerke 
[Corsica] in Maryland and Twenty pounds starling to be 
paid in England for preventing of any trouble that may 
happen to be among my children or between my wife and 
children, thus I doe dispose of it and of right I have to it. 
First I give and bequeath to my son William Tod liveing 
in Chester [Durham] Three hundred acres of that lande 
which I have or in right I have in the aforesaid Maryland 
and no more. I give unto my sonne Christopher Tod Fifty 
seven acres of the said lande. I give to my sonne Geofry 
Tod fifty seven acre of the said lande. I give to my sone 
Lancelott Todd fifty seven acre of the said lande. To 
my Sonne Thomas Tod fifty seven acre of the said lande. 
I give to my Daughter Ann Tod fifty seven acre of the same 
lande. I give to my sone John Tod fifty seven acre of the 
sam.e land. I give to my grandchild Mary Tod Daughter 
to my sonne Jefifory Tod fifty seven acre of the same land 
which number of acres to my several sons &c being computed 
doe come to the number my brother gave me. And as 
for the money the Twenty poonds left to me I give it all to 
my wife to be ordered or disposed of according to her own 
mind, and I also appoint her sole Executrix. In witness 
&c whereof I set my hande. Christopher X (his mark) 
Todde. Witnesses to Will. Alexander Hilton, Clerk, 
Thomas Sidgwicke. Proved 1680 by Jane Todd Widow 
the Relict in the Durham Probate Court. 

Inventory (dated 23 Nov: 1680) amounting to £2:4:0 and 
appraised by Alex Hilton Clerk, Thomas Simpson, Tho: 
Sidgwick. Will: Sidgwick. 

This will shows that Christopher Todd was survived by 
his wife Jane by whom it was probated. The baptism of 
all of the children except his daughter Anne, who is named 
in his will, are to be found in the Denton register prior to 
1660. Issue of Christopher Todd and his wife Jane Burden: 

(1 ) William Todd. His baptism is recorded in the Denton 

register "Octob: 22. 1637 Guliulmus filius Chris- 
topheri baptiz:" He was living in Chester, county 
Durham, in 1679 when his father's will was made, 
and August 6th, 1687, when he sold the tract Todley 
or Todd Linges, seven hundred acres in Chester River, 
Maryland to Thom: Cook (ante 24; 427-428). This 
William Todd has not been traced further. 

(2) Christopher Todd. His baptism is recorded in the 

Denton register "May 31 (1640?) Christopherus filius 



Christopheri Todde." He was living in 1679 when 
he received fifty seven acres of his father's Maryland 
tract, under his father's will. 

(3) Geoffrey Todd. His baptism is recorded in the Denton 

Register "July 9 1643 Goldfridus filius Christopheri 
Todd baptiz". He received fifty seven acres of the 
Maryland tract under the will of his father, as did 
also "my grandchild Mary Tod Daughter to my 
Sonne JefTory Tod." 

(4) Lancelot Todd. His baptism is recorded in the Denton 

Register "14th Octob 1647 Lancelotu filius Chris- 
topheri Todd bapt". He received fifty seven acres 
of the Maryland tract under the will of his father. 

(5) Thorfias Todd. His baptism is recorded in the Denton 

register "ye 26 of Aprill 1654 Thoma filius Expophar 
Todd Baptiz". He received fifty seven acres of 
the Maryland tract under the will of his father. 

(6) John Todd. His baptism is recorded in the Denton 

register "Febr: 28th, 1659, John Todd son of Xtofer 
Todd of Denton baptized" He received fifty seven 
acres of the Maryland tract under the will of his 

(7) Ann Todd. As her name does not appear in the Denton 

register examined down to 1660, she was probably 
bom after 1660. She received fifty seven acres of 
the Maryland tract under the will of her father, 
iii. John Todd. His baptism appears in the Denton register: 
"Johanes filius Golfirde Todde baptiz May 16, 1613". He 
was the residuary legatee under the will of his father, 1637, 
of all the latter' s "estate moveable and unmoveable", 
and was also appointed executor. It was probably this 
same man who appears in the Denton register 1639 as "Jo 
Todde Church warden". It was also probably this same 
John Todd whose daughter's baptism is recorded at Denton: 
"Maria filia Johanis Todd baptizat; July 27. 1640"; and 
it may be that the following entry also refers to him: 
"Mary Todd daughter of John Todd of Denton Baptized 
the 22 day of Novemb: 1657". 
iv. Thomas Todd. The emigrant. He was probably the young- 
est son. His baptism is recorded in the Denton register: 
"Thomas filus Golfridi Todde baptiz: 12* September 1619. 
Sponsores Thomas pireth Rogert Whitfield & IVIargareta 
Pickering": His father Geoffrey Todd in his will, 1637, 
leaves to his ' 'sonne Thomas £1 2 to be payede unto him when 
the tyme of his apprenticeship shall expire in satisfaction of 



his child's portion". This is Capt. Thomas Todd of Glou- 
cester County, Virginia and Baltimore County, Maryland, 
who married Anna* Gorsuch (John^, DanieP, Williami) 
and became the founder of the Todd family traced in the 
preceding numbers of this Magazine, but whose English de- 
scent had not been worked out when these sketches were 
begun. The reader is referred to a former number for 
further details in regard to the career of this Capt. Thomas 
Todd in Virginia and Maryland, who appears to have been 
in Gloucester County as early as 1652 (ante 24; 425-440). 

Johnson of King and Queen, Louisa, &c. 

Correction— For "Nicholas Johnson", 3d line from bottom, p 424, 
Vol XXV (Oct. 1917) read "Richard Johnson". 

9. Thomas^ Johnson received under the will of his uncle, Richard 
Johnson, a tract of 2765 acres in Caroline Co., upon which by act 
of Assembly 1757 {Hening VII, 59) the entail was docked and 1711 
acres in Louisa County, which the said Johnson had 
bought from Ann Cosby and William Johnson and Martha his wife 
was entailed in its stead. "Major Thomas Johnson" died in 1799 
and his estate was settled by "Thomas Johxison Jr". On Aug. 2, 
1753, as "Thomas Johnson of Caroline Co.", this Thos. Johnson 
made a deed in Louisa Co. He was living Feb. 4, 1780, the date 
of the will of his mother Mrs. Ann Cosby. He made a deed of 
trust in Louisa Oct. 28, 1783, as "Thomas Johnson Sr. of Louisa 
Co.", to John Bosv^ell &c. He also made a deed Aug. 4, 1786, as 
"Thomas Johnson elder", to Thomas Johnson "Sheriff" or "Ju.i- 
ior" (the latter is described each way), and a power of attorney 
March 21, 1788, to his son George Johnson. Also a deed May 24, 
1790, from "Thos. Johnson the elder", to Henry Ashton Johnson 
conveying 410 acres in Louisa adjoining the land of Sheriff Thomas 
Johnson. Also a deed June 8, 1795 from "Major Thomas Johnson" 
to George Michie. All accounts agree in stating that Thomas and 
\villiam Johnson, who were Burgesses for Louisa, were brothers. 
These could only have been this Major Thomas^ Johnson, and his 
brother William^ Johnson. Major Thomas^ Johnson was a Burgess 
for Louisa County at the sessions of September and November 1758, 
Feb. 1759, Nov. 1759, March, May and October 1760, March and 
Novem.ber 1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 1762, May 1763, Jan. 
1764, Oct. 1764, May 1765, May 1769, Nov. 1769, May 1770, July 
1771, May 1774, June 1775, and of the Conventions of March, July 
and December 1775, and May 1776. 


He married, according to the family account, Ursula Ro\v and had 

14. Richard^, married (marriage bond, Louisa, March 1, 1770), 
Susan Garrett; 15. Henry Ashton^; 16. George 4; 17. Thomas 
Jr., died 1780, leaving no issue. His will is of record in Louisa. 
William^ Johnson. Ann Cosby in her will, dated Feb. 4, 1780, 
her son \A/illiam Johnson. Cn August 2, 1753, as "William Johnson 
of Caroline County", he made a deed in Louisa. There is in 
Louisa, a bond dated June 11, 1787, from Elizabeth Johnson, 
guardian of Elizabeth and Ann Johnson, orphans of William John- 
son. William Johnson was a Burgess for Louisa at the sessions of 
Nov. 1761, Jan. 1762, March 1762, Nov. 1762, May 1763, and Jan. 
and May 1764. The Johnson brothers were in thorough sympathy 
with the advanced views of Patrick Henry, and prior to the 
session of May 1765, in order that Henry might obtain a seat in the 
House, William Johnson vacated his seat by accepting the office 

of coroner. William Johnson's wife, in 1751, was Martha 

Her sumam.e is unknown to the compiler. The date and place of 
his death are unknown. He ^as surely the father of Thomas 
Johnson, "Minor" (who married his cousin Jane Chapman). The 
two brothers of W^illiam Johnson, and Nicholas, each 
had a son Thomas; but Thomas, son of Thomas, died unmarried; 
and Thomas, son of Nicholas, married Elizabeth Meriwether. 
Issue: 18. Thomas*, "Minor". 
Daniel3 Johnson (son? of William2 jotmson), of Louisa County, 
died 1788. His will was dated No^ . 5, 1785, and proved Feb. 17, 
1788. It names his sons Christopher, Daniel, Thomas and Benja- 
min; daughter Sarah Anderson, daughter Martha Woodson, and 
daughters Mary, Kezie, and Elizabeth Johnson. 
Issue: 19. Christopher* ; 20. Daniel*; 21. Thomas*; 22. Ben- 
jamin*; 23. Sarah, married Benjamin Anderson ((marriage bond, 
Louisa Nov. 3, 1773). 24. Martha married Rene Woodson (.mar- 
riage 'bond Louisa Feb. 1, 1775); 25. Mary; 26. Kezia; 
27. Elizabeth. 

Thomas* Johnson, known, from the frequency with which he held 
the office, and to distinguish him from others of the name, as 
"Sherifif" Thomas Johnson. His will, dated Feb. 24, 1801, and 
proved in Louisa Oct. 10, 1803, is signed "Thos. Johnson sh". 
and names his wife Elizabeth, sons David and Thomas, and other 
children he does not name. The will of his wife Elizabeth Johnson, 
dated July 6, 1812, proved Sept. 14, 1812, names her daughter. 
Mary W^inston, son David, daughter Ann Meriwether Barret, 
son Thomas, granddaughters Lucy and Betty Poindexter, grand- 
son William Poindexter (their mother was dead), daughters Lucy 
Quarles, Rebecca Winston, and Sarah Overton, sons-in-law John 



Poindexter, Joseph Winston. William Overton and Charles Barret. 
Mrs. Johnson was the executrix of her husband, Thos. Jonnson 
♦•Sheriff". There is recorded in Louisa a deed, dated 1753, from 
John Boswell and Ann his wife, Thomas Johnson of Carohne Co., 
Gent., and William Johnson, of Caroline, gent.. Conveying, for 
love and affection, to their nephew, Thomas Johnson, son of Nich- 
olos Johnson, four negroes, part of the estate of Thomas Johnson, 
deceased, of King William Co. Also a deed dated 1788, from 
Thomas Johnson, sheriff of Louisa County, to his bondsmen, con- 
veying 1133 acres on both sides of South River near Roundabout 
and Harris Creeks (where he lived), 43 negroes. 78 head of cattle; 
14 horses, 40 sheep, household furniture. Deed Sept. 12, 1791, 
from Thomas Johnson, Sheriff, conveying 5 negroes to his son 
Francis Johnson. Deed Sept. 21, 1792, from Thomas Johnson, 
Sheriff, to Tames Dabney. conveying 1700 acres where said Johnson 
lived to indemnify Dabney as his surety. Deed June 8, 1/94, from 
Thomas Johnson, Sheriff, conveying 5 negroes to Wilham Quarles 
of Bedford Co.. in view of a marriage of said Quarles with 
Lucy, daughter of said Johnson, Deed Feb. 8, 1796. from Thomas 
Johnson, Jr., to his son David Johnson, conveymg land on Harris 
and Beaver Creeks; Deed April 11. 1796, from Thomas Johnson, 
Sheriff, conveying to his son Thomas Johnson, the land where 
said Thomas, the father, then lived. -.o lono 

Thomas Johnson was bom March 6. 1736, and died Aug. 12, 1803 
{FamUy Bible Record). He married Dec. 8, 1762, Elizabeth 
(bom March 8, 1744), daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Men- 
wether. . -I T 1_ 

Issue: 28. Mary, bom Aug. 30. 1763, died 1823, married John 
Winston; 29. Elizabeth Thomton. bora May 8, 1765. married 
John Poindexter; 30. Nicholas^ bom Aug. 11, 1768, died 1861, 
removed to Georgia, married 1st Mary Marks; 2d Miss Gilmer; 

31. Francis^, bom Nov. 30, 1770, died Feb. 6. 1841, married 

Mitchell; 32. Rebecca, bom June 2, 1773. married Joseph Wmston; 
30. Lucy, born June 2, 1773, married William Quarles; 34. 
David^ bom Aug. 7, 1778, died June 21, 1822, married Mary 
Tinsley; 35. Sarah, bora August 1782, married Richard Overton; 
36. Thomas^, bom Nov. 14, 1783, died Nov. 2. 1848, married 1st 
Harriet Washington; 2d Martha Winston; 37. /^nn Meriwether, 
married Charles Barret. 

(To be Continued) 




Colonial Virginia, its People and Customs, by Mary Newton Stanard 
With 93 Illustrations, p. 1-XVI, 15-376. J. B. Lippincott & Com- 
pany, Philadelphia and New York, 1917. 
Mrs. Stanard is already well and pleasantly known to the reading 
public, both as historian and biographer, through her authorship of "The 
Story of Bacon's Rebellion" and "The Life Story of Edgar Allan Poe." 
The story of Bacon's Rebellion is but one of the interesting chapters of 
our colonial history, yet it constitutes a happy augury — even a guaranty — 
of her aptness to write her Magnum Opus, as this, her latest book, may 
justly be called. 

In her preface she modestly disclaims for her book the dignity of 
History. Yet, if the epigram — "History is philosophy teaching by 
example" — be true, what can be better history than a graphic pen picture 
of things in the concrete — than holding the mirror up to the actual facts, 
and thus showing "the very age and body of the time his form and 

Mr. Micawber said that his chief objection to the study of the Law, 
was the amount of detail it involved. Here we have detail to its last 
developm.ent, but instead of an objection it is a delight: especially a 
delight to that class of folk, whose name is Legion, that have of late 
years organized themselves into Societies of Dames and Daughters, of 
Sons and Descendants, and of Preservers of Antiquities. This ought 
to be a real "Hand Book" for them. I have called it "History"; to them 
it will be history set to music; if not a tone epic, yet a heroic love-song. 

The first chapter treats of the Founders of, and the later Emigrants — 
to, the Colony — not as a wearisome catalogue of Ship's Lists which only 
zealous genealogists read — but m.en of real flesh and blood — "Adven- 
turers" — as they aptly styled themselves — into the unknown; bringing re- 
solute courage and purpose to found a new world, yet having a suggestion 
of the Argonauts about them, with the golden fleece to lure them on. Uly- 
sses himself is hardly more picturesque than our gallant John Sm.ith, with- 
out whose heroism and fortitude Jamestown would doubtless have become 
a second Roanoke Island. Mrs. Stanard, with rare discrimination, has 
given us the salient features of his career in the Colony, a story that can- 
not be too often retold to Virginians and their far-scattered progeny. 

Here, too, we have an intelligent and intelligible account of the real 
"First Families"; some real light on Cavaliers and Convicts, on hired 
and indentured servants, which, it is hoped, will dispel the ignorance 



and allay the asperities of the pseudo historians of that period. There is 
a notable statement at page 53 that "not a single instance of a Virginia 
family descended from a convict has ever been found by any genealogist", 
though a very few families that later became prom. inent— four in all- 
harked back to the servant class. 

Mrs. Stanard fairly revels in her Furniture details, and quotes 
many inventories of the period to show the progress from poverty to 
elegance — from wooden stools and settles to stately chairs and canopied 
bed steads, from pewter platters to silver tea caddies; not neglecting, 
of course, an occasional glance at a handsome "Looking Glass". All 
the critics can say is — read for yourself how fast and how far the trans- 
formation went. 

The chapter on "The Home" is Arcadian in its simplicity and charm, 
and in these artificial times makes one long for a "Lodge in som.e vast 
wilderness" which Virginia then was; but a wilderness beginning to be in- 
habited by noble men and gentle women. Who, indeed, has ever seen a 
"thoroughbred" who did not regret he had not lived in Colonial days? 
The reading of this chapter will increase their number. 

Then it was that Virginia Hospitality became a phrase the echoes 
of which sound down to the present day. Dr. Johnson said that more 
people praised Paradise Lost than read it. Hospitality was not only 
genuine then, but universal, if the chronicles of the time are to be cred- 
ited. Changed conditions have caused it to be more prated about than 
practiced, yet it is delightful, even now, to read about it as portrayed 
by Mrs. Stanard' s pen. There were tankards in the land in those days, 
and silver punch bowls; though repressive measures against too much 
"strong waters" began as early as 1643. At page 126, the author says 
''prohibitionists in Colonial Virginia would have been considered luna- 
tics". A very sober judgment, some would say today. 

But this review cannot, like Tennyson's Brook, "go on forever" — 
though there is much more that might be said in praise of the book. 

There are sundry other captivating chapters entitled "Courtship and 
Marriage" (which every m.aid and widow, every bachelor and widower, 
ought to read, mark, learn and take to heart. "Virginia and England," 
"Outdoor Sports," and miore besides which must be read to be enjoyed 
and appreciated. It is even intimated that there were "Funeral Cus- 
toms" in the Colony, as if people had to die in such an earthly paradise ! 

The book is beautifully printed, in large, clear type on fine paper, and 
is copiously adorned with historical illustrations which really illuminate 
the text. The style — which is the soul of a book — is admirable through- 
out for a book of its kind — simple, narrative, graphic and without at- 
tempt at ornament. Like beauty, it adorns itself. 

It is a limited edition, printed from type which has been distributed. 
All who love Virginia and her inspiring annals ought to make haste to 
become the fortunate owner of a copy. 

W. W. Scott. 



The Dwelling Houses of Charleston, South Carolina. By Alice R. 
HuGER Smith and D. E. Huger Smith. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippin- 
cott Company, 1917, pp. 387. With 128 Illustrations. Limited 

The very name Charleston suggests charm, and charming indeed is 
this presentation o^ the quaint Southern seaport, by word picture, pencil- 
sketch, and photograph. To turn its pages, picking up bits of local 
history and stories of the people who have dwelt in these beautiful rooms 
with their carved chimney-pieces and cornices, their graceful, arched 
windows and fan-lights— who passed up and down this stately stair and 
through that picturesque gateway, or took the air on yonder allurmg 
balcony, is the next thing to a ramble through the old town itself; for 
the book, like the place, has atmosphere. 

It will be certain to prove a valuable aid in the study of Colonial 
architecture; its drawings will delight the artist, and the collector of 
Americana will find it an interesting addition to his library. 

It is handsomely printed and bound and has a carefully prepared index. 

English Ancestral Homes of Noted Americans. By Anne Hollings- 
worth Wharton, with 29 illustrations. Philadelphia and London: 
J. B. Lippincott Company. MCMXV, pp. 286. 

Many books have taken us on journeys to Colonial and other historic 
homes of America, but Miss Wharton, in this attractive volume, makes 
a new departure and leads her readers across the Atlantic to the English 
homes of our forefathers. 

An introductory chapter graphically describes her landing at Plymouth. 
England, in July 1914, during the last days of peace on earth. "A Cay 
with the Pilgrim Fathers," which follows, should delight the soul of 
the New Englander, with its vivid pictures of Scroobey and Austerfield 
in the North Country, and the homes in which Bradford and Brewster 
first saw the light. . 

Ecton, the English home of the Franklins, Sulgrave with its historic 
manor, the early home of the Washingtons and Great Brington and Little 
Brington tne charming villages where they lived later, are other de- 
lightful stopping places in this fascinating tour. 

A visit to beautiful Penshurst, in Kent, home of Algernon Sidney, 
friend and counsellor of William Penn, and of the knightly Sir Philip, 
is followed bv "A Penn Pilgrimage;" and glimpses of "Virgmia and 
Maryland Landmarks" and of "Shrines in and out of London." complete 

the itinerary. ^ ■^■ 

The book is written in the affable and polished style which is familiar 
to Miss Wharton's hosts of readers and which makes her one of the most 
agreeable of travelling companions. 



The Early Life of Professor Elliott. By George C. Keidel, Ph. D. , 
Washington, D. C. Privately Printed, pp. 10. 
Dr. Keidel in a paper read before the Ron-ance Club of Johns-Hopkins 
University, and now published in pamphlet form, has told in a very 
interesting way of the early life of Prof. A. Marshall Elliott (Johns-Hop- 
kins 1876-191 0.) Prof. Elliott's life was not at all like that of the normal 
teacher. Not only were his student days in America and Europe much 
like those of the rambling medieval scholar, but he had such experiences 
as being in Paris during the siege of 1870, and capture by Carlists in 

History of the Civil War 1861-1865. By James Ford Rhodes, LL. D., 
D. LiTT., Author of The History of the United States from the Com- 
promise of 1850 to the Final Restoration of Home Rule in the 
South in 1877 [etc.]. New York. The Macmillan Company, 1917, 
pp. 454, with the m.aps. 
Just at present very few people are interested in why the Civil War 
was fought; but vast numbers desire to know how it was fought, and of 
the effects of the war on the belligerents. To such this book is a boon. 
Dr. Rhodes has not m.erely used the material of his former great work, 
but has continued his researches. It is needless to tell American readers 
of his immense store of knowledge and of his method of imparting it. 
From end to end one can see earnest desire to be fair and impartial, and 
yet, fair as he is, we are still near enough to the great struggle for it to be 
evident that there are many instances in which a Southern writer 
with the same knowledge, and the sam.e desire for equal justice, would 
have drawn different conclusions. 

A History of the United States vSince the Civil War. By Ellis Paxson 
Oberholzer. In five volumes. Vol. I, 1865-1868. New York: 
The Macmillan Company 1917, pp. 578. 
With the exception of special students the present generation of 
Americans probably knows more about the Norman Conquest than it does 
of the years following the Civil War. Yet there is no history of more 
importance to us and none that w e should be more familiar with. Eegin- 
ing with the Evacuation of Richmond and ending on the eve of Johnson's 
impeachment, this volume can be most highly commended. From cover 
to cover it contains a mass of information of absorbing interest. Po- 
litical, economic and social history is treated of at length with a pro- 
fusion of detail and clearness of statement \\hich makes this mom.entous 
period pass vividly before the reader. 

History of the United States of America. By Henry William 
Elson, Ph. D. New York: The Macmillan Company 1917. 
pp. 950, XXXIX, with 34 maps. 
The author says in the preface "For many years I have contemplated 



writing a History of the United States in a single volume, that should fall 
between the elaborate works, which are beyond the reach of most busy 
people, and the condensed school histories, which are emasculated of all 
literary style through the necessity of crowding so many facts into small 
space." In this well printed, and very conveniently arranged volume, 
the author has done his work exceedingly well. 

The Descendants of John Thomson, Pioneer, Scotch Covenantor. 
Genealogical Notes on all known Descendants, Covenantor, of 
Scotland, Ireland, and Pennsylvania, with such Biographical 
Sketches as Could be Obtained from Available Published Records 
or were supplied by the Friends of Those Individuals who were 
too Modest to Tell of their own Accomplishments. Compiled for 
the Cousins by Adams S. McAllister, New York, N. Y., 1917. 
Easton, Pa., The Chemical Publishing Company, Printers, pp. 355. 
A very carefully prepared, well printed and wellbound family history. 
Though originally settled in Pennsylvania this family has now de- 
scendants of many names throughout the country. 

The English Speaking Peoples, Their Future Relations and Inter- 
national Obligations. By George Louis Beer, Sometime Lec- 
turer in European History at Columbia University; Author of 
"The Old Colonial System 1669-1754," "British Colonial Policy 
1754-1765," etc. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1917, 
pp. 322. 

"The present world-war, both in its outbreak and in its devastating 
course, has forcibly driven into tne minds of most thinking men the firm 
conviction that tne existing system of international relations are out of 
harmony witn the fundamental facts of modern life", are the opening 
words of this noteworthy book. How this harmony may be restored, 
at least among English speaking peoples, is the subject of a very thought- 
ful and scholarly study. Tne chapters treat of International Anarchy, 
Nationalism and Sovereignty, American Foreign Policy Before 1914, 
The Background of the War, America's Relation to the War, The Unity 
of English Speaking Peoples, Economic Interdependence, Community 
of Policy, and an Appendex of valuable notes. 

Essays on Transportation. A Commentary on the Political Frame- 
work within which the East Indian Trade has been Carried 
ON FROM Very Early Times, Starting with Babylon and Ending 
VERY Near Babylon. By A. J. Morrison. Boston: Sherman, 
French & Company, 1917, pp. 177. 
Transportation is one of the most vital things in the world; but that a 

reader could find essays on it so engrossing that he could not put the 

book down until it was finished, was a new discovery to at least one reader. 

It is certain that not only one, but very many readers of Mr. Morrison's 



book will have the same experience. With wide knowledge, and lively 
style he treats of East Indian trade routes, from Babylon to the new 
Bagdad railway. We see the caravans, the ships of Tyre and Sidon, 
Greek and Roman galleys,the Venetian fleets, Vasco de Gam a rounding the 
Cape, English and Dutch in the East, the beautiful American clippers, 
and finally the Union Pacific Railroad, the Suez Canal, and the Bagdad 
railway. These and hundreds of other allied subjects are treated of in 
a m.ost interesting way. Every student of history should possess this 
book, both for what it tells and what it suggests. 

Early American Families. The Williams, Moore, McKitrick, Fonda, 
Van Allen, Lanning, King, Justice, Cunningham, Longacre, Swan- 
son and Cox Families (etc.) By Rev. W. A. WiLLiAiis, D. D. 
3012 Richmond St., Philadelphia, Pa., pp. 48, illustrated. 
This compact little book will interest the members of the families 
named, who were chiefly resident in Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jer- 
sey and New York. But the claim of royal descent through Rachel 
Dolbey, because she w^as a "cousin" of President W. H. Harrison, 
would require much m^ore proof than is given. Neither Benjamin Har- 
rison, father of the Signer, nor William Bassett had a daughter who 
married a Dolbey. 

Chronicles of Pennsylvania from the English Restoration to the 
Peace of Aix La Chapelle, 1688-1748. By Charles P. Keith, 
Author of "The Provincial Councillors of Pennsylvania, 1733- 
1776," and "The Ancestry of Benjamin Harrison." In Two 
Volumes. Philadelphia, 1917, pp. 981 . 
The best compliment a Virginian can pay this book is to wish that we 
had one just like it, covering the same period. Few men know the history 
of Pennsylvania and especially of Pennsylvanians as Mr. Keith does. 
His work is an important contribution to American history, and much 
of it has a far wider appeal than to any merely local interest. 

The Beville Family of Virginia, Georgia and Florida and Several 
Allied Families, North and South. By Agnes Beville Vaughan 
Tedcastle, Boston, Mass. Privately printed. 
The author of this handsome volume has a happy intermingling of 
Southern and Northern blood and is in every way well equipped to tell 
the story of her ancestors. 

The main "stem-family," which gives the title to the book descends 
from Essex Bevill or Beville, a settler in Henrico coimty, Virginia, 
well-known to the students of the records of that county. His descend- 
ants and the families allied to them are carefully traced. The gene- 
alogist will find much of interest, but it is believed that even to the most 
inveterate searcher after ancestors the greatest value of the work will 
be the delightful accounts of ante-bellum life in the far South. These 
are not fancy pictures but drawn from authoritative sources. 



Any conrection of the Bevilles, Vaughans, Harrisons, Pelots, Pearces, 
Chisholms, Athertons, Humphreys, Gignilliats, Cookes, Weekeses, 
Leedses or Scrugges will certainly find something to interest him in 
this book. Numerous notes throw light on various matters mentioned, 
and the index of names seems complete. The twelve pictures that 
embellish the volume are beautiful specimens of art, the reproduction of 
the miniature for the frontsDiece being a work of which any artist might 
be proud. The book is well printed on French paper and should be highly 
prized by the members of the families mentioned in its pages. It is 
privately printed, two hundred and fifty copies being issued, of which one 
hiindred and fifty are for sale by Goodspeed. 

Household Manufactures in the United States 1640-1860. A Study 
IN Industrial History. By Rolla Milton Try on, Assistant 
Professor of the Teaching of History, University of Chicago. 
The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 111., pp. xii., 413. 
"Vocational training," the latest note in modem education, would 
have seemed a superfluous thing to our forefathers, whom we frequently 
deem so unenlightened. They did not need it, for they had it in every 
home. They had developed a system, to use the words of the author, 
"that taught the girl by the time she was twenty to spin, weave, sew, 
embroider, knit, crochet, patch, do laundry work well, prepare whole, 
some meals, make butter, cheese and candles, and perform other duties 
connected with good housekeeping; that taught the boy to employ the 
spare moments of the farm life in the manufacture from wood of such farm 
implements as plows, harrows, sleds, wagons, carts, shovels, flails, 
swinging knives, handles for spades, axes, hoes and pitchforks, as well 
as various aids to dom_estic comforts, such as brooms, baskets, wooden 
bowls and bread troughs, butter paddles, cheese-hoops, and other 
kitchen and table utensils." The story of this system, illustrated 
throughout by documentary evidence, makes one of the most valuable 
and interesting books which has appeared for a long time. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVI. 

April, 1918. No. 2. 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 


A Courte held the XV*^ of September 1626, beinge present 
S'r George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c., Capt. West, 
Doctor Pott, Capt. Smith. 

William Streete swome and examined sayeth that he bemge 
at Kinsalle it was generally reported that Capt. Dowse (1) 
kept company with one Christian Lovell the wife of Troylus 
Lovell dwelling in Kinsalle at the signe of the plume of feathers 
and y* some two days after they arrived there he ran away 
with her into some other p'tes of Ireland and carried away 
with him all w'tsoever he had beinge reported to be above the 
value of 500 pounde in money and left his wiefe so destitute 
(1) But Uttle is known of this man, Tnomas Dowse He lepresented 
"The Citv of Henricus" in the House of Burgesses in 1619, in Feb. Ib26 
lived wfth his wife at Elizabeth City, in 1624-5 two o his servants died 
''bevond Hampton River", and in 1626 he was reported as owning 400 
acfes irCharkrCity . Dowse doesnot seem to have returned to Virginia 
after this affair at Kinsale. 



of meanes, that had she not been relieved by some marchants 
her ffriends in the Towne she had not been able to subsiste, 
and as Mrs Dowse in Courte affirmeth, she is come over hither 
only by theire meanes and charge 

Sergeant Jones and Edward Whibie swome and examined 
affirme as much as William Streete hath formerly spoken. 
John Thunleby, gente, swome and examined sayeth y* he 
this deponent and his p'tner did buy as much Tobacco of 
Capt. Dowse as cam to 300 pounde sterlinge and uppwarde 
in Kinsalle w'ch money was payde Capt. Dowse in Kinsalle 
by this deponents p'tner named Richard Kady of Corke 
marchante, further this deponent sayeth y* he hath taken the 
saide Capt Dowse and Chartie Lovell [giving evidence as to 
improper relations between them] and further he sayeth y* 
Capt Dowse did carry her awaye w'th him into some other 
p'tes of Ireland. 


A Courte held the XVIIP^ daye of September 1626 beinge 
present S'r George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c, Capt. 
Weste, Doctor Pott, Capt. Smith, Mr William Clayboume. 
EUmer Phillips (2) gent, swome and examined sayeth that he 
beinge at Jourdens Joumey at Mr. Harris howse at the readinge 
of the Proclamatione for the chousinge a marchante for the 
buyinge of comodities for every Plantatione, Sergeant Sharpe 
and Richard Taylor disliked the saide Proclamatione and 
swearinge many violent oathes saide, we are freemen and as 
free as S'r George Yardley himself e, and y* they would goe 
abourde any shipp and buy Comodities them selves for theire 
owne use for all that Proclamatione 

John Crowdicke swom and examined sayeth, that beinge 
at Mr. Ferrars house when the saide Proclamatione was redd 

(2) Richard Tayloi and Sergeant Shaipe may have been drunk when 
they ciiticised the Governor and Council, but theie was evidently so much 
disapproval by people who were sober that the authorities yielded to 
public opinion, and, as will be seen further on, rescinded the order for 
a single purchasing agent for each plantation oi settlement. 


he herde Richard Taylor say and sware yt not w'thstandinge 
the saide Proclamatione, yf he were at James Cyttie he would goe 
abourde and buy w't comodities he wanted, for I am as free as 
any man in the country 

Nathaniel Cawsey, gent., swome and examined sayeth that he 
that he beinge at that tyme in place, harde the saide Richard 
Taylor and Sargeant Sharpe speeke woordes to the same effect 
as Mr Phillips and John Crowdicke have formerlie saide, 
And further sayeth that they were then overcome with drinke 
when they used those wordes 

Wheras Mr Horwood did put Capt John Eton out of the 
possessione of one p 'te or moytie of a house in Martins Hundred 
w'ch he the said Capt. Stone built at his owne coste and charge, 
and was therin seated by order from the Socyetie and Company 
of Martins Hundred. is here uppon ordered y* the saide 
Mr WilHam Horwoode shall paye to Capt Etone 250 pownede 
waight of Tobacco in Lieu and satisfactione thereof by the 
X*^ day of November now next ensewinge 


Uppon the Testimonie before Taken concerninge Capt. Dowse 
as also uppon a Testimoniall from Kinsale under The handes 
of Jodas ffarley, Sufferain, Thomas Adderly and John Buck- 
feroe, as also uppon a Letter from Capt John Sacheverell, 
as likewise that formerly Capt Dowse gave under his hande 
and scale full power and Authoritie to Ann Dowse his wiefe to 
enioy all his goodes and estate in Virginia, in as ample a manner 
as yf he himself were in place present 

2; is theruppon ordered y^ a warrant be sente doune to 
Capt. Tucker That all the goodes servants and estate w'tsoever 
Capt Dowse hath in Virginia, That there be an Inventory 
taken thereof, and praysed by three honest ^nd indifferent 
men. And the said Inventorie so taken and praysed to be sent 
upp to the Governor & Councell to James Cyttie, and the 
saide estate of w't value soever to be delivered upp to Mrs Ann 
Dowse and by her to be disposed of for her owne reliefe & 




3. YMs ordered y* wheras there hath latelie been A Procla- 
matione pubHshed for the preventinge of divers inconven- 
iencies in buyinge sellinge as other tradinge for such Comodities 
as are brought into this countrie, And likewise for the electinge 
and chosinge of m'rchants for every Plantatione, w'ch Course 
Notw'thstandinge it was intended by this Courte for the 
generall good of the colony, yett, it hath bredd greate mur- 
merings & discontent both one [on] the p'te of the marchants, 
-as of the People also, This Courte Therefore for divers reasons 
and considerations, hath thought fitt, for the present to con- 
descend and p'mitt, That the saide Proclamatione shall not 
stande in this full force and power, But reste and be dependante 
for the tyme, untill ye Governor and Councell shall pleese to 
consider and give fourther order conceminge the same at the 
greater Courte or Generall Assemblie and in the meane tyme, 
that the Inhabitants of every Plantation for to consider the 
best waye or meanes the [y] can, whereby to ease themselves, 
and to sett downe the same under their hands in wrightinge, 
and to send it to the Governor and Councell of State to James 
Cyttie, and we will be most carefull and readie to releeve them 
w'th our best endeavors. 

Nathaniell Cawsey, gent., sworne and examined sayeth y* 
the deede or writinge m.ade by James Carter to Richard Lowe 
and by him p 'duced in Courte was ye trewe act and deede of 
the saide James Carter, and made by him in his p 'feet memory 
Richard ffoxcrofte purser of the Ann sworne & examined 
afhrmeth as much as Mr Cawsey formerly saide 
4. YMs theruppon ordered y* the saide Richard Lowe shall 
have full power and Authoritie to dyrecte & p 'forme all things 
accordinge to the trewe intent and meaninge of the saide deede 
or wrightinge p 'duced in Courte 


A Courte held the XXV^^^ of September 1626 beinge present 
S'r George Yardley Knight, Governor &c, Capt. ffrancis West, 
Doctor Pott, Capt. Smith. 


1. The examinacon of Roger Delke taken uppon oath before 
Doctor Pott & Capt. Roger Smith ye 9**^ daye of September 

The saide deponent sayeth y* about the 26*^ day of August 
last past about 9 or 10 oclock at night as he was goinge to his 
lodginge at Mrs Southys howse, Together w'th Th'mas Dell- 
amaior (3) he sawe good wiefe Fisher and Mr Southeme goinge 
before them, and sayeth that good wife ffysher did reele and 
stagger as she wente, and that she stumbled and fell uppon a 
cow or by a cowe or an ewe or some such beste & that Mr 
Southeme did leade her by ye arm and further sayeth y* 
Thomas Dillamaior saide it was greate shame to see a man 
drunke, But more shame to see a woman in that case, and y* 
yf a man should do soe he should be sett in the stocks, or lye 
neck and heels, and that he would make some body acquainted 
w'th it, and more this deponent knoweth not 

The Examinacon of Thomas Dellamaior taken before S'r 
George Yardley, Governor, &c, and Doctor Pott. 

Thomas Dellamaior swome and examined affirmeth as much 
uppon oath as Roger Dilke hath saide, & doth verily beleave 
y* at y* time shee was drunke 


A Courte held the seconde of October 1626, beinge present 

S'r George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c, Capt. West, Doctor 

Pott, Capt. Smith, Mr Will'm Clayboume 

Whereas it appeareth by the last will and Testament of Robert 

Austen dated ye 10*^ of September & p'duced in Courte by 

Capt W"^ Pierce & approved uppon the oaths of John Lyghtfoot 

and Thomas Smith, wherein ye saide Robert Austen did make 

& ordain the saide Capt. Peerce his sole Executor, whereuppon 

it is ordered y* a generall warrant be granted to ye saide Capt. 

W^ Peerce for ye recoveringe and receavinge of all the depts, 

the cropp of come and Tobacco belonginge to the saide Robert 

Austen for this present yeere, w'ch is accordinge to ye trewe 

intent and m eaninge of ye said will. 

(3) On March 14, 1628, Thomas Delamajor, of James City, Joyner, 
leased foi ten years three acres at Goose Hill, James City Island. He 
lived at James City in 1624-5. No Fisher appears at James City in the 
Census of 1624-5. 




A Courte held the Seventh of October 1626 beinge present 
S'r George Yardley, Knight, Governor &c, Capt. West, Doctor 
Pott, Capt. Smith, Mr William Clayboume 
[The order as to Austens will repeated in the same words] 
Uppon the Testimony of Capt. Roger Smith & Mr ffrancis 
Bolton, minister, it appeareth y* Mr Thomas Edwards did 
freelie give to his maide Mary now the wiefe of Thomas Harvie 
(4) her passage into this country and yt the saide Thomas 
Edwardes did freely deliver her to the saide Thomas Harvie 
to be his wiefe & y* he went to Mr Boltone and requested him 
to aske theire Banns in church, whereuppon it is ordered the 
saide Thomas Harvie shall not be lyable to pay Mr Edwards 
for his wives Passage 

Whereas there is a small vessell lately arrived from Canada 
now ridinge below at Kickotan, and in regard she is very 
leakie & cannot come upp to Cyttie w'thout great 
danger & losse The m'er and merchante are very desirous for 
to unlade and make sale of theire goodes below, unto w'ch 
request the Courte doth condescend to p'mitt and give leave 
unto them so to doe, and to make sale of theire goodes & 
Comodities there below & beinge but a small p 'portion or 
quantitie. And that Capt Tucker take it into his care that ye 
goodes may be indifferently distributed amongst ye Inhabi- 
tants w'thout any enhansinge of price or other engrossmge. 


A Courte at James Citty, Present the 9^^ October 1626, S'r 
George Yardley, Knt., Governor &c, Capt. ffrancis West, 
Doct'r Pott, Capt. Smyth, Capt. Mathews, Mr Clayboume, 
Capt. Tucker & Mr. Ferrar. 

1. At this Court there was a bond of one hundred and twentye 
pounds sterlinge produced & laid against Captaine Will'm 
Tucker by Mr Thomas Spillman the w'ch bond Capt. Tu cker 
(4) In 1624-5 Thomas Harvie was one of Capt. Roger Smith's "men", 
"over the water", from Jam.estown. 



was willing to pay unto him in Tobacco, therefore the said 
Thomas Spillman being willing to accept of Tobacco at 18d. 
per pounde, this Court hath heruppon ordered that Capt. 
Tucker shall pay to the said Tho: Spillman sixtene hundred 
& seventy two pounds of good marchantable Tobacco in liewe 
of ye said one hundred & twentye pounds ster. beinge due to 
bee bill paid on the five & twentyeth of Decemb. past 

2. At this Court was produced the last will & Testam't of 
Left. Albino Lupo (5) & proved by the oaths of Mr Tho: 
Spillman & John Slaughter 

3. At this Court Tho. Willson, tailor, made his appearance 
according to a bond taken of his good behaviour. And Mr 
Doct 'r Pott hath given in testimony to the Court of his good 
behaviour as well towards his wiefe as towards all the Kings 
leige people, Hereuppon the Court hath granted him a release 
from the bond of his good behavior 

It is thought fitt at this quarter Court that there be a general! 
restraint of people fro ' going for England but y * such as desire 
theire posses shall repair to the Court held weekly at James 


Uppon ye petition of John Darkes wherein he alledgeth y* 

Capt. Ward owed unto him certain wages in Tobacco of w'ch 

(5) Albino Lupo was born in 1584 and came to Virginia in 1610. His 
wife Elizabeth was bom 1597 and came to Virginia in 1616. In 1624-5 
they had one child, Temperance, who was born in Virginia in 1620, and 
at that time (1625) Philip Lupo, bom 1582, who came to Virginia in 1621 
was living with them. On Sept. 1, 1624, "Lieutenant Albino Lupo, _ of 
Kicoughton, gentleman," was granted 350 acres in K.icoughton, adjoining 
the land of his wife. Albino Lupo was probably Protestant Italian. 
He could not have held an office unless he was a Protestant. On Sept. 
20, 1621, Elizabeth, wife of Albino Lupo was granted 50 acres at Kicough- 
ton "due her by order of Court out of England." On March 28, 1619-20. 
the Virginia Company granted one share to "Mr. Aliano Lupo" and one 
and a half shares more for three men he had sent to Virginia. The 
family was long afterwards resident in Isle of Wight County. In 1679 
Joyce Cripps m.ade a bequest to Sarah Lupo; in 1698 a school teacher 
recorded a charge for teaching James Lupo's son, and in 1777 Philip Lupo 
was appointed an ensign in the Isle of Wight Militia. The county records 
also show that Philip Lupo of Isle of Wight, who died in 1670, was son of 
Philip Lupo, goldsmith, of London. Possibly, the latter was the Philip 
Lupo who was in Virginia with Albino Lupo. 



ye said Capt. Ward now lately in England payed him part & 
gave him a bill to bee paid one hundred waight of Tobacco 
in Virginia by Capt Epes; further y^ said Darkes sayeth that 
he hath lost the said bill, but y* at Gravend it was by hmi 
showed to one Thomas Barnet the Court hath hereuppon 
[ordered] y^ ye said Darkes have a warrant y* Capt. Epes 
pay him one hundred waight of Tobacco & yt if he herafter 
prove y* ye said Tobacco is not due, then the said Capt. Epes 
shalbe held blameless by ye Governor 

Fetaplace Close swome and examined saith that concemmg 
the usage of Thomas & Enica Fitch servants to Mr. Proctor, 
he knows certainly upon his own knowledge that they were as 
well used in all respects for victualls cloathes physick & chir- 
urgery & what was necessary or servants as any in the land 
& further sayeth that he lived in the house & saw their usage 


A Court at James Citty, the 10*^ day of Octob' 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley, Governor, Capt West, Doctor Pott, 
Capt Tucker & Mr Ferrar. 

1. At this Court there was a Weanoke Indian presented by 
Captaine Will'm Epps w'ch was taken the last springe at 
Sherley Hundred & hath since been w'th him, and the Court 
hath ordered v* Capt. Epps doe enter into bond of 500 1. of 
tobacco to ye Court that the said Indian shall not runne away 
the w'ch bond to begin to take his force uppon the 
first arrivall of Capt Epps w'th him at ye Eastern Shore, 
morover it is thought fitt y* Capt Epps uppon his retume to 
James Citty w'ch he intends before ye feast the Nativity of 
o'r Lord God that then the said Capt Epps bring the Indian 
along w'th him to ye Governor to be imployed uppon any ser- 
vice, And the Court doth leave & graunt y* Capt Epps 
at his goeing for England ye next spring may carry ye said 
Indian w'th him, otherwise to deliver him upp to the Governor. 
2 The Court was this day informed by Capt Epps y* the 
Indians of the Easteme Shore had killed divers of the hoggs 


belonging to o'r people there & that hee had demanded satis- 
ffaction of the Indians for ye hoggs w'ch they refused not, 
but assented to it & did offer to make satisfEaction in Corne, 
the Court therefore have referred the matter to the best dis- 
cretion of Capt. Eppes y* he deale therein so as there may be 
satisfaction made for them, And that he 


do give them to know y* if hereafter they shall doe the like 
or in any such nature offer us offense, it will be an occasion of 
the breatch of the peace betweene us 

3. Whereas at this Court there was a pe 'tion made & preferred 
by Richard Townshend servant to Mr. Doct'r Pott, against 
his Master, complaining that he cannot bee taught the art of 
an Apothecarye for the leaminge of w'ch art & misterye he was 
bound to ye said Doctor Pott by an Indenture bearing date the 
20*^ day of ffebruary 1621, the Courte hath thereuppon ordered 
yt Mr Doctor Pott doe henceforth from time to time endeavor 
to teach & instruct the said Richard Townshend in ye art of an 
Apothecary by all convenient ways & means he can or, may 
that soe hee may prove at 3^e end of his service a sufficient 
Apothecary w'ch if he ye said Mr Doctor Pott shall neglect 
or refuse the Court hath ordered y * he shall pay the said Richard 
Townshend for his service fro' ye day of ye date thereof unto 
the end of expiration of three years 

4. Mr Richard Kingsmill at this Court brought in the will 
& Testament of Mr Richard Bucke, and by ye said will claimed 
that now uppon the death of Thomas Allnutt late guardian 
unto one of the children of ye said Richard Bucke named Peleg 
Bucke, the guard & keeping of ye said Peleg was now belonging 
to him together with all the estate & goods, hereuppon the 
Court hath ordered y* ye said Richard Kingswill shall take the 


Peleg into charge together w'th ye estate And that he give m 
sufficient security for ye same to ye Court 




A Court at James Citty the 11*^ day of Octob'r 1626, p'sent 
S'r George Yeardley Governor &c, Capt West, Doctor Pott, 
Capt. Smyth, Capt. Mathewes, Mr Claybourne, Capt Tucker 
& Mr Ferrar. 

Wheras it appeareth to ye Court y^ one Henry Cannan servant 
to Mr Samuell Sharpe & one of the number of those 50 boyes 
w 'ch were by o 'r late dread soveraigne King James comanded 
to be sent over hither and arrived here in ye Dutye 1620, the 
condition of whose service was appointed bee for 7 years at 
first to their masters to whom they were fast put to & further 
y* if during y* they should com'itt any great malefice as 
whoredome, theft, grievous drawing of blood & such like that 
then from ye time toties quoties the time of their service to 
begin againe be seven yeares, now whereas it appeareth to ye 
Court y* ye said Henry Cannan hath comitted fornication 
w'th one Alice Chambers, servant to Abraham Persey [and that 
she was pregnant] the Court hath heruppon ordered that the 
said Henry Cannan shall a new begin his service of seaven 
yeares to the use of Mr Samuell Sharpe from the time of his 
said evill fact & offence. Moreover being y* the said Mr Sharpe 
is now absent out of ye Country it is though fitt y* the said 
Henry Cannan continue in the service of Mr William Ferrar 
w'th whom he was left to ye use & benefitt of ye said Mr. 

Y* is ordered there be a warrant sent upp speedily for Alice 
Chambers servant to Mr Abraham Persey y* for her above 
named offence of whoredom, shee may appeare here at Court 
& receive worthy punishment for the same 


3. At this Court Mrs Elizabeth Hamor late wiffe of Capt. 
Raffe Hamor Esq'r and of Councell of State, Showeth that 
wheras shee made & constituted by her late Husbands will 
sole executrix shee now uppon some considerations disclaimeth 
& renounceth the executrixshipp & desireth of ye Court to have 


the Administration of her said husbands goods, the Court 
thereuppon hath given & granted unto her that shee shall 
have a com'ision of Administration uppon her said husbands 
goodes & chattells granted unto her. At this Court shee like- 
wise presented upon her oath a perfect inventorye of all such 
goodes & chattells as to her knowledge belonged to her -said 
Husband. Praysed by Mr John Southeme & Randall Small- 
wood p. m. 

Mr John How Administrator to Luke Aden, deceased, at this 
Court claimed fro' Capt. William Tucker a debt of 240 1. 
of Tobacco as due unto ye said Luke Aden, Now ye said Capt 
Tucker hath purged himselfe by his oath taken at this Court 
y* hee hath paid 229 1. of Tobacco for ye use & discharging 
of ye debts of said Luke viz to S 'r ffrancis Wyatt 20 1, to Vincent 
Barber 24 1. And to George Menefy & Richard Stevens, mar- 
chants, 189 1. of Tobacco. 

Soe y* Capt. Tucker remaineth dent'r 5 1 Tobacco & Ensign 
John Utye 12 1. of Tobacco. 

(To be continued) 




(From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 



To Mr. North. 

Virg'a. July y« 26*^ 1689 

This Serves to accompany Cap* Hogben by whom I have 
Sent you 6 H^^ of ffures & skins, I thinlce they are prety good 
in their kind, the Invoice inclosed, Cap* Perry I hope will take 
the Bills of Ladeing I enclose one, I wish them Safe to you. 
Wee have rec^ no certain intelligence from England since 
Burrell w^^ leaves us mach in y^ Darke, Wee have discontented 
Governments round us, & the Indians are very troublesome 
to us at this time especially ab* y^ head of James River where 
they daily kill considerable numbers of Cattle & hogs & have shot 
at Some people, God send us peace. 

ffor Crops here are very mean ones, though I am told they are 
Large enough to y^ Northward, I fear there is Small hopes of 
y« market w*^ you, & I doubt wee shall not persuade the Plan- 
ters to make it as it ought to bee (haveing Such Small Crops 
they will indeavour to make the most of itt). 

I have not Seen Arthur Spicer Since his Ariveall, & now do 
not expect to See him before 8b^ generall Cout, when I shall bee 
freely willing to Submit to anything thats reasonable. 

Please to give my best respects to all our friends wishing 
you all health & happiness I remain 


Yo^ reall frd & Ser\^* 



If this comes not too late let most of my plains bee blew 
& Send mee ab* 200 Yds more (of Same Colour) then is 
exprest in y^ Invoice 


To m"" North by Hogben 


Virg'a Dec y^ 28 1689 

This is onely to cover y^ inclosed bill of Ex^^ w^^^ I have 
had Some time by mee, but m^eeting no oppertunity to Send itt, 
I. now Leave it W^^ y^ Collector- for y^ first. 

I sent you last Summer both y« & 2^ bills of Ex^^ 
£39, 13s, 6d but have not as yet heard a word from you, but 
wee daily expect Some Small vessells from your parts, wherein 
1 hope to have advice in the interim I remain 


Yo^^ to Serve you 

Bills sent last summer 
Jno vSandford on Thomas Duboy's for 
Thomas Cox on Ben Bullard for 
Tho. Hodges on Colo. Jno Johnson for 

£39 13 06 


Rob* Egerton & Edward Lilington on Geo. Lilington 

Esq'^&CaptHen'y Applewaitefor 15 07 00 

£ s d 

12 05 06 

20 14 00 

06 14 00 

£55 00 06 




Virg'a May y« 29^^ 1690 

This is chiefly to cover y« inclosed 2^ bills of Ex^^ y^ first 
Sent Some time Since as allso another drawne by R* Egerton 
on J. Lilington Esq^ &c for £15-7 both 1«* & 2^ formerly Sent 

By my Last I desired you by the first oppertunity to Send 
mee ab* 2° ordinary Loafe Sugar, 1 Chest Oronges & ah^ 20 1 
of Muscovado Sugar in Large Barrells I shall not now adde 
more but w*^ due respects take Leave 


Yo^ frd & Serv* 


List of ye inclosed Bills 

Thomas Cox on Ben Bullard for 




Andrew Woodly on Roger Thomas 




Tho Hodge on m"" Duboys 




Nat Macklenahan on yo'" Selfe 




Zach Jarvis on Alex Taggart 




Mat Este on Colo Salter 







Rob Egerton on Geo. Lilington both 1^* 

& 2^ for- 

merly Sent 






To THE Commissioners of the Navy. 

Virginia July y« 24 1690 


The inclosed papers will informe your hono" of y occasion 
of this trouble, I haveing p^ by Order of their Majesty's Presi- 
dent & Councell here, (out of y^ Maty^ Revenue of this Country) 
One Hundred & Seventy pounds three shillings & one penny 
Stg in Severall disbursements for Clothing & provisions to 
Seamen belonging to their Majesty's Ketch y« Deptford 



I have allso according to y« afores^ Orders charged on yo'" 
Hono" by Ex«a the Same Sum of One Hundred Seventy pounds 
three shillings & one peny (payable to Mess^^ Micajah Perry 
& Tho : Lane of Lond^ merchants) w^^ I humbly desire may bee 
accordingly that their Maty" Revenue here may bee re- 
imburst, Inclosed herew*^ is a Copy of y^ aboves^ Order of their 
Maty" Presid* & Councell, as allso a Copy of y« Acco*" attested 
by M^ Secretary Cole, I remain 

Rt Honbl^ 

most Humble & Obedient Serv* 


To y^ R* Hon'ble y^ Com^^ 
of their Maty" Navy 
Duplicates Sent 

To Thomas Byrd 

Virg'a July 25*^ 1690 

Dear Bro : 

Yo^" I rec^ by Doct" Tubb & heartily congratulate yoiir 
Marriage wishing you both all imaginable Happiness, Pray give 
mine w*^ my wives Service to our Sister your wife & accept y^ 
SamiC yo"" selfe w*^ thankes for y^ Gloves. 

I should bee glad to hear from both my Sisters Robinson & 
Guy fare but they dont thinke itt worth their while to lett 
mee hear from them, therefore should desire you to informe 
mee by yo'" next. 

Pray give my Service to all our friends, & Salute your good 
wife from mee, for I am sure no man wishes you more happiness 

Yo"" Loving Bro: & Serv* 


To my Bro Tom 

p Ruddes 

To Warham Horsmanden 

Virg'a July y« 25 1690 

Worthy S^ 

I rec^ two from you this year, w :^ gave us great Satisf accon 



in hearing of all yo^ healths att Purleigh, amidst late amazing 
revolutions, & truely I must acknowledge that it Seems apparent 
to mee, that none can bee So happy or contented as those 
that are retired from Public business, or great Traffic, exper- 
ience of y^ trouble & danger in both cases 1 have had Severely 
last year, though I hope w*^ y^ help of Some more potent Gold 
to Secure my first Station, & for my Losses, (I thanke God) 
I can bear w*^ Patience, tho a few Such, would put mee out of 
danger of Loosing Soe much again: 

I have wrote to Mess""^ Perry to Send for my Son (1) for Lon- 
don & there to put him into business, & lett him Leame what 
may bee wanting yet to accomplish him for that purpose I 
have also order'd m^ Perry to take y^ Girls from School, but 
must confess I am Som.ewhat m.ore at a Losse how to dispose 
of them, since London cannot bee So convenient, & to Send for 
them hither (at least in these times) is very improper therefore 
must leave itt to them to dispose of the girls as well as they can, 
not doubting herein your assistance; 

Colo. Ludwell (2) I find hath done no great matter by his 
long Stay in England, haveing rather exasperated matters, 
than done himselfe any good, My Lady & hee were lately both 
in health. 

My wife & family (I thanke God) are indifferent well, onely 
I had lately one murdered & two carry ed away by the Indians 
within this twelfe moneths I hope to gett Setled att Westopher 
(3) (w^h X bought last year) where (at least our Selves) will 
bee out o^ Danger. Pray accept of our duty to yo^ selfe & 

(1) William Byrd, the son, was now fifteen years of age. 

(2) Col. Philip Ludwell went to England in the latter part of 1688 
carrvine a petition of the House of Burgesses for relief from the Governor 
Lord Effingham's misgovernment Ludwell presented the petition to 
the Privy Council on March 28, 1689. He was successful m attaining 
favorable action on most of the points treated of . Byrd was a friend of 
Effingham's and Apparently did not look with favor on Lud^vell s mis- 
sion ; but in 1691 the House of Burgcs^ses gave him a vote of thanks^ 
See biographical sketch of Ludwell m this Magazine I, 174-178. My 
Lady" was his wife, Lady Frances Berkeley. 

(3) In 1688, Wm. Byrd bought Westover, 1200 acres, from Theodereck 
and Richard Bland. 



our mother, & give our blessing to Child- (when you see 
them) best respects & Service to all our friends I remam 

Worthy S"^ 

Yo"^ Obedient Son & Serv* 

To ffather Horsmanden 

To Daniel Horsmanden 

Virg'a July y« 25*^^ 1690 

Dear S^ 

I am Sorry I could receive but one from you last year, but 
considering your condition, was forced to excuse you, when I 
reflect what happiness you proposed to your Selfe in the near 
injoyment of So Sweet & beautiful a Mistress, but was so 
unfortunately prevented by one of y« most tmwellcome dis- 
tempers (4) that could afflict a Lady of Youth & beauty, w:^ 
must bee a Sensible affliction to her Lover, not only by pro- 
longing the happy day hee had proposed, but by debarring 
him from the Society of the object hee held most dear & loved 
as himselfe ; I hope this will find you & y « (I believe I may call 
her your) good Lady in p'fect health, to whom I wish all the 
happiness this transitory world can afford, & that^ you meet 
none of the thomes, but all y^ pleasures of Matrimony 
My wife & family I thanke God are in good health onely 
lately I had one killed, two carryed away by the Indians, 
If ye french com.e not w*^ them wee m.ay bee in hopes of con- 
tinueing able to indure a Small incursion now & then from y« 
Indians alone. However I designe (God willing) to remove 
downe River ab* 20 or 30 Miles where I am now building 
& hope you will Send us (according to yo"^ promise your, 
(w*^ yo^ fair Lady's) Picture to adorn my new house. I have 
ordered Will for England & left him in m^ Perry's care to put 
him to business, & to let him learn what miay bee farther fjtt 
to make him accomplish'd, I doubt not but you will give him 

(4) Doubtless the di sease was small-pox. 



good advice, I likewise Order 'd m'" Perry to take girls from 
Hackny, but how to dispose of y'"" know not London being 
no fitt place for them, & I have no relations in y'^ Country, 
Sister Nulty hath girls enough of her owne, I would bee glad 
(if you & yo^ Lady thinke fitt) that you would take one or both 
(unless Somewhat else may offer) for Sometime, & I would 
willingly pay what you Should reasonably desire: I p^ y® 
old Gen* £20 ^ m'" Perry Since I came away. 

Pray my Service to S^ Charles Tirrell & my Lady, m^ Jay is 
(in health) att my new plantation att Westopher where I am 
now building to Looke after affairs there. Please to give my 
best respects & Service to all friends, & accept y*' Same to yo'^ 
Selfe & Lady, w :^ my utmost good wishes from 


Yo^ Oblidged Loveing Bro : & Humble Servant 


To Bro: Danll: 

To Rand 

Virg'a July y^ 25*^^ 1690 

Dear S'" 

I rec^ the favour of one from you this year S^ to come by 
Colo Ludwell, but by mistake was put. on board Someother 
ship bound for Some remote part of the Country, w :^ made itt 
long ere itt came to hand. However itt was very wellcome, 
bringing us the good news of yo'"^ our Sisters & the family's 
good health w:^' I pray God continue. 

I doubt not but you may have had considerable taxes during 
these late revolutions, but Still you injoy what you have in 
peace whilst others daily venture a great part of theirs to Sea, 
where if they escape the Enemy, are often lost by Tempest. 
I had too Sad experience of this last year, therefore I must be- 
lieve A private Gen* life in y^ Country to bee (att this time) 
most eligible. 

When the body is disturbed the members needs bee affected 
therefore wee here, can expect no Setled times, till England 
is in peace tho y^ greatest damage hath been here lately was by 



Indians, I had one of my family kild & two carryed away ab<^ 
a moneth Since. 

My wife & girl are (I thanke God) in health, as allso all our 
friends & give their best respects to you & my good Sister. 

Pray remember mee to Honest Dudley, m^ Knowles, & Jack 
Jenkins (to whom I wish much joy) w^^^ all their good wives, 
& accept of my humble Service to your selfe, my Sister, & the 
Children, I am 


Yo^ affectionate Bro : 
& Humble Serv* 

To Bro: Rand 

To William Byrd 

Virg'a July y« 25*^ 1690 

Dear Son 

I rec^ Several! from you this year, & had wrote to you ere 
this, but all y« ships being Stop'd to goe w> y« Convoy, I had 
no other oppertunity. I am heartily glad to hear you had 
your health So well, & hope to find you have improved your 
time so, that you may answer the expectation of all your 
friend s. 

According to your desire I have wrote to Mess" Perry & Lane 
to Send for you to London there to leame what may bee farther 
fitting for you and allso to imploy you about Business, wherein 
I hope you will indeavour to acquaint yourself e that you may 
bee no Stranger to itt when necesity will require you to at- 
tend itt. 

But above all bee mindfull of yo'' duty to Heaven, and then 
you may bee assured God will bless you in all your undertakings. 

;Pray when you come to London lett me hear from you often, 
for there you cannot want oppertunitys. 

Yo'- mother is in health & gives you her blessing, your Sister 
Mary is well & all friends 

God bless thee in all thy ways is the Hearty Prayer of 
Thy Affectionate ffather 


To my Son Wm 



To Mr Tenserfe 

Virg'a July 25*^ 1690 

I am Sorry these unhappy tiraes have hind 'red us from Send- 
ing to your port though Indeed our Tobo hath not given any 
incouragem* these two years & I fear itt this, Crops hitherto 
being very unlikely: ffraight being here now for London att 
£14 & £16 ^ ton, & not to bee had neither att these rates. 

Ab* a year & a halfe Since I rec^ from Mess""" Perry & Lane 
an }/2 Anchor of Rhenish wine, but they mention 'd nothing 
of itt to mee, onely itt was in the Bill of Ladeing, So that I 
wrote to m^ Perry last year ab* itt who told miee I was oblidged 
to you for itt, I now retume you my hearty thankes & beg par- 
don I did not take notice thereof before, Since I w^as alltogether 
ignorant & y^ Error was on m"" Perry's Side. The wine (al- 
though y^ Caske was Somewhat Leaky) was extraordinary 
Good, better then any I had in Bottles, & if wee would find 
a way to Settle our trade, itt would doe well, especially in this 
Scarcity of Clarett. I returne you my reall thanks for yo"" 
kindness to my Son, I have ordered him now for London as 
m"" Perry will informe you, & I hope pay all acknowledgements 
to you for yo^ civilitys w:^ have ever obliged 

Yo'" most Humble Ser\^^ 


To m"" Tenserfe 

To Perry and Lane. 

Virg'a July y^ 19th 1690 


This I hope will comiC Safe to your hands ^ Cap*^ Ruddes 
^tii 48 Tobo. & 4 of ffures & skins w^'^ was all I could 
p'suade him to take on board P P allotting mee 50 H^'-^ out of y^ 
Charter p'ty I could not p'suade y^ Master to toke y^ skins 
in over & above. I have 100 H^^ more on board taken by 
Charter p'ty from m^ North w^'' goe consigned to him, you two 



must agree ab* Tobo to take itt as itt rises, or y« Higher 
& Lower Numbers, as you please I was never So put to itt for 
fraight in my life, haveing ab* 200 H^^ Still by mee, Tatnoll 
hath offered mee 30 att £14 ^ Tun & I must be oblidged 
to consigne itt where hee pleases truely here is now no comemg 
near a Master without great observance I must confess I am 
much too blame when I was desired by Some people of y« 
greatest note & trade amongst us, to Send to Boston for a Small 
Ship or two, & lay out here to take up what West country men 
wee could, I refused trusting to yo"^ former Letters that you 
would Secure mee fraight enough, w^^ made mee neglect 
takeing itt here all y^ first part of y^ year. 

I could wish I might gett an oppertunity after fleet is gone, 
I doubt not but I should find as good a m-'ket as what goes here- 
with, I have Order 'd a review of my Tobo on Shore & find 
much very faulty, I fear you may find much Such on board, 
I doe not question but mine may fare as well as my Neigh- 
bours. I desire you to Send for my Son to London, ^ & put 
him into business, or if hee wants anything to accomplish him 
I desire hee might leame itt there. 

Also I have thoughts of takeing the Girls from Hackny, 
if I could handsomely place them in y^ Country, I have wrote 
to my Bro: Horsmonden ab* itt If hee is marryed hee may take 
one or both, I cannot thinke London a fitt place for them, & 
to Send for them in hither cannot bee convenient. 

The 24 instant is the Auditt appointed, when God willmg 
I shall Send you what bills I can expect this year, as allso charge 
upon you, for y« Govern" Salary &c. 

I find £35, 14s. to m^ Smith for Books charged in both yo'' 
Acco*^ Viz* in A D'o 1688 & allso in y« Last of A D'o 1689. 
Also a p'cell of Goods of m^ Smart I though had been Long 
Since allowed for, but if not (for I can not have time ere the 
fleet Sails to peruse his notes) I find some things charged that 
I never had Viz*, there is 2 p'cells of fine bla: Spanish Cloth, 

1 never had but one 

2 yds % fine bla : Spanish Cloth at 16 2:2: — 
3H vds fine black cloth att 18^ yrde 3 : 3 : — 

I suppose I had y"^ latter, for I never had but one Coat & 



Breeches of Black Cloth as you may remember. Another error 

5 yds 34 of fine Spanish ffrize att 6^ yde is 1: 14: 6 

w^^ was for Col 'o Ludwells Clothes & m"" Perry s'^ it should be 
charged to him on I never charged Col 'o Ludwell for y ' Same. 

I hope you will discourse m"" Blathwait & m"" Povey (to both 
of them I thinke to write at Large) about w°^ v/ay I might 
purchase, m'" Aylway out of y® Audito""^ place, that I might bee 
Settled in itt in peace Col'o Ludwell hath wrote to Aylvay the 
letter I designe to Send to you or m"" Povey its open & there 
you will find how hee utterly declines the place on any termes. 
Hee had formerly agreed w*'' Aylway to accept a Deputation 
for halfe Pfits, but either by Misunderstanding or otherwise 
m'" Aylway put two year instead of 4; But I had much rather 
buy itt quite out, & I believe w*^ y® Assistance of m"" Blath- 
wait & m^ Povey the thing might bee done without incurring 
any danger of y^ Law against purchaceing offices, Col'o Ludwell 
tells mee hee believes m^ Aylway would take £300 for y® 
place If I might assured to bee Safe in itt, I should bee willing 
to give itt provided I might bee Secure then. I hope itt may 
bee complyed w**' cheaper, but must on the whole Matter 
leave itt to you there, who may bee much better able to Judge 
then wee here. 

Wee have wrote to you a Generall letter about the ffriend 
ship therefore 1 shall not mention that nor y^ designe of Bradly 's 
puike any farther, I shall bee willing to comply with what y® 
Rest propose. I shall not farther trouble you, but desire you to 
give my blessing to y® Children. My best respects & Service 
to all where due I remain 


Yo" Humble Serv* 

W B 

To P. L. ^ Ruddes 

(To be continued.) 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-1682. 


VIRGINIA IN 1681-1682. 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and Copies in the McDonald 
and De Jarnette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 

Dec. 22. 

Mem 'dm— That the Report of the Lords 
OF Trade and Plantations to the King dated 
the 13*^ Inst, (which see) being read in Council 
on the 22^ Dec. 1681, was approved except 
what concerns Robert Beverly (1) and Col. 
Hill wherein Sir John Berry is to be summoned 
and the complaint of the Commissioners to be 
again examined. 

(Col. Entr^^ Bk. No. 82, p. 6.) 

Jan'y 12, 

Jan'y 16. 

Whitehall Jan. 12, 1681-2 

Minutes of a Committee of Trade and 
Plantations — Draughts of Commission and 
Instructions prepared for Lord Culpeper as 
Governor of Virginia, read: ordered that his 
Lordship take them into consideration and 
return his objections (if he have any) in writing 
on Thursday next. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, p. 333.) 

Jan. 16, 1681-2 
Order of the King in Council — His 
Majesty taking notice that the ships bound for 
Virginia upon which the money appointed for the 

(1) This refers to Culpeper's recommendation that Beverley and 
Hill be restored to their offices. 



pay of the two Companies there, was put on 
board, were yet detained in the Downs, Orders 
that three months pay more be allowed to the 
said Companies, which is to be continued 
unto them until the first of April next — and 
the Lords of the Treasury are directed to provide 
and transmit the said money accordingly. 
(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 82, pp. 9-10.) 

Mile-End Green, Jan. 17, 1681-2 
1681-2 Sir John Berry to William Blathwayt — 

Jan'y 17. Received his letter when at death's door 
Mile-End in a violent fever — To inform the Lords 
Green (of Trade and Plantations) that he has no papers 
in his possession which concern M"^ Beverly, 
M"" Hill or any other persons of Virginia — All 
papers and accounts were in the custody of 
Col. Moryson (2) who delivered them to the 
Council Board before his death. 1. p. 
(Colonial Papers.) 

Whitehall, Jan. 19, 1681-2 

1681-2 Minutes of a Committee of Trade and 

Jan'y 19. Plantations — Officers of Customs attend with 

Whitehall account of exports and imports from & to the 

Plantations for Oct. last, and represent the evils 

that may arise, if bonds given in Virginia by 

Masters of ships for making true entries there 

should be put in execution in Virginia, upon 

infonnation to be gathered from these accounts, 

as the Masters terr ified would venture to run 

(2) Col. Francis Moryson. who had been Governor of Virginia from 
April 1661 until late in 1662, and also one of the English Commissioners 
for the suppression of Bacon's Rebellion. See this Magazine II, 382:385. 
He died in 1680 or 1681. 

VIRGINIA IN 16811682. 


their goods as they pay five Pounds in England 
instead of 2s. in Virginia— Lord Culpeper at- 
tends—his Commission read— desires power to 
make up the number of Councillors from seven 
nine— agreed to report this particular to 
his Maj. in Council— It being referred to the 
Committee by Order in Council of 18*^ inst.'to 
consider, of the manner of restraining the 
Assembly from meeting until Lord Culpeper 's 
arrival, their Lordships will propose a letter to 
Sir H. Chicheley forbidding him to call an 
Assembly without the consent of seven of the 
Council at least. Ordered that Lord Culpeper 
farther consider draught of his Commission & 
Instructions & put in writing any exceptions. 
2 pp. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, pp. 337-339.) 

Whitehall, Jan. 20, 1681-2 
1681-2 The King to Sir Henry Chicheley, Lieut. 

Jan 'y 20-21. Governor of Virginia— His Majesty intending 
Whitehall. within few months to direct Thomas Lord 
Culpeper to repair to his Government of Vir- 
ginia, v/ith the signification of our pleasure 
upon the several particulars propounded unto 
us concerning the same, The King requires them 
not to call any Assembly or permit them to sit 
until the 10*^ Nov. next ensuing the date hereof 
unless by the consent of seven or more of the 
Council they shall find it necessary to convene 
the same before that time. 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 99. Another copy 
of this letter dated 21 January is entered in 
Col. Entry Bk. No. 82, pp. 11-12.) 



Council Chamber Jan. 21, 1681-2 
1681-2. The Lords of Trade and Plantations to 

Jan 'y 21. the King — They have prepared such a Conunis- 
Council sion and Instructions for Lord Culpeper as 
Chamber. they thought proper for his Maj. service — • 
It is provided in the Commission that his Lord- 
ship shall have power to constitute so many 
Councillors as shall make up the number of 
seven. But his Lordship desiring the power of 
appointing so many Councillors as shall at any 
time make up the whole number of nine, their 
Lordships submit the same to his Maj, de- 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 82, p. 14.) 

Whitehall Jan. 21, 1681-2 
1681-2 Minutes of a Committee of Trade and 

Jan 'y 21 Plantations — Draught of letter to Sir H. 

Whitehall Chicheley approved forbidding him to call an 
Assembly without the consent of seven of the 
Council at least until 10*^ Nov'' next — Lord 
Culpeper 's instructions read; that concerning 
the freedom of Virginia ships to be left out — • 
An Act made in 1661 entitled Appeals ( 3) have to 
be made, to be repealed — no Appeal to be made 
to the Assembly on any account whatsoever — 
Opinion that in all cases Appeals above £100 
be made to the King — that an Instruction pro- 
vide that the Governor & Council propose to 

(3) Its right to be an appellate court was long a subject of dispute 
between the Assembly and the Governor and Council. The act of 1661 
referred to, is in Henning II, 65, &c. Culpeper's announcement of the 
instructions from the king abolishing the practice of appealing to the 
Assembly was made on May 23, 1683 (Henning III, 550). The order in 
regard to servants imported would seem to abolish the ancient "head 
right" title to 50 acres for every person who came into the Colony; but 
if this was the meaning the ruling was not long enforced for in 1705 (Hen- 
ning III, 304), an act of Assembly gives the old importation rights. There 
is no mention of their ever being suspended. 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-1682. 


the Assembly the best methods of trying appeals 
before said Gov. & Council, under that value — 
That no land be set out on account of Christian 
servants at their importation, but, that 50 acres 
be allotted upon becoming free — The Gov. & 
Council may raise the price of foreign coins 
by Proclamation only but all imposts & duties 
to be paid according to the intrinsic value of 
same— To consider Robert Beverley's matter 
when Sir John Berry, who is sick, is able to 
attend— Former directions concerning the Dec- 
laration of the Assembly touching the public 
records to be inserted in his Lordship's in- 

(Colonial Entry Bk. No. 106, pp. 339-340.) 

Jan (?) 1681-2 

1681-2 Mem 'dm — That the Report of the Lords 

Jan'y ? of Trade and Plantations to the King of the 
to follow 21. 21^* Jan'y (which see) was approved in Council 
and ordered that power be given to Lord Cul- 
peper by his Commission to appoint so many 
Councillors as shall at any time make up the 
full nimiber of nine. 

(Col. Entry Bk. No. 82, p. 14.) 

Commission to the Lord Culpeper 
Governor of Virginia 
27*^ of Nov. 1682. 
Charles R. 

Our Will and Pleasure is that you prepare 
a Bill for Our Royal Signature to pass Our 
Great Scale in the words or to the effect fol- 



Charles the Second by the Grace of God King 
of England, France and Ireland, Defender of 
Faith &c. To Our Right Trusty and Well 
beloved Thomas Lord Culpeper Greeting. 
Whereas by Our Letters Patents under Our 
Great Seal^ of England bearing date the eighth 
day of July in the seaven and twentieth year 
of our Reigne Wee granted unto you Thomas 
Lord Culpeper the Office of Our Lieutenant 
and Governor General of all that Our Colonic 
and Dominion of Virginia in America, with all 
its Rights, Members and appertinances what- 
soever. To hold execute and enjoy the said 
Office during your natural life, next and im- 
mediately after the death, surrender forfeiture 
or other sooner determination of the interest of 
Sir William Berkley Knight. 
To act ac- 1. And whereas the said S"" William Berkley 
cording to being now deceased you are from the day of 
his Com- his decease, by Virtue of Our said Letters 
mission Patents become legaly possessed of the said 
and such Office of Our Lieutenant and Governor Gen- 
further eral of Our said Colonic and Dominion of 
Instruc- Virginia during your natural life, as aforesaid, 
tions as he Wee do therefore for your better guidance 
shall and direction therein, hereby require and 

receive command you to doe and execute all things in 
under due manner that shall belong unto your said 
his Ma'tys Office and the Trust Wee have reposed in you, 
signet & according to the several powers Instructions 
signe manual and Authorities mentioned in these presents, or 
and ac- such farther Powers instructions and Authori- 
cording ties as you shall now receive or which shall at 
to the Laws any time hereafter, bee granted or appointed you 
made by under Our Signet and Signe Manual and 
him with according to such reasonable Laws and Statutes 
the Council as now are or hereafter shall be made and 
and As- agreed upon in such manner and form as is 
sembly. hereafter expressed. 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-1682. 


To take the 
Oaths of 
and Su- 
and that of 
to be ad- 
by three of 
the Coiincil 

and hee 
to give y® 
Oaths of 
and Su- 
as alsoe the 
Test and the 

Oath of 
to each of 
the Council. 

Power to 
any of the 

That upon 
death or 
absence of 
any of the 
said Coun- 

2. And it is Our Will and Pleasure that you 
the said Thomas Lord Culpeper having after your 
arrival at Virginia and Publication of these Our 
Letters Patents first taken the Oaths of 
Allegiance and Supremacy together with the 
Oath of duely executing the Office and Trust of 
Our Lieuten* and Governor General of Our said 
Colonic and Dominion of Virginia (which Our 
Council in the said Colonic or any three of 
them are hereby required, authorized and 
impowered to give and administer unto you 
and in your absence to Our Lieutenant or 
Deputy Governor) you shall administer unto 
each of the Members of the said Council as 
alsoe to Our Lieutenant or Deputy Governor 
as well the Oaths of Allegians and Supre- 
macie and the Test mentioned in an Act of 
of Parliament, made in the 25**^ year of Our 
Reigne intituled an Act for preventing dan- 
ger which may happen from Popish Recusants, 
as the Oath for y« due execution of their 
Places and Trust. 

2. And Wee doe hereby give and grant unto 
you full power and authority to suspend any 
of y^ Members of the said Council from sitting, 
voting and assisting therein as you shall find 
just cause for soe doing. 

4. And Our Will and Pleasure is that if 
by the death Departure out of the said Colony 
or suspension of any of Our Counsellors, there 
shall happen to be a vacancy in our said Coun- 
cil (any Three whereof Wee do hereby appoint 
to be a Quorum) Wee doe hereby require you 
to certify unto us by y^ first opportunity such 



whereof are 
to be a quor- 
rum) he 
certify the 
same to 
the King 
supply the 

Power to 
when there 

shall be 
fewer than 
Nine so as to 
Compleat the 
said Number 
of Nine 
are to be 
confirmed by 
the King. 

Noe Coun- 
sellors dis- 
placed to 
be of the 

Power with 
advice of the 
Council to 
call As- 

vacancie by the death, departure, suspension 
or otherwise of any of Our said Councellors 
that Wee may under Our Signe Manual con- 
constitute and appoint others in their room. 

5. But that Our affairs at that distance 
may not suffer for want of a due nimiber 
of Counsillors if ever it shall happen that there 
are less than Nine of them residing in Our saide 
Colonic, Wee do hereby give and grant unto you 
full power and authority to choose as many 
persons out of the principal Freeholders In- 
Inhabitants thereof as will make up the full 
number of the Council to be Nine and noe more. 
Which persons soe chosen and appointed by 
you shall be to all intents and purposes Coun- 
sellors in Our said Colonic until either they are 
confirmed by Us or that by nomination of other 
Counsellors by Us under Our Signe Manual 
and Signet the said Council hath above Nine 
persons in it. 

6. And Our Will and Pleasure is that every 
Member of the said Council suspended by you 
or displaced by Us shall be imcapable dur- 
ing such suspension and after being so displaced, 
to be a Member of the General Assembly. 

7. And Wee do hereby give and grant 
unto you full power and Authority with the 
advice and consent of the said Council, from 
time to time as need shall require, to summon 
and call General Assemblys of the Freeholders 
and Planters within your Government in manner 
and forme as is now practiced in Virginia. 

VIRGINIA IN 1681-1682. 


The persons 8. And Our Will and Pleasure is that 

to be elected persons thereupon duly elected by the major 

out of the part of the Freeholders of the respective Coun- 

Major part ties and places and soe returned (and hav- 

of the Free- ing before their sitting taken y« Oaths of 

holders, and Allegiance and Supremacy which you shall 

to take the commissionate fit persons under the Publick 

Oaths of Scale to administer and without taking which 

Allegiance none shall bee capable of sitting though 

andSu- elected— shall be call' d and held the General 

premacy. Assembly of that Our Colonic and Dominion, 

Who are 9. And that you the said Thomas Lord Cul- 
to make peper by and with the advice and consent of 
Laws. Our said Council and Assembly or the major 
part of them respectively have full power and 
authority to make, constitute and ordain 
Laws, Statutes and Ordinancies for the public 
Peace, Welfare and good Government of Our 
said Colonic, and of the People and Inhabit- 
ants thereof and such others as shall resort 
thereto and for the benefit of Us, Our Heirs 
and Successors. 

Agreeable to 10. Which said Laws, Statutes and Ordi- 
the Laws nances are to bee (as neer as conveniently 
of England, may bee) agreeable unto the Laws and Statutes 
of this Our Kingdom of England. 

To be trans- 11. Provided that all such Laws, Statutes 

mitted under and Ordinances of what nature and duration 

the Publick soever bee within three Months or sooner 

Scale within after making of y^ same transmitted unto 

three months Us under the Publick Scale of Virginia for Our 

foi; Appro- allowance and approbation of them; as alsoe 

bation. Duplicats thereof by the next Conveyance. 




by his 
Ma 'tie to 
bee Void. 


to have a 

With power 
to prorogue 
and dissolve. 

To use and 
keep the 

Publick Seal. 
To admin- 
ister the 
Oath of 
to whom 
he shall 
think fit. 

12. And in case all or any of them (being 
not before confirmed by us) shall at any time 
be disallowed and not approved and soe sig- 
nified by Us Our Heirs and Successors under 
Our or Their Signe Manual and Signet, or by 
order of Our or Their Privy Council unto you the 
said Thomas Lord Culpeper or to the Com- 
mander in Chief of Our said Colonic for the time 
being, then such and soe many of them as shall 
bee so disallowed and not approved shall 
from thenceforth cease, determine and bee 
utterly void and of none effect anything to the 
contrary thereof notwithstanding. 

13. And to the end nothing may be passed 
or done by the said Council or Assembly to 
the prejudice of Us Our Heirs or Successors 
Wee Will and ordain that you the said Thomas 
Lord Culpeper shall have and enjoy a Nega- 
tive Voice in the making and passing of all 
Laws, Statutes and Ordinances as aforesaid. 

14. And that you shall and may likewise 
from time to time as you shall judge neces- 
sary adjourn prorogue and dissolve all General 
Assemblys as aforesaid. 

15. And Our Will and Pleasure is that you 
shall and may keep and use the Publick Scale 
already appointed by Us for Virginia. 

16. And Wee do further give and grant unto 
you the said Thomas Lord Culpeper full 
power and authority from time to time and 
at any time hereafter by yourselfe or by any 
other to bee Authorized by you in that be- 
halfe to administer and give the Oath of Al- 
legiance now established in this our Realm 
of England to all and every such persons as you 
shall think fit who shall at any time or times 
pass into Our said Colonic or shall be resident 
or abiding there. 

(To be continued) 




(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Piccadilly, London, W., and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

Richard Chamberlaine of Astly, county Warwick, Esq. 
Will 7 October 1629; proved 12 May 1630. To be buried in 
the Church of Astley. By various grants and leases of Manor of 
Astley and lands in Bentley,Ansley, Riton,Bedworth, Fellongley, 
Arley and Corley, county Warwick for benefit of Jane Chamber- 
laine my daughter the wife of Richard Chamberlaine of Temple- 
house, county Warwick and for benefit of Richard, Thomas 
and John the three sons of said daughter. Said Richard 
Chamberiaine of Temple house and Jane his wife in Trinity 
1624 filed a bill in Chancery against me said Richard and Ed- 
ward Chamberiaine my son and Edward Chamberiaine my 
grandson and against John Gobert and Steven Hales Esqre 
deceased and Humfry Cole Esq. I charge my son in law 
Richard Chamberiaine and my daughter Jane Chamberiain 
to continue the said manor in namx and blood of Chamberlaines. 
I have already given marriage portions to two daughters of my 
son John Chamberlaine deceased and now to Elizabeth and 
Fraunces two other daughters £100 each and £5 yeariy for 
maintenance. To married daughters of John 40s. each. To 
Humfrey Adderiye Esq £300 and Richard Baldwin gent 
£100 which they have paid for my son John's debts. If my 
son Edward and grandchild Edward Chamberlaine confirm- the 
grant of the Manor to son in law Richard Chamberlaine before 
18 months then Edward my grandchild and Elizabeth his 
wife and others their children shall have the Annuity of £200 
mentioned in an indenture made by me, Richard Chamberlaine, 
my son in law and Jane his wife, and Edward Chamberlaine 
m.y grandchild dated 1 June 1625. My sons Edward and Robert 



Chamberliane not to molest my son in law. To my daughters 
Margaret and Elizabeth 40s. each. To servant Marie Field 
£10. To Poor of Astley 40s. Residuary Legatees and Ex- 
ecutors: daughter Jane and her son Richard. Overseers: 
Son in law and Humphrey Colles of Bicknell, county Warwick. 
Witnesses: Himifrey Colles, Henry Monforte, Thomas Cham- 
berlaine, Richard Westly, Alexander Lynde, Mary Feild and 
Ed: Wayste. Scroope 41. 

fin the chancel of St. Peters Church, New Kent County, Virginia, 
is a mural tablet (now nearly hidden by a modem lath and plaster par- 
tition which should be removed) bearing the following inscription 

"Near this place lyes interred the 
Body of Mr. Wm. Chamberlayne 
late of this Parish merch't 
Descended of an Ancient and 
worthy Family in The County of 
He married Elizabeth ye eldest 
Daughter of Richard Littlepage of 
This County, by whom he has 
left issue, three sons, Edward Pye, 
Thomas & Richard, & Two daughters 
Mary & Elizabeth. 
Ob. 20th Aug't, 1736, Aetat 36. 
Hoc marmor exiguum. suum 
Amoris monumentum Posuit 
Conjunx Moestissimi 

Also Ann K.idly Bom since 
Her Fathers Decease" 

Wilham Chamberlayne has many descendants; but it is with the 
English ancestry that this note is concerned. The name of the son 
Edward Pye Chamberlayne gives the clue. 

The registers of the parish of Dewchurch, Herefordshire, contain 
entries of the baptism., on Oct. 29, 1605, of Bridget, daughter of Sir 
Walter Pye, of TheMynde, in that parish; of her marriage, Sept. 26, 1627, 
to Richard Chamberlayne, Esq.; of the death, Oct. 2, 1699, of Magdalen, 
wife of Thomas Chamberlayne, and of the baptisms of the following 
children of Edward Pye Chamiberlayne, Gent; and Ann his wife: 
(1) Edward Pye, Aug. 4, 1691; (2) Thornas, April 18, 1693; (3) Ricnard. 
March 26, 1695; (4) George, Aug. 12, 1697; (5) William, Sept. 25, 1699; 
(6) Ann, Aug. 15, 1700; (7) Mary, Feb. 2. 1702. It will be noted that the 
birth of the William baptised at Dewchurch would correspond exactly 
with the age of William of Virginia. 

Two other sons of E. P. Chamberlayne, the elder, can probably be 
accounted for. There are in Surry Co., Va., several powers of attorney, 
dated 1734 &c, from Thomas Chamberlayne, of Bristol, merchant, and 
the Va. Gazette, in 1736 or 1737, announced the loss of the ship "Pye", 
belonging to Mr. Thomas Chamberlayne of Bristol. In Familiae Min- 
orum Gentium (Harleian Society) in a Clarke pedigree is given the 


marriage of Mary (bom 1698, died July 17, 1747) daughter of Samuel 
Clarke to Thomas Chamberlayne, of Bristol, merchant. They had 
issue- (1) Edward Pye, born May 2, 1733, died 1742; (2) Thomas Gunter, 
bom Aug. 17, 1735, died Aug. 19; (3) Thomas, died ^oung; (4) Ann, bom 
Feb. 8, 1737-8. 

Atkins History of Gloucestershire (1711) says, concemmg the manor 
of Dymock: "Edward Pye Chamberlain is the present lord thereof, 
who hath a very good seat called the Bois, and a great estate." Fos- 
brooke. in "Abstracts of Records (&c) respecting the County of G lou- 
cester," says that Edward Seys, Esq., in 1680, "sold the manors of 
Dymock and Boyce, the mansion house called Boyce Place, and Sundr y 
estates, to Edw. Pye, m.erchant, who dying 1692, Edward Pye Chamber- 
layne became seized by devise to whose son of the same name they de- 
scended in 1729. In 1769 he sold to Mrs. Ann Cam." 

In the church at Dymock are the following epitaphs: 

"Here lyeth the Body of 
Edward Pye, of Boyce, Esq. 
who departed this Life, 
in Hopes of a better, 
the 31st of August, 1692 
in the eightieth year of his Age." 

Arms: Ermine, a Bend lozengy Gules, for Fye. Crest, a Cross fitchy, 

between two Wings. 

"In Memory of 
Edward Fye Chamberlain, Esq. 
of the Boyce, in this Parish, 
who died April 20, 1729, 
aged 38 years. 

Likewise of 
Elizabeth his Wife, 
who died Nov. 19, 1775, 
aged 76. 

And also of four of his Children 
who died Infants. 

This Monument was erected by 
Edward Pye Chamberlayne, Esq. 
in Duty to his worthy and deceased 

The age of Edward Pye Chamberlayne, of Dymock, corresponds ex- 
actly with the baptism of E. P. Chamberlayne at Dewchurch 

There are also at Dymock tombs of Thomas Wall Esq. (d-1694) and of 
"Mary Chamberlain, widow and Relict of Thomas Wall, of Lintridge 
in this Parish, Esq., of the Family of Edward Pye, Esq., Lord of the 
Manor of Great Dymock' ' who died in 1707 . The Visitation of Gloucester- 
shire 1682-3, states that Thomas Wall, aged 23, 1683, married Mary, 
daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne, of London, merchant"; and among 
the allegations for marriage license, (Vicar General of Canterbury) 
is the following: "Thomas Wall, of Dymock, &c. Gloucester, Gent,, 
about 22, and Mrs. Mary Chamberlayne, of St. Gyles Cripplegate, 
London, spinster, about 17, with consent of her mother, Mrs. Ehzabeth 
Chamberlain widow." 



The identity of Richard Chamberlayne Esq., who in 1627, married 
Bridget Pye is shown by a tomb at Astley, Warwickshire. 

fA cheveron between tnree escollaps.] 


fA bend Lozenge.]" 

The Visitation of Warwickshire 1619, has the following pedigree of 
the Chamberlaynes of Astley: r r , , ■> 

Edward Chamberlayne, of Sherborne m the County of Oxford had 
two sons: U) Sir Leonard, of Sherborne, eldest son, (2) Edward Chamber- 
layne of Astley, Warwickshire, 2d son. This Edward had a son Edward 

Chamberlayne of Astlev, Esq., who married Harecourt, and had 

a son Richard of Astley, 1619, tne name of whose wife is not .^^iven. 
Richard had issue: (1) Elizabeth, married George, or Gerrard Gifford, 
of Chillington, Co., of Stafford; (2) Jane, married Richard Chamberlayne 

of the Court of Wards; (3) John, married Grevill (and had Edward 

son and heir, Elizabeth, Mary, Frances, Margaret and Jane); (4) Ed- 
ward; (5) Robert; (6) Margaret. , r . c -1 ■ 

Richard Chamberlayne, who was the head of the family m 1619, was 
the Richard whose will is given above. He had, evidently conveyed 
the Astley estate to his son-in-law Richard Chamberlayne. It is prob- 
able that it was Richard, son of the latter and named in his grandfathers 
will, who m.arried Bridget Pye, and died in 1654. 

The Visitation of Oxfordshire, 1634, shows that a daugnter of Richard 
Chamberlayne (tne son-in-law of the will) married into still another 
branch of the family. It states that Sir Thomas Chamberlayne of 
Wickham Castle, Oxfordshire, a Justice of the Court of Common Pleas, 
had a son Thomas, 22 years old 1635. who married Anne (Jane?) daughter 
of Richard Chamberlayne of Templehouse, Warwickshire, of the Court 
of Wards and Liveries, descended from the Chamberlay.ies of Denford. 
The same pedigree shows that Sir Richard Chamberlayne, of Sherborne, 
(great grandfather of the Sir Thomas Chamberlayne) had a younger 
son, Thomas of Denford. ^ , . 

It is evident that Wm. Chamberlayne of Virginia was of the Astley 
family, but a good deal of work would be required to fix the exact line.] 
That there were other members of the family at Astley not named in 
the Visitation of 1619 is shown by the wills which follow.] 

Walter Chaumberleyn of Astley in the Countie of Wor- 
cester. [Warwick ?J 

Dated 22 June 1611. Proved 18 Oct. 1611. Towardes the 
Reparacons of the parishe church of Astley, three shillinges 
fower pence. 



To poor folkes, fortie shillinges, to be distributed at the Dis- 
cretion of the Overseers for the poore of Astley and of Mr 
SHEPHEARD, parson of Astley. 

To my Sonne JAMES CHAMMBERLEYN, one hundred and 
fower poundes, And my will ys that XPIAN my Wife shall 
have the moytie or one halfe of the Interest of the same so 
long as she shalbe charged for the keeping of hym. Also to 
the said JAMES, my Lease of Mytton provided that XPIAN 
my said wife shall have the Rent of the same during her life. 
To HUMFREY, my sonne, one hundred and three score 
poundes and all my ''Lambes, Slayes and gears and ymple- 
mentes belonging to weaving." 

CHRISTIAN, my said Wife shall enjoye my Lease of my 
house I hold of Mr. JAMES, during her life and after her de- 
cease to HUMFREY my said sonne and to JOHANE his 
wife and to theire heires and assignes. 

To the children of THOMAS PALMER, fower pounds. 
And to the children of my Cosin WALTER COLLIER, sixe 
shillinges eight pence, a peece. 

To my brother in lawe JOHN MARTEN his children, fyve 
shillinges a peece. And to the children of JOHN VICARIES 
of Shrawley, two shillings a peece. 

Residuary Legatees and Executors :—ZPI AN my wife and 
HUMFREY my sonne 

Supervisors:— my kynesman WALTER COLLIER and JOHN 
FARELEY of Astley. 

JOHN SHEPHEARDE, Clerke parson of Asteley, ( ^-^^^gg 

who wrote the same. S 

Proved 18 Oct. 1611 by the Executors named. Wood 62. 

JOHN CHAUMBERLEYN of Astley in the Countie of 
Warwicke, Esquire 

Dated 11 May 1618 Proved 23 Oct. 1619. 

Sentence 23 Oct. 1619. 

First I ordayne and make Executors of this my will Sr RICH- 
ARD HUSSEY of Adbright Hussey in the Countie of Salop, 
Knighte, Sr THOMAS CHEYNEY of Sondon in the Countie 
of Bedford, Knighte and HUMFREY ATHERLEY of Wedd- 
ington in the Countie of Warwicke, esquire. 



And I do will that they first paye all suche Debtes as I owe unto 
knighte, for the payment whereof my said Executors stande 
joyntlie boimd with me. 

And the Remaynder (yf any shalbe) shalbe bestowed uppon 
my daughters equallie to be devided among them. 

Proved 23 Oct. 1619 by the Executors named. 83 Parker. 
SENTENCE given 23 Oct. 1619, in a Suit between Sir RICH- 
Knight and HUMFREY ATHERLEY Esq, executors of the 
WILL of JOHN CHAMBERLEYN late of Astley, in the 
Countie of Warwick, Esq. on the one part and ELIZABETH 
CHAMBERLEYN, relict of the said deceased of the other, 
pronouncing for the sanity of deceased and in favour of the 
Will exhibited by the executors. 83 Parker. 

From the Latin. 

Eluabeth Chamberlaine of Ashley late wife of John 
Chamberlaine of Ashley, county Warwick, Esq. Will 11 
August 1620; proved 1 May 1621. £10 for a stone to cover 
my husbands Mr. Halmer 's grave. To my neece Mary Trussell 
£140. To Sir Henry Martin Knight standing cup and the re- 
fusal of my best bed, and bedding. To my sister Lewes £10 and 
some clothing. To my sister Bendsteed ring and £10. To 
my nepgew William Trussell £3. To my kinsman Richard 
Dalton £5. To John Trussell £6. To the poor £3. To Mr. 
Newdigate a ring. To my ser\^ant Edward Hinshaw 30s. 
To Dorothie Higginson my maid 20s. To my neece Amy 
Trussell £5. Residue to my neece said Mary Trussell, Exe- 
cutors: Dr. Morton Lord Bishop of Lichfield, . the Rt. Hon- 
Lord Spencer and Sir Henry Marten. To each of them £10. 
Witnesses : W. Hunsdon, Tho : Boyland, John Temple. Proved, 
by the three executors. Dale, 37. 





Extract of a Letter (1) from the Virginia Delegates in 
Congress (1781?). 

The public Creditors have for sometime past been extremely 
urgent for some effectual & permanent provision in their favor 
and seeing but little prospect of obtaining it from the United 
States are turning their applications to their own States. 
Those who are Citizens of Pennsylvania in particular have 
adopted this policy and the Legislature having rec'd no satis- 
factory answer to two memorials presented to Congress in their 
favor have been on the point of appropriating to their use a 
part of the requisition of Congress allotted for more essential 
objects — 

Should such a measure be resorted to by one State it would 
probably be received by the others as a signal to take care 
each of its separate interests. 

The Effects of such a step on the Union itself, on the Common 
Defense, on our national character and on the Councils of the 
Enemy need not be traced. 

The apprehension of them by Congress produced the inclosed 
instructions to the Superintendent of finance — 

The resolution which follows deputing three of their members 
to Rhode Island to enforce the impost 5 ^ ct. was thought a pre- 
caution no less essential. For besides the tendency of this 
fund if vested in the United States to prevent undue appro- 
priations by the States we find by melancholly experience that 
the annual contributions of the States, if left to the entire 

(1 ) In 1781 , Congress proposed an impost duty of five per cent on 
certain articles to raise money to pay the public debt. All the States 
except Rhode Island, consented. At this time John Adams was in 
Holland trying to secure a loan to the United States. 



appropriation of Congress [sic] are not only unequal to the an- 
nual expense, but unequal in point both of amount & punctu- 
ality to the interest of the annual expense. 

Unless some more effectual provision therefor be made for 
public credit every one must preconceive the dangers and per- 
plexities which await us. 

The enemy already take courage from the prospect and 
the little progress made by Mr. Adams' Loan bet^veen his 
letter in June & his last in August makes it probable that the 
attention of our friends has also been drawn to this subject. 
Indeed their disposition to lend at all can only have resulted 
from an ignorance of our affairs which the enemy would take 
care should not be of long continuance. 

How far the repugnance of Rhode Island to the impost 
will yield to these considerations is uncertain, as it is how far 
they will further reconcile to that measure the States which have 
but partially acceded to it. Our duty however requires that 
we should submit them thro your Excellency to the Judgment 
of our constituents. 
File "Audi" 

Tax on Vehicles, Northumberland County, 1773 

1773 Treasurer of Virginia in Acct with 

Spenser Mottram Ball 
June Sheriff of Northumberland County 

£ s 

By Tax on 16 Rideing 2 Wheales Chairs 
in Wiccocomioco Parrish. — --- 8 

By Tax on John Eustice's 4 Wheal 

Charriott 1 -— 

By Tax on 22 2 Wheal Chairs in Lower 
precinct in St. Stephens Parrish Col- 
lected by Jo^ Ball Jun'- 11 -- 

1774 By Tax on 22 2 Wheal chairs listed in 

Wiccocomioco Parrish & Chas. Leas 

not listed H 1^ 


By Tax on John Eustices 4 Wheal 
Charriott - 


£32 10 

To 6 P"" Ct for Collection on above 

to be deducted... - 1 19 6 

30 17 7 

1775 £ s d 

June 19 TocashP^Thos.Reid 14 1 


April 17 TocashP^Jn'oDeggs 11 16 6 25 17 6 

This Acct. ought to be proved due 

Treasury. 4 13 

Due - 5 00 0 

Feb'y 17 1777 ^ ^ 

Examined E. E. Onesiphorus Harvey D. b. 

James Cocke for Spenser M. Ball, S. N. C. 

Jacob Bruce 

A List of Wheel Carriages (2) in Elizabeth City for the 
Years 1775 & 1776 

1775 1776 
£ s £ 
Wm Armistead Chair— 10 Wm Armistead 2 Chairs 2 

Mosely Armistead Chair— 10 Mosely Armistead Chair 1 
Robert Armistead Chair— 10 John Armistead Chair 1 
Booth Armistead Es- 
tate 2 Chairs 1 — Moss Armistead Chair 1 
Jno Armistead Chair— 10 Ja. Balfour dyed & 

moved Cha't & Chair— 
Starkey Armistead Chair— 10 Tho^ Baylis Jun Chair 1 
Sam'l Allyne Chair— 10 Robt. Brights Chair 1 

James Balfour Chariot & 

Chair 1 10 Jno Brodie Chair 1 

(2) Elizabeth City County was and is one of the smallest in Virginia. 



Tho« Baylis, Chair- 
Robert Bright Chair- 
J. W. Bayley Chair- 

Jno Brodie Chair- 
Sarah Cary Cha. & Chat 
John Cary Chaii"- 
Wilson Miles 

Cary Cha. & Chat 

Lockey Collier Chair- 

Edw'^ Cooper Chair- 
Clausel Clausel 

(moved) Chair- 
Joseph Cooper Chair- 
W. R. W. Curie Chair- 
Simon Hollier Chair- 
Jno Hunter Chair- 
John Jones Chair- 
Tho« Kerby Chair- 
Henry King Chair- 
John Lowry Chair- 
Ann Lattimer Chair- 
Wm. Lattimer Chair- 
George Lattimer Chair- 
Thomas Lattimer Chair 
Edward Lattimer Chair- 
Francis Mallory Chair 
Edward Mallory Chair 

- 10 Sarah Cary Chat. & Chair 3 

- 10 John Cary Chair 1 

- 10 Wilson Miles 

Cary Chat. & Chat 3 

- 10 Lockey Collier Chair 1 
1 10 Edw^ booper Chair 1 
-10 Joseph Cooper Chair 1 

1 10 W. R. W. Curie Chair 1 

-10 Sarah Dixon Chair 1 

- 10 Elisha Hiley Chair 1 

— John Hunter Chair 1 

10 John Jones Chair 1 

10 Henry Jenkins Chair 1 
10 Tho'^ Kirby 2 Chairs 2 
10 Henry King & Co. Chair 
10 John King Phaeton 

10 Ann Lattimer Chair 

10 Wm Lattimer Chair 

10 George Lattimer Chair 

10 Thomas Lattimer Chair 

10 Edward Lattimer Chair 

10 Edw^ Mallory Chair 

10 Augustin Moore Chair 

— 10 Cary Mitchell Cha^*& Cha 3 

Chair 1 

William Mallory 2 Chairs 
Cary Mitchell Char* & Cha 
Banister r Minson Chair 

Chair — 

Chair 1 
Chair 1 

10 Banister Minson 
10 David Mossom 

Augustin Moore Chair — 10 James Naylors 

1 — Edw'^ Parrish 
1 — John Shepherd Sen- Chair 1 
• — 10 Joseph Selden's 

Estate Chair 1 

•— 10 John Tabb Chair 1 

10 James Wallace's 

Estate Chart & Char 3 

Robert Minson 
William Moore 




Edward Parrish Chair— 10 
Francis Priddlhurst 2 Chairs 1 — 


Mallory Ross 
John Shepherd Sen 
John Seymour 
Joseph Selden 
John Tabb 
Carter Tarrant 
James Wallace Cha* & Cha^ 
Martha Wallace Chariott 
Sam'l Watts Chair- 
Thomas Wootten 2 Cha^ 
Thomas Webster Chair- 
Rich^ Wilson Chair 
Worlich Westwood Chair 
Jacob Wray Chair 
Wm. Wager Chariott 
Walter M :Clung Chair- 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 
1 10 

1 — 

- 10 

1 — 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 

- 10 

1 — 

- 10 

Martha Wallace 
Sam'l Watts 
Thos. Wootten 
Thos. Webster 
Rich^ Wilson 
Worlick Westwood 
Jacob Wray 
Walter McClurg 

Chariott 2 
Chair 1 
Chair 1 
Chair 1 
Chair 1 
Chair 1 
Ch' 1 
Chair 1 




James Wallace Bailey Sherif of Eliz*^ City County 

To tax on Wheel Carriages in 1775. - £36 

To tax on Wheel Carriages in 1776 57 

By BalP^ Due. 


£ 4 

13 — 


7 — 


Sworn to before 
Thos. Everard 
9 April 1777 


Thos. Everard 
James Cocke 



List of Wheel Carriages in the County of Charlotte 
FOR THE Year 1776 


Robert Jennings 

1 Riding Chair 


Thomas Bedford 




Paul Carrington 




WiUiam Jamison 




William Hubard 



James Hunt 




Isaac Read 




Mary Read 




Thomas Read 




Clement Reade Estate 




Thomas Spencer 




Whole 26 


Thomas Read Clk 

Act. of Chears in Northampton County 1776 

Rev. Isaac Avery 


Mary Bell 



John Brickhouse 


Thom' Barlow 



John Burton 


John Bowdoin 



Halloway Bunting 


Charles Carpentor 



Rev^ Sam'l S. McCroskey 


Michael Christian 



Zerubable Downing 


Joseph Salby 



Thom« Salby, Sen'' 


Jacob Dunton 



Richards Dunton 


Richard Dunton, Jun'" 



Elias Dunton Sen"" 


John Darby 



Ralf Dixon 


Margerit Eyre 



William Floyd 


Thom^ Fisher 



Polly Fisher 


Devorax Godwin 



Archibald Godwin 


Henry Guy 



Luke Heath 


Salathiale Harrison 



John S. Harmanson 


John Harmanson 





Adah Harmanson 1 

William Harmanson 1 

Dan'l R.Hall 1 

Obedience Johnson 1 

Hancock Jacobs 1 

William Jacobs 1 

William Kendall 1 

John Mapp 1 

John Michaell, Jun"^ 1 

Thomas Nottingham 1 

Thomas Parsons 2 

Edward Robins 3 

John Rispass 2 

John Savage 1 

Wm. Satehill 2 

Jonathan Stott 1 

Jonathan Smith 1 

John Stratton 3 

Elisha Stratton 1 

Hilary Stringer 1 

Ann Thompkins 3 

John Upshur 1 

Wm. Wilkins 1 

Hanner White 1 

Margarit Bayley 1 

James Tate 1 

Thomas Underhill 1 

John Biggs 1 

George Savage 1 

Shadrick Ames 1 

John A. Rish 1 

Sheriffs Acct. for Collecting 

Henry Harmanson 



Azariale Hunt 



Laban Johnson 



Tabitha Johnson 



beaunah Jacob 



Custis Kendall 



Daniel Luke 



John Michael Sen^ 



Wm. Nottingham 



Thomas Pettit 



Arthur Robins 



William Ronald 


Nathaniel L. Savage 



Littleton Savage 



William Simpkins 



Zerubable Scott 



Thomas Smith 



Benjamin Stratton 



Griffin Stith 



William Trowers 



Thom^ Upsher 



Peter Worran 



John Wilkins (o p) 



Duglas Willet 



John L. Fulwell 



Samuel Atchison 



William Gibbs 



John Tompkins 



Leah Gault 



Sarah Gascoin 



Peter Dickinson 







Ball^ due the Country 

£ 112 2 



List of Marriage Lycenses Issued and Ordinary Ly- 
CENSES Granted in Northumberland County from the 
first day of October 1774 to the first day of October next 
following — 

Marriage Ly««^ 


Nov. 8 To James Tapscot & Elis^ Davis 

14 To John Craine & Molly Bailey.- - 

23 To Rich^ Clayton & Priscilla Lewis 

Dec. 7 To John Andersom & Judith Wildy.. - 

12 To William Nelms & Grace Ball 

20 To John Fauntelroy & Mary W. Stephens 

Jan. 7 To Will Graham & Judith S. Colston...... 

To Gidion Marshe & Molly Barnes. 

Apl. 10 To Rich 'd Neale & Jane Clayton 

June 6 To Rob* Edwards & Anna Haynis....... 

8 To Edward Diggs & Elis^ Gaskine 

Ordinary Lycenses 


Feb. 7 To Giles Boggess.- 1 15 — 

Mar. To Jesse Alexander... 1 15 

Ap'l To Cha^ Cepedge 1 1^ — 

July To Rebecca Craine.. 1 1^ 

£18 0 0 

Tho« Jones C. N. C. 

(To be continued.) 



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(From the Originals in the Library of Congress.) 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Pratt 


It is certainly a failing to persuade ourselves into expectation 
of a Sudden happiness, considering the many impediments 
we daily meet with in ye prosecution of most of our Intentions 
tho in imagination we have so fair a prospect of attaining to 
what we most desire to in]oy, as if no obstacles were in the way 
to prevent us in accomplishing our designs, from which motive 
rather than ye light of my own reason I promised myself last 
week the pleasure of waiting on you in so short a time as I 
then proposed and tho I am oblidged to bear ye tedious ab- 
sence with the greatest reluctance, I hope it is more tollerable 
to you, and that you are in perfect health and tranquility of 
Mind. I should be very unhappy to fall under your censure 
for want of paying you all ye respect that is in my power upon 
so very ingaging an occasion that without flattering I value 
equal with my life. 

I cannot say I have had any return of my illness, but it is 
daily declining yet on Friday last the cause appeared to have 
been so violent that I am still obliged to keep to strict Rules 
with ye Comfort of close confinement, the diversion of much 
impertinence & the subsistance of thin suppings, not ha\4ng 
been beholden to my Teeth these three weeks for doing their 
office which penance I am afraid I must endure some time 



longer, and suppose shall not come to my usual way of mod- 
erate living this fortnight This regularity may seem unneces- 
sarily cautious, or lilce a tenderness of self love but I do assure 
you "'tis for neither of those Reasons, for if I receive a benefit 
by it it may be attributed to you rather than any other Cause 
otherwise I should think it a matter of no great consequence. 
The time of night with my true inclination bids me wish you 
ye Sweetest rest under ye safe protection of all that is good. 
I am 

Dearest Madam 
October ye 27*^ 1725 Your most faithful, and most obedient 
Wednesday night humble Servant 

Nine a Clock Thos. Jones 

Expense Account of Mrs. Thomas Jones in England. 

I (1) arrived at Dover June ye 6, 1728. I brought from 
Virginia 9 pistoles & I received 10 guineys of Mr Randle [Ran- 
dolph] ye 25 rec'd 15 pound of him. An account of my ex- 
penses since I arrived. Augt ye 17^^ rec'd of Mr Rand 'I 
15 pound. 

£ s d 

* * * [illegible] ashore at Dover 0 15[?] 6 

The stage coach & expenses on ye road.. 2 10 0 

Hackney Coach to Capt. Randolphs & to Chel- 
sea - ^ ^ 

Coach hire and Cart hire to Ditto -0 15[ ?] 6 

A fan Is, 6d A purse Is, 6d. [entry erased].... .-.O 3 0 

to S 'r Hans Slone 2 fees. - 1 17 6 

Wednesday June ye 26 paid Mrs Randol 1[?] 15 0 

July ye 9 paid to he r [part of page missing] 

(1) Three years after Mrs. Pratt's marriage to Thomas Jones her 
health became so bad that she went to England to consult physicians, 
among them Sir Hans Sloane. A fragment of her expense account while m 
England is in the Jones Papers. A good deal of it has been mutilated 
Capt. Randolph was no doubt Edward Randolph (son of Wm. of Va ) 
then a resident of London. Flora was probably Mrs. Jones maid. It 
is one of the very few records we have of the expenses of a Virginian s 
visit to England. 



quar. of a p 'd of tea 4s. 6d. 
Half a pound of powder starch & blew [part 

Coach hire to London & carrying a trunk [part 

Carriage of a letter and other odd things [part 

To the watchman for getting things ashore 

[part missing] 
* * * ling my velvet Cap [entry erased] [part 


p 'd Capt Bradly for floras shoes & getting same 

[part missing] 
July ye 10, p 'd Mrs Randol [part missing] 
A silk handkershief 6s. 6d. & * * * [entry 

erased] [part missing] 
Paper & pens Is. Coals Is. 
boat hire to Westminster [part missing] 
July ye 11 p'd Mrs. Randol [part missing] 
Mending clogs [entry erased] 

Coach hire to & from Mrs Dr * * * lis -0 

Stage coach to hamstead 0 

boat hire to ratchf - -0 

Mrs Parkers maid « 

hampton stage and for ye car'ge of a ham 

thither - 0 

to a porter for going to Rand 'is & other things.-. 
Soap [part missing] 
Wine [part missing] 

[Part of a page including about 10 lines missing 

An account of money I have laid laid out for * * * 
10 yds & a half edging for sis. Ninny at 4s. 6d. 
4 [ ?] yds for sis Lucy at 9s. 6d. a yd 
2 pair of bath metle buckles 
1 p'r of worsted stockings 

1 yd of duffel 

2 doz & Yi pair of gloves at 5s. for a doz. 


8 [?] p'r for Mr Lister at 15s. a doz. 

Making the cloak & finding 

2 pr of Stockings, Mr. Lister 

8 p'r of thread stockings at 9 [or 4]s. 4d. a 
yard [sic] 

A pr of worsted stockings 

6 yds of black satten to line ye scarf e * * * 

4 silk handkerchiefs for Mr Lister * * * 

The haberdasher's bill 2 

300 needles at 8. ^ 

10 yds of bags ^ 

Mending old fan sticks 0 

1 pr stays for sis rachel - 2 

A stomacher - -- ^ 

6 doz. of wascoat buttons, Mr. Fitzirlian 0 

6 doz. for Mr Lister 

* * * Mr fitzion ^ 

hair powder. ^ 

* * * 


& 2 dutch 0 

* * * 1 Can for hoops 0 

* * * Velvet clogs - ^ 

* * * Calamco shoes - - ^ 

* * * green & blew ^ 

* * * Crimson lutestring at 4:S. 4d-- 0 

* * * of black at 4s -- - ^ 

* * * 

straw colour. 


* alf of white ^ 

* * * imson. ^ 

half an el of gallom - ^ 

4 masks - - ^ 

1 p's of India Calico...... - ^ 

2 p's of shambo [?]. -- ^ 


1 p's of shagreen - 

makeing ye scarf.... - - -— ^ 

6 yds of lutestring for my Mother 9s yd 2 

An ell of green to face robe it 

Augst ye 2 pd. Mrs Randal 1 

Coach hire from Mr. Listers.... -0 



postage of a letter 0 0 1 

Soap & water 0 0 9 

Augt ye 9 pd. Mrs Randol 1 15 0 

to ye coachman & wine- — .0 1 8 

* * * [illegible] of worsted for Flora [entry erased] 
[a line erased & illegible] 

A sniif box [entry erased] — - 0 9 0 

boat hire to & from Mr. Randolphs 0 9 0 

* * * [illegible] pd. Mr. Midleton. ...0 14 0 

* * * [illegible] to & from London 0 6 0 

* * * ey for ye childrens pettycoats [entry erased]0 6 0 

* * * loos for Tom & 1 for Dolly [entry erased]..0 15 0 
XX fr Sukey & * * * [illegible] for Betty Pratt 

[entry erased] 0 5 6 

* * * pettycoat [entry erased] ...0 4 0 

[Line illegible] 

* * * childrens caps & ribbons [entry erased].— 0 7 0 
***Tom.. L 0 12 0 

* * * ves 6 pair [entry erased] 0 1 0 

* * * clock [entry erased] ..0 1 9 

pd. Mrs. Rand'l. ..1 15 0 

* * * letters & 2 crosnotes fO 4 0 

* * * my things [?] from Chelsea \0 2 4 

* * * receaved from thence pd Mrs. R 0 1 9 

[line illegible] 1 10 0 

Coach hire from Chelc 0 0 6 

the stage coach to Bath & a carriage of a trunl<:....2 4 0 

carrying a box on to Mr Randolphs ..0 2 0 

A chair to the inn 0 1 6 

expences on ye road 0 13 8 

Aug ye 22 we came to bath an account of my 


Thomas Jones to Mrs. Jones in England. 

Virginia July ye 8*^^ 1728 

My Dearest Life 

I received your agreeable Letter by Capt. Ma^^ne, who gave 



me ye pleasure of leting me know he left you pretty well and 
that it was fine Weather & a good wind which prosperous 
beginning gives me great hopes of a good end, that your Voy- 
age will have its desired Effect, and that you will be perfectly 
restored to your health and as I can desire nothing so much 
I shall be in the highest expectations imaginable of hearing 
you are well by the first opportunity that offers, which you may 
be assured will be the most acceptable to me of anything next 
to the possession of your dearest Person, which I should think 
the greatest Blessing that Heaven could bestow upon me, 
and shou'd receive it with the greatest Joy unto my open arms, 
which is not Words of Course, but proceeds from the dictates 
of the sincerest affection that can be imagined, and cou'd^I 
say more that ever was said before upon this subject, it wou'd 
not be sufficient to express the tender regard and perfect In- 
clination I have for you and as I wou'd not seem inconsistant 
with myself and that you shou'd not have any Reason to be- 
lieve that my inclinations do's not keep pace with my pro- 
fessions I cannot forbear accusing myself for not writing to you 
by the last ships which has given me the most unexpressible, 
and though you may have goodness enough to excuse it, yet 
there remains the greatest difficulty of forgiving myself which 
I cannot overcome, nor shall I have any true satisfaction of 
Mind till I hear from you. The true Reason of it was, that 
having till then defer 'd writing to Col. Randolph upon many 
particulars relating to the Cary 's affairs, and mine in Order to a 
settlement, which required a great deal of consideration and 
took up a great deal of time besides a long Letter of busmess 
to Capt. Randolph (2) about my affairs with him, and at last 
cou'd not finish any of them to send by those ships, and it 
wou'd have look'd very od to have enclos'd a Letter for you 
in a bare complimentary one to him when he might have ex- 
pected something more to the purpose, but I very much repent 
I did not enclose one for you to Mrs. Pratt or Parker. I am 
afraid it has given you a great deal of uneasiness for what I am 
(2) Col Tones had business transactions with Capt. Edward Ran- 
dolph (then a merchant in London) and Robert Cary, also a London 
merchant. The Pratt mentioned was John Pratt of Manor Street, 
Chelsea, an uncle of Mrs. Jones' first husband. 



extremely sorry and had rather bear the burthen of your share of 
ye trouble and my own too than any shou'd remain upon you. 

Our family has all been very well ever since you went, 
and is so now, Madam Pratt (3) is as sturdy as ever she was, 
and I think she looks rather better than when you left her, her 
Aunt Binny and she has been bedfellows ever since, her Grand 
Ma-Ma and her grand Pa-Pa are extremely indulgent of her, 
and take a great deal of notice of the rest of the children. 

Tom for the first fortnight after you went was a little out of 
Order with his Teeth, but has been very well ever since; he, 
runs about the house, hollows and makes a noise all day long 
and as often as he can, gets out of Doors, at my return I found 
a great alteration in the use of his Feet in so short a time, 
and I believe is as forward in that as most Children of two years 
old, when he falls I order him not to be taken up by which 
means he takes it patiently unless he hurts himself pretty much ; 
he is very backward with his tongue, I use him to pa-pa; & 
Ma-ma, and in a morning he will say (not Tea) but Tee, and 
sometimes mo' which is all ye improvement he has made that 
way; he grows Tall and is a fine Boy. 

Dolly has had her health and thrives very well; and is as 
fine a Child I think as ever was bom, always pretty & pleasant, 
hardly ever cries, or hardly ever out of humor and is a most 
engaging chit I begin to think you did me a great deal of wrong 
when you reproved me for not loving her so well as Tom. 

I have sent by Capt. Towers a Box marked T. E. I. in which 
there is 4 Pint Bottles of Cittern Water, a Cagg of Sweetmeats 
which is all of those sorts that Porter brought in, and a Pott of 
Tamerins, having kept some of them myself, and there is three 
pint bottles of Bares Oyl your Mother sent with the Brasses 
belonging to the Coac h, 4 Coats (4) without the Crest, 2 Crests 

(3) "Madam Pratt" was a playful name for Betty Pratt, Mrs. Jones' 
daughter. The grandparents of the child were Elizabeth (Catesby) 
widow of Dr. William Cocke, and now wife of John Holloway, Speaker 
of the House of Burgesses. "Tom", was Thomas Jones, bom Dec 25, 
1726, died 1785-6. He was Colonel of Militia, and Clerk of Northu-^bcr- 
land County until 1781 when he removed to "Spring Garden," Hanover 
County. He married Sally, daughter of James Skelton. "Dolly" was 
Dorothea Jones, born Feb. 2d, 1727, died about 1780, who married first 
George Donald, merchant, of Glasgow, and secondly Mr. Arbuthnot. 

(4) These were the coats of arms and crests for the harness and coach. 



for the Coach and 8 Crests for ye Harness, there is 4 Topp- 
ings for the Horses wanting, which I suppose must be the Color 
of ye linings of ye Coach. I shall send you my Coat m a little 
time to have them chang'd & further directions. 

I shall not trotible you with anything further now but to begg 
of you to take care of yourself for mine and the Childrens 
sakes, as well as your own, and I hope you will consider what a 
dependence both they, & I have tipon you, for my part all ye 
real injoyment and comfort I can expect in this World is con- 
fined to you, & If it was not for the hopes of havmg your dear 
Conversation again, life would be but a burthen to me, and that 
seems to be at such a distance that tis almost insupportable. 
However let me intreat yoa to omit nothing that may contri- 
bute to your health, in point of time, expense, and all proper 
methods, & means that can be us'd, that, that Dear precious 
life may be prolong 'd which I value more than anything 
whatsoever, which with my hearty love & service to our Sister 
Rachel concludes from My Dearest Life 

Your ever affectionate Husband 

Thos. Jones. 

Pray give my love and very humble service to your Uncle 
Mark (5) & to whom else you think proper. 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Jones in England. 

Virginia ye 6*^ 1728 

My Dearest Life ^ 

The Gent'n that will deliver you this if it is not too dih-icuit 
is one Doct'r John Kirton who came hither from Barbadoes 
in order to settle with his family if he had found suitable en- 
couragem't in the way of his proffession, But as he has not, has 
determin'd to make a Voyage to England & to return from 
thence to Barbados. He has been v er^jvell_recomei^ 
(5) Mark Catesby the Naturalist. Mrs. Jones had two other Wes 
John and Jekyll Catesby, and an aunt Rachel, carried Georg^ 

Rutherford. The latter in a letter to Mrs. Jones, June 27, 1728, writes 
>ou?uScle Jekyll, together with Mrs. Bruce and your aunt are removed 
from nSiingham to his house at Lowmarsh." Judge Jones in his geneal- 
ORV of the family shows that Elizabeth, daughter of Nicholas JekyJl, of 
cStle Hedingham, Essex, married in 1670 John Catesby, of Sudbury. 
Suffolk, and was mother of Mark Catesby, Mrs. Cocke, &c. 



to me and from People that have known him in Barbados 
have told me he is a Person very well respected there, and of 
good Credit and Character. The Gentm'n supposing himself 
to be under some obligations to me tho of very little Conse- 
quence to him, offer 'd his service to pay you a Visit with this 
Letter and to let you know that we were all very well att ye 
latter end of last mo : and I can assure you that we are now in 
perfect health I told him I did not know how to direct him to 
you, & that you might be at Bath, upon which he told me 
If you was he shou'd see you there In a small Box by Capt. 
Rogers, there is two pint bottles of Citron Water, which I had 
from him, and there are three Topings for ye Coach Horses 
that I mention 'd in my former letter, Mr. Kinton told me he 
wou'd send me up some Coker Nutts, & have now writ to him 
to take them with him for you, which I hope will reach him in 
time. I got a Fawn to send you for your Son Billy but he 
killed himself in a day or two after I had him. I have laid out 
for Squirrels and Birds, but cou'd not get any to send you. 
If I can, and that I have an opportunity will send them, or 
keep them for you to send yourself when you come in. My time 
is but short by this opportunity therefore shall conclude with 
my love & service to Sister Rachel and all friends, assuring 
you that forever I am 

My Dearest Life 

Your most affectionate 
Thos. Jones 

If you go through Bristol to Bath I desire you wou'd not 
trouble Mr Lyde. If you do go I think it would be but Charity 
to see that poor unhappy boy Fred Jones, his directions to me 
is at Mr Gyde's in Bristol or Mr; Dovermore (?) at Bath 
as to any omission in him it may be for want of my taking 
notice of you to him, or the trouble he is in for his misfortune. 

I have sent you by this opportunity a Bill of Exchange on 
Mr. Wm. Dawkins for fifty poimds, which I suppose he will 
make no scruple of paying, having the effects in his hands. 
I always and ever shall be my 

Dearest y'r most affect. 

Thos. Jones 



Thomas Jones to Mrs Jones in England 

Virginia September the 30*^ 1728 

My Dearest Life 

I know not where this will meet with you, but I suppose the 
season will invite you to London, or your inclinations to Chelsea, 
where I hope you found everything at least as much to your 
satisfaction as you expected; and that you are by this time 
very much mended in your health, which woud be the most 
acceptable News to me I cou'd receive. It is impossible for 
you to imagine the many anxious thoughts I have for you 
finding no relief in anything to support my confused mind, 
but the hopes of you doing well, on which depends my only 
happiness, on the contrary my certain misery, always wishing 
for one, or dreading the tother, that I can have no true conso- 
lation till the substance appears, that has made soo deep an 
impression upon my Heart, as cannot be worn off till its Fountain 
shall fail to supply the various channels of Life 

Betty Pratt is very well, about a week ago she had two fits 
of an ague & Fever, but she has taken the Bark, and is perfectly 
recovered. She is excedingly fondled at tother House, more, 
than I think, is necessary tho she manages herself with it better 
than one cou'd expect from a Child of her age. 

Tom has been very well, he thrives every day. I wish I 
cou'd say as much of poor Dolly, having been very much 
out of Order ab't a month but has been mending this fort- 
night past, and is now pretty well. These two endearing 
Mementos of your affection claims my Love and Pity in the 
highest degree, and tho' your Mothers very Vigilant & good, 
and their Aunts very kind to them, yet, as they are insensible 
of the want of a Mother, I cannot help mourning for your 
absence as well for them as myself. I know you dont need to 
be put in mind of any Duty incumbent on you, or that you are 
regardless of us, nor, wou 'd I hasten your return sooner than you 
desire, or sooner than tis convenient for you in regard to your 
health. But to whom shou'd I address my Complaints for 
want of that which is most valuable and dearest to me, but to 
the object that under the directions and protection of the 



Almighty Power can only give me ease and all the happiness I 
can enjoy. 

I have heard of the safe arrival of Bradby (6) and the rest ofthe 
ships at that time, by a Letter from Mr. Falconer, & others 
to some People here, of ye 20*^ & 27*^ of June, by a ship which 
came out in July and arrived here ab't three weeks agoe, but 
cou'd hear nothing of you. I understand Mr Falconer gives 
an acct. that Mr. Pratt was so ill there was little hopes of his 
life if he was not Dead, for which Reason I have not writ to 
him. If he has taken his leave of this World, I think it not 
improper for you to take some notice on behalf of your Children 
[apparently something is missing here from the copy of the 
letter] opportunity, and if I find there is occasion shall leave 
nothing undone that is necessary 

I know not how to advise you in your passage back suitable 
to your convenience in point of time or any thing else, tho if 
you have found the benefit that might be hoped for, I suppose 
by the time this reaches you, you may think of looking this 
way, Bradby & Cant I think are the best ships that comes to 
York river, which may be the first this year, I can't tell, but 
perhaps a latter ship may suit you best, as Bradby was latest 
last year. The Micajah & Philip that comes to James River 
is as good as the best ships that comes hither, but Bradby 
the master seems to be a little conceited & prodigal. The 
Williamsburg is a good ship and I believe Rogers the master 
to be a good natured man, but perhaps she may [stay?l too 
long if Randolph do's come in her I think that need not be any 
objection to you. I suppose Packe (if he gets a ship) will 
offer his service to you, but she may be a small or one that has 
not been try'd in this Trade and do a little suspect his Con- 
duct, but the two Randolphs that has us'd the sea, and that 
has been sev'U Voyages with him, better know his abilities 
than I can pretend to. The m.ore I think of it the more con- 
fus'd I am. Whenever the happy moment comes it will be 
exceedingly welcome; and tho in more indifCer't things it 
would be but a short time, but in my case every month will be 
long & tedio us till I am Bless 'd with your dear Conversation 

(6) Long commander of a ship in the Virginia trade. 



that I prefer before all the Treasure, grandieur, & pleasure 
that the World can give^ How is it possible for me to live 
without my only Joy & Comfort. I am sure I must needs have 
tired your patience therefore I shall conclude with assuring 
my dearest Life, that, with the highest passion, the sincerest 
love can enjoin me, for ever, I am your most faithful and 
most affectionate 

Thos. Jones 

I hope you will remember Garden seeds of ye best sort 
& if 'tis not too troublesom to get me a Bushel of Turnip 
seed because I want to sow a good deal of Ground at my Plan- 
tation for cattle, pray let all your seeds be fresh & good & you 
had best bring them with you. If they are put in the hold of 
ye ship they will be spoil 'd, therefore they must be kept upon 
ye upper Deck and air'd as often as you can, which some of 
ye People will do for a Bottle of Brandy now and then. 

If you cou'd get some Flowers for all ye seasons, with some 
Instructions from y'r Uncle Catesby it would do very well. 

Pray don't fail my best respects to Mr. Catesby & all friends 
that inquire for me, not forgetting vSister Rachel. Your 
sisters give their kind love to you & y'r Moth'r desire me to 
tell you she rit by Whitaker for 2 doz: of fashionable large Wine 
glasses all of a sort 

A fashionable Ring to set a dish upon in the middle of a Table. 

A large course Sieve to sift meal for Bread, those we had 
come in past year are only fit for fine flower making very great 
waste for Bread 2 P'r fine greay rolHng Wosted stockings for 

2 p 'cs of gingham of a colour you like exactly of one colour 
to make a summer sute 

1 doz: of cheap knives & 1 doz. of forks and I think a good 
strong large kitchen knife or two is wanting 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Jones in England. 

Virginia Octob'r ye 11*^ 1728 

My Dearest Life, 

I wrote to you the 30*'"^ of last mo: by one Capt. Whytaker 
and was then so particular that I have but little to say now, 



& I expect this will come by him, the tother was under Cover 
to Mrs. Jane Parker. Your Mother desires me to tell you 
that she wrote to you ab't three weeks agoe, & sent it to York 
and expects it will go by Whytaker. 

We are all very well, Dolly having perfectly recovered her 
health, and is in a very thriving Condition. I believe I need 
not lengthen this Letter with persuading arguments to induce 
you to believe that with the most earnest desire I wish for 
the perfect recovery of your health, and your speedy return 
for many Reasons. 

I lately writ to one Capt. Burbyage an old acquaintance 
and friend of mine, leting him know you was in England & 
referred him to Capt. Bradbey if you was in Town to inform 
him where you was, who 'tis probable may pay you a Visit, 
if he do's I wovdd have you take all the notice of him that is 
necessary, as a man that I have a great deal of Reason to be- 
lieve wishes me very well, and that I believe wou'd readily 
do you all the service in his power, or that you may have 
occasion to make use of him for. I dont recom'end him to 
you for a fine Gent 'n but a plain honest sincere man, and one 
that has had opportunities of knowing the World in his way. 
I have nothing farther now but that my best Wishes attend 
you and that forever I am 

My Dearest Life 

Your most affectionate 
Tho. Jones. 

Bill for Books, Williamsburg 1719-1721 

[In 1719-21, William Harding, Frederick, and Thomas 
Jones, sons of Frederick Jones, of North Carolina, were at 
school in Williamsburg, Va, under the care of their uncle, 
Thomas Jones. They were probably at the William & Mary 
Grammar School. The bill, from a Williamsburg Merchant, 
was rendered to Thomas Jones] 


The 3 Jones acct for books Dr 

July 2, 1719 

Fred. To one Cato & one ^sop 30 9d 

For 2^ Fred. To one Ovid's Epistles 2 0 

Do H[arding]. To Erasmus and one Ovid's Epistles.... 6 6 

Sept. 19. Fred. To one quire fine paper 1 3 

F'br23. one quire paper 1 0 

March 16. to two Dictionaries...: 15 10 

Do. to two Com pro 'n books latin 6 6 

April 1. To Do one -- 3 3 

May 13. To two Ovid Metamorph's 5 6 

Do. To two Quintus Curtius 3 0 

Do. To one quire best pap'r..... 1 3 

16. To a Dictionary for Thos - - 7 11 

Dec. 7. a Grammar for Fred...... 1 9 

May 23. To a Vocabulary 1 3 

July 19. H 'g [Harding] to a Justin 1 6 

Do. To a Justin with notes 2 6 

Do 23. To a quire of fine paper 1 3 

Augt. 17. Tho. To pap'r Ink powder 0 6 

8 br. 3. H'g to a quire of paper — - 1 0 

X br 8. To two Terence.. - 3 0 


March 7. To a quire of paper Fred. 1 0 

Apl. 26. one Phaedrus fab '1 -- 1 7 

May 2^ a Pantheon. Fred 4 6 

Sept. 28. Two Buchanans 11 0 

7 br. 25. Thomas, a Garretson & Gram'r 3 0 

9 br. 21. a gradus & greek gram'r, H.... 6 6 

Do. To a greek gram'r Fred-.- - -2 0 

Apl 6. To a Ward's Math guide, H'g. 6 4}^ 

Aug. 7. To a Virgil Menbt [?] notes 3 9 

Do. To a Caesars Coment H — 3 9 

Settlement on Mrs. Jones 1732 
In 1732 Col. Thomas Jones of Williamsburg, settled on his 
wife, after his death, certain property, including [abstract 
only given] 



11 leather chairs, 1 large oval table, 1 round table, a Dutch 
table, a card table, an Indian Japan tea table, a china tea pot, 
slop bowl and sugar dish, 12 tea cups, 13 coffee cups, 14 saucers, 
a large looking glass, 26 pictures in frames, 12 pictures in black 
frames covered with glass, 3 dozen of glasses, 4 mugs, 2^ 
dozen knives & forks, 1 p'r iron dogs, a comer cupboard & 
some pieces of china standing in or on it, 12 cups & 7 punch 
bowls— all of which things are now in a room of the dwelling 
of said Thomas Jones called the Hall and most of them are 
part of the usual furniture of the hall. 

A great chest, a Beuroe with drawers, 20 suits of clothes 
for negroes, 50 books &c— all in a small room behind the Hall. 

16 pr. sheets, 29 table clothes, 5 doz. napkins, 3 doz. towels, 
contained in 2 chests, 30 course sheets for negroes, &c. in a 
room called the back Porch. 

13 china dishes, 12 china plates, * * * china cups & saucers, 
2 Delph dishes, * * * Delph plates, 12 Delph cups & saucers, 
* * * flower bottles, 6 glass decanters, 6 glasses with covers, 
2 punch bowls & other things in a room of said house upon 
the right coming into the back porch & 2 oval tables in the entry 
or passage 

Two feather beds, mattresses & bolsters, two sets of cur- 
tains & Vallences, 2 quilts & 2 p'r blankets, a French walnut 
Beuroe, a walnut escritoire, 6 chairs, dressing table & glass- 
in a room called the chamber 

7 chairs, a square table, a chest of drawers, a lookmg glass, 
&c.— in the New Room. 

4 beds, 2 tables, 2 chairs, 4 chests, &c, in the othe ro ms 

of the House 

[There is also a deed, dated Aug. 10, 1749, by which Thomas 
Jones, settled at his death on his wife Ehzabeth, £1500 sterlmg 
—This deed has fine armorial seal of Benjamin Waller, clerk of 
the Court.] 

Account with Estate of Col. Frederick Jones, 1726. 
[Frederick Jones, Chief Justice of North Carolina, died in 



1722. After his death his children were brought to Williams- 
burg, where they were under the care of their uncle, Thomas 
Jones. This bill is for goods bought in that town for them.] 

1 pr. womans stockins & silk lace...... 3s 6d 

1 pr. womans Spanish shoes & 3/^ m. pins 6 2 

1 quire paper, 1 p'r stock's for Harding 9 0 

1 or shoes & 1 silk handkerchief for do 13 0 

1 pr. gloves for do - ^ " 

1 hank silk ^ Miss Jenny - 10 0 

2 yds. white sarsnet for do ^ Miss Ann Cocke 7 4 

6 pr. womens lamb gloves ^ Miss Jenny 10 0 

2 pr. girls shoes ^ Mr Weldon..... 6 0 

1% of chex 11 

1 pr. spatterdashes, 1 pr spurs do - 17 9 

1 pound Spanish snuff ^ Harding -- - 5 0 

33^ yds. Broadcloth at 14 s - £2 5 0 

5 yds shalloon 12 ^ 

5 doz. coat & 9 doz. breast buttons 8 3 

8 Hanks Twis -- ^ 0 

1 pr. garters & buckles.. — - 1 3 

3 yds Domothy.... - - ^ ^ 

% yds sca[rlet] at 22^3., 1 pr silk & 1 pr thread stock- 
ings ^ Harding....... -- £1 ^ 3 

1 belt & 1 pr. Gloves ^ 0 

1 pr. womens Spanish shoes ^ 0 

1 yd. muslin ^ Miss Jenny 10 0 

1 pr girls mittens - 

["Miss Jenny" was Jane Jones, who afterwards married 
Samuel Swann, Speaker of the North Carolina House of Bur- 

A London Bill for a Hat 1724 

[This was doubtless a hat bought in London by Thomas Jones 
for one of his nieces.] 



London Sept 18, 1824 

A Girl,s blew hatt lined sijk..... 8 6 

A Rich open silver lace - --— 5 0 

A ribbon band — ^ 

A deal box _ - — ^ 

Bought of William Rolfe, London 

Board Bill, Williamsburg 1724 (&c) 
Thomas Jones 1724 (&c) 

Rebecca Jones, 3 years board £45 00 0 

Martha Jones 2 years & 7 months board at £15 38 15 0 

To Margaret Bates for knitting 2 pr. stockings....- 3 0 

To pd. John Eton 2 straw hats -.- - -- 4 0 

Thomas Jones to Mrs. Jones, (a) Caroline County, 1736 

My Dearest Life 

I hope you have had the satisfaction of hearing the Children 
were all well by my Letter of 23^^ Instant by Mr. Lomax who 
went out of Town that Morning, whom I desired to give it a 
conveyance to you as soon as he got home. I heard from 
King's Creek on Sunday Night and they were all very well; 
and so is Tom and every body here. I sent the Mare and a 
Horse up to day to help you down, and Will is to follow on 

(a) Mrs Jones was at this time visiting her sister, Anne, (bom June, 
1704) who married, Sept. 2, 1732, Major William Woodford of Windsor 
Caroline Co. They were the parents of Brig. General William Woodford, 
of the Revolution. "Mr. Lomax" was Lunsford Lomax (b. Nov. 5, 
1705- d June 10, 1772) of "Porto Bago", Caroline County. He was a 
member of the House of Burgesses 1742-1755. "Kings Creek on York 
River near Williamsburg was, at this time, the home of the son or grand- 
son of Tames Burwell, who died in 1718. James Burwell of ' Kmgs Creek 
married 1757-8, Anne daughter of Col. Thomas Jones. Littlepages and 
Crutchfields were warehouses on the Mattapony. Col. Martin was 
John Martin of Caroline. Capt. Hill's was in King and Queen, and Mrs. 
Chamberlayne was the widow of William Chamberlayne of New Kent. 
This letter shows some of the difficulties of travelling m Colonial Virginia. 



friday having had some earnest business for him I could not 
send him the beginning of the week, and as he is to go part 
of the way by water from Littlepages to Crutchfields, I suppose 
he will be three or four days going up and must stay about the 
Horses and the Harness at least as many days there so that it 
will be the latter end of next week at soonest before he gets, to 
Mr. Woodford's; for which there is a necessity and is what I 
cannot help. I should be glad to shorten the time for I am 
sure nobody ever more earnestly wished for what they most 
desire to enjoy, than I do to see you. I doubt you 11 have but 
a tedious passage down, for this Horse was never m a Chanot 
before and if he is awkard you will be able to make but short 
stages,' therefore before you get past, Coll Martin's you 
had best enquire of Mingoe and Will whether you can reach 
Capt. Hills, and you will have another long stage from Mrs. 
Chamberlain's home, but if it is too far, I think you had best 
stopp at Fomne's where the Horses will be well taken care of 
and you and your Company well provided for. Mrs. Hold- 
crafts is about four or five miles this side Fomne's but she may 
think your Company and Horses too great a burthen, and I 
had rather be at the expense than to trouble anybody 

I shall now leave you to the Protection and care of the De- 
vine Providence for your preservation and to direct you 
for the best in everything, with which and my kind love to the 
Children including little Bess, and what is proper to the rest 
of the family 

I conclude as I truly am 

My Dearest Life 

Your ever affectionate 

October 27, 1736 Husband 

Tho. Jones 

I hope my Dear will be so kind as to let me know by the 
Post when you design to begin your Journey. I wish for the 
day I may expect. Adue my dearest 




Thomas Jones to Mrs. Jones, Caroline Co., 1736 

My Dearest Life 

I wrote to you last Sunday by Mr. Charles Carter's boy, 
who I heard was to go up the next day. I then informed you 
we were all very well except Jamy Burwell, and on Tuesday 
last afternoon I heard from thence he had miss'd his feaver 
and was much better and that every body else was very well. 
Your Mother was here last Night; and supposes as we have 
heard nothing from thence since every body is well there. 
She proposed to fetch up the Children to morrow because she 
understands there will be a great deal of Company on Sunday 
to stay all Night. I hear she is a little out of order to day 
if that prevents her going I shall take some care about things 
myself Fred, it seems strutts about the House and is as Noisy 
as a Bully. Billy is very easy and quiet and now sleeps well 
o' Nights which it seems he did not do at first. Saturday 
after you went Tom and I had some difference, but I got the 
better. Since which he has been a very orderly good Boy 
and is very good Company. Pray tell Catesby that Manil 
dines with his Bro'r Tom and me every day, but he * * * 
and is such a nasty Beast and so Noisy if he does not make 
haist home I'll turn him out of Doors You may tell Betty 
Pratt there has been but two Plays (b) since she went which is 
Cato by the Young Gent'm of the College as they call them- 
selves, and the Busy body by the Company on Wednesday 
Night last, and I believe there will be another to Night, they 
have been at a great loss for a fine Lady who I think is to be 
called Dorinda; but that difficulty is now overcome by finding 
her, which was to be the greatest Secret, and as such 'tis 
said to be Miss Anderson that came to Town with Mrs. Carter. 

(b) In the Virginia Gazette, Sept. 3, 10, 1736, is the following item: 
"This Evening will be performed at the Theatre, by the young Gentle- 
men of the College, The Tragedy of Cato: and, on Monday, Wednesday, 
and Friday next, will be acted the following Comedies, by the Gentle- 
men and Ladies of this Coiinty, viz.: "The Busy Body," The "Recruit- 
ing Officer and The Beaux Stratagem." 

And in the issue of Sept. 10-17, it is stated that "Next Monday Night 
will be performed, The Drummer; or. The Haunted House, by the 
young Gentlemen of the College." The play for Friday the 17th was 
the Beaux Statagem. 



Mr. Roy did me the favour to call upon me this Morning to 
let me know you were all well on Monday last which was a 
very great pleasure to me. There was another Man with him 
whom I think he called Harris that had brought down to 
deny Col. Martin's Charge against him for forcing this Man 
to Vote against him. Col'l Martin has exposed himself very 
much to most considerable People here in making such frivolous 
Complaints. I understand he was very civil to you m your 
Journey, there was always a good understanding between hmi 
[and] me, tho he has shown a shiness of late years in not commg 
to my House, which I do not look upon to be a very significant 
matter. I do not understand the Burgesses are yet resolved 
when to break up. The shortest time I hear talk'd if is to 
Morrow Se'night I believe I shall procure a Horse to bring you 
down. Will tells me Catesby was a very good boy at Mrs. 
Chamberlayns, and I hope he will be so at his Uncle Wood- 
ford. I have nothing further to ad now but my kind love 
and hearty service a every Body without mentioning particu- 
lars only Madam Pratt, who I know has a great Curiosity in 
reading Letters, and I suppose she will have to read this. 

If I was not convinced, it is so very indifferent to you or rather 
less than that, I would wish you a thousand kisses. However 
I cannot help concluding as I truly am 

Your most affectionate 

Tho. Jones 

Friday Sep* 17, 1736 




(From State Auditor's Papers, now in State Library.) 

£ s 

Ditto paid ditto for Hire of his 
Waggon to his Company Min- 
ute Men - 15 

Ditto paid ditto for Joshua Ran- 
dolph Hire of his Waggon to 

Ditto - - - — 15 .... . 

Ditto paid Ditto for David Heni- 
nege hire of his Waggon to 

Ditto....... - 15 

Ditto paid Joseph Spencer for 
Hire of Sundry Waggons for 

Culpepper Batl'n .- 50 

Ditto paid Ditto for Armes to the 

Culpepper Batt 31 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for making 
Hunting Shirts for his Com- 
pany 2 10 

Ditto paid William Pendleton for 
hire of his Waggon to Cul- 

peper Batallion 15 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Gabriel 
Long for 18 Lead furnished 

Ditto....... - 7 6 

11 Ditto paid Benjamin Pollard for 
a Hunting Shirt and Leggons 

to his Company.... 14 

Ditto paid John Williams Jr for 
a Riffle furnished the Culpeper 
Batallion - 5 .... 



Ditto paid Charles Scott for 
Waggon Hire & Arms for Pub- 
lic Service — - 15 ^ 

Ditto paid John Ashly for Ex- 
press Hire on Public Service. — 16 3 

Ditto paid Walter Coles for 
Nathan Terry for Arms pur- 
chased by him ^3 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ditto for 
Salt Petre & Sulphur for Pub- 
lic Service 12 9 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms and 
Waggon Hire on Public Ac- 
count ^ 28 13 6 


November 11 To Cash paid Richard Bray for 
James B. Johnson for Forrage 
to Ciilpeper Batallion 31 7 6 

Ditto paid John Leathen for Re- 
pairing Guns for Capt. Bu- 
ford's Company 4 9 5 

Ditto paid Thomas Kemp as 
Waggon Master to Culpepper . 

Minute Batallion 6 

13 Ditto paid William Fontain for a 
Gun purchased of John Loving 
for the Public. - ^ 

Ditto paid John Marks Balance 
of his Recruiting Account 
Buck^ District - 63 7 6 

Ditto paid George Pickett Bal- 
ance of his Account as Con- 
tractor to the Culpepper Min- 
ute Batallion.. 155 8 7 

Ditto paid Abraham Buford for 
Arms Etc. furnished the Cul- 
pepper Batallion 53 $ 6 



Ditto paid John Blackwell, J' for 

Arms for Culpepper Batallion.. 17 .... 
Ditto paid Elias Edmunds for 
Arms furnished Captain Chil- 

tons Culpepper Batallion ..— 11 — . 

Ditto paid Robert Chambers for a 
Horse purchased by Colonel 

Henry....... - - -- 12 10 

14 Ditto paid Samuel Goode for 
Robert Goode & Bernard 
Markham for Arms Purchased 
by them for the use of the 
Public 123 8 

Ditto paid William Deane for 
Painting 19 Flag Staffs 2^ 
Regiment —- - 2 17 

Ditto paid John C. Littlepage for 
Hay furnished Culpepper Ba- 
tallion... - 14 15 

Ditto paid Captain William 
Pickett for Sundries furnished 
his Company 35 3 

Ditto paid ditto for Sundries fur- 
nished by Thomas Marshal 
Public Account...... 2 14 

Ditto paid Ann Jones for Pro- 
visions furnished Several Com- 
panys Regulars — - 7 19 

Ditto paid Edward Travis on 
Account for Provisions fur- 
nished the Public — - 2 3 

Ditto paid William Roberson his 
Expenses in Collecting Arms on 
Public Account 4 9 

Ditto paid Richard Hansford for 
Provisions furnished Capt. 
Lynn's Company..... 3 9 

Ditto paid Henry Field for Reu- 
bin Long for Straw furnished 
Culpepper Batallion 7 7 


November 15 



Ditto paid William Mitchell for 
M" Gibbons account for Pro- 
visions furnished Sundry Com- 
panys on their March to & from 
Hampton 1^ 19 

Ditto paid ditto for pay of his 
Company ordered into Service..l09 

Ditto paid Samuel Woods for 
Cloud Bustard, a gun fur- 
nished Service.- - - ^ 

Ditto paid WilHam Kinner for 
Express on Public Service.- 3 

13 6 


16 6 

9 8 

7 3 

5 18 9 

1 3 

To Cash paid John Pendleton for 
William Mitchell for Camp 

Kettles .- ^ 

Ditto paid ditto for John Whit- 
lock for Provisions to Capt. 

Parkins Company..... 9 

Ditto paid ditto for John Powell 
Sulphur furnished the Public... 
Ditto paid John Pendleton, jr. 
for Colo. Richard Bland, Pow- 
der, Salt petre and Brimstone 

furnished for Public use.... 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for John Byrd 
& Co. for Brimstone to the 

Public. — 2 .- 

Ditto paid Ditto for Hugh Bather 

for Public Service 5 .— 

Ditto paid Thomas Foster for 

Waggon Hire 2 11 

Ditto paid Robert Andrews for 
Salt Petre and Sulphur pur- 
chased for Public. - 32 

Ditto paid John H. Carter for the 

Board of Sundry Sick Soldiers.. 5 
Ditto paid James Taylor, jr. for 
Guns and Hunting Shirts to 
part of Carolina Battallion. 105 

11 c 

6 2 


Ditto paid Stephen Mitchell for 
pay of the Officers and Soldiers 
of my Company... 33 8 7 

Ditto paid John Pendleton, 
for a Horse sold John Taylor, 
Quarter Master 20 

Ditto paid William Kirby for 
pay of his Company of Militia 
ordered in Service .— 42 .... 6 

Ditto paid Vincent Garland Sun- 
dry Expenses in Apprehending 
deserters in Cap* Parkers Com- 
pany.. 9 16 

16 Ditto paid William Page for Ex- 
press Hire and Hors lost in the 
Service 40 7 

Ditto paid Samuel Denny his 

advance for Express Hire 5 

Ditto paid Charles Dabney for 
a months pay of Minute Com- 
pany in Service 131 10 .... 

Ditto paid Ditto for Sundry 
Necessaries furnished his Com- 
pany 28 6 6 

Ditto paid Robert C. Nicholas 
for Sulphur and Salt Petre 33 18 

Ditto paid Ditto for Dudley 
Richardson for Com to the 
Culpepper Battallion ..... 3 14 6 

17 Ditto paid John C. Littlepage 
for Hay sold the Quarter Mas- 
ter General 1 H 2 

20 Ditto paid Elizabeth Weather- 
foot her attendance on the 

Public Hospital...... ..- 6 

Ditto paid Thomas Bland for 
Sundries furnished Cap 'n 
Johnsons Company.- 3 2 "J 









Ditto paid Joseph Eggleston for 
Wood furnished the Culpepper 
Batallion - 20 4 .. 

Ditto paid Colo'n H. Taylor for 

Salt Petre and Sulphur... 5 

Ditto paid Thomas Bullet for 
Sundrys Persons employed in 
intrenching the Magazine 17 14 

To cash paid Henry King for 
Richard Mathews Company at 

Hampton - 73 

Ditto paid Mathew Jouet for a 
gun furnished Captain Fon- 

tain's Company 5 10 

Ditto paid Thomas Harris as 

armorer to the 1^* Reg* 3 8 

Ditto paid Paul Carrington for 
Wright Bond for Dnmis Etc. 
purchased for the use of the 

Mecklenburg Battallion 19 .... 

Ditto paid Ditto Isham Wills for 
a gun furnished the said Bat- 
tallion - 2 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas 
Reade Sulphur & Salt Petre 

to the Public... -- 3 15 

Ditto paid Elizabeth Deane for 

Steel furnished the Public 2 3 

Ditto paid Daniel Dogherty for 
Medicines furnished 2^ Reg- 
iment ^ ^3 

Ditto paid John Ballard for 
Arms & Carriage to the Meck- 
lenburg BatalHon 67 14 

Ditto paid ditto for a quarterage 

furnished Ditto 20 7 




Ditto paid Benjamin Shackelford 

for pay and Expense of his 

Company ordered in Service 34 6 3 

Ditto paid Walter Lenox for 

Arms & Expenses to Capt. 

Scotts M. Company 10 11 2 

8 Ditto paid Peter Dunn for Cap* 

Gregorys for use of his Com- 
pany 15 13 

Ditto paid David Mason to pur- 
chase for use of Companies 
ordered on Service 20 

Ditto paid Turner Southall for 

pay of his Company 13 10 

Ditto paid Harry Taylor for 
Arms purchased for Public use.. 31 2 6 

Ditto paid William Page as a 

Public Express 15 

Ditto paid John Thurston for 
pay of his Company Minute 
Men & Provisions. 142 17 8 

Ditto paid John Warrington for 

Nursing Sick Soldiers .— 4 19 4 

9 Ditto paid Drewry Stith for 

Littleton Savage advance by 
him for 2 Expenses to Con- 
gress 30 — . 0 

Ditto paid Joseph Prentice for a 
Horse furnished Public Ser- 



Ditto paid Walter Lenox for 
Board of Sick Soldiers 

14 17 9 

Ditto paid David Garland for 
Guns purchased for the Coun- 

42 15 

11 Ditto paid John Lockby for 

Board and Attendance on Sick 

2 16 3 



Ditto paid Henry Williams for 
Ro. Williams guns purchased 
for the Country. 36 15 — 

Ditto paid Ditto for a year fur- 
nished the Public say for his 
say for his trouble and expense 
in bringing Arms Pitsylvania.... 4 5 4 
(To be continued.) 




(Contributed by W. W. Scott.) 


Wm. Camp (Ciilpeper) — Frances Willis. 
Michael Manshile— Ann Long. 


Peter Rucker — Jemimah Crawford. 

Sam '1 Ham — Clary Wisdom. 

Zach Garton— Milly Sutting. 

John Furnace — Elizabeth Duncome. 

Joseph Bain Johnson — Elizabeth Shropshire. 

Lewis Perry — Mary Burrows. 

Benj. Rennolds — Elizabeth Jennings. 

John Delany — Susannah Watts. 

John Gayden— Caty Collins. 

Stephen Easting — Susannah Johnson. 

Sam 1 Wrich — Jane Bruce. 

Dan'l James (Culpeper)— Lucy Davis. 

James Addams — Eley Welch. 

Wm. Plumer Thruston— Lucy Mary Taliaferro. 

Francis Lowins — Sarah Davis. 

Stephen Smith — Blessing Stevens. 

Joseph Wisdom — Sarah Gardner. 

John Bowling— Mary Ballard. 

Geo. Petty— Elizabeth McNeal. 

Wm. Linney — Ann Bell. 


Geo. Blows (Augusta) — Catherine Feen. 
Jos. Wm. Wates— Rachel Foster. 
Abr'm Cord — ^Ann Archer. 
Ambrose Barbour — Catherine Thomas. 
Sam'l Dixon— Charlotte Brown. 
Rich 'd Waggener — Catey Gaines. 
James Sleet — Ann Foord. 
John Rogers — Barbara Estis. 
Wm. Doswell— Elizabeth Miles. 
Robert Daniel — Frances Himiphreys. 
John Blear — Elizabeth Smith. 
Jacob Arhart — Nanny Ballard. 
Wm. Lucas — Ann Burbridge. 


Geo. Grace— Ann McNeal. 
Wm. Vawter — ^Ann Bullard. 
John Reynolds — Hannah Darnel. 
Joseph Rennolds — Susannah Wrigh't. 
Rob 't Chandler — Sukey Edmonson. 
Patrick Cockrane — ^Winifred Spencer. 
Ben. Jones — Elizabeth Foster. 
Wm. Sebree — Hannah Kavenner. 
Sam'l Smith — Dorcas Douglass. 
Winslow Parker — Mary Thomas. 
Thos. Foster — Mary Sawyer. 
John Dear — Catherine Smith. 
John Harris — Frances Rowzee. 
Wm. Htmiphries — Susannah Webb. 
John Witherspoon — Mary Boston. 


Wm. Morton— Milly Taylor. 

John Fauconer — Margaret Morrison. 

Wm. Dunn— Mary Bledsoe. 

John Temple — Mary Ann Canterbury. 



Wm. Sawyer — Elizabeth Wright. 

James Dabony— Winifred Vawter. 

Benj. Harvey — Susannah Harvey. 

Robt. Ansbren— Milly Cuddin. 

John Goodrich— Betty Dear. 

Wm. Sutton — Alice Brown. 

Wm. Hancock — Jemima Brock. 

John Warner— Ann Walker. 

Thomas Hughes— Mary Davis. 

Wm. Stroder— Ann Kavenaugh (Widow). 

Ephraim Rucker— Elizabeth Randall. 

Wm. Sebree — Mary Strother. 

Geo. Bradley— Lucy Rice. 

Nehemiah Mossell— Patty Collins. 

Geo. Stubblefield— Sarah Morrison. 

Benj. Finnell— Sarah Carter Steel (Widow). 

John Smith — Jane Smith. 

John Morris — Linney Brown. 

Joseph Atkins— Milly James. 

Ellet Wood— Mary Conner. 

John Dawson — Ann Chisom. 

James Smith— Patty Cleveland. 

Charles Fennel— Nancy Saunders. 

Thos. Lancaster— Frances Nailley. 

Wm. Feamey— Sarah Norton. 

Weir Long — Ann Sinault. 

Ben. Zachary— Franky White. 

James Head— Elizabeth F. Kirtley. 

Thomas Robbins— Mary Foster. 

Ambrose Medley— Franky Burton. 

Thos. Bryant— Franky Thornton. 

James Taylor— Delilah Stanton. 


Leonard Davis— Susannah Burrows. 
Robt. Cockburn— Sarah BrowTi. 
David Morris— Jemima Grunter. 


Thomas Feamey— Aggy Lucas. 

John Peterson (Berkley)— Peggy Cudding. 

John Richards— Milly Watts. 

Anthony Foster— EHzabeth Price. 

James Alexander — Jemsha Townsend. 

Frances Williams — Nanny Harvie. 

Wm. Smiley— Ester Norwell. 

Francis Gaines — Betsey Lewis. 

John Musick— Mary Berrey. 

Sam'l Estes— Winifred Holliday. 

John Danill— Lucy Marshall. 

Jonathan White— Nancy Martin. 

Uriah Proctor— Martha Singleton. 

Joseph Hoomes— Rachel Davis. 

Alex. Downey — Sally Bell. 

Wm. Collins— Patsy Snell. 

Reuben Willis— Ann Gamett. 

May Burton — Sarah Head. 

Andrew Glassell— Elizabeth Taylor. 

James Cushingberry— Jane Burrows. 

John Conner — Lucy Daniel.. 


Wm. Atkins — Winifred Bryant. 
Thos. Foster— Frances Jones. 
John Leatherer— Sarah White. 
Thos. Rumsey— Patty Cape. 
John Beadles— Ehzabeth Cassen. 
Rich'd Lancaster— Johanna Singleton. 
Thos. Robinson— Lucy Robinson. 
James Atkins— Anny Pigg. 
Wm. Proctor— EHzabeth Hiatt. 
Wm. Rennolds— Nancy Nixon. 
David K. Stage— Maryan Mooney. 
Gidison Lea— Anny Caffery. 
Robt. Smith— Ann Conner. 
Augustine Woolfolk— Franlcy Thomas. 



Mordecai Bruce — Christina Abeart. 
Jacob Abeart — Mary Bruce. 
John Abel — Margaret Tinder. 
John Page — EHzabeth Middlebrook. 
Moses Bledsoe — Ann Perry. 


John Gillock — Hannah Wolfenberger. 
Wm. Brooking^ — Ann Thompson. 
Thos. Dear — Lucy Fennell. 
Robt. Boston — Lucy Wright. 
Philemon Richards — Susannah Wood. 
Wm. Fennell, Jr. — Jeany Brown. 
John Atkins — ^Ann Burrass. 
Henry Miller — Margaret Piglen. 
John Mallory — Sarah Sawyer. 
Jacob Peck — Dolly Coursey. 
David Phillips — Mary Davis. 
John Williams — Elizabeth Rumsey. 
Henry Hill — Susannah Jones. 
Wm. Thomas— Elizabeth Woolfolk. 
Thomas Harvie — Sarah Hobbs. 
John Harvie — Lucy Estes. 
Thomas Bullard — Elizabeth Smith. 
Thomas Morris — Peggy Rennolds. 
Thomas Gilbert — Ann Fameyho. 
Wm. Watts — Elizabeth Beazley. 
Rodes Thompson — Sally Vivian. 
Rich'd Reynolds — Ann Roach (Widow). 


Thomas Stapp — Betsey Barbage. 
James Burton — Mary White. 
James Chiles — Jenny Sand. 
Major Brockman — Mary Paterson. 



Jiilius Gibbs— Aggy Davis. 
Garland Burnley— Francis Taylor. 
Wm. Quarles — Frances Vivion. 

Here this record ends, and the list that follows is taken 
from the marriage bonds filed in the clerk's office— a most 
interesting and sometimes amusing collection of manuscripts. 


Edward Adkins — Frankey Wisdom. 
John Blakey — Sarah Cowherd. 
James Coleman— Sarah Taylor. 
James Davis — Mary Johnson. 
Thomas Gamett— Suckey Brockman. 
Moses Hays — Sarah Petty. 
John Hawkins— Mary Gaines (Widow). 
John Henshaw— Patty Newman. 
Spencer, James — Francis Davis. 
Azariah King— Mary Abell. 
Robt. Lancaster — Lucy Dear. 
Wm. Lindsay— Nancy Shepherd. 
Wm. Linney — Ann Burrus (Widow). 
Thomas Loyd— Sally Gresham (Widow). 
John Rucker— Betsey Tinsley. 
Nicholas Taliaferro— Ann Taliaferro. 
Wm. Terrell— Ann Daniel. 
John Tomlinson— Mildred White. 
Henry Wood— Mary Weatherspoon. 


Benjamin Adams— Nelly Coleman. 

Edward Collins— Ann Collins. 

Thomas Coleman— Susannah Hawkins (Widow). 

John Gulley — Mary Land. 

John Hemdon— Elizabeth Wright. 

John Lee — Elizabeth Bell. 



Henry Mallory — Lucy Long (Widow) . 
William Moore — Betsy Johnson Grymes. 
Nathaniel Motherhead — Ruthey Birt. 
James Olive — Susannah Minor. 
Richard Parker — Hannah Cave. 
Ruben Scott — Margaret Cope. 
Absalom Smith — Jestin Chandler. 
Moses Willis — Elizabeth Thomas. 
Joseph Wood — Margaret Bell. 
William Young — Mildred Dtiglass. 


James Adams — Mary Chambers. 

John Cox — Mary Bryson. 

Francis Dade — Sarah Taliaferro. 

Philip Eastin — Elizabeth Henderson. 

Jacob Furniss — Mary Page. 

Richard Gaines — Elizabeth Eastin. 

James Goodale — Sally Harvey. 

Isaac Hite — Nelly Madison. 

Charles Porter, Jun.— Betsy Proctor. 

Robert Rhodes, Albemarle— L. Delaney. 

Achilles Stapp— Margaret Vawter. 

John Taylor— Mary Jarrell. 

John Taylor— Elizabeth Kavenaugh. 

Richard Waugh— Margaret Brown (Widow). 

William White— Mary Brockman. 


John Ahart (Culpeper)— Peggy Pearson. 
Reuben Boston— Sarah Hawkins. 
Jacob Carrol— Tabitha Reynolds. 
Wm. Cave (Culpeper)— Frances Christy. 
John Coates— Sarah Thompson. 
Thomas Cox— Milly Oliver. 
Thos. Davis— Elizabeth Early. 


Thos. Deering— Mary Rumsey. 
Wm. Fitzhugh— Ann Taliaferro. 
Joseph Ham— Sarah Hearen. 
John Hiatt— Sarah Arnold. 
Lewis Hiatt— Barbary Allen. 
Geo. Martin — Elizabeth Jones. 
Micajah Neal— Milly Beasley. 
John Grant- Peggy Lintor. 
John Page, Jr.— Mary Collins. 
Ambrose Powell — Sally Britt. 
Hezekiah Proctor— Nancy Young. 
Geo. Quisenberry — Jane Daniel. 
Rich 'd Quinn— Ann Wood. 
Wm. Riddell— Joyce Riddell. 
Chas. Smith— Jane Marton. 
Wm. Smith — Lucinda Smith. 
John Straughan— Mary Sanders. 
Reuben Taylor— Rebecca Moore. 
Vincent Vass— Elizabeth Manning. 
Thomas Walker— Messeniah Powell. 
Wm. Crittenden Webb— Jane Buckner. 
Rich'd White— Catey Oliver. 
John Wright— Margaret Jones. 


Wm. Brockman — Mary Smith. 
Madison Breedlove— Judy Buckner. 
Henry Finnell — Elizabeth Bourn. 
Thomas Gillock— Elizabeth Morgan. 
Saml Grant— Lydia Craig. 
James Haney — Nance Petros. 
Benj. Head, Jr.— Margaret Goan. 
Wm. Hehn— Matilda Taliaferro. 
James Herring— Judah Cofer. 
Jonathan Hiatt — Mary Conner. 
John Lamb — Nelly Lamb. 
Robert Leak — Susannah Leak. 



Aaron Reynolds — Catey Chambers. 

David Thompson — EHzabeth Brockman. 

Jesse Thornton — Ann Bohen. 

Johnson Watts — Stikey Davis. 

Joel White — Franky Rucker. 

Wm. Vawter — Mary Rucker. 

Edwin Young — Francis Wright (Widow). 


William Alcock— Catey Bell. 
Thomas Bibb — Sarah Brockman. 
William Bledso^Sally Morton. 
Samuel Brooking — Mary Taylor. 
Benjamin Bragg — Polly Twenty -man. 
John Buchanon — Mary Smith. 
Ralph Cogwell — Sarah Reynolds. 
John Conner — Mary Lancaster. 
William Cook — Susannah Gaston. 
Daniel Cowgill — Betsy Martin. 
William Daniel — Mary Gaines. 
James Davis — Anne Modiset. 
Lavey Derey — Anne Wye. 
John Eastin — Sarah Griffith. 
Richard Embre — Judith Payne. 
William Foard — Ann Moore. 
John Franklyn — Mary Pearson. 
Lewis Hensley — Mary Foster. 
William Goodall — Lucy Davis. 
Nathaniel Gordon — Mary Gordon. 
Edmund Henshaw— Mary Newman. 
James Jones — Caty Robinson. 
John Jones — Margaret Abell. 
Sabrut King— Mary Wayt. 
Kendall Lee — Sarah Gordon. 
Caleb Lindsay — Sally Stevens. 
Henry Long — Lucy Manspoile. 
Charles Neal— Ann Miller. 



John Pendleton — Elizabeth Taylor. 
James Right — Sarah Rawson. 
John Sams — Mary Bledsoe. 
Stephen Silvey — Frankey Dear. 
John Smith — Elizabeth Warren. 
William Thompson — Acquila Breeding. 
James Tindar — Molly Shadrach. 
George Tomlinson — Elizabeth White. 
Julius Watts — Mary Eve. 
William Webb — Sarah Leathers. 


Robert Alcock — Mary Bell (Widow) . 
Silence Atkins — Frances Jenings. 
Larkin Ballard — Elizabeth Gaines. 
Alexander Balmain — Lucy Taylor. 
William Beale — Hannah Gordon. 
WiUiam Bell— EHzabeth Johnson. 
Patrick Bray — Mary Stocks. 
Thomas Broughton — Sarah Kamp. 
Archabald Campbell — Susannah Arnold. 
James Coleman — Milley Chew. 
Francis Coleman — Betsy Davis. 
Beverly Daniel — Jane Heatt. 
Jonathan Joseph — Saray Deering. 
Spencer Minefee — Ritta Boston. 
Moses Perry — Susa Brockman. 
John Pottlter — Patsy Ransdell. 
Joel Rucker — Nancy Oliver. 
Edward Smith — Rose Warren. 
Beverly Stanton — Jemimah Stanton. 
Samuel Steel— Mary McQuiddy (Widow). 
Henry Stone — Nancy Golding. 
John Stockdell— Sally Duval. 
Jesse Tinder — Aleapear Abell. 
Abner Watson — Elizabeth Dear. 
Johnathon White — Elizabeth Townsend. 
Jacob Williams — Mary Delaney. 




James Allen— Patsey Woolfolk. 
Joseph Atkins — Annie Atkins. 
Thomas Barbour— Mary Taylor. 
John Bell— Judith Burnley. 
Wm. Cooper— Mary Quisenberry. 
Francis Cowherd — Lucy Scott. 
Robert Dickensen— Ruth Parish. 
Stephen Fitzgarrell— Catherine Bruce. 
John Head— Nancy Sanford. 
Wrn. Herndon— Sukey Perry. 
Zachariah Jones— Rebecca Deane. 
Jacob Lantor— Polly Webb. 
Peter Lantor — Hannah Webb. 
Geo. Marshall— Ann Roswell. 
John Michie— Frances Farley. 
Fielding Neal— Catherene Beazley. 
Edward Right— Frankey Powell. 
John Robertson— Frances Porter. 
Wisdom Rucker — Rosanna Burrus. 
Geo. Scott— Sally Wood. 
Sam'l Self— Frances Shiplet. 
Wm. Sims, Jr— Nancy Watts. 
Edward Spencer— Elanor Woolfolk. 
Lewis Stowers — Joice Shiflet. 
Geo. Taylor— Ann Stanton. 
Reuben Thomas— Ann Spencer. 
Thos. Turner— Catey Brown. 
Lander Veatch— Peggy Thorpe. 
James Whit^Lucy Wood. 
Wm. Wright— Rachel Perry. 




(Contributed by Dr. H. J. Berkley, Baltimore, Md. 
Berkeley of Beverstone and Early Colonial Virginia'^ 

Beverstone town, which, included the site of the Castle, was a part 
the great Manor of Berkeley, a few miles from the city of Bristol, Glou- 
cestershire. The founding of this Castle is lost in the midst of antiquity. 
It is certain that it had been built at the time of Edward the Confessor, 
for in his day it was held by "Earle Godwin, earle, of Kent", and from 
its battlements floated his banners; but, how much further back its his- 
tory runs is unknown. 

At the time of the invasion of England by William the Conqueror, it 
was held by Roger de Berchelai in common with the other portions 
of the Berkeley demense. From this Roger descends the entire line of 
the Berkeleys of Berkeley through his daughter, Alice, and the son of 

The pedigree of the Fritz Hardings, as compiled by A. S. Ellis, shows 
the first known ancestor of this line to have been Ealdnoth, horse thane 
under Edward the Confessor as ^ell as Harold, who was slain in 1086, 
at the head of the men of Somerset, who were repelling an invasion by the 
sons of Harold. The son of Ealdnoth, Harding, lived in Somerset on 
the Manor of Meriet, and held other manors in that cotmtry. He was 
still alive in the time of Henry I, and at that date had four sons, of whom 
the second, Robert Fitz Harding, seems to have been a man of unusual 
ability. He was a merchant of great wealth in Bristol, held the provost- 
ship of the city, and evidently stood well in the graces of King Henry II, 
for from him he obtained grants of Berkeley Hemesse as well as other 
Manors. The Abbey of St. Augustine in Bristol, was founded by him 
in 1142. He married Eva, sister to Durand. Both died in the year 1170. 

The granting of his lands to an usurper, at once created a feud between 
the de Berchelais and the Hardings and it would seem that at times 
Sir Roger had the better of the strife, which was settled only by Henry II, 
who arranged a double marriage between the families; Robert ffitz 
Harding's second son, Maurice taking to wife Alice, the daughter of 
Sir Roger, and his son Roger, taking Helene, daughter of Robert Fitz 

Thomas, Lord Berkeley, 5th in descent from Maurice, married (1st) 
Margaret, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, and (2d) Kathe- 
rine, daughter of Sir John Clyvedon, and widow of Sir Peter de Vele. 
John Berkley^ 4th son of Thomas (above) had settled on him the Manor 



of Beviston, purchased by his father of Thomas Ap Adam, 4 Edward III. 
John Berkeley was bom 21 June. 1357, and died 10 Henry VI, aged 76 
years. He was married three times (1) Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John 
Betteshome, Kt.; (2) Elinor, daughter of Sir Robert de Ashton (no 
issue); (3) Margaret, widow of Sir Thomas Breouse of Tetbury (no 

Maurice, 3rd son, but heir, of John Berkeley, married Lora, daughter 
oi Henry, Lord Fitzhugh, and had issue: (1) Maurice, married Ann, 
daughter of Reginald West, Lord de la \vare (and had a son William, 
d. s. p.); (2) Edward, married 1st Christian, daughter of Richard Holt 
Esq, and 2d Alice, widow of Sir John Poyntz. Edward and Christian 
(Holt) Berkeley had issue: 1. Thomas, married Elizatheh Neville 
(and had John, d. s. p.). 2. Maurice, d. s. p., 3. William, died 5 Edward 
VI, married Margaret, daughter of William Paulet, Marquis of Win- 
chester; 4. Lora, married John Blount; and other daughters. 

William Berkeley had, by his marriage with Margaret Paulet, several 
daughters, and a son John, who dissipated the family estate, except 
Beverstone, and died 16 October, 24 Elizabeth. This John married 
Frances, daughter of Sir Nicholas Poyntz, of Acton. Gloucestershire, 
and had issue: 

1 John2 sold Beverstone Castle to Sir John Poyntz 1597. appointed 
to take charge of iron works in Virginia. May 11. 1621, vice Mr. Blewett, 
dead; killed in the Indian Massacre of 1622. He married Margaret, 
daughter of Sir John Snell; 2. Joan, Abbess at Brussels; 3. Katherine, 
married Thomas Symonds, a minister; 4. Margaret married Jasper 
Merricke, of Bevington. 

John and Margaret (Snell) Berkeley, had issue: 

1 Sir Maurice^, married Barbara, daughter of Sir Walter Lorlge; 
2 John, unmarried 1630; 3. Henry, unmarried 1630; 4. William, unmarried 
1630; 5. Edward, unmarried 1630; 6. Thomas, unmarried 1630 (all then in 

England); 7. Mary married Conway of Gloucester; 8. Frances, 

bom 1596, unmarried 1623; 9. Elizabeth married Sir John Sutton, Lord 
Dudley, Bedfordshire. 

Maurice and Barbara (Longe) Berkeley had a son : 

Lieutenant Edward* . of Coxendale, Henrico, and Southampton Hundred 
Va died ante 1630 in Va. Came over in ships Unitie and Seafloure, 
1623 He married Jane _., and had an only child, Jane^, who was un- 
married in 1639. Jane, widow of Edward Berkeley married, secondly, 
Capt. Nicholas Martian, of Kiskiak (Yorktown), Burgess 1632 &c. will 
York Co., 1651. 


1 Compiled from the writings of John Smith of Nibley, Historian 
of the House of Berkeley. Fosbrooke's History of Gloucestershire, the 
Vi'^itations of Gloucestershire. Shropshire. Somerset, Leicestershire, 



and London, with other authentic sources of information up to the year 

1630. , , ^ , 

2. We have not been able to determine the coat of arms ot John 
Berkeley, of Beverstone, but it was undoubtedly that of Berkeley of 
Berkeley Castle, with the usual marks of cadency for a fourth son. 

3. From the Records of the Virginia Company, Sir Maurice Berkeley 
does not appear to have accompanied his father to Virginia. February 
2nd, 1624, he petitions the Council for control of the Salt Works m Vir- 
ginia, also that 800 acres of land granted to his father (now deceased) 
he confirmed to him. This was granted and a patent issued. Shortly 
therafter (in 1624) he petitions "to be set free from the Company's ser- 
vice, and from the salt works", which was granted. 

4. In 1622, a petition was presented to the Council asking that "Sir 
Morrice Berkley's son and heir (Edward) might, in his father's right of 
adventure be made free, and admitted into the Society", which was 
granted. Lieut. Edward appears to have first landed at Kiskiak, where 
he became associated wih Capt. Nicholas Martian, then to have jour- 
neyed to Coxendale, Corporation Henrico, and later settled at South- 
ampton Hundred and Hog Island. He served on a jury of inquest in 1625, 
but this is the last notice of him that is to be found in any record. It is 
probable that he died soon thereafter, for before 1630, Captain Martian 
married his widow. No record of the family name of this Jane Berkeley 
exists. There is also no record of other children to Jane and Lieut. Berkley 
than Jane, the daughter who accompanied them from England, and who 
was then about seven years of age. In 1645, Captain Martian married 
Isabel Beech, and died in 1651. The three daughters of Jane Barkley 
and Nicholas Martian (Will, and Mary Mag. V. XII). were Eliza- 
beth, who married George Reade; Mary, married John Scasbrooke of 
York Co.; and Sarah married Captain WiUiam Fuller, Governor of the 
Palatinate of Maryland. Accordingly, they were ancestors of both 
Washington and Lee. 

5. Jane Berkley, the only child of Edward and Jane, appears not to 
have married, but lived in the household of her mother and Captain 
Martian. In 1639 her name is mentioned in a land patent to Nicholas 
Martian in Charles City County as his daughter. In the register of 
Bruton Church, Williamsburg, there is an entry of the death of "Jane 
Berkley, 1666". At that date, she would have been about 53 years of age. 

[Considerations of space make it necessary to alter the Chart pedigree 
sent by Dr. Berkley to the form printed abo\e.] 


There are conflicting statements (See e. q. Virginia Magazine of His- 
tory, &c., XIII, 228) as to whether Virginia or South Carolina built Fort 



Loudoun in Tennessee, about the year 1757. The items given below are 
adduced to substantiate the guess that the fort built by Virginia was at 
the Cherokee Town of Chota, a few miles above Fort Loudoun. 

The evidence here goes to show that Virginia sent out Major Lewis to 
set up a stockade somewhere in the Cherokee country; that Major Lewis 
went to Chota with a party of artificers, built a fort very near Chota 
before September 1756, and then coming away reported to Governor 
Dinwiddle that any aid from the Cherokees was very uncertain, and that 
Virginia had best send no troops to garrison the fort until the Cherokees 
talked more to the point; that no garrison was sent by Virginia to man 
the fort erected at the expense of Virginia; that shortly after September 
1756, South Carolina built and garrisoned a fort farther down the river 
at a more suitable point (the head of navigation), which fort was called 
Fort Loudoun. 

1. Sept. 5, 1755, Governor Dinwiddle had a talk at Williamsburg, 
in Virginia, with the Son of Old Hop, Governor or Emperor of the Chero- 
kees, The Cherokees offering assistance against the Ohio Indians if 
Virginia would assist the Cherokees with troops and a fort or two in the 
upper Holston country. [Dinwiddie Papers II, 187-188.] 

2. March 17, 1756, Colonels Randolph and Byrd had a talk with the 
Cherokees at Broad River in North Carolina, a treaty was signed, one 
of the articles of which was that Virginia should build a fort in the 
Cherokee country, where tne sachems and warriors of the nation should 
direct. Wirginia Magazine & History, &fc., XIII, 252-253.] 

3. April 24, 1756: instructions of Governor Dinwiddie to Major Andrew 
Lewis. Major Lewis is to enlist sixty men, proceed to Chota in the 
Cherokee country, and there take council with the head men about the 
building of a fort. "Its probable you will meet with a number of men 
from So. Carolina sent by tJieir governor to assist in the building of a 
fort." Winwiddie Papers //, 390.] 

4. Aug. 26th, 1756, Governor Dinwiddie has received a letter from 
Major Lewis, who has finished the fort and without the least assistance 
from South Carolina. Winwiddie Papers II, 490.] 

5. Sept. 18, 1756. a. Governor Dinwiddie to Governor Lyttleton 
of South Carolina— "I am glad your assembly has behaved so well and 
qualified you to build a fort in the upper Cherokee country." as regards 
the fort set up by Virginia, "we never thought of sending a garrison to it, 
as it is at so great a distance." 

b. Governor Dinwiddie to Governor Dobbs of North Carolina: 
"South Carolina builds 'em [the Cherokee] another fort on River Ten- 
nessee." Winwiddie Papers II, 508, 510, 511.] 
(To be Continued) 




Johnson of King and Queen, Louisa, &c. 

13. Richard* Johnson, Justice of Louisa 1788, Sheriff 1798-99. He 

married in 1770 (marriage bond, Louisa, March 21, 1770. In the 
bond he is styled "Richard Johnson Jr") Susan, daughter of 
William Garrett. There is in Louisa, a bond. May 3, 1774, of 
Richard Johnson, executor of Thos. Johnson, deceased, with 
George Johnson, security; Richard Johnson was a legatee of his 
brother Thomas in 1791 . There is a deed, dated Aug. 4, 1798 from 
Richard Johnson of Louisa, and Susannah his wife, and Richard 
Johnson Jr. of Fredericksburg, conveying to Wm. Thompson and 
Ralph Quarles 4123^ acres in Louisa, being the tract where Louisa 
Court House stands. Also a deed, Nov. 14, 1797, from 
Johnson to the children of his son Richard, viz. : Elizabeth, Susanna, 
Kitty, Peter, George, Henry, John and Ashton. Also a deed, 
Nov. 10, 1796, from Richard Johnson (son of Major Thomas John- 
son) to John Poindexter to indemnify him as the said Richard 
Johnson's security in a debt to Thomas Johnson ("Sheriff"). 
The date of Richard Johnson's death does not appear. 
Issue: 37. Elizabeth; 38. Susanna; 39. Kitty; 40. Peter^; 41. 
George^; 42. Henry^; 43. John^; 44. Ashton^. 

14. Henry Ashton* Johnson, was a legatee under the will of his brother 

Thom_as in 1791. On May 24, 1790 Thos. Johnson the elder con- 
veyed to Henry Ashton Johnson, 410 acres on the south side of 
Southanna River, Louisa. On March 8, 1799, Henry Ashton 
Johnson as attorney for George Johnson of Kentucky sold 130 
acres in Louisa, adjoining the land of Thomas Johnson (sheriff), 
Francis Johnson &c. No other information. 

15. George* Johnson, received March 31, 1788 a power of attorney 

from his father Thos. Johnson "the elder", and on March 8, 1799, 
as "George Johnson of Kentucky" gave a power of attorney to 
Henry Ashton Johnson. No further information. 

16. Thomas Johnson, Jr. The will of "Thomas Johnson son of Major 

Thomas Johnson" was dated Nov. 3, 1791, and proved in Louisa, 
Nov. 15, 1791 . His legatees were his brothers Richard and Henry 
Ashton Johnson. 

18. Thomas Johnson, "Minor", married Jane, daughter of Richard 
Chapman, In the will of Thomas Boswell, April 4, 1788, is a 
bequest to his nephew Thomas Johnson. The will of Thomas 



Johnson, "Minor", was dated Mar. 30, 1795, and proved in Louisa 
Sept. 14, 1795; Legatees: children John Boswell Johnson, Richard 
Chapman Johnson, Thomas Meriwether Johnson, William, Chap- 
man, Jane, Anne and daughter Dorothy Michie. He mentions 
"land left me by my uncle John Boswell". The Inventory of 
"Thos. Johnson Minor", was filed in Jan. 1796. 
Issue: 45. John Boswell^, bom Sept 14, 1771, removed to Sumner 
County, Tenn. He married (and had issue: Thomas^, Chapman, 
■ and Maria Barclay Johnson— Chalkley's Abstracts of Augusta 
County Record, II, 212); 46. Richard Chapman^, bom Oct. 26, 
1772. He died iinmarried and intestate. The inventory of 
Richard Chapman Johnson, dated Sept. 1783, [This must be an error 
in copying date] includes 71 titles of books (law, classics &c), 
and other books, valued at $30.00, at the house of Robert Michie; 
47. Dorothy, bom Sept. 14, 1774, married Patrick Michie; 48. 
Thomas Meriwether^ Johnson, bom Feb. 16, 1777, removed to 
Kentucky, married and had children. There is in Louisa a deed, 
dated April 8, 1799, from Thomas M. Johnson, of Louisa, to 
Chapman Johnson of same, conveying part of a tract called Bos- 
well's Ordinary, which Rd. C. Johnson, executor of Thos. Johnson, 
mins'r, executor of John Boswell, had conveyed to said Tho. 
Johnson, Feb. 1799; 49. Chapman^; 50. William^, bora Sept. 26, 
1781, died without issue; 51. Jane, married Alexander Stuart; 

52. Ann, married Parish. 

19. Christopher* Johnson. The compiler is not certain of the identity 
of this Christopher Johnson, son of David* Johnson, with Rev. 
Christopher Johnson, of Louisa County, who married EUzabeth, 
daughter of Capt. James Dabney, of Louisa, and in 1789 removed 
to South Carolina. Rev. Christopher Johnson had issue: 53. 
Davids, bom Oct. 3, 1782, member of the S. C. House of Repre- 
sentatives, President of the Court of Appeals, Governor 1846, and 
died Jan. 7, 1855. 

49. Chapman^ Johnson, was bom March 13, 1779, and died July 12, 
1894. He was educated at William and Mary College, was one 
of the most eminent lawyers of Virginia, practising first in Staunton 
and afterwards in Richmond and served with much ability in the 
Virginia State Senate and the Convention of 1829-30. He mar- 
ried in 1806, Mary Ann, daughter of George Nicolson, of Richmond. 
Issue: 54. George Nicolson^, married Margaret daughter of Adam 
Menzies of Ky., and died in Richmond, March 1855 (having issue 
Mary Ann, Marguerite Howard, Chapman^, Arthur Nicolson^, 
and Caroline Gifford); 55. William Boswell^, married Margaret 
Sarah, daughter of John B. Breckenridge of Staunton, Va., and 
died May 31, 1879 (having issue; Carter Page^, William BoswelF, 
and Nathalie); 56. Carter Page^, married Ann Love, daughter of 
Richard Forest of Washington City, and was lost on the steamer 



Arctic, Sept. 27, 1894 (had issue: Jane Forest, and Chapman 
Love^); 57. Mary Ann, married Adolphus Frederic Gifford of 
Gifford of London, Eng., and Chesterfield Co., Va. 
The following marriage bonds appear in the Louisa Co. records 
referring to marriages not noted in this genealogy. Some of the 
persons named probably belonged to other families of the name: 
Richard Johnson and Ann Clayton Nov. 7, 1768; Richard Johnson 
and Ann Smith Sept. 30, 1772; John Anderson and Mildred Agnes 
Johnson March 19, 1785; John Johnson and Mary M. Daniel Sept. 8, 
1796; John B. Johnson and Elizabeth Thompson Dec. 5, 1796. 
(This was probably 45. John Boswell Johnson); Thomas Johnson 
and Mary Price Feb. 25, 1799; Thomas Johnson and Nancy John- 
son Nov. 19, 1799; William Johnson and Frankey Beck Feb. 10, 
1800- John Johnson and Theodosia^ Gibson July 11, 1801; Joseph 
P Johnson and Delilah Hoggard Dec. 8, 1804; George H. Johnson 
and Elizabeth Hunter, Dec. 9, 1805; Thomas Johnson and Jane 
McDaniel Feb. 4, 1806; Richard Johnson and Susanna Thacker 
Nov 12, 1806; William Johnson and Elizabeth Seargeant Oct. 14, 
1816- Lewis Johnson and Nancy Graves Oct. 16, 1820; Thomas 
Johnson Jr., and Elizabeth Sergeant Sept. 10, 1821; Wm. F. John- 
son and Elizabeth daughter of Jane Johnson Nov, 24, 1821 ; Thomas 
Johnson and Martha Winston April 7, 1823; Thomas F. Johnson 
and Martha H, daughter of Wm. Cocke, Sept. 8, 1825; Francis 
Johnson, Jr. and Catherine R. Pendleton Dec. 1, 1823; Andrew M. 
Johnson and Elizabeth Ann Higgason Nov. 3, 1825; James Johnson 
and Nancy M. daughter of Wm. Swift, deceased, Nov. 22, 1826; 
Thomas Johnson and Ann, daughter of Thomas Cooper, deceased; 
Dec. 26, 1826; David W. Johnson and Mary A, daughter of David 
Tinsdale, Feb. 11, 1828; Wm. F. Johnson and Eleanor T., daugh- 
ter of Robert Perkins Dec. 8, 1828. 
Any corrections and additions (not merely traditional) will be wel- 

The Gorsuch and Lovelace Families. 

(By J. H. P., Baltimore, Md.) 
Children of the Rev. John^ Gorsuch (Daniel2, William^) and his 
Wife Anne Lovelace. (Continued): 8. Elizabeth* Gorsuch. 
9. Charles* Gorsuch. 
8. Elizabeth* Gorsuch and the Powell Family of Lancaster Co., Va., 
AND Talbot Co., Md. 

8. Elizabeth* Gorsuch (John^, DanieP, Williami)— continued 
from Vol. XXIV, pp. 81-93. She was apparently the eighth child of 



the Rev. John^ Gorsuch and his wife Anne Lovelace. She was baptized 
May 13th, 1641 at Walkem, Herts (ante 24; 87). Elizabeth Gorsuch is 
named as one of the four younger Gorsuch children for whose transporta- 
tion Theo. Hoane was granted land on the Rappahannock River, Feb- 
ruary 22nd, 1652 (ante 24; 89). Why neither she nor her brother Love- 
lace joined their three brothers, Richard, Robert and Charles Gorsuch, 
in petitioning the Lancaster County, Virginia, Court in 1657 for the 
appointment of guardians is not known; possibly she was then married 
(ante 24; 91). It is certain that she married prior to July 1662, for her 
grandmother in her will dated, July 7th, 1662, leaves a legacy of £16 
to Elizabeth Powell, one of the children of her son Jolm Gorsuch, D. D. 
(ante 24; 85). From the evidence which will be given, it would appear 
that she married Howell Powell of Corotoman River, Lancaster County, 
Virginia, and later of Baltimore County and Talbot County, Maryland. 

There were several persons bearing the name Powell in Lancaster 
County, Virginia, about the middle of the seventeenth century. Howell 
Powell appears in Virginia as a head right of Hugh Gwyn, gen. 1642, 
(Greer's Early Virginia Emigrants; 265). Eight headrights bearing 
the nam.e Thomas Powell appear the lists of Virginia em.igrants 
down to 1666. In 1653 Richard Jones assigned to Howell Powell 408 
acres in t\vo patents; 320 acres "in ye one pattent * * * 88 in ye other," 
and Howell Powell in turn transfers this land in 1653 to Geo. Harris 
(Lancaster Deeds, Vol. I,.f. 52). December 17th, 1657, by a deed of 
gift, Thomas Powell and his wife Ann transfer to Howell Powell 400 
acres on the west side of the Corotoman at Dogwood Spring (idem:- Vol. 
2; 135). There is also recorded a deed dated July 27th, 1659 from 
Thomas Powell and Howell Powell to ^^'ill. Clapham in which it is re- 
cited that the land transferred is part of the tract that J. Walter Herd 
assigned back to Thom^as and Plowell Powell, as Herd had not paid for 
it and was unable to pay for it in 1656, (Idem. vol. 2, f. 195). In a late^ 
deed, August 25th, 1662, from Clapham to John Berry for 350 acres called 
Stoney Point, it is recited that it is a part of a tract upon tne west side 
of Corotoman upon which Howell Powell formerly lived. tne 
tithables of Lancaster in 1654 occur the names of Mr. Powell who is 
taxed for 7 tithables, and Thomas Powell for 2 tithables (Va. Mag. 
Vol. V, p. 159). There was a Thomas Powell justice of Lancaster from 
1659-1669, and also a Thomas Powell of Lancaster who in his will dated 
January 19th, 1669 and proved March 1669, mentions his sons Raw ley 
and Powell, and makes his son Thomas and counsin John Gibson, 
executors. (Va. Mag. Vol. V, p. 258). In Tilghman's History of Talbot 
County there is an unverified statement that Howell Powell was a son 
of Hugh Powell of Castle Madac, Brecknockshire, Wales (Vol. I, p. 352 
et. seq). 

Among the members of the Lancaster County group to whom warrants 
for land in Baltimore County upon the Patapsco were issued July 16th, 
1559, conditional upon the prompt seating of their lands and entering 



rights, were Thomas Powell, for 700 acres and Howell Powell for 300 
acres (Md. Patents Vol. IV, f . 54). Rights were also entered May 13th, 
1661 by Thomas Powell for the transportation of 12 persons into the pro- 
vince of Maryland, 6 of these rights being entered for himself and 6 in be- 
half of Richard Gorsuch, viz.: Howell Powell, Elizabeth Powell, Ann 
Powell, Edward Grainger, Thomas Powell, Ann Powell, Philip Jones, Jere- 
miah Clarke, William Williams, John Brittain, Richard Gorsuch, Eliza- 
beth Gorsuch. Warrants were then issued upon these rights for laying out 
100 acres for Thomas Powell, 200 acres for Howell Powell, and 300 acres 
for Richard Gorsuch (Md. Patents, Vol. IV, f. 551). Elizabeth Powell, 
whose nam.e immediately follows that of Howell Powell on the list of 
headrights was undoubtedly his wife Elizabeth. Ann Powell, another 
headright was undoubtedly Anne the wife of Thomas Powell, while the 
other Ann Powell of the list may have been his daughter Anne, or Anne 
the daughter of Howell Powell, as both and Howell Powell 
will be shown to have each had a daughter bearing this name (see will 
of Thom^as Powell of Talbot Co., 1669-70). Elizabeth Gorsuch, another 
headright, v/as undoubtedly Richard Gorsuch' s wife Elizabeth and not 
his sister Elizabeth, who had almost certainly becom.e Mrs. Powell be- 
fore this date. While no direct statem.ent has been found in the Mary- 
land records that Howell Powell of Baltimore County came from Lan- 
caster County, there is, however, a deed recorded in Baltimore County, 
June 28th, 1659, from Walter Dickenson, another member of the Lan- 
caster County group, to "Thomas Powell of Corotoman in Lancaster 
County, Virginia", which recites the sale to the latter of one-half of a 
tract of 475 acres on the north side of the Patapsco called Roade River 
Ton Old Road Bay] which he had previously bought from William Batten, 
merchant (Balto. Deeds, R. M.: H. S., f. 7). Old Road Bay, as Roade 
River later cam.e to be called, is located on the north side of the Patapsco 
near its mouth. Howell Powell and Thomas Powell each appear on the 
Baltimore County Rent Rolls as the patentees of several tracts. 
Howell's Point, 70 acres, was surveyed August 3rd, 1661, for Howell 
Powell, a planter, on the north side of the Patapsco between the river 
and a creek called Clephas Creek [later also called Clopper's Creek, 
Ball's Creek and Colgate Creek] easterly to Robert Gorsuch's land, 
and a patent issued February 24th, 1661-2 (Md. Patents Vol. V, f. 19, 
& Balto. Co. Rent Roll— Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.). Howell's Neck on Buries 
Creek on the north side of the Patapsco, 100 acres, was surveyed July 
30th, 1661 for Howell Powell (Balto. Co. Rent Roll, Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.) 
Howell Powell conveys Howell's Neck November 6th, 1663 to Philip 
Stevenson (Balto. Deeds R. M. H. S. f. 7). Howell Powell of Baltimore 
County and his wife Elizabeth convey "2lst day * * * 1667", 70 acres 
[Howell's Point] to Warner Shudall (Balto. Deeds I. R. P. P. f. 63). 
The Baltimore County Rent Roll also shows that Howell Powell took 
up a tract of 300 acres, date unstated, on the north side of the lower 
Patapsco on Welshman's Creek, which tract was resurveyed in 1679 
for Jos. Rigby. 



The land records also show several patents granted Thomas Powell 
on the Patapsco about this time. A tract called Powell on Back River, 
300 acres, was surveyed for him July 28th, 1659, and Powell's Point, 
100 acres, was surveyed for him July 9th, 1661 (Balto. Co. Rent Poll, 
Md. Hist. Soc. MSS.). Thomas Powell, June 28th, 1659 purchased 
287M acres called Roade River from Walter Dickenson (Balto. Deeds 
R. M. H. S. f. 7). There was assigned to him by Richard Gorsuch 14th 
1st month, 1661, a tract, unnamed, surveyed for Gorsuch in 1659, of 
300 acres, on the north side of the Patapsco (Balto. Deeds R. M. H. S. 
f. 5). What is apparently a confirmatory deed of this assignment of 
the unnam.ed tract, was made by Richard Gorsuch and his wife Elizabeth, 
to Thomas Powell, I2th, 11th month, 1664-5, of a tract of 300 acres called 
Walnutt Neck on Welshman's Creek upon the north side of the Patapsco 
(Idem. I. R. P. P.; 66). In a later deed this tract is described as "Rich- 
ardson vulgarily known as Walnutt Neck" (Idem. H. W. no. 2; 153). 
Thomas Powell sold August 17th, 1664, 3 tracts to Thomas Todd, viz.: 
Old Road (Roade River) 2873^ acres; Richardson [later known as Black 
Walnut Neck] 300 acres; and Powell's Point 100 acres (Balto. Deeds I. R.: 
P. P., 66). Most of the land holdings of Thomas and Howell Powell 
appear to have been located on the north side of the Patapsco on or near 
what was known as Welshman's Creek, not far from North Point at the 
mouth of the river. This creek probably derives its name from the 
Welsh origin of the Powells. Thomas Powell was appointed a Commis- 
sioner of Baltimore County July 20th, 1661 (Balto. Co. Deeds R. M.: 
H. S. f. 1). Thomas Powell appears to have moved to Talbot County 
on the Eastern Shore soon after he disposed of his lands in Baltimore 
County in 1664. The records of Talbot County are said to show that 
Thomas Powell was a Justice of that County. The will of Nicholas 
Smith of Isle of Wight County, Virginia, dated Nov. 19, 1695, mentions 
his wife Anne and his granddaughter, the daughter of Thomas Powell of 
Maryland and her two daughters (William & Mary Quarterly, 25; 170). 

Howell Powell in the deed already referred to, dated 1667, still speaks 
of himself as of Baltimore County, but very shortly afterwards, appears 
in Talbot. Howell Powell had surveyed for him September 14th, 1665, 
"Powell's Island", 50 acres in Talbot County (Talbot Co. Rent Roll, 
Md. Hist. Soc); and April 22nd, 1670 "Weston', 300 acres in Dorchester 
County (Dorchester Co. Rent Roll, Md. Hist. Soc). Thomas Powell 
also purchased land and patented land in Talbot and Dorchester County. 
The land records of Talbot contain frequent references to both. Thomas 
Powell of Talbot County in his will dated January 17th, 1669-70 and 
proved April Uth, 1670, mentions his wife Anne, his eldest son Thomas 
and his daughter Anne Powell. He also mentions his dear friend How ell 
Powell and leaves a legacy to Anne, the daughter of Howell Powell. 
Richard Gorsuch, Lovelace Gorsuch, and Geo. Cowley are appointed 
executors (Annap. Wills Vol. I, f. 377). The phraseology used in dating 
the early Powell deeds recorded in Baltimore County has a very Quaker- 
ish flavor. Among the records of the Tred Avon Quaker Meeting, 



Talbot County, beginning in the year 1668, full transcripts of which are 
in the Maryland Historical Society, the name of Howell Powell appears 
conspicuously in the early years of the meeting in the seventeenth and 
eighteenth centuries, as do other members of the Howell Powell family. 
During the latter part of the seventeenth century most of the meetings 
seem to have been held at Howell Powell's house. Thus Lovelace* 
Gorsuch and Rebecca Preston were married there in 1679, with Elizabeth 
Powell and Elizabeth Powell Jr., [the wife, and daughter of Howell 
Powell] among the witnesses. The Tred Avon Meeting records the 
death of Howell Powell 7th, 7th month 1704, aged 81. 

The relationship between Howell Powell Sr., and Thomas Powell Sr., 
both of Lancaster County, Virginia, and later of Baltimore and Talbot, 
is entirely a matter of surmise. They may well have been brothers. 
It is scarcely possible that Howell was the son of Thomas: that they 
were closely related seems certain. The relationship, if any, between 
these two men and Thomas Powell, justice of Lancaster, who made his 
will in 1669, the same year that Thomas of Talbot County made his 
will, is equally unknown, as the Justice of Lancaster left a son Thomas 
apparently living in Lancaster 1670 et seq. It would, therefore, seem 
that there were three different Lancaster County individuals bearing 
the name Thomas. No effort has been made by the writer to trace the 
descendants of Thomas Powell of Talbot County. 

An analysis of the above evidence shows that Elizabeth* Gorsuch 
with other members of her family were residents of Lancaster County, 
Virginia in 1652 et seq. We know that she married just prior to or about 
the time the Powell family and the Gorsuch brothers, together with 
other members of the Lancaster County group, moved to Baltimore 
Coimty. We know from her grandmother's will that she had married 
sometime prior to July 1662, a husband whose name was Powell. An 
Elizabeth Powell came into Maryland with Howell Powell, Thomas 
Powell and Richard Lovelace in 1661. From a deed dated 1667 it has 
been shown that the name of Howell Powell's wife was Elizabeth. There 
is, therefore, every reason to conclude that Elizabeth Gorsuch married 
Howell Powell in Lancaster County prior to their coming into Maryland. 
It is also significant that in 1670 Howell Powell patented a tract in Talbot 
County which he called ''Weston" (Talbot Co. Rent Roll, Md. Hist. 
Soc). The Gorsuch family, after their eviction from Walkem, lived at 
Weston, Herts, where they owned property until they went to Virginia. 
One of Howell Powell's sons was named Daniel, doubtless after Daniel^ 

The date of Elizabeth Powell's death is not known, but she seems- to 
have been living as late as 1680 as there is no doubt that she was the 
Elizabeth Powell [Sr.] who was recorded as a witness of a Quaker mar- 
riage in Talbot, January 16th, 1680-1. No later record of her has been 
found. As previously stated, Howell Powell died September 7th, 1704. 
aged 81 ; he was therefore bom about 1622. He left no will, nor was his 
estate administered upon. 



Among the records of deaths of the Tred Avon Meeting there are to 
be found bracketed together in one entry, obviously as the record of a 
single family, the following: Howell Powell 7th mo. 7th 1704, aged 81; 
Daniel Powell, Sr., 4th mo. 16th 1731, aged 60; Esther Powell 7th mo. 
1st, 1717 aged35; James Powell, 8th mo. 30th, 1734 aged 29; Joanna Powell 
2nd mo. 3rd 1705; Jacob Powell 1st mo. 27th 1720, 5 weeks; Susanna 
Powell 8th mo. 9th 1745; Howell Powell 8th mo. 16th 1740, aged 66 years. 
Daniel^ Powell and Howell^ Powell, Jr., whose deaths are here recorded, 
are known from the former's will to be brothers and were the sons of 
Howell and Elizabeth^ (Gorsuch) Powell. Susanna was the wife of 
Daniel^ Powell, and Esther was the second wife of Howell^ Powell, Jr. 
James^ and Joanna^ were children of Howell^ Powell, Jr., by his wife 
Esther, and Jacob^ was a son by his wife Sarah. It is known from the 
will of Thomas Powell 1669-70 that Howell Powell had a daughter Anne. 
There seems no doubt from an examination of the order in which the 
relations and other witnesses signed the Quaker marriage certificate, 
that Elizabeth Powell whose marriage to William Dickinson 7th month 
3rd 1680, is recorded in the Tred Avon Meeting records, was the daughter 
of Howell and Elizabeth^ (Gorsuch) Powell, and that it was she and her 
mother who in 1679 signed their names as witnesses of the marriage of 
Lovelace* Gorsuch, respectively as Elizabeth Powell, Junr. and Eliza- 
beth Powell, Senr. The order in which Howell Powell, Sr. signs the 
marriage c ertific ates of his sons also c onfirms their paternity. Whether 
Howell and Elizabeth Powell had more than these four children is not 

Children of Howell Powell and his wife Elizabeth* Gorsuch (John^, 
DanieP, Williami): 

(1) Anne^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch, John^, Daniel^, 
Williami). The will of Thomas Powell, 1669-70, 
already referred to, shows that Anne the daughter of 
Howell Powell, was then living. Nothing further 
has been learned in regard to her. 

2. Elizabeth^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch, John^, Daniel2, Williami). 
The Tred Avon Meeting records show that William Dickinson of Talbot 
County married Elizabeth Powell of the same county, 10th month 16th, 
1680. William Dickinson was the son of Walter Dickinson, one of the 
Lancaster County group who settled on the Patapsco, and later moved 
to Talbot County. (See ante 24; 92-3). Walter Dickinson in his ^ill 
dated February 3rd, 1680, and proved April 4th, 1681, leaves his home 
plantation to his son William (Annap. Wills 2: 136). The records of the 
Tred Avon Meeting show that William Dickinson was a Quaker. He 
died in 1717 or 1718. The Tred Avon records make note of the appoint- 
ment of Samuel Dickinson, 1st month, 1718, to succeed his father, Will- 
iam Dickinson, lately deceased, as inspector of the Weekly Meeting at 
Choptank. William Dickinson's estate was administered upon April 



1st, 1718* (?) by Samuel Dickinson, with Peter Sharpe and Jno. Stevens, 
sureties in £2,000 sterling (Test Proc. 23; 172). The Inventory was 
filed June 29th, 1719, with Daniel Powell and Howell Powell as appraisers, 
and was signed by Wm, Harrison and James Dickinson (Annap. Invs. 3; 6). 
No exhaustive attempt has been made to learn the names of all the chil- 
dren of William and Elizabeth* (Powell) Dickinson. The Dickinsons 
were a distinguished family of the Eastern Shore of Maryland. In 
Tilghman's History of Talbot County (Vol. 1, p. 352 et seq.) is to be 
found a sketch of several of its later lines. It is stated there that Will- 
iam Dickinson was the eldest son of Walter Dickinson. Sam.uel^, the 
son of William Dickinson and his wife, Elizabeth^ Powell, who was 
born March 9th, 1689-90, is said to have been sent to England to be 
educated, reading law in the Temple, and after his return to Maryland 
to have taken a promxinent position at the Bar of this and the neighbor- 
ing colonies. Sammel^ Dickinson married twice. By his first wife 
Judith Troth, whom he married Uth month, 4th, 1710, he became the 
father of William^, bom 9th month, 27th, 1711, and of Walter^, bom 1st 
month, l2th, 1712 (Tred Avon Meeting.) By his second wife, Mary, 
daughter of John Cadwalader of Pniladelphia, he became the father of 
the distinguished Revolutionary patriot John'^ Dickinson (1732-1808). 

3. Daniel^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch, John^, DanieP, Williami). 
Bom about 1670. The Tred Avon Meeting records show that Daniel 
Powell and Susannah Pitt were married 7th month, 20th, 1694. The 
will of John Pitt, m.erchant of Talbot County, dated October 2lst, 1717, 
and proved November 14th, 1717, mentions his daughter Susannah, 
wife of Daniel Powell, and her sons, Howell Powell and John Powell 
(Annap. Wills 14; 377). A John Pitt of Talbot County made a depo- 
sition in 1708-9 that he was then sixty years old (Annap. Wills 12; 17). 
The records of the Tred Avon Meeting show that Daniel Powell, Sr. 
died 4th month, 16th, 1731, aged 60 years, and that Susannah Powell 
died 8th month, 9th, 1745. The will of Daniel Powell of Talbot County 
dated October 17th, 1718, was proved April 29th, 1732. He refers to his 
"nine children", but names only three: viz, John, Joseph and Howell 
Powell. He mentions his broth-er Howell Powell, and his "cousin" 
[son-in-law] William Harrison, his wife Susannah and his son John were 
made executors (Annap. Wills 20; 378). The names of all the nine chil- 
dren of Daniel Powell have not been learned. The names of seven of 
the children of Daniel Powell are learned from the will of his daughter 
Frances, the widow of William Harrison, dated May 28th, 1720, and 
proved November 1st 1720, in which she mentions her father Danl. 
Powel, her sisters Rebecca, Anne and Susanne Powel, and her brothers 
John, Howel and Joseph Powel (Annap. Wills 16; 233). Mr. Samuel Troth 
(Troth MSS. — Penn. Hist. Soc.) states that there was a daug hter Sarah 

*The date given in the Testamentary Proceedings is April 1st, 1717, 
but this is probably a clerical error, as the entry is grouped with a number 
of entries made early in 1718. 



Powell, but does not give his authority. One of the witnesses to the 
will of Frances Harrison was Sarah Powel. The nan^.e of the nintn child 
of Daniel Powell, who was probably a daughter, has not been learned. 
Children of Daniel^ Powell (Elizabeth^ Gorsuch) and his wife Susanna 
Pitt: (order uncertain): 

1. John^ Powell (DanieP Powell; Elizabeth^ Gorsuch). 
. ^ Living in 1720 when his sister Frances Harrison made 

her will. He was his father's executor. Has not 
been traced further. 

2. Joseph^ Powell (DanieP Powell; Elizabeth^ Gorsuch). 

Living in 1720 when his sister Frances made her will. 
Has not been traced further. 

3. Howell^ Powell (DanieP Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Living in 1720 when his sister Frances made her will. 
He is said by Mr. Troth to have married and to have 
died in 1755. Has not been traced further. 

4. Frances^ Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

She married, sometime prior to 1719-20, William 
Harrison, a planter of Talbot County. WiUiam 
Harrison's will, dated January 22nd, 1719 [-20] and 
proved February 2nd, 1719 (-20 ] names his wife 
Frances and several children, who were evidertly 
by a former wife (Annap. Wills 15; 299). His widow 
Frances^ [Powell] Harrison, whose will dated May 
28th, 1720 and proved November 1st, 1720, has pre- 
viously been referred to (see Daniel^ Powell ante), 
in addition to naming her father and six brothers and 
sisters, refexs to William, Rachel, Elizabeth and 
Anne Harrison, children of her husband. Her own 
will and that of her husband indicate that she left no 
children of her own. 

5. - Rebecca^ Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gor- 

such). Bom about 1697 or 1698. She married 4th 
m.onth 11th, 1724, John Dickinson of Talbot County. 
She died 10th month 10th, 1728, aged 30 (Tred Avon 
Mtg. Min.). 

6. Anne6 Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

She married 1st month 3rd, 1725, Daniel Cox of 
Dorchester County, Md., (Tred Avon Mtg. Min.) 

7. Susanna^ Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch.) 

Married 10th m.onth 3th, 1734, George Maynard of 
Queen Anne's County, Md., (Tred Avon Mtg. Min.) 
According to the Troth MSS., she died 11th month 
22nd, 1735-6. 

8. Sarah6 Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

She is not named in the will of her sister Frances, 



although a Sarah Powel was a witness of this will. 
The Troth MSS. states that Daniel Powell had a 
daughter Sarah who married 1744 George Raisin. 
Not traced. 

g_ * * * 6 Powell (Daniel^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 
It is known from the will of Daniel^ Powell that he 
had nine childred living in 1718. It seems probable 
that this child was a daughter. 
4. Howell^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch, John^, DanieP, William.i.) 
Bom about 1673-1674. A deposition in the Talbot County Court records 
is said to state that he was aged 62 in 1737. He died "8th month 16th 
1740, aged 66 years". (Tred Avon Meeting Records). The same re- 
cord's also show that Howell Powell, Jr. and Joanna Pryer [Prior], spin- 
ster, were married 8th month, 6th day, 1698. Joanna Powell was a 
witness of the marriage of William Stevens 12th month 6th 1700-1. 
Howell^ Powell married secondly, as is shown by the records of this 
Meeting, Esther Bartlett, 2nd month 2nd, 1704. The will of Thomas 
Bartlett of Tredhaven Creek, Talbot County, dated November 5th, 1711 , 
and proved November 23rd, 1711, mentions his daughter Hester, wife of 
Howell Powell (Annap. Wills 13; 451). Thomas Bartlett is said to have 
married Mary Goodchild (Troth MSS.). The records of the Meeting 
show that Esther Powell died 7th month 1st, 1717, aged 35 years. The 
records of this same Meeting further show that Howell^ Powell m.arried 
thirdly, Sarah Edmondson, 8th month 2nd, 1818. Howell^ Powell's 
death is recorded as having taken place 8th m.onth 16th, 1740, aged 66 
years. The will of Howell^ Powell, dated July 2lst, 1739, was proved 
October 27th, 1740. In his will he mentioned his wife Sarah, and his 
seven children, viz: Daniel Powell, Powell, Benjamin Powell, 
Elizabeth Powell, Mary Kenton, Joanna Thomas and Sarah Thomas. 
He also refers to his grandson, Howell Powell, Jr., son of his son James 
Powell. It is stated in the probate of the will that his wife Sarah had 
recently died (Annap. Wills 22; 280). The records of the Tred Avon 
Meeting give a list of the children of Howell^ Powell by his second wife 
Esther, and by his third wife Sarah. No mention is made of any children 
by his first wife. Howell Powell had issue as follows: 

Children of Howell^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch) and his second 
wife Esther Bartlett: 

1. Joanna^ Powell (HowelP Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 1st m.onth 18th, 1704-5; died 1705. (Tred Avon 

2. James6 Powell (HowelP Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsucn). 

Bom 12th month 16, 1705-6; died 8th month 30th, 
1734, aged 29; married Hannah Parrot 8th m-onth 
21, 1728 (Tred Avon Mtg.). He has been shown 
above to have had at least one son Howell Powell. 
Not traced further. 



3. Daniel^ Powell (HowelP Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Born 2nd month 22, 1708. Married Mary Sherwood 
11th month 6th, 1734 (Tred Avon Mtg). Issue, if 
any, not traced. 

4. Thomas^ Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 1st month 5th, 1710-11. He is said to have 
married in 1737 and again in 1741 (Troth MSS). Not 
• ' traced. 

5. Mary6 Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 2nd month 26, 1713. Married Solomon Kenton 
of Queen Anne's County, I2th month 7th, 1733-4, 
(Tred Avon Mtg.) Not traced. 

6. Joanna^ Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 11th month 9th, 1715-16, Married William 
Thomas 5th month 27th, 1738. (Tred Avon Mtg.) 
Not traced. 

Children of Howell^ Powell (Elizabeth* Gorsuch) and his third 
wife Sarah Edmondson : 

7. Jacob^ Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 12th month 19th, 1719. Died 1st month 27th, 
1720 (Tred Avon Mtg). Not traced. 

8. Sarah^ Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gorsuch). 

Bom 10th month 11th, 1721. (Tred Avon Mtg.) 
Her father's will shows that she was married when 
this was made in 1739, and that her husband's sur- 
name was Thomas. Not traced. 

9. Elizabeth^ Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* Gor- 

such). Bom 11th month 13th, 1722-23. (Tred Avon 
Mtg.) Living in 1739. Not traced. 

10. Benjamin« Powell (Howell^ Powell; Elizabeth* 

Gorsuch). Bom 7th month 11th, 1729. (Tred Avon 
Mtg.) Living 1739. Not traced. 

9. Charles Gorsuch* of Baltimore County and his Descendants. 

1*. 9. Charles* Gorsuch (John^, Daniel2,Williami)— Continued from 
Vol. XXIV, p. 91. Charles* Gorsuch was the sixth son and ninth cnild 
of the Rev. John^ Gorsuch and his wife Arme Lovelace. He was baptized 
at Walkem, Hertfordsnire, England, August 25th, 1642, the year of his 
father's ejectment as rector there (ante 24; 87). He was one of the four 
Gorsuch children for whose transportation into Virginia, Theo. Hoane, 
February 22nd, 1652, received land on the Rappahannock (ante 24; 89). 
He joined in the petition to the Lancaster, Virginia, coiinty court April 
1st, 1657, asking for the appointm.ent of a guardian (ante 24; 91). At 
the Decem ber, 1657, court Charles Gorsuch, aged 14. chose his brother 

*An entirely separate enumeration and cross refererrces will be used 
for Charles* Gorsuch and his descendants in this and succeeding numbers 
of the Magazine. 



Richard Gorsuch as guardian (Va. Mag. Ill; 85). He first appears in 
the Maryland records August 3rd, 1661, when there was surveyed for 
"Charles Gorsuch of this Province" a tract Whetstone Point, 50 acres, 
on a point at the junction of the northwest and middle branches of the 
Patapsco, and a patent issued February 24th, 1661-2 (Md. Patents 5; 
19 & 41). This tract situated on what is now Locust Point, south Balti- 
more, is occupied in part by Fort McHenry. Upon this tract a town, 
Whetstone Neck, was laid out in 1706. This was twenty-two years 
before Baltimore Town was founded, and was the first town erected w ith- 
in the present limits of Baltimore City. It seems most probable that 
Whetstone Point and Cold Comfort, tracts of 50 acres each, and located 
not far apart on the middle branch of the Patapsco, surveyed August 
3rd and August 2nd, respectively, for Charles* Gorsuch and his brother 
Lovelace* Gorsuch, were granted to each for immigration into Maryland, 
although it does not follow that they may not have actually entered the 
province sometime previous to the date of survey. Charles* Gorsuch' s 
name is intim.ately associated with the early history of the territory 
which is now Baltimore City. 

The Annapolis Land Office records show that Charles* Gorsuch be- 
tween 1661 and 1690 had surveyed for himself in Baltimore County, and 
patented in all twelve tracts of land, viz.: August 3rd, 1661, Whetstone 
Point, 50 acres, (Md. Patents; 19 & 41); June 20th, 1668, Rich Level, 100 
acres, adjoining Cold Comfort on Middle Branch of Patapsco (idem. 11; 
222 & 12; 34); September 15th, 1672 Heath (or Health) , 200 acres, on the 
North side of Patapsco (idem. 17; 472 & 187); September 16th, 1672, The 
Forrest, 100 acres, on west side of Back River (idem. 17; 472 & 15; 124); 
May 18th, 1672 Mill Haven, 50 acres, on middle branch of Patapsco (idem. 
17;281 &17;286); The Prospect, 80 acres, west side Back River (idem. 17; 
281 &17; 285); May 17th, 1672 Swan Harbour, 80 acres, west side Back 
River (idem. 17; 280 & 17; 284); September 15th, 1679, Willan, 298 acres, 
at head Bear Creek Patapsco (idem. 20; 317 & S. D. A. 240); June l2th, 
1682, Huntington, 146 acres, on Ball's Creek (idem. 21; 503 & L B. *C.; 
45); June l2th, 1682, Abington, 100 acres. Bridge Branch north side of 
Patapsco (idem. 21 ; 501 & I. B. *C. ; 61); November 11th, 1684, Welcome, 
100 acres, south side Back River (idem. 22; 154& N. S.*B.; 352); May 1st, 
1689, Good Endeavor, 40 acres, northwest side Bear Creek udem. C.*13, 
266;&C. *13;267). 

Charles* Gorsuch also acquired by purchase eight tracts in Baltimore 
County, viz: 1671, Spring Point, 100 acres, from John and Evan Gwin 
(Balto. Deeds L R.; P. P., 113); 1679, Jones His Range, 380 acres, on 
Denton Creek at the mouth of the Patapsco from David Jones (idem. 47); 
1679, Old Road, 1100 acres, on Old Road Creek, purchased jointly by 
Charles Gorsuch and Thomas Todd (idem. R. M.; H. S.; 275); 1679,Upper 
Spring Neck, 150 acres, from Walter Dickenson (idem. 48); 1679, Dick- 
enson, 150 acres, from Walter Dickenson (idem. 48); 1684-5, Walton, 
156 acres, on Welshman's Creek from William Gain (idem. R. M.; H. S.; 



168); 1686, Hopewell, 15 acres, from Edward Mumford (idem. 181); 
Sparrows Nest, 50 acres, on Block House Cove from Solomon Sparrow 
(idem. T. R.; A. 160). 

Through his marriage with his first wife Sarah, "the sole heir" and 
doubtless the daughter of Thomas Cole, he acquired prior to December 
8th, 1679, Cole's Harbour, 550 acres, upon which Baltimore Town was 
afterwards laid out; Maiden's Choice, 450 acres, at the head of the Middle 
Branch of the Patapsco; Marybone [St. Mary Bow], 200 acres, on Jones 
Falls in what is now north Baltimore; and Hunting Neck, 300 acres, at 
the head of Hunting Creek, Back River. 

It is thus seen that Charles* Gorsuch was a very extensive land owner in 
Baltimore County, his total land holdings at one time amounting to 
nearly 5000 acres. It would seem that he was rather a wanderer. Dowxi 
to the year 1677 he always appears on the records as "of Baltim.ore 
County." Apparently about this time he followed his brothers Richard* 
and Lovelace* Gorsuch, and his brother-in-law, Howell Powell, to the 
Eastern Shore of Maryland, where he appears as a subscriber 14th 5th 
month, 1676, for four hundred pounds of tobacco to the Betty's Cove 
Meeting Library, Talbot County, the first public library established 
in the Province (Tilghman's History of Talbot Co., II, 451; see also 
Tred Avon Meeting Minutes). He still appears as Charles Gorsuch "of 
Baltimore County" November 30th, 1677, when he purchased from John 
Ashrame of Calvert County three tracts on the Eastern Shore, on Divid- 
ing Creek, Choptank River, Talbot County, viz.: Edwards Lower Land, 
100 acres, Edwards Purchase, 100 acres, and an unnamed tract, 100 
acres, (Talbot Co. Deeds 3; 104). His brother Richard* Gorsuch was 
then living on Dividing Creek (ante 24; 318-319). In several Baltimore 
County deeds executed by him in the year 1679 he is referred to as 
"Charles Gorsuch of Talbot County". 

The Tred Avon, Talbot County, Meeting records, 13th, 3rd month ,1677, 
called Charles Gorsuch to account for "taking a wife contrary to the 
truth", indicating that he was then living on the Eastern Shore. He had 
married, probably just before this date, Sarah Cole, who was almost cer- 
tainly the daughter of Thomas Cole of Baltimore County, and who is re- 
ferred to in several deeds as his "sole heir". Sarah the wife of Charles 
Gorsuch gave a Power of Attorney to Miles Gibson to acknowledge for 
her the sale by her husband Charles Gorsuch of the tracts Swan Harbour 
and The Forrest, February 8th, 1678-9 (Balto. Deeds I. R.; P. P. 31). 
In a deed, December 8th, 1679, Charles Gorsuch of Talbot County and 
his wife Sarah convey to [his brother-in-law] David Jones the three 
Baltimore County tracts, viz.: Cole's Harbour*, 550 acres. Maiden's 
Choice, 450 acres, and Marybome [St. Mary Bow], 200 acres, the deed 
reading his "wife Sarah being heiress to said land as ye last will and 
*For a detailed history of Cole's Harbor or Todd's Range upon which 
Baltimore Town was laid out in 1729, see this Magazme, Vol. XXIV, 
pp. 433-437 and Vol. XXV. pp. 93-96. 



testament of Thomas Cole will make appear" (idem. I. R.; P. P. 46). 
And again in a confirmatory deed to these same tracts executed by 
Sarah, with Charles Gorsuch, alone, August 1st, 1682, she is described 
as "the only and sole heir of Thomas Cole, late of Patapsco River, 
Baltimore County, deceased" (idem I. R.; A. M., 186). It does not 
appear that the will of Thomas Cole was ever admitted to probate, as 
it is not to be found among the Annapolis wills or the local records of the 
county. It seems quite possible that it was defective, and that the 
confirmatory deed in 1682 was executed to rectify the reference to it in 
the description of the properties in the original deed of 1679. There 
would, therefore, seem to be no doubt that Sarah was the daughter of 
Thomas Cole, as is stated specifically by Griffith (Griffith's Annals of 
Baltimore; 1821; p. 6). The Annapolis patent records show that 
Thomas Cole in 1649 transported himself and wife Priscilla into the 
Province and settled in Anne Arundel County on the Severn, but later 
patented Maiden's Choice and Cole's Harbour in Baltimore County. 

Charles Gorsuch, 25th, 10th month [December], 1679, notified the 
Tred Avon Meeting of his intention to remove to the Patapsco (Tred 
Avon Mtg. Rec). There was evidently an objection on the part of his 
Quaker brethren to tiiis, as tardy assent was given 6th, I2th month 
[February ] 1679-80, with a statement of regret that his removal was a 
necessity. The West River Quaker records, 22nd, 2nd month, 1680, 
show that he had then returned to Baltimore County. His wife Sarah 
was living as late as July 6th, 1689 when she joined him in a deed (Balto. 
Deeds R. M.; H. S., 304). No later reference to her has been found. 

Charles* Gorsuch married secondly "the fifteenth day of the twelfth 
month commonly called February * * 1690" [-91] Ann Hawkins. The 
record of this is to be found among the Marriage Certificates of the 
West River, Anne Arundel County Monthly Meeting (p. 16; Hicksite 
Friends Records, Baltimore). The certificate describes them as 
"Charles Gossidge of the County of Baltimore, in the Province of Mary- 
land, son of John and Am Gossidge of the Kingdom of England, deceased, 
and Ann Hawkins of the coijinty aforesaid, daughter of John and Mary 
Hawkins of Anna Ariindell County, deceased." Charles Gorsuch signs 
and Ann Hawkins makes her mark. The marriage took place at the 
house of William Richardson, Senior of Anne Arundel County. Forty 
witnesses sign their names. This certificate is important in establish- 
ing beyond question the identity of Charles* Gorsucn and the Maryland 
and Virginia Gorsuches. The antecedents of John and Mary Hawkins 
of Anne Arundel County, parents of Ann (Hawkins) Gorsuch, have not 
been investigated. His wife Ann joins Charles Gorsuch in a deed May 
4th, 1691 . She seems to have died before her husband, and he apparently 
had no issue by her. 

The Baltimore County land records show that Charles^ Gorsuch sold 
or mortgaged a very large proportion of his land holdings here between 
the years 1679 and 1691, and that during this period he is always referred 



to in the deeds as of Baltimore County. Notwithstanding this he ap- 
pears to have drifted for a time into Cecil County as there is a citation 
in the Baltimore County Court Proceedings . November, 1693 against 
"Charles Gorsuch of Elk River in the County of Cecil, Merchant" 
(Liber 1693-1696; 158). Again October 11th, 1697 he appears with 
Sampson George, as one of the sureties of Sarah Mounts, who admin- 
istered upon the estate of her husband Lawrence Mounts of Cecil County 
(Annap. Test. Proc. 17; 39). Cnarles* Gorsuch's residence in Cecil 
was apparently only tem.porary, for in deeds executed in 1700 and there- 
after up to the time of his death he is again referred to as of Baltimore 

Very little is definitely known aboiit the life of Charles^ Gorsuch. 
He probably became a convert to Quakerism before leaving Virginia, 
and was one of the group who removed from there to the Patapsco in 
1659 to avoid religious persecution (ante 24; 92-93). As far as has been 
learned he never held any civil or military position. He must have been 
a man of considerable means in the early part of his career as he was a 
very large land owner. That things did not continue to go well with 
him is shown by the fact that he sold or mortgaged most of his land 
holdings shortly before 1691, and that his eldest son and heir at law 
John Gorsuch inherited but little from him. He was able to sign his 
own name, and his subscription to the Quaker Library show^s that he 
was appreciative of the value of education. There are a few chance 
references to him in several early wills. Hugh Kinsey [Kensey] of 
Anne Arundel County in his will dated May 2nd, 1667, leaves his sac 
cup to Charles Gorsuch and his heirs (Annap. Test. Proc. 2; 188). The 
will of John Dranting of Baltimore County, dated June 19th, 1672, leaves 
certain household goods to Charles Gorsuch (idem. 5; 407). Thomas 
Jones of Baltimore County in his will, dated December 9th, 1675, leaves 
a black cow to Charles Gorsuch (idem. 7; 152). 

It seems probable that Charles* Gorsuch lived at first at Whetstone 
Point, his earliest grant, 1661, where Fort McHenry now stands. This 
tract he conveyed June 25th, 1685 to Lightfoot (Balto. Deeds 
R. M.; H. S. 143), but bought it back August 6th, 1700 from Thomas 
Hammond (idem. H. W.; No. 2; 17, 311, 341). Again March 3rd, 1708-9, 
Charles Gorsuch, Sr. by deed of gift conveyed Whetstone Point "where 
I now live" to his son John Gorsuch, reserving the use of the place dur- 
ing his life (idem. R. M.; H. S., 636). Whether he ever actually lived 
upon Cole's Harbor, upon which Baltimore Town was afterwards laid 
out. which he sold in 1679 to his brotner-in-law David Jones, cannot 
be determined. His name does not appear among the list of Baltimore 
County taxables of sixteen years and over for 1694 (Balto. Co. Ct. Proc. 
G. No. 1; 274). He may have then been living in Cecil County. He 
appears, however, in the lists for 1699 and 1700 alone, and in 1701, 1702 
and 1703 bracketed with [his son] John, as a resident of North side of 
Patapsco Hundred; in 1704 with [his sons] John and Thomas, as a resi- 



dent of South Side of Back River Hundred; and again in 1705 with [his 
son] Thomas, as of North Side Patapsco Hundred. Finally in 1706 with 
his sons] Thomas and Charles junr., as of Upper Patapsco Hundred, 
while in this sam.e year [the brothers] John Gorsuch and Robert Gorsuch 
are bracketed together as of North-side Patapsco Hundred. (Ealto. 
Co. Taxables 1699-1705; MSS. Md. Hist. Soc.) 

Charles Gorsuch probably died in 1716. He left no will. Adminis- 
tration was granted to his son John Gorsuch June 27th, 1716. The lat- 
ter's bond was dated June 27th, with Nicholas Rogers and John Hurst 
sureties in £3 sterling (Test. Proc. 23; 84, 91, 194). An inventory, ao- 
praised July 25tn, 1716, was filed by John Gorsuch (Annap. Inv. 37-A; 

Charles- Gorsuch had at least three sons, John^, Thomas^ . and 
Charles^, all of whom married and left numerous Baltimore County 
descendants. There seems no question that all of the very numccrous 
individuals bearing the name Gorsuch in Baltimiore County down to the 
early part of the last century are descended from, these three sons. There 
is a question, however, as to whether there was not another son Robert. 
This possibility has already been exhaustively considered in another 
connection in discussing the identity of Robert Gorsuch w^ho lived in 
Baltim.ore County in the early part of the eighteenth century, and v.'ho 
died in 1720 leaving issue, dying out in the m.ale line, however, in 1783 
(see ante 24; 217-220). The line of this Robert Gorsuch has already 
been treated there in detail. It seems quite probable that this Robert 
Gorsuch was really the youngest son of Charles* Gorsuch and his wife 
Sarah Cole, and will be tentatively included here as such. The possi- 
bility that Charles* Gorsuch had still another son Lovelace has also 
been previously discussed (ante 24; 220). As the writer feels th?t this 
Lovelace Gorsuch was not the son of Charles* and was almost certainly 
identical with Lovelace^ Gorsuch, a grandson of Charles*, and a son of 
Thomas^, he will not even tentatively be included here. It is not known 
certainly whether Charles* Gorsuch had any daughters. None have 
been traced. It seems likely to the writer, however, that he may have 
had a daughter who married into the family of Nicholas Rogers of 
Baltim.ore County, as the records indicate that there was some close 
relationship here. The three sons, John^, Thomas^ and Charles^, 
mentioned above, were all children by Charles* 's first wife, Sarah Cole, 
as all were born prior to the date of his second marriage to Anne Hawkins, 
by whom he appears to have had no issue. That John^ Gorsuch was the 
son and heir at law of Charles* Gorsuch is proven by several direct state- 
ments to this effect in the records (see post John^ Gorsuch). Thomas^ 
Gorsuch, who, we know from sundry depositions, was born between 
1678 and 1680, inherited jointly with [his eldest brother] John the tract 
Maiden's Cnoice under the will of David Jones, 1687, the second husband 
of their aunt Anna* Gorsuch. While there is no direct statement in the 
records that Charles^ Gorsuch, bom in 1686, was the son of Charles* 



Gorsuch, there is no doubt v/hatever that he was, for he appears in the 
list of taxables for 1706 as Charles Gorsuch, jr., bracketed with [his] 
brother Thomas^ Gorsuch as living with Charles Gorsuch, Sr. Other 
indirect evidence that Thomas^ and Charles^ Gorsuch were the sons of 
Charles^ Gorsuch will be given in considering each. The many errors 
which have been made in the published pedigrees of the innumerable 
Baltimore County families of Gorsuch, have been due largely to the 
multiplicity of certain common Christian in the various branches, 
and to the fact that no study of the family as a whole has hitherto been 
made. It, therefore, seems desirable to present all the evidence and to 
carry down the various male lines to the fifth generation from the emi- 
grant where this is possible. There are several individuals bearing the 
name Gorsuch appearing in the census for 1790, who cannot be identified, 
but who are almost certainly descendants of the sons of Charles* Gor- 
such . Nearly all of these are probably descendants of the eldest son John^ . 
The writer will welcome information in regard to any of these "lost 
lines", or the correction of any errors in this pedigree, as the descend- 
ants of Charles* Gorsuch who are interested in clearing this pedigree up 
in its various ramifications are legion.* 

Children of Charles* Gorsuch (John^, DanieP, Williami) and his 
wife Sarah Cole: 

2- i. John^ Gorsuch (Charles*, John^, Daniel2, Williami). 

Bom 1678 or 1679. Died 1733 (?). Married Eliza- 
beth Left issue. q. v. 

3. ii. Thomas^ Gorsuch (Charles* , John^ , Daniel2 , Williami ) . 

Born between 1678 and 1680. Died 1774. Married 
Jane Ensor, August 19th, 1714. Left issue. q. v. 

4. iii. Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles* , John^ , Daniel^ , William^ ) . 

Born 1686 or 1687. Died 1746 or 1747. Married 1st 

about 1712 2nd about 1720 

Sarah Cole. Left issue. q. v. 

?iv. Robert^ Gorsuch (Charles*, John^, DanieP, Williami). 
Bom about 1690 (?). Died 1720. Married ante 1711 

Johann Left issue. Was probably 

the son of Charles* Gorsuch. A sketch of this indi- 
vidual and his descendants together with a discussion 
as to his identity has already appeared; see Vol. 
XXIV; pp. 217-221. q- v- 

^ Owing to lack of space it will be necessary to make very brief notes in 
regard to the grandchildren of Charles Gorsuch and their descendants, 
so that it will be impossible to publish in detail the evidence, based 
largely upon the tracing of land titles, on which these later pedigrees 
rest. Those who are interested may consult a typewritten genealogy of 
"Charles Gorsuch and his Descendants" by the writer, deposited m the 
Maryland Historical Society, which goes further into detail, as regards 
these later lines. 

(To be continuec".) 




A History of the Pacific Northwest. By Joseph Schafer, Ph. D., 
Head of the Department of History, University of Oregon [&c., &c.] 
Author of "The Pacific Slope and Alaska," &c. New York, The 
Macmillan Company, 1918, pp. 323, with 15 maps and illustrations. 
"This book tells the romantic story of early Northwest history, in- 
cluding succinct accounts of the Spanish, British and American explorers 
of the coast line, the Lewis and Clark expedition, the fur trade by sea 
and land, and the coming of the missionaries to the Indians. It deals at 
considerable length with the settlem.ent of the country by the American 
pioneer farmers, who came to this far west by the historic "Oregon Trail. 
The diplomatic nistory of the Oregon Question based upon the author's 
exhaustive researches in the British Archives illustrates well the char- 
acter of the book, which is concise, readable and yet authoritative." 

Shakespeare and the Founders of Liberty in America. By Charles 
Mills Gayley, Litt. D., LL. D., Professor of the English Language 
and Literature in the University of California. New York, The 
Macmiillan Com,pany, 1918, pp. 270. 
This is a very ingenious and interesting book. The "Founders of 
Liberty in America" were the m^embers of the liberal v/ing of the Virginia 
Company, Southam^pton , Sandys, the Farrars, &c. The author's thesis 
is that Shakespeare miust have been on the most intimate and confidential 
terms with these liberals, because he uses in The Tempest suggestions 
and phrases only to be found in a letter from Wm. Strachey, which was 
not in print until after the play appeared. His argum.ent is certainly 
strong, and he is able to show many connections between Shakespeare 
and the liberal mem.bers of the Com.pany. The trouble is that from 1607 
to 1619, Sir Thomas Smith was at the head of the Virginia Com_pany and 
confidential dispatches would have been in his hands rather than those 
of Southamipton and Sandys. 

"The purpose of this book is to show, moreover, that the thoughts 
and even the words of the liberal master, the judicious Hooker, passed 
into the minds of our Revolutionary Fathers and into the Dec xaration of 
Independence; and that the principles common to Shakespeare and Hooker, 
to Sir Edwin Sandys, Southam.pton, and the other Patriots of seventeenth- 
century England, several of them. Shakespeare's friends, are the prin- 
ciples of liberty, which America enjoys today". Every one interested 
in American history will not only find this book most interesting reading, 
but worthy of careful study. 



Ommtrandy. By Armistead C. Gordon, Author of "Mage." New 
York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1917, pp. 295, illustrated. 
This department does not include fiction; but when a member of our 
Board writes a delightful collection of stories, which treat with great 
knowledge and sympathy of a by-gone phase of Virginia life, we mxake an 
exception. No one else is now doing the same work Mr. Gordon is, and it 
is the belief of Virginians that no one else can. 

William Claiborne of Virginia, with some Account of his Pedigree. 
By John Herbert Claiborne, M. D., F. A. C. S. [&c, &c.] with 
an introduction by John D. Lindsay of the New York Bar, pp. 331, 
Illustrated. G. P. Putnams Son's, New York & London, 1917. 
One of the most interesting episodes of early American history is the 
long struggle of William Claiborne of Virginia with the Colony of Mary- 
land. This was, in part, a fight for Claiborne's own personal rights and 
property and in part a struggle to sustain Virginia's claim to territory 
granted her by her charters. The long struggle with its fluctuating 
fortunes is well told, with much aid of documentary authorities. It would 
almost seem that Mr. Claiborne has said the final word on the subject. 
For thirty-five years, William Claiborne was a very prominent figure 
in Virginia history and even when he dropped out of active service he 
still continued, up to a great age, his indomitable efforts to recover his 
rightful dues. 

This book begins with three interesting chapters on the English ances- 
try of William Claiborne. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVL July, 1918. No. 3 



The Executive Committee of this Society feels that the 
names of the men who die for their country in this war for 
freedom should not be left scattered in bulletins and newspapers, 
soon to be forgotten by all but those nearest to them; but 
should be collected and preserved in some more perm.anent 
form. What we can do toward this end is necessarily confined 
to Virginians. It has been determined that a careful record 
be kept, and that in each quarterly number of our Magazine 
there shall be printed a list of the m.en of the State who have 
been killed in action, lost at sea, or died in service, of wounds, 
accident or disease. The record in each case yAU be brief, 
containing only what the governient Vv^ould approve and it will, 
no doubt, be incomplete. Until recently no list V\ras published 
of the names of those who die in the United States, and only 
such names of this sort as appeared in our local papers could be 
given. The present instalment covers the period since the 
beginning of the war. 

The loss of these gallant men will cause sorrow far beyond 
their personal acquantance, but their high example will prove 
an inspiration alike to those who are privileged to do active 
service, and to those who remain at hom.e. 

Nearly three hundred years ago it was said of the Virginians 
who fell in the great Indian Massacre of 1622, that "this ad- 



dition to the price has enhanced the piirchase and the blood 
of those people will be the seed of the plantation." Of the 
Virginians whose names appear here, as of all others who die 
in the same cause, it can also be most truly said, that the 
liberty bought with their lives will be doubly precious, and 
that their blood will be the seed of a new and better world. 

Whether they die here or ' ' over there, ' ' at sea or on land, 
their countrymen will think of each of them in the words of 
the incription placed over the grave of every American soldier 
in France : 

' ' He died that men might be free 

John Latham Allen, age 26; Corporal 107th Infantry, U.S.A., 
March 10, 1918, of disease at Spartanburg, S. C. Son of Henry 
Allen, of Greenwood. (Richmond Times-Dispatch, March 11, 

George M. Anderton First Lieut. Engineers, American 
Expeditionary Forces; Dec. 9, 1917, on U. S. transport, of dis- 
ease. Emergency Address; Mrs Judith Anderton (wife), Alex- 
andria (Official Bulletin, Dec. 16, 1917). 

Charles Spruill Ashbee Jr. seaman, U. S. N.; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March ?, 1918. Home: Berkley. (Rd. Times Dispatch, 
April 15, 1918). 

Frank A. Baker, aged 22, private Artillery, A. E. F; of disease. 
May 17, 1918. Son of Mrs B. F. Baker, 3018 E. Marshall St. 
Richmond (Richmond News-Leader, May 29 ,1918). 
Samuel D. Baker, U. S. N; of disease, March 1918, at Ports- 
mouth Va; son of C. S. Baker, Winchester (Richmond Tiines- 
Dispatch March 5, 1918). 

William Victor Barneby, Lieutenant, A. E. F. of accident 
(Reported May 26, 1918). Emergency Address: Mrs W. V. 
Barneby, 222, 30th St. Newport-News (New York Times, 
May 26, 1918). 

Julius E. Batton, private. Marines, Jan. 16, 1918, of disease. 
Emiergency Address, Maggie E. Batton, mother, R. F. D. 
No. 2, Danville, Va. (Official Bulletin Jan. 21, 1918). He was 
19 years old and was son of W. F. Batton (Rd. Times-Dispatch, 
Jan. 23, 1918). 



Young Beagle, Stafford County, aged 22, private National 
Army; Camp Lee, Va., January 1918, of disease (Richmond 
Times-Dispatch, Jan. 13, 1918). 

Andrew Beirne Blair Jr. aged 20, Chief Quartermaster U. S. 
Naval Reserve, serving in Naval Aviation Corps, killed at 
Pensacola, Fla., June 19, 1918, by a colHsion in the air in a 
formation flight. Son of A. Beirne Blair, 404 W. Franklin St., 
Richmxond, Va. (Richmond Times-Dispatch June 20; Official 
Bulletin, June 22, 1918). 

Reginald St. C. Bosher, seaman, U. S. N; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March ?, 1918. Next of kin ¥/illiam T. Bosher, 
922 No. 20th St. Richmond (Rd. Times-Dispatch April 15, 1918) 
George G. Bradley Jr.U. S. N; aged 19, of disease, May 30, 
1918, at Brooklyn N. Y. Son of Rev. G. G. Bradley, 3032 
Hanover Avenue, Richmond (Richmond Times-Dispatch June 
1, 1918). 

James Carlock Brewer, aged 23, Lieutenant A. E. F.; killed 

in action. (Reported June 29) . Son of J. K. Brewer, Bristol. 

(Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 30 and July 2, 1918). 

B. F. Brightwell, Corporal Coast Artillery, aged 23; Feb. 

22, 1918, of disease at Fortress Monroe. Resident of Danville 

(Richm.ond Times-Dispatch Feb. 23, 1918). 

VfiLLiAM Bryan Brooks, Seaman, U. S. N; lost on collier 

Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: R. F. D. 5, Roanoke (Rd. Tim_es- 

Dispatch April 15, 1918). 

Walter L. Brown, lost on torpedoed Tuscania, Feb. 5, 1918. 
Son of Mrs Booker Brown, Pera, Va. 

Harry G. Bruce, Sergeant, A. E. F; killed in action. Reported. 
May 5. Emergency Address: Richard Bruce, R. F. D. 2, 
Elkton (N. Y. Times May 7, 1918). 

Davis F. Bryant, private, A. E. F., killed in action. Reported 
May 10, 1918. Son of Mrs D. C. Bryant, Box 807, Hopewell, 
(N. Y. Times, May 11, 1918). 

Thomas Bosher Carter, aged 21, private A. E. F.; Dec. 13 
1917, from effects of gas in action. Son of E. S. Carter, Palls 
P. O., King William County (Official Bulletin). 
James A. Clayton, private, marines, A. E. F; from wounds. 
Son of Mrs Isabel Clayton, Rushville (Official Bulletin, re- 
ported June 17, 1918). 



Jacob Edel Cohen, electrician, U. S. N. lost, April 11, 1918, 
on torpedoed Steamer Lake Moor. Son of Edel Cohen, 732 W. 
Broad St. Richmond (Rd. Times-Dispatch, April 1, 1918). 
Carl E. Clausen, oiler U. S. N., lost on collier Cyclops, 
March ? 1918. Home: 102 York St. Norfolk. (Rd. Times-Dis- 
patch April 15, 1918). 

Leonard Crouse, private, of disease at Camp Wadsworth, 
S. C, during week ending June 21, 1918. Home: Pound. 
(Official Bulletin June 28, 1918). 

James M. Currie, seaman U. S. N. ; killed by explosion on U. S. 
Submarine A-7, July 25, 1917, Philipine Islands. Son of Mrs 
Cara a. Currie, 613 Y\f. 21st. St., South Richm.ond (Rd. Times- 
Dispatch Oct. 10, 1917). 

Paul Waples Derrickson, Lieutenant A. E. F.; killed in ac- 
tion (reported June 25). Emergency address : Mrs. Mary G. 
Derrickson, 727 Baldwin Place, Norfolk. (New York Timxcs, 
June 26, 1918). 

Leslie A. Dodge, U. S. N. Feb. 12, 1918, of disease at Norfolk 
Va. Mother, Mrs. Charlotte Dodge, 703 27th St., Woodland 
Heights, Richmxond (Richmond News-Leader, Feb. 13, 1918). 
Samuel G. Dowdy, oiler U. S. N; lost on collier Cyclops. March 
? 1918. Homic: 231 20th St, Norfolk (Rd. Times-Dispatch 
April 15, 1918). 

William H. Duke, Store keeper U.S.N, lost on collier Cyclops 
March ? 1918. Home: 309 Duncan Avenue, Norfolk (Rd. Times- 
Dispatch April 15, 1918). 

John Dunn, aged 20, Cadet 4th Royal Flying Corps, of disease 
at Toronto, Canada, March 26, 1918 Son of John Dunn, 
M. D., 411 E. Franklin St. Richmond, (Rd., 
March 27, 1918) 

WiLLAM Lee Daniell,, U. S. N., lost on toipedoed 
steamer Lake Moor, April 11, 1918. Home: Berkley (Rd. 
Times-Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

Randolph Fauntleroy, private Stevedores, A.E.F., Feb 4, 
1918, of gunshot wound. Emiergency address Richard Fauntle- 
roy, father. Center Cross, Essex Co. (Official Bulletin, Feb. 16, 
1918). William Fauntleroy, Corporal Stevedore Regin'ent, 
A. E. F. Dec. 20, 1918, of gim shot wound. Emicrgency Address, 



George Fauntleroy (father), Kinsale Va. (Official Bulletin 
Dec. 26, 1917). 

Dick Ferguson, private A. E. F; of disease (reported June 9, 
1918). Emergency Address: Mrs Louise Ferguson, Victoria 
(Official Bulletin June 10, 1918). 

William Bertie Ferguson, seaman, U. S. N; lost on torpedoed 
steamer Lake Moor, April 11, 1918. Home: Roanoke. (Rd. 
Times-Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

Percy W. Freeman, Corporal Stevedores, A. E. F., Feb. 12, 
1918, of disease. Emergency address, Josie Freeman, mother, 
R. F. D. No. 2, Box 56, Corthance. (Official Bulletin Feb. 15, 

Francis M. French, private U. S. A; by accident at Chicago. 
Sept. 1917. Son of John M. French, 1206 Decator St., South 
Richmond (Rd. Times-Dispatch Oct. 1, 1917). 
Harry V. Garman, private, infantry, A. E. F., Killed in action, 
Jan. 21, 1918. Emergency Address, Mrs Laura Garman, 
mother, Catawba Va. (Official Bulletin Jan. 23 1918). 
Charles R. Gates, aged 27 years, private Co. B. 131st Field 
Artilley, Feb. 13, 1918, of disease at Camp Bowie, Texas. Wife, 
Mrs Mary Branch Gates, Richmond (Richmond Times- 
Dispatch Feb. 14, 1918). 

William O. Geyer, Blackstone, Va., lost on torpedoed Tus- 
cania, Feb. 5, 1918. (N. Y. Times, Feb. 27, 1918). 
Lloyd B. Gray, aged 23, private Coast Artilley; drowned in 
Mobile Bay near Fort Morgan, Ala., June 1918. Son of Mrs. 
A. J. Pomeroy, Stop 85, Nine Mile Road, Henrico County 
(Richmond Times-Dispatch June 14, 1918). 
William S. Gray, engineman, U. S. N. lost on collier Cyclops, 
March ? 1918. Home: 418 31st St. Norfolk (Richmond Times- 
Dispatch, x\pril 15, 1918). 

jAr.iES B. Hake, seaman LT. S. N., lost on collier Cyclops, 
March ? 1918. Son of Benjamin S. Hake, 532 Nicholson St., 
Richmond (Rd. Times-Dispatch April 15, 1918). 
Winston A. Hartsook, U. S. A., lost on torpedoed Tuscania, 
Feb. 5, 1918. Home: Rapidan 

Robert Harvey, private^ A. E. F; of disease (Reported May 
30, 1918). Emergency Address: Mrs Liz?ie Harvey, R. F. D. 
3, Box 55, Rustb'urg (N. Y. Times May 31, 1918). 



Norman A. Hempel, Coxswain, U. S. N; lost on collier Cy- 
clops, March? 1918. Home: South Norfolk (Rd. Times- Dispatch 
April 15, 1918). 

John S. Henry jR.,aged 24; University of Tennessee Am- 
bulance Unit, A. E. F. Killed in action. May 3, 1918. Son 
of Captain John S. Henry, Bristol (Richmond News-Leader, 
May 10; Times-Dispatch June 18, 1918). 

W. Roy Herbert, oiler, U. S. N; lost on collier Cyclops, 
March ? 1918. Home: Berkley. (Rd. Times-Dispatch, April 
15, 1918). 

Dewey Hobson Herring, seaman U. S. N; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March? 1918. Next of kin, James E. Herring, Ginter 
Park, Richmond (Rd. Times-Dispatch April 15, 1918). 
George B. Hoffman, seaman, lost on U. S. Army transport 
President Lincolin, torpedoed May 31, 1918. Father: Michael 
Hoffman, Ridley Park (New York Times June 4, 1918). 
John Benjamin Howerton, seaman, U. S. N ; lost on torpedoed 
steamer Lake Moor, April 11, 1918. Home: Petersbur^^ Va. 
(Rd. Times-Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

William Hudgins, private, of disease at Camp Upton, N. Y., 
during week ending June 21, 1918. Homic : Susan P. O., 
Mathews County (Official Bulletin June 28, 1918). 
Charles Humphrey, private, U. S. A. Camip Kearney, San 
Diego, Cal., drowned. May 5, 1918. Of Afton, (News- 
Leader, May 7, 1918). 

A. H. Innes, Captain, U. S. A. of disease at Baltimore, Md., 
March 5, 1918. aged about 45. Home: Plam.pton. (Rd. 
Timies-Dispatch March 6, 1918). 

Eugene Jarvis,, U. S. N. lost on collier Cyclops, 
March? 1918. Home: Norfolk (Rd. April 15, 

Eugene Allen Johnston,, U. S. N. lost on toipedoed Lake IN'oor April 11, 1918. Home: Portsmouth (Rd. 
Tim,es-Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

Gecr::e H. Jones, Private, Stevedores, A.E.F.; Jan. 31, 1918, 
of disease. Em.ergency address, Cora B. Jones, vrife, 211 18th 
St., Newport News (Official Bulletin Feb. 4, 1918). 
Darrell Goodwin Jordan, engineman, U. S. N.; lost on collier 



Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: Danville (Rd. Times-Dispatch 
April 15, 1918). 

William Edward Kendall, Cadet Aviation Corps, of disease, 
at St. Paul, Minn. Home: 1107 West Ave., Richmond (Rd. 
Times-Dispatch March 31, 1918). 

Clarence E. Knowlton, (Civilian), oiler, lost on steamer 
Tyler, torpedoed off the coast of France,, May 3, 1918. Home: 
407 W. 31st St., Norfolk (Rd. Times-Dispatch May 8, 1918). 
S. KousTOVicH, ensign U. S. N; lost on collier Cyclops, March 
? 1918. Home: 122 York St., Norfolk (Rd. Times-Dispatch 
April 15, 1918). 

Aubrey L. Lamb, boilermaker, U. S. N., lost on collier Cyclops, 
March ? 1918. Home: 2014 Queen St., Portsmouth. (Rd. 
Times-Dispatch April 15, 1918). 

Matthew Latham, U. S. A., lost on torpedoed Tucania, Feb. 
5, 1918 (N. Y. Times Feb. 27, 1918). Home: Stafford. 
Bernice M. Lewis, private A. E. F., of disease (reported 
June 25). Emergency address: Mrs. Susie Lewis, Weems. 
(New York Times, June 26, 1918). 

Garland E. McCoy, Private Aero Squadion, A. E. F., Dec. 
25, 1917, of disease. Emergency Address, H. P. McCoy, Ports- 
mouth (Official Bulletin, Jan. 2, 1918). 

Thomas D. McCracken, private A. E. F.; killed in action 
(reported June 25).. Emergency address: William D. Mc- 
Cracken, Graham. (N. Y. Times, June 26, 1918). 
J. B. Marks, Sergeant, aged 25; May 3, 1918, of disease at 
Camp McClellan, Anniston, Ala. Son of H. A. Marks, Roanoke 
Va. (Richmiond Times-Dispatch). 

E. W. Mears, (Civilian) 3rd assistant engineer, lost on steamer 
Tyler torpedoed off coast of France, May 3rd 1918. Home: 
Wash Creek (Rd. Times-Dispatch May 8, 1918). 
Robert E. L. Michie, aged 54, Brigadier General, A. E. F; 
of disease, June 5, 1918, on a train near Rouen, France. Son of 
late Dr. J. Augustus Michie. Albemarle County (Richmond 
Times-Dispatch, June 7, 1918). 

Thomas Owen, private 116th Infanty U. S. A. aged 22 years; 
Jan. 1918, of disease at Camp McClellan, Ala. Son of Mrs. 



J. R. Owen, of Appomattox (Richmond Times-Dispatch Feb. 
3, 1918). 

H. Spooner Parsons, private National Army; Feb. 6, 1918, 
of disease at Camp Lee. Son of W. S. Parsons, Arrington, Nel- 
son county (Richmond News-Leader Feb. 7, 1918). 
Samuel H. Pasley, private Stevedores, A, E. F.; Jan. 5. 1918, 
of disease. Emergency Address, Clara Pasley, sister, Vinton, 
Franklin County. (Official Bulletin Jan. 26, 1918). 
LiNWOOD L. Payne, Private, Infantry, A. E. F.; Feb. 16, 1918, 
of disease. Emergency Address, Mrs Fannie Payne, mother, 
Purcellville (Official Bulletin Feb. 19, 1918). 
Frederick A. Plogger, Sergeant A. E. F., of wounds (re- 
ported June 28). Emergency address: Mrs. Fannie Plog- 
ger, Carrie. (New York Times, June 29, 1918). 
Edward Spotswood Pollard, seaman, U. S. N.; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: Ayletts,King William County 
(Rd. Times-Dispatch April 15, 1918). 

Amos Marcellus Porter, shipfitter, U. S. N.; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: Hanover Va. (Rd. Times-Dis- 
patch April 15, 1918). 

Herbert Ragsdale, private, infantry. National Army, drowTied 
at Suffolk Va., April 27, 1918. Home: Suffolk (Rd. Times-Dis- 
•patch April 28, 1918). 

Cleland Ratcliffe, seaman U. S. N., lost,. April 11, 1918, 
on ton^edoed steamer Lake Moor. Home: King George county 
(Rd. Times-Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

Henry Marion Richards, private National Army; Jan. 24, 
1918, of disease at Camp Lee, Va. Father, W. J. Richards, 
Suffolk Va. (Rd. News-Leader, Jan. 25, 1918). 
Edco Ruffin, private, A. E. F; of disease (Reported June 22) 
Emergency Address: Mrs Bettie Byrd Ruffin, R. F. D. 1, 
Spring Grove, Surry Comity (N. Y. Tin:e3, June 23, 1918). 
Kenneth L. St. Clair, private, Marines, A. E. F; of wounds. 
En-ergency Address: Mrs Ada E. St. Clair, mother, Egglestcn 
(N. Y. Times, June 23, 1918). 

Edgar AV. Sellars, aged 20, private A. E. F; killed in ac^.ion 
Jri^e 2, 1918. Son of I\L V. Sellars, Elkton (Richn^cnd Tir/es- 
Dispatch June 22, 1918). 



John G. vSellers, machinists' mate Aviation Corps, first-class, 
at Pensacola, Fla., June 28, 1918, by an accident while flying. 
Home : Roanoke. (Richmond Times-Dispatch, June 29, 1918) . 
Frank Shaw, private, of disease, at Camp Travis, Texas, 
during week ending June 21, 1918. Home: 741 No. 4th St., 
Richmond. (Official Bulletin, June 28, 1918). 
Edward Shoults, Major, A. E. F; of disease (reported June 
20). Emergency Addres: Mrs Grace M. Shoults, 611 Cameron 
St., Alexandia (N. Y. Times, June 21, 1908). 
John W. Sorey, Private, Engineers, A. E. F.; Jan. 13, 
1918, of disease. Emergency Address: James David Sorey, 
father, R. F. D. 1, Fentress Va. (Official Bulletin Jan. 16, 1918). 
William Spurley, private, U. S. A; of disease at Newport 
News Va. April 1918. Home: Onancock Va. (Rd. Times-Dis- 
patch April 23, 1918). 

Melville Ingalls Sullivan, Lieutenant Aviation Corps; 
killed by accident while flying at Miami, Florida, May 7, 
1918. Son of L. F. Sullivan, 1115 Grove Ave., Richmond 
(Richmond Times-Dispatch May 8, 0908). 
Benamjin T. Tinsley, aged 38 years. Army Field Clerk, 
A. E. F.; of disease, March 19, 1918. Son of W. H. Tinsley, 
Salem (So. Churchman, May 4, 1918). 

Bernard L. Tullington, U. S. A. lost on torpedoed Tuscania, 
Feb. 5, 1918. Home: Phoebus (N. Y. Times, Feb. 7, 1918). 
Aubrey Ure Valentine, 19 years of age, gunners' mate, 
U. S. Naval Reseves, Jan. 17, 1918, of disease at Norfolk Va. 
Son of Mrs. Alberta L. Valentine, 8. Government Road, 
Richmond (Richmond Times-Dispatch Jan. 19 , Richmond 
News-Leader Feb. 7, 1918). 

John Freeman Wainwright, seaman, U. S. N.; lost in collier 
Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: Portsmith (Rd. Times-Dispatch 
April 15, 1918). 

Thomas L. Walker, private, A. E. F., of disease (reported 
May 19, 1918). Emergency Address: Jeff. D. Walker, Crewe 
(N. Y. Times May 20, 1918). 

Eugene Russell Wheatley, 1st Lieutenant, Aviation Corps, 
A. E. F; by accident, March 1918. Born 1895 at Culpeper. 
Son of Joseph W. Wheatley (Rd. Timies-Dispatch March 29, 



Lloyd William Williams, Captain Marine Corps, A. E. F., 
of wounds received in action June 11, 1918. Son of Goodwin 
H. Williams, Berryville. (Richmond Times-Dispatch, July 1, 

Johnnie Wilson, private A. E. F.; by accident (reported May 
20, 1918). Emergency Address: Mrs Letha Wilson, 618 
Princess Anne Ave., Norfolk (Official Bulletin May 1, 1918). 
Thomas Wilson, seaman, U. S. N; lost on torpedoed steamer 
Lake Moor, April 11, 1918. Home: Portsmouth (Rd. Times- 
Dispatch April 21, 1918). 

G. W. Worley, Lt. Commander U. S. N. R.; lost on collier 
Cyclops, March ? 1918. Home: 523 Pennsylvania Ave., Norfolk 
(Rd. Times-Dispatch April 15, 191^5). 

Jonas Wright, private, at Camp Lee, Va., of disease, be- 
tween March 8 and June 21, 1918. Home: Stanardsville. 
(Official Bulletin, June 28, 1918). 



From the Originals in the Library of Congress. 
^Erasures in the original are printed here in italics. 


5. At the Court were reade Letters directed to ye Governor 
& Councell from ye Lords of his Ma 'ties privye Counsell 
touchng the requiring of Mr Abraham Persey to make satis- 
faction to the Adventurers of ye late Magazine (1) according 
to his agreem't w'th them & to send it by the first retume of 
shipping to London according as the said Adventurers of ye 
Magazine have directed him by their letters unto him: The 
Court hath hereuppon ordered yt Peirse do w'thout faile shipp 
so much Tobacco in ye good shipps called ye Anne & ye James 
as shall make full satisfaction according to his agreem't w'th 
them & yt hee direct & consigne it according to their directions 
unto him by their letters. 

6. At this Court v/as p'duced by Capt. Will'm Tucker a 
generall acquittance under ye hand & scale of Mr George 
M enefye, Attorney from Mr John Ferrar, John Bland, (2) 

The "Magazine" was a store kept in Virginia as a private venture by 
various members of the Virginia Company. It has been spoken of as 
"the Company s Store," but the shareholders were really certam ad- 
venturers, who received authority from the Company to sell to the colon- 
ists. The resident manager, or "Cape Merchant" was also the receiver 
of the Company's revenues in Virginia. 

(2) John Bland (1573-1632), grocer, of London, was an active member 
of the Virginia Company. Four of his sons emigrated to Virginia. 
Abraham Jennings was one of the charter members of the Company for 
colonizing New jPoundland. John Ferrar was one tf the leaders of the 
Virginia Company. 



Abraham Jennings & Companye for ye clearing and acquitting 
of ye said Capt. Tucker of all manner of actions, debts & 
whatsoever belonging unto ye voiadge of ye Elenor of Orston 
1621, The coppye whereof here followeth 
See records vol. 24. 


A Court at James Citty, the 12*^^ day of Octob'r 1626, 
pr'sent S'r George Yeardley knt. Governor &c. Capt. Smyth, 
Capt. Mathewes, Mr Persey, Mr. Clayboume, Capt. Tucker & 
Mr. Farrar. 

1. At this Court Mr Will'm Clayboume made request unto 
ye Court yt wheras there were certaine kine delivered by Mr 
George Sandys late treasurer unto Mr Davison (3) late Sec- 
retarye, deceased, & unto Mr Doctor Pott equally between 
them they both claiming, that by conditions fro' the Com- 
pany w'th them they were to have fowre kine to belonge to 
eatch of their places & offices: Now Mr Clayboume humbly 
desireth ye Court to take into consideration whether any of 
those cattle may not now be delivered unto him as apper- 
taining to ye place of Secretarye 

2. It is ordered yt Mr Doctor Pott doe procure out of Eng- 
land from Mr George Sandys late treasurer or fro ' S 'r ffrancis 
Wyatt, Knt., late Govenor, .a certificate under their or either 
of their hands and scales or hand & scale, yt eithier the one or 
the other of them, or both, delivered the kyne w'ch are now in 
ye possession of ye said Doctor Pott as belonging & appertaining 
to ye place of Physition between this time & the last day of 
October w'ch shalbe in ye yeare of our Lord 1627, Or other- 
wise yt he ye said Doctor Pott deliver those said Kyne upp, 
w'th ye increase, unto ye present Governor Sz Council of Estate 
to be by them disposed of as shall then seem best S: convenient. 

3. It is ordered yt whereas it appeareth by bond under the 
hand and sele of Mr John Hart for ye delivering of one nian 

(3) Christopher Davison, Secretary of State of Virginia, 1G21-1623, 
was son of Queen Elizabeth's unfortunate Secretary. 



unto John Bainham, gent, at or uppon ye 25*^ day of Decemb. 
1625 as by ye said bond more at large appeareth, Now whereas, 
ye said man is not delivered accordingly, yt George Menefy, 
Merchant, doe retaine & keepe five hundred pounds waight 
of tobacco of ye goods of 3^e said John Hart, yt if the said man, 
now alledged to bee sent & shipped on a ship fro' Ireland. 
Mr ffells, master, does not arrive & be delivered to ye said 
John Bainham by the 25*^ day of Decemb. next, yt then the 
said 400 lbs of tobacco be paid to ye said Mr Bainham in full 
satisfaction of ye said bond. 

Steven Webb (4) sw^ome and examined sayeth yt the last 
night he heard Margarett ye wife of Thomas Jones say that 
there was never a man breething should keep her from going 
to Paspehay w 'th her husband, And yt after ye reading of the 
warrant shee also said yt for noe mortall m^an she would goe to 
J amies Towhe except Mrs Allington went And further this 
deponent sayeth yt about one mionth agoe John Butterfield 
cam^e to this deponents wife all bebloudyed over her face, & 
sayd yt Goodwife Jones had beat him and further this de- 
ponent deponent sayeth yt the next day after this as hee 
remembereth being Sonday in ye morning, the said Butter- 
field went into his own plot of pease to gather somie, where- 
uppon the wife of Jones followed him. & v\^ould not 
suffer him to gather any, then this deponent came thither & 
found them Skuffling together & shee striving to take away 
his bagg then this deponent [p. 46] asked Butterfield if hee 
were a mian, & desired him to give leave to this deponent to 
gather some pease, w^'ch wheri Btitterfield bid him to doe, & hee 
stooping and gathering some the said Margarett Jones flew 

(4) Stephen Webb, who at that time lived on the South side of the 
river opposite Jamestown, was a Burgess for James City County 1643-1644 
He v/as son of Stephen Webb of Breshley, Worcestershire. See this 
Magazine III, 57. Margaret Jones was one of those stalwart viragos 
happily now of much less frequent occurrence. At the Census of 1624-5, 
Thos Jones and his wife lived at Pashbehaighs on the north side of the 
river above Jamestown; but had evidently removed to the other side. 
Robert Hutchinson lived at The Main, near Jamestown, 1623. His 
name does not appear in the Census 1624-5. In 1624-5 John Butterfield, 
aged 23, lived at Capt, Smith's plantation "over the water". Stephen 
Webb, also lived there at that time. Thomas Moulton, aged 25, (in 
1624-5) was a neighbor. The Margaret and John was a ship which made 
frequent voyages to Virginia. 



uppon this deponent & strucke him w'th a tobacco stalk, then 
their came in Goodman writte [Wright] who qualifyed her. 
Morover this deponent sayeth that before all this when they 
gathered tobacco, hee saw John Butterfield come with a 
scratched face when he had before heard a great out crye yt 
the said Margarett Jones & ye said Butterfield had made 
Thomas Gray sworne & examined sayeth & affirmeth as much 
as Steven Webb hath done conceminge Margarett Jones her 
beating and scratching John Butterfield. 

Left. Giles Allington sworn & examined sayeth, yt about 
a month agoe there being a falling out betweene John Butter- 
field & Margarett Jones at ye water side, the said Margarett 
haveing scratched him ye said John, then this deponent hearing 
the said Margarett make a clamor & cry for aid, this deponent 
went presently downe & found her w'th her hair about her 
eyes & her face all scratched: then shee coming to ye house 
began to raile at her husband in this manner, thou base rascall 
wilt thou not take my part, what care I for yt. 


Thomas Moulton sworne & examined sayeth & affirmeth in all 
points as much as the aforesaid Giles Allington hath done. 

4. It is ordered, for ye severall offences aforenam^ed of the said 
Margarett Jones, yt shee be toughed [towed] or dragged at a 
boats steme in ye River fro' ye shoare unto the Margarett Sz 
John & thence unto ye shoare againe 

5. In ye presence of ye Court one Robert Hutchinson, having 
bene formerly punished for adultery with Margarett Jones by 
ye Governor & Counsell said in ye open Court w 'th often repe- 
titions & w'th a loud vo,ce, my conscience telleth m^e I have 
been wrongfully punished : Hereupon ye Court for ye insolent 
& uncivill behaviour of ye said Hutchinson do aiudge & con- 
demne him in ye forfeiture of fortye pounds, in ye wh'c he 
standeth allready bound to ye Governor uppon his good be- 
havior, & it is further ordered yt ye said Hutchinson doe 
againe enter into bond of fiftye pounds sterling three hundred 
pounds waight ot Tobacco unto ye governor for his good be. 



havior, & more especially in his carriage of himselfe conceminge 
ye said Margaret Jones 


A Court at James Citty the 13*^ of Octob., 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor, &c, Capt. West, Doct'r 
Pott, Capt. Smyth, Capt. Mathewes, Mr. Persey, Mr Clay- 
bourne, Capt. Tucker & Mr fferrar. 

After ye death of Mr Richard Bennett who deceased about 
ye 28*^ of August last and w'thout any sufficient or particular 
disposition of the goods & other mxatters, concerninge both his 
owne estate & ye estate of Mr Edward Bennett his brother 
hereuppon order hath been taken yt there hath beene an In- 
ventory of all things taken, and all the books and other Accounts 
brought in here at this Court, together w'th a list of all the 
debts drawne out of the same books, a coppye whereof is in- 
tended to be sent into England; and to ye end that the estste 
left here may be preserved, the Court hath thought fitt yt Mr 
Lodowick Pearle (Com'ander of Mr Bennetts plantation by 
Commission fro' Mr. Bennett) do take unto his charge and 
possession all ye goods & whatsoever remaneth of ye estate, 
and doe have recorded in ye Court a Coppye of ye severall 
Inventoryes of ye goods & a receipt of all such books & Accounts 
as he receaveth unto his hands: And if hee shall make use of 
any of ye goods for the reliefe of Mr Bennetts owne servants 
or otherwise shall sell any part therof for ye benefit of ye 
Adventurers yt hee give an Account quarterly into this Court 
of his proceedings therein, that soe wee m.ay prevent any wronge 
as much as may bee, yt may bee done unto ye Company of 
Adventurers— The Court doth likewise require Capt Basse 
Com'ander there to looke into ye proceedings of ye said Lod- 
wicke Pearle, & doe give information thereof 


And in regard yt Capt. Basse hath taken great pains, by order 
from ye Court, in imploying both himselfe & servants con- 
ceminge the taking of ye Inventorys & Casting upp the Accounts 
it is ordered yt Mr Bennett doe make satisfactione unto him. 



2. It is ordered yt Mr Pearle have a generall warrant for the 
better recoveringe of such debts as are not yet paid, of ye debts 
& accounts of Mr Edward Bennett & Mr Richard Bennet (5). 

3. It is ordered, according to an act of a late generall As- 
sembly yt all dwelling houses through the Colony be palizadoed 
or paled about, defensible against ye indians to bee done & 
finish 'd before ye first day of May next, and for such as shall bee 
hereby constrained to bestow their labour on other mens grounds 
having but one years time to stay on ye land, it is hereby 
'provided yt they shall have satisfaction by ye owner thereof 
and in default hereof yt is ordered yt such as shall neglect ye 
making of ye like palizado shall forfeite one hundred waight of 
tobacco to publique uses, & shall then doe w'thin 6 months 
next after or else forfeite over & above ye said one hundred, 
two hundred waight more. And for such as doe inhabite 
uppon Neckes of land yt may with lesse labour & charge be 
taken in & prove as desirable for ye plantation, it is thought 
fitt yt ye Com 'ander of every such plantation doe require all ye 
inhabitants joyntly [p. 50) to afford their labours in performing 
& finishing of the worke, and if any shall in this kind refuse to 
joyne & give their worke herein, it is ordered yt ye Com 'ander 
doe hire or wage some other man to worke in his same & hee to 
pay the charge. But if ye plantation in generall shall neglect 
this thing hereby imposed uppon them they shall forfeite one 
hundred weyght of tobacco ^ pole. 

4. The Court at this time uppon ye demonstrance of Mr. 
Abraham Persey (6) yt ye aforesaid order would prove very 
heavye & troublesome unto him at Perseys Hundred is con- 
tent in regarde he hath many houses allready paled & palizadoed 
in, & that all ye whole necke is well railed in, & that he hath 
10 or 12 pieces of ordinance well mounted & planted for ye 
defense of ye place, yt hee doe pale or palisade in such other 
houses are are not yet framed fro' ye Indians, as hee in his 
discretion shall thinke fitt 

(5) See this Magazine XXV, 393, 394. 

(6) Abraham Persey had 1150 acres on Appomattox River, and also 
Perseys Hundred containing 1000 acres planted. This latter place was 
in the present Prince George County and was also known as Flowerdew 


5. It is at this Couty ordered yt in such places where cattle 
are kept as hogg Hand, James Cittye Hand, the necke of land 
& Other places yt the inhabitants for ye lessening or shortening 
of their workes in securing of their stocke shall not so raile 
or fence by advantage of creeks & necks as ye cattle be hardly 
cut of [off] fro ' a great part of ye feed yt ye cattle might have 
[p. 50 — duplicate no.] in such such raile pale or fence their 
cattle ground as the pasture & field of the cattle bee not taken 
from them. In w'ch if any shall offend his ffence shal be 
pulled downe & the losse arising thereby fall uppon himselfe. 

6. John Adams, Merchant, sworne and examined sayeth yt 
to his knowledge there was no sort of linning cloath brought 
into this Country in ye shipp called ye Happy Entrance w'ch 
arrived here lately fro' Canada except those two dozen of 
Calico sheets set downe in ye Invoice & delivered upp & none 
else but one yard & 3^ of lawne in three remnants. 

At this Court Mr Will'm Gainye, Will'm English, Tho. 
Spilman & ffrances Mason had a graunt of their passes to goe 
for England 

In regard yt there are many inconveniences appear like to 
happen in ye former order of having chosen merchants, by whose 
hands the comodityes brought in might be derived into ye 
hands of ye whole Collony, it is now by the Court ordered yt 
all shipps & vessells whatsoever doe imediately after their first 
arrival w'th all convenient speed come upp to James City, 
unlesse it is otherwise thought by ye Governor & Councell & to 
breake bulke before nor make sale of any goods whatsoever 
before their arrivall their, and shall then deliver upp an In- 
voice of their goods uppon oath if it shalbe thought fitt, and then 
to bring their goods & Com'odityes [p 51] a shoare & not to sell 
anything w'thin ten days, yt soe all ye Collonye may have 
notice of the same & may either come or send every man to 
supply hinselfe for his owne use or ye use of his ffamilye. And 
noe man may be suffered to ingrosse com 'odities or forestall the 
marketts & yt none shall sell any com 'odities at dearer rates 
than they bought ye same uppon penalty of fforfeiture of ye 
said com 'odities & pay 500 li. of Tobacco as often as they shall 
soe offend. And ffurther it is ordered yt noe man except such 



as are of ye Councell & such as are authorized thereunto by 
warrant doe at any time goe aboard of any shipps whatsoever 
either uppon their first arrivall or afterward w'thout warrant 
under ye Governors hand uppon forfeiture of 20 H. of tobacco 
for every such offence, nor to buy any goods whatsoever aboard 
of any shipps, but yt all buying or selling be made & agreed on 
shore, uppon forfeiture of such goods & 500 li. of Tobacco. 

At this Court came in Capt. ffrancis West and Mr George 
Menifie and signifyed yt they had made an agreement and 
finall end conceminge the debts & accounts yt Mr Edward 
Blanye, deceased, was engaged for as concerning the magazine 
goods sent unto him in ye Warwicke ■ 1621 and the Abigaill 
1622, viz yt Capt. West should in full satisfaction of all Accounts 
conceminge ye said debts pay five thousand pounds waight of 
good merchantable Tobacco at or before ye twentieth day of 
November now next [p. 51] ensueing & give in sufficient se- 
curitie for thousand pounds waight of Tobacco more to bee 
paid the next croppe uppon ye twentieth of November 

Yt is ordered yt a publication shall be sent to all plantations 
yt as soon as may bee after the Death of any man there be an 
Inventorye taken of all his estate & goods whatsoever & yt such 
wills & testaments as shall be proved as soone as may be & that 
it be not deferred beyond ye next quarter Court at ye ffarthest 
uppon penaltye of censure of ye Governor & Counsell as in a 
matter yt divers times may prove of great inconvenience as 
hath been apparent by many examples, And it is farther 
ordered yt all such as have not hitherto proved any Wills 
as neglected to deliver f orthw 'th the Inventorizes of ye goods of 
persons deceased within one year last past doe prove ye said 
wills & deliver in ye Inventoryes at or before ye next quarter 
Court held at James Citty uppon ye penaltye aforesaid. 

It is ordered at this Court yt all sales of lands & deeds of 
gift of land made & agreed on between partye w'thin this 
Colonye be brought in to ye Court at James Citty & there 
recorded & enrolled w'thin one year and a day next after ye 
date thereof. 



A Court at James Citty the 23'- of Octob. 1626, presetn S 'r 
George Yeardley, Knt., Governor, &c, Capt. West, Capt. 
Smyth, & Mr Clayboume 

1. Whereas there hath bin formerly an order made uppon 
ye petition of Mr Edward Grindon (7) that ye ground belonging 
by patent to Ensyn W'm Spence, of Archers Hope, should 
be layed out & bounded and yet notw 'thstanding the Ad- 
ministrators of the said Wm Spence have neglected ye per- 
formence of ye same hithertoo, therefore now at ye earnest 
suite & request of the saod Edward Grindon it is ordered yt 
Wm Kempe or such other as doe hold ye Administration of ye 
said Wm Spence his goodes, doe take such course yt ye said 
land at Archers Hope bee layd out & measured before ye 
feast of ye Nativitie of o 'or Lord next ensueing, and to deferre 
it any longer time to ye detrim't of ye said Edward Grindon 
uppon ye penalty of one hundred pounds waight of Tobacco 

2. At this Court there one Letter of Attorney under the 

hand and seal of Richard Bailye guar- 
(See record fol. 377) dian to Mary only daughter & heir to 

John Bailye late Planter here in Vir- 
ginia; proiTered by Edward Grindon, whereby it appeareth yt 
ye said Edward Grindon hath full power & authoritye to enter 
uppon all thereof to dispose as hee shall think fitt as by the 
same doth now at large appeare: Now at this Court the said 
Mr Edward Grindon hath leased the same to S 'r George Yeard- 
ley, Knt. for the terme of three yeares, or longer if soe bee the 
child doe not then come of age, paying yearly to him for ye 
same ye some of two hundred pounds of tobacco 

3. It is recorded yt wheras Capt. Hamor, Esqr. deceased, 
hath formerly made petition to ye Court to have a grant of 
such land as hee hath now planted uppon in Hogg Island, 
ye land of Mary Baily being measured & bounded yt there 
shall be a grant of two hundred acres of land there situated 
given unto Mrs Elizabeth Hamor, as made & constituted 
herein to ye same by the last will and Testament of Capt. 
Ralfe Hamor 

(7) In 1624, Edward Grindon owned land on the south side of the 
river opposite Jamestown. He was a Burgess for that section 1623-4. 
Vol. I, 89, 90. 




A Court at James Citty the 24*^ ^^^y of October 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor 8cc, Capt Roger Smyth, 
Mr Clayboume & Capt Tucker 

1. Steven Dixon sworn & examined sayeth yt uppon the 29^^ 
day of July last past at Mr English his house He [?], Anthony 
Asson & Mrs Ganye cam.e running upp from ye waterside 
into ye house, & the said Anthonye prayed this deponent to 
goe downe suddenly to ye waterside, for yt Mr Ganeys boy 
named Thomas Canadye was stucke in the mudd & was like 
to be drowned, soe when this deponent came downe he could 
not see any part of the boy above water, then presently >.[rs 
Ganey said to this deponent that ye said Anthony did not 
borrow ye boy of him, neither did he lend him unto him what 
measure can he make unto my husband, & this deponent saved, 
I know not, the next day about ten of o 'clock in ye morning 
this deponent, it being low water went thither & found ye boy 
uppon ye mudd where ye water had ebbed away fro' ye body 
about five strides, then this deponent went & told Mrs Gany, 
who intreated this deponent to goe to Mr English his house & 
and take one of his men to helpe to make a grave & soe to 
bury him, w'ch this deponent did performe. And further this 
deponent sayeth yt when hee tooke upp the body it laye uppon 
ye mudd lyeing over one side & his leggs a little crooked, more- 
over this deponent sayeth yt were [where] he found ye body hee 
thinketh yt ye water is about as deep as his middle, but hee 
thinketh by Mrs Ganye her words unto how yt ye body was 
removed about ten foote fro ' ye place were [where] ye boy was 
drowned: And further this deponent sayeth yt he could not 
perceive yt ye said Anthony Asson had walked or gone into ye 
water to save the boy 

It is the opinion of the main part of the table [court] that 
Anthony Asson shall pay for his offence in sending a boy nam.ed 
Thomas Canadye over a creeke at Keconghton uppon Mr 
Gainy's land to fetch his Canoe on the other side whereby the 
said boy was drowTied, viz: one hundred weight of tobacco to 
Mr Wm Gainy who had hyred ye boy for yt yeare & two 
hundred waight more to Mr Humphrey Rastell whose ser\'ant 


he was; for that it appeareth that he ye said Anthony might 
w'thout doubt have saved the boy by wading a little into ye 
water, & for yt he had not asked leave of anyone to have the 
said boy to fetch his Canoe 

finis Curiae 

[55 is not among transcripts it is probable that the order of 
the court, preceding, was p. 55J 


A Court at James Citty, the 3P* of October 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley knt., Governor &c. Doctor Pott, Capt. 
Smyth & Mr Will'm Clayboume. 

1. Robert Scotchmore (8) swome & Examined sayeth yt the 
will produced in Court was the will of Mr Ellis Emerson, 
deceased, & the said Mr Emerson was then in perfect memorye 
& delivered ye same. 

Jonas Stockden, minister, swome & examined sayeth yt ye 
will produced in court by Thomas Dunthome was the will of 
Elizabeth Dunthome, deceased, & yt she was in perfect mem- 
orye & delivered ye same as her act & deed. 


A Court at James Cittye the 6*^ day of November 1626, present, 
S'r George Yardley, Knt., Govemor &c, Doctor Pott, Capt. 
Smyth & Mr Claybourne 

1. Whereas Henry Gainye hath formerly by an order of 

Court bene amerced & condemned to paye 300 li. of Tobacco 

for an offence commited by him in trading for come contrary 

to a proclamation in yt case p 'vided it is thought fitt in regard 

of divers considerations & ye porre estate of ye sd Henry 

Gainye yt there shalbe 200 li. of ye said tobacco remitted & 

released unto ye said [p. 37] Henery & that he shall likewise 

have a discharge & release fro' ye bond of his good behaviour 

for that offen se & trespass commityed. 

(8) In 1624-5, Robert Scotchmore, who came in the George, in 1623 
and three of his servants, are entered as living at the Main, near James- 
town; but soon afterwards they removed to Martins Hundred. Ellis 
Emmerson, Ann his wife, and Thomas son, aged 11, lived at Martins 
Hundred 1624-5. 



Thomas Bransby y»wome and examined sayeth yt wheras the 
one & twentyeth of August last past Thomas ffarley was 
amerced & fined for his offence in being absent fro' Church 
in ye some If one hundred waight or Tobacco, yt there after 
his coming home in ye Evening hee sayed yt at ye Court they 
have taken one hundred waight of Tobacco from me I think 
that in that nat\;re they had as good have taken so much out 
of my pocket or purse hee knoweth not w'ch he spoke. 


A Court at James Cittye 13*^ of Novemb. 1626, p'sent S'r 
-George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c. Doctor Pott, Capt. 
Smyth, Capt. Mathews, & Mr Clayboume 

1. Elias Longe sworne & examined sayeth yt about ye latter 
end of Julye last past he was present when John Parsons, 
now deceased, being then sick, but in perfect mind & m.emorye, 
made his will by worde of mouth in manner following, viz: 
hee gave to Barbary ye wife of Ismael Hill his bedding & a 
barren of come, to Mr Rookins his shirt & a pair of garters, 
as for all the rest of his estate & croppe yt was left he gave 
them unto his mate Willi 'm Pilkinton 

2. It is ordered yt Willi 'm Pilkinton tenant shall have a 
letter of administration granted him uppon ye goods of John 
Parsons, deceased, & that hee shall deliver in an Inventor}^ of 
ye goods of ye said John Parsons & ye sam.e to be praised uppon 
the oaths of two suffient men. 

3. Uppon the request of Mr Hugh Crowder, planter, yt by 
reason of the barrenes of the ground whereon he now liveth 
belonginge to Capt. John Hudleston, he desireth to rem.ove & 
plant uppon the grotmd of Capt. ffrancis West at Chapoocks 
Creek, The Court hath given leave & permission for hmi & 
his Company liveing w'th him so to doe 

(To be contimied) 




(From his letter book in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 



Virg'a 19*^ of July 1690 

This accompany s Rudds by v/hom have Sent you 100 H^: 

Tobo I would willingly have Sent twice or thrice as much, but 

have been Strangely prevented, depending on those ships that 

were concerned in the Country would have come or those Gen* 

that Sent them otherway 's would have secured Some fraight for 

us, this mxade mee neglect the first part of y^ year when Some 

fraight might been had or ships at least from Boston, York, or. 

Phildelphia, but twas convenient to keep us in the Darke. 

You are pleased to Say you wrote Severall times, but twas as 

Seldom. & iincertain as might bee. Tatnall (you Say) promised 

ye Virg 'a Owners of y^ ship Samll fraight in y« first place, but 

hee Saith you would take no fraight nor ever Spoke to him 

about itt, & utterly refuses to take any Goods unless they goe 

consigned to the owners of his Ship. You tooke fraight on 

board Smith in y^ Diamond, (though hee came to y*^ upper 

parts of James River) & his day 's were out ere hee could hear 

any body to demand itt, & orderd Bradly & Bray to dispose to 

any of yo^ Sweetscented(l) friends, the Aronoca Ones were 

not worthy yo"" notice. , 

(1) From the point of view of a dealer in tobacco, Virginia was di- 
vided into two sections according to the kind grown, whether Sweet 
Scented, or Orinoco. This letter gives a good idea of the many difficul- 
ties a colonist had to iindergo in trading with the mother country, or 
rather with some of the merchants. 



It is a little unkind to detain all our Acco*^ wee are Sensible 
what time there was from Ordering, y^* * * * nay from y® 
greatest part being in downes ere y® Bengali or the diamond 
came downe, and wee have shrewd Reasons to believe our 
Tobo was Sold long enough before. 

But to wave all this, though you ought to give y^ Loosers 
leave to Speake, I have 48 H'^^ of Tobo on board this ship 
more y'n y^ 100 consign 'd to you, w:^ belong to a Charter party 
of m'"^ Perry & Lanes & goes to them, So you must agree itt 
as well as you can 

ffor y'^ Samll wee have wrote to you a Gen '11 letter, & wish 
you would either buy or Sell, that wee might know what wee 
have to doe 

I would willingly have Sent you Some Skins & fures, but had 
not interest to gett fraight for Six Old Emberly (as well as 
y*' rest) denying itt 

Bradly must Send with this River & hee hath p 'tly promised 
mee to take them in, w :^ itt may hee may doe if hee doth not 
forgett itt 

The Goods I rec^ all but (thinke you were much abused by 
Some of y ^ blades you dealt w :^ last year) a parcell of norebone 
Lace, w by no means can bee attained nor heard of, itt comes 
just to £2 10-01 & note, but know not who bought of * * * * * 

Lardner w :^ his Small ware in Some things charges att Least 
20 ^ C* more than others, wch is alltogether insufferable, & 
indeed I may Sa}^ generall}^ yoy buy considerably dearer than 
other people. 

I am Sorry wee have occasion to Say though you buy dear, 
yet you don't Sell So, as Witness all our Tob'o, & Ime Sure 
my Bever was better then Some Sold for 18d & 2s in y^ pound 

Notwithstanding all w & whats y^ worst that I cannot See 
my Acco* I have ventured to Send my Invoice for next year, 
but not being able to guess how affairs may Stand I desire you 
rather then I might remain much in Debt, that you would abate 
Somewhat, though I hope if this Tob'o gets home cS: skins 
&c ' I designe by Bradly, there may bee no great danger of itt. 



I have inclosed a note allso for Some things for my Selfe, 
wch I hope you will packe by them selves, & tho I desired ye 
Same last year, yett wee were att a considerable trouble for 
want of So doeing, besides y^ Hazard of transporting goods to 

I have not yet sent for any wine for (tho I have been a good 
customer to y^ Choice Lad) I find much better wine from other 
people then from him, & hee charges as high as any body else. 
I hope you will take nothing herein unkindly for its not 
my owne Sence alone, but I find most y* one concern 'd w**" 
you in this River, are making daily complaints, but if you reckon 
them more trouble y'n benefit they may otherwise dispose of 
their concerns, if yo'u would let y'm know so much. 

I have orderd my Son for London & hope you will bee kind 
to him as occasion offers, w'n you see see him give him my 
blessing as allso to y« Girls; w*^ my most Humble Service to 
m" North & all yo'' little ones. 

Wee Spent yo"" kind token w*^ chearfullness but E. H. (whither 
hee follows T. S. or no I know not) was not there. I 
suppose they designe you a retume herewith or by Bradly. 

Please to give my Humble Service to our friends, &accept the 
Same your selfe from 


Yo"" Humble Serv* 

To m^ North & Ruds 

To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a July y« 21*^ 1690 


This I hope will come safe to yoiir Hands by Cap* Morgan 
w*^ 201 H^^ Tob 'o & 4 of skins & ifurres, the Invoice of ye latter 
inclosed, as allso ye Bill of Lading for y^ Tob'o. I wrote to 
you two days Since att large by Ruddes, & Sent a Duplicate 
thereof by ye James, & have little now to adde, I wish all 



Safe to you, & could have been extreamly Satisfied had I 
obtained but a reasonable p 'portion of ffraight amongst others, 
for (notwithstanding I have Sold above 100 H^^ here) I want 
fraight for 200 more, but its not impossible but I ma}^ find an 
Oppertunity yett to Ship the best of them, for receiving them 
lately, I find much very bad, as I doubt you'l doe att London, 
where if ever Tob'o were worth anything itt must now, for I 
belive (if all y® Ships gett well home w :^ God Send they may) 
vou will not find any Quantity to answer the m^'kett & most 
of that wretched Stuff. 

Inclosed is an Invoice for Goods next year, w :^ if things doe 
not answer I would not have you Send above halfe what Sent 
for, excepting Clothing, tools & necessarys for my family. 

I am prety well Stockd w*^ Indian Goods, but find a dull trade 
of itt here, little Bever & Skins to bee had, the Indians att War 
w*'^ each other, & troubles on all hands. 

Pray lett mee have all cut Smoothd plains hereafter for they 
are best liked of. 

It Seems very feasible to mee, to hire Small ships in y^ West 
country (I doubt not but under London ftreight) & to Send 
y'm early hither, where wee could dispatch them, & having a 
Winter Passage may bee as Safe as under a Convoy, I hope if 
you will not take that course, others will, that wee may not 
ever bee instanced as wee are to, Lade the ships when Tob 'o is 
worth nothing, but when theres any Hopes of profitt, then wee 
must bee last Served & take itt as a great favC" if wee may 
have a little after y« Owners, Master & Sailors are Ser\'ed, but 
enough of this, I v/ish itt may leame us more witt. 

I rec^i a Small box of Cut Tob'o(2) ^ Cap ^Morgan, its not 
mention'd I retume whomever Sent itt my hearty thanks for 
it was very acceptable. 

Pray m.y blessing to y° Children ab* whom I have wrote ^ 
Ruddes & y° JamiCS my Service to all friends I remain 


Yo' Htunble Sen.^^ 
W B 

To P. L. ^ Morgan 

(2) "Cut tobacco" probably was tobacco prepared for smoking. 



To Mr. Methwold 

Virg'a July y« 25*^ 1690 

Hon^ S'- 

Ivec^ ye favo^ of 3^ours if 24 of Xb"^ & wish I might any 
way bee capable of Serveing you a p'son to whom I have So 
great obligations. 

Last fall I saved all y« Stones & Seeds you desired, but lying 
So long in y« Countr}^ & indeed there was not that care taken 
as ought, I being abroad most of this Spring &, that 
coming now to examine them, I find most of them perished & 
the Stones (that y« Rats have left in y^ Caske are Quite dry) 
wormes & vermin having destroyed most of y^ other, these few 
that appear best I have herewith Sent Viz*. Pappas Arbor; 
Rhus Lentiser folus Sassafras & y^ Laurus Tulep-fera, wc^ 
are in a Small box put on board Ruddes, directed for your selfe 
to bee left att m'" Lees 

I will indeavo"^ to Save all y^ rest next fall, but fear if I gett 
not a winter Passage for them, most of them Spoil 

In the Sam.e Box I have Sent you an acco* of a Pretended 
mine open'd here last Winter, Some thinking all had been gold 
that glister 'd talk'd high, whilst others unwilling to put th^m 
out of their golden Dreams, assisted to carry on the designe, 
hoping Something usefull might there bee found, An Acco* of 
ye Pit is in a pc of paper in y^ Box, w*^ Samples of whatever 
itt affords. 

I desire you to shew itt my L^ Effingham when hee is att 
Leasure I would not presum^e to trouble his L^ship w*^ itt. 
I would request you allso to shew itt to m^ Charles Howard, or 
Some of your Virtuosi, that I might have their opinion therein : 

Now Hon^ S^ I must humbly beg your pardon for this trouble 
in the last affair, & hope yo"" goodness will excuse 

Please to doe mee the Hon"" as to give my humble Service to 
yo^ Lady, & accept the Same Hon^ S"" from 

Yo^ most oblidged humble Serv* 
W B 

To m'' Methwold ^ Ruddes 




Virg'a July 28 1690 

I rec^ yo'"^ by Bradly ab* 2 months Since & immediately 
wrote to one of my Acquanitance in those p'ts to inquire w* 
was become of y® Land, who were y'^ p'sent possessors of itt, 
& to Send mee an Acco* of the Value, in answer to w:^ I rec'^ 
last weeke the inclosed, by w :^ you may understand fully how 
the case Stands, I doubt not but to bee better Satisfyed in 
Octob^ I suppose there may bee Some what had for y^ poor 
people but I fear ( if what m"^ Thruston writes bee truth) not 
much. I shall indeavour w* I may in itt: or w* else I can Serve 
you please freely to Comand. 

(My Service to all friends & accept y^ Same yo^ selfe from) 

S"- Yo^ Himible Serv* 


To John Povey (3) 

I rec the favo^ of 3 frm you this year & must ever acknow- 
ledge my Selfe oblidged to m'' Blathwayt & yo^selfe, for your 
assistance in my Affairs especially in m^ Aylways buisiness, 
I have Severall times given order to m'"" Perry & Lane to 
indearo^ to purchase him out, & doubt not but w*^ yo"" assisrance 
& direction itt might bee Safely done (if hee will Sell) without 
incurring y^ Penalty of any Statute against buying of Offices 

The Gov^ & Councell here have appointed m^ Secretary 
Cole in their name to write to y^ L^^ of y^ Committee for Plant- 
ations, my L^ Shrewsbury & my L^ Effingham to address their 
Majistys that no p'son hold any Office here, but Such as 
actually inhabit y^ Country, a Copy of w> Order is inclosed 
to w:^ I refer you. 

Inclosed is a letter fo-- Col'o Ludwell to m^ Aylway by wc^ 

you may see wha t hee then intended & may bee reall Still for 

(3) John Povey, Clerk of the Privy Council. Col. Ludwell was Philip 
Ludwell, Sr. and his son-in-law. Daniel Parke, Jr. Col. Bacon was 
Nathaniel Bacon, Sr., then President of the Council, and acting Governor. 



ought I know, but two days Since I understand from himselfe 
that hee & his Son in Law Parke designe for Engl^, whither 
either of y 'm have any designe y* way or not I know not 

My Acco*^ will come herewith as allso Duplicates of Last 
years, I have got most of ye War*^ indorsed w:^ I suppose may 
bee Sufficient, & hope its not expected my L^ EfSngham nor 
those in Engl'^ could give rec*% the L* Gov^ Saith hee need not, 
Since hee Signes ye War* I had been more carefull but CoI'd 
Bacon, hee onely used to returne ye War*^ & never found any 
Stop : Its customary here to transfer War^^ fro ' one to another 
& they past Current tor m.oney or paymxCnt of Debts. 

In y® Q* Rents you will find Lower Norfolke 2 years & one of 
Northampton Sold att 3 & ^ I hope y« Order of Councell 
here, will give Satisfaction therein 

I have discoursed Col 'o Bacon ab* y^ Ball, of his Acco* but hee 
denyeth itt affirmeing he hath pd my L^ Effingham a great 
part of itt, & hath other charges to come in allso that hee 
designes to Acco* to y^ tresury himselfe 

I have rec'^ £ 10:15 of m"" Secretary Cole on yo'' Acco* w:^ 
w*^ £?0 more (of w:^ I beg your acceptance you will receive) 
by a bill of Exge inclosed as allso one more for yo^ Salary this 
last year 

I earnestly beg yo^ favourable assistance in purchaseing m'" 
Aylway out that I might bee att ease in my Ipace, wherein no 
man shall more faithfully Serve their Majesty 's & on all 
Occasions ever acknowledge himselfe in all truth 


Yo^ most Oblidged Humble Serv* 


Virg 'a July 30*^ 1690 Duplicate 
To Jn'o Povey Esq"" 1 ^ y^ Comadore 

1 ^ Morgan 

To Lord Effingham 

My Ld 

I rec^ y^ Hono*" of severall from yo^ Excellency this year, & 
could have wished I had been more capeable of Serveing yo"" 
L*^ ship here then I am, that I might in some sense acknowledged 
my gratitude where I am So much Oblidged 



Inclosed your ship will receive your Acco* w*^ Ex^ on 
mess" Perry & Lane for your Exlncys dues till Midsummer, 
though there hapned Some Odd days between your Exlncy, 
ye L* Gov' & the P'sident yet I dare Say yo^ I/ship hath your 
full Due 

What money I have rec^ of y^ respective Collecto" I have 
given yo^ L^ship Creditt for, but m"" President Bacon producing 
m'" Blathwayts letter that hee was to have 34 part of the per- 
quisites, they have allowed him those of the Ships. I rec^ 
Col'o Lees but Last night, but have brought itt to yo^ L^ships 
Acco* Yo^ Exlncy will find by my Acco* the Least Auditt as 
hath been knowne, many ships not being clear 'd & had I staid 
for them, itt had been impossible for mee to transmitt my 
Acco*^ till the ffall. 

The L* Govern'" & Councell thought itt most convenient to 
make up yo"^ Exlncys Acco* till Midsumer & that then I might 
Send yo"^ Salary by Quarterly payments, & its hoped 
more money will come in by Octob"" Court, when (God willing) 
I intend to procure the L* Govern" Order for y^ first Quarter 

The H^^' for y^ Q* rents I have answered as formerly yo^ 
Exlncy 's Order for Tob'o not arriveing till Late, when none 
that was Good was to bee had, nor fraight on any Acco^ I 
have answer 'd for Henrico, Charles City, & Surry, Col'o Lear 
for Nanzimond, & Col'o Jenifer for Accomacke, m/ President 
had New Kent, Yorke, James City, Isle of Wright, Lower 
Norfolke both years & Northampton, I suppose hee u'ill 
answer for them to Yo'' Exlncy, or if hee doth to miee, I will 
Acco* for them, m^ Wormeley had Rapahanocke & ]\iiddlesex, 
& Col'o Lightfoot Gloucester, I suppose they will answer, Col'o 
Cole hath answered for Elizabeth City & Warwicke; fi'or Ordin- 
ance's (4) wee have none in our County, m"" Cocke having left 
of these two years, Marriages ^c^^ I svippose Col Cole will give 
yo^ L^ship a full Acco* Yo^ L^ship will find I have charged 
the revenue wi^ £-170:3:1 on the Acco* of y^ Beptford Ketch 
w:'^ was by Order of ye presidt & Councell, I have writ to y^ 
Com--^ if y^ & charged ye Same on y 'm w:'^ if p^ I shall give 
y^ Revenue Credit for y*^ Sam e 

(4) Cocke's ordinary had been at the county seat, Varina. This 
lack of any tavern in Henrico did not continue long. 



I retume yo^ Exlncy my htimble & hearty thankes for yo'" 
Extraordinary kindness in m"^ Aylways affair, and beg the 
Continuance of yo'' L^^ships favo^ therein. Col'o Ludwell not 
long since promised to quit his pretensions & gave mee a 
letter for m'' Aylway to y* purpose, but two days Since hee 
acquainted mee hee designed for England, on what Occasion 
I know nott, I have wrote to m^ Perry to buy m^ Ayleway out, 
& desired m"^ Povey's assistance herein, as I allso earnestly 
beg yo^ Excellencey, who will receive a letter fro' m^ Secretary 
Cole on behalf e of this Government, to supplicate their Maj- 
istys no p'sons may injoy Offices, a place of trust, but vSuch as 
shall bee inhabitants of the Country a^ w:^ I hope yo^ Exlncy 
will promote. 

There hath been some dispute ab* yo^ Exlncy 's House rent 
when the year expires; by a Copy of Col'o Bacon last Acco* 
(sent mee by m^ Povey) its S^ to end y« 21*^ of Jtme, but by 
yo'^ Exlncys War* to mxe last year its S^^ to end y^ 25*^ of March 
as allso this year I have just menconed it to m"- Blathwayt who 
will know y^ certainty thereof by former Acco*" 

I himibly beg yo^ Exlncys pardon for this Rambling letter 
being in a Hurry to dispatch my Acco*^ (by the Comadore) 
but no buisiness shall ever hinder mee from being w*^ all Sin- 


Yo^ Exlncy 's most Oblidged Humble Serv* 

W B 

30*^ July 1690 

To my Effingham Duphcate 1 ^ Comadore 

1 ^ Morgan. 

To Mr. Blathwait (5) 

Hon^i gr 

This serves to Accompany my acco*" & tho the Audit was 
appointe d y^ 24*^ instant, the fleet designeing to Sail y^ 4*^^ of 

(5) William Blathwayt, Auditor General of the American Colonies, 
and Secretary of the Board of Trade and Plantations. 



next moneth, yett many ships have not yett cleared, wc^ is the 
Occasion their Majestys Revenue is this year So low. 

I have pd & discharged the Gov'"'* & L* Govern" claims till 
ye 24 June last, & all others for this last year, as allso £-170:03: 
01 on y^' Acco* of y^ Deptford Ketch, by Order of ye President 
& Councell here, I have charged by Exge the Sum on y^ R* 
Hon'bl'-' Com'"'* of his Majestys Navy, wc^' if paid I must give 
Credit to their Maty'^Re venue here for ye Same, I have Sent 
Duplicates of y° Acco*'' fec"^ According to ye s"^ Order 

Upon peruseall of a Copy of Col'o Bacons Last Acco* (sent 
mee by m'" Povey) I find his Exlncy's House rent is S^ there to 
end y^ 26*^ of June, but by the War*^ to mee both last year & 
this is s^ to end y*" 25*^' of March, where the mistake is I know.... 
not but itt may bee rectify ed w*^^ you, who have all the former 

In this Acco* of Quitrents you will find Lower Norfolke 2 
years & Northampton one. Sold at 3 ^ C*, I could find no p'son 
would take them, but m'" President who offerd that price, I 
therefore acquainted their Maty^ L* Gov"" & Councell who 
thereupon made the Order Sent herew*^ Since my making up 
that Acco* I have received £-13:06:08 of Col'o Ludwell & 2 
years L* rents of y^ Northern necke granted to my L^ Culpeper 

I had Severall Small bills for Composition of Eocheats, but 
cannot yet gett anything considerable in, but (God willing) 
all I can gett shall bee brought to next years Acco* as allso 
Some Small fines w^:^ yet Stand out. 

I shall allways indeavour to the utmost of my power faith- 
fully to Serve their Maty^ interest, & as far as in mee Lyes pro- 
mote y^ Same, & on all Occasions Remain 

Horn' S^ 

Yo"" most Humble & Obedient Ser\^* 


Virg'a July y" 30^^^ 1690 
To m"" Blathwait 
Duplicate Ipr Comadore & 
1 pr Morgan 



This onely accompany 's y« Duplicate of my Last years 
Acco*^ w*^ y^ receipts & indorsments, w:^ w*^ Some trouble 
I have obtained, but Understanding the other p*^ is come to 
Hand shall not give you farther trouble, but for y^ future shall 
indeavo-- to bee m^ore punctuall, & w**^ all fidelity to discharge 
the trust reposed in mee 
And for ever Remain 


Yo'" most Obedient Humble Serv* 


50*^ July 1690 
To m^ Blathwayt 
1 pr Conadore & y^ 
Other ^ Cap* Morgan 

To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a July y« 51*^ 1690 


This onely accompanys the Com.adore w*^ bills of Ex^: for 
£ 1966:19:04:3/^ the 2^ I designe (God willing) ^ Morgan, & 
is to Acquaint you that I have drawne Severall bills on you 
hemnder menconed w:^ I hope you will hono'" allso take care 
to deliver y« inclosed According to directions, and vSend those 
few things in y« inclosed note to m"^ Gauler, allso some wyne 

I have Sent for, for y« Councell, wherein I desire you to take 
Col'o Ludwells Advice who hath promised all care shall bee 
taken therein, I shall Suddenly write again by Cap* Smith who 
takes mee in a little Tobacco &c. In y« mean time w*^ best 
respects & Service to all where dv e I remain 


Yo'" Humble Serv* 

To P. L. ^ Comadore 



To Mr. Hutchinson (6) in New England 

Virg'a August 1690 

I have given you the trouble of 2 this sumer allready, & this 
now conies to cover the inclosed bill of Exce wc^ would desire 
you (if you receive itt) to retume in any Comoditys that may 
best Suit this Country (fish excepted) Muscovado Sug'" (if 
cheap & good) is now wanted, Good Madera wine or Rum wc^ 
may bee cheapest w*^ you, Some turnery especiall a few of 
yo"" Sieves to clean Wheat, or w* else you find most suitable; 
I onely desire you would Oblidge whoever you Send yo"" goods 
by, to deliver up James River as high as Westopher, w:*" is 
ab* two miles above where the Great Ships ride 

I wrote to you by my former (if possible) to procure a ship 
or two for London, ffraight continueing yett very Scarce, if 
you could Send them in early att the ffall the Sooner the better, 
they may make their owne termes; I would \^dllingly ingage 
for a whole Ship nay two or 3 not exceeding 150 Tun each att 
£-10:00:00, I desire (as soon as may bee) you would lett mee 
have a few Lines from you, by w:^ I might understand whither 
any hopes you way or not; Shall not farther trouble you att 
present but w*'' best respects take Leave, I am 

Worthy S^ 
Yo'" Humble Ser\^* 

To m^ Hutchinson in 
New England 

To Mr. Harfur 

Virg'a August y^ 1^ 1690 

I am very Sorry I cannot give you a better Acco* of yC" 

buisness, I have wrote to Littl eton who refers itt Col 'o Custis 

(G) This was doubtless a member of the family from which later came 
General Thomas Hutchinson. 



& hee will bee att no Certainty, pretending hee will ingage for 
Tob'o att^4 ^ C* as far as the Judgement goes & no farther 
& that on no other tearmes then as Littleton can pay itt, 
by w:^ means you will bee as far to Seeke as ever, not knov/ing 
how to Secure fraight for any Quantity certain; this Bearer 
Sheerwood hath been Attorney in ye cause, & hath had 
£5 of mee allready, hee can fully informe you. 

If Col'o Custis would really indearo"" itt yo"^ business might 
come to some good end, hee being Littletons Neighbo^ & desir- 
ous of Some of his Land might Seave you & himsefe; for my 
Share, I have been £7 & a H^^ Tob'o out allready, & am Loth 
to put you to farther Charge; to renew the Judgem* & put him 
in prison I fear would avail little; I hope you will excuse my 
failure, Since I have done w* in mee Lyes, & if you advise any 
thing more I shall bee ready to Serve you & Remain 

Yo^ frd & Serv* 

To m^ Harpur 

^ Will Sheerwood 

(To be Continued) 




(Abstracts by W. N. Sainsbury, and Copies in the McDonald 
and De Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 

Commission To Lord Culpeper, Governor Of Virginia. 


To estab- 
lish Courts 
of Judica- 
ture with 
advice of the 
Council and 
to appoint fit 
persons to 
the Oths of 
& Supremacy 
to such as are 
to take the 

To appoint 

Justices of 
the Peace 
Sheriffs & 
and to 
the usual 
oaths to 

17. And Wee do hereby give and grant 
unto you full power and authority with the 
advice and consent of the said Council to 
erect constitute and establish such and soe 
many Courts of Judicature and Publick 
Justice within Our said Colony and the Ter- 
ritories under your Government as you and 
they shall think fit and necessary for the 
hearing and determining of all causes as well 
Criminal as Civil according to Law and 
Equity and for awarding of Execution ther- 
upon with all reasonable and necessary 
Powers, Authorities, Fees and Privileges 
belonging unto them as also to appoint and 
Commissionate fit persons in the several 
parts of Our said Colonic to adminster the 
Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy unto 
such as shall be obliged to take the same. 

18. And we do hereby grant unto you 
ftdl power and Authority to constitute and 
appoint Judges and in cases requisite Com- 
missioners of Oyer and Terminer Justices of 
the Peace Sheriffs and other necessary Offi- 
cers and Ministers within Our said Colonic 
for the better administration of Justice and 
putting the Laws in excution. And to ad- 
minister such Oath and Oaths as are usualy 
given for the due execution and performance 
of Offices and places and for the cleamig of 
truth in Judicial Causes. 



To pardon 19. And Wee do hereby give and grant 

offences unto you full power and authority where 
fines & you shall see cause and shall judge any 

forfeitures offender or offenders in capital and criminial 
Treason matters or for any Fines or forfeitures due 
and wilfull unto Us fit objects of Our mercy to pardon 
Murder and remit all such offenders, fines or forfei- 
excepted. tures Treason and Wilful Murder only ex- 
cepted, in which cases you shall likewise have 
power (or in your absence Our Lieutenant or 
Deputy Governor) upon extraord'ry occasions 
to grant Reprieves to the offenders therein 
until and to the intent Our pleasure may be 
further known. 

20. And Wee do by these presents give 
and grant unto you full power and authority 
to collate any person or persons to any 
Chuches, Chappels or other Ecclesiastical 
Benefices within Our said Colonic as often 
as they shall happen to bee void. 

21. And Wee do hereby give and grant 
unto you the said Thomas Lord Culpeper by 
Yourselfe your Captains and Commanders 
by you to bee authorized full power and 
Authority to Levy Arm Muster Command 
or employ all persons whatsoever residing 
within Our said Coloine and Dominion of 
Virginia and as occasion shall serve them to 
transfer them from one place to another for 
the resisting and withstanding of all Enemys, 
Pyrats and Rebells both at Land and Sea 
and to transport such forces to any of our 
Plantations in America as occasion shall 
require for the defence of the same against 

Topursue the Invasion or attempts of our Enemies, 

the Enemy 22. And them if occasion shall require 
out of the to pursue and prosecute in or out of the 
bounds of limits of Our r-aid Colonic and Plantortions 
th e Colonic. or any of the. 

To Collate 
to Bene- 

To levy 
& muster 
the Inhat- 
itants and 
them to 
any other 



To treat 
prisoners of 
Warr accord- 
ing to the 
Law of Arms. 
To execute 
Martial Law 
in time of 
Warr with all 
to a Capt'n 
To build 
Forts &c. 

With advice 
of the Cormcil 
to fortify and 
provide them 
with Stores. 

To exercise 
the Office 
of Vice 
to Instrvic- 
tions from 
the Lord 

23. And if it shall please God, them to 
vanquish apprehend and take and being 
taken, either according to the Law of arms 
to put to death or keep and preserve alive 
at your discretion. 

24. And to excute Martial Law in time 
of Invasion, Insurrection or Warr and during 
the Continuance of the same. And to do 
and execute all and every other thing which 
to a Captain General doth or ought of might 
to belong, as fully and amply as any of Our 
Captain General doth or hath usualy done. 

25. AndWee do hereby give and grant 
unto you full power and Authority by and 
with the advice and consent of the said 
Cormcil to erect, raise and build within 
Our Colonic and Dominion aforesaid such 
and soe many Forts, Platforms, Castles, 
Citties, Boroughs, Towns and Fortifications 
as by the advice aforesaid, shall be judged 

26. And the same or any of them to 
fortify and furnish with Ordnance Ammuin- 
tion and all sorts of ArmiS fit and necessary 
for the security and defence of Our said 
Plantation. And by the Advice aforesaid 

the same again or any of them to demolish 
or dismantle as may bee most convenient. 

27. And you are to exercise all Powers 
belonging to the place and Office of Vice 
Admiral of and in all the Seas and C asts 
about Yo^ Goverm.en' according to such 
Commission, Authority and Instructions 
as you have or shall receive from Our 
Dearest Brother James Duke of York Our 
High Admiral of our Foreign Plantations 
or from Our High Admiral or Commissioners 
for executing the Office of Lord High Ad- 
miral of our Foreigne Plantations for the 
time bein.r. 



All pub- 28. And Our further Will and Pleasure 

lie money is that all Publick Moneys raised or to be 
to be issued raised within Our said Colonie and Dom- 
by Warrant inion bee issued out by Warrant from you 
from the (or any other person in your absence Com- 

Gov"* with missionated by Us to be Commander in 
advice of the chiefe) and disposed of by you or such Gov- 

Cormcil emor in Chief for the support of the Gov- 


Power to 29. And Wee doe likewise give and 

dispose of grant unto you full power and authority by 
Lands upon and with the advice and consent of the said 
Suit-rents Council to settle and agree with the Planters 
to pass and Inhabitants of the said Colony and 
under the Dominion of Virginia concerning such Lands 
Public Tenaments and Hereditaments as now are 

Seal. or hereafter shall bee in your power to dis- 

pose and them to grant to any person or 
persons for such terms and under such 
moderate Quit Rents, Services and Acknowl- 
edgem.ents to bee thereupon reserved unto 
Us as you (by and with the advice aforesaid) 
shall think fit. Which said Grants are to 
pass and bee Sealed by the Publick Seale of 
Virginia and (being entered upon Record by 
such Ofacer and Officers as you shall appoint 
thereunto) shall be good and effectual in 
Law against Us, Our Heirs & Successors. 
To Appoint 30. And Wee give you full power to ap- 
Fairs, Mar- point Fairs, Marts and Markets according 
kets &c. as you with the advice of the said Council 
shall think fit. 

To appoint 31. And We do hereby grant unto you 

Ports, Har- full power and Authority to order and ap- 
bors &c. wt^ point within Our said Colonie such and soe 
Officers many Ports, Harbours, Bays, Havens and 

relating other places for y® convenience and security 

thereunto. of Shipping and for the better loading and 



unloading of Goods and Merchandizes in 
such and soe many places as by you with the 
advice and consent of the said Council shall 
bee thought fit and convenient. And in 
them or any of them to erect nominate and 
appoint Custom-houses Warehouses and Offi- 
cers relating thereunto, and them to alter, 
change, place or displace from time to time 
as with the advice aforsaid shall bee thought 

Not to dispose 32. And Our further Will and Pleasure 
of any Office is that you shall not at any time hereafter 
now disposed by Colour of any power or authority hereby 
of under the granted or mentioned to bee granted take 
Great Scale of upon you to give, grant or dispose of any 
England fur- Office or Place within Our said Plantation 
ther them to of Virginia, which now are granted by us 
put in a person under the Great Scale of England, any further 
to officiate than that you may upon the vacancy of any 

during a such Office, put in any person to officiate in 

vacancy till the intervall till the said place be disposed 
the place be of by Us Our Heirs or Successors imder the 
disposed of Great Scale of England, 
by the King. 

All Officers 33. And Wee doe herebv require and 

&c. to be command all Offiicers and Ministers Civil 

obedient and Military and all other Inhabitants of 

to Him. Our said Colonic and Dominion to be obed- 

ient ayding and Assisting unto you the said 
Thomas Lord Culpeper in the execution of 
this Our Commission and of the powers and 
Authorities therein contained. And in your 
absence to Our Lieutenant or Deputy Gover- 
nor of Our said Colonic to whom Wee doe 
therefore by these presents give and grant 
during Our pleasure all and singular the 
powers and Authorities hereby granted or 
intended to bee granted granted to you the 



In case of 
his death, 
the Coun- 
cil to exe- 
cute this 
sion and 
y« first 
to preside. 

In case 
of ab- 
the same. 

Nothing herein 
contained to 
Estate for life 
of the said Offi- 
ce granted to 
him by Patent 
dated 8*^ of 
July 1675. 

said Thomas Lord Culpeper to bee by him 
exercised and enjoyed in case of your death 
or absence from that Our Colonic. 

34. And in case you should happen to 
dye and there bee noe other person upon the 
Place Commissionated by Us to bee Com- 
mander in Chief Our Will and Pleasure is 
that the then Present Council of Virginia 
doe take upon them the Administration of 
the Govern* and execute this Com_mission 
and y® several Powers and Authorities herein 
contanied. And that such Counsellor who 
shall bee at the time of your death residing 

within Our Plantation of Virginia and nom- 
inated in Our Instructions, herewith given 
you before any other at that time residing 
there, doe preside in Our said Council with 
such powers and preeminences as any 
former President hath used and enjoyed 
within Our said Colonic, or any other Our 
Plantations in America until Our pleasure 
shall bee further known therein. 

35. And in case you shall bee absent 
from Our said Colonic and there bee noe 
other person upon the place Commissionated 
by Us to bee Commander in Chief, Our Will 
and Pleasure is that the said Council shall 
likewise take upon them the Administration 
of the Goverment in manner aforesaid untill 
you shall arriA^e at our said Plantation or 
untill Our Pleasure shall be known therein. 

36. Provided that nothing herein con- 
tained nor any actings or proceedings here- 
upon shall be construed or taken to prepidice 
shorten or determine the estate for life of the 
said Office granted to you by Our abovesaid 
Letters Patents. 



37. And Wee do hereby further declare 
Our Will and Pleasure to bee that Our Com- 
mission bearing date the Sixth day of 
December 1679, doe from henceforth cease, 
determine and become utterly void. 
And for soe doing this shall bee your Warr- 
ant Given at Our Court at Whitehall the 
■:-7th (^ay of January 1681 in the three and 
and thirtieth yeare of Our Reigne. 

C. R. 

To our Attorney 
Solicitor General. 

By His Ma*'^" Command 
L Jenkins 

In Witness whereof Wee have caused these 
Our Letts to be made Patents, Witness Our 
Selfe at Westm^ y^ 27 day of November in 
34*^ year of Our Reigne. 

By Writ of Privy Scale 

A True Copy. Teste 

J. W. Greenwood. 

His Commis- 
sion dated the 
6th Dec. 1679 
hereby deter- 
27 Jan^y 




(Contributed by Leo Culleton, 92 Picadilly, London, W., and 
the late Lothrop Withington.) 

THOMAS SMITHE of London, Knight. 

Dated 30 Jan. 162L Codicil 4 Sept. 1624. 

Proved 12 Oct.1625. 

To the Master and Wardens of the mistery of Skinners of Lon- 
don, my houses, messuages, landes, tenements and heredita- 
ments scituate neere Paulesgate at the West end of Wathng 
streete in city of London which I purchased of Sir FRANCIS 
TRAPPS BYRNAND, and my messuage in Lyme streete in 
London wherein DE LA NAYE now dwelleth ad- 

joining the house wherein Mr. JOHN CLARKE, Doctor of 
Phisick now dwelleth, they to pay the profits of the same year- 
ly, viz., to the parson and churchwardens of the parish of Bid- 
borrough in co. Kent, for ever, one annuity of £5. 10. 0. they 
to provide weekly six loaves of bread worth 4d the loaf, and to 
give the same every Sabbath day to six poor householders of 
the said parish. The parson. Churchwardens and Parish 
Clark for their pains to retain yerely to the uses following, 
6s; viz., to the parson, 2s. to the eldest churchwarden 2s. 
and to the parish clerk, 2s. 

To the parson and churchwardens of the parish of Tunbridge, 
in CO. Kent an annuity of £10. 8. 0, they to provide weekly 12 
loaves, worth 4d and give the same every Sabbath to 12 house- 

Also, to Spelhurst in co. Kent an annuity of £5. 10 to be dis- 
posed of in bread as formerly set down for the parish of Bid- 

If the said parishes do not faithfully discharge the trust, the 
annuities to cease and be given unto the parishes of Hadlower 
and Lee in co. Kent. 



[To be distributed as above to the following parishes]: Otfor, 
£5. 10. 0; Sutton at Hone, £5. 10. 0; Durrant, £4. 6. 8. 
To the Schoolmaster of the Free School at Tunbridge, for ever, 
£10 yearly and to the Usher of the same, £5 yearly for ever. 
Also towards the maintenance of 6 poor scholars at the Un- 
iversities elected out of the said schoole, threescore pounds. 
As concerning my Manors, messuages, howses, lands, tene- 
ments and hereditaments, one moiety thereof to my wife Dame 
SARA SMITHE, during her life and after her decease to my 
Sonne Sir JOHN SMITHE and to his heirs, the other moiety 
to my said sonne Sir JOHN SMITHE and his heirs, in default 
of issue then as follows: to my nephew, THOMAS SMITHE 
of Ostenhanger, in co. Kent, Esq. sonne and heire of Sir JOHN 
SMITHE, my late brother, deceased, my messuages and lands 
lying in Bidborough, Tunbridge Pentherst and Spelhurst (ex- 
cept my lands in Tunbridge which I purchased of Mr. DYKE) ; 
to my nephew THOMAS SMITHE, sonne to my brother Sir 
RICHARD SMITHE, Knt., to my nephew JOHN SMITH, 
sonne to my late brother ROBERT SMITH, deceased, and to 
my nephew THOMAS FANSHAWE, sonne to my Lady FAN- 
SHAWE, my lands and tenements called Otford Parke (now 
disparked) situate in Otford, Sevenoke and Scale, in co. 
Kent, which I lately purchased of the Earl of LEICESTER, 
to be equally divided amongst them, and their heirs. 
sonnes to my sister URSULA BUTLER" and to my nephew 
Sir ARTHUR HARRIS, sonne to my late sister ALICE 
HARRIS, deceased, my lands and tenements called Cotting- 
ton, situate near Sandwich, co. Kent which I lately purchased 
of WILLIAM RICHARDSON, gentleman, to be equally 
divided amongst them, and their heirs. 

FANSHAW, sonnes to my sister JOANE FANSHAW, my 
lands and tenements, known as Saltangh grange situate in 
Kingingham, in co. York, and those in Halstead, in co. Essex, 
and those in Lewsham, in co. Kent which I purchased of Sir 
NICHOLAS STODDARD, Knight, to be divided between 
and their heirs. 



To St. Bartholomewes Hospital; £40, Christ's Hospital, £20; 
Bridewell Hospital, £20 and St. Thomas Hospital £20. 
To the childem of my sister Mris. JOANE FANSHAWE, £5. 
each. To the Childem of my late sister URSULA BUTLER, 
£5 each. To my sister the Lady FANSHAWE, £20, and to 
each of her children, £5 except her sonne RICHARD to whom 
£10. To the Lady St. LEGER, my goddaughter, £20. 
To the childem of my late sister Lady KATHERINE HAY- 
WARD als SCOTT £5 each. To the childem of my late 
sister the Lady ALICE HARRIS, deceased, £5 each. To 
my two neices, KATHERINE the Lady BAKER and EILZA- 
BETH the Lady NEVELL, daughters of my late brother Sir 
JOHN SMITH, Knt., deceased £50 each. To each of the 
childem of my late brother HENRY SMITH, deceased £5. 
To my brother SIR RICHARD SMITH, £20 and to my 
sister his wife, the Lady SMITH, £10. To Sir JOHN SMITH, 
sonne of the said Sir RICHARD SMITH, £10. To my nephew 
JOHN SMITH, sonne of my late brother ROBERT SMITH, 
deceased, £5. To Sir DAVID WATKINS, £20. To Captain 
Divinity, £5 and to his wife Mris. ALICE WOOD, £5. To 
my friend Sir HUMFREY HANFORD, '5. To my friend 
Mr. EDWARD COOKE, apothecary, 40s. To master VAL- 
of Sutton, 40s and to his wife, 40s. To my friend Sir THOMAS 
ROE, £10. To Mr. ROBERT SYMONDS, dwelling in my 
house, at Bidborough, 40s. To Mr. HUGH WILCOCKE, 
40s. To Mr. THOMAS HICKS, of London, Merchant, £5. 
To Mr. GEORGE STROWD, 40s. To each of the children of 
Mris. vSARA CLARKE, deceased, 30s. To Mr. JOHN WOOD- 
HALL, £10. To the Govemor of the Company of Merchants 
in London trading into East India, £5 and to the then Deputy 
of the said Company, £4 and to the Treasurer, £3, to buy 
them rings. 

and to Mr. JOHN ROBINSON, servants to the said Company 
and to Mris. WALDER, widow, the late wife of Mr. JOHN 



WALDER deceased, also of the said Company, 30s. each for 
rings. To the Muscovia Company, £500, towards the pay- 
ments of such debts as are due by the said company upon the 
old joynt stock wherein I appoint that the poorer sort of the 
debtors as ARTHUR PANTHUR may be first satisfied. 
To the Treasurer, Counsell and Companies for the Plantation 
in Virginia and Somer Islands called the Virginia Companie 
and the Bermudaes Company, £100, to be divided between 
the two Companies towards the buildings of two Churches 
vizt. for each plantacon one. Residuary Legatees: my wife. 
Dame SARA SMITH and my sonne Sir JOHN SMITH. 
Executors: my wife Dame SARA SMITH, my sonne Sir JOHN 
SMITH, my brother Sir RICHARD SMITH and my friends. 



HUMFREY DISON, Not Pub. J Witnesses. 

Codicil 4 Sept. 1624. 

Mr. JOHN LEAVESTON, in plate, £20, Mris. LEAVESTON, 
ARGALL, Mr. JOSIAFFANT in rings 60s each. Mr. SCOTT 
a ring 30s. ARTHUR LEAVET, £20, JOHN CAPPER, 
Mr. ELLIS CRISPE, Doctor DEE, Doctor MEDDUS, Mr. 
ERBUY, Mr. LOTTPEARE in rings, 40s. each. Proved 12 
Oct. 1625 by Dame SARA SMITH, Sir JOHN SMITH, Sir 
named power reserved to NICHOLAS CRISPE, executor 
also 107 Clarke. 

[Sir Thomas Smith, son of Thomas Smith of Ostenhanger, Kent, was 
one of the greatest merchants of his day and a leader in exploration and 



the extension of English commerce. He was born about 1558, was an 
incorporator of the Turkey Company in 1581, "a prmcipal member of 
the Russia Company" 1587, one of Raleigh's assignees of his Virgmia 
interests 1580; an incorporator and first governor of the East India Com- 
pany, ambassador to Russia, 1604, M. P. for Dulwich 1604-1611. For 
the first twelve years of the Virginia Company he was at its head as 
treasurer. He died Sept, 4, 1625, and was buried at Hone Church, 
Kent where a most elaborate tomb was erected over his remains. An 
admirable sketch of the life of Sir Thomas Smith appears in Brown^s 
Genesis of the United States, II, 1012-1018. In considering Smith s 
career as a member of the Virginia Company, the predjudices of ancient 
and modem writers have to be considerced, Alexander Brown as well as 
John Smith. The numerous charitable bequests contained m the will, 
are still administered by the "Skinners Company." . 

Many persons named in the will were associated with Virginia. Brown 
says that Capt. Nathaniel Butler, who excited so much indignation in 
Virginia, by his accounts of the colony, was a half-brother of Sir Oliver 
Butler. Sir Thos. Smiths sister Ursula, who married Simon Harding, 
must have married again and became the mother of Sir Oliver and the 
step-mother of Nathaniel. This connection with the Smith party m the 
Company is worth noting. Sir Arthur Harris, another nephew named, 
was a member of the Virginia Company. Thomas Fanshaw, and hi 
father Sir Henry Fanshaw (Smith's brother-in-law) were members of 
the Company. Lady Kathrine Hay ward was wife of Sir Rowland 
Hay ward, Lord Mayor of London. Her daughter, Mary, married Sir 
Warham St. Leger, of Ulcombe, Kent, and was the mother of Ursula 
St Leger who married Rev. Daniel Horsmanden. She has many de- 
scendants in Virginia. Sir Humphrey Hanford or Hansford, was a mem- 
ber of the Company, as were Sir Thomas Roe, John Woodhall, Sir John 
Merrick, Sir John Wolstenholme, Sir William Russell, Sir Francis Gofton, 
William' Burrell, Samuel Wrote, Richard Edwards, Nathaniel Rich, 
Samuel Argall, Alderman Johnson, and probably others named in the 
will. "Smith's Hundred" a tract of 100,000 acres near the Chickahom- 
iny River (in the present Charles City Co.), was named for Sir Thomas 
Smith, but in 1620, the name was changed to "Southampton Hundred," 
in honor of the Earl of that name. There is no record of how the money 
bequeathed for a church in Virg'n-'a was used.] 

EDWARD PYE CHAMBERLAINE of the Newhouse in the 
County of Hereford, Esq., dated August 6, 1719. proved January 
19, 1727. He held by copies of court roll under the Lord of the 
manor of Kilpeck, Herefordshire, two messuages known as 
Nookes Court ah. Newhouse, and also four parcels of arable 
land and pasture in one of the copies of court roll for the re- 
maining part of the term of years expressed. He had ser- 
rendered the said messuages and lands for his own use during 
his life, and after his death the remainder to such persons and 
for the payment of such sums of money as he should by deed 
or his last will prescribe. He therefore gives his wife Ann all 
the lands &c. and all her other customary and copyhold mes- 



suages &c. in the manor of Kilpeck for her life, and after her 
death to his trusty and well-beloved kinsmen, Willian Jones, 
of Ross, in the County of Hereford, Esq., and James Gomond, 
of Kilpeck the said County, gent, in trust that they should, 
within two years after his wife's death, pay to his daughter 
Mary £600, and the lawfull interest thereof, half yearly, 
in the mean time, and the rest of the rents and profifs for said 
unexpired term of years, with rights of renewal &c. to said 
Jones and Gomond, also in trust for the benefit of his son Thom- 
as Chamberlaine and his heirs forever, with reversion to sons 
Richard and William. Bequeaths all forehold, leasehold &c. 
property in the parishes of St. Weonards, Wellsh Newton, 
Much Dewchurch, and St. Devereux, and in the Parish of 
Gismond in the County of Monmiouth &c. to wife Anne for 
her life and at her death to his children Thomas, William, 
Richard and Mary, in such proportion as she shall by deed or 
will prescribe and failing such dirctions by his wife, to be 
equally divided between the childern named. After debts 
&c. paid, remainder of personal estate to wife Anne. Appoints 
William Gamons, of Trelough in the parish of St. Devereaux 
in the County of Hereford, Esq., and Thomas Witherstone 
of the parish of Bringhill, County of Hereford, gent., trustees 
of his will 

Proved in the Comistory Court of the Diocese of Hereford, at 

[The testator was, of course, the Edward Pye Chamberlayne whose 
children were baptized in the parish of Dewchurch, Herefordshire. 
(See this Magazine XXVI, 146). In the last Magazine some details 
were given in regard to three of his sons. The abstract given above is 
from a copy of the will obtained in England a few years ago by a 
member of the Virginia family, who has kindly allowed its use. This 
descendant visited "Newhouse", Herefordshire, which is now but an 
ordinary farm-house. The inventory made in 1727 of Edward Pye 
Chamberlayne's personal propertv at Newhouse, only amounted to 

EDWARD PYE, of the Island of Barbadoes in the West 
Indies, Merchant, now of the Boyce, in the parish of Dymocke, 
CO., Gloucester. 

Dated 10 Feb. 1690-1. Codicil 22 Sept. 1691. 

Proved 27 Oct. 1693. 



To my kinsman, EDAWARD PYE CHAMERLAINE, late 
of the Island of Barbados, merchant and to ANNE his wife 
and to their heires, all my Estate and Interest I have in or to 
Pentvoyer, parish of St. Waynords co. Hereford, which I pur- 
chased of Mr. HALL, also the new house. Cooks Meadows, the 
Meadows I bought of Mr. HOSKINS, called the Eight acres, 
and my houses and lands in the parish of Grismont, in co. 
and my houses and lands in the parish of Grismont, in co. 
Monmouth, Provided that my niece, ELIZABETH CHAM- 
BERLAINE, mother of the said EDWARD, shall have to 
her owne use the rent of Cookes Meadow yearlie. And 
whereas I granted the Mannor of Dymocke and the Mannor 
of .Boyce and all other m.y lands and tenements within the 
parish of Dymocke, unto RICHARD HOWELL & RICHARD 
GUY, of the City of London, Esqrs.,for 20 years at the yearly 
rent of £140 as in the lease dated 27 Sept. 1688 doth appear. 
I give £60 to my said Niece ELIZABETH CHAMBERLAINE 
and the remainder of the said £140 to her granddaughters 
[not named] 

And whereas I am blessed with an Estate in the West Indies, 
my will is that the said RICHARD GUY, late of the said 
Island, and his heirs, shall enjoy the sam.e, he paying out of the 
first goods and profits the following: to the grand childem of 
EDWARD GUY, late of London, merchant, deceased, £120; 
to St George's Church in Barbados, a piece of plate for Sacra- 
m.ent use, to the value of £20; to EDWARD SKEETE & 
ROBERTA HIS daughter, ten thousand pounds of sugar a 
peice; to the value of four thousand pounds of sugar in rings 
amongst my friends as the said RICHARD GUY shall think 

And whereas I have several Negroes in sorts in Barbados whome 
I called my Merchants I will that they and their children shall 
be dealt with according to the Instructions which I left with 

My Lorship of Dymocke and Mannor of Boyce with all the 
messuages, lands tenements and hereditaments thereunto be- 
longing, after the expiration of the term before granted, to my 
said kinsman, EDWARD PYE CHAMBERLAINE, and to 



his heirs male, in defaiilt of such issue, to the daughters, and 
their heirs, in default of such issue to the said RICHARD 
GUY and his heirs. To JANE BUGG and her three childern, 
and her two children, CHARLES &JANE. £10 each. To 
and his two childern, EDWARD & MARY, £10 each. To 
FRANCIS FREEMAN and his daughter ANNE, £10. To 
MARGARET WORME and her five childern, THOMAS, 
£10 each. To JOHN FREEMAN and his five children, 

Residuary Legatee: RICHARD GUY, late of the Island of 

WALLENGER, merchants. 

HILL, junior; Witnesses. 
Codicil 22 Sept. 1691. 

I inform my Executors, in case I should depart this life before 
the debts due from the Guinny Plantation and Ferdinando 
Gorges be paid it is my will that whereas I have an assignment 
Mr. FRANCIS SONES Mortgage of the Guinny Plantation 
in the Island of Barbados and a Stocke thereon for the payment 
of £1,000 as by the said assignment dated 30 March 1691 that 
the said £1,000 be paid unto my neice ELIZABETH CHAM- 
BERLAINE if then living, in case of her death to her 
granddaughter. And for what shall be due on the said mortgage 
for interest to pay the same unto the daughter or daughters of 
Mr. EDWARD SKEETE of Barbados. And whereas I have 
lent unto Captain FERDINANDO GORGES, £200. I 
ai-ipoint my Executors on receipt of the same to pay it unto 



Mrs. JOANE WHEELER, which I give them for their kind- 
ness to me and my friends, COLLO. RICHARD GUY& Mr. 
Proved 27 Oct. 1693 by the Executors named. 43 Coker. 

[The more information we obtain in regard to the pedigree of this 
family of Chamberlayne, the more the difficulties seem to increase. 
In the first place this will shows that Edward Pye and Edward Pye 
Chamberlayne had both lived in Barbadoes before finally taking up 
residence in England. This makes their original English homes entirely 
uncertain. Edward Pye, born in 1616, could not well have been a native 
of Barbadoes; but if is possible that Edward Pye Chamberlayne was. 
The will also shows that the Edward Pye Chamberlayne, who became 
heir to Dymock about 1727 was not Edward Pye's legatee; but that his 
father, Edward Pye Chamberlayne, the elder, (whose will is printed 
above) was. The younger inherited the estate after his fathers 
death. The will also shows that Edward Pye Chamberlayne, the elder, 
was son of Elizabeth, Edward Pye's neice. This Elizabeth was living 
at the date of the will, Feb. 1690-91. A probable clue to the parentage 
of Edward Pye Chamberlayne, the elder, is Mrs. Mary WaU"of the 
family of Edward Pye, Esq." who was buried at Dymock in 1707. She 
was daughter of Thomas Chamberlayne, of London, Merchant, dead in 
1682, and his wife Elizabeth (living in 1682) ; was bom about 1665 and 
in 1682 v/hen living in St. Giles, Cripplegate, London, married Thomas 
Wall. It seems probable that this Elizabeth, v/ife of Thomas Chamber- 
layne, of London, was the niece of Edward Pye's will and that in this way 
Mrs. Vv^all v/as "of the family" of Edward Pye. The will of Thomas 
Chamberlayne of London, and of his widow, Elizabeth, if they exist, 
would be very helpful in tracing the line. 

As the name Pye came into this Chamberlayne family through Eliza- 
beth, niece of Edward Pye, the testator,, the theory that this line must 
descend from Richard Chamberlayne of Astly and his wife Bridget Pye, 
is not atall necessarily a correct one. Settlement in Dewchurch, near 
the main seat of the Pye family would indicate relationship; but the pedi- 
grees of Pye in Burke's "Commoners", and the "Herald & Genealogist," 
do not name this Edward Pye. It appears about the beginning of the 
seventeenth century to have been a very numerous family. 

Edward Pye was a prominent man in Barbadoes. He was a member 
of the Assembly in 1666. In 1670 he was in London and in that and in 
several succeedihg years as one of the "principal planters" of Barbadoes, 
he was frequently consulted by government as to the affiairs of the 

Abstract of the Will of EDMUND WALLER, Doctor of 
Physic, Senior Fellow of St. John's College, in the University 
of Cambridge. 

Dated 20 NOv. 1745. Codicil 11 Dec. 1745. 

Proved 8 Jan. 1745-6. 

Adm. 29 Jan. 1746-7. 
If I die in Cambridge I desire to be buried there, if at Newport, 



then in the family Vault in the churchyard. To my nephew, 
Mr WILLIAM WALLER, an apothecary, in London and 
second son of the Revd. Mr. WILLIAM WALLER, £300. 
To each of my late brother BENJAMIN'S daughters, MARY 
brother, JOHN WALLER, in Virginia, or if he be dead to be 
divided amongst his children, £100, excepting his eldest son 
JOHN, to whom, £50. £40 to be laid out by my executor 
so that the interest be yearly applied by way of augmentation 
to be a benefaction given somiC tim.e ago for preaching a sermon 
on Good Friday by the Vicar of Newport Pagnel. To my 
sister ELIZABETH WALLER, relict of my late brother, 
BENJAMIN WALLER, £50. To St. John's College, £200, 
also to the said College Library the "Curiosties" of the Bones 
mentioned in Weevers Monumxnts, page 30 together with a 
very antient calendar. To Dr. PHILIP WILLIAMS and the 
Revd. Mr. THOMAS ROWE, 5 guineas each, and to ROBERT 
GREEN, Esq., of Cambridge, my silver cup. 
Residuary Legatee and sole executor :-my nephew, the Revd. 

Codicil 11 Dec. 1745. 

My purse containing all my silverpieces, to my brother, the 
Revd. Mr. WILLIAM WALLER. To Mr. Alderman WHITE, 
a ring. To the Revd. Dr. PRIME, a ring. To Mr. LUNN, 
the Surgeon, a ring. 

Proved 8 Jan. 1745-6, by the sole Executor named. 31 Edmunds. 
29 Jan. 1746. 

Administration granted to WILLIAM WALLER, one of the 
executors named in the WILL of iRev.J JOHN WALLER, 
now also deceased, to administer etc. 

[This will proves that John Waller, of "Newport", Spotsylvania 
county Va. was a son of Dr. John Waller, of Newport Paganel, Bucks. 
See this Magazine XXVI, 32-35. The brother, Rev. WilHam Waller, is 
given in Alumni Oxonienses, erroneously, as a son of W . v\ aller ot 
Newport Paganel, Bucks, pleb." It should be "J. Waller . \\illiara 
matriculated at Wadham College, April 5, 168cS, B. A. 1691; M. A^from 
Corpus Christi College, Cambridge 1697, rector of Gressenhall 1700, and 
of Brisley, Norfolk 1704, and of Walton, Bucks, from 1711 to his death 
Feb. 18, 1750.] 



EDMUND WALLER, of Beaconsfeild ,co. Bucks, Esq., 
Dated 30 Aug. 1699. Proved 18 July 1700. 

My executors to lay out £300 for the erecting a marble monu- 
ment or tombe over the place where my father and mother now 
lye in the churchyard of Beconsfeild. 

To the poor of the parish of Beconsfeild, £100 and the same 

to the poor of Amersham, both in co. Bucks. 

Whereas I stand seized of an Estate of freehold and inheritance 

in fee simple, in divers messuages, closes, lands, tenements and 

hereditaments situate in Beconsfeild Morton Donington als 

Dynton Kymbell West Wickham Marsh and Stone, in co. 


Now I hereby give the same to my executors, in trust they to 
pay out of the profits the following annuities: to my brother, 
BENJAMIN WALLER, £50 yearly, to my sister, DOROTHIE 
WALLER, £50 yearly, to my sister, ELIZABETH WALLER, 
£50 yearly, to my sister ANN, the wife of GEORGE TIPPING 
Esq., £50 yearly, to my sister OCTAVIA WALLER, £50 
yearly, and to each of the children of my brother Dr. STEPHEN 
WALLER £50, yearly and to JOHN FANSHAW, Esq., £50 

To THOMAS SMITH of Beconsfeild, £20 
And whereas I ovm the principles of the people called Quakers 
I desire my exors to pay £50 unto the Elders, where I shall 
die, they^to take care of my interrment which I desire may be 
in the burying ground belonging to the said Meeting. 
Executors: HENRY GOULD, of Iver, co. Bucks, Esq., 
JOHN FANSHAW, of the Inner Temple, London, Esq., and 



Proved 18 July 1700 by the executors named. 108 Noel. 

[As there is a tradition that one family of Wallers in Virginia descends 
from a son of Edmund Waller, the poet, the will of Edmund Waller above 
and adm. of Stephen Waller, which follows, two sons of Edmund the poet, 
.will help, by elimination. Edmund Waller, the testator, above, matric- 
ulated at Christ Church, Oxford, Dec. 17, 1666, age 15, barrister at law, 
Middle Temple 1675, teacher 1697, M. P. for Saltash 188517, and Agmon- 
desham 1689-95. He names in his will only two brothers, Benjamin and 
Stephen. Stephen Waller, left children; but died intestate. He ma- 
triculated at New College, Oxford, Aug. 21, 1672, aged 18, B. C. L. 1679; 
D. C. L. 1685, advocate of Doctors Commons, 1685, died Feb. 22, 1707.] 



10 March 1707. 

Administration granted to JUDITH WALLER, relict of the 
Venerable STEPEHN WALLER, Doctor of laws, one of the 
Advocates General*, to administer, etc. 
P. C. C. Adn. Oct. Book 107. 

*[of the Court of Canterbury of the Arches London.] 

RANDALL BASKERVILE, of Bowe, co. Middlesex, Esq. 

Dated 20 Feb. 1653-6. Proved 7 March 1654-5. 

To my Mayds ELIZABETH, £4; JANE, £4, and ALICE, 
£3 To my man, RICHARD PRATT, £4. To my maid, 
widow, my late servant, £15, and to her three daughters, 
REBECCA, JANE and ANNE, £5, each. To my sister 
BRIDGETT TREVETT, of Sproson in Cheshire, £100. To 
the childem of my nephew, JOHN BASKERVILE, of Black- 
deane, co. Cheshire, £300 each. To Master LEE, Clarke to 
the Fishmongers Hall, £5. To THOMAS WHITING the 
upper Beadle, £4. To THOMAS ALSWORTH the under 
PARKER, Almsmen, 20s. each. To the Worshipful 
Company of Fishmongers, whereof I am a miember, £200. 
also a bason and ewre. of the same v/eight price and marking 
as Mr. ROBERT GLARES' was, my arms and crest ingraven 
on it To Master WILCOX of Bray, 20s. To the poor of 
the parish of St. Buttolphs Billinsgate, £10. To ANTHONIE 
RAYNOLDS, Clarke of the said parish, £4, and to RICHARD 
SERRINGTON, Sexton, £3. To my cousin LAURANCE 
of Blackdeane, in Cheshire, £200. To Master TYSRO, 
Minister in Woodstreete, £3. To Master BELLOWES, 
Minister of Bowe, £3. To GEORGE YOUNG, fishmonger 
in Thames street, London, £3. To my grandchild RANDALL 
WILLMORE, sonne of my daughter REBECCAH, ah my 



lands, houses and buildings whatsoever, situate in Over 
and Gate Helmsley, co. York, and his heirs for ever and for 
want of such issue to my grandchildem, RACHELL, MARY 
and REBECCAH WILMORE, equally between them. 
To my aunt MIDDLETON. £10. To the Hospital of Christ 
Church, £100. To Master Clyde, the treasurer, £5. To 
Master WIGGETT, the steward, £3. To my daughter 
REBECCAH WILMORE, £2,000. To my sonne, GEORGE 
WILMORE, Esq., £1,000. To my cousin, JOHN BASKER- 
VILE, of Blackdeane, £1,000. To JOHN ATKINSON, my 
mother's mian, £20. To ANNE HALL, my mother's maid, 
£4. To Mistris REEVE, £5. To my brother WILLIAM 
Esq. £50 each. 

Residuary Legatees: my daughter REBECCA WILMORE 
' ' and grandchildren WILMORE ' '. 

Executors:- the said WILLIAM THURSTON, and WILLIAM 
ASHWELL, and my said daughter. 
Proved 7 March 1654-5 by REBECCA WILMORE one of the 
ASHWELL, the other exors renouncing. 397 Aylett. 

[Randall Baskerville the testator, was a brother of Thomas Basker- 
ville of Old Withington, Cheshire, who was grandfather of John Basker- 
vill, the emigrant to Virginia. See "Genealogy of the Baskerville 
Fam.ily.' (P. H. Baskervill), p. 9.] 

WILLIAM BRACKENBOR of Munthorpe in the parish of 
Create Steepinge, co. L^mcolne, yeoman. 
Dated 16 Sept. 1654. Proved 10 Feb. 1654-5. 

All my Goods, unto MAGDALEN, my wife and to my four 
joyntly make executors. 


Proved 10 Feb. 1654-5 by MAGDALEN, the relict and one 
of the Extxs. namicd, pov/er reserved to RICHARD, WILLIAM, 
THOMAS & JOHN BRACKENBORO, the other executors 
named. 346 Aylett. 


[No evidence as to the English home of the Virginia family of Brocken- 
brough has yet been discovered; but ot is evident from various sources 
of information, that in the colonial period, the name was pronoimced 
Brackenboro or Brockenboro. It is entirely possible that the son 
William named in this will may have been the emigrant.] 

EDWARD BRAY, the elder of Biggleswade, co Bedford, 

Dated 2 Oct. 1655. Proved 13 May 1656. 

To be buried m Biggleswade Church* ' neere my seats end ' ' . 
To my Sonne EDWARD BRAY, and his heirs for ever, all my 
land lying in the parish of Biggleswade with the appurtenances 
on Holmeside, and the crops now growing thereupon, he to pay 
unto WILLIAM GOODE what monies I owe. To my wife 
KATHERINE, the use of my parlour, called the white horse 
parlor and all the goods and chattels in the same. To my sonne 
JOHN BRAY, the ' ' Tilth ' ' and Crop now made and growing, 
of the land I hold of Mr. BROMSALL in Caldicott Field, 
and in the parish of Northill. To my daughter, JANE, the 
wife of Mr. JOHN HOLINSTED, £50. To my daughter, 
RUTH BRAY, £20. I leave my sonne ROBERT BARY, 
to his mother's disposing and give him £50 which was promised 
by my sonne EDWARD BRAY. 

Residuary Legatee and executors :-my said wife KATHERINE 
and my sonne JOHN. 

Proved 13 May 1656 by JOHN BRA YE, one of the exors named, 
power reserved to KATHERINE BRAYE, the other exctx 
named. 194 Berkeley. 

[Robert Bray, who died in 1681, and Plomer Bray, who survived him, 
were brothers, and settled in Lower Norfolk County, Va. In a docu- 
ment recorded in that county, Robert Bray is refered to in 1681, a son 
of Edward Bray, Gent., desceased, of Biggleswade, Bedfordshire. They 
were doubtless sons of the son Edward named in this will.] 

NICHOLAS LUKE, of Woodende, Co. Bedford, Esq. 
Dated 27 May 1613. Proved 9 July 1614. 

To THOMAS LUKE, my second sonne, my Rectorie parsonage 
or parsonages appropriate of St. Paule and all Sts. in the To^\ne 
of Bedford, and twenty acres of meadowe lyeinge in Ti-umping- 
ton IT ea; -owe in the said towne of Bedford, to the said THOMAS 



during his life. The remainder thereof to such v/ife as my said 
Sonne THOMAS shall happen to marrye, during her life. 
And after their decease to the first sonne of my said sonne 
THOMAS and the heires males of the body of such first sonne. 
And for default of such sonne, to the second, third, fourth, 
fyfth, sixth and seventh sonnes of my said sonne THOMAS. 
And for default of such sonnes, the remainder, to Sr. OLIVER 
LUKE, my sonne and heire and his heires for ever. 
My intent is that after the expiracon of a lease made of the 
Manor or farme called Butlers alias Ashefeild in Gillinge als 
Yellinge in the County of Huntingdon m.ade by NICHOLAS 
LUKE my Grandfather one of the Barons of the Excheqr. 
unto WILLIAM BUGBY for divers yeres yet to com.e, 
NICHOLAS LUKE my grandchild, third sonne of my said 
eldest sonne Sr. OLIVER LUKE shall have the Mannor or 
farme aforesaid; the same being nowe occupied by one MOR- 

To my sonne Sr. OLIVER LUKE, my Mannor or Lordshipp 
of Towsland, my Mannor of Abbottsby alias Abersley in 
Countie Huntingdon, my Mannor of Basmy, my Mannor of 
Revensdon, in Countie Bedford and all other my lands. Tene- 
ments and Hereditaments in Towsland Yellinge Hemyngford 
Paxton magna Paxton pva Paxworth St. Ives Abbottsley 
Eaton Socon Ravensdon Arlsey Carington Willshamsted and 
Shitlington in the said Countys of Bedford and Huntingdon, 
to the said Sr. OLIVER, his heires and assigns for ever. 
To my eldest daughter dame ANNE FLEETWOOD, wife of 
Sr. MILES FEETWOOD, Receiver generall of his Majesties 
Court of ¥/ards and Liveries, £20; to bestowe in plate. 
To JOHN COOKE, Esqtiire and JUDETH my second 
Daughter (his wife), £250. To KATHERIN, my youngest 
Daughter, £800, when she shalbe miarried. 
To JOHN COCKAYN, my servant, £4. To MARK WATTS, 
vants five marks appece. To the poore of the town of Copley, 
twenty nobles. 

Sole Executor: m.y sonne Sr. OLIVER LUKE. 



Overseers:- Sr. HUMFREY WINCHE, of Everton, Co. Hunt., 
Knight, one of the Justices of H.Mties Court of Common 
Pleas, my Brother Sr. JOHN LUKE, of Annables, Co. Hart., 
sonnes in law and NICHOLAS SPENCER of Copley, Co. 
Bedf., Esq. 

Proved 9 July 1614 by the Sole Executor nam.ed. 67 Lawe. 

[Nicholas Luke, the testator, married Margaret, daughter of Oliver, 
Lord St. John of Bletshoe. His son Sir Oliver was the father of Sir 
Samuel, the hero of Hudibras. George Luke son of Oliver and grandson 
of Sir Samuel, emigrated to Virginia, where he married a sister of 
William Fitzhugh of Stafford County. He was collector of customs 
for the lower district of James River in 1702. See this Magazine III, 

Diamond nowe bounde for Virginia. 

Dated 1 June 1609. Proved 25 April 1611. 

All my goods and chattels whatsoever and wheresoever unto 
my wife DOTOTHIE. 

Executors:- my said wife DOROTHIE and RICHARD 
PERCIVALL, esq., my friend. 

Proved 25 April 1611 by DOROTHY SICKLEMORE alias 
RATCLIFFE, relict and one of the the Exors nam.ed, power 
reserved to RICHARD PERCIVALL the other Exor named. 
35 Wood. 

John Sicklemore alias Ratcliffe, was a member of the Virginia Com- 
pany, came to the colony and was its President September 160/ &c. 
Contemporary writers do not speak well of him; but Mr. Brown defends 
him. He v/as murdered by Powhatan in the wmter of 1609-10.. 





Thomas Jones to His Wife, Sept 12, 1736. 

My Dearest Life 

I take this opportunity, by Mr. Charles Carter's boy to let 
you know that I received your letter from Mrs. Chamber- 
layns by Jamy giving an acc't of your geting well thither, 
notwithstanding your misfortunes by the way; and lastWeek 
I. heard you were all well the Friday following by Col'l White- 
heads Man who saw you passing the River that day. This 
Morning I received your Letter by Will it got to Horn Qt'r 
on Monday Night and was detained there till Saturday Morning 
Holdemess being over in Hanover to Chuse Burgesses, so that 
he did not get down that Night before I v/ent to Bed; I cannot 
at present help very much lam^enting the loss of so fine a Horse, 
But as it is m.y opinion we ought not to have any inordinate 
concern for any thing that happens to us in this World. I 
hope mine will not be of any long duration for him. I have 
always heard that the Mare is as handy as and good a Creature 
as ever went upon four leggs, and have experienced a great deal 
of it. I shall take the best care I can to provide a Horse to 
bring you down, and I suppose you will let me know when it 
will be; and rather than miake you stay too long, if I can do no 
better mmst send the mare, But if its possible 

I will procure som_e horse. Tom is very v/ell and went to Kings 
Creek Yesterday, I was there this Day Sennight Fred, and Billy 
was very well then, and have been so every since you went, 
and your Mother who came from thence last Night says they 
were very well then. But Jammy Burwell has had three or 



four fitts of a Fever, which (as you may suppose) puts her 
[sic] very much out of order and makes her look Twenty years 
older than she did a Week agoe. Your Mother has had a fitt 
of a fever and agiie and is taking the Bark, the rest of the 
family are very well. Saturday after you went Tom and I had 
some difference in which I got the better, and has been the most 
orderly best Boy since that ever he was, taking all the pains 
he can to say and do every thing that is oblidging. I am afraid 
of loosing a passage for this therefore shall conclude with my 
best service and love to every body with you, and be assured 
that I am 

Your most affectionate 

Tho. Jones 

Sunday Night 
Sept 12, 1736 

Thomas Jones To His Wife. 

October 22, 1736 

My Dearest Life 

I have not heard anything from you since your Letter by Mr 
Booker, which I have read over about twenty times since I 
received it not only with regard as a truly kind and tender 
husband, but with the pleasure of a passionate lover that flatters 
himself with the hopes some time or other of being possesed 
with his Mistres's Charms. I am always very sensible of the 
very great affection I have for you but never so much as to your 
absence. If there is any true happiness it is with one like you 
where it is mutual, but as my Portion is not so sublime in this 
World, I must be content with having that in my possession 
I most desire and is dearer to me than my own life. 

Tom has taken three Purges since you went which I suppose 

agreed with him because he looks the better for it, and is ver\^ 

hearty and well 

I sent three doses for Billy and two for Fred, but your Sister 

Burwell( l) gave Billy only two because she said he looks better 

(1) It is evident from various letters among the Jones Papers, that 
Nathaniel Burwell of "Kings Creek," York County married a daughter 
(probably named Jemima, "Jimmy") of Dr. William Cocke. He was a 
son of James Burwell of the same place and father of James Burwell of 
'Kings Creek," who married his first cousin Ann Jones. 



for it and seems to be very v/ell, but Fred, has not taken any, 
having had a shght Fever or two twice for which she gave him 
the Bark and thought it not proper to purge him after it, in 
which I think she was Right, they were in Town two days ago, 
and then both the Children were very v/ell and so was Jammy 
Burwell, but your Sister well not venture him to Town, which 
makes her keep close at homie. She has not been in Town to 
a night since you went, nor there is no persuading her to it 

Daphne (2) do's her business very well and I understand 
is pretty diligent. And Nancy has done very well, She has 
been very sick alm.ost a Week but is recovered and not behind 
her task, and your Mother says she has done her Work very 
well and thinks her a very promising Wench 

But Juliet is the same still, tho I do assure you she has not 
wanted Correction very often. I chear'd her with thirty 
lashes a Saturday last and as m.any more a Tuesday again and 
today I hear she is sick. 

V/ill told me as soon as he camic down and several times 
since he could not Venture the Mare in the Chariot with the 
horses. It was with some difficulty he managed them going 
up after Travelling, and it would be running a great hazard 
when the Horses were fresh ,so that I was obliged to buy a 
Horse as soon as I could get one for which I gave four pounds 
Money and to pay 800 lb. of Pork besides, he had been rid 
down in the assembly time in sending Messengers up the 
Country, so that he was very poor and full of Worm.s and al- 
together unftogether unfit for such a Journey at the time you 
comie away the 9 Inst., he has had a dose for the Worms and 
Will says has voided out quantities, and he must take another 
with the rest of the Horses after he gets up to the Quart 'rs. 
Dolphin had a dose with the rest and I cannot expect them to 
be in much better conditions than he was, so that you must 
make use of what little patience you have. 

I hope Betty Pratt, Dolly and Catesby are all well, to whom 
I send my Blessing and kind love, not forgetting Sister Binny 
and Sukey 

(2) Daphhne, Nancy and Juliet were negro servants. 



I sent several times to the Post Office and always have such 
imperfect answers as I could not well understand, and it was 
always too soon or too late so that if, you think me guilty of 
omission I am sorry for it and you must forgive it and shall 
conclude with my hearty wishes for your health & satisfaction, 
longing for that moment. I am 

My Dearest Life 
Your ever affectionate 
Husband Tho. Jones. 

Thomas Jones To His Wife. 

Nov. 10, 1736 

My Dearest Life 

The People that bought the Hoggs last week told me they 
heard as they came along that Will was not gone from Little- 
page's Thursday last, which I cannot account for unless the 
boat was not ready; I sent thither twice this week before I sent 
up Will and Holdemess brought me word from him the Boat 
should be ready before that time. I ordered Will to go up in 
the Boat, because I did not expect it would hinder him above 
a day, and by sending on purpose for another hand would have 
been above 3 weeks difference; and Buck who was at John 
Corby's was wanted to carry the wheat to Crutchfields and 
then to come down in the Boat. I am very sorr>^ there should 
be any delay, and every thing that prolongs your return gives 
me the utmost concern, more especially now, because it is not 
in my Power to alter my mxcasures, only that I ordered some 
of the People as he went up to call at Littlepages, and if Will 
was not yet gone, to tell him to go directly by Land. 

If Mr Woodford is willing to lend you a pair of Horses and 
his boy Jamy as far as Capt. Hill's, or would give you a Cast 
with his Horses to the Court House, and that you sent our 
horses thither the day before you sett off, I beleive you might 
reach Capt. Hill's the first day. But if that be too much 
fatigue you had best stopp at Col'l Martins, as I believe you 
have a very good inclination to see the Children there, I doubt 



not but you well make all the Convenient hast you can, and I 
as much desire to see those that are with you, but not in any 
degree so much as I do to see you, for if I could be possessed 
with the whole World it would be nothing in comparison with 
that, nor would there be any Charms in life atall to me without 
your Company. But if any part of my Conduct to you has at 
any time induced you to believe otherwise, yet I am truly 
sensible from the secret impulse of my Heart and Mind that 
my passion is greater for you than the invention of Man can 
describe, and I hope no change of fortune or circumstance in 
life will mxake any alteration in me. 

Your Sister Burwell came hither last Saturday was Se 'night 
to the Birth Nighl(3), and stayed till friday following with the 
Children. I persuaded her as much as was necessary to leave the 
Children but could not prevail with her, when they went away 
Fred's face was blown up like a Trunpeter's ready to burst 
with stifling a Cry, and Billy who has a Strong Pipe quite 
roued out and made an intollerable noise, Tom was there a 
Sunday and Mr Burwell v/as in Town a Monday last, and then 
they v/ere all very v/ell as we are here. 

After Mr Woodford had taken his leave here, as I was willing 
to put you in Mind of me I scribbled over a few lines for you 
but he v/as gone before the Messenger get to your Mothers, 
and I sent it by Mr Rose(4) the Minister of the upper Parish 
in Essex which you m.ay have received before this, but if it 
do's not come to your hand before you come away you had 
better Speak to Mr Woodford to return it when it do's by the 
Post; as the last Gazette is a very extraordinary one I have sent 
it to 'you for News, as Mr Woodford takes the Papers, I believe 
you had best bring that and the rest v^ith you, perhaps he may 
not have had one of this yet. I have nothing farther to ad. 
but my kind love and service to every body and .that I live in 
dayly hopes of a happy meeting 

I am My Dear 

Tho. Jones. 

(3) The annual Birth-Night ball, one ot he chief colonial festivities. 

(4) Rev. Robert Rose. 



Betty Pratt(5) To Her Brother Keith William Pratt 

Virginia August the 10^^ 1732 

Dear Brother 

I was very glad to hear by both your letters to Ma-ma that 
you was well; I wish there was not so much Water betwixt 
us as I am told there is, I would come to see you, tho as it is, 
I cou 'd venture if my Ma-ma wou 'd com^e with me, and shoti 'd 
think it the greatest Pleasure in the World; But as there is 
little hopes of that, I must be contented till you are big enough 
to come and see mie, which I think will be miore decent as I 
wear petty-coats, but there you will see so m.any fine and 
agreeable ladies every day that I am afraid you will hardly 
think it is worth while to come so far to see a Sister, so that 
perhaps I may never see you at all, which would be a hard fate, 
only a Bro'r and a Sister not to see on another as long as we live 
but to be as perfect strangers, not to know each other tho ' if by 
any accident (as they say) we were to m.eet in a dish : however 
as we can both write I shall always once or twice a year as 
opportunities offers let you know how I do, as I hope you 
will do the same. I find you have got the start on m.e in 
Learning very much, for you write letter already than I expect 
to do as long as I live, and you are got as far as the Rule of three 
in Arithmetick, but I can't cast up a sum in addition cleverly; 
h\it I am striving to do better every day. I can perform a 
great many dances and am now Learning the Sibell but I cannot 
speak a word of French, I fear you will think my Letter too 
long, therefore shall only ad all our Bro's and Sisters that can 
Speak give their love and service to you and be assured that I 

Your m.ost affectionate Sister 

Letter from John Catesby, Berwick, Nov 17, 1728, to 

Mrs Jones at Wm Poole's, Sadler, at ye White Llorse In Bish- 

opsgate Street, London [Doubtless this was where Mrs Jones 

rented lodgings for part of the time she was in London]. 

(5) Betty Pratt, Mrs. Jones' daughter by her first marriage, has 
been frequently mentioned in these letters. She was at this time ten 
years old. Her brother, Keith William, who was eight, resided in 
England with his Uncle John Pratt. He died in 1744. 



Letter from Fredrick Jones, North Carolina, Jan. 30, 
1731-2, to his uncle Thomas Jones at Williamsburg Va: "I 
purpose (God willing) to be in Wm'sburg by the last of next 
month or the beginning of March and heartily wish it had been 
my happy fortune to have had my habitation in that qiuet 
country where there is a great harmony and so good an under- 
standing among all sorts and degrees of people. 

Agreement of John Hawker, July 11, 1738, to receive of 
Mr. Charles Bridges, (6) of Hanover County one years rent 
for a house in Williamsburg. 

Letter (7) from Mrs. Hollo way, June 8, 1753 (?) to Mrs. 
Jones ' ' Mrs. Davenport cant do y 'r gown before the week after 
next having Molly Dawsons wedding clothes to do, her uncle 
has given her £40 to buy wedding clothes. . 

(6) This was the portrait painter, so many of whose works remain 

^ (7)^^Lady commentators who have been consulted, say that conditions 
stated in this letter, exist at the present day. 




(From State Auditor's Papers, Now in State Library.) 



November 11 To Cash paid Samuel Simpson for 

Forrage sold Quarter Master... 5 18 

Ditto paid Angus M. Donald for 
Frederisk Committee Powder and 
Lead furnished Capt'n Wood's Com- 
pany at Pittsburg.. 32 3 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Patrick Kirk as 

Public Express 12 13 1 

12 Ditto paid William Duval a months 

advance pay to Minute Company. 122 10 

Paid Ditto for Necessaries furnished 

Said Company 9 3 2 

Ditto paid Andrew Henrys for Sun- 
dries Provisions to Cap,n Campbelle 

Company 3 17 2 

Ditto paid Thomas Cowles for Ferri- 
age and Provisions to 2 Companies 

Minute Men 11 18 3 

Ditto paid Thomas Moss for pay of 
his Company Militia & Provisions to 

Ditto 60 8 6 

Ditto paid John Mayo for Provisions 

furnished Cap,n Markliann Company 14 6 

Ditto paid William Graves for Forage 

furnished the Public 8 

Ditto paid William Cosby for Store 

for Wood furnished the Soldiers 4 13 


13 Ditto paid Wilson M. Cayle [Gary] 

for pay of the Elizabeth City Militia-.lOO 

Ditto paid John Singleton as a Public 

Express - - 15 

Ditto paid Ditto for an Express to 

Fredericksburg- 4 4 6 

Ditto paid George William Plummer 
for Gap,n Willis's pay and Expenses 

of his Gompany in Service 29 15 

Ditto paid Robert Mathews Pay and 

Expenses of his Gompany..... 27 13 

Ditto paid John Bacon for pay of 

Gap,n Allen & Bacons Gompanies 25 15 

14 Ditto paid Augustine Moore for 

Waggon Hire 48 

Ditto paid George Gilmour for 

Micajah Ghiles for leather Breeches 
furnished Gap,n Fountains Gompany 8 12 6 
Ditto paid Ditto for a Rifle furnished 

Fountains Gompany 5 

Ditto paid Samuel Price for James 
Lyle for Sundry Goods furnished the 

Amelia Battallion 68 6 10 

Ditto paid Martin Gockburn Sundry 
Express in collecting Goode for the 

use of the Gountry 12 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Salt Petre and 

Sulphur furnished the Public 33 6 4^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arms purchased 

by William Grayson & A. Leitch 211 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Goods purchased 

of the Richardson Public use 157 17 7 


Decemberl5 To Gash paid Francis Goode for 

necessaries furnished his Gompany 12 19 9 
Ditto paid William Goosely for pay of 
his Gompany Minute Mem 192 12 8 


Ditto paid Samuel Beale & William 
Holliday for Stmdries delivired the 
Indians at a Treaty 31 17 6 

Ditto paid James Wilson for use of 
the Colledge Lead to the Public 23 2 

Ditto paid Robert Ruffin Femage 
and Provisions to Sundry Companies 17 17 
16 Ditto paid Mary Weatherfoot for 

Nursing Sick Soldiers 4 15 9 

Ditto paid Edmond B. Dickerson for 
Cooking provisions for Capt. Lynes 
Company 2 12 6 

Ditto paid Gabriel Manpin for Ferri- 

age to Waggons Horses28 Days 8 8 

Ditto paid Turner Southall for Arms 

furnished Capt. Duval's Mem 108 12 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Waggoning & 

Reparing Arms 3 15 

Ditto paid Robert Kennon for 10 Gun 

Powder for Public use.. 2 10 

18 Ditto paid Henry Pendleton for 

Henry Stringfellow for Provisions 
furnished Capt,n Greens Company.. 12 14 6 
Ditto paid Ditto for Henry Field and 
Anthony Foster the irtroble and Ex- 
pense Collecting Arms for Culpepper 

Battallion..... - 2 10 

Ditto paid John Tabb for William 
Chiles for Arms Purchased for the 
Amelia Battallion 37 12 

19 Ditto paid John Wynn for Edwin 
Gray Arms purchased on Public 
Account 19 2 6 

Ditto paid Thomas Pate for Rachel 
Warrington Board to Sick Soldiers.. 14 19 7 

Ditto paid Carter Braxton for a 
Am.munition Waggon for Colo.n 
Christian - - 25 



Ditto paid Gabriel Manpin for 
Richard Banks a Horse to the Pub- 
lic 20 

Ditto paid Mathew Pope for a Telle- 
scope for the use of the 2d Reg- 
ment 8 8 

20 Ditto paid Francis Goode balance of 

pay to his Minute Men 120 10 7 

Ditto paid William Randolph balance 
of pay for his Minute Company 115 19 9 

Ditto paid Francis Page for Lead fur- 
nished the Public Service 26 17 2 

Ditto paid Samuel Beal for Edward 
Snickers advanced by him for pay of 
Captain Morgan Alexander Com- 
any. 183 3 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ditto for Arms 
and Provisions furnished Ditto ....320 13 


December20 To Cash paid Benjamin C. Spiller his 
Allowance as Quarter Master at 
Hampton 1 10 

Ditto paid Ro. E. Warren Expenses 
of Sundry Companies on march 9 4 10 

Ditto paid Amdrew Meade for Wells 
Cov/per Oznaburg furnished the 
Public 235 8 8 

Ditto paid Dreury Ragsdale balance 
• of Accounts for pay and Expence 
of his Company 205 4 4 

Ditto paid Ditto for Charles Lips- 
cornbe forage furnished the Co. 
Battallion 14 

Ditto paid James Quarles for W. 
Peters Martin for a Musket Sold to 
the Country 4 

21 Ditto paid James Taylor for a Gun 

furnished the Public Service 3 10 


Ditto paid Stephen Lewis for Thomas 

Lewis for Waggon Hire 46 10 

Ditto paid James Barron for Rowe 
Corper Wood furnished Hampton 

Troops.- 17 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ditto 3 Guns 

furnished the Company 7 10 

22 Ditto paid Richard Mathews balance 

of pay to his Company Mihtia 101 6 

Ditto paid Edmund Penleton for 
Jam^es McGraw making 2 Shirts 6 

Ditto paid Richard C. Anderson as 
Quarter Master to Cap,n Dabneys 

Ditto paid William Jackson for Lan- 
don Carter for Wood to the Sold 

Ditto paid William Anderson for pay 
of a Guard over Hanover Maga 

Ditto paid Robert Dunbar for Salt 
Petre and Sulphur furnished by 
Payne Moore 

Ditto paid Ditto for Arthur Morrison 

Salt Petre-Sulphur to the Public - 18 9 

Ditto paid John S. Wills for Josias 
Ivis for Wood furnished the 2^ 
Reg* 4 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Carriage of Salt 
Petre by Soloman Perkins - 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for furnishing the 
Powder Escort wath Provisions by 

Ro. Cagin 18 6 

23 Ditto paid William Aylett one Months 

pay as Lieuten* Col. Aylett 18 5 

Ditto paid Wilham Page on Account 
as Public Express - 15 9 


Ditto paid Edward Carrington for 
Sundries Arms purchased for the 
Army-_. 29 10 

Ditto paid George Gibson for Ex- 
penses & Necessaries furnished his 
Company 64 9 4 

Ditto paid Sampson Mathews for 4 
Rifles bought by Joseph Moore for 
the Army 20 


December23 To Cash paid WilHam Page for Ex- 
press Hire — -- 20 

Ditto paid Ro. Anderson for pay of 
his Company Minute Men in Ser- 
vice 200 

27 Ditto paid WilHam Fitzhugh for 

Arms furnished Caroline District...-..164: 7 7 
Ditto paid Josias Clapham for Sundry 

Goods purchased for the use of the 

PubHc & his Commission theron 216 8 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for 500' lbs. Gun 

powder Sold the County 150 

Ditto paid John Carter Jur for 4 

Bridles furnished for Public use 2 

28 Ditto paid Isaac Hite his Expenses 

in visiting the Indians 16 16 1 

Ditto paid Edmund Pendleton J'' for 
Provisions furnished Cap* Alexander 
Company by Wiley Roy 2 9 3 

29 Ditto paid John Wyne for a Musket 

furnished the Army 3 10 

30 Ditto paid James Wood for William 

HoUiday for Necessaries to Indian 

Hostages — 31 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for WilHam Camp- 

beh for Ditto 4 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for George Roger 

for Ditto.. 7 13 5 



Ditto paid John Thoreton for Sun- 
dries furnished Captain Triplets 
Company ■ 5 5 3 

Ditto paid John Toones for Provis- 
ions furnished Cap'n Selaters & 
Other Companies on their March to 
and from Hampton..... 45 11 2 

Ditto paid Will S. Sclater for pay of 
his Company ordered into Service.... 158 7 4J/^ 

Ditto paid Ditto for Charles Minnes 
for Necessaries to Said Company 4 19 8 

Ditto paid Walter Lenox for Capt. 
James Scott for Forrage Supplied 
the Army 13 


Januaryl Ditto paid William Phillips for Wood 

Suppleid the Army.. 18 19 

Ditto paid William Kinkead for the 
use of William Campbell for Nec- 
essaries furnished Captain Gibson's 
Company... 49 19 9 

Ditto paid Sarah Strather for Wood 

and attendance Sick Solders.... 6 

2 Ditto paid Joseph Neivill for Thomas 
Edmundson for board of Indian 
Hostages.. 20 

Ditto paid Robert Smith for William 
Manifree for Horse Hire..... 5 

Ditto paid Wilson Miler Cary for 
Cap^^ Armistead Hollier and Cowper 
ordered into Service at Hampton 

balance of account 34 1 4 

(To be Continued) 



(Contributed by W. W. Scott.) 


Wm. Aery — Mary Stowers. 

Hezekiah Atkins — Sally Chiles. 

John Bickers — Nancy Landnmi. 

Wm. Boling — Phebe Hawkins. 

Wm. Bridgess — ^Ann Row. 

Robt. Brooking — Patsy Russell. 

James Brown — Nancy Harrod. 

Lorimer Chowning — Judith Carter. 

John Farguson — Francis Lucas. 

Demey Garrell — Sally Stanton. 

Lawrence Gillock— Betsy Twentyman. 

Thos. Goforth— Milly Foster. 

Parks Goodall — Franky Cox. 

Thos. Graves — ^Ann Grady. 

John Hamilton — Frances Richards. 

Wm. Herrin— Molly Shiflet. 

Sam 1 Hill— Nancy Tate. 

Wm. Kersey — Agnes Taylor. 

Rich^ Lee — Anna Dodd. 

Geo. McCoy— Elizabeth Nickings. 

John Morton — Mary Tandy. 

Beverley Overton — Elizabeth Conner. 

Wm. Overton — Nancy Breadley. 

Rice Pendleton — Elizabeth Quisenberry. 

Jonathan Pitcher — Betsy Mason. 

James Riddell Jr. — Theodisia Rhodes. 

James Roach — Betsey Lindsay. 

Francis Robinson — Mary Terrill. 



Wm. Robins — Franky Robins. 
John : anford — Betsy Randell. 
Thomas Shelter. — Ann Cox. 
Francis Taylor — Elizabeth Thompson. 
Andrew Webster — Usilla Smither. 
Rich'^ Williams — Nancy Rogers. 
Thomas White — Elizabeth Long. 
John Young — Sarah Rogers. 


Ephraim Breading — Molley Franklyn. 
Thomas Bowler — Margaret Landrum. 
James Chandler — Frances McNeal. 
John Davis — Mary Eastin. 
James Chisham — Catherine Ranes. 
Anselm Clarkson — Milley Jones. 
Thomas Davis — Elizabeth Pannill. 
William Deane — Sarah Boston. 
Reubin Dollins — Elizabeth Hensley. 
Absalom Graves — Felicia White. 
Joseph Griffey — Fanny Wisdom. 
George Marshall Head — Milley Rucker. 
Reuben Jones — Patty Stowers. 

Thomas Lucas — Sally Garnett Swell. 

Reuben Mallory — Dorothy Carter. 

John Motherhead — Sucky Burras. 

Beverley Overton — Patey Richards. 

John Pearson — Betsy Goodrage. 

James Page — Winny Shiflett. 

Elliot Rucker — Nancy Smith. 

William Russell — Mary Merry. 

Robertson Spalding — Fanny Jones. 

Reuben Sanford — Frances Webb. 

John Shadrick — Elizabeth Sanders. 

Kenneth Sutherland — Ruth Webster. 

James Taylor — Sary Hunt. 

William Taylor— Elizabeth Walker. 

Oliver Terrell — Susannah Mallory. 


Jesse Wabson— Milley Ballard. 
Jesse Webb — ^Judah Jones. 
John Wright — Susanna Grasty. 


James Arnold— Elizabeth Atkins. 
Lawrence Battaile— Ann Hay Taliaferro. 
Richard Breeding— Elizabeth Franklyn. 
James Brockman — Nancy Bledsoe. 
Roger Biirrus— Cynthia Mills. 
Abraham Chambers— Mary Dawson. 
Thomas Chambers— Milley Robinson. 
Augustine Comelins — Sarah Terrell. 
Jacob Crew — Martha Dollins. 
John Deane — Elizabeth Mays. 
Rodes Dabney— Jenne Chapman. 
John Donoven — Sally Gaer. 
Johnathan Franklyn— Susannah Breeding. 
Benjamin Fortson — Sally Head. 
Richard Howard— Margaret Sullivan. 
Nehemiah Hundley— Elizabeth Cave. 
Zachary Lee — Sarah Mankspoil. 
Thomas Macon — Sarah Madison. 
William Mitchell— Sarah Grinnels. 
Gilson Morris — Molley Knight. 
John Owens— Sarah Hambleton (Widow). 
Robert Paul — Rachell Edwards 
Peter Perry — Lucy Faulconer. 
William Rumsey— Peggy Barrett. 
James Rumsey— Mary Deering. 
John Simson — Polly Stev. Dawson. 
John Turner— Sarah Fitzgerrell. 
Benoni Twentyman— Elizabeth Nutty. 

Vivian Webb — ard. 

Jesse Bennet Webb — Sarah Mason. 
John Webb Jun^— Mildred Lantor. 
William Wells — Mary Harvey. 
Zacheus Wharton— Sally Young. 




James Barker — Sarah Maze (Widow). 
Abner Beckham — Frances Thomas. 
John Beseley — Sally Eaves. 
Geo. Bickers — Nancy Mallory. 
Joseph Bishop — ^Ann Clark. 
James Blair — Helen Shepherd. 
John Boiling Jr. — Susannah Bell. 
Chas. Bowling — Sarah McKenney. 
Marmadiike Bramham — Fanny Heghes. 
Sam '1 Pwockman — Nancy Durrett. 
Wm. Cave— Judy Jollett. 
John Chandler — Elizabeth Terrell. 
Jremiah Coats — Sally Webster (widow). 
Wm. Cox — Betsey Estes. 
Thos. Dooling — Elizabeth Finnell. 
Thornton Foushee — Nancy Graves. 
Thomas Graves — Mourning Burroughs. 
Moses Harwood — Elizabeth Sutton. 
Valentine Johnson — Nancy Bennett. 
Wm. Butcher Knight — Frances Cave. 
James Lamb — ^Ann Watson. 
Henry Maggard — Betsey Lamb. 
Geo. Morrison — Sally Sisson. 
Cuthbert Norman — Sophia Jollet. 
Reuben Peacher — Sarah Johnson. 
James Perry — Nancy Tandy. 
Thomas Phillips — Milley Davis. 
Geo. Rhodes — Nancy Wright. 
Thomas Sampson — ^Winny Powell. 
Wm. Scott— Nilly Shadrick. 
John Sebree — Sally Johnson. 
Joseph Snell — Elizabeth Miller. 
Francis Spencer — ^Winifred George. 
Seth Spencer — Ann Thornton. 
Spencer Stanton — Sally Powell. 
Geo. Stubblefield — Ann Hawkins. 


Daniel Sweeney — Mary Griffith. 

Hay Taliaferro — Lucy M. Thurston (Widow). 

Caleb Thornton— Patsy Ford. 

Francis Tumley — Susanna Watts. 

Gideon Underwood — Mary Dohony. 

Bledsoe Wright — arah Beasley. 


James Atkins — Elizabeth Poe. 

Charles Beazley — Elizabeth Wait. 

John Blanton — Mary Grady. 

Joseph Booth — Polly Grace. 

Tavner Bramham — Polly Sisson. 

Joseph Carter— Polly Bell. 

Wm. Clark— Betsy Cook. 

James Collins — Sarah Harvie. 

Lewis Dillard Collins— Elizabeth Williams. 

George Cowgill — Phebe Wait. 

Jeremiah Crawford — Jany Crawford. 

Aaron Crosthwait — Nelly Brockman. 

Wm. Dade— Sarah Dade (Widow). 

Wm. Dod — Susanna Lee. 

Rich*^ Falconer — Nancy Sanders. 

Henry Fitzhaugh — Elizabeth Conway. 

Absolam Ford— Molly Ransdell. 

Wm. Gaer — Sally Ham. 

John Henshaw — Elizabeth Newman. 

enjamin Henry — Nancy Roberts. 
Thomas Jameson — Polly Samuel. 
Reuben Lancaster — Betsey Conner. 
Wm. Leathers — Nancy Finnell. 
Patrick McDaniel — Elizabeth Miller. 
Patrick McMullan — Sarah Walker. 
Thomas Maxwell — Dulley Henry. 
John Maxwell — ^Agatha Henry. 
John Ogg Jr.— Sally Goodall. 
Caleb Olliver— Nancy White. 


Benjamin Powell — Easter Pickett. 
John Rixey — Betsey Sutherland. 
George Roberts — Lavina Tippitt. 
Robert Sanford — Hannah Grymes. 
Rawser Spicer — Nancy Wood. 
Zachy Taylor — Susanna Gerrell. 
Jessie Wh te — Elizabeth Martin. 
Thomas Wood — Rebecka Porter. 
Beniamin Wright — Ann Hemdon. 

(To be continued) 




Late last year it was determined to place a more suitable 
insurance on the personal property of the Society, For this 
purpose an exact inventor>^ and appraisment was made, which 
included the property of the Society on December 1, 1917 
It has been thought that it would interest our members and 
others if a condensed synopsis of this inventory were published. 
What is given here is in no sense a descriptive catalogue. The 
intention is to give a general idea of the Society 's collections, 
together with examples of things of particular interest. Only 
a list of the subjects of portraits can be given. 

From its organization in 1831 until 1893, when the war-time 
home of General R. E. Lee, 707 E. Franklin Street. Richmond, 
was given by Mrs John Stewart, of "Brook lUll", Va., and 
her daughters, we had no home of our own; but occupied rooms 
rented or loaned. There were, of course, many removals, and 
twice, once during the Civil War, and once immediately after the 
Federal forces occupied Richmond, the belongings of the Society 
had to be removed, almost at an hour's notice. 

With such a history it can be readily seen that many books, 
relics, and pictures have been lost. It is not believed, however, 
that anything of very great value disappeared, and it is com- 
forting to know that we still have many articles given to the 
Society in its earlier years. 

The gift of our present home possibly saved the life of the 
Society — certainly it was the cause of its entering upon a career 
of great growth and usefulness. This growth has been so great 
that oiu- house is now almost full from basement to top floor. 
Crowded rooms seriously hamper our work, particularly the 
use of the library. And,greatest obstacle of all, the house is 
not fire-proof. It is an unusually substantial brick structtire, 
and every precaution in the use of fire and lights, and by placing 
fireshutters has been taken; but nothing can make it absolutely 



Our Board is determined that this house shall always remain 
unaltered as a memorial to General Lee, and that the public 
shall always have access to it. In addition to this, the Society 
will be obliged to have, when conditions will admit, a separate 
fireproof building especiall}' constructed for its use. We have 
no thought now of any such wor'.-'. First of all we wish to give 
every aid in our power to the winning of he war. Next to 
that we will endavor through all possible economy and the aid 
of our members, to keep our work, during these trying years, as 
nearly normal as possible. After the successful ending of the 
war, when the world is made safe, we will begin work to raise 
the means to build and equip a suitable house for the Society 


Books: 11232 volumns, including bound periodicals and pam 

In addition to books bought by the Society or given to it, 
we have, in the past, become the heir of two old semi-public 
libraries; the Mechanics Institute and the Athenaeum. These 
libraries contained many excellent books; but, as was the case 
with the other books of the Society, many movings were bad for 
the bindings. There are hundreds of valuable books, whose 
covers are loose or off, and which will need rebinding before they 
can be used. This does not apply to books acquired later. 

All books, pamphlets etc, are included in a manuscript card 
catalogue. Last year we began making a catalogue of printed 
cards, bought from the Library of of Congress, with type-written 
additions, where needed. These are in a card file accessible to 
the public. As a measure of economy the purchase of printed 
cards has been discontinued until after the war, though entries 
are regularly made in the manuscript catalogue. 


Newspapers: 291 bound volums, including the Virginia Gazette 
173G-39, 1766, 1768-69, 1774, 1775-76, 1776. 

A list of Virginia newspapers in our library in 1902 was pub- 
lished in Vol. IX of our magazine. 




Manuscripts: 251 volums, 108 files. 

A catalogue of the manuscripts then in the collection of the 
Society, was printed in 1901. There is a manuscript card cat- 
alogue of additions. 

Among the miost important items are: (1) "Lee Transcripts," 
5 vols ; copies of correspondence of Lee family ; (2) ' ' Lee Papers 
,5 vols; orginal letters to and from members of the Lee family; 
(3) "Miscellaneous Autographs," 17 vols; letters and docimients 
relating to Virginians and Virginia history; (4) Several volumes 
relating to the Confederacy; (5) "Miscellanea Curiosa," 6 
vols. English and other European antiquities; (6) Several 
orderly books &c., relative to the Revolution and the War of 
1812; (7) Letter book of Richard Corbin 1758-68. Copy; (8) 
"Campbell Papers", 6 vols; miscellaneous Va. letters and 
papers presented by Charles Campbell, the Va. historian; 
(9) "Carter Papers", 4 vols; (10) Letter book of William 
Fitzhugh 1679 &c; (11) Letter book of Ralph Wormeley 
(copy); (12) Letter books of William Lee, 4 vols; (13) Letter 
books of Govenor Robert Dinwiddie, 4 vols; (14) Orignal MS. 
of Henry Lee 's ' ' Memoir of the War in the South " ; (14) Min- 
utes and Accounts, Colonization Society of Virginia, 1828-59, 
2 vols; (15) Letters of Washington to Dinwiddie, 1754 &c., 1 
vol; (16) Washington-Fairfax Letters, 1 vol; (17) Register of 
Albemarie Parish, Sussex County; (18) Edmund Randolph's 
Essay towards a history of Virginia; (19) Minutes of the Gen- 
eral Court of Virginia 1670-76; (20) Washington's Diary 1790- 
91; (21) "Original Autographs" (signatures), presented by W. W. 
Corcoran; (22) Letter books of Governor Alexander Spot swood, 
2 vols; (25) Barradall's Reports (colonial court decisions), 1 vol; 
(24) "Randolph Manuscripts", 2 vols (Notes made from Va. 
records about 1710); (25) "Ludwell Papers", 6 vols; (26) 
French and Indian Vv^ar Land Bounty Warrants, 2 vols (copy); 
(27) References to Revolutionary soldiers in Journals of House 
of Delegates of Virginia, 2 vols (copy) ; (28) Journals of Council 
of Virginia, 3 vols (copy) ; (29) Notes from Stafford County, 
records ,2 vols (copy) ; (30) Letters of Robert ("King") Carter, 
1 vol. (copy); (31) "Gary Papers", 1 vol, 3 files; being the Va. 
genealogical notes of the late Wilson Miles Gary; (32) Wirs- 
tion Genealogy 1 vol. and 1 file. 



There are other voltunes or collections of value and interest. 
It is impossible to refer to the separate letters and papers in the 

In addition to the manuscripts in volimies or files, a number 
have been framed for exhibition . Among these are: (1) A 
letter to George Washington on the occasion of his marriage, 
from his wife's London merchants; (2) Autograph statment by 
Washington as to land due Colonal troops; (3) A survey by 
Washington, 1752; (4) "The Northern Neck Declaration", 
protest against Stamp Act,with many signatures; (5) Autograph 
letter of Martha Washington; (6) Patent for Beverley Manor, 
Augusta County, 1731; (7) Commission of Robert Hunter as 
governor of Virginia, 1705. 


Among the more valuable maps in our collection are (1) 
2 of the siege of Yorktown; (2) John Henry's Map of Virginia; 
(3) Fry and Jefferson's Map of Virginia; (4) The Simimer Is- 
lands (Bermuda) 1626; (5) 65 maps prepared by Confederate 
engineers, chiefly of Virginia counties, 1862-64. Most of these 
required repairs, which are being made as it is possible. 


(1) George Washington; (2) Mrs Martha Washington; (3) 
James Madison; (4) Peyton Randolph; (5) Thomas Jefferson; 
(6) James Monroe; (7) John Marshall; (8) George Mason; (9) 
Thomas Nelson (loan); (10) Patrick Henry; (11) R. E. Lee; 
(12) Lafayette; (13) George Washington ; (14) George Washing- 
ton; (15) Edv/ard Wilson James; (16) Henry Knox; (17) William 
Maxwell; (18) Mrs Maxwell; (19) Children of Philip Grymes, 
of "Brandon"; (20) Joseph Bryan; (21) George Percy; (22) 
Black Hawk; (23) Pocahontas (ideal); (24) Zachary Taylor; 
(25) Edmund Pendleton; (26) Arthur Lee; (27) George Esk- 
ridge; (28) Mrs. Eskridge; (29) John Dandridge; (30) R. E. 
Lee; (31) Rt. Rev. James Madison (loan); (32) Lord Culpeper; 
(33) "Earl of Essex"; (34) James Gibbon; (35) C. A. Gerard; 



(36) Duke de Lauzun; (37) Cpt. William Jones; (38) William 

B. Giles; (39) Edmund Randolph; (40) William Dandridge 
(loan); (41) John Randolph of Roanoke; (42) Rev. M. D. 
Hoge; (43) Conway Robinson; (44-63) 13 portraits Boiling 
family (6 generations), 4 of Randolph, 2 of Morris, Rev. James 
Blair D. D., and Thomas Boiling Robertson (loans); (64) Rev. 
John Buchanan. 


(1) Benjamin Franklin ((pastel) ; (2) R. E. Lee, (water color 
copy); (3) R. E. Lee, 7 examples; (4) T. J. Jackson, 4; (5) J. E. 
Johnston; (6) J. E. B. Stuart,2; (7) Jefferson Davis (bust); 
(8) Jefferson Davis (engraving); (9) James Blair D.D.(min- 
ature); (10) Lafayette; (11) John Marshall, full length, wax 
bas-relief, and two heads bas-relief; (12) Philip A. Bruce; 
(15) Mrs Mary Washington; (14) Patrick Henry (photograph of 
minature); (15) General William Clark; (16) Bishop White; (17) 
Daniel Parke; (18) Bishop Meade; (19) Admiral French Forest 

C. S. N; (20) John Marshall and Bishop Moore (silhouettes) 
(25) 4 Crayon copies. Boiling family, Petersburg Va., four 
generations; (26) Col. William Heth; (27) James Madison 
(bust) ; (28) Silhouettes of Washington family, formly owned 
by Mrs R. E. Lee; (29) John B. Baldwin; (30) Commodore 
Dale; (31) Peter V. Daniel; (32) Peter Francisco; (33) Thomas 
Todd (Justice); (34) Robert M. T. Hunter; (35) Harry Innes; 
(36) Benjamin Watkins Leigh; (37) William C. Rives; (38) 
Benjamin Rush; (39) A. P. Upshur; (40) Henry A. Wise. 
This is, of course, only a selection from a large nimiber. 


Among those of especial interest are: (1) A lock of General 
Lee's hair; (2) His Prayer-Book mark; (3) Sword presented 
to Midshipman Hill Carter, U. S. N; of ship Epervier, by the 
the State of Virginia; (4) Sword presented to Capt. Arthur 
Sinclair U. S. N; commanding ship Erie in the battle of Lake 
Ontario, by the State of Virginia; (5) Sword presented by the 



State of Virginia to the heirs of Capt. John Ritchie U. S. A; 
killed at the Battle of Niagara; (6) Sword of Midshipman W. B. 
Sinclair C..S. N; of the C. S. Florida, who died in ser\'-ice; (7) 
Flag Carried by the Petersburg Volunteers in the Mexican War; 
(8) Sword found with the remains of a Confederate officer at 
Gettysburg; (10) A rifle carred in the Lewis and Clark expedi- 
tion; (11) Table on which George Mason wrote the Bill of 
Rights; (12) A pair of flint-lock duelling pistols; (13) A military 
pistol of about 1750; (14) A musket made at the Virginia State 
Armory; (15) An old lance; (16) The original bell of St. Johns 
Church, Richmond; (17) Lead plate, with inscripition dated 1749, 
buried by the French on the Ohio River; (18) A pair of duelling 
pistols and a sash taken from a British officer in the Revolution; 
(19) Instruments used by William Mayo in laying out Richmond 
and Petersburg; (20) Plate for printing Virginia 
currency; (22) Plaster cast of skull of Daniel Boone; (23) A 
pair of jack-boots, which belonged to Lord Fairfax (1780); 
(24) A plate, part of a service given to Mrs Washington; (25) 
Family Bibles of Thomas Nelson and Richard Renry Lee; 
(26) Sword given to Captain (afterwards General) George H. 
Thomas by the people of his native county, Southampton Va., 
1848; (27) Medal given by the Va. Philosophical Society 1774; 
(28) Medal of the King of Patomeck; (29) Sword given to 
William Dandridge of Virginia, Captain British Na\T, by John, 
Duke of Montagu, 1738; (Loan) (30) Fac-Smile of Va. Ordi- 
nance of Secession; (31) Piece of Armor dug up at Jamestown. 





Due, doubtless, to confusion in notes of the year's proceedings furnished 
to the President of the Society, there were two errors in his annual 

The Volumes of the Richmond Times and Compiler were given by 
Mrs. Lancaster, widow of R. A. Lancaster Sr., of Richmond. 

The Executive Committee did not resolve that a roll of our members 
in service should be published, practically an impossible task with our 
scattered membership; but that a "Roll of Honor", of Virginians who 
are killed in action or die in service should be compiled and printed. 
The first list appears elsewhere in this issue. 

The membership at the beginning of 1918 was 728, a net loss of 38. 
This was due to resignations, largely on account of the war, deaths, and 
a very rigid purging of our rolls of members who have been delinquent 
in payments for several years. As we have reduced the number of the 
magazines printed we felt that we could, less than ever, carry this dead 
timber. This year still more will be dropped. It should be stated that 
no member known to be doing any sort of war work has been dropped. 


William Alexander Fleet, son of Col. A. F. Fleet, who was long superin- 
tendant of Culver Military Academy, Indiana, was a native of Virginia 
graduated with high distinction at the University of Virginia, was a 
Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, married in England, was commissioned Second 
Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards in 1917, and was killed in battle, 
May 18, 1918. He was a resident of Indiana and is therefore not included 
in the Virginia roll printed eles where in this Magazine. For his long 
line of Virginian and English Ancestry, see this Magizine, II, 71, 76: 
V, 253, 254. 

Virginia State Archives. 

Our last Legislature took intelligent and helpful action in regard to 
the State Archives. An act was passed permitting officials in charge of 
county, city and other local records to transfer those not in current use 
to the State Library. 



In almost every county are masses of original papers, rarely used by 
any one, because they are not indexed. In some instances these papers 
and stored in practically inaccessible places. It would seem that all 
clerks would be glad of an opportunity to be relieved of papers which are 
of no use where they are, and are frequently a burdensome responsibility. 
In addition to these there are old record books, literally dropping to 
pieces, which counties will not or cannot have repaired. The custodians 
of such books should (and no doubt will) feel that it is far better that they 
should be removed to the Library and repaired by the best methods, 
rather than remain where they are and gradually be destroyed. In other 
counties, the writing in old books is gradually fading from dampness. 
It is earnestly hoped by all interested in our past that custodians of old 
records will not only feel it a duty, but a privilege to save them in the 
wav provided by the Act. 

The Confederate Records, collected by former Secretaries of Virgiia 
Military Records (an ofhce now abolished) were transferred to the 
Library and the physical transfer was consummated on the 4th of April. 
It is estimated that it will require about one hundred and forty thousand 
cards to index the twenty large ledger valumes which were delivered, 
these large volumes containing copies of muster-rolls collected from 
original and secondary sources. After the completion of this indexing, 
which will be within the next year or so, the Library will be able to give 
certificates for membership in the Daughters of the Confederacy, the 
Sons of Veterans, or for securing the pensions provided for the widows 
and orphans of Confederate Soldiers. 

A binding fund of $1,500 for each of the next two years was provided, 
half to be used for Archives, there v;as a general and much needed salary 
increase and the assistant librarian in charge of Archives was designated 
State Archivist. 

All students of Virginia History are to be congratulated on the good 
work Dr. H. R. Mcllwaine, State Librarian, and Mr. Morgan P. Robin- 
son, State Archivist are doing, and it may be confidently stated that 
the usefulness and scope of the Archivies department will be constantly 
enlarged and improved. 


The compiler of the article concerning the Berry family on Page 81, 
Volume XXV, for January 1917, is named Miss Alice E. Trabue, The 
Cortlandt, Louisville, Ky., and she is anxious to know the address of 
G. G. Parry and Mr. Washington Berry as promptly as possible, in order 
to further the investigations of the genealogy of the Berry family. 



War Notes. 

It is probable that the first Virginian who died in France from injuries 
received in action, was Thomas Bosher Carter, son of E. S. Carter If 
Palls, P. O., King William County. He had just completed a term of 
service in the Navy when the call was issued for troops to be sent to the 
Mexican border. He enlisted in the cavalry, was among the first to be 
sent abroad, and died Dec. 13, 1917 in a hospital in France from effects 
of gas. He was in a machine gun company and was buried at Etaples. 
He was slightly over 21 years at the time of his death. His father writes : 
"He was a fine boy in every way and fear was absolutely unknown to 

Among the members of the American Expediionary Forces reported 
severely wounded, Jime 16, 1918, was Captain Albert Sidney Johnston 
Tucker, of Laredo, Texas, son of Henry St. George Tucker, of Lexington, 
Va., and great grandson of General Albert Sidney Johnston, C. S. A.; 
and another was Private Barnes C. Beckwith, of Parkersburg, W. Va., 
whose name indicates that he is a descendant of Sir Marmaduke Beck- 
with, Bart., who settled in Richmond Co., Va., about 1700. 

It is interesting to note that there are ten grandsons of Lieut. -Col. 
John A. Washington, the last of the family who owned Mt. Vernon, 
now in the service of the United States. Of the sons of Mr. Lawrence 
W^ashington, of Washington, D. C, Wilson Selden Washington is an 
electrician sergeant instructor; Willis Lachland ¥7ashington, a student 
in an army electrical school; Preston Chew Washington, a corporal of 
artillery, A. E. F.; Julian Howard Washington, in the artillery, and 
Francis Roland Washington, in the marines. 

Of the sons of Mrs. Maria Washington Tucker, wife of Rt. Rev. Bev- 
erley D. Tucker, Bishop of Southern Virginia, Rev. Beverley Dan- 
dridge Tucker, 1st lieutenant and chaplain; Rev. Herbert Nash Tucker, 
chaplain; Lawrence Fontaine Tucker, 1st lieutenant, and Ellis Nimmo 
Tucker and Francis Bland Tucker, at training camps. 

Lieut. -Col. John A. Washington, C. S. A., the grandfather of these 
young men, was killed Sept. 13, 1861, in action at Rich Mountain, Va. 



6. Sept. 25, 1756— An act for raising recruits for the Royal American 
Regiment, "and whereas at the request of the Chiefs of the Cherokee 
Indiars, a fort hath lately been built at Choto in their country, at the 
expence of this colony, and the said Chiefs are desirous the sam^e shall 
be garrisoned by British Subjects," enacted that the sum of two thousand 
pounds be applied to that purpose. \Hening VII, 62.] 


7. Rec'd May 24, 1757 by Board of Trade— Letter from Governor 
Lyttletop of South Carolina and copy of petition from South Carolina 
Assembly — petition reading: "In obedience to his Majesty's command 
and upon the earnest request of the Cherokee Indians, & at the expence 
of £6000 sterl. and upwards, we have completed Fort Prince George 
at Keowee in the Lower and Fort Loudoun at Tennessee in the Upper 
Cherokee country." \North Carolina Colonial Records, XI, 132.] 

8. Sept. 24, 1757, Govemer Dinwiddie to Old Hop, the Governor 
Little Carpenter &c (warriors of the Cherokees) "sometim.e ago I w^rote 
to Old Hop that it was impossible for me to send men to garrison the 
fort built in your country till the spring of the year *****. I hope 
in the mean time the garrison of Fort Loudoun will be able to protect 
you and your country from any insults." 



Major John Pelham, C. S. A., Was the son of Dr. Atkinson Pelham, 
who was born in Marysville, Ky., Nov. 2l, 1797, son of one Charles 
Pelham, supposedly a son of one Peter Pelham, of Williamsburg, Va. 
Dr. Pelham's m.other was a Miss Atkinson, of Virginia. 

F. R. M. 


The following copies from entries in an old Bible were communicated 
in 1904 by Mrs. W. E. Reeves, of Newton, Iowa. The names of the 
parents of the children bom 1700 &c, are not given; but the nam.e Osborne 
would indicate that they were of the family of the nam.e in Stafford and 
Prince William. The nam.e Isham was probably given as a compliment to 
to Isham Randolph of "Dungeness", for the persons named in this Bible 
record were certainly not descended from William of "Turkey Island." 
By deed in Prince WilUam County, Oct. 20, 1750, John Randolph, of 
Prince Wm., and his wife Ann, one of the daughters & co-heirs of Thomas 
Osborne of Prince William, conveyed a tract of land to Cuthbert Harrison, 
who had married Osborne's widow. The will of John Randolph was 
dated Sept. 11, 1789, and proved in Prince William, Nov. 5, 1790, legatees, 
wife Anne, daughter Sarah, daughter Peggy, daughter Betsy, daughter 
Mary Ann, sons John and Thomas Osborn Randolph, son Wm., daughter 
Mildred Oliver, daughter Mary Tyler, daughter Frances. The will 
of Wm. Randolph dated August 2, 1792, vvas proved in Prince Wm. Sept. 
2, 1972, legatees: wife Elinor, and children Robert, William, George 
and Mildred. 

Apphia Randolph, born Mar. 16, 1700.': :\mdolph, born Apr. 11, 1703. 



John Randolph, born Feb. 9, 1705. 
James Randolph, bom Feb. 29, 1707. 
Jeconias Randolph, bom Mar. 1, 1710. 
Alice Randolph, bom Jan. 15, 1712. 
William Randolph, bom Sept. 22, 1716. 
Mary Randolph, born July 19, 1718. 

The third child, of the above family, was deaf and dumib and he was 
named for an uncle. The following is a list of the children of Josiah 
Randolph and Jane, his wife. 

Tabitha Randolph, bom Apr. 13, 1749. 

Richard Randolph, bom Aug. 21, 1752. 

Edmund Randolph, bom Jan. 4, 1756. 

Isham Randolph, bom Mar. 23, 1758. 

Apphia Randolph, born Apr. 28, 1761 . 

Frances Randolph, bom June 8, 1764. 

Josiah Randolph, bom Oct. 1, 1766. 

Osbom Randolph, bom May 1, 1769. 
These are authentic records, taken from family Bibles. 

Virginia in English Records. 
Manuscripts of the Duke of Portland. 

James Newport of the Society of Jesus to—, 1675, August 4— 'Ad Flu- 
vium Convectionis" . I who by obedience am nobody, was trying 
to bring others to Christ our Saviour, and it chanced that being seized by 
the force of the Spirit I fell in with these barbarians who I believe are 
accustomed to have intercourse with Europeans. As however I can get 
no information from them, I should be most grateful if you, whoever 
you are, and whatever may be your latitude and longitude, would inform 
me what these barbarians are. In the m-eantim.e, receive this word 
from m.e. The Lord called me to the Society of Jesus, and it is his will 
that I should spend my life in the Canadian territory for the sake of these 
barbarians whom he redeemed with his blood. Wherefore I am certain 
that if the immaculate Virgin the mother of God were present to me in 
these wretched lands, she would not wish m.e to spare the breath of life 
which she preserves for us, which whilst v.'e enjoy, let us pray God that 
if we may not meet on earth we m.ay be joined in Heaven. — Latin. 

Copy Endorsed. "Copy of a Latin letter received by Colonel Bird 
in Virginia in the winter 1675, from, a Jesuit, dated 4th August 1675, in 
latitude 35 degrees, longitude 275. About 1200 m.iles west, two degrees 
Soutnw est from, Virginia". 11,36. 



[Col. \\'illiam Byrd, from his home at the falls of James River, carried 
on a great trade with the Indians, and was himself an explorer, going 
in 1671 as far west as the Totero Town, near the present Salem, Va. 
Through his trade he doubtless came into contact with Indians who 
lived at a great distance westward. One of these must have brought 
the priest's letter. As early as 1688, Byrd had information of the de- 
scent of the French into the Mississippi Valley. See Alvord and Bidgood's 
First Explorations of the Trans-Allegheny Region by the Virginians.] 

From the Manuscripts of George Wingfield Digby, Esq. 
Sir J. Digby to Sir T. Edmondes. 

Jan. 24, 1611, from Madrid "And it is thought that 4,000 men shipped 
out of Portugall shall goe for Flanders, which I thinke to bee ye most 
likely, though some give yt out, that thei shall goe for Virginia". 

Sir J. Digby to W. Trumbull. 

April 28, 1612, from Madrid. "The Spaniards bite the lipp againe at 
Virginia and ye Northwest passage." 

Sir J. Digby to Sir D. Carleton. 

June 20, 1612, from Madrid. "The Spaniards are very much displeased 
with our discovery of the North West passage, but more particularly 
with our plantation in Virgi lia." 

Sir J. Digby to Sir D. Carleton. 

Sept. 12, 1612, from Madrid. "There is nothing more generally spoken 
of in this Courte as their intent to remove our plantation in Virgkiia. 
And for m.yne owne parte I am of beleife that ye Spai'iiards will serve 
us, as thei did ye Frenchroaii in Florida, unless wee undertake ye business 
m-uche more thoroughly and roundely then hitherto wee have donne. 
But heerof thei have had sufficient warning in Englande". 

vSir J. Digby to Sir T. Edmxondes. 

Oct. 10, 1612, from Madrid. "Not only the Kii^gs gallics of Spain and 
Italy, but likewise his fleet of ships are to m.eet him there rPortuoal] 
and divers regiments of soldiers will attend him. The vulgar rur-or is 
that these forces are to be used against our Plantations in Virginia. 

"Now there is newes, come both from Lisborne& Sevill yt ye Spaniards 
have certaiiily ovethrowen our people in Virginia with a fleete & army, 
w'ch thei sent from, ye Havana. And very many particulars bothe of 
yeassaulting & of ye Englishe defending are related. But for myne owne 
parte, I hold this like the reste, to bee alltogeather untrue. And the 
State heere gives m.e full assurance that there is no suche thing". 

fUiitil the publication of the works of Alexander Brown, Virginia 
historians had not realized the great danger to which the infant colony 
of Virginia was constantly exposed from a Spanish attack.] 



From the Manuscripts of the Duke of Portland. 
Ralph, Lord Eure to Sir Robert Harley. 

1608, May 28, The Virginia ship is returned, and Captain Newport 
has brought over Captain Wingfield, formerly governor of the English 
landed there, now accused of some treachery but not yet tried. 

H. Norwood to Colonel Harley. 

1660, Sept. 26, Wniten all— Asking him to support his request to his 
Excellency (the Duke of Albemarle) for the Command of two Companies 
of the Duke of Buckingham's regim.ent now at Dunkirk. 

[Col. Henry Norwood, royalist officer, came to Virginia in 1649. He 
was for many years treasurer of Virginia; though non-resident. See this 
Magazine I, 453 &c.] 

Denis Lee Repos to Sir Robert Harley, Brampton. 

1666, April 14, London— According to your command I have bought 
six pounds of the best Virginia tobacco in the leaf, at twenty pence the 

From the Manuscripts of Earl Cowper. 

1635, May 7. (James Town, Virginia)— John Harvey to Mr. Kemp. 

Mr. K.em.p— These are in His Majesty's name to will and require you 
that upon the first sitting of the Council and Country now gathered 
together that you declare unto them that their assembly is unlawfully 
called and grounded upon mutiny and rebellion. I strictly charge all 
manner of persons that have been called thereon to that, upon pain of 
death, v/ithout further consultation had, they betak^-them.selves like 
obedient subjects peaceably to their several homes, and seeing their 
agents are gone for England, to expect His Majesty's will and pleasure 
thereon. Moreover I strictly commiand them of this assembly to make 
present answer whether those persons be the first authors of laying 
violent hands on and deposing His Majesty's lieutenant and substitute 
from his charge and trust; som,e of the Couiicil charging him_ with treason; 
and those samiC other insolent persons seek to cloud their inveterate 
malice and contempts to government under false pretences of general 
good, which hath been evermore the colour and shadow of all rebellions. 
Therefore in their fear of God and obedience to the king I forewarn 
them not to run headlong upon certain ruin of themselves and their 

[For his oppressive conduct Governor Harvey was deposed by 
the Council. That body then called a meeting of the Burgesses, and 
the Assembly then organized, met on May 7, 1635, and confirmed the 
action of the Council. Harvey's orders, through Secretary Kem.p, were 
ignored. See this Magazine I, 416-430]. 

1839, July 11— Sir Francis Wiatt to Mr. Weckherlin, Secretary to Mr. 
Secretary Coke, at the Court. 



My suit is that my instructions may be signed by His Majesty and 
returned to me; being at the point of beginning my voyage I have de- 
posited with Mr. Lucas six pieces for Mr. Secretary and four for yourself, 
which I desire you to accept. Pray be pleased to direct them to me at 
Mr. Mordaimt's house at the sign of the Golden Gridiron by the May 
Pole in the Strand. 

1639, July 11— Sir Francis Wiatt (Governor of Virginia) to Sir J. Coke, 
Principal Secretary of State. 

I present my instructions, having passed the examination of the Sub- 
Commissioners for Foreign Plantations * * * together with the 
names of such persons as their Lordship approve of as fit to be of the Coun- 
cil in Virginia * * * For the place of Muster Master Captain John West 
(a gentleman of noble quality) is an humble suitor to His Majesty, who 
being recomm-ended by my Lord of Holland I presume not, to add any- 
thing in his behalf. I am now ready for my voyage, which His Majesty's 
service with the tim.e of the year call upon me to hasten 
Within— Draft by Sir J. Coke of his answer of 22d: I now send you back 
your ijistructions signed by His "Majesty, with the name of Captain 
John West inserted for your Muster Master in His Majesty's own hand- 
writing * * * In wishing you a prosperous voyage with honour and con- 
tentment in your employment, I commend you to God's protection. 

Sir Francis Wyatt (1588-1644) of Boxley Abbey, Kent, was Governor 
of Virginia, 1621-1626, and 1639-42. His brother, Rev. Haute Wyatt 
was minister at Jam.estown 1621-26, and has many descendants in Vir- 
ginia. See this Magazine III, 177-180. Capt. John West, formerly 
Governor of Virginia, was a brother of Lord Delaware. Sir John Coke's 
elder brother. Sir Francis Coke, of Trusley, had a great grandson, John 
Coke, who emigrated to Virginia, and was ancestor of the family here.] 


Inventory of Charles Lynch, 1753. 
Will of WiUiam Phelps, 1749. 
\Vill of William Arrington, proved Nov. 1749. 
John Fleming, Deputy Clerk of Albem,arle 1749. 
Will of Thomas Phelps proved May 1754. 
Will of Robert Rose, Clerk. 
Will of George fX] Brock proved Feb. 1752. 
Will of Arthur Osborn proved July 1752. 
Will of James Robertson proved June 1752. 
Inventory & account of estate of Wentworth Webb, deceased. 
Deed, Feb. 12, 1750, from Samuel Glover, of Albemarle County to 
William Spencer of same. 

Deed to Thomas Rodes, of St. Martins parish, Louisa Co., June 2, 1749. 



Deed, May 8, 1749, from Edmund Gray to John Saunders both of 
Albemarle, conveying land on Willis's River said Gray bought from 
William Gray. 

Deed from John Smith, of Goochland Co., to John Smith Jr., of Albe- 
m.arle, Nov. 1749. 

Deed from. Edmund Gray, gent., of Albem.arle County to William 
Gray, gent, of New Kent County, for 34 negroes, Oct. 5, 1749. 

Deed, April 1750, from Rev. Robert Rose of Albemarle, to John Wilcox, 
of Urbanna, Middlesex Co., mariner, conveying 1020 acres on Tye Pviver. 

Deed, August 1750, to Hardin Burnley of Hanover Co. 

Deed, Aug. 1750 to Peter Eondurant of Albemiarle. 

Deed, Aug. 1750, from. Isaac Bates of Albemjarle. 

Deed, Feb. 12, 1750 from. Charles Dewis, Sr., gent., and Mary his wife, 
of Goochland Co. 

Deed Feb. 1750 from James Nevell of Albemarle to John Cobbs of same. 
Deed, July 1731, from Tyree Harris, of Douisa Co., for land granted 
him. in 1749. 

Deed, Nov. 12, 1751, from Darkin Smith and Mary his wife, of Albe- 
marle Co., conveying land in Albemarle where said Smith lives, 150 
acres part of the land left him by his father Joseph Smith, deceased. 

-Deed, Nov. 12, 1751 from. William \x] Barrett of Albemarle to Robert 

Deed, March 13, 1752 from Robert Barrett of Albem.arle to David 
Crav.'ford of Hanover, conveying 200 acres part of a grant to William. 

Deed, May 1752 from George Nicholas of Dinwiddle Co., to David 
Scott, of Cumberland Co., conveying 500 acres on north side of Fluvanna 
River, being a part of a grant of 2600 acres to George Nicholas, late of 
Williamsburg, deceased, in January 1729. 

Deed, Feb. 1752 from Charles Lynch and Sarah his wife, of Albem.arle. 

Deed from, Robert Thomson, of Southam parish, Cumberland, to his 
son Robert Thomson of Albemarle, conveying 1045 acres in Albemarle 
on the south side of River. 

Similar deed to son Josiah Thomson. 

Will of James Nevil, dated March 1752, proved Nov. 1752, legatees 
son James, "to my son Cornelius Thomas the son of Lucy Nevil", 
daughter Betheniah wife of John Allen, daughter Johanna Brown, son 
John Brown, Johanna Browns eldest daughter, daughter Hannah Mat- 
thews, daughter Mary Douglas, daughter Martha Nevill, daughter 
Elizabeth Nevill, daughters Judith and Sally Nevill, wife Lucy Nevill 
no doubt Cornelius was a step son and John Brown a son-in-law j. 

Will of Isaac Bates, dated Dec. 31, 1747, proved Dec. 1752, legatees: 
sons John and Isaac, daughters Anna, Lucy and Elizabeth, wife Elizabeth- 

Vv^ill of Charles Lynch, dated Oct, 9, 1752, proved May 10, 1753, lega- 
tees: eldest son Charles, sons John, Christopher and Ed\'vard, wife 
Sarah, daughter Sarah Lynch. 


Will of Peter Jefferson, dated July 13, 1757, proved Oct. 13, 1757, 
leg,atees: wife Jane, sons Thomas and Randolph, daughters Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Martha, Lucy and Ann Scott Jefferson. 

His inventory contains 24 titles of books, and also mape, &c. 

Will of John Cocke, dated June 12, 1753, proved Aug. 9, 1759, legatees: 
brother Thomas Turpin, nephew William Moseley, niece Mary Goode, 
• sister Mary and her husband Robert Goode, niece Mary Branch. 

Will of Robert Napier, proved May 1763. 

Will of Robert Harris, dated June 1745, proved Aug. 1765, legatees; 
sons Tyree Harris &c. 

Will of Thomas Read, dated Aug. 25, 1763, proved Oct. 10, 1765, leg- 
atees: wife Margaret, sons Thomas and John, daughters Mary and 
Hannah Read, wife, brother Alexander Read and Cousin Alexander Read, 

Will of William Sanders, dated Oct. 8, 1760, proved Nov. 8, 1764, 
legatees: wife Mary, son Julius, granddaughter Mary Henson, grandsons 
Clayton and John Sanders, Philip Henson, executor. 

Inventory of Captain Joseph Thomson, June 1766. 

Will of William Wallace proved Nov. 1766. 

Will of Arthur Hopkins, physician, dated May 31, 1765, proved March 
10, 1766, legatees: wife Elizabeth, sons Samuel, John and Arthur, to 
married daughters and their husbands, the slaves he had given them., 
sons William and Jamxcs, daughter Isabella, His son-in-law Col. Joseph 
Cabell, guardian of his children. 

Will of John Harvie, dated June 4, 1767, proved Feb. 11, 1768, legatees: 
wife Martha, children John, Daniel, William., Martha, Elizabeth and 
Jane; to eldest son P.ichard part of testators Aberfoyle tract; daughter 
Mary Meriwether. 

Will of Maury proved Aug. 1769. 

W^ill of John [x] Farrar, dated Oct. 21, 1764, proved Aug. 20, 1769, 
legatees: son Perrin, his plantation he (Perrin) lives on, daughter Cath- 
erine Joplin, sons Peter, Thomas and Robert, daughter Elizabeth Farrar. 

Will of Edwin Hickman, dated Feb. 4, 1758, Codicil June 30, 1769 
(when son Richard was dead), proved Nov. 1769. Legatees: sons James, 
Edwin, Richard, William and Thomas, daughters Suanna, Letice. and 
Martha Hickman. 

George Thon^pson's account as administrator of Joseph Thompson, Jr., 
deceased, 1759-1766, mentions the widow and children. 

Inventory of Rev. Maury, 400 titles books & 44 pan phlets, 
March 1770. 

Will of Nicholas Meriwether dated Dec. 1772, proved April 1773, 
legatees: son Charles and son Francis Thornton Meriwether lands in 
Bedford, sons Thomas and Nicholas Hunter Meriwether, wife Margaret, 
son Wm. Douglas Meriwether, Rev. William Douglas, Nicholas Lewis 
and brothers Francis and David Meriwether executors. 

Will of W^illiam Blackwell, wife and children (not named), wife and 
sons Armistead and William executors, dated May 23, 1774, proved 
March 1775. 



Will of John Rodes [x] , proved Oct. 1775. 
Will of Giles Allegre, proved April 1776, 

Will of Robert Thomson, dated Nov. 12, 1774, proved June 1778, 
wife and son David were dead, son Robert, daughters Jean Crenshaw, 
Hannah Epperson, Judith Mallory, Sarah Brown and Susannah Statham, 
Daughters Mary Davis and Elizabeth Langford had already received 
their parts. 

Will of Jane Jefferson, proved Oct. 1778, daughter Ann Scott, daughter 
Elizabeth, all children. 


(See this Magazine XXII, 424, 425; XXIII, 316, 317) 
There seem to have been three members of the Clifton family of Ly tham 
and Clifton who emigrated to Virginia. James Clifton, son of Thomas Clif- 
ton, of Westby, Lancashire, probably cam.e to Virginia under the auspices 
of another Catholic, George Brent, as he appears as a "head right" in a 
land grant to the latter in 1677. In this grant (which was near the present 
Alexandria) it is stated to adjoin another to Clifton. Clifton 
married Anne, eldest daughter of George Brent, of Defford, Worcester- 
shire, and sister of George Brent, of ' 'Woodstock' ' , Va. This Clif- 
ton had several children and returned to England, where he died in 1714. 
( Va . Mag. Hist . & Biog. XXII, ^23; XXIII, 317). His son Cuthbert {ib . 
XXII, W) had a son William_, who also emigrated to Virginia, where 
he married his cousin, Elizabeth, daughter of Robert Brent, of "Wood- 
stock' ' . There is recorded in Prince V.' illiam County a deed dated, No\ . 
15. 1739, from George Erent of Stafford County, gent, to William Clifton 
of Truro Parish, of Prince William Co., gent, conveying 500 acres. When 
Fairfax County was formed from Prince William, William Clifton became 
a resident of that county, and apparently died intestate, in or before 
1772. His widow Elizabeth did not long survive him. Her will was 
dated Nov. 26, 1772 and proved in Fairfax May 17, 1773. She speaks of 
herself as relict of William Clifton. She gave her daughter Ann Slaugh- 
ter a tract of land in Fairfax and another in Stafford, for her life, and 
then to her granddaughters, Elizabeth Brent Slaughter and Eleanor 
Clifton Slaughter, and if they died without issue, to her cousin Henry 
Brent, and in default of him, to Ann Brent. She gave her cousins Will- 
iam, and Robert Brent, of Stafford County 31 slaves and all stock, house- 
hold furniture &c; but daughter Ann Slaughter to choose any 13 of them. 
The daughter Ann had married Thomas Slaughter. With her ended this 
line of the Cliftons. 

Thomas Clifton, son of and Ann (Brent) Clifton, was born in 
1675, entered the Society of Jesus in 1698; but left it in 1699. It would 
seem that he determined to remain a layman and is the only 
Clifton who would appear to be identical with the man of the name soon 
afterwards in Virginia. George Brent, of "Woodstock" in his will, 
dated Sept. 1, 1700, left "my cousin" Thomas Clifton a horse, and 



Clifton witnessed the will. Being a witness and the gift of a horse would 
prove that Thos Clifton was then in Virginia. By deed dated Aug. 31, 
1703, Thomas Clifton of vStafTord Comity, conveyed 200 acres called 
Clifton's Xeck at Plum Tree Point, Stafford. Thomas Clifton married 
Sarah, daughter of John Ashton and widow of Philip Alexander. After 
Thos. Clifton's death she married * * * McGill. The Stafford records 
show that in July 1706 the estate of Philip Alexander, deceased, was 
divided at the house of Mr'. Thomas Clifton. Sarah Clifton made choice 
of a negro and was to pay certain sums to Alexander's daughters. The 
destruction of so many of the records of Stafford prevents us from know- 
ing the date of death of Thomas Clifton. On Oct. 10, 1749, Burdet 
Clifton presented for probate the will of Sarah McGill. The will of 
Sarah McGill, dated Nov. 1748, was proved in Stafford Nov. 19, 1749. 
Her legatees were ner son Philip Alexander, son Burdet Clifton, negroes 
&c to be divided between his children at his death; grandson Burdet 
Clifton, granddaughter Juditn Clifton; refers to " mourning ring left me 
by my brother Renry Ashton." 

Thomas and Sarah (.'ishton) Clifton had an only son Burdet Clifton, 
born June 29, 1708, died 1760. He miarried (I) Frances Hill, July 15, 
1732; (II) Grace Seaton, May 18, 1745 {St. Pauls Parish Register); (III) 
Mildred * * * On July 11, 1761 the will of Burdet Clifton was pre- 
sented to Stafford Court for probate by Thom^as Clifton his heir at law, 
was adjudged suffciently proved and Thos. Clifton appointed adminis- 
trator with Burdet Clifton and Francis Dade securities. This was ap- 
parently not the will finally proved as the one recorded was dated Dec. 
2, 1760, and proved July 3, 1760 "pursuant to a mandamms out of the 
vSecretary's GfFxce". This will gave to son Thomas Clifton land testator 
purchased of Joseph King and two negroes; to wife Mildred, plantation 
he lived on, for her life, 2 negroes, one third of stock, certain furniture 
&c; son William said plantation after his mothers death, and also land 
testator purchased of Wm. Rose and Hayward Todd. Daughter Ann 
one negro; daughter Elizabeth one negro, and certain stock, furniture &c; 
son Burdet £2.10. 

Issue (1st m.arriage) 1. Thomas, born April 20, 1734; 2. Burdet; 3. 
Baldwin (twins), born Feb. 3, 1730; 4. Anne, bom Aug. 24, 1737; 5. Jane; 
6. Elizabeth (twins), born May 14, 1743; (2d marriage); Henry, born 
March 17, 1746; 8. Charles, bom Dec. 12, 1747. 

There are probably m.any descendants of this famaly — the St. Pauls 
Register gives the birth on Feb. 3, 1758, of John, son of Thomas and Ann 
Clifton * * * ; but for the only line of which we have knowledge: we are 
indebted to Mrs. Goode King Feldhouser, of St. Paul,, Minn. Burdett 
Clifton (born 1736) served in the P.evolution, and removed to Kentucky. 
He married Rebecca, daughter of Howson Kcnner (who died 1770) and 
had issue: 1. Bryan, who married Polly Harris, in Ky.; 2. I'^owson, 
married Nancy Brashlan in Ky.; 3. Sarah, married at Barostown, Ky., 
July 12, 1792, John Edwards King (afterwards General); 4. Rodham 
married in Ky.; 5. Thomas; 6. Mildred, married Jesse Grigsby. 





In tnis M?gc' zine, XIV, 326, v/?s printed ?n abstr?ct of the will of 
Ishpni Randolph, of "Dungeness", Goochland County, which showed 
that his wife, Jane Rogers, an Englishwoman, had an interest in an 
estate called Denton, in the Bishopric of Durham, which had belonged 
to William Lilburne, Esq., desceased. As Isham P.andolph was the 
grandfather of Thomas Jefferson it was suggested that it would be in- 
teresting to discover whether there was any relation to John Lilburne, 
the famous English radicrl of tne Seventeenth centruy. Through the 
kindness of various correspondents this relation can now be shown. In 
XXV, 407 several papers from English Chancery suits (contributed by 
Mr. Cullfcton of London), were printed, which showed that William 
Lilburne, of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, owned collieries at Denton, and that 
he died leaving a widow Elizabeth, and (among other chioldren) a 
daughter, Jane, who married Charles Rogers. The venerable Judge 
Jonn Lilburne Thomas, and his nephew, Mr. Frank Trumbull, of N'ew 
York, have allowed us to use data collected for them in England, 
which they had used, in condensed form, in the privately printed "Ma- 
ternal Ancestry of Frank Trumibull." We are also indebted to Mr. 
William P. Greenlaw, of the New England Historic Genealogical Society 
for a copy of the Lilburne pedigree in the Visitation of Northumberland 
1686. The pedigree is certified by William. Lilburne in behalf of his 
father George Lilburne. In addition to this visitation, that of Durham, 
1615, Hutchinson's History of Durhamx and the Dictionary of National 
Biography have been used. 

1. JohnI Lilburne, of Thickley Punchardon Co. Durham (Arms: 
Argent, three water bougets sa., a crescent gu), m.arried Isabel 
Wortley and had issue: 

2. Richard'^; 3. George^; 4. Joseph2, of Sunderland-by-the 

Sea, who had a daughter Isabel, wife of 


2. Rickard2 Lilburne, eldest son, of Thickley Punchardon. He 
m.arried Margaret, daughter of Thomas Hixon, Yeoman of the 

Wardrobe to Queen Elizabeth, and died 1657. Issue: 
5. Robert^, born 1613, was an active and gallant officer 
in the Parliamientary Army, rising to the rank of 
colonel. Lie was one of the Regicides and was M. P. 



for the East Riding of Yorkshire 1656. At the Res- 
toration he WPS imprisoned and died in prison at St. 
Michael's Island about August, 1665. 

6. John^, born about 1614, at Greenwich and was pppren- 

ticed to a London merchant, 1630-36. In 1638 he was 
fined £500, whipped, pilloried and imprisoned until 
he should make confession, on a charge of contumcy 
to the Star Chamber. The provocation had been 
that he had circulated Puritan books. When the w?r 
broke out he entered the Parliam.entary Army as ? 
captain, fought at Edgehill, was captured at Brent- 
ford, exchanged 1643, becam.e major and lieutenant 
colonel, but retired in April 1645, because he 
would not take the Covenant. He opposed 
alike the claim.s of Parliament and Cromwell to 
supreme power and suffered a long im.prison- 
ment for attacking what he reagrded as an un- 
just decision against his uncle George Lilburne in ? 
case involving coal lands. He died, a prisioner, at 
Eltham, Aug. 29, 1657. The Dictionary of 
Biography says "Lilbume's political importance is 
easy to explain. In a revolution where others argued 
about the respective rights of king and parliair.ent, 
he spoke' always of the rights of the people. I'is 
;- dauntless courage and his pov/ers of speech made hi-n 
tne idol of the mob. With Coke's Institutes in his 
hand he was ready to tackle any tribunal. He was 
ready to assail any abuse at any cost to himself." 

7. Henry^, served the Parliament in Manchester's a.rr y, 

and was in 1647, lieutenant colonel of his brother 
Robert's regiment; but declared for the King in 
August 1648, and was killed at the recapture of T^-ne- 
mouth Castle, of which he was govenor. 
3. George^ Lilburne, borne 1585, living 1681, of Sunderland-by-the 
Sea. He miarried (1) Jane Chambers, of Cleydon, Durham; (11) 
Eleanor, daughter of Richard Hicks, of Whitebume, Durhar.^ 

Issue (Istm): 8. George^, merchant of London; 9. Thomas^, 
of Ufferton, Durham; was a stout Cromwellian as 
long as the Protector lived; but in 1660, assisted 
Fairfax against Lambert, married Margaret Richard- 
son of the Co. of Durham and died s. p. March 24, 

1665; 10. Mary, wife of John Greenwell, son of 

Greenwell, merchant of Lonfon; 11. Jane, wife of 
Jacob Tooley, citizen of London; (by 2d m.): 12. 
John•^ citizen of London, married Isabel, daughter of 
Richard Quiney, citizen of London (one of the owners 



of Martins Brandon, Va., and a brother of Thomas 
Quiney, who married Shakespeare's daughter Judith); 
13. William'^ ;U. James^; 15. Richard^, "son of George 
Lilburne of Sunderland, Esq.," admitted to Grays 
Inn, Feb. 10, 1654; 16. Jeremiah^; 17. Isabel,wife of 
Benjamin Ellerson, merchant of Newcastle; 18. Eliza- 
beth wife of William Pell, Clerk. 
13. William^ Ltlburne, born 1636, was of Newcastle-upon-Tyne; 
described in the visitation of 1666, as a b?rrister of Grays Inn. 
On Oct. 21, 1650 and Oct. 21, 1652, as "son of George Lilburne, of 
Sunderland, Esq." he was admitted to Grays Inn. He was admit- 
ed a freeman of New Castle, July 1674. The register of the parish 
of St. Nicholas, New Cattle, contains the marriage, Aug. 21, 1662, 
of "Mr. William Lilburne, Counsellor, and Elizabeth, daughter of 
Christopher Nicholson, m.erchant." His will was dated Jan. 3, 
1681-2 and he died Jan. 17th. His legatees were his sons, WilHabi, 
Robert, Benjamin (died in 1694), and daughters Eleanor, Jane, 
Elizabeth, Alice, Mary, Isabel and Ann. He owned land in 
Sunderland and one eighth of the Kenton collieries. The will of 
his widow, Elizabeth, was dated 1715 and proved 1721. In the 
v/ill she recites her husbands devise of £600 to her, charged on land 
in vSunderland, and the Kenton collieries, which had not been 
paid. She therefore devises it to her daughter, Eleanor Lil- 
burne, whom she m.ade executrix. 
Willit m3 and Elizabeth Lilburne had issue: 

19. Vv'illiam*, probably the Wm. Lilburne of New Castle, 
administration on whose estate was granted, Dec. 
1722, to Robert Lilburne of Grays Inn; 20. Robert, 
probably of Grays Inn 1722; 21. Benjamin^ (died in 
1694); 22. Eleanor, her mothers executrix and chief 
legatee. She died unmarried, and later her sister, 
Alice Lilburne of the parish of St. Giles in the Fields, 
Middlesex, spinster, was appointed to adm^inister on 
sucn of her mothers goods as were left unadministered 
by Eleanor Lilburne. On Sept. 16, 1724, Jane Linton, 
nee Lilburne, wife of John Linton, and sister of Eleanor 
Lilburne, of St. Andrews, in New Castle, qualified as 
administratrix of Eleanors estate; 23. Jane, married 
(I) between 1694 and 1709, Charles Rogers, and (II) 
William or John Linton (the name is given in different 
ways in two papers); 25. Elizabeth; 26. Mary, married 
Thomas Atkinson; 27. Isabel, m.arried Ralph Har- 
grave; 28. Anne. 

The following from chancery proceedings, supplem.ent those con- 
tributed by Mr. CuUeton. 



Chancery Decree. (Enrolled) 1430 M. 3. 

Elizabeth Lilburne widow ,Mich. Term 1694 exhibited bill of com- 
plpint pgainst William, Robert, Elinor, Jane, Elizabeth, Alice, Mary, 
Isabell and Anne Lilburne and others, stating that her kte husband, 
W illiam Lilburne, Esq., being seized of lands at Sunderland Co. Dur- 
ham, on Gunnerton and lands and colliery at Kenton Co. Nirthumbr., 
made will, 13 Jan. 1681, (he died 17 June following) leaving complainent 
£600 and the lands in Sunderland and Gunnerton for life, valued at £200 
per an., the value to be made up cut of the Kenton property should it 
fall short, the reversion of lands in Sunderland and Gunnerton to his sons, 
sd. William, and Robert, and Benjamin (now dead); £700 apiece to 
daughters, sd. Elianor, Jane and Elizabeth; £500 apeace to daughters 
sd. Alice, Mary and Isabell; £400 to sd. daughter Anne. On account of 
debts, the complainant had not received her legacy and the lands in 
Sunderland and Gunnerton fall short of £200 per. an. She tnerefore 
prayed that the Kenton property nnght be sold. 

Mich. 1704. sd. William and Robert Lilburne, Charles Rogers and vx ife 
Jane (late Jane Lilburne) Alice, Ist belle, Mary and Anne Lilburne, 
entered bill against Elizabeth Lilburne, widow, and Elinor Lilburne. 
Jane married Charles Rogers the younger and Elizabeth died before 
proceedings were finished, making Jane, Alice, Isabell and Mary her 

Decree 28 June 1706, for division of profits, etc. at Kenton. 
Report 23 May 1710. 

Deed Poll of plaintiff Elizabeth to Elianor 10 Dec. 1712. 
Report of Master to be heard 9 March 1716 
Report 17 June 1719 Elizabeth Lilburne widoW. 

Robert, William, Eleanor Lilburne, William Linton and wife Jane, 
Alice Lilburne, Thomas Atkinson and wife Mary, Ra^lph Hargrove and 
wife Isabell, and Anne Lilburne. 

Final decree 1 July 5, Geo. 1. 

Charles and Jane (Lilburne) Rogers had a daughter, Jane, possibly 
their only child. The distinguished genealogist, the late W^ilson Miles 
Caty, descovered that she m.arried Isham, Randolph, in 1718, in tne parish 
of White Chapel, London. She is described as of the county of Middle- 
sex and doubtless was living with her mother in the parish of St. Giles, 
in the Fields. 

On Feb. 20, 1720, Jane, daughter of Isham Randolph in Shakespeare's 
Walk, merchant, and Jane his wife, wc s baptized at St. Pauls, Sha dwell. 
She was then 15 days old. She m.arried Peter Jefferson and becam.e the 
mother of the President. 

Mrs. Jane Rogers Linton, the grandmother, and, doubtless, godm.other 
of Jefferson's m.other, was the daughter of a first cousin of "Freeborn 
John" Lilburne, so the connection is not so remote after all 



The Gorsuch and Lovelace Familes 
(By J. H. P., Baltimore, Md.) 

Childern of the Rev. John^ Gorsuch (Daniel^, William^) and his 
Wife Anne Lovelace. (Continued) : 

9. Charles* Gorsuch of Baltimore County and his Descendants 
(Continued) : 

2. John^ Gorsuch (Charles*). He was the eldest son of Charles* Gor- 
such and his wife Sarah Cole, and was apparenty born about 1678 or 1679. 
John^ Gorsuch and his brother Thomas^ Gorsuch received the tract 
Maiden's Choice, 450 acres, under the will of David Jones, 1687, the 
second husband of their aunt Anna^ Gorsuch (ante 24; 436), and March 
11th, 1708-9, as John Gorsuch, carpenter, and Thomas Gorsuch, planter, 
jointly conveyed it to Thomas Cromwell, no wife joining either in the 
deed (Balto. Deeds R. M.: H. S.; 651). John^ Gorsuch appears in the 
List of Taxables as a resident of Upper Patapsco Hundred for 1701,1702 
and 1703, bracketed with his father Charles Gorsuch; in 1704 with fhis 
father] Charles and with This brother] Thomas, and in 1706 with [his 
brother] Robert Gorsuch alone. Charles Gorsuch, Sr., March 3rd, 
1708-9, by a deed of gift conveys to his son John the tract Wneatstone 
[Whetstone J Point, "where I now live", reserving the use during his life 
(idem. R. M.: H. S.; 636). John^ Gorsuch figures in a few other land 
transactions. He and his wife Elizabeth, July 12th, 1717, convey Hunting- 
ton, 146 acres, patented by his father in 1682, to Richard Colgate (idem 
T.R.:A.;508). John^Gorsuch had surveyed for him.self, September 27th, 
1720, 120 acres on the north side of Patapsco near Water Oak Hill, now 
styling himself as planter, and January 23rd, 1721, He and his wife appear 
, to have sold this same tract under thename of Gorsuch's Folly, 114 acres, 
to Alexander Grant (idem. R.M.:H.S.;669). He and his wife Elizabeth, 
vSeptember 23rd, 1723, sold 2 acres bought by his father Charles Gorsuch, 
Sr. in 1711 from Charles Carroll (Balto.Deeds I. S. No.G.;227: Annap. 
■Prov. Ct. Deeds T.P.No.4;75). There is a deed interesting to local 
historians, dated May 28th, 1726-7, from John Gorsuch, planter, no wife 
joining, to Edward Fell, m.erchant, in whicn for five pounds sterling he 
confirms the title of Fell to part of Cole's Harbour, the site of Baltimore 
Town, which had been sold by his father Charles* in 1679 (Balto. Deeds 
I. R.: P.P.; 46). John Gorsuch, no wife joining, conveyed April 6th, 1731, 
to Lloyd Harris lot No.56, he had taken up January 21st, 1729-30, in Balti- 
more Town (Balto.Deeds LS.: No.L.;114). The mheritance in 1733 by 
this John^ Gorsuch of the tract "Gorsuch", 500 acres, in what is nov/ Can- 
ton, near Baltimore, as the "cousen and heir at laW" of a certain Robert 
Gorsuch, who was probably his nephew, and which he imm^ediately sold 
to Benjamin Takker and others, has already been exhalistively gone into 
(ante 24; 217-221 : also 26; 222) . 



Very little is really known in regard to John^ Gorsuch. Described in 
1709 as "carpenter", in 1717 and thereafter he is referred to only as 
"planter". It is not known whether or not ne was a Quaker. Ke appears 
in the county court records as a member of the Grand Jury 1719. Ke 
married sometime prior to August 12th, 1717, a wife Elizabeth, whose 
far ily name is not known, and who was certainly living as late as Sept- 
ember 23rd, 1723. John^ Gorsuch sold nearly all the land which he 
recei\ed as heir at law of his father, except one tract Dickinson, 100 
acres, whicn finally passed to his son Charles^ Gorsuch, who describing 
hin^self "as the son of John Gorsuch", sold it July 21st, 1743. John^ Gor- 
such acquired only one tract by patent, Gorsuch's Folly, and does not 
slppe9T once in the records as ? purchaser of land. As stated above he 
probably died in 1733, as his brother Thomas^ Gorsuch succeeded him 
September 10th, 1733 as administrator de bonis non of tne estate of Robert 
Gorsuch, upon v/hich John^ had administered August 2nd, 1733 (see ante 
24; 218-220), but was certainly dead before July 21st, 1743. He left no 
will, and his estate does not appear to have been administered upon. 
There v/as probably more than one cnild, his son Charles®, as there were 
several unidentified individuals in Baltimore County bearing the nam.e 
Gorsuch who appear in the Census of 1790, and who by exclusion would 
seem to be descendants of this John^ Gorsuch*. 

Issue of John^ Gorsuch (Charles)* and his wife Elizabetii : 

5. i. Charles® Gorsuch (John^, Charles^). Born about 1720. Died 

Married 1st Susanna . Married 2nd Margaret Plarvey 

ante 1766. Issue by both wives. 

3. Thorn a s^ Gorsuch (Charles*). ITe was the second son of Charles* 
Gorsuch and his wife Sarah Cole. Sundry depositions show that he v,-as 
born between 1678 and 1680. tie received the tract Maiden's Choice 
jointly with his brother John under the will of David Jones, 1687, which 
they sold in 1708-9 (ante 25; 436: see also John^ Gorsuch). As his father 
Charles* Gorsuth died intestate, he inherited no land. 

Thomas^ Gorsuch purchased two tracts of land in Baltim.ore County, 
viz: July 7th, 1731, Ensor's Choice, 100 acres, adjoining Darley Hall 
[nea.r tne present Clifton Park] from. John Ensor; and 1737 part of the 
tract Friendship, 120 acres, on Bea\er Dam Eun, from "W illiam Rogers 
(Balto. Deeds I.S.:No.L.;145: I.S.:I.K.;402). He also patented two 
tracts, viz: Nathan's Forrest, 100 acres, 1729, at the head of Gwynn's 
Falls (Md. Patents I.L.B.,263: P.L.;No.8;41), whicn he sold in 1737; and 
Lovelies [Loveless's[ Addition, 100 acres, 1731, [on what is now the Hillen 
Road], adjoining Ensor's Choice, (idem E.I.,No.3; 80, 298). By deed of 
gift Gorsuch, Sr., planter, of Baltimore County, February 14th, 
1752, conveyed Loveley's [Loveless'sl Addition, 100 acres, to his "son 

*Philip Gorsuch, Lewis Gorsuch and Daniel Gorsuch, whose names 
appear in the "Census of 1790" as heads of families in Baltimore County, 
were probably sons or grandsons o} this John^ Gorsuch (Charles*) . 



Thomas Gorsuch" (idem T.R.;No.D.,278); and the s?me d?te, Ensor's 
Choice, lOOscres, to his "son John Gorsuch" (idem. 279), but these tracts 
were resur\eyed into one tract of 160 acres, and patented by these two 
sons jointly in 1759 as Gorsuch' s Regulation (Md.Pa tents B.C.No.l2;318). 

The connection between this^ Gorsuch and the Robert Gor- 
such, whose estate he administered upon in 1733, has already been dis- 
cussed (atite 24;218). Am.cng numerous depositions showing his age, 
Thomas^ Gorsuch deposes in an im.portant suit August 6th, 1772, that he 
was then "aged 90 or 91 years" (Balto.Co. Court Proc.H.W.S.; No.4; 
147,268,338,354. Balto.Deeds A.L.No.E.; 283), and made his will in 1774 
when about 94 years old. 

The family Bible of nis grandson Robert^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomt s^), 
who was born in 1757, contains the entry, "Thomas Gorsuch and Jane 
Ensor was married tne 19th of August, 1714". There is no reason what- 
ever to question the authenticity of this entry, although the writer has 
been unable to confirm it by independent proof from the public records. 
Jane Ensor was probat>ly the sister of John Ensor of Darley Hall, the 
founder of the Baltimore County famdly of this name, from whom Thomf s» 
Gorsuch in 1731 purcht sed Ensor's Choice adjoining, and they were 
probably both children of John Ensor of Anne Arundel County who died 
about 1709 (Annap. Invents.30; 508). John Ensor was in 1772 aged about 
79 years (Annap. Chanc.Rec.l784-1786;14,283), and his will dated April 
10th, 1771, was proved March 11th, 1773. 

The will of Thorn a s^ Gorsuch, of Baltim.ore County, planter, dated 
vSepterober 23rd, 1774, was proved November 4th, 1774 (Balto.Wills;3, 
302): I, Thomafe Gorsuch of Baltimore County being in reasonably good 
health, etc. He leaves to his beloved wife Jane certain slaves and the 
use of his dwelling plantation during her life. Unto his son Loveless 
Gorsuch nis portion of the tract Friendship [on Beaver Dam Run] and 
certain slaves. To nis daughters Elizabeth Kelly and Mary Simpkins and 
his grandson Robert Gorsuch each a slave. Imm.ediately after the death 
of his wife Jane a moiety each to his sons and John in the tracts 
Ensor's Cnoice and Loveless Addition. Jane Gorsuch was a witness. 

Thomas^ Gorsuch seems to nave been a fairly prosperous planter. He 
was probably a Quaker. His "dwelling plantation" at the time of his 
death consisted of the two adjoining tracts Ensor's Choice and Lovelies 
TLoveless's] Addition, although the legal title was in his sons Thomas^ 
and John^. It seems probable that the only children of^ Gorsuch 
and his v/ife Jane Ensor are the three sons and two daughters named in 
his will. The date of the death of his wife Jane, who appears to have sur- 
vived her husband, is not known. 

Issue of Thomas^ Gorsuch (Charles*) and his wife Jane Ensoro: 
6. i Lovelace^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*). Born about 1715. Died 
1783. Married Sarah . Left issue. 



7. ii Thomas^ Gorsuch (Thomas•^ Charles'^). Born about 1720. Died 

1777. Married . Left issue. 

8. iii John« Gorsuch (ThorcasS, Charles^). Born 1730 or 1731. Died 

August 7th, 1808. Married March 11th, 1755, Elizabeth Merryir. an. 
Left issue. 

iv Elizabeth^ Gorsuch (Thon:as^, Charles^). Married ante 1774 
Kelly. Not traced. See will of her father. 

V Mary^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*). Married ante 1774 

Simpkin. Not traced. See will of her father. 
4a Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles*). He was apparently the third son of 
Charles* Gorsuch and his wife Sarah Cole. He was born about 1687, as a 
Baltimore County deposition taken May 30th, 1734, gives his age as then 
47 years, or thereabouts. (B alto. Co. Court Proc. 1727 ;207). As previously 
stated (ante 26;221-222) there is only indirect proof that this Charles 
Gorsuch was the son of Charles* Gorsuch, although he unquestionably 
was, and all evidence so points. He first appears when about 18 years of 
age, in the List of Taxables of Baltimore County for 1706, when as Charles 
Gorsuch, jr. he is bracketed ?s living with fhis father] Charles Gorsuch 
and [his brother] Thomas Gorsuch (Md.Hist.Soc.MSS.). After Charles^ 
Gorsuch, Jr. become of age, the elder Charles* Gorsuch invariably signed 
himself as "'Senr'. This Charles^ Gorsuch and his brother Thomas^, 
signed the inventory of Robert Gorsuch, 1720, "as relations", and again 
in 1733 he signed the inventory of the above Robert's son Robert (ante 

It was unquestionably this Charles^ Gorsuch who June 4th, 1721, on 
the plea that he was not a freeholder, petitioned the court to be relived 
of a fine for his non-appearance as a juror (Balto. Co. Court Proc.LS.;T. 
W.,324), and who was appointed in 1730, 1731, 1732 as overseer of roads 
in Lower Patapsco Hundred from. Herring Run to the Church'St. Paul's' 
(idem H.S.;No.7;52,158,293). August, 1737, he was a memiber of the 
Grand Jury (idem H.W.S.;LA.,No.2, 97). In a deposition, made in 1734, 
giving his age as then 47, he testified as to the bounds of Cole's Addition 
lying on Monteney's [Harford] Run, in what is now Baltim.ore City. 
A desposition by John Ensor, Sr., 1750, shows that Charles Gorsuch, 
about 1732, was living on Monteney's Run on a tract adjoining Cole's 
Addition (idem H.W.S.,No.4;194-198). Sometime prior to 1738 he appears 
to have moved in the Western Run neighborhood near Cockeysville, and 
in 1744 was living on land there rented fromi Charles Carroll (Balto. Leeds 
T.R.:No.C.;170). He had patented in 1724, Gorsuch's Venture on the 
north side of the Patapsco (Md. Patents I.L.;No.A.;550: P.L.;No.6;213). 
He purchased in 1731 from [his father-in-law] John Cole, Bethel, 100 acres 
(Balto. Deeds I.S.:No.K..;328), which he gave to his son John Gorsuch in 
1737 (idem H.W.S.:J.A.;45); and he purchased in 1738, Contrivance to 
Cole's Chance "where said Gorsuch lived" (H.W.S.:I.A.;94). Both tracts 
were the north side of Western Run near the Gunpowder. 



Chares^ Gorsuch appears to have n:arried twice. He was probably 
married as early as 1713. The name of the first wife is not known. The 
connection with Nicholas Rogers miay have come in here. He was cer- 
tainly married as early as 1720 to Sarah Cole. These statements are based 
upon the following evidence. Charles Gorsuch left no will. He probably 
died in 1748 or 1747, as July 14th, 1747, his v/ife Spran Gorsuch bonded as 
his administratrix (Annpp.Test.Proc.32, 109). The inventory filed June 
17th, 1748, by Sarah Gorsuch shows a personal estate of £314; 12; 6, and 
was signed by Nicholas Rogers as "relation" and by John and William 
Gorsuch as "neatest kin" (Balto.Invent.5,306). The accodnt filed by 
Sarah Gorsuch, October 11th, 1751, showsfilialprotionspaidtoGeo. Pick- 
ett married to Barbara Gorsuch, to William Parlett m.a/ried to Sarah 
Gorsuch and to Charles Gorsuch one of the sons; to the other "represent- 
atives of the deceased" for the balance, viz: Sarah, wife of William Par- 
lett, Charles Gorsuch, Barbara Pickett, Elizabeth Gorsuch, Benjabin 
Gorsuch, Mary Gorsuch, David Gorsuch, and Rachael Gorsuch, "all 
children of the deceased". Tnere is also a notation that Jno. Gorsuch, 
Wm. Gorsuch and Hannah wife of Thomas Stansbury, had received their 
share in the life tim.e of the deceased (Ealto.Adm. Accts.,1751). 

In the Register of St. Paul's Church, Baltimore County, are enumerated 
in one grouping the birth records of seven childern of Charles and Sarah 
Gorsuch, born between 1721 and 1737; viz: Sarah, Charles, Barbary, Ben- 
jamin, Elizabeth, David and Mary. This register list, except in that it 
lacks the nam.e Rachael, who wa s apparently the youngest child and born 
after the parents m.oved fromx St. Paul's parish to Western R-un, is ident- 
tical with the group in the administration account not receiving their 
portions until after their father's death. As several of this group were 
then over age or married, it would seem, that the father had pooled the 
interests of his then wife and her own childern as long as possible, and 
had provided before his death for the childern by his first wife. John 
Ensor, Sr., 1750, deposes the t eighteen years before "he beared Charles 
Gorsuch say that his father John Cole showed him a tree bounding on land 
where Gorsuch lived" (Balto.Co.Court Proc.H.W.S.;No.4; 194-198). This 
deposition further shows that John Ensor was also a son-in-k w of JohnCole 
The will of Joseph Coale, dated January 22nd, 1720, and proved March 
13th, 1720, makes a conditional bequest of a tract Daniel's Whimsey to 
"Charles Gorsuch and his neirs by his wife, her name being formerly 
Sarah Cole", and in default to the heirs of Coale and his wife 
Sarah (Ealto.Wills; 1720). This Joseph Coale [Cole s probably an 
uncle of Sarah Gorsuch. This wording supports the supposition that 
Charles^ Gorsuch also had heirs by an earlier wife than Sarah. The will 
of Barbara Broad of Baltimore County, dated January 19th, 1732-3, 
and proved August 7th, 1733, leaves her bed to "my granddaughter Sraan 
Gorsuch, wife of Charles Gorsuch", and makes Charles Gorsuch and 
Thomas Broad executors (Balto. Wills, 2, 285). Barbara Broad, who was 
the widow of John Broad, was the mother by her first husband, Dennis 



Garrett, of Jonannah Garrett, who became the first wife of John Cole, 
Sr. John Cole's will, in v/hich he refers to hinrself as of Cole's Chance, 
Gunpowder, dated November 12th, 1745, was proved November 5th, 
1746. The widow of Ch?rles^ Gorsuch has not been traced further. It 
is not known whetner sne w? s of the sf me famaly as his m^other Sarah 
Cole, who bore the same name. Vv hether Charles^ Gorsuch as a Quaker 
or not is uncertain. Certainly the childern by his second wife v/ere 
registered in St. Paul's. 

Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles*) and his first wife 

9. i John^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Eorn about 1712-1714. 
Died 1796. Married 1735 Mary Price. Had issue. 

10. ii William,^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born about 1715-1718. 

Cied 1797. Married. Had issue. 

iii H'annahe Gorsucn (Charles^ Charles*). Eorn 1712-19. Living 
1751. Married March 2nd, 1735, Tnomas Stansbury (St. Paul's Re- 
gister), the son of Thomas and Jane [Hays] Stansbury. Thomas 
Stansbury was born April 24th, 1714, and died 1798. 

Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles*) and his second wife Sarah Cole: 

iv Saran6 Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born March 21st, 1721 
(St. Paul's Register). Married ante 1751 William. Parlett. William 
Parlett's will, dated August 15th, 1780, was proved October 3rd, 
1780 (Balto. Wills 3, 411). 

11. V Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born October 12th, 

1725 (St. Paul's Register). Died 1792. Married about 1750 Sarah 

. Had issue. 

vi Barbara 6 Gorsuch (Chrrles^, Charles*). Born December 20th, 
1726. Married Feberuary 16th, 1750-1, George Pickett of Balti- 
more County. May have married 2nd Wilkinson. 

12. vii Benjamin^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born October 17tn, 

1730. Name of 1st wife unknown. Married 2nd, July 17th, 
1760 Ea'renhappuck Johnson (St. John's Register). Left issue. 

viii Llizabeth^ Gorsucn (Chf rles^, Cha rles*). Born February 3rd, 
1732. Living 1751 unmarried. 

13. ix DavidG Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born March 2nd, 1734. 

Died 1784. Married about 1760 Elizabeth Hanson. Had issue. 

X Maryfi Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Born November 1st, 1737. 

Living 1751. Not traced, 
xi Rachael^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Probably born about 
1739. Living 1751. Not traced. 
5. Charles^ Gorsuch (Johm^ Charles*). He was the eldest son and heir- 
at-law of John^ Gorsucn, and was born as early as 1720. May 31st, 1742, 
Charles Gorsuch of Baltimore County and his wife Susanna conveyed to 
Philip Jones, Jr. the tract Dickinson, 100 acres, as the son and heir-at- 
law of John Gorsuch, who was the son and of Charles Gorsucn, 



who purchased the tract from William Dickinson (Balto.Deeds T.B. 
No. A, 222). It was ttiis Charles Gorsuch who March 7th, 1743-4 pur- 
chased the tract Canaan, 100 acres, "on the draughts of a branch of 
Jones Falls" from Edward Stevenson, and in 1764 purchased the tract 
Begrudged, 45 acres, from Thomas Cockey and Prudence, his wife, (idem. 
T.B.No.C,436: T.B.No.M,288). 

Charles^ Gorsuch died at an advanced age. His will dated December 
28th, 1796, was proved April 30th, 1806 (Balto.Wills 8, 58). He leaves to 
his wife Margaret all his land for her life, and then to his t^o sons Norman 
and Henry Gorsuch. He ler\es slrves to his sons Norman tnd Henry 
and to his daughters, Averilla Wheeler, Susanna Gorsuch, Margaret 
Pindell and Rachael Worrell. He leaves one snilling each to his son 
John and to his daughter Elizabeth Lane, and to the cnildern of his 
daughter Anne Jones and of his daughter RutJi Barton. He makes his 
son executor. Charles^ Gorsuch m.arried twice. His first wife 
Susanna whose family name is unknown, was living in 1742. He married 
his second wife Margaret before 1765. His second wife was Margaret, 
the daughter of W illiam Harvey of Baltimore County. William Harvey's 
will, dated Jan. I7th,1767, and proved Jan. 14th, 1774, does not name his 
daughters (Balto.Wills 3,273), but tne second administration account, 
June 8th, 1790, shews a payment to Charles Gorsuch who married his 
daughter Margaret (Balto.Adm..Accts.lO,158). From the wording of 
Charles'^ Gorsucn's will, it would appear tnat his childern John Gorsuch, 
Elizabeth Lane, Anne Jones, and Ruth Barton, to whom, he left but one 
shilling each, were probably childern by his wife Susanna, and had al- 
ready been provided for, while Norman Gorsuch, Henry Gorsuch, 
Averilla Wheeler, Susanna Gorsuch, Margaret Pindell and Rachael 
Worrell, were by his wife Margiret Kavery. This supposition is further 
supported by the will of his son Henry^ Gorsuch, 1818, who left his pro- 
perty to his nephews Thomas Pindell and Henry Worrell of Caleb, with 
the residue to his four sisters, Averilla heeler, vSusanna Jones, Margaret 
Pindell and Rachael Worrell, evidently his relations of the whole blood 
(Balto.Wills 11, 66). 
Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch (John^, Charles^) and his 1st wife Susanna 

i. John^ Gorsuch (Charles6, John^, Charles^). Born about 1740- 

1750. Living 1796. Not traced with certainty. It may have 
been this John Gorsuch who married Aug.6th,1767 Mary 
Wright (St.Tnomas's Register). 

ii. Elizabeth ^Gorsuch (CharlesS, John^, Charles*). Married 

John Lane. She was living 1796. 

iii. Anne7 Gorsuch (Charles^, John,^ Charles*). Married William 

Jones as his first wife; she died prior to 1796. They left issue. 
He died Feb. 5th, 1830, aged 83 years (Balto.Gazette Feb.Sth, 
1830; Balto.Willsl3, 352). 



iv. Ruth^ Gorsuch (Charles^, JohnS, Charles*). Married Dec. 20th, 
1770, John Barton (St. John's Register). She died before 1796. 
Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch (John^, Charles*) and his 2nd wife Margaret 

14. V. Norman^ Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*). Married Kitty 
fKeturah] Gorsuch by license Nov. 8th, 1790. He died prior 
to 1831 in Muskingum County, Ohio. 

vi. Henry7 Gorsuch (Charles^, John•^ Charles*). Died 1818. He 

probably did not marry. Lived in Baltimore County. Under 
his will, dated Sept.SOth, 1818, and proved Oct. 14th, 1819, 
he left to his nephew Charles Worrell fson of Caleb] and then 
to his nephew's son Henry Worrell, the lands inherited from 
testator's father fCanaan Resurveyed and Begrudged]; he 
names his nephew Thomas Phidell and various friends. (Balto. 
Wills 11,66) 

vii. Averilla^ Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*). Married 1st 

Mar.5th,1782, John Worrell (St. Paul's Register). Married 
2nd, Nc Wniel Wheeler by license Oct. 9th, 1790. 

viii. Margaret''' Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*). Married 

Thomas Pindell by license June 30th ,1790. 
xi. Susanna''' Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*). Married 

Nicholas H. Jones by license April 3rd, 1799. 
X. Rachael^ Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*). Married Caleb 
Worrell by license May 26th, 1790. 

(To be continued) 




History of Pioneer Kentucky. R. S. Cotterell, Member of the Filson 
Club, of the Kentucky State Historial Society and of the Bradford 
Memorial and Historical Association; Professor of History, 
Western Maryland College, 1917. Johnson & Hardin, Cincinnati, 
pp. 254. 

Mr. Cotterill has prepared what is, no boubt, a valuable work on the 
early history of Kentucky, Its exact value must be left to the special 
students of the subject. He has, however, made some important dis- 
coveries. He finds that "probably never has history exhibited such 
promxinent examples of incompetency and degeneracy as in Colonial 
Virginia," and, naturally, is gratified at the additional discovery that 
Kentucky is not Virginian in origin, in customs or in ideals, and that the 
majority of its settlers were from Pennsylvania, the Shenandoah 
Valley or the western sections of the Carolinas. He roundly denounces 
the "Mother Virginia", myth. When a learned historian discovers 
things there is nothing for the man-in-the-street to do but accept his 
statements. That part of his work (and indeed no part of his work) 
will be questioned here. The real interest of the book lies in another 
direction, and that is in the wonderful and dire power of the Myth. It 
takes control of mens minds and hearts and souls and makes them do 
things against which their consciences revolt and which they struggle 
hard to avoid. 

One would have supposed that against the stem and virtuous ideals 
of Pennsy.vanians and Scotch-Irish the power of the effete Virginia 
east of the Blue Ridge would have been as nothing. If there was any- 
thing on earth a man would feel safe in asserting it would be this; but he 
who makes the assertion reckons without regarding the mighty, the 
hypnotizing power of the Myth. 

When these good Pennsylvanians and Scotch-Irish, seething with re- 
sentment against a degenerate Eastern Virginia, set up for themselves 
what did they do? They doubtless intended and wished to elect only 
the simon pure as senators and representatives. Regardless of the 
wishes of the people of Kentucky the Myth forced on them as a senator 
John Edwards, whose ancestors had lived for generations in Lancaster 
and Westmoreland Counties, Va., and A. D. Orr, of Fairfax County. It 
must have been some comfort to the people of Kentucky to know that 
one of the Senators, John Brown, was a Scotch. Irishman. But here is 
where the cunning Myth got in its work. It was a case of apples 
of Sodom. Brown was a Scotch Irishman; but he had been educated 
at that hot-bed of effete eastern aristocracy, William and Mary. And 
so it went. The fiendish Myth knowing full well the ideals and wishes 
of the Pennsylvania-Scotch-Irish Kentuckians, ruthlessly compelled 
them, in the majority of cases, to choose Eastern Virginians, and in other 
cases, made concessions which were only apparent. The case of Senator 
John Breckenridge was the same as that of Mr. Brown. He was a William 
and Mary man. Another instance in which the good people thought 
they had thrown off the tyranny was when they elected Martin D. 



Hardin. He had apparently the right stamp as he was bom on the 
Monongahela in Pennsylvania. But alas! not only was his father a 
Fauquier county man from east of the Ridge; but his ancestors for gen- 
erations had lived in St. Paul'a Parish, Stafford (King George), St. 
Paul's the effetest of the effete, within whose bounds lies Chotank, where, 
according to reliable testimony, mint springs spontaneously from the 
graves of the finally effete aristocracy. 

The evil story is ever the same. Theses Pennsylvanians and Valley 
men, though having the power to control Kentucky, continued to choose 
by far the greater number of their senators and representatives from men 
alien to them in birth and ideals, as men from east of the Blue Ridge 
were bound to be. They chose Humphrey Marshall of Westmoreland; 
Henry Clay of Hanover, John Pope of Prince William (whose ancestors 
had lived still further east) George M. Bibb of Louisa; W. T. Barry of 
Caroline, Jesse Bledsoe and George Walker of Culpeper, Thos. Metcalfe 
of Fauquier, David Meriwether of Louisa and J. R. Underwood of Gooch- 
land, as U. S. Senators. Amazing power of the Myth! Even when the 
Kentuckians got a man close to the eastern side or the mountains, like 
Isham Talbot, they were compelled to take one of eastern ancestry. 
And when they hopefully chose natives of Kentucky like Buckner 
Thmston and John J. Crittenden, the dark power of the Myth directed 
them to men whose ancestors had lived in Eastern Virginia from the 
Seventeenth century. Richard M. Johnson, whose father was an Orange 
and Culpeper man is another instance of their sort. 

Of the twenty-five senators from Kentucky, down to 1861, one, Rowan 
was a native of Pennsylvania; one, Dixon of North Carolina; and a third _ 
Adair, of South Carolina. Three, Brown, Breckenridge and Logan 
were from the Valley and had no eastern ancestry. But the Machiavel- 
lian Myth not only educated Brown and Breckenridge at William and 
Mary, but gave the latter a wife, Mary Cabell, of the effete Eastern 
aristocracy. Three Senators, Thompson, Powell and Morehead, were 
born in Kentucky of ancestry unknown to this writer; but it is very 
probable that some or all of them, were of eastern Virginia descent. All 
the others, sixteen in number, were bom in Eastern Virginia or were of 
that ancestry. This shows the wonderfully compelling power of the Myth. 

The experience of the Kentuck ans with the House of Representatives 
was the same.. Down to 1831 there v/ere sixty one members. Of these, 
twenty-one were born east of the Blue Ridge, in Virginia. When the evil 
tide of emigration from Eastern Virginia began to abate, Kentucky 
elected eight men of Eastern Virginia descent. Thirteen members were 
natives of Kentucky and of descent unknown to the writer; but the names 
indicate that at least half were of Eastern Virginia descent. 

In spite of their controlling majority and their devotion to their own 
ideals (so alien to those of Eastern Virginia and its people) Mr. Cotterili's 
Pennsylvania and Valley men, during ail this long time choose only three 
natives of Pennsylvania, four of the Valley of Virginia and tv.^o of Valley 
descent to represent them in Congress — about 14%, while they chose 
at least 27% of their representatives from the abhorred, degenerate 
Eastem Virginia stock. Another example of the power of the vvi^ked 

In regard to governors the conduct fo the Myth was almost as scanda- 
lous. Another distinguished Kentucky historian, Mr. Watterson, makes 
it even worse. According to him, through many years the only tme 
recipe for becoming govemor of Kentucky was to be a Virginian and a 
student of William and Mary, and then to hang out a law^-er's shingle 
in Kentucky. He says that members of the early pioneer stock (of 
course the tme blue Pennsylvania breed) who had gubematorial ambi- 
tions had to emigrate north of the Ohio. 



Of fifteen governors Shelby, Adair, and Desha, one-fifth, were what 
Mr. Cotterill thinks good Kentuckians should be. The others are all of 
known Virginia birth or descent, except one, Powell. George Madison 
was from Augusta, but his father came from King and Queen; Charles 
Scott was from Cumberland or Powhatan; James Clark from Louisa; 
William Owsley and James Garrard from the Northern Neck; Thomas 
Metcalfe from Fauquier; R. P. Letcher from Goochland and John 
Breathait from Botetourt. Chas. Slaughter Morehead, was a native 
of Kentucky; but his ancestors were all from east of the Blue Ridge. 
The same was the case with John J. Crittenden, his maternal line, es- 
pecially, being among the earliest settlers of Eastern Virginia. Chris- 
topher Greenup was a Virginian, but his birth place seems to be unknown. 
Lazarus W. Powell was a native of Kentucky. So, in spite of the stren- 
uous objection of Kentuckians to such people, they elected ten out of 
fifteen governors, who were of Virginia stock from east of the mountains 
and it is entirely possible that two more, Greenup and Powell, had the 
same taint. If Mr. Cotterill' s account of the Kentucky people and their 
ideals is correct, all this is as astonishing as if the followers of Lenine 
and Trotsky should insist, year after year, on choosing Romanoffs for 

Handbook of Manuscripts in the Library of Congress, Washington, 
Government Printing Office, 1918, pp. 750. 
Every one who knows anything of the manuscript collections in the 
Library of Congress has been anxious for just such a book as this is. 
Even those who may think they know the collection well will be aston- 
ished at its richness and value as revealed in this Handbook. There is 
hardly a branch of knowledge v/hich is not represented. It is needless to 
say that this work is well done, and that the index of 205 pages makes 
the contents readily accessible. It is a book which every student, 
especially of American history, will always keep within reach of his hand. 

Fighting By Southern Federals. In which the author places the 
num.erical strength of the armies that fought for the Condederacy 
at approximately 1,000,000 men, and shown that 296,579 white 
soldiers living in the South, and 137,676 colored soldiers, and ap- 
proximately 200,000 men living in the North that were born in the 
South making 634,255 southern soldierc fought for the Preserva- 
tion of the Union. By Charles C. Anderson. New York. The 
Neale Publishing Company, 1912, pp. 408. 
The title page gives so good an idea of the contents of this remarkable 
book that little more need be said except that the author (a resident of 
Richmond and a member of this Society) has supported his thesis by im- 
mense and most careful research. He takes the campaigns and battles 
in order and shows as accurately as possible the part taken in each by 
southern men in the Union army. The latter part of the volume is an 
alphabetical list, and account of Southern officers in the Northern army 
and their records. These records were necessarily taken chiefly from 
United States army records and in some instances, probably looked 
differently from a Confederate point of view. It is a book indispensable 
for students of the War of 1861-65. 

Descendants of James Wilson Thomas and Eliza Ann Johnson, also 
the Biography of John Lilburn Thomas, also containing an 
account of the emigration of the Thomas and Johnson families 
and others to Missouri, pp. 15. 

Maternal Ancestry of Frank Trumbull, pp. 30. 



These handsome privately printed pamphlets were prepared by Judge 
John Lilbum Thomas, formerly of the Supreme Court of Missouri, and 
his nephew Mr. Frank Trumbull of New York. They are evidently the 
result of very careful research and, among other families, treat of lines 
of descent in the Virginia families of Thomas (Albemarle and Amherst 
counties), Clarkson, Lewis, Randolph, Isham, Meriwether, &c. 

Life and Letters of the Rev. John Philip Boehm, Founder of the Re- 
formed Church in Pennsylvania, 1863-1749. Edited by the Rev. 
William J. Hinke. Ph. D., D. D., Professor of Semetic Lang- 
uages AND Religion in Auburn Theological Seminary, Phila- 
delphia. Publication and Sunday School Board of the Reformed 
Church of the United States, 1916, pp. 501, Illustrated. 
Dr. Hinke, whose scholarly work in regard to the history of Germans 
in the American Colonies (when Germ ans were a different people from 
what they now are) is well-known, is the editor of the work. Rev. John 
Philip Boehm, though a German, worked under the Church of Holland, 
and as large numbers of his letters and pamhplets have been preserved, 
the editor has been enabled to give a very valuable account of the up- 
building of a great church. The volume is a most useful addition to the 
history of Pennsylvania and also to the religious history of America. 


Virginia Magazine 



Vol. XXVI. October, 1918. No. 4 




This sad; but glorious list is increasing so rapidly with 
the growth of the American army that condensation becomes 
necessary. The date at the end of each notice is that of the 
publication of the casualty. Immediately preceding this is 
the emergency address, usually that of the nearest relative. 
When not otherwise stated it will be understood that the 
subject of the notice was in the American Expeditionary 
Forces. Abbreviations used to indicate rank well be readily 
understood,. The others are k.=killed in action; w.= died of 
wounds received in action. 

(Including reports July l-?ept. 30, 1918.) 

Robert B. Adams, pr., disease, at Camp Lee Va, during week 
ending July 12, 1918. Home: 638 So. Columbus St, Alex- 
andria. (July 20) 



Waitman J. Akers, pr., k. Ely G. Akers, Sowers, Floyd Co. 
(Aug 8) 

Gail Hamilton Alexander, aged 40, Lieut., k. Aug 18 
(another account says 7th). Home: Danville. (Sept 1) 

Joseph Lee Andrews, aged 18, seaman, U. S. N ; disease. Sept 9, 
at Newport R. I. Son of Walter M. Andrews, 403 Nichol- 
son St, Richmond. (Sept 30) 

Edward C. Austin, pr., disease, at Camp Lee Va, between 
March 8 and Aug 9, 1918. Home: Greenlee. (Aug 24,) 

Wm. Rogers Baker, 2d class seaman, U. S. N., disease. Sept 
21, at U. S. Hospital Booklvn. Home: South Boston. (Sept 

Felix Longdale Banton, pr., k. Alex. Banton, Madison 

Heights. (Sept 26) 
Alphonse Bayler, pr., accident &c. Mrs J. W. Bayler, 

Ruther Glen. (Sept 3,) 
George M. Betty, aged 29, disease. Sept 4, Officers Training 

School, Camp Lee, Va. Son of Rev. L. B. Betty, deed; 

Norfolk. (Sept 25) 
Steve B. Bishop, pr., k. Jeff Bishop, Pilot. (Aug. 8) 
Robert Blacker, pr., k. July 15, 1918. Son of Israel 

Blacker, Petersburg. (Aug 18) 
Charles Blankenship, pr., k. T. M. Blankenship, Gladehill. 

(Sept 28) 

Felix Blanton, pr., k. Aug. 29. Alexander Blanton, 

Lynchburg. (Sept 21) 
Howard E. Board, pr., w. Mrs Emma Board, 339 No. Bridge 

St., Bedford. (Sept 3,) 
Gustave D. Bonniwill, pr., k. Wm. H. Bonniwill, Painter, 

Accomac Co. (Aug 7,) 
John Brennan, pr., k. Mrs S. V. Alexander, Port Norfolk. 

(Sept 14) 

Claude Melvin Brooks, aged 26, pr., disease, Sept 28, at 
Fort Ontario, Oswego N. Y. Son of late John W. Brooks, 
2127 Park Ave, Richmond. (Sept 30) 

Bennie L. Brown, pr., w. T. W. Brown, Vigor, Louisa Co. 
Quly 29,) 



Joseph B. Brown, pr., Marine Corps; k. Father: 
George B. Brown 813 Forest Street, Lynchburg. (July 16) 
A notice in the Richmond Times-Dispatch July 18, sates 
that Private George B. Brown of the Marines, son of 
George B. Brown, Sr of the address given above, was killed 
in action June 24. 

Frank Allen Browne, Serg., of disease. Mrs Orlina R. 
Browne, R. F. D., Petersburg. (July 13,) 

WiNTON Paul Burtner, pr,. Marines k. June 14, 1918. Son 
of W. H. Burtner, Rockingham County. (July 10) 

Roy H. Busch, Corp. Marines, k. Mrs Nettie W. Busch, 
Lowmoor. (Sept 10) 

A. Camden, pr., w. Mrs Nellie Camden, Glasgow. (Sept 16) 

James A. Candle, pr. k. Lafayette A. Candle, R. F. D. 1, 
Fries. (Aug 6,) 

Millard D. Carter, pr., k. Berdine D. Carter, Blackwater. 
(Sept 6) 

Jack C. Catron, pr., w. Mrs Martha Campbell, 

Saltville. (Aug 21,) 
James T. Chandler, Serg., "Accident and other causes." 

Mrs Mary Chandler, Church View. (Aug 4) 
Willie Childress, pr., k. Henry Childress, 5027 No. 

Main St, Danville. (Aug 7) 
James H. Christian, pattern maker, U. S. N; from injuries 

while swimming in Hampton Roads, Sept 2, 1918. Home: 


Pearson Clapp, private, disease, at Fort Westhaven, Conn; 

in week ending Aug 30. Home 116 Joyce's Lane, Pinners 

Pomt, Norfolk. (Sept 7) 
Charles R. Clark aged 29, pr., disease. Son of J. W. Clark, 

Rhodesville, Orange Co. (Sept 30) 
Robert D. Clark, Serg. wounds. Miss Myrtle Clark, 

Buchanan. (Aug 13) 
Albert F. Cleary, pr., k. Edward F. Thornton, Sibley, 

Gloucester County. (Aug 7) 
Charles B. Clements, pr., k. July 15. Son of Mrs Emma 

Clements, Nathalie, Halifax Co. (Sept 8) 



Herman L. Clemmer, pr., k. G. J. MiLLER,Raphine. (Aug 

Jay Frank Clemmer, Lieut., w. Aug 12. Son of Frank J. 

Clemmer, Middlebrook. (Sept 13) 
Greayer Clover, aged 21, Lieut., k. in aviation accident in 

France, Sept. 1918: Son of S. T. Clover, Richmond. (Sept 


Marshall H. Coleman, wagoner, w. Mrs Anna A. Coleman, 
Toga. (Aug 29) 

Robert Fithian Collins, pr.', k. early in the sunmier (By 
accident the notice of his death in the casualty list was over- 
looked) Home : Ashland. 
J. C. Conner, pr., disease. W. H. Conner, Huffville. (Sept 30) 
Tony Copoiccoi, pr., k. John Copoiccoi, Warrenton. (Aug 


Eugene E. Cox, pr., w. George J. Cox, Meadow Valley. 
(Sept 28) 

Paul Homer Crockett, fireman, 2d class. U. S. N; k. on 
torpedoed ship Mt. Venion, Sept 1918. Son of John J. 
Crockett, Raven. (Sept 9) 

Arthur E. Curran, pr., k. Mrs Mamie McGee, 704 No. 
28th St., Richm.ond. (July 21). A notice in the Richmond 
News-Leader July 23, 1918, states that Arthur E. Curran 
was a sergeant in the regular army, was killed in action 
June 8, 1918, and was son of John Curran, deceased of 

M. R. Cutting, pr., Marines, w. W. J. Kunkel, Lone Fountain. 
(Sept 27) 

Armistead L. Davis, pr. ; disease. Mrs Alice Read, 

Bowling Green. (July 31) 
George R. Davis, pr., w. Newton W. Davis, Howertons. 

(Aug. 10) 

Powell Davis, Serg., accident. Son of Mrs Polly Davis, 

Franklin. (June 5, 1918) 
E. Ernest Day, aged 24, corp., disease, Sept 1. Son of 

Mrs M. E. Day, 309 No. 28th St, Richm.ond. (Sept 28) 
CoLEAR E. DoBYNS, corp., w. Mrs LoLA B. Dobyns, Evington. 

(Sept 27) 



James Hodges Drake Jr, aged 37, 1st Lt. 24th London 
(Queen's Own) Regt; British Army, in a London miUtary 
hospital, Sept 23d from effects of gassing and shell-shock. 
Son of James H. Drake, 1208 Floyd Ave. Richmond. (Sept 

Roy Ellis, pr., w. Wm. B. Ellis, Savage. (Sept 22) 

Chap. J. Elmore, pr., k. Mrs Hattie E. Elmore, Maggie, 

Craig Co. (Aug 8) 
Richard A. Evans, (in 22d year), Serg. Marine Corps, wounds. 

Son of H. A. Evans, 922 Louisiana St, Richmond. (Aug 1) 
Dave L. Farmer, pr., k. Jackson Farmer, Carterton. (Sept 26) 
Silas E. Fauver, pr., disease. Mrs Munyon Fauver, Mt. 

Williams. (July 22) 
Richard H. Fawcett, aged 22, Lieut. Aviation Corps, k. at 

Belleville, Ills., July 8, 1918, by an accident while flying. 

Home : Alexandria. (Jtdy 9,) 
Anthony Fields, pr., from "Accident and other Causes." 

R. F. D. No. 1, Lebanon. (July 31,) 
Luther W. Fisher, pr., wounds. Wm. H. Fisher, Lone 

Mountain. (Aug 5,) 
James Edward Fitzwilson, Jr; aged 22; Corp., July 12, 1918, 

of wounds. Son of James Edward Fitzwilson, formerly of 

Richmond, now of Charleston S. C. (July 22) 
William E. Fleming, aged 29, Corp. k. June 6, 1918. Wife, 

Mrs Flora Dunlap Fleming, Winchester. (July 12,) 
Thurman C. Fletcher, pr., disease, at Camp Lee, Va in week 

ending Aug 16, 1918. Home: Whitacre. (Aug 24,) 
James M. Folden, pr., wounds. John M. Folden, R. F. D. 6 

Bedford. (Aug 5,) 
Dewitt Fore, pr., k. J. L. Fore, Monroeville. (Aug 6,) 
H. W. Fowlkes, corp., k. Mrs D. H. Robertson, Chase City. 

(Sept 30) 

Edward G. Fuller, Captain, Marines, k. in attack on 
Bois de Belleau, June 12, 1918. Home: Loudoun Co. (Aug 28) 

R. C. Garland, Corp., accident: B. B. Garland, Warsaw. 
(Sept 28) 

Isaac H. Gibson, pr., k. Mrs Belva A. Gibson, 1611 3d Ave., 
N. W., Roanoke. (Sept 26) 



Jefferson Gordon, pr., k. Turner Willis, Warrenton. (Aug 

Pertney Green, pr., diease at Camp Upton, N. Y. m week 

ending Sept 6. Home: Hallsboro. (Sept 14) 
Samuel B. Greene, pr., w. Rachel Greene, Toms Creek. 

(Aug 5,) 

Wiley H. Grubb, pr., k. Willam W. Grubb, R. F. D 1. 

Seven Mile Ford. (Aug 8,) 
Lawrence Guyer, pr,, aged 25, k. (native of Lynchburg), Aug 

16, 1918. Son of J. B. Guyer, Chatham. 
Basil W. Haislip, Jr., disease, at Washington D. C, during 
week ending Aug 2, 1918. Home: Lynhaven. (Aug 10) 
William H. HALL,pr., k. Mrs Lucy M. Brooks, Bestland, 

Essex Co. (Aug. 4,) 
Clayton Hammonds, pr., k. Mrs Margaret Hammonds, 

R. F. D. 1, Gate City. (Aug 12) 
Carroll J. Hansucker, Sergt. Marines, w. Father, Theodore 

Hansucker, Front Royal. (July 22) 
Edward Harlow, pr., disease, on transport. Son of late 

John Harlow, of Stony Point. (Sept 21) 
Frank Harlow, pr., k. August. (Brother of Edward Harlow) 

Home: Richmond. (Sept 21) 
Langston Harper, pr., disease, at Camp Lee, Va between 

Mar. 8 & Aug. 2, 1918. Home: Chase City. (Aug 17,) 
George Harris, pr., disease at Camp Merritt, N. J. during 

week ending Aug 8, 1918. Home: Pardee. (Aug 17) 
Alfred B. Harvey, Lt; k. Lewis Harvey, Bedford. (Sept 26) 
Walter A. Harvey, pr., w. Edward Harvey, Phoenix. (Sept 

John Franklin Henderson, seaman, second class, U. S. N. ; 
drowned, July 24, at Norfolk Va. Father: David B. Hender- 
son, Rugby. (July 31) 

James R. Herbert pr., k. John E. M. Herbert, Bowers 
Hill, Norfolk Co. (Aug 4) 

Stuart M. Herrington, pr. k. Mrs Maggie E. Herrington, 
Oakdale. (Sept 20) 

S. HocKADAY, pr., Canadian forces, died while prisoner. Home: 
Keyser. (Sept 26) 



Monroe C. Hodge, pr., w. John M. Hodge, Atkins. (Sept 30) 
Robert Lee Kesler, pr. k. Aug 8. Son of W. H. Kesler, 

Madison Heights, Lynchbiirg. (Sept 23) 
Chester Hoburn, pr., k. Frank Hoburn, Jonesville. (Aug?) 
E. E. Holland, ordnance man, 3d class, k. by explosion at 

St Julien Creek Magazine, Norfolk Va, Aug 16, 1918. Home: 

1428 Maple Ave, Portsmouth. (Aug 17,) 
Oscar Lloyd Housel. Capt; disease. Mrs Marian Nelson 

HousEL, Clarendon. (Sept 11) 
Albert H. Hull, pr., k. Mrs Ida B. Hull, Rocky Gap. (Sept 

11) ^ . 

James Hunt, pr., disease at Camp Sherman, Ohio, during 

week ending July 26, 1918. Home: Glengean. (Aug 3) 
Henry Ingle, pr., k. Mrs Madie Ingle, Pounding Mill. (Sept 


Samuel J. Inman, aged 24, Corp. Marine Corps, k. June 19, 

1918. Son of W. L. Inman, Whittles. (Aug 17) 
C. H. James, pr., disease. Mrs B. F. James, Portsmouth. 
(Sept 30) 

Bamell Jeffress, pr., disease, at Camp Lee Va, between 

between March 8 and Aug 2, 1918. Home: R. F. D. 0, 

Skipwith (Aug 17) 
James Jennings, pr., disease, at Camp Stuart Va, between 

March 8, and July 26, 1918. Home: Lemo. (Aug 10,) 
John A. jENNiNGS,fr., k. W. M. Jennings, Meadville. (Sept 26) 
Nathanal N. Jennings, pr., k. Mrs A. Jennings, Toano. 

(Sept 5) 

Carl Melvin Jenkins, pr., k. July 20. Son of J. M. Jenkins, 
Middletown. (Aug 4) (A report, Sept 20, states that he died 
of disease) 

James William Jett, fireman, 3d class, U. S. N.; accidentaly 
drowned. Sept 1, at Hampton Roads. Father : James T. Jett, 

Henry E. Johnson, Jr., pr., disease, Sept 26. Son of Rev. 

Henry E. Johnson, Boydton. (Sept 30) 
Martin Johnson, pr., k. William Johnson, Brookneal. (Sept 


Henry Frank Jones, pr., k. Robert L. Phillips, Roanoke. 
Quly 13) 



M. A. Karapetoff, pr., w. Augustine Karapetoff, Hopewell. 
(Sept 3,) 

Franklin Webb Kerfoot, Chaplain, 1st Lt., disease at 
Lynchburg Va, in week ending Sept 6. Home: Berryville. 
(Sept 14) 

J. Dabney Kern, Lieut., w. Aug 4, 1918. Son of Professor 

J. W. Kern, Lexington. (Aug 13) 
Grover C. King, pr., k. Robert A. King, R. F. D. 6, Cana. 

(Aug 7) 

Douglas H. Knox, pr.. Marines; w. Mrs Douglas H. Knox 

(Mother), Fredericksburg. (Aug 10) 
Charles Edward Kruger, electrician, second class (radio) 

U. S. N. k., July 30 in seaplane accident. Mother: Mrs Julia 

MiZELL Kruger, 221, 33d St, Newport News. (Aug 15) 
Bedford C. Lam, pr., disease. Mrs Annie M. Lam, Covington. 

(Aug 14) 

James W. Lett, fireman, U. S. N; accidentally drowned in 
Hampton Roads, Sept 1, 1918. Home: Willis. 

Enos D. Lewis, pr., disease. Mrs Dasie Lewis, R. F. D. 2, 
Williamsburg. (July 26) 

Vernon Lee Lilly, pr., k. Charles Lilly, McGaheysville, 
(Aug 6) 

RuFFiN C. Lynch, pr., k. Mrs Emeline Lynch, Mayberry. 
(Sept 21) 

Reece a. Maiden, pr., k. Mrs Virginia Maiden, Abingdon. 
(Sept 28) 

Loyd Majors, pr. k. T. Majors, Amelia C. H. (Sept 12) 
Watt Manning, pr., died Aug. 4, w. received July 28: 

William Manning, Falmomth, Stafford Co. (Sept 14) 
Robert B. Maphis, pr., k. Edward L. Maphis, Toms Creek. 

(Sept 11) 

John A. W. Marble, pr., w. W. J. Marble, Moseley's 

Junction. (July 31) 
Randolph Fitzhugh Mason, Lieut., k. July 20, 1918. Son 

of Rev. Landon R. Mason, D. D., Richmond, Va. (Aug 29) 
Hope William Massie, Lieut., k. July 10, 1918. Son of 

Madison Effinger Massie, Tyro, Nelson County. (Aug 28) 



James A. Massey, aged 37, Chief Machinist's Mate, disease, 
Aug 30, 1918, at his home, 521 Fayette St, Portsmouth, Va. 
(Aug 31) 

Houston Lee Meade, corp., k. Mrs Reathie Meade, St 
Paul. (Sept 18) 

Chester Melton, corp., k. Mrs Eliza Melton, Osako. 
(July 25) 

Elijah Minnick, pr., k. W. F. Minnick, Dayton. (Sept 26) 
Ralph Moneyhon, pr., k. Son of James Moneyhon, Toms 

Creek. (Aug. 23) 
Willie L. Morris, pr., k. Mrs Susan C. Morris, Pirkey. (Sept 


Johnny G. Myrick, pr. accident. Earnest W. Myrick, 

R. F. D. No. 2, Portsmouth. (July 6) 
John Murray McClellan, aged 21, Lieut, Marine Corps, 

k. July 18, 1918. Son of A.L.McClellan, Hampton Gardens, 

Richmond. (Aug 23) 
Stephen P. McGroarty, Lieut; w. C. M. McGroarty, Falls 

Church. (July 6) 
Glen R. McLauchline, aged 23, disease, Sept 26, at officers 

training school, Camp Lee, Va. Son of Early McLauchline, 

Richmond. (Sept 27) 
Claude H. McOuarry, pr., k. Mrs Lucas McOuarry, 

Norwood, Nelson Co. (Aug 8) 
Robert S. Neel, pr., k. Clark W. Neel, Lone Creek. (Sept 1) 
W. H. Newman, corp., k. Mrs W. C. Newman, Waynesboro. 

(Sept 23) 

R. p. Nicholas, ordnance man, 1st class, k. by explosion at 

St. Julien Creek Magazine, Norfolk, Va, Aug 16. Home: 4 

Pondexter St; Berkeley. (Aug 17) 
James F. Olinger, pr., disease, at Camp Lee, Va, in week 

ending Aug 16, 1918. Home: R. No 1, Box 36, Chatham 

Hill. (Aug 24) 

Benny R. Owens, pr., disease at Camp Lee, Va, during week 
ending July 12, 1918. Home: Tetotum. P. O. (July 20) 

George E. Pannill, pr., k. Mrs Eliza R. Pannill, Martins- 
ville. (Aug 8) 



Jeb. S. Pannill, pr., w. Mrs E. R. Pannill, Martinsville. (Sept 

Sam Parker, pr., k. Curtis Parker, Thaxton. (Aug 8) 
A. F. Parkhurst, pr., k. F. K. Parkhurst, Ettricks. (Sept 28) 
Maurice L. [Langhorne?] Payne, corp., k. John T. Payne, 

Marengo. (Sept 15) 
Lucius D. Payner, pr., of "Accident and other Causes". Mrs 

Mary Payner, R. F. D., Box 126, Norfolk. (July 25) 
Harry M. Peaco, aged 42, Lt. U. S. N; disease, Sept 24, at 

Philadelphia. Son of late George W. Peaco, Staunton. 

(Sept 25) 

John Earl Penn, pr., k. Walter J. Penn, Goodes. (Sept 19) 
Willie L. Pierce, pr., k. L. E. Pierce, Exeter. (Sept 19) 
David Walsh Powers, pr., k. July 30, 1918. Son of John F. 

Powers, 519 No 7th St. Richmond. (Aug 12) 
Nathan Pride, pr., w. Aug 2. Son of John Pride, Chesterfield 

County. (Sept 13) 
Joe D. Pulliam, pr., k. James R. Pulliam, Round Bottom. 

(July 18) 

John E. Rabineau, pr., k. June 13. Son of John E. Rabineau, 

1909 W. Main St. Richmond. (Aug 3) 
Warwick S. Rabineau, U. S. N.; disease Sept 29, at Naval 

Hospital, Portsmouth Va. Son of John E. Rabineau, 1909 

W. Main St. Richmond. (Sept 30) 
William Anderson Rainey, pr., k. Miss Pearl Rainey, 

Lodi. (Aug 6) 

Hiram Rich, pr., of "Accidents and other Causes." Mrs 

Willie A. Ellison, Burgess' Store, Northumberland 

County. (July 21) 
Charles Richardson, pr., k. Son of Dr S. E. Richardson, 

West Point. (Sept 14) 
C. S. Richardson, serg. Marines, k. C. S. Richardson, Ur- 

banna. (Sept 27) 
Alpheus E. Robey, aged 22 pr., of accidental gunshot wound, 

July 25, 1918. Son of Alpheus Robey, 114 Dulce St., 

Alexandria. (Aug 17) 
Morris M. Robinson, pr., disease, at Camp Lee, Va., prior to 

Sept 18. Home: Lillian. (Sept 21) 



John Rose, pr., disease at Camp Meade, Md; between March 

8 and June 28, 1918. Home: Norfolk. (July 6) 
WiLBER McK. Rose, corp., w. Home: Richpath (Sept 22) 
Eugene E. Rucker, aged 31, pr., k. July 18. R. E. Rucker, 

Jetersville, Amelia Co. (Sept 18) 
Harry St Clair, pr., k. R. St Clair, 503 10th Ave. Roanoke. 

(July 15) 

J. R. Samuel, pr., k. Mrs John Samuel, Woodford. (Sept 27) 
Peachy G. Sanders, sergt., k. July 19. W. C. Sanders, 

Dumbarton, Henrico Co. (Sept 20) 
David Lee Sayers, pr., k. Son of T. B. Sayers, Barren 

Springs, Pulaski Co. (Sept 8) 
Charles H. Scott, pr., disease, at New York City, between 

March 8 and Aug 2, 1918. Home: Buena Vista. (Aug 17) 
W. L. Seckford, pr., k. W. A. Seckford (Sept 27) 
Henry Grover Sentell, corp., accident, Aug 4, 1918. Home: 

Schoolfield. (Aug 20) 
James W. Siddons, pr., accident, T. M. Siddons, Bumpas. 

(Sept 23) 

Maynard R. Simpson, pr., k. Mrs Virginia Simpson, 

Lovingston. (Aug 12) 
Vernon Lee Somers, 2d Lieut., Marines, k. June 7, 1918. 

Son of William J. Somers, Bloxam, Accomac County. 

(July 4) ; Distinguished service cross was awarded to him, 

posthimiously. (Official Bulletin, July 6, 1918) 
Robert L Sours, pr., k. Mrs Mamie Sours, Luray (Sept 6) 
Daniel E. Southard, pr., k. Mrs Angeline Southard, 

Syra. (Aug 9) 

Ralph Stambaugh, pr., k. Mrs A. Stambaugh, Falls Church. 
(Sept 27) 

J. W. Stanley, pr., disease. Mrs Lucy Stanley, Sontag. (Sept 

Bruce Staples, aged 22, electrician U. S. N; of disease, June 
30, 1918, on U. S. transport Susquehanna. Home: Concord, 
near Lynchb-urg. (July 11) 

Benjamin L. Stone, corp., k. Nelson P. Stone, Sanville. 
(Aug 5) 



James Richmond Stover, aged 24, pr., k. Mrs Vivian L. 

Stover (wife), 220 So. Belvdere St, Richmond. (Sept 23) 
Roy H. Stover, pr., k. William Stover, Luray. (Sept 11) 
Fred. B. Stultz serg. k. Z. W. Stultz, 706, 7th Ave S. W. 

Roanoke. (Aug. 7) 
O'Ferrall N. Suitor, pr., k. July 15. Mrs Katherine Suitor, 

Sutherland, Dinwiddie Co. (Sept 26) 
George H. B. Sutherland, pr., w. Mrs Bertha Sutherland, 

R. F. D, Comer's Rock (July 29) 
W. L. Tavenner, pr., k. Mrs S. Tavenner, East Falls Church. 

(Sept 23) 

Arthur Terry, pr., k. Mrs Lucy Terry, Drake's Branch. 
(Sept 4) 

Aubrey Bernard Thacker, -aged 23, serg. k. Son of Bernard 

F. Thacker, Chariot tsville. (Aug 11) 
Earl Allison Thomas, aged 31, pr.; k. June 28, 1918. Son of 

Tate Evan P. Thomas, WilHamsburg. (July 22) 
Webster W. Thompson, pr., disease at Petersburg Va, between 

March 8 and July 5, 1918. Home: R. F. D No 2., McKenney. 

(July 13) 

Frank L. Tignor, serg.. Marine Corps, k. Margaret Tignor, 

mother, 310 Sycamore St. Richmond. (Aug 7) 
David F. Tipton, chauffeur, of "Accident and other Causes." 

Mrs Clara Stump, Riverton. (July 29) 
Alexander Tyler, recruit, disease, at Camp Upton, N. Y. 

between March 8 & Aug 9, 1918. Home: Charles City. 

(Aug 24) 

John Lee Vellines, pr., k. Mrs Tiny Vellines, Comet. (Aug 

V. D. Wallace, sergt., k. E. J. Wallace, Sprotts. (Sept 27) 
Richard A. Weaver, pr., disease, at Camp Greene, S. C, in 

week ending Sept 20. Home: Hemdon. (Sept 28) 
Angel Weligareff, pr., k. Thos. Gregory, Wirts. (Sept 11) 
L. H. Wells, pr., Canadian forces; k. Home: Norton. (Aug 30) 
John West, recruit, disease at Camp Upton, N. Y. between 

March 8 and Aug 23, 1918. Home: 812 Ave A, Norfolk. 

(Sept 7) 



William H. White, sergt., k. July 19. Mrs Mary E. Wake- 

FiED, 102 Va. Ave., Richmond. (Sept 13) 
Clarence P. Widdifield, Corp., k. Aug 1, 1918. Son of D. P. 

Widdifield, Lynchburg. (Aug 30) 
Forest Williams, pr., disease at Glamorgan, Va, during 

week ending July 12, 1918. Home : Glamorgan. (July 20) 
J. W. Williams, pr., disease. George E. Williams, Dolphin. 

(Sept 29) 

Rayburn E. Williams, pr., k. Mrs J. A. Williams, 70 Rose 
Ave; Cliffton Forge. (July 14) 

John Howard Wills, Major, k. Mrs J. W. Craddock, 205 
Madison St Lynchburg (or James A. Anderson, Auburn 
Ala.) (Aug 5, ) He was a native of Alabanna, an honor 
graduate of West Point, 1916, and was son of the late John 
H. Wills, Lieutenant 22d Infantry U. S. A; (New York 
Times Aug 6, 1918) 

R. H. Wood Jr., Lieut, k. aeroplane Occident. R. H. Wood Sr, 
Charlottesville. (Sept 5) 

John Z. Worley, pr., k. Mrs Lilly Worley, Benham. (Sept 29) 

Garland Wright, pr., k. David D. Wright, Tarpon. (Sept 14) 

George John Zeller, madinists mate, first class, aviation, 
U. S. N; drowned at Pensacola, Fla; June 28, 1918, in a 
seaplane accident. Next of kin; his wife, Mrs Evelyn Mary 
Zeller, 431 4th Ave. N E., Roanoke. (July 3) 

Earnest E. Zimmerman, pr., disease at Camp Lee Va, during 
week ending July 5, 1918. Home: Arlington. (July 13) 





From the originals in the Library of Congress. 


4. Capt. Tobias ffelgate (1) sworn e & examined sayeth 
that this voiadge he brought over with him in his shipp the 
James for Mr Richard Bennett, deceased, divers goods & 
merchandise & that ye said Richard Bennett remaineth in- 
debted unto himselfe for some part of ye freight of the said 
Goods amounting unto seventene pounds in readye monye 
of England. 

5. It is therefore ordered that Mr Lodwick Pearle shall 
shipp in the good shipp called ye James five hundred waight 
of Tobacco, to be consyned to Mr Edward Bennet in London, 
to satisfye & secure Capt. ffelgate for seventene pounds ster- 
linge in lawfull monye of England remaining due unto him for 
part of ye fraight of those goods w'ch he brought over for 
Mr Richard Bennet this last voiage, hee affirming uppon his 
oath yt in England he could make proof of the same. 

6. It is ordered according to conditions & covenants bear- 
ing date the 25*^ of September 1622 betweene Wesseh AVebling 
& Mr Edward Bennett that he ye said Wessell Webling shall 
goe downe and live uppon the 50 acres of land w'ch hee is to 
have of ye said Mr Bennett, & shall pay for the same 501 

1. Capt. Tobias Felgate, through a considerable period of years, com- 
manded a ship in the trade between England and Virginia. He patented 
150 acres at Kiskiack upon Pamunkey (York )River in 1632. See this 
Magazine II, 181, 182. 



yearly & two dayes worke & such other things are are con- 
tained as ye said covenants, & that Mr Bennett or s'cces'rs 
shall deliver him his apparell mentioned in the covenant & 
appoint out ye said 50 acres of land. 

7. It is ordered that Mr Pearle shall signify to Mr Edward 
Bennet by letter into England that he doe w'th as much 
speed & conveniency as may be send over hither the Indentures 
of Ri hard Stubbs, to show what time & terme of service the 
said Richard hath to serve him w'ch if he shall not doe or 
make proffe of, the said Richard StEbbs shalbe free at the 
end of fower years service & ye rather ye overseers of ye said 
Edward Bennet have broken up the chest of the said Richard 
Stubbs & lost his Indentures. 


8. It is ordered that wherea^ Capt. JoRn Wilcoxe (2) by a 
noate & receipt tmder his hand doth bind himselfe to de- 
liver one shalope w'th apptn-tenances to Mr Claybourne or 
his Assignes at Kiccoughtan as by the same doth more at 
large appear bearing date ye 21^^ of Novemb. 1625 & hath 
neglected to make delivery of ye said shalope & by ye com- 
plaint of Tho. Harwood who bought ye said shalope of the said 
Mr Claybourne doth appeare, & it is therefore thought fitt 
tRat ye Attorney of ye said Capt. Wilcoxe doe make satis- 
ffaction unto ye ^aid Tho. Harw^ood, viz. 1001 of Tobacco 
according as was received for the same, And moreover wheras 
it is alledged yt ye said Wilcox have receaved 601 of tobacco 
for the said shalope after ye time yt ye same was due to be de- 
livered it is ordered uppon proofe being made that ye said 
Tho. Harv.^ood shall have ye said 601 of tobacco paid unto Rim 
also in regard of the damadge he suffered by ye want of ye said 
shalope It is thought fitt yt the tobacco be paid w'th allowance 
of 121 in ye hundred. 

2. Captain John Wilcox came to Virginia in 1620 and was a Burgess 
in 1623. He had come from Plymouth, England. See this Magzine II, 



9. It is ordered that Willi 'm Ramshaw shall goe downe to 
Mathews Manor (3) & worke at the trade of a blacksmyth 
untill he have by his worke satisfyed twelve hundred pounds 
of Tobacco unto Mr Michaell Marshatt for w 'ch he standeth 
indebted unto him, and alsoe to satisfie unto Mr Utie 2621 
of Tobacco & pay his fees to ye Provost Marshall. 


A record of Wessell Webling his Indentures. To all to 
whom these presents shall come greating in o'r Lord God 
everlasting, know ye that I Wessell Webling sonne of Nicholas 
Webling of London, Brewer, for & in consideration yt I have 
beene furnished & sett out &' am to be transported unto Vir- 
ginia at ye costs & charges of Edward Bennett of London, 
mxcrchant, & his associates & in consideration that they have 
promised & covenanted to maintain me w'th sufficient meat, 
drink & apparell, doe by these presents bind myself an appren- 
tise unto ye said Edward Bennett for the full terme of three 
yeares to begin the first [sic. feast] of St Michaell the Archangel 
next after the date of these presents, promise & bind m.yself 
to doe & perform all the said time of my aprentishipp true & 
faithfull service in all labours & business as the said Edward 
Bennett or his assigns shall imploy me in & to be tractable & 
obedient as a good servant ought to bee in all such things 
as shall be commanded me by ye said Edward Bennett or his 

3. Mathews Manor, in what was later Warwick County, was the 
home of Samuel Matthews, who was Governor 1658-1660. Michael 
Marshott or Marshall seems to have been frequently in Virginia and a 
man of prominence; but very little is known in regard to him. In 1629 
the Assembly paid him 4500 lbs. of tobacco for sixteen carriages for 
ordnance; in 1631 another payment was made to him and a gratuity of 
4500 lbs. tobacco ordered to be sent to relieve the necessities of Mar- 
shott's wife and children, in consideration of the good service he had done 
the colony. In 163^ he was paid 5875 lbs. of tobacco. He was a member 
of the House of Burgesses 1627-8, and by that Assembly, was appointed, 
together with Sir Francis Wyatt, and Edward Bennett, a commissioner 
to negotiate with the English government in regard to tobacco. 



Assignes in Virginia & at the end of the said terme of three 
yeares the said Edward Bennett do promise to give unto ye' 
said apprentice a house & 50 acres of land in Virginia to hold 
to me my heirs & assignes for ever, according to ye custonie 
of land there holden & also shall give the said appren.tice neces- 
sary & good apparell & ye sayd* apprentice shall inhabit & 
dwell uppon ye said land & shall pay yearly for ye said ffiftye 
acres of land fro' after yt he shalbe therof possessed unto ye 
said Edward Bennett ye yearly rent of 50 shillings sterling for 
ever & two days work yearly & to all & singular ye covenants 
aforesaid one ye party & behalfe of the said apprentice [62] 
to be performed & kept in manner & forme as aforesaid, The 
said apprentice bindeth himselfe to his said Master In these 
presents. In witnes whereof ye partyes aforesaid to these 
present Indentures have sett their hands & scales the 25 
of Septemb. 1622. 

Ed. Bennett 


Will 'mi Clayboume 

A recorde of Capt. Wilcoxes covenants. 

November 22^ 1625 

Knov/ all men by tpese presents yt I John Wilcoxe of Ac- 
com.acke, gent., do acknowledge my self to have receaved 
from Will'm ClavLOLTne fewer hundred weight of Tobacco 
in full pain.ent and satisflaction for a shalope w'th the ap- 
purtenances & I do hereby further bind myself to deliver the 
said shalore unto ye said W'm Clayboume w'thin sixtene 
dayes next ensuing after ye date of these presents in good 
ccndition w'th all things thenmto belonging. 

In ^Aitnes whereof I have hereunto set my hand the daye 
8c year first ahove written. 

John Wilcocks 

Edv.ard V aters 



Thus paid 

to Mr Southeme - -2001 

to Mr Waters - - 200 

to Capt. Epps - - 40 

to himself- - - - 60 

to Lieut. Purfury -- 


A Court at James City 1626 20*^ of Novemb'r present S'r 
George Yardley, Knt., Governor &c, Doctor Pott & Mr Clay- 

Mr [r] Atkins 
[Rest of page is blank] 


[Though this page is numbered 6 in the transcripts, it evi- 
dently should follow immediately after the preceding] 

A Court at James City the 4*^ of December 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c., Capt Smyth, Mr 
Perfrey, Mr Claybourne & Mr fferar. 

1. At this Court there was a voluntary agreem't made 
betweene Capt John Martin, Robert Thresher and Thomas 
Gates that there shalbe chosen an Arbitrator on the party of 
Capt. Martin & another on ye party of Thomas Gates & 
likewise an Arbitrator on the party alsoe of ye said Capt. 
Martin & another on ye party of Robert Thresher, And that ye 
said Arbitrators shall view the works & houses w'ch have been 
built & done by ye said Tho; Gates and Robert Thresher 
uppon ye plantation of Martin B randon (4) and shall judg e 

4. For a notes on Martins Brandon, later called Brandon, see this 
magzine IV, 315-316; VII, 210, 211, 357; XV, 56. Down to about 1830 
Brandon contained its orignal extent, about 7000 acres. It was then 
divided, Upper Brandon being built by William Byrd Harrison on his 
part of the estate. Brandon proper descended in the line of his brother 
George Evelyn Harrison, and, though a good deal of land his been se- 
parated from this portion, the beautiful old house and grounds, and a 
large estate are still owned by the descendants of George E. Harrison. 



on their consciences what the work & houses there done & 
built shalbe worth & so value the same in Tobacco, And then 
ye said Capt. Martin to pay unto ye said Robert Thresher & 
Thomas Gates such Tobacco as this worke done as aforesaid 
shall amount unto, And then ye said Robert Thresher & Tho 
Gates to deliver upp all such writings as Capt. Martin hath 
made unto them concerning and holding or possesssing any 
.land in Martin Brandon, And this Arbitration to be done be- 
fore Christmas next, and for default in any of the partys 
aforesaid to be censured by the Court 

Nathaniel Causey swome & examined sayeth that he hath 
scene a letter written by Rowland Truelove & others of that 
Company (5) directed to William White signifyeinge [7] unto 
him yt whereas hee had formerly written unto them in be- 
halfe of John Browne their servant yt they would release 
some of ye time of his service dew unto them., they did write 
in ye said letter, that they were content to release two years 
of the said John Browne his time if hee ye said Mr White did 
please and yt said letter was in ye hands of Mr James Corker 
[or Carter], master of the Anne. 

3. It is ordered uppon ye former oath of Mr Causey who is 
alsoe deputed as overseer of the Truelove plantation, that the 
said John Browne be made free & released from thise two.... 
yeares tim.e of service remaining, he having alreadye served 
five yeares. 

4. It is ordered that Rice Hooe shall receave fro' Mrs 
Boise all such writings as are in her hands belonging to W'm 
Besse, late of Jourdaynes Journey, and an account of all such 
tobacco as hath bene receaved by Mr Luke Boise: And yt 
Mrs Boise doe keepe in her possession, if shee please, for the 
next yeare one boy servant belonging to ye said W'm Besse or 
untiil further order bee sent out of England fro ' him w^hereby 
hee doe signifye & expresse himselfe at what rate & price he 
will accept of tobacco for ye said boy servant amounting to 
yt some of 401. sterling according as hee hath formerly written 
[8] to Mr Luke Boise, And that then shee paying the said to- 

5. For a note on Nathaniel Causey and the Truelove Plantation, see 
this magzine XXI, 282. 



bacco sliall cnioy ye boy for his vdiole time. And if ye said 
Eesse shall othenvise dispose of ye boy then the said Mrs 
Boise shall ye next yeare deliver him i:pp u: pay for his ser\-ice 
one hundred waight of tobaceo 

fmis Curiae 

A Court at Jamies Citty the 11*^' of Decemb. 1626, present 
Sir George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c., Capt. Smyth, & 
Mr Clayboume 

1. At this Court Richard Bridgewater, Lawrence Small- 
page & John Milnehouse did make agreem't to live & dwell 
at Pashbeha^^es in those houses in v/'ch they now are, & that 
they have as much ground as they can use, paying for the same 
each of them one capon or two pullets quarterly unto the 

2. Whereas it appears to ye Court by sufficient virtues & 
by the petition of John Trehern (6) of Chaplins Choise, that 
he, ye said John Trehenie did ye last year 1625 shippe in ye 
Anne of London, whereof James Carter was then master, 
one hogshead of tobacco w'ch was consigned to be delivered 
unto ye brother of ye said John Treherne in London, and that 
the said James Carter himselfe did make sale of ye said Tobacco 
w'thout any warrant to doe ye same, it is therefore ordered 
that Richard Looe, master of ye Anne in whose hands resteth 
all ye estate of ye said Carter, doe pa}^ unto ye said 
John Treherne, two hundred & thirty vraight of Tobacco in 
leafe stript & smothed together w'th one hogshead in satis- 
faction of ye said tobacco w'ch he sold belonging unto ye said 
John Treherne 

Finis Curiae 

G. John Trchem, aged 33 years in 1621-5, who had come in Ijic True- 
love in 1022, lived at Chaplains Choice, Charles City, now Prince George. 




The testimony of Richard Looe 

I Richard Looe doe uppon my certaine knowledge testifye 
that the last voiadge in ye 'Anne 1625 there was the quantity 
of one hogshead of Tobacco shipped in ye Anne by John Tre- 
heme of Chaplins Choise and yt ye said Tobacco was landed 
in Rngland 

Riohard Loo^ 

The Humble petition of John Treherne 

To ye right Hon '11 S'r George Yeardly, knt., Governor 
and Capt. generall of Virginia & to ye rest of the Councill of 

I herewith yt your petitioner ye last time of Mr Carters 
departure out of this Country for England delivered unto him 
1601. of tobacco to give to his brother in London, Mr Carter 
arriveing here backe againe your petitioner demanded accoimt 
of ye tobacco and was answered by him, yt hearing your 
petitioners brother was dead hee made sale of it himselfe and 
yt hee should have soe much tobacco paid him backe againe 
or soe much comodityes to yr full valew thereof. Your [pe- 
titoner] desiring ye benefitt yt was made thereof Mr Carter 
not likeing denyed and soe parted yt before your petitioner had 
speech with him, and one in his behalf e asked Mr Carter if he 
had brought any supply from his brother for he had sold the 
tobacco himselfe and brought Comodityes for itt. Your 
petitioner desireth not that in soe much ye tobacco belonged 
unto him properly and that he being the adventurer thereof 
to England and that Mr Carter [11] herein did more show 
himselfe a factor then a master of a shipp, but yt hee may 
have ye full & whole benefitt of his own tobacco : may it therefor 
please this Wor'll Court soe to Censure of your petitioners 
cause, as he may receave not only the value of his tobacco, 
but also ye profitt & benefitt of ye same, hee allowing this 
present master of the shipp all such charges as is theruppon due 
And your pet. &c 



The examination of Mr Theod'e Pettus taken the 6*^ of 
Novemb. 1626 before Mr Will'm fferrar and Mr Nathaniell 
Causey, is as followeth: 

This deponent affirmeth yt he being aboard Mr James 
Carter's shipp as hee was coming upp the said Mr Carter de- 
manding how John Treheme did, this deponent asked whether 
hee had brought a supply from his brother or noe, Mr Carter 
tould him that hee had a supply for him, but not fro ' his brother, 
for his brlther was dead, & that his brothers wife would fayne 
have had ye tobacco w'ch ye said Treheme sent home by ye 
said Mr Carter, but hee would not deliver it, but confessed 
to this deponent that hee had sold ye tobacco himself e, and yt 
he had brought Comodityes for ye said Treheme 

Signed by me 

Theodore Pettus 


A Court at James Citty the 18**^ day of Decemb. 1626, 
present S'r George Yeardley, knt.. Governor &c, Capt Smyth, 
Mr Persey & Mr Clay bourne 

1. Whereas there remaineth in ye hands of Capt Nathaniel 
Basse a deed of mortgage belonging unto Mr Michael Marshatt 
made & sealed by Capt ffrancis West, Esqr, the Court doth 
thinke fitt yt said deed be delivered unto ye said Michael 
Marshatt, merchant, as it appeareth of right to belonge unto 

2. Whereas there is order given & published that noe shipps 
should breake bulke before their arrivall at James Citty yet 
notw'thstanding seinge that by misaccident the Marmaduke 
is now come aground below Mulberrye Hand it is thought 
fitt by ye Court and leave given to merchants & such others 
as hav goods in the said shipp to litten & unlode such part & 
quantity of ye said goods as may be sufficient to free ye said 
shipp & m.ake her afloate, provided that the said goods be 
brought upp to James Citty & noe indirect bargains & sales 
made contrary to the said order. 


3. At this Court brought & presented the last will & tes- 
tam't of Will'm ffoster of Elizabeth City who deceased about 
the 10**^ of the present month by Richard Popelye, And proved 
it to be the last will & testam't of the said Will'm fioster by 
the oath of * * [page torn] wins who being swome and exam- 
ined sayeth [13] that ye said will was ye will & testam't of 
Will'm ffoster aforesaid & yt he was in perfect sense & memory 
at ye making & delivery of ye same. 

Wheruppon it is ordered that the Administration of all ye 
goods & chattels of the said ffoster be granting unto ye said 
Richard Popely (7) & that he bring in an Inventory of the 
same &c. 

4. Uppon the petition of Tho. Phillips (8) late planter at 
Hog Hand the Court hath licensed & permitted him by reason - 
of divers inconveniences alledged [by him] to remove & plant 
himselfe at Capt. Mathews his plantation on the other side of 
the water. 

5. Richard Lord swome and examined saith that he heard 
Tho. Gates acknowledge that hee sold unto George Riddle 
a certaine sumiC of tobacco of w'ch hee then promised to make 
paiment unto him. 

6. ffrancis Stone swome & examined sayeth that he heard 
Thom^as Gates confesse & acknowledge that he owed unto 
George Riddle ninety wayght of tobacco of w'ch he then prom- 
ised to make present paim't 

finis Curiae 

7. Lieutenant Richard Popeley, who was born in 1608 in the parish 
of Wolley, Yorkshire, owned later 700 acres at the Middle Plantation 
(Williamsburg) and did good service defending the coiinty against the 
Indians. In 1627 he was given 1500 lbs of tobacco by the Council, "he 
being a man that both heretofore and is still ready to do good service 
to the Colony". 

8. At the time of the Census of 1624-5 there were two men named 
Thomas Phillips in the colony. One lived at Hog Island, as a servent 
of Lieutenant Edward Berkeley. He had probably became a freeman 
and is no doubt the man named in the text. The other, who was aged 26 
and had come in the William and Thomas, 1618, was a freeman, and 
lived at Basses Choice, with his wife Elizabeth, age 23, who had come 
in the Sea Flower, 1621. 




The Quarter Court 

A Court at James Citty the 8*^ of January 1626, present 
S'r George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c, Capt. West, Capt. 
Smyth, Mr Clayboume, Capt Tucker, Mr Persey, Mr fferrar. 

It is ordered whereas Thomas Gates hath bene drunke & 
misbehaved himselfe w'th much disorder, that ye said Thomas 
Gates shall pay for a fine twenty waight of tobacco & give in 
bond w'th security of his good behaviour & appearance at the 
next quarter Court. 

George Graves swome and examined sayeth that the In- 
ventory by him brought into the Court this present day is true 
& perfect Inventory of all the goods & chattels of Robert 
Linsey (9) who was the last spring caryed by ye Indians to 

The oath of John Jaxon 

Octog. 162G [5?]. 

John Jaxon swome & examined sayeth that in April last 
part this examinate & one Robert Linsey went from Martins 
Hundred w'th certaine Indians unto Pamunkey, then this 
examinate haveing leave to come away homiC & ye said Robert 
Linsey being detained there the said Robert at ye departure 
of this deponent said that as considering all his goods what- 
soever he had at hom.e hee gave them unto one Sara Snowe 
the daughter of Ellenor Graves, if he never came hom^e againe, 
& then ye said Robert ofi"ered to deliver his key of his chest unto 
this deponent but ye indians would not suffer him 
This oath was taken before 

Mr. Doctor Pott 

Will ClaA^bovirne 

9. In Feb. 1623, Robert Lindsey lived "Over the River", from James- 
town. In 1(324-5, George Graves, who came in the Sea Flower, Elenor, 
his wife, who came in the Susan, John Graves their son aged 10 years, 
and Rebecca and Sara Snow, her daughters, lived at James City. John 
Jackson (v;ho had benn a member of the House of Burgesses in 1619), 
with his son John, age 9 years, was a near neighbor. 



At this Court was one deed indented brought in by Mr 
George Menefy, Merchant, made between Capt. Hamor, 
deceased & Zachary Grippes & Edmond White (10; yemome 
wherein ye said Zachary & Edmond were covenanted and bound 
to pay unto ye said Gapt. Hanor twelve hundred wayht of 
Tobacco in leafe, the stalke leafe stript out, & twelve hundred 
waight more; and in the said deed it was not mentioned whether 
this second twelve ■ htindred should be paid in leafe or w'th 
allowance for ye stalks, or not; heruppon ye Gourt hath ordered 
that according to ye custome of this Gountry that ye said 
second twelve hundred shalbe paid unto ye said Mr Menefy 
after five score to ye hundred & nle allowance for ye stalks. 

Finis unide 


The Gourt at James Gity the 9**^ of January 1626, being 
present : 

Sir George Yeardley, Knt., Governor &c 
Gapt. Smyth Mr Glaybourne 

Mr Persey Gapt Tucker 

Gapt Mathews Mr fferrar 

Whereas Richard Tailor, planter, hath made complaint to ye 
Court that he sustaineth much wronge from Thomas Harris and 
others yt plant on his divident at ye necke of lande (11) ; Now ye 
Gourt taking the same into consideration judge that ye said 

10. Edward or Edmond White who came on the Bona Nova, 162a 
lived near Zachary Cripps at the Treasurer's Plantation, James City, 
1624-5. A note on Cripps has been printed. 

11. This "Neck of Land in the Upper Parts" was, of course a different 
place from that of the same name near Jartiestown. The upper neck 
was in the present Chesterfield County, and is now known as Jones' 
Neck, not far below Dutch Gap. It was originlly called Rochdale 



Thomas Harris hath done noe wronge unto ye said Richard, but 
that it appeareth by a deed under ye handes & seales of ye said 
Richard Tailor & Willi 'm Vincent & George Grimes that their 
dividents of cleared land should then by their consent be equally 
divided between the said Thomas Harris & such others as were 
then to plant on ye said land, as by ye said deed bearing date ye 
22*^ January 1622 doth more fully appeare. It doth moreover 
appear to ye Court by one Com'ission granted by S'r ffrancis 
Wyatt, Knt., late Governor, that the said Thomas Harris 
& others that then intended to goe & plant uppon ye said 
necke of land shguld have five acres a share given & granted 
unto them & to theire heirs & assignes for ever on that place, 
the said Com'ission bearing date the 20*^ of January 1622, 
And the Court doth therefore give leave unto them to take 
upp their said shares of five acres uppon ye said necke of land, 
provided that they do take it without ye lymits and grounds of 
such Patents as are there already granted. 

It is ordered that Richard Tailor doe pay unto Thomas 
Harrys for damage in this suit 201. of Tobacco & so such others 
as hee has asked to be brought downe to ye Court by warrant 
twenty pounds of To each one of them. 

At this Court there was leave & license given to Edward 
Temple servant to Mr Douglas to remove fro ' Jordans Jomey 
& plant himselfe at Martins Brandon according to his masters 

(To be continued.) 




Relating to Western Virginia. 

Among the papers removed a year or two ago from the Au- 
ditor 's Office to the State Library was a large bundle containing 
correspondence of William Preston. Dr. Draper with his re- 
markable (but fortunate) power of persuading people and 
families to allow him to have their manuscripts, secured a large 
number of Preston papers, now bound in six volumes in the col- 
lection of the Wisconsin Historical Society. In 1915 the So- 
ciety published a calendar of "The Preston and Virginia 
Papers. ' ' This calendar is indispensable for a study of .the 
history of the western portion of Virginia. It does not appear 
that any of the "Preston Papers" in the Virginia State library 
are duplicated in the Draper collection. 

It can be truthfully said of Willaim Preston, that, as much 
as any man who ever lived in Virginia, he gave his whole life 
to the service of his country. Not in the sense of long oc- 
cupancy of profitable or prominent office; but in years of labor 
and responsibility amidst constant dangers and frequent 

John Preston, the father of the subject of these notes came 
from Ireland to Augusta County Virginia about 1740 and 
died in 1747. He was a quiet man, who took no part in public 
affairs and died leaving a small estate. He married Elizabeth, 
sister of Col. James Patton, who up to the time he was killed 
by Indians in 1755 was the formost man of the western section 
of the colony. Besides William Preston, the children of John 
Preston were (1) Letitia bom 1728 and was the mother of 
John Breckenridge, U. S. Senator and Attorney General, and 
James Breckenridge, M. C. (2) Margaret, married Rev. John 
Brown, and was the mother of John Brown, U. S. Senator and 



James Brown, M. C. and U. S. Minister to France, (3) Ann, 
married Francis Smith, (4) Mary, married John Howard. 
WilHam Preston was bom in Newry, Ireland, Nov. 25, 1729. 
During July 14, 1755-June 24, 1756, and June 8, 1757-May 4, 
1759; he was captain of a company of rangers; 
served in the abortive ''Sandy Creek Expedition" in 
1757; was constantly in service on the frontiers against the 
Indians. Many of the letters in the Dinwiddie Papers (Virginia 
Historical Society) were addressed to him. In 1761 he was 
one on the first trustees of Staunton and was a member of the 
House of Burgesses from Augusta county at the sessions of 
Nov. 1766, March 1767 and March 1768. About 1761 he re- 
moved to what was later Botetourt County, v/here he settled 
at ' ' Greenfield. ' ' Writing from there in 1763 he stated that he 
had built a little fort which then contained eighty seven per- 
sons. When Botetourt was formed he was one of its first 
justices and was appointed colonel of militia, coroner and 
eschator, represented the county in the House of Burgesses at 
the sessions of Nov. 1769, May 1770 and July 1771. Fincastle 
County was formed from Botetourt in 1772 and Col. Preston 
became equally prominent there. On Jan. 20, 1775 he was 
chosen a member of the Fincastle Committee of Safety. In 
1776 Col. William Christian, petitioned the Virginia convention 
in behalf of Arthur Campbell, William Preston and himself. 
He stated that in 1774 Preston was County Lieutenant of Fin- 
castle and that from May to October he was chiefly employed 
in the service of the country so as not to be able to pay 
attention to his own affairs. "Altho' his own plantation 
was considered his home he was a considerable time abroad in 
the county on the business of the public; and when at home 
where he was induced to keep his family at a dangerous pass 
for the encouragement of others to make a stand, his house was 
the resort of multitudes. ' ' {Va. Mag. Hist, and Btog., XVIII, 

The Revolution brought to him an increase of responsibilities 
and labors. In 1772 he had acquired an estate at Drapers 
Meadows (later in Montgomery County) and named it ' ' Smith- 
field" in honor of his wife. He became county lieutenant 



of Montgomery (organized in 1776) and " Smithfield " seems 
to have become an unofficial headquarters for the defence 
of the Southwest. Col. Preston was constantly engaged in 
raising troops, collecting supplies and assisting in supressing 
Tory plots. He wa several times a commissioner to treat 
with the Indians. In 1780 he was engaged with Col. Arthur 
Campbell and Col. William Christian in expeditions against 
the Cherokees and, with them, received the thanks of the legis- 

In 1781 he was one of the commanders of the Virginia mil- 
itia sent to the aid of General Green and was in the actions of 
Whitsills Mills and Guilford Court House. He died June, 1783. 
He married Susanna, daughter of Francis Smith, of Hanover 
county and Elizageth Waddy his wife and had issue :. 

1. Elizabeth, married William S. Madison; 2. John, mem^ber 
of Virginia State Senate, General of Militia, etc., married 
first. Miss Radford, secondly Miss Mays; 3. Francis member of 
Va. Senate, General of Militia, and member of Congress, 
married the only daughter of General William Campbell, of 
Kings Mountain fame (and was the father of William C. 
Preston, of S. C, &c); 4. Sarah, married Col. James McDowell 
of Rockbridge County; 5. William_, captain U. S. A., married 
Miss Hancock; 6. Susanna miarried Nathaniel, Hart of 
Woodford Co., Ky.; 7. James Patton, M. C. and Governor of 
Virginia, married Miss Taylor of Norfolk (and was father of 
Win. Ballard Preston, Secretary of the Navy of the United 
States, and Confederate States Senator); 8. Mary, married 
John Lewis, of Sweet Springs; 9. Letitia, married John Floyd, 
Governor of Virginia; 10. Thomas Lewis, married a darghter 
of Edmund Randolph; 11. Margaret, miarried Col. John Preston. 

For the life of William Preston, see The Preston and Viixii^ia 
Papers (Wisconsin Historical Society); Bmimores W&r (Wis- 
consin Historical Society); Official Records of Robert Dhi- 
widdie (Va. Historical Society) ; WaddeiFs Annals of Augusta 
County; Summers History of Southwest Virginia, and Calendar 
of Virginia State Papers, Vols. 1-3. 



Lord Dunmore to Col. Charles Lewis (1), July 24, 1774. 

Colo. Charles Lewis 

I rec'd your Letter by fav'r of your Brother Colo. Andrew 
Lewis. You justly observe acting on the Defensive is Employ 
ing our men to very little Pinpose for which Reason I am De- 
termined to proceed immediately to Ft Dimnmore or the mouth 
of Wheeling with 250 or 350 good men or as many more as can 
be spared in order to compell the Indians to a lasting peace 
after chastizing them for their late murders & outRages. 
I have'ordered your Brother to join me at Wheeling or the mouth 
of the great Kanhaway as is most convenient for him with a 
respectable Body of good men as he can raise in any reasonable 
time. I have ordered up Salt, Flour & Ammunition & as I 
shall march immediately on hearing from your Brother & will 
be impatient to See you on the Ohio I desire that you will aq- 
quaint me as near as you can by Express about what time I am 
to Expect you, all oiu* Intentions should be kept as Secret 
as possible as a great deal depends on Secrecy and dispatch. 

I am Sir 

Youi most obed. Ser\''* 

July 24: 1774 

[Endorsed] Copy of Lord Dunmore 's Letter 

(1) This letter was written at the beginning of Dunmore 's War. 
There is a similar letter of the same date from Dunmore to Andrew 
Lewis in the Draper Collection. Col Charles Lewis was the youngest 
son of John Lewis, the first of the Augusta county family. The old 
traditions of the county, says Waddell, bring his fame down to us like 
that of a hero of romance. He was reported to be the most skilful of 
all frontier Indian fighters. He represented Augusta in the House of 
Burgesses at the sessions of March, 1773 and May, 1774. In Dunmores 
War he commanded the Augusta regiment and was killed at the battle 
of Point Pleasant Oct. 10, 1774. He married Sarah Murray and had issue. 
1. Elizabeth, bom 1762 died unm.arried; 2. Margaret, bom 1765, married 
Major Pryor; 3. John, of Bath Co. bom 1766, married Rachel Miller, 
of Augusta and died 1843; 4. Mary, born 1768; 5. Thomas bom 1771; 

6. Col. Andrew, born 1772, died 1833, married in 1802, Margaret Stuart, 

7. Charles, bom 1774, died 1803, married in 1799, Jane Dickinson. 



Consultation of Officers at Fort Lewis. 

At a Council helf August 12*^, 1774 Botetourt. Present 
Colo. And'w Lewis Colo. W'm Fleming Colo Wm. Preston 
& Colo. Wm. Christian 

Being meet to consult what would be necessary to forward 
the present Expedition (2). It appears to them, that from 
the frequent murders committed by the Indians, and their 
daily appearance amongst the Inhabitants, (the people in gen- 
eral are backward in entering themselves Volunteers in the 
intended expedition) apprehensive the Frontiers will want 
protection in their absence from this reason, it is very uncertain 
what men the recruiting officers will be able to raise; It is 
therefore thought absolutely necessary to call assistance 
from the Counties of Bedford & Pitsylvania and that the com- 
manding Officers of Bedford be applyed to for two Companies 
of his Malitia with proper Offxers, to march to the Frontiere 
of Bottetourt; and that, the Commanding Officer of Pittsl- 
vania be applyed to for two Companies of his Malitia with 
Officers to march to the Frontier of Fincastle County, that 
both our Frontiers may be covered during the Expedition, 
and our numbers increased. It is likewise thought necessary 
that as a Company of Volunteers for the Expedition is raising 
in Bedford; the Commanding Officer in Pittsylvania may be 
applyed to for a Comipany from that County for the same Ser- 
vice, or if it shoi;!ld be found after these methods used that oiu: 
num.bers are still dificient to carry on the Expedition it is our 
opinion, both from, his Honour the Governor's Instructions 
& y« Invasion Law in force that the Malitia may be draughted 
& that they ought accordingly to be draughted. 

And'w Lewis, 

Wm. Preston, 

Will'm Fleming, 
A Copy Wm. Christian. 

(2) The "Expedition", was Bunmore's War" 



AViixiAM Preston to the Governor (^). 

those Troops, or rather the Survivors of them incapable of Ser- 
vice the ensueing Campaign. 

Were it even possible that the men could be raised, tliere is 
another difficulty in marching them, which to me, appear in- 
surmountable, & that is, to supply them with Provisions & 
Necessaries for the Journey. This task Colo. Matthews has 
laid on the Commanding Officers of Botetourt, Rockbridge, 
Washington & Montgomery-, who are under the same orders in 
a countr>" already drained of Provisions & Necessarie'S, and 

(3) This letter doubtless refers to the plans for reinforcing George 
Rogers Clark. The men of the frontiers were good fighters when they 
chose to fight, but, like the Boers, they fought when they chose. Like 
all frontiersmen they were impatient of restraint, and but little amenable 
to discipline. Scattered about in the mountains and valleys, they were 
little accustomed to the rule of any law but their own desires. They 
had many e.xcusei as compared with the people of the more settled 
portions. Most of them were poor and had to maintain their families 
by their own labor. Everywhere they were in danger of attack from the 
Indians. These frontersmen fought with much gallantry and efficiency 
at Point Pleasant, Kings Mountain and many other places; but in many 
instances their behavior was not at all creditable . In 1778 a force of 
men was raised in the Clinch and Holston settlements, and marched 
under the commond of Major W. B. .Smith to the assistance of George 
Rogers Clark. When they reached the falls of the Ohio (Louisville) they 
declined to go further and returned home, William Preston, writing to 
the Governor, May 13, 1781, tells of the desertion of nearly all of the 
350 men he had sent to the southward to aid General Greene. He 
also pays "It is the general opinion of the officers as well asmy own opinion 
that nearly one half of our own (Montgomery County) Militia are disaf- 
fected (Cal. Va. Stale Papers II, 34 &c) This disp.ffection through the 
southwest" was not pro-British, but anti-draft and anti-tax. Like their 
descendants who v,'ere "Union !Mcn" during the Civil War these people 
were "agin the government'' which was nearest. They disliked con- 
scription and taxes. Most of these malcontents were of the most ignorant 
and illiterate class. Their connection with England was less than that 
of the people in any other section of the colony. Such as they were, 
however, they were good subjects for British propogandists. As will be 
seen in these papers there is a curious resenib'iGnce to-German work in 
the United States of late. 



without a Shilling put into the hands of any Person for the 

After the above detail of Facts, I would humbly beg the 
Interposition of your Excellency and the Hon'ble the Council 
in this important Business, in any manner that may be judged 
most eligible to prevent the evils above enumerated, and many 
others, amongst whom, that of a general Mutiny and defiance 
of the Law is one, which I am really, and not without founda- 
tion, apprehensive of, both in this and one of the neighboring 
Counties. And should this be the case, the Number of Draughts 
and their connexions would be too formidable to quell with the 
remainder of the Militia if they even could be prevailed on to 
engage in the Business, At the same time in justice to the 
Militia of these Counties I must observe that they professed 
the greatest Readiness this Fall to serve in an Expedition to be 
carried immediately into the Indian Country even till Christmas 
or longer, and I firmly believe they would mist cheerfully have 
engaged in the undertaking. 

Should the above application in behalf of the Militia fail 
of the desirable effect, I would then beg your Excellency will 
be pleased to give orders for the appointmient of a Commis- 
sary and supplying him with money to furnish Provisions, 
Pack horses. Tents, Blankets, Cam.p Kittles and other neces- 
saries for these Troops in case any of them can be drawn, or 
forced, into the Service. 

It was with the utmost Diffidence I atteii pted to make this 
Representation to your Execllency, lest it rj ight be through 
that I had a Design to retard the Expedition. But be assured, 
Sir, that only two or three officers of knovrr. candor are Privy 
hereto, that I shall exert m^yself to the titn est of my Power to 
raise the men, until I am favored with your Excellency's 
answer, to which I shall pay the most implicit obedience, and 
that nothing hwt the Distresses of the People, and the appre- 
hension of bad conseqvences coijld have rre^'riled on me to give 
your Excellency any trovble on this ocoas'. i . 



I am, with great esteem, your Excellency's most Obedient 
& most h'oble Serv*, 

Wm. Preston. 


Colo. Preston to the Governor 
25*^ Nov. 1778 

Letter to the Gov. 1778 

Letters to and from Colo. Preston. 

Dudley Diggs (4) to Col. Preston. 

W'mrs 'burgh March 31^* 1779 


Your letter of the 11*^ instant was this day laid before the 
Council, and they have order 'd a Warrant to issue to Colo. 
Floyd for two thousand two hundred and fifty pounds for your 
use for Bounty for the Continental Recruits. 

You will be pleas 's Sir upon receiving the money, to transmit 
yoiu- Bond for the same by the first opportunity to the Board. 

The other matters mentioned in your Letters will be attended 
to hereafter. 

I am 

Sir, your mo Ob* & Hu'ble Ser* 

Dudley Digges Sec'y 
[Addressed] Montgomery— Col. Preston 
[Endorsed] Colo. Digges Lett^ to Col. Preston 

£2250 for Recruits , 

(4) Dudley Digges, of Williamsburg, member of the Council of State. 



Walter Crockett (5) to William Preston. 

McGavocks 7*^ April 1779 


We are alarmed with Tories (6) two men on oath have in- 
formed that their Plan is ripe for Execution they are immediate- 
ly to proceed in Parties to Disarm the Friends to the Country, 
some they are to kill & Destroy, & proceed to Destroy the Lead 
Mines they inform us of the names of near twenty, some of which 
are to be Commanders in Executing this Diabolical Plot, 
one on Oath says that a certain Duncan Ogullian said he woold 
scalp Preston & McGavock before he joined the Indians and 
with them proceed to kill & Destroy all before them, they prom- 
ised their followers 20s., 6d. Steriing p day & 450 acres of Land 
clear of Quiet Rents for twenty one years. Now Sir, on this 
alarming news, I have with advice ordered about fifty men to 
assist the Sherif in bringing those villians to Justice in hopes it- 
may stop them. I thought it my duty to inform you immedi- 

(5) Walter Crockett was a menber of a family which had been among 
the first setters of Southwest Virginia, and which was always active in 
the defence and improvement of that section. Joseph Crockett, who, as 
early as 1750, lived on the head waters of the south fork of Holston, died 
in 1777. His will was proved in Augusta March 17, and his legatees were 
his wife Jean, sons Walter, Joseph, Hugh, Samuel and Robert, and 
daughters Martha, Mary, Agnes and Elizabeth. He had been commis- 
sioned captain of foot in Augusta militia in 1752 and at the time of his 
death lived on the south fork of Roanoke, though still owning the other 
land mentioned, Joseph Crockett, appears to have had brothers in Au- 
gusta so the family was a large one. 

Walter Crockett, son of Joseph, gave many years to public ser- 
vice and the defence of the frontier. In 1769 he was appointed J. P. for 
Augusta, for Botetourt in 1770 and for Fincastle 1773. After William 
Preston's death he was county lieutenant of Montgomery and held the 
same ofifice in Wythe, when that county was formed. There are several 
letters from him in Vol IV Calendar of Virginia State Papers. He was 
especially active in supressing Tories. Certainly of the same family, 
and probably a brother, was Joseph Crockett, Captain 7th Va. April 4, 
1776, of the 5th Va. Sept. 14, 1778, Major 11th Va. May 20, 1779, trans- 
ferred to 5th Va. July 12, 1781, and served to the close of the war. He 
held higher rank in the State troops than shown in the record of Heitman; 
for he received land bounty as lieutenant colonel (serving in that rank 
under George Rogers Clark) and in 1780-81 is referred to in the records 
as Colonel (See this magazine XXI 344.) 



ately of this, have therefore sent express in the meantime shall 
do everything in my power, you will please to give your advice 
and instructions. 

I am Sir, with great respect 

Your most Obed* 

Walter Crockett 
N. B. I have also ordered Capt. Mackswell to imbody a 
company in the head of Clintch till further orders. W. C. 

[Addressed] On public Service 
Colo. William Preston 

by Express 

[Endorsed] Walter Crockett to Colo. Preston 
7*^ April 1779 

The Disposition of Captain John Cox taken before Lieut. 
Colo. William Campbell — Saith; 

That about ten days ago a mmiber of arm'd men (to the 
number of twenty five as they informed this Deponent) came 

(6) Early in the summer of 1779 the Tories living near the head of the 
Yadkin River, North Carolina, and on New River and Walkers Creek, 
Montgomery coimty, Virginia, began to form into a body with the inten- 
tion of destroying the lead m.ines on New River (now in Wythe county), 
robbing loyal citizens and afterwards joining Comwallis. Col. Preston 
and the other officers of Montgomery made every effort to quiet the dis- 
affected and protect the citizens; but had to call on the authorities of 
Washington County for aid. Col. William Campbell with 150 mounted 
militia from that county came to the rescue and dividing into small 
parties, together with the loyal militia of Montgomery, after several 
weeks active pursuit dispersed or captured the insurgents. Col. Walter 
Crockett, Capt. Charles Lynch, Capt. Robert Sayers and Capt. Isaac 
Campbell were equally active and successful. After the suppression of 
the outbreak in Virginia Isaac Campbell and Sayers assisted with their 
companies in suppressing a Tory revolt in Surrey and Wilkes counties, 
N. C. A little valley called Black Lick, in the present Wythe county, 
was a shelter from which Tories made raids. They were captured by 
William Campbell's men, and a number were hung on two oaks, long 
afterwards known as the "Tory Trees". The necessary; but rough 
handling of the Tories compelled the legislature in Oct. 1779 to pass a law, 
justifying the acts of Campbell, Crockett and others and indemnifying 
them for any illegal actions. 



to his house and seized him in the Kings Name — they then took 
from the Dep* five Rifle Guns and one Smooth Gun, and made 
a demand of what money he had in Specie : They then ordered 
him to get them some Provisions, and asked him where his 
Meat was; of which the Dep* gave them some: He was then 
ordered to the Corn Crib, and to get his Stallion to carry the 
Com they wanted: They then took the Dep* into the Woods 
about eight or ten miles from home, to which place several men 
assembled in the time the Dep* was with them, which was near 
four days — That he was in this time often Solicited by those 
who took him to join their Party, and that if he would not join 
them that he would swear he would not lift arms against them 
or their Party or disclose any of their Secrets which he might 
have discovered: That he was accordingly sworn by William 
Atkins not to lift arms against them, nor discover any of their 
Secrets which he had come to the knowledge of while he was 
with them in Camp — That they then told him to go home until 
farther Trial, he apprehending that he was to be examined by 
an Authority Superior to what those who swore him were 
possesst of — That they kept three of his Rifles & the smooth 
Gun, returning two of the Rifles — That Joseph Caldwell and 
and William Atkins were the principal men of those who took 
the Dep*. That Atkins told him he had a List of Thousands, 
who had joined their party, upon the Western Waters — That 
he went home & in a few days after, Coyle and his Party came 
to the house of the Dep* (he being abroad when they first came) 
but came soon after) that upon seeing them, the Dep^ came up 
to them, and was immediately apprehended by Samuel Martin 
alias Samuel Brown: That he took the Dep*^ Stallion, Saddle 
and Bridle, a new coat, Breeches, and Sundry other articles of 
value, with his Pocket Book, Papers, and all the money there 
was in the Pocket Book, about one hundred Dollars. At their 
going away said Martin told the Dep* that he would leave him 
upon a Parole of Honor, and if he heard that the Dep* made the 
least murmuring concerning about what was done that the Dep* 
should suffer — That on Tuesday night last, nineteen or twenty 
of Caldwell party commanded by William Ingram came to 
the House of the Dep* — that next day they assembled to the 



number of one hundred and thirty as the Dep* was informed, 
tho' he did [not] count their number, but thinks there were 
considerably above a hundred — that they dispersed the second 
day [Wednesday] after they began to meet, being m^uch divided 
and irresolute in their councils & determinations; and proposed 
making some effort to compromise' the m.atter which they en- 
deavour to do by a piece of writing, Directed to Colo. Preston; 
which the Dep* thinks is only done with a design to amuse 
those against whom their designs are concerted, and to gain 
time to collect a large number of Men of their Party— Upon 
which the whole dispersed; apparently with a design to return 
home; that the Principal Actors in this conspiracy w^ere Joseph 
Caldwell, WilHam Atkins, John Hudson, Charles Collins, 
but that he understood Marion Doty, who lives in Elk Creek 
was to have the chief command though he did not appear 
at the Dep* House among those who assembled there — That 
frequent Messages were sent from the Plouse of the Deponent, 
by the Insurgents to their Friends and Partizan on Elk Creek, 
requesting them immediately to join the Party; that he under- 
stood they had refused, because the others had risen contrary 
to orders; that the Deponent learned the design of the Insur- 
gents was upon their rising, to seize and secure the Principal 
Officers in the parts or districts in which they should rise (which 
was to be done at a prefixed tim.e, there having risen prematurely 
& without orders) & if they would not take the Oaths which 
the Insurgents would impose, that they would carry them to 
the English Army in Georgia, where they were to be given up 
to the English; and farther saith not. 

Sworn to before me John Cox 

16*^ July 1779 

Wm. Campbell— [Endorsed] Peper About Insurgents, 1779] 

Governor Jefferson to AYilliam Preston 

Aug. 7 1779. 

You are desired to call together your field officers & in 
conjunction v/ith them to recommend to the Executive a Lieu- 
tenant & an Ensign to take commiand in one of the batallions 
o be raised for the defence of the Western fromtier under an 



act of the late assembly intitled "an act for raising a body of 
troops for the defence of the Commonwealth" the men to be 
raised in your County under the same act & the officers to be 
recommended by you, if appointed, are to hold themselves in 
readiness on the shortest warning to proceed to such post 
on the Southwestern frontier, or on such other Western Service 
as shall be ordered by the Executive or the officer who shall 
be appointed to take command of them, be pleased to transmit 
your recommendation to the Executive in Williamsburg by the 
earliest opportunity you can, & also to report to them from 
time to time yoiur progress in raising your men. I am sir: 
Montgomery Your very humble Ser* 

[Address] 8 Sept. came to hand Th. Jefferson 

Col. Preston— [Endorsed] Gov. Jefferson to Col. Preston 

John Hendersons Confession, (8) 1780. 

John Hendersons Confession. Griffey & Pat Rindor came 
to my House ab* March 1779 and Griffey told me we were sold 
to France & the Country was lost, but the chief of the Country 
men for joining the King. I was to take a list of such as would 
join, an acc't was to be taken, that at a future day a distinc- 

(7) James McGavock J. P. for Botetourt 1770 and Fincastle 1773 
and an active officer against the Indians and Tories, was born in 1728 
in Antrim Ireland, settled in that part of Augusta nowf Rockbridge pre- 
vious to 1757. In 1760 he married Mary, daughter of David Cloyd and 
removed to Fort Chiswell, now in Wythe county. The land purchased 
by him is still owned by his descendants. In 1775 he was a member of 
the Fincastle Committee of Safety. He died March 22, 1812. 

See The McGavock Family (1903) by Rev. Robert Gray. 

(8) This confession probably refers to an attempted Tory uprising 
in the spring and summer of 1780. In the Draper collection are lette 
from Preston March 1780, giving notice of a Tory conspiracy, anothe 
July 5, ordering the disarming of Tories on Walkers and Wolf's Creeks, 
and various other letters on the subject. On Aug. 6, Col. Walter 
Crockett wrote from Fort Chiswell that he was about to march with 
250 men against the Tories on New River and on Aug. 8, Preston wrote 
to the Governor describing the Tory insurection and the capture and 
punishment of the conspirators. 



tion might be made betwixt Whig & Tory that 60,000 had been 
been engaged in America & he remmed after staying one night. 
And he swore me to keep vSecret. 

I afterwards engaged & swore either on the oaths of Secrecy 
or the Oath of the King a number of Persons. 
The second time he came was spring 1780 perhaps June 
I went down Walker Creek with him to Brittons. His Business 
seemed to be to warn the Kings friends to be ready to assemble 
when called upon & march to join the English. He then came 
from Gen '1 Clinton & informed me he had taken Charles Town 
& would advance into the country. I understood Griff y ex- 
pected a Regim*. He expected to wait in the country till a 
Runner would come from the English & then he was to give us 
notice. He said he had his orders from Jo : Robinson. He sa^ 
New River in a general way was concerned. He seem.ed to 
expect that in Aug* he would require us to embody & be ready 
That he knew they would loose their estates now, but they 
would be made good again out of the Forfeited Estates. 
[Endorsed] Hendersons Confession 1779 [1780] Insurgents 

Martin Armstrong (9) to — 

Surry County No. Carolina 
April the 10 1780 


Tho unacquainted make free to inform you of an insurrec- 
tion which in a short time is to take place on the frontiers 
from Georgia to Virginia Colo. McDowell is my author (to wit) 
that they have Received 20 horse load of Ammunition from the 
Cherokes Nation, and it is to be Reinforced by 1500 of those 

(9) This movement of Tories and Indians was to cooperate with the 
British forces which landed near Charleston, Feb. 11,1780. On April 
14, the Americans were badly defeated at Monks Corners and on May 
12, Charleston surendered; Buford's command was cut to pieces at Wax- 
haw, May 29th. On Aug. 13, the battle of Camden was fought. There 
were dark days for the Americans in the South until at Kings Mountain, 
Oct. 7, 1780, the tide began to turn. 



blood thirsty savages, the 25*^ of April is the time they intend 
to Imbody besides this Intelligence from Cataba Mr. Benja- 
min Johnston of your country informs me much the same 
and exactt corrisponds with the former We are Imbodying 
here but the time of their intended revolt is so near that I am 
afraid our friends near them will be distressed before we have a 
sufficient number to repell them 

pray Sir if possible lend us your assiatance If we can suppress 
them before they can put their Bloody and inhuman bar- 
barities in execution it will be the means of saving the lives 
and property of many worthy citizens — ^besides it is a duty we 
owe God and our Country in this day of distress one Dolly on 
New River is one of their head men and is latly come from 
Gen'l Clinton The shceme is deeply laid and and nothing 
will do but to repell force with force, and as Providence has been 
ever kind to us in discovering there most Secret Machenations 
So in this which I hope will prove Downfall 

I am Sir 

Yours Etc. 

Martin Armstrong 
A copy of Colo. Martin Armstrongs letter 
Sent to me by Express 

Walter Crockett 

April the 15*^ 1780 
N. B. I will send a copy of the same letter to Colo. Arthur 
Campbell as we cannot be too well prepared if in case they do 
put their Scheme in Execution — ^W. C. 

April the 15*^ 1780 


In closed I sent you a copy of Colo. Armstronge letter Sent 
to me the contents thereof is very allarming and if you see cause 
you may give orders accordingly and Dictate therefrom as 
suites you — also I have Received a letter from Colo, owen 
desiring me to send men up the River and to disarm Capf 
Osbume's, Cox's and Swifte's Companys but this is so throng a 



time and the people so Buisey putting in their Crops that it 
will be most impossible to get men to go at present 

I am Sir 

Your most obedient & most H'ble Serv* 
Walter Crockett 

[Addressed] Colo. William Preston — 

On publick Service 
[Endorsed] Martin Armstrong & Walter Crocketts Letter 
abt. the Tories Apr. 15-1780 

Andrew Pickens (9) to William Preston 
Old Moravian Town, March 10*^ 1781. 


I inclose you a Letter. I have wrote in General to the 
Inhabitants over the Mountains and hope it will meet your 

(10) The usual accounts of General Pickens state that he was bom 
in Paxton, Bucks Co. Pa. Sept 19, 1739, and with his parents removed 
to the Waxhaw Settlement, S. C. in 1752; but it is much more probable 
that his parents (whose names are not given in accesible notes) lived a 
number of years on Virginia. Like most of the members of the Scotch- 
Irish emigration there was a little group of kinsfolk of the Pickens name, 
which emigrated from Pa. to Va. John Pickens and Eleanor his wife, living 
in Augusta while a part of Orange received a deed in 1740. In 1745 John 
Pickens was appointed one of the first justices of Augusta, and in several 
deeds is styled "gentleman". In 1747, in Augusta, he sued for slander 
a man who said he ran away from Paxton Township for debt. Pickens 
is stated to have been a trader and cattle dealer. By 1754 he had left 
the county. Andrew Pickens was appointed one of the first justices of 
Augusta in 1745 and lived in the county some years longer, William 
Pickens lived in Augusta in 1746, and in 1753 his wife was Ann Scott. 
Gabriel Pickens lived in Augusta 1742-52. Thomas Pickens was a juror 
1767. Benjamin Pickens a tithable 1767. In 1768 Abram Pickens is noticed 
as the husband of Ann, daughter of Aaron Oliver. Israel Pickens owned 
land in Augusta 1749; but in 1751 was one on the Cub Creek Presbyterian 
congegation, then in Lunenburg, later in Charlotte. He was probably 
ancestor of Israel Pickens, governor of Alabama 1821-25, and U. S. 
Senator. The destingushed record of Brigadier General Andrew Pickens 
of South Carolina, the writer of the letter in the text is well known. 



approbation — General Greene has ordered me to the Southward 
I can I trust be of some use tho I am afraid I shall be too weak — 
It lies in your power to help us greatly by forwarding the 
plan. Your zeal for the cause I am sure will make you do all 
in your power it certainly is your interest 

I am Sir, y^ mo. h'ble Serv* 
And'w Pickens 

[Addressed] Colonil Will Preston 
[Endorsed] Gen '11 Picken's Lett^ & Plan March 1781 
(To be continued) 




William Purefey of Drayton, county Leicester gent. 
Will 26 April 1634; proved 19 May 1634. To my wife Jane 
Purefey one half of my household stuff. To the poor 40s. 
To my servants so much as my executors think fit. Rest of 
my goods to be sold and the money employed as I appoint. 
For the land in Atterton which tvas purchased by William 
Purefey of Caldecoate and Henry Grey of Burbage, Esqrs, with 
part of the legacy of £400 which was bequeathed to my only 
son Michael Purefey by the will of his godfather Michael 
Purfey deceased, my will is that said land shall either be as- 
sured to my said son and his heirs by said William Purefey 
and Henry Grey or otherwise be sold by them, if it shall seem 
good, to my executors and the price thereof together with 
the money formerly mentioned to be employed in the pur- 
chase of lands of inheritance in the name of my said son and 
heirs. Two thirds of the rents of said lands so purchased 
shall be paid to my said wife Jane half yearly : if said two thirds 
exceed £40 per annum then the overplus shall go as in my mil 
disposed. The third part of the rents shall go to the main- 
tenance of my son and for his education. If said son shall 
die before 21 years of age then the whole profits to my said wife 
so long as she continues a widow. After such death of her 
second marriage my executors shall have £100 apiece towards 
their pains and the rest of the profits of said lands divided be- 
twixt my brother Edward Purefey and my nephew Raphe 
Ptuefey of Shaldeston, Gierke. I appoint my nephews 
George Purefey of Wadley, county Berks and William Purefey 
of Cgldecoate, county Warwick, and PIenr>^ Grey of Burbage 



county Leicester Esqure executors. Aforesaid nephews and 
executors to be guardians of said son. Witness : Edw. Purefey, 
Geo. Abbott, Robt Mason, J. Withers. 
Geo. Abbott, Robt Mason, }. Withers. Seager, 36. 

[Capt. Thomas Purefoy came to Virginia before 1628 and was for a 
number of years a man of prominence. He named a tract of land (1000 
acres) for which he obtained a grant, "Drayton". The intricacies of 
the Purefoy pedigree in England are too great for a genealogist not 
specially equipped; but the testator was probably a son of William 
'Purefoy of Caldecote, who married Katherine Wigston, This William, 
a grandson of Thos. Purefoy, of Daryton, had a brother Humphrey 
Purefoy of Baswell (died 1598), who married Alice Faunt. Some 
Americans have jumped to the conclusion that Thomas, a son of Hum- 
phrey was the emigrant to Virginia. He may have been but there is 
no proof of it.] 

Abstract of the Nuncupative WILL of WILLIAM WEST, 
of Dedsham in the parish of Slinfold, co. Sussex, gent. 
[No month] 1610. (sic) Proved 21 June 1616. 

That he then taking his voyage unto Virginia (where he died) 
did declare, that all his goods whatsoever, unto MARY BLUNT, 
the wife of RICHARD BLUNT, of Dedsham, Esq. and did 
then appoint the said MARY, Executrix. 


Proved June 21 1916 by the Sole Executrix named. 60 Cope. 
[In the fall of 1610 the Indians killed, near the Falls of James River, 
Capt. William West, nephew of Lord Delaware, then Governor of 
Virginia. Doubtless he was the testator.] 

Mr. THOMAS ROPER [no place] [Parts beyond the Seas] 
No date. Proved 5 Feb. 1626-7 

I desire that JOHN WEST my servant maie bee sett free and 
likewise ALEXANDER GILL Servant to Captain PIERCE 
or else if he refuse to release him then the said ALEXANDER 
GILL to receive 2001b of tobacco from Cagtain PIERCE. 



All tobaccoes due to me in Virginia tl my brother JOHN 

ROPER in England and that Mr. GEORGE FITZ JEFF- 

ERYES receave it to the use of my said brother. 

One payre of linnen Breeches to WILLIAM SMITH of James 


To my brother JOHN ROPER, £300 in the hands of my father 
in law Mr. THOMAS SHEAPERD, of Mome {?Moine] in 

To Mr. HAUTE WYATT, Minister of James City, 50s. 
Residuary Legatee: my brother JOHN ROPER 
EREY: Witnesses. 

5 Feb. 1626-7 Administration granted to JOHN ROPER, 
principal legatee no executors being named. May 1624 ad- 
ministration granted to THOMAS SHEPARD father of JOHN 
"ex matemo" of said deceased, during minor estate. 11 

[Thomas Roper, "of Milden in Bedfordshire, Gent.", came to Vir- 
ginia in 1623. Capt. Pierce was William Pierce, member of the Coun- 
cil. George Fitz Geffrey "of Howton Conquest; Bedfordshire, gent," 
came to Virginia in 1623. Haute Wyatt, minister of Jamestown, was 
brother of Governor Sir Francis Wyatt, and had two sons who settled 
in Virginia.] 

Abstrat of the WILL of JOHN STEPTOE, late of Ock- 
ingham, in oo. Barks., scrivenor. 

Dated 20 March 1610. Proved 27 March 1611. 

He gave all his goods and chattels, to his daughter RUTHE 

Sole executor: his brother ALEXANDER STEPTOE. 
Proved 27 March 1611 by the Sole Executor named. 22 Wood. 

[Several of the wills here given are those of persons of rather unusual 
names, and will serve as clues for further research. Great Britian and 
the United States are now closer together than at any time since 1775, 
and when the war is over many more Americans will be interested in 
tracing their ancesty to the old home. Anthony Steptoe, the first of 
the name in Va. was born 1653 and was living in Northumberland Co., 
Va. 1697. He came with Mr John Cossens from Cudridge [Goodrich?] 
near Bishops Walton, Hampshire.] 



James Hawley of Brainford, county Middlesex, Esquier 
Will 2 September 1622; proved 4 May 1624. 
To my son William Hawley £150. To my daughters Kather- 
ine and Susan £200 apiece. To my three children which I 
had by my last (sic) wife, Henry, Valentine and Thomas to be 
paid at their ages of 14 years. Residue to my son Jerom 
Hawley sole executor. My cosen Valentine Saunders thelder 
and my brother William Hawley and Henry Hawley, Over- 
seers. Witnesses : Arthur Mundye, John Barnard, 42 Byrde. 

[James Hawley, the testator, was brother of Jerome Hawley who 
was a member of the Council of Maryland 1634, returned to England in 
1635; but came back to Virginia early in 1638 as colonial treasurer, and 
died' during the year. Henry Hawley, long Governor or Councillor of 
Barbadoes, and William Hawley, long a resident of Maryland were also 
brothers of James. See Neill's Virginia Carolorum 139-142] 

Richard Kennor of Shipton under Whichwood, county 
Oxon, yeoman. Woll 17 September 1627; proved 13 No- 
vember 1627 To Cathedral Church of Christchtirch in Oxon 
12d. To parish church of Hollywell suburbs of Oxford 6s. 8d. 
To Church of Shipton 10s. To poor of Shipton £5. To my 
daughter Elizabeth Surman's two children £10 each. To my 
daughter Edith Richardson £40. To my daughter Katherin 
Willet £40. To Jane Miilerd the daughter of my daughter 
Anne Miilerd £10. To my daughter Susan Harris now wife 
of John Harris £40. To Richard Kennor son of my son John 
Kennor deceased m.y house and lands in Handborough, county 
Oxon. For want of heirs of said Pdchard then I give said house 
and lands to the heirs of -my daughter Katherine Willett for 
ever. To said Richard also £30. To Richard Painter my 
daughter Edith's son £5. To my wife Joane Kennor £50. 
with bedding and furniyure Residue to my sons in law William 
Otwell als Stevens and Skay executors. William Hunt 
of Faringdon and Mr. Fryers Minister of Askot Overseers 20s. 
each. Witnesses; Stevens, John, Zach. Smith. 103 

[This will and the following one may indicate the localty where 
search should be made for the ancestry of Richard Kenner, who settled 
in Northumberland County, Va., before 1664, married in that year 
Elizabeth, daughter of Matthew Rodham, and was a member of the 
House of Burgesses 1688, 1691, 1692.] 



Henry Renner of St. Peters Baylie in the city of Oxford, 
Taylor. Will 20 November 1639; proved 28 February 1639. 
Body to parish churchyard neare unto my children. My 
house and lands at Ockingham county Berks which I bough of 
Mr. Henry Langley of Abingdon to my wife Marie for her life, 
afterwards to my son Benjamin Kenner and lawful heirs. 
If he die without issue then to my two daughters Marie and 
Martha Kenner and their heirs equally, for default to my right 
heirs. To my son Benjamin £10 at 21 years. To my daughters 
Marie and Martha £10 apece at 21 years or marriage. So soon 
as my son Benjamin shall be seized of said house and land he 
shall pay to his said two sisters £5 apiece. To my father 
William. Kenner and my mother Winifred Kenner 2s. 6d. 
apeece for a pair of gloves. To my father and mother in law 
Francis and Ann Lath 2s. 6d. each for gloves as a token. Res- 
idue to my wife Mary sole executrix. My friends John Ban- 
ister of the city of Oxford, Cordwainer, John Bolt of the Uni- 
versity of Oxford, Cordwainer, John Bolt of the University 
of Oxford, cooke, Mr. John Fulckes of Oxford Taylor and 
Richard Phillipps of Oxford, Cordwainer, Overseers. To each 
of them a pair of gloves. Witnesses; Francis Lath, Anne Lath, 
Thomas Holloway. 29 Coventry. 

Epaphroditus Lawson of Drunmin parish of Kill, county 
Cavan, gent. Will 12 July 1718; proved 11 May 1719. To 
wife Margret Lawson benefit of a lease I hold from Honble 
Thomas Coote Esq of part of Drunmin part of Comcarrow, 
and 3 tenements in Coothill and at her decease to my son Coote 
Lawson. To my 4 daughters Mary Lawson, Jane Lawson, 
Katheren Lawson, and Elizabeth Lawson £100 my Brother 
in law Mr. John Williams put out at interest for my use. To my 
daughter Joan Grace £10. Executors: Wife and Cousen 
Henry Young of Cootehill. Witnesses: Allen Johnston, John 
Williams, John Williams junr. 

Prerogative Court Ireland. Will Book 1718-20, no 119. 

[Two brothers, Epaphroditus and Rowland Lawson, settled in Isle 
of Wight County, Va., as early as 1636, and subsequently removed to 
Lancaster County, Va. The family has many descendants. See this 
Magazine IV, 202, 203, 313, 314. What the connection with the testa- 
tor was does not appear] 



John Pinkard, of Keynsham, county Somerset. Will 6 
May 1653; proved 30 Septemger 1653. I bequeath my body 
to be buried in the church of Keynsham, where I am now visited 
with sickness. I give unto my eldest son John £9, which Sir 
Thomas Bridges oweth unto me for meat; also one brov/n nag, 
and 10 fat ewes now in the marsh. To my son William £10 
at the end of 7 years. To my daughter in law Mary Mascall, 
£5 at her day of marriage; and the like to my daughters Joane, 
Mary and Jane Pinkard, always provided that these my daugh- 
ters be dutiful and obedient tmto their mother, and match 
with her consent and approbation, otherwise my will is that 
they should have but 12d. apiece. All the rest of my goods I 
bequeath to my well beloved wife Mary, whom I make my ex- 
ecutrix. John Pinkard his mark Proved by the executrix 
named. Brent 167. 

William Pinkerd of Thenford, county Northampton, 
yeoman. Will 17 June 1645; proved 21 June 1653. I make my 
son Henry sole executor of my will, giving him all my temporal 
substance, including all m> interests in a certain tenement 
in Sulgrave in the said county, and all my arable land in the 
fields of Sulgrave, with all the evidences, deeds and writings 
con?eming the same. To my son Robert I give 20s. The 
mark of William Pinkerd. Witnesses: William Osbom, min- 
ister of Thenford. Proved by the executor nam.ed. 3 Brent. 

[The counties represented in these two wills are too far apart for 
them to be of much value as genealogical suggestions. The first of the 
name in Virginia was Capt. John Pinkard, of Lancaster County, who 
was a member of the House of Burgesses in 1688, and died in 1689. 
See Wm. Mary Quartity XI, 262 &c.l 

Edmond Poythras of Dymock, county Gloucester, yeoman. 
Will 20 February 1639; proved 23 May 1630. To Edmond 
Harper son of Richard Harper of Much Markle county Here- 
ford 3s. To Marie Williams daughter of Richard Williams of 
Dymock aforesaid 3s. 4d. To Marie Barnett daughter of John 
Bamett late of Ledbury 3s. 4d. To Elizabeth daughter of 
Edward Griffiiths 3s. 4d. To Elizabeth Bamett wife of Francis 
Bamett my daughter in law 40s. To Sibill Greene wife of 



Nicholas Greene of Llsoignton, county AVigorne 40s. To 
Joane and Anne Loveridge my daughters in lav/, singlewomen, 
all my free land arable and pasture lying in Much Marckle 
aforesaid and their heirs for ever paying to the chief lord of 
lords such rents as are of right custom. Residue to Jane my 
wife sole executrix. Witnesses: Hen. Hooper, Thos. Hooper, 
Wm. Gamon, Rich. Hooper, Hen. Hooper, Thos Whoper, 
Wm Gamon, Rich. Hooper. Coventry 62. 

[This name, spelled Poythress in Virginia, is a very unusual one, 
and has now, it is believed, only one male representative in America. 
The first of the name in Virginia v.-as Francis Poythress, who was a 
planter and also agent for Lawrence Evans, a London merchant. In 1639 
Evans charged that Poythress hr.d behaved very badly in the atlairs of 
his agency. The Governor and Council appointed four of the ablest 
merchants in Virginia to examine the matter and they decided that 
Evans owed Po^'thress 13.870 lbs. tobacco as commissions. Later 
in the year Evans procured from the English Sub-Committee on Foriegn 
Plantations order for a new trial of the case; but nothing appears in regard 
to it. Francis Poythress was a Burgess for Charles City October 1644, 
Feb. 1644-5, Nov. 1647, for Northumberland Oct. 1649, and in March 
16 15-6 was appointed to command a force against the Indians, On acco unt 
of the destruction of most of the records of Charles City and Prince 
George it is in-rpossible to prepare any full arju sumciently proved account 
of his descendants; but there is much infornation in regared to them 
in vols. VII; IX; and XIX, of this Magazine. Any investigation in 
England would do well to begin in Glaucestershire.] 

R0BP:RT LUNSFORD, of the parishe of Hollington 
Co. Sussex. 

Dated 13 Oct. 1611. Proved 24 Jan. ie;il-12 

To the poor of the parish of Ilollington, 10s. 
To ELIZABETH, my daughter, .£100. 

To ANNE LUNSFORD, my daughter, fowcrscore pounds to 
be paid at the age of eighteen yeares. 

To my daughter JOANE, fov/erscore poundcs, lo be paid at 
lilve age. 

To my Sonne, V.^LLIAM LUNSFORD, £100, to be paid at 
the age of one and twenty yercs. And my will is that ^VILL- 



lAM BATHERST, of the Castle parishe shall have the bring- 
inge of him upp. 

To my Sonne ROBERT LUNSFORD and to his heires for 
ever, the reversion of my landes called Channey after my fath- 
er 's decease, lyinge in the parishe of Saint Mihilles, Also two 
St. Clements in Hasting. Also one annunity of £3 out of the 
lands of JOHN YOUNGE, deceased, late of Tisherst called 

To my Sonne HARBERT LUNSFORD, my farm called 
Harely and Filsome, he payinge unto my wife ELIZABETH, 
50s. a yeare. 

Residuary Legatee and Sole Executrix: ELIZABETH my wife. 
If my wife marrye after my decease she shall enter into sufficient 
bonds to WILLIAM WOOD of Crowherst, gent., for the pay- 
inge of my Childrens portions. 


Proved 24 Jan. 1611-12 by the Sole Executrix named. 5 

[The tesator was the same family as Sir Thomas Lunsford, of 
Wylie, Sussex, who came to Virginia, and who had a brother, Sir Herbert 
Lunsford; but his name does not appear in the pedigree in Berry's Sussex 




(From his letter gook in the Collection of the Virginia Historical 


To Mr. North 

Virginia August 8*^ 1690 

I wrote you at large by Ruddes & since have not been able 
to procure fraight for any Goods onely two H^' of skins &c^ 
on board the James as ^ bill of Ladeing & invoice inclosed, 
though the termes hard. Tatnall promised to take mee in 30 
H^^ provided I would consigne them to some of his owners; 
& I tooke my notes but when hee understood I designed them 
to m"" Comwell, & not to Jenings hee left them all out, I hear hee 
hath none but what goes to Jenings; If you will not send our 
owne ships nor get no fraight otherways, wee must ship itt as 
wee can. I hope Bradly (who will scarce sail till Octob^ 
will take mee Some ftirs & skins considerable, or I shall bee at a 
great Loss haveing near 300 H^" of Tobo by mee besides y« 
other Comoditys. 

Arthur Spicer (1) I believe gives you a blind Acco*- of yo^ 
business w*^ Brain hee neglecting Sufficiently to prove his 
Letter of Attorney 

Wee Sent you a retume of our token by Ruddes, £5 whereof 

you must charge to mee Viz*^ Selfe, R. P. Rich'^ Blande, Rich^ 

Cock & Hugh Davis. _^ 

(1) Arthur Spicer, of Rappahannock and Richmond counties, was a 
merchant and lawyer, was a son of Alice Spicer, widow (in 1700) of 
Richmond, Surey, England, and a brother of John Spicer of London. 
In his will he directed that his son John be sent to England for education, 
preferably to the Chaster House. 



I have wrote to m'^ Bacon & m'' Harpiir ab* their business, 
Sheerwood' goes in Arnold & hee can give the Latter a full 

I wonder you doe not So much as mention m^ Banisters 
mony, though hee gave mee an Order for all in yo'' hands 
I know you rec^) So that it is impossible for mee to reckon w**^ 
m'" Banister; Such dilatory advice must needs dissuade every 
body from Sending any by Ex'ca or allmost otherwise. I hope 
you will bee so kind as to lett us hear more frequently from 
you w^^ would give us Some Satisfaction. 

I have Sent otherways for my Wine for I find you & the 
Choice Lad will Spare us none thats good most of the Clarett 
Sent this year being allready utterly Spoiled, Viz* Dead Sower 
& Mother}^ Please to give my humble Service to all our 
friends, & excuse any thing may Seem harsh, for He assure you 
no man hath a greater or more reall respect for you then 


Yo^ faithful friend & Serv* 
W. B. 

To m^ North ^ James 

Post, Pray Send mee a doz Rideing Neck Cloths & 2 or 3 
pr Linen Stock : to ride in let y"' bee Sticht Handsomely 

To Perry and Lane 

Virg'a August y^ 8*^ 1690 


This onely accompany 's the Sloop Amy & to cover the in- 
closed bill of Ladeing for fourteen H^^ Tob'o on board her, 
God Send all well home, I am 


Yo'" Humble Serv* 
W. B. 

To P. & L. ^ y° Amy 



To Perry and Lane 

Virginia August 8*^ 1690 


This will come to your hands by Col'o Ludwell, who hath 
made a Sudden resolution for England again, what may bee 
the chief motives I know not, but hee offers mee his Service 
M'" Aylways business. So that I hope hee will not doe mee 
any prejudice therein; (the letters T mention^ formerly I sent 
to m'" Povey, whose assistance I have intreated in the pur- 
chaseing Aylway out, I hope you will consult him & interview 
itt. I am not jealous of any body's acting to my prejudice 
(if Col'o Ludwell is reall) unless Dan '11 Parke (2) should gett 
any acquaintance w*^ Aylway; I hope you will use yo'" utmost 
indeavours herein & I doe not question but my L^ Effingham 
& m^ Blathwait will bee kind to mee in that affair; 

Col'o Ludwell told mee hee thought Aylway would demand 
£300 w:^ I would give, nay rather then fail £50 more, but 
I must refer that wholly to yourselves for more or Less as you 
find Occasion : 

I have wrote Largely by Severall, therefore shall not repeat 
business haveing Sent duplicates of y^ most materiall, onely 
have charged £9 on yon payable to Mas'" Stith, Since my Last, 
w^^ I desire you to pay & charge that w*^ m'" Povy 's bill to my 
p'ticular Acco* the rest to y^ Audito" 

Cap* P. Perry goes now to Kiquotan, whom I have desired 
to take what bills of Exca Col'o Page or m'" Jenings hath for 
mee & inclose the first to you; w""^ I hope you'l take notice of, 
I have desired you formerly to buy what wine I sent for y« 
Councell of m^ Hawkins by Col'o Ludwells advice, I now desire 
you to buy I as much for my Selfe of y^ Same p'son w*^ y® 
Same advice, all but Rhenish, of w""^ I would desire you to pro- 
cure two or 33^2 Tuns from m"" Sanserf of Rotterdam, (that I had 
formerly proveing very good) this is for a tryall for my Selfe 
& friends 

I am now building att Westopher & desire you to Send mee 
One Bed Bedstea d Curtains, w*^ all manner furniture, Chairs, 
(2) This was Danial Parke, the younger. 



table, Looking Glass for a Chamber to bee Handsome & neat, 
but cheap, also 1 doz. best Rushia Lether Chairs, 1 Small, 1 
Middleing & 1 large Ovall table; 

Pray Give my Humble Service to all friends, 8c my Blessing 
to y^ Children, w*^ best respects I take Leave 


Yo^ Htimble Serv* 
mons"" Juniens Accomplishment of prophecy please to send mee 
& 1 good Sealing Wax 
To P. & L. ^ Col'o Ludwell. 

To Perry and Lane 

August y« S*'^ 1690 


This Serves only to cover the Contents of foiu* H'^^ of skins 
& furres, put on board Cap* Morgan, w:*^ I hope will arrive 
safe to your Hands Cap* P'- Perry will Send you a bill Ladening 

I am, 


Yo'" Humble Serv* 
W. B. 

To P. & L. W Morgan 

To Warham Horsmanden 

August y« 8*h 1690 

Worthy S^ 

I wrote ab* a fortnight Since wherein I gave you an Acco* 
of all our Wellfare, but haveing this Oppertunity by Colo. 
Ludwell I would not omitt itt; What extraordinary Occasion 
brings this Bearer for England so soon again I know not, hee 
promises mee fair^ So that I hope I 'may bee in no danger of my 
place that way & though m^ Aylway hath the Right by Order 
of King & Councell yet as long as I can keep an uninterrupted 
possession thereof I shall not much value it; but I hope this 
year to buy him out. 

My wife & family (thank God) are in good health onely 
Molly hath been lately Sicke, but is now well again. 



Pray S"" please to give my best respects to all where due 
my blessings to the Children & accept of mine & my wives 
Duty o your selfe & Mother from 


Yo' Ogedierrt Son & Serv* 
W. B. 

To ffather Horsmanden 
^ Colo. Ludwell 

To Daniel Horsmanden 

Virg'a Aug:y«8*h 1690 


About a fortnight Since I gave you the trouble of a few Lines, 
but now finding Colo. Ludwell boimd for England again, I 
would not omit this to congratulate you & your good Lady on 
your Marriage, wherein I wish you all imaginable Joy & Hap- 
piness, and that Heaven may pour downe blessings on you 
both to your hearts desire. Wee are here att ye end of y® 
World, & Europe may bee turned topsy turvy ere wee can hear 
a Word of itt, but when news comes wee have itt by whole 
Sale, very often much more then truth; therefore, I beg the 
fav' to hear from you as frequently as may bee: My Bro: 
Rand though hee hath daily advantages from Deale, to Send 
to Virg'a or Maryland, where hee might Send us the Last 
news, yett I Scarce get a few Lines from him once a year. 

I wrote to you formerly ab* m}^ Daughters, wherein you will 
bee as kind as may bee, as also in giveing my Son Good advice. 

My Humble Service to S"" Charles Tirrell & his Lady (m^ 
Jan hath lately a fever, but is now well recovered) and all 

I shall now onely beg you to make my humble respects & 
Service acceptable to your good Lady by your presentment, 
& you shall not want "the good wishes of health & prosperity 

Dear Bro- 

Yo*" Affectionate Bro : & humble Serv ' 
To Bro: Dan '11 by W. B. 

Colo. Ludwell (To Be Continued) 



VIRGINIA IN 1681-2. 

(Abstracts by W. N. Sansbiuy, and Copies in the McDonald 
and De Jamette Papers, Virginia State Library.) 

Charles R. 

Instructions for Our Right Trusty and Well-beloved 
Thomas, Lord Culpeper Our Lieut* and Governor General 
OF Our Colonies and Dominion of Virginia in America and 
IN His Absence to Commander in Chiefe of Our Said 

Given at our Court at Whitehall the 27*^ day of January, 
1683^ in the 33 '"^ year of our Reigne 

Whereas by Our Letter Patents under Our Great Seale 
of England bearing date the eighth day of July in the 27*^ 
year of Our Reigne. Wee granted unto you Thomas, Lord 
Culpepper the Office of Our Lieutenant and Governor General 
of Our Colonie and Dominion of Virginia to hold execute and 
enjoy the said office during your natural life, next and immed- 
iately after the death, surrender, forfeiture or other sooner 
determination of the Interest of Sir William Berkley Knight. 
1 And whereas you are from the death or 

To repair other avoidance of the said Sir William 
thither Berkley by virtue of our said Ltres Patents 
become possessed of the said office of Our 
Lieutenant and Governor General of Our 
said Colonie and Dominion; You shall there- 
fore fit yourselfe with all convenience speed 
and repair to Vurginia. 



2 And being arrived there you are forthwith 
Upon arrival to call a meeting of the Members of Our 
to assemble Council for that our Colonic and Dominion 
the Council by name 

Sir Hen. Chicheley Gov"" 
Nathaniel Bacon — 
Nicholas Spencer — 
Robert Smith — 
Philip Ludwell — 
Jos. Bridger — 
William Cole — 
John Custis — 
Richard Lee — 
Ralph Wormley — 
John Page — 
Mathew Kemp — 
William Bird Esq'' 

3 At which meeting after having published 
After publishing in usual manner Our said L 'res Patents 

y« Commission constituting you Our Lieutenant Governor 
to take and General of Oiu* Said Colonic and Dominion 
administer you shall take yourselfe and also administer 
y« Oaths the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy and 
directed by all such other Oaths usually taken and Ad- 
the Commission ministered as by Our Commission or the 
given you under Our Great Seale is directed. 

4 Amd you are to communicate imto Our 
To Com- Council of Virginia from time to time such 

municate such and so many of Our Instructions given unto 
Instructions as you as you shall find convenient for Our Ser- 

he shall vice to be imparted unto them. 

think fit. 

5 And Our further Will and Pleasure is that 
That the the Members of the said Council shall and 

Council have may have and enjoy freedom of Debate and 
freedom of and vote in all things debated of in Council, 
debate and vote. 



Three of the 
Council to make 
a quorum 
unless upon 

The Counsellors 
and Chief 
Officers to be 
men of Estate 
and Abilities. 


Not to augment 

or diminish 
the number of 
the Coimcil 
nor suspend 
any member 
without cause 
to be 
with the proofs. 


in case of 
their absence for 
the greater part 
of two years 
without leave 
from ye Gov. or 
his Ma*'^ 
their places 
to be void. 

And although by Our Commission bearing 
even date with these presents wee have 
thought fit to direct that any Three of Our 
Coimsellors make a Quorum. It is neverthe- 
less Our Will and Pleasure that you do not 
act with a Quonmi of less than five Members, 
unless upon Extraordianary occasions. 

And in the choice of Members of the said 
Council, in case of any Vacancies or Sus- 
pensions, as alsoe of the Great Officers, 
Judges, Assistants, Justices and Sheriffs, you 
are always to take care that they are men of 
estate and abilities and not neccessitious 
people or much in debt. 

And our Will and Pleasure is that you doe 
neither augment nor diminish the number of 
Oiu" Said Council as it is hereby established, 
nor suspend any of the present Members 
thereof without good and sufficient cause. 
And in case of suspension of any of them you 
are forthwith to transmit unto Us and to the 
Lords of Oiu- Privy Council appointed a Com- 
mittee for Trade and Foreign Plantations y* 
reasons for yom soe doing together with the 
charges and proofs against the said persons 
and their answer thereunto. 

And ye are to signify Our Pleastire unto Our 
said Council that if any of them shall here- 
after absent themselves without leave from 
Our Governor for the time being first ob- 
tained, or remain absent for the space of two 
years or the greater part thereof without 
Our leave given them under Our Royal Sig- 
nature their place or places in Our said Coun- 
cil shall immediately thereupon become void 
and that wee will forthwith take care that 
others be appointed in thier stead. 



To send names And you are from time to time to send Us 
and qualities and CKir said Committee of Trade and Plan- 
of members taions the names and qualities of any Mem- 
by him put into bers by you put into the said Council by the 
the Council, first conveniency after you soe doing. 

And you are to observe in the passing of 
Laws That the Stile of Enacting the same 
By Governor Council & Assembly be hence- 
forth used and no other. 


The enacting 
Stile By the 
Gov"" Council 
and Assembly. 

To transmit 

copies imder 
the Seal of 

And Our Express Will and Pleasure is 
that you transmit authentic copies imder 
the Public Scale of all Laws, Statutes and 
Ordinances that are now made and in force, 
or which shall be made and enacted within 
all Laws imder the said Colonic unto Us and the Lords of Our 
penalty of Privy Coimcil appointed a Committee for 
forfeiting a Trade and Foreign Plantations within three 
year's salary, months or sooner after their being Enacted 
together with Duplicates thereof, by the next 
conveyance upon pain of Our highest dis- 
pleasure and of the forfeiture of that years 
Salary, wherein you shall at any time or 
upon any pretence whatsoever omit to send 
over the said Law and Ordinances as afore- 
said within y« time above limited as alsoe of 
such other penalty as Wee shall please to 
inflict ins uch manner as is likewise directed 
in reference to Our other Plantations. 
13 And you are not to suffer any Publick 

No money money whatsoever to be issued or disposed 
to issue but of otherwise than by a warrant under y"" 
by warrant hand. But the Assembly may bee never- 
the Assembly less permitted from time to time and ex- 
may examine amined the Accompts of money or value of 
the accounts moneys disposed of by vertue of such Laws 
of money. as they shall, make which you are to signify 
unto them as occasion shall ser\^e. 
(To Be Continued) 



(From State Auditor's Papers, Now in State Library.) 


Ditto paid Henery Lee for Rifles fur- 
nished the Army by James Divers. -225 

Ditto paid ditto for WilHam Carr for 
Arms to the public 28 

Ditto paid ditto for ditto necessaries 

furnished CaroHne BattaUion 28 . 15 


January 2 To cash paid Henry Lee for sundry 
goods furnished the Prince William 
Batallion 264 .... 3 

Ditto paid John Fitzgerald for Mc- 
Brae & Mure for Blankets fur- 
nished Cap* Johnsons Company of 

Regulars 7 10 

3 Ditto paid William Alexander for 7 
fum 'd the Array 35 

Ditto paid Parker for Necessaries 
& Expenses to his Company Min- 
ute Men from Isle of White called 
in service 142 2 3 

Ditto paid Jam^es Hay for Express 

hire on public account 4 19 6 

Ditto paid David Mason for balance 
of his Account for Arms & Am- 
munition & Necessaries to the 
Minute Men & Hampton District.180 13 10 



Ditto paid James Triplet for Salt 

Petre and Sulphur supplied public 13 17 3. 

Ditto paid James Hendricks for 
necessaries furnished the Prince 
William Batallion Me. Men 72 9 7 

Ditto paid ditto for Thomas Crofts 

for the same purpose — 39 9 

Ditto paid ditto for Michael Thorn 

for the same purpose 6 15 

Ditto paid ditto for Nrcessaries to 
Cap* Johnsons Company by Hen- 
dricks & Allison - 18 12 

Ditto paid James Hendricks for use 
of Cap* Fitzgerald for Arms & 
Necessaries furnished the Prince 
William Batallion. 6 1 9 

Ditto paid John Fitzgerald for Rimi 
Supplied his Company of ditto 3 

Ditto paid Benjamin Powell for 
Tents furnished the Army 63 

Ditto paid John Ferguson for the use 
of Benj'm Snyder, Phillip Bobb 
and Willaim Holldiay for Horse 
Hire to Indian Hostages 3 6 8 

Ditto paid Ditto for Judith Pasture 
making Ar'y Shirts Culpeper Ba- 
tallion 1 13 1 

4 Ditto paid James Hubbard fof pay 

of Glousecter Militia on guard 9 7 6 

Ditto paid ditto pay of his Company 

ordered to Hampton 11 19 

Ditto paid William Almond for a 

Rifle Gun 5 

Ditto paid Mathew Phripp for Sun- 
dries provided for public use.. -. 65 14 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Alexander 

Mosely for removing Cannon Ball.. 2 2 


Ditto paid Robert Hyland upon Ac- 
count for mounting Cannon Will- 
iamsburg 20 

Ditto paid George Draper for mak- 
ing Shirts by Mary Stevens 1 


January 4 To cash ..aid John Saunders for 

Tents furnished the Coimtry.. 65 15 8 

Ditto paid George Rootes for Simon 
Girty his services as Indian In- 
terpretor ...113 8 

Ditto paid John Pendleton for Will- 
iam Drinkard for Express Hire 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for Richard Allen 

his trouble for removing Cannon.... 2 9 6 

Ditto paid Ditto for Thomas Foster 
Provisions furnished two Com- 
panies 1 12 9 

Ditto paid Ditto for Ro. Tomkies a 

Saddle and bridle lost in Service.... 1 15 
5 Ditto paid James Taylor for Neces- 
saries furnished Caroline Batal- 
lion - 125 3 11 

Ditto paid Ditto for Necessaries to 
Cap* Alexander's Company & 
Ditto 70 18 3 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions 
fiimished Ditto by Benjamin Hub- 
bard - 2 13 1 

Ditto paid Ditto for Doctor Tenant 
& John Armistead for Sulphur and 
Salt Petre furnished by them for 
public use 33 17 6 

Ditto paid Thomas Pollard for Re- 
pairing Public Arms 19 3 9 

Ditto paid Geddy for repairing Sun- 

drv Arms for the Army 20 12 



Ditto paid Warlick Westwood for 
Thomas Mooten for Wood and 
Forage for the Army.. 7 .... 7 

Ditto paid Ditto for a cart hire for 

the Public... 12 6 

Ditto paid Thomas Whiting for 
William Smith pay of his Com- 
pany Militia in service 21 6 8 

Ditto paid Ditto for pay of Cap'n 

Buckners Company in Service 29 9 8 

Ditto paid Ditto for Provisions & 
Ferriages to a Company of Glou- 
cester Mihtia 8 19 7 

Ditto paid Cuthbert Hubbard as 

Hostler in public service...., 28 12 

6 Ditto paid Fred'k Macklin for a 
drum to the Brunswick Militia 2 

Ditto paid George Stubberfield for 
Arms furnished the Caroline Ba- 
tallion 3 10 

Ditto paid Ditto for Oliver Towles 

for Ditto....... 17 5 

Ditto paid Ditto for Captain Willis 

Ditto 3 10 

Ditto paid James Wood of P. Wm. 

Express in the Service..... 2 14 9 

8 Ditto paid Willaim Pasture for Medi- 
cine and Atten'ce. to Sick Solidiers. 126 4 

Ditto paid Alexander Sinclair Mr 
Hughes accounts and Expenses in 
recruiting for Capt. Fontains 

Company 144 18 10 

(To Be Continued) 



(Contributed by W. W. - Scott.) 

Bailey Beech — Nancy Vaughn. 

Patrick Bell — Patty Quisenbery. 

Joseph Bishop — Jane Terrell. 

John Boston — Frankey Petty. 

Andrew Brockman — Amelia Brockman. 

Edward Bryant — Polly Hambleton. 

James Collins — Lucy Burton. 

Cornelius O. Daniel — Peggy Plunkett, widow. 

Abram Eh art — ^Judith Kirk. 

George Faulconer — Nancy Coleman. 

James Terrell — Rebecca Chambers. 

Andrew Fleek — Rachel Lower. 

John Foster — Susannah Deering. 

William Foster — Tabithia Hawkins. 

Jonadab Gaines — Jinny Gaines. 

William George — Lucy Hawkins. 

David Goodall — Elizabeth Davis. 

John Goore, Jr. — Gracey Grace. 

Abell Griff y — Catherine Sutton. 

Edward Hambleton — Elizabeth Reppeto. 

Charles P. Howard — ^Jane Taylor. 

Cater Hubbard — Betsey Durrett. 

John Hudson — Mary Dedman. 



James Jarrell — Frances Sims. 
William Henry — Elizabeth Warren, widow. 
John Loyd — Nancy Montague. 
Derenzey McDaniel — Susanna Brooks. 
Price Martin — Rachel Lucas. 
Robert Moore — Elizabeth Gaines Spencer. 
Reuben Morris — Molly Coleman. 
William Ogg — Franky Lamb. 
William Page — Elizabeth Alexander. 
Jacob Paul — Catey Neale, widow. 
John Payne — Suckey Lindsay. 
John Porter — Catherine Carter. 
Ptolemy Powell — Sidney Leavit, widow. 
Lewis G. Powell— Sally Powell. 
John Rhoads — Tabatha Pearson. 
Richard Rhodes — Lucy Wright. 
George Rothrock — Elizabeth Pollock. 
Alexander Shepherd— Mary Burnley. 
George Shepherd — Nancy Porter. 
John Stevenson — Milley Payne. 
William Stockdell — Delphea Roszel. 
Wilham Terrell, jr. — Jane Morton. 
Robert Thomas — Dolley Smoth. 
George Waugh — Elizabeth Boston. 
George Webster — Mary Highlander. 
James Wells— Fennetta Reynolds. 
Thomas Wells — Mary Clark. 
Hopewell Wood — Willy Terman. 


Wm. Bickers — Sally Leathers. 

Baldwin Buckner — Fanny Burton. 

Benjamin Cave — Elizabeth White. 

Joseph Chandler — Nancy Homes. 

John Clark — ^Winny Powell. 

Philip Clayton— Elizabeth Hackley Stubblefield . 

John Coleman — Elizabeth Drasley. 



Francis Collins — Piggy Dohony. 
Geo. Cullins — Elizabeth Mitchell. 
Isaac Cogswell — Sally Gillock. 
Reuben Cowherd — Frai;ices Woolfolk. 
Thomas Darnell — Elizabeth Ehart. 
James Falconer — Milly Sisson. 
David Falconer — Sarah Grady. 
Geo. Finnell — Sally Lawson. 
Haskew Foster — Caty Snell. 
Joel Graves — Susan Graves. 
Henry Head — Elizabeth Sanford. 
John Hundley — Nancy Lloyd. 
John Landrum — Mary Collins. 
Henry Lancaster — Mary Wright. 
James Lewis — Nancy Watkins. 
Dan '1 Mahoney — Fanny Finney. 
Robt. Miller— Sarah Plunkett. 
Henry Mitchell — Molly Lucas. 
Edmund Pollard — Sally Hemdon. 
John Roberts — Nancy White. 
Wm. Robinson — Margaret Collins. 
Wm. Rucker— Caty T. Taliferro. 
Edmund Shackleford — Sally Holiday. 
Thos. Tatam — Nanky Ewins (widow). 
John Terrell— Caty Miller. 
Nicholas Voss — Mary Spotswood. 


Elisha Adams — Delia Smith. 
James Barbour — Lucy Johnson. 
Thomas Bell — Sally Burnley. 
William Bell— Rhoda Atkins. 
Thadeus Blackerby — Jane Marshall. 
Charles Boswell — Lucy Thompson. 
Nathan Bridgers — Mary Row. 
Elijah Brockman — Sally Tomlin. 
William Cason — Mary Thompson. 



John Dawson — Nancy Pollard. 
John Faulconer — Margaret Morrison. 
William Gard^Mary Yates. 
John Gillaspy — Betsy Goodridge. 
Andrew Heak — Franky Rhoads. 
William Hutchinson — Siler Robinson. 
Isaac Johnson — Elizabeth Terrell. 
Robert Clamey — Sarah Morris. 
J ames Mason — Nancy Oaks. 
George Morris — Susannah Graves. 
William Payne— Nancy Foster. 
John Pence — Elizabeth Lucas. 
Fielding Riddle— Milly Waits. 
Thomas Shadwick — Sary Sanders. 
Pickett Shifflett — Lucretia Powell. 
Caleb Smoot — Martha McChamrock. 
James Stevens — Disey Gaines. 
Roger Tandy — Mary Adams. 
William Taylor — Susannah H. Gibson 
James Taylor, jr. — Frances Moore. 
John Taylor — Elizabeth Pierson. 
Elisha Taylor— Delia Walker. 
George Terrell— Polly Wolf. 
John Terry — Lucy Oaks. 
Willaim T. Thompson— Jeane McNeale. 
B enjamin Walker — Polly Sims. 
Francis Williams — Sally Rogers. 
Joseph Homes — Sally Hilman. 
James Williams— Elizabeth Bruce' 
John Young — Franky Grady. 

(To Be Continue d) 





On p. 324, line 6 from bottom, for "Merchant" read "Mariner", p. 
335, line 5 from bottom for James Wilson read James Wilton Thomas. 


By some accident in copying or printing* the names of Archibald Boi- 
ling, and Catherine Payne his wife, and their children, appearing on pages 
35 and 42, of Robertson's Pocahontas and Her Descendants, were omitted 
from the proper place among the children of John Boiling Vol. XXII, 
p. 832 of this Magazine. 

Free School in Orange County. 

The will of Wm. Monroe, of Orange County, in 1769, devised his 
whole estate "to be disposed towards schooling such poor children as 
my executors shall think most in want. ' ' Governor Barbour wrote of it — 
the letter is in the State Library — "We commenced with a capital of 
$13,000. We have educated over a thousand children, and have in- 
creased the capital to over $30,000. Not a farthing has been lost." 

War Notes. 

The "Roll of Honor" published elsewhere in the Magazine is a con- 
densed list of all Virginians who have died in the service of their country. 
In these "War Notes" we will give, as far as our limited space will admit, 
notices of honors and promotions, of acts of especial gallantry, and 
will also give fuller notices of some of those who have fallen or are still 
in service. In the generous rivalry of heroism there is no class; but 
it is historically interesting to learn how the Americans of the old co- 
lonial stock, the descendants of the men who made a free cotintry here, 
are helping to extend freedom throughout the world. For this reason 



the antecedents of some of the Virginians engaged in the World War 
are given. Those of us to whom the Confederate Army is a precious 
memory, know that the sons of the men who made it, are certain to do 
their work like men in the present struggle; but it is pleasant to put 
some instances of it in print. 

To the five sons of Bishop Tucker, of the Diocese of Southern Virginia, 
noted on p. 311, as being in service, two others should now be added. 
Rt. Rev. St. George Tucker, P. E. Bishop of Kyoto, accompanied the 
Allied forces to Siberia, and Dr. Augustus Tucker, who has been a 
medical missionary in China, is now doing Red Cross work in Siberia. 
Another Virginian, Dr. Claude M. Lee, who has also been a medical 
missionary in China, is now a Red Cross worker in Siberia. Dr. Lee is 
a son of Rev. H. B. Lee, of Charlottesville, who is a brother of Brig. 
General Edwin G. Lee, C. S. A., and a son of Edmund Jenings Lee, a 
first cousin of General Robert E. Lee. 

Second Lieutenant Paul W. Derrickson, Co. K, 28th Infantry, has been 
awarded, posthumously, the distinguished service cross. The citation 
says: ''In the advance on Cantigny, May 28, 1918, he courageously 
went forward with his platoon and reached the position he had been 
directed to take. Fearlessly walking up and down his line he cheered 
and directed the work of his men until he was killed." 

Captain Edward E. Fuller, of the Marines, a resident of Loudoun 
County, has been awarded, posthumously , the distinguished service cross. 
General Pershing says: "while fearlessly exposing himself in an ar- 
tillery barrage for the purpose of getting his men into a position of se- 
curity in the attack on Bois de Belleau, June 12, 1918, he was killed, 
and thereby gave his life in an efTort to protect his men." 

Lieutenant Hope William Massie, son of Madison Effing er Massie, 
of Tyro, Nelson County, was killed in action July 19th. Lieutenant 
Massie, who was a graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, was a 
descendant of Thomas Massie, Major, 2d Va. Regiment, in the Revolu- 
tion, and an aide to General Nelson at Yorktown. 

Lieutenant Randolph Fitzhugh Mason was killed in action July 20th. 
He was the eldest son of Rev. Landon Randolph Mason, D. D., of Rich- 
mond, and an M. A. of the University of Virginia. Dr. L. R. Mason 
(who is a descendant of George Mason, author of the Va. Bill of Rights) 
and five of his brothers were in Confederate service. Their mother, 
Mrs. Lucy (Randolph) Mason, was a first cousin of Robert E. Lee. Lt. 
Mason's last letter. to his father was printed in the Richmond News 
Leader on September 10th. 

Major James Barbour Nalle, of Washington, D. C, reported August 
3d as killed in action, was a native of Culpeper County, Va., and a mem- 



ber of a family long resident there. Martin Nalle, of Culpeper, served 
175&-7, as an officer in the French and Indian War. Major Nalle's Chris- 
tian names were derived from an ancestress, Nellie Barbour, sister of 
James Barbotir, Governor of Virginia, Secretary of War and Minister to 
England, and Philip P. Barbour, Speaker of the U. S. House of Rep- 
resentatives and Justice of the U. S. Supreme Court. Major Nalle 
entered the army in 1898, secured a commission for gallant service in 
the Phillipines, and went to France in January. 

On June 29 was reported the death in France of Captain Paul Lee 
Cocke. Captain Cocke, who was a resident of New York City, was a 
son of W. A. R. Cocke, of "Lower Bremo," Fluvanna County, Va. The 
emigrant ancestor of the family settled at "Bremo," Henrico County, 
about 1636. "Malvern Hill," another old Cocke estate adjoining "Bremo' 
was the scene of the bloody battle of June, 1862. 

The death in action of Captain James Neville Cocke Richards, of 
Sewanee, Tenn., was reported July 29th. Captain Richards, who was 
27 years of age, was a graduate of the Va. Military Institute. He was a 
native of Petersbiirg, Va., but removed with his parents to Tenn. when a 
boy. His parents were Walter Buck Richards formerly of the Mo. 
School of Mines, and Mary Monro Cocke, a daughter of Captain Henry 
Harrison Cocke, U. S. N. (of Prince George County). Capt. H. H. 
Cocke's mother, Ann Carter Harrison, was a niece of Benjamin Harrison, 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence. 

Another of the name, Lt. George William Cocke, son of G. W. Cocke, 
of Bristol, Va., was reported severely wounded August 8th, 

The first commissioned officer from Richmond to fall in action was 
Lieutenant James Murray McClellan, of the Marine Corps, son of A. L. 
McClellan, of Hampton Gardens, in the suburbs of the city. Lt. Mc- 
Clellan was 21 years of age and was killed July 18, after exhibiting great 
gallantry. His last letter to his mother was published in one of our local 
papers and illustrated his high character and ideals. 

The first Richmond soldiers to make the great sacrifice were two 
sergeants in the Marine Corps. The first to fall was Richard A. Evans, 
who was soon afterwards followed by Frank L. Tignor. About the 
middle of July there appeared in the Official Bulletin a statement from a 
Marine officer in regard to certain machine guns and trench-morters 
which had been captured and were to be sent to this country as trophies. 
The names of a number of men who had shown especial gallantry in the 
capture of these guns were given and among them was that of Sergeant 
Richard A. Evans, of Richmond. On August 1st his death from wounds 
was announced. Just before the receipt of this notice his family had the 
following letter from his commanding officer, which was printed in the 
News Leader, of Augu_t 1st. 

"Your son has not only distinguished himself, but has brought great 
honor and praise on me and the whole Marine Corps, and I take pleasure 
in telling you that your boy has done wonderful work in the last ten days. 



His work has been very strenuous and very dangerous, but he performed 
his duties bravely. Do not worry. I will take good care of him as long 
as he is under my command. 

(Signed) M. C. OVERTON, 
Commanding Seventy-sixth Company, Sixth Regiment." 

Sergeant Evans was 21 years of age in March last, and was son of 
H. A. Evans, 922 Louisiana St., Richmond, Va., a foreman in the Rich- 
mond Cedar Works. He enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1914. 

Less is known of the services of Sergeant Tignor, but what is known 
shows that he died in action in a manner becoming the best traditions 
of his corps. He was also a very young man, was son of Mrs. Margaret 
Tignor, 310 Scyamore Stree, Richmond, had been superintendent of a 
garage and enlisted the day after the Presidents called for volunteers. 

The first Fredericksburg man to fall represented well known families 
of that section. He was Private Douglas H. Knox, of the Marine Corps, 
whose death from wounds was reported August 10th. Mr. Knox was a 
son of Mrs. Lucy (Brockenbrough) Knox and the late Douglas H. Knox, 
of Fredericksburg. Lt. Col. Robert S. Knox (son of the late Robert 
S. Knox, of Fredericksburg) now Adjutant General of the Sixth Division, 
A. E. F., is a first cousin of Private Knox. 

Another old Rappahannock Valley name which appears in the casualty 
list is that of Private George S. Battaile, who was wounded July 14. 
He is a son of the late John Battaile, of Petersburg and Caroline county. 
His ernigrant ancestor, Capt. John Battaile, commanded a company of 
rangers defending the frontier in 1692, &c. 

The family of Pannill, of Henry County, has given the lives of two of 
its members for the great cause. On Aug. 8 was reported the death in 
action of Private George E. Pannill, son of Mrs. E. R. Pannill, of Mar- 
tinsville, and on Sept. 12 was reported the death from wounds of Private 
Jeb Stuart Pannill, son of the same lady. Captain Augustus Hunter 
Pannill, of Danville, a first cousin of the gallant brothers, enlisted with 
Canadian Army in 1914, was promoted to the rank of Captain, was very 
severely wounded and received the French War Cross. These young men 
werenearly related to General J. E. B. Stuart, whose mother was Eliza- 
beth Pannill. 

The first soldier from Petersburg who was killed was Robert Blacker, 
son of Israel Blacker, who fell in action on July 15th. 

Two young Virginians, lieutenants in the Aviation Corps, are missing 
in action: George Preston Glenn, of Lynchburg, on July 20th, and 
Charles B. Sands, son of Conway R. Sands, of Richmond, August 19th. 

Among the soldiers of Virginia descent who have given their lives 
for their country are John Overton, of Tennessee, Lieutenant in the 
Marine Corps, a famous college athlete, who was killed July 19th. Nine 
members of this family (founded by William Overton, who came to 



Virginia before 1681) fought in the Revolution and a branch has long 
been resident of Tennessee. George PatuUo, writing in the Saturday 
Evening Post, of the "Heroes of Belleau and Boursches", says of another 
member of this family, also a Lieutenant of Marines: "Lieutenant 
M. C. Overton assumed command of his company at a moments notice 
and lead them against a supposedly impregnable gun position in the Bois 
He captured it too." 

Another death of an officer having many Virginia connections was that 
of Lieutenant Paul Carrington Venable, of Durham, N. C. His father, 
formerly of Danville, Va., was a nephew of Col. Charles S. Venable, 
aide to General Lee. 

Another was that of Lieutenant Richard S. Bullitt, of Philadelphia. 
His family has long been resident in Kentucky and Pennsylvania; but 
descends from Cuthbert Bullitt, Judge of the General Court of Virginia, 
whose brother Thomas Bullitt, distinguished himself in the French and 
Indian War and served as a colonel of Virginia troops in the Revolution. 

On August 3d, 2d Lieut. Charles A Etheridge, of the Marine Corps, 
was reported severally wounded. A war correspondent wrote: "Lt. 
Charles A. Etheridge, intelligence officer, foimd a gap in the American 
line on the night of Jime 12th, and posted himself there with eight men 
from the Engineers. They killed and captured twelve of the boches 
who were trying to filter through." Lt. Etheridge is from Norfolk 
and comes of old colonial stock in that vicinity, as his emigrant ancestor, 
Thomas Etheridge, died in Lower Norfolk County in 1671. 

Another Norfolk man who distinguished himself was Lieutenant 
Lemuel C. Sheppard, of the Marines, a son of Dr. Sheppard of that city. 
After receiving a bullet woimd in the neck he remained in action many 
hours and only retired when knocked down by a shell explosion. He 
has received the distinguished service cross. 

Among the officers of the divisions commended by General Pershing 
for gallantry in the battle of the Mame were several Virginians: Col. 
Beverly Fielding Browne, 5th Field Artillery, who was born in 1880 and 
is a West Pointer; Col. Wendell C. Neville (aged 48) commanding the 
6th Marine Regiment, a graduate of Annapolis; and Lt. Col. Creed 
Fulton Cox (age 41), commanding the 13th Field Artillery, who is also 
a West Point graduate. Col. William C. Rivers, of Tenn., commanding 
the 76th Field Artillery, is a descendant of a Brunswick Coimty family, 
which many years ago emigrated to Tenn. Older members of the so- 
ciety will recall his father, the late Flournoy Rivers, as a frequent, 
contributor to the early volumnes of this Magazine.. 

The distingished service cross has been conferred on Edmond Fen- 
wick, of Falls Church, a member of the University of Virginia Ambu- 
lance tinit. In the action of June 7th, near Abelle, though seriously 
wounded, he walked some distance and procured assistance for three 
wounded soldiers. 



Captain David vS. Doggett, son of S. Brooke Doggett, of Richmond, 
received the distinguished service cross in August. He is another ex- 
ample of how the old American stock is doing its duty. His emigrant 
ancestor Rev. Benjamin Doggett, of Lancaster County, died in 1G82. 
Capt. Doggett has since been promoted to Major. 

In September Captain Bernard H. Kyle, 12th Field Artillery was 
cited for the distinguished service cross for gallant conduct on August 
14, in front of Vieray, where he established the batallion aid station 
and carried on his work in a calm and inspiring manner throughout the 
day. He is a son of Mrs. Ella Kyle, of Lynchburg, was commissioned 
1st Lieutenant June 1917, and promoted to Captain, Sept. 1917. 

Captain Abram Penn Craddock, Jr., of Lynchburg, while leading a 
raid against the enemy on May 24th, received seventeen wounds from a 
hand grenade. He was then 1st Lt., Co. G, 54th Infantry, but has since 
been promoted to a Captaincy, and returned to the United States in 
September as an instructor. 

Among the Virginians promoted during the simimer Wi s Col. Richard 
Coke Marshall to Brigadier General. He is a graduate of the Virginia 
Military Institute. His father. Col. Richard C. Marshall, of Ports- 
mouth (a descendant of Chief Justice Marshall), served gallantly in the 
Confederate Army and surrendered at Appomattox. 

Brigadier General Littleton Waller Tazewell Waller, of the Marine 
Corps, was promoted to Major General. General Waller, who has had a 
long and distinguished career, is a grandson of Governor and United 
States Senator, Littleton Waller Tazewell. An interesting connection 
with a great soldier is that General Waller's brother, Robert Page Waller, 
married the only daughter of Genera KJ. E. B. Stuart. 

Brigadier General William Lassiter was promoted to Major General. 
He is a son of the late Dr. D. W. Lassiter, of Petersburg, and a brother of 
the late Francis Rives Lassiter, M. C, and of former State Senator, 
Charles W. Lassiter, of Petersburg, who is now doing Y. M. C. A. work 
in France. 

Another, native of Petersburg is Brigadier General Leroy S. Lyon, 
promoted to Major General. He is a son of the late Captain John Lyon, 
himself a brave Confederate soldier. 

Among the naval promotions in August were: Capt. Thomas Wash- 
ington (of North Carolina) to the temporary rank of Rear Admiral; 
Lt. Commander Herbert C. Cocke to Commander; and Lieutenant 
Commanders Theodore G. Ellyson and Russell G. Crenshaw (both of 
Richmond) to the temporary rank of Commander. 

In a list of Corps, Division and Regimental commanders iinder General 
Pershing, published on Sept. 8, by the New York Times, with the consent 
of General Peyton C. March, Chief of Staff, were the following Vir- 
ginians: Brig. General George Hairston Jamerson, 159th Infantry 
Brigade (West Point 1889); Brig. General William Robert Dashiell, 



11th Infantry Brigade (West Point 1884); Col. Meriwether Lewis Walker, 
116th Rgt. Engineers (West Point 1889, nephew of Brig. General R. 
Lindsay Walker, C. S. A.); Lt. Col. Creed F. Cox, commanding 13th 
Rgt. Field Artillery; Col. Clarence Deems, Jr., 321st Rgt. Field Artillery 
(West Point, 1895); Col. Hugh Douglas Wise, 61st Infantry Regiment 
(West Point, 1889, son of John S. Wise, and grandson of Governor 
Henry A. Wise); Col. Brooke Payne, 20th Rgt. Field Artillery (West 
Point, 1891, son of Charles Edward Fitzhugh Payne, of Warrenton, and 
Jeannie M. Brooke his wife, and nephew of Brig. General W. H. Payne, 
C. S. A.); Lt. Col. Henry Newton Cootes, Chief of Staff, 78th Division 
(Commissioned 2d Lieut. 1878); Major Edward Murray Off ley, 308th 
Machine Gun Batallion (Commissioned 2d Lieut. 1901, son of Holmes 
Off ley, of Loudoun Co., and his wife Lucy Cleland Nelson, a descendant 
of General Thomas Nelson); Major Jennings C. Wise, 314th Machine 
Gun Batallion (of Richmond, brother of Col. H. D. Wise); Lt. Col. 
William Tidball, Commanding 315th Rgt. Field Artillery (West Point, 
1896); Lt. Col. Robert S. Knox, Adjutant General, 6th Division (Com- 
missioned 2d Lt. 1898, referred to above) ; Col. William Douglas Newhill, 
3d Rgt. Field Artillery (West Point, 1893); Col. George Mercer Brooke, 
301st Rgt. Field Artillery (Commissioned 2d Lt. 1899, son of that very 
distinguished officer, Capt. John Mercer Brooke, U. S. and C. S. N., 
grandson of Major General George Mercer Brooke, U. S. A., and a de- 
scendant of Col. George Brooke, of the Virginia forces in the Revolu- 
tion); Col. James P. Jervey, 304th Regt. Engineers (West Point, 1888), 
and Col. Robert H. Allen, 337th Rgt. Infantry (Commissioned 2d Lt. 

The Chief of Staff, General Peyton Conway March, is himself half a 
Virginian. As is well known his father was the distinguished Professor 
Francis A. March, a native of Mass., but his mother, Margaret Mildred 
Conway, was the daughter of Walker Peyton Con way, of Fredericksburg, 
whose emigrant ancestor, Edwin Conway, came to Virginia about 1640. 

Lieutenant John H. Randolph, 11th Infantry, was reported wounded 
August 10th. He is a son of Wilson Gary Nicholas Randolph, of 
Lynchburg, and a great grandson of Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson has a 
nimiber of other descendants in service. 

General Thomas Nelson, Governor of Virginia, Signer of the Declara- 
tion of Independence, and commander of Virginia troops at Yorktcwn, 
also has a number of descendants in service. One of them is Lieutenant 
Thomas Page Nelson, eldest son of Thomas C. Nelson, who is eldest 
son of Rev. George Washington Nelson, of Warrenton, and so on through 
eldest sons to General Nelson. 

Lieutenant John Tyler Ellis, grandson of President John Tyler, is 
with the army in France. 

Major Clifford C. Early, of Lynchburg, nephew of General Jubal E. 
Early, was promoted to the rank of Lt. Colonel in September. 



Notes from the Records of Princess Anne County. 

"Col. Thomas Walke's will." 

Thomas Walke, of Princess Anne County, Merchant, To son Anthony 
land lying in the Eastern Branch and all land at Back Bay, securing to 
my wife her thirds; also to Anthony a lot of land in Norfolk Town and 
three slaves. To son Thomas my land and houses in New Town, a 
tract of land at the head of Lynhaven River, and two slaves, & also to 
him all the smiths tools that belong to the Smiths shop in New Town. 
To daughter Elizabeth Walke five slaves when she is 16 years of age or 
marries. To daughter Katherine Walke two slaves when she is 16 years 
of age or marries. To wife £50 for bringing up and educating the children; 
also all my stocks of horses, cattle, sheep and hogs, one bed and fur- 
niture (her choice) and two slaves. Four slaves to be appraised with the 
estate not otherwise devised, and the whole, after debts &c are paid, 
to be divided between the children. All plate to be equally divided. 
Wife Katherine and brother Anthony Walke executors. Dated March 
23d, 1722, proved Feb. 25, 1723. 

"Major Thomas Walke's will." 

Thomas Walke of Princess Anne County. To wife Mary Anne £500 
current money, 10 cows and calves, 10 ewes and lambs, 5 sows and pigs, 
2 yoke of oxen, a work horse and mare, hoes, harrows &c at the Bay side, 
2 beds and furniture, the desk, bookcase, tables, pots &c that were hers, 
and the mill at the Bay side— in full of her share or part of my estate. 
If son Thomas lives and my wife is immarried she may remain where she 
is until the children come of age, on condition of keeping the houses in 
repair. To daughter Elizabeth Williamson the lot and houses where 
she now lives, and also 50 acres of land (out of what I bought of Richard 
Williamson) adjoining the land where Richard Williamson lived, and 
also 50 acres of marsh with all my stock of cattle and sheep at Cedar 
Island, and 3 cows and yearlings, already in her possession, two sows 
and pigs, the black riding mare, 5 negroes, 2 beds and furniture, 3 tables 
and all the chairs, trunks, chests, &c now in her house, and one fourth 
part of the dry goods I shall have in the store, of which her husband, 
Capt. Charles Williamson has entered into partnership with me. If 
she dies without children these bequests to revert to my daughter Molly. 
To daughter Molly Walke my eastermost lot at Kemps Landing, with 
the new houses &c thereon, also 150 acres of land where Tully Williamson 
formerly lived, also 50 acres of swamp land, also 100 acres of land and 
marsh, 8 negores, cows, ewes, lambs, pigs, 1 yoke of draft oxen, my 
bay mare and colt at the Bay side, 2 beds and furniture, one gum desk, 
2 tables, all the good pewter in the house and2 £50. To daughter Frankey 
Walke my plantation at a place called Bowrons river containing under 
800 acres and my island and marsh called Doe Island, 7 negroes, cows. 



&c, 1 pair of draft oxen and £50. To my daughter Peggy Walke my 
lowermost lot or quarter of land and marsh with the house and 
wharf thereon and £600 current money. To daughter Ann Walke £600 
current money and two negroes. To son Thomas Walke my plantation 
where I dwell on the Eastern Shore, and desire the houses to be finished 
and furnished with glasses, maps, 1 desk, 4 good tables, all of walnut, 
and cherry chairs, 3 good beds and furniture, also one-third of the lands 
and marshes an old Currituck Inlet, which I lately bought of Mr. Charles 
Lawson, and 16 negroes. If he dies without issue then the property 
bequeathed is to revert on same terms successively to daughters Molly, 
Frankey, Peggy and Anne Walke, and nephew Thomas Walke. To son 
Thomas stock of cattle about old Currituck Inlet (about 100 head) 
2 horses, ewes and lambs, sows and pigs, oxen, hoes, carts, &c. A suit 
of clothes to my good friend James Kempe. To daughter Peggy Walke 
the remainder of my land when Roger Williamson formerly lived. I 
give the land I bought of Hezikiah Fentress (about 196 acres) and the 
land I bought of Aaron Fentress (about 25 acres) for the use of the poor 
orphans and disabled people of the parish of Lynhaven, Princess Anne 
County, toward educating and maintaining them, the vestry of the said 
parish to erect houses thereon for the reception of such poor orphans 
and others. If more convenient vestry can sell said land and apply 
the proceeds for breeding negroes for the use of said orphans &c. My 
cousin Anth.ny Walke, my brother-in-law Capt. Arthur Sayer and sister 
Sayer, and my good friend Capt. Edward Wright be allowed mourning 
out of my estate. To brother Anthony Walke all his debts due me and 
a suit of mourning. To my two nephews John and Anthony Walke, 
two negroes. I have a share in Kempes Company store (kept by my 
brother) . I give the rights of said store to said nephews and my brother 
to have the use until they are of age. Sufficient provisions to be allowed 
my wife and family. To son Thomas rest of estate. I give cousin 
Anthony Walke care of my daughter Moll}^ my brother-in-law Capt. 
A. Sayer care of my daughter Frankey (but she to live with Mr. Newton 
if she pleases), Capt. James Kempe to have care of my daughter Peggie, 
and Capt. Edward Wright of daughter Anne. My good friend Capt. 
Anthony Walke, brother-in-law Capt. Arthur Sayer, Capt. J. Kempe, 
Capt. Edward Wright, Capt. Jonathan Saunders and brother Anthony 
Walke, executors. Dated March 28, 1760, proved June 16, 1761. 

Deed, Dec. 28, 1767, from Mary Ann Phripp, of Princess Anne, some- 
time widow of Major Thomas Walke, and now relict of John Phripp, 
gent., deceased, conveying to Capt. John Calvert of Norfolk County, 
for £10.15, all her dower interest *in a tract in Lynhaven parrish (173^ 
acres) being land bequeathed by her former husband, Major Thomas 
Walke to his daughter, Peggy Walke, now wife of said Capt. John Calvert. 



Deed, June 4, 1718, from John Thoroughgood of Princess Anne, son and 
heir of Col. John Thoroughgood, late of Princess Anne, deceased, to 
William Thoroughgood, of same county, gent., conveying, for 40 shillings, 
acres of land on the south side of the mouth of Lynhaven River, 
being part of 60 acres my father and 23 others bought of Argall Thorough- 
good, of same county, deceased, July 4, 1695, lying on Princess and 
Queen streets. 

Deed, Feb. 4, 1718, from John Thoroughgood and Pembrook, his wife, 
only surviving child of Mr. George Fowler, deceased, of Princess Anne 
County, conveying to Charles Sayer, for £120 current money, all the 
all the land where George Fowler lived and died (276 acres), and all 
the remainder of a tract called Puggett's Neck (430 acres), granted to 
said Fowler in 1673 and 1695. 

Deed, May 4, 1719, from Thomas Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, 
son and heir of Robert Thoroughgood, late of Princess Anne, deceased, 
conveying to William Thoroughgood, gent., for 40 shillings, 2]/^ acres of 
land on the south side of the mouth of Lynhaven River, part of a tract 
said Robert and 23 others bought. 

Inventory of Argall Thoroughgood, March 27, 1719, £66.13. 

Will of John Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne. Son John (including 
land called Puggett's Neck). Executors to sell land on which Mr. 
George Fowler lived, &c., wife and two children. Wife Pembrook, 
daughter Margaret, son John. Sister Mary Thoroughgood 10 shillings 
for a mourning ring, son John razor case, silver spoons marked "A. & L.," 
and all rest of plate. To my tender loving mother Margaret Sayer £4 
for a mourning suit. To father Charles Sayer 15 shillings for a moummg 
ring. Brother Arthur Sayer a foal. Dated March 16, 1718, proved 
Jan. 3, 1719. 

Will of Adam Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, wife Mary, child she 
is with, nephew Adam son of my brother William Thoroughgood, mece 
Mary Thoroughgood daughter of brother William, cousm John son of 
of my brother Argall Thoroughgood, three godchildren Elizabeth Sayer, 
and Mary Ann and Margaret daughters of John Thoroughgood, deceased. 
Wife and brother William Thoroughgood excecutors, dated May 4, 
1719, proved Jan. 3, 1719. 

Deed Aug 2, 1720, from Thomas Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, 
gent , and Margaret his wife, daughter and legatee of Mrs. Sarah Clows, 
late deceased, conveying to Charles Sayer for £100, 5 negroes. 



Will of Sarah Clouse, to Jonathan Walke a silver porringer that came 
from Barbadoes. To Anthony Walke (my son-in-law) 2 negroes. To 
my daughter Susannah Thoroughgood 2 negroes, &c. &c. To my daughter 
Margaret Clouse 4 negroes, &c. To Cason Moore son of Cason Moore, 
and Henry Moore, son of Henry Moore. To my son Cason Moore. 
To my son Henry Moore. Dated April 6, 1719, Codicil containing be- 
quest to grandson James Learmont. Proved May 6, 1719. 

Deed, April 1, 1709, from Mary Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, 
formerly wife of William Moseley, conveying to his son William Moseley, 
of said county, mariner, two planattions containing 320 acres, in Lyn- 
haven parish which was the inheritance of William Moseley, deceased, 
her husband. 

Inventory of Col. Adam Thoroughgood, Jan. 18, 1709. 

Account with the estate of Capt. Robert Thoroughgood, deceased, 
Thomas and Robert were his two sons and only surviving orphans, 
Jan. 12, 1713. 

Jan. 12, 1713, account with estate of Lemuel Wilson, deceased, Wil- 
lis Wilson was his only son and surviving orphan. 

Entry stating that William Trevethan had married Dinah executrix 
of Capt. Robert Thoroughgood, deceased, and administrator of the 
estate of Lemuel Wilson, deceased, her second husband. 

Deed, May 6, 1692, from John Thoroughgood to his daughters Ann and 

Deed, Sept. 20, 1692, from Argall Thoroughgood to his daughter Frances 
whom he had by Pembrook his wife, for gifts the original of which were 
given said Frances by her grandfather, Lt. Col. Adam Thoroughgood, 
deceased, in his lifetime. 

Deed, July 5, 1693, from John Thoroughgood conveying land which 
belonged to his father Lt. Col. Adam Thoroughgood, deceased, and 
which was divided between said John and his brothers Argall, Robert 
and Francis Thoroughgood, as by said Adam Thoroughgood's will ap- 

Power of Attorney, July 25, 1695, from Francis Thoroughgood, of 
Somerset Co., Maryland, to his brother Argall Thoroughgood, of Princess 
Anne Co., Va. 

Deed, April 2, 1696, from Argall Thoroughgood to his son Adam, con- 
veying a negro. 



Deed, July 5, 1698, from Robt. Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne Co., 
gent., to George Moseley, of same county, carpenter, and John Mc- 
Creife, of the same county, tailor, conveying 120 acres, what formerly 
belonged to his father Lt. Col. Adam Thoroughgood. 

Will of Argall Thoroughgood, wife Ann, son Argall, wife with child, 
sons William and Adam. His loving brother, cousin John and Adam 
Thoroughgood, and Edward Moseley to divide estate. Loving child 
Frances Spratt, three sons, daughter Elizabeth. Dated Nov. 25, 1699, 
proved May 7, 1700. 

"Received of sister Margaret Thoroughgood, the full estate of William 
Thoroughgood, that is to say money, plate, cattle, &c., it being formerly 
in the hands of my brother Col. Thoroughgood." July 8, 1701-2. 

Will of John Thoroughgood, of Princess Anne, son of Lt. Col. Adam 
Thoroughgood, deceased. Son Anthony house my brother Francis 
Thoroughgood lived in, daughters Ann and Elizabeth, wife Margaret. 
Dated Dec. 9, 1701, proved Feb. 7, 1701-2. 

Deed from Thomas Lawson, administrator of Col. Anthony Lawson, 
to his cousins John, Anthony and Margaret Thoroughgood, children of 
Lt. Col. John Thoroughgood. Refers to their mother, Margaret Thor- 
oughgood. May 6, 1702. 

Receipt of Margaret Thoroughgood, widow and executrix of Lt. Col. 
John Thoroughgood, to Thomas Lawson, "executor of my father Col. 
Anthony Lawson, deceased." 

Will of William Thoroughgood, dated Dec. 10, 1723, proved March 4, 
1723-4. Son Argall, wife, daughter Mary Thoroughgood, son Adam, 
wife Patience and kinsman Thomas Thoroughgood, excecutors. 

Deed, Oct. 3, 1724, from Susannah Thoroughgood to her children 
John and Pembroke Thoroughgood. 

Deed, April 6, 1726, from John Thoroughgood, only surviving son of 
Col. Adam Thoroughgood, to Katherine Credlove. 

Will of Thomas Thoroughgood, dated Feb. 3, 1726, proved March 1 
1726. Legatees, children (not named), wife and mother. Reversion 
to brother Robert Thoroughgood. 

(To Be Continued) 




Descendants of Two John Washingtons. 


(See Vol. XXII, 211 &c, 318 &c, 437 &c; XXIII, 96 &c.) 

Lund Washington ("46. Lund^ Washington," XXIII, 100) was born 
in King George Coimty, Sept. 25, 1767, and resided there until 1786 
when he went to Alexandria to be apprenticed to Col. R. T. Hooe to 
learn the business of a merchant. Later he removed to Washington,, 
D. C, where he died in 1853. Throughout his life he was in close touch 
with the members of his family in Virginia, and knew a number of them 
of the generation preceding his own. He was interested in the history 
of his own and connected families, and by conversation, correspondence, 
and examination of records obtained a great deal of accurate information 
in regard to them. He left a manuscript (written about 1845) giving an 
accoimt of the Washingtons of his own branch and of several related 
families. We are indebted to Mr. Edward S. Lewis, of St. X^ouis, for 
the use of a copy. Lund Washington seems to have been thoroughly 
acquainted with his own branch, which descended from John son of 
Lawrence, the emigrant, and with those of the descendants of John, 
son of John the emigrant, who had intermarried with his own line. He 
does not seem to have had much knowledge of General Washington's 
branch of the family, except as far as relates to his direct line of ancestry, 
and in regard to his brothers. 

The style of the manuscript is, in places, rather confused and obscure; 
but, with the information available from other sources, it can easily 
be understood. It gives pleasure to state that, though it enables us to 
make some additions, it everywhere confirms the deductions made in the 
genealogy printed in this Magazine in Vols. XXII and XXIII. 

Following are the additions from the Lund Washington manuscripts: 
13. Col. John^ Washington, of "Hylton" (XXII, 328) married secondly 
Catherine Washington. "He was then a widower with a son Henry 
and a daughter Elizabeth. I do not know what became of them. They 
left the country of King George about the time I did" (1786). 

Issue of Col. John Washington by his marriage with Catherine Wash- 
ington; 19. Nathanial Washington (XXII, 330, 339) "married Miss 
Hawkins, a gradndaughter of Mrs. De Butts and has a large family 



residing on the Patuxent River, Maryland"; 21. John Vv :.shington (ib. 
329, 330) "married a daughter of Col. Skinker of Prince William County, 
moved to Alabama and had a large family;" 26. William Washington 
(ib. 329 , 330) "married an English lady. Miss Craycroft. He resides 
in Alexandria with his two daughters unmarried;" 23. Lawrence Wash- 
ington (ib. 329, 330) "married Miss Jane Willock, of Cecil Co., Md. 
He was bom Dec. 10, 1770, and died Oct 21, 1828. She was bom May 5, 
1738 [1783;]. They were in Baltimore Jan. 24, 1812. Their issue James, 
born Jan. 24, 1814, a printer; Catherine, born June 4, 1816, marr.ed on 
June 5, 1826, James Mitchell, of Baltimore, who was adopted by his 
mothers husband, Jonathan Parker and took the name of Parker." 

Lund Washington also names, apparently among the children of John 
and Catherine (Washington) Washington: Catherine who married Mr. 
Newley, of Culpeper County, and another John who married his counsin 
Polly Massey and had a nimiber of children. There names do not ap- 
pear in the list of children as given in Col. John Washingtons will. 
15. Lawrence Washington (ib. 329) "nephew of Col. John Washington, 
of Hylton" ithis is in accord with the printed geneology) "married March 
1, 1763, Susanna, daughter of Robert Washington and lived at Mattox 
Creek. His daughters Betsy and Katy died without issue" (34 Eliza- 
beth Starke, and 35, Katy). 

65. Henry Washington (ib. 437) "married Catherine Bate. He lived 
lives about forty miles beyond Louisville and has about eight children 
and a fine estate." 

67. Starke (T. H. Starke, ib. 437) Washington, died without issue; 
71. Robert C. Washington "married two Sarah Fishers (cousins), has no 
children, lives in Danville, Ky., and has a fine estate." 61. Betty 
Washington (Elizabeth S. ib. 437) married 2d Thomas Seymour Starke (or 
Storke) 70. Mary (Mary West, ib. 437) married William James, of Wash- 
ington, D. C. 73. Thornton Bernard Washington (ib. 437) and 74. 
Margaret (Peggy) died without issue. 

Lund Washington names as sons of Lawrence and Susannah Washington: 
Richard Conway who was twice m.arried. "By his present wife, Sophia, 
daughter of Mr. Roberts, of Alexandria, he has six or seven children. 
He resides in Washington, D. C, and is a clerk in the P. O. Department;" 
and (also as son of Lawrence) Charles Edward, "who removed to the 
West and has not been hear of for two years". Limd Washington states 
that Lawrence Washington had sixteen children. Richard C. was prob- 
ably 71. Richard C. of the printed genealogy. 

(XXIIT, 97.) 2. John2 Washington was born Aug. 2, 1671, and married 
March 15, 1692, being 20 years, 7 months and 13 days old, Mary Towns- 
hend, 2d daughter of Robert and Mary Townshend. 

4. John'^ Washington lived at the seat of his father at the mouth of 
Chotank Creek. He married Miss Massey. 

5. Robert^ Washington v;as bcm Sept. 3, 1700. married April 1. 1722 
(she being 14 years. 1 nmnths and 26 days old) Sarah, daughter of Col. 



Richard Fossaker. Robert Washington died May 13, 17G5 and his v. ite 

on Nov. 25, 1761. , . 

5. Townshends Washington "lived at Greenhill at the head of Chotank 
Creek, where Mr. Lunsford Lomax now lives," married Jan. 1, 1727. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Lund. He died Sec. 31, 1743, she died 

in 1778. ^ ^ 

3 Lawrence^ Washington married Sarah Lund, the sister of her brothers 
wife. "He was sheriff of King George and died without issue, being 
shot by the minister of the parish." 

10. Lawrence* Washington, called "Digby," married his cousin Ehza- 
beth Dade. 

14. Catherine Washington married her cousin John Washington, ot 

13 Elizabeth Washington married Thomas Berry. 

15 John* Washington, lived at Leeds Town. He was lame in both legs. 
He married first Miss Sanford, and had issue: Sally, Lawrence, John and 
Robert all of whom died without issue; John* Washington married 
secondly Constantia Terrett. His daughter, 41. Mary, married 1st 
James Wray (by whom she had a son Washington Wray who died in 
infancy), and secondly, Andrew Balmaine, who died in 1815. 
5 Roberts Washington and Sarah Fossaker his wife had issue (m ad- 
dition to 15. John Washington) four other children. One of them, 16. 
Susanna Washington married March 10, 1763, her cousm Lawrence 
Washington, nephew of Col. John Washington, of "Hylton," lived on 
Mattox Creek and had issue already given in this instalment. 

Issue of Townshend and Elizabeth (Lund) Washington: Susanna, 
bom Nov 3 1727, died Feb. 1, 1728; 18. Thomas* Washington, a lawyer, 
d^ed unmarried; 20. Townshend born Sept. 30, 1733, died Feb. 25, 1736; 
21 Townshend bom Feb. 26, 1736, died July 20m 1761 in the service of 
the Colony of Virginia; 22. Lund^ bom Oct. 21, 1737, died July 1796. 
"At an early age he was appointed manager of a large estate m Albemarle 
belonging to the Beverleys. Two years afterwards he was employed by 
Col Henry Fitzhugh, of King George County, to manage his estate of 
Ravensworth, in Fairfax County. Two years afterwards by Col. (after- 
wards General) George Washington to manage Mt. Vernon estate, which 
he continued to do until 1785, being twenty-five years. He was a stout 
man remarkable for his activity and industry, his close attention to 
business, his excellent management of plantation and household affairs, 
and his -reat fru<-ality enabled him to make much money for h.s employers 
and to acquire a good estate for himself. He married his cousin Betsy 
Foote, about 1782, and had two daughters who died m infancy. He di- 
rected his slaves to be emancipated which was done by his widow. He 
left his estate to his widow, who left it to her nephew, William H. Foote, 
who h?s lately died without issue and left it to a charity school m Alex- 
andria"- 21: Lawrence (twin), bom March 14, 1740. He marriedhis 
cousin, Catherine Foote, about 1745, and both died cn the same day m 



1799; 23. John (Twin), "was manager of the Dismal vSwamp Company, 
a situation he held at the commencement of the Revolution when he was 
appointed a captain in one of the Virginia regiments of infantry. Ke was 
under General Washington's im^mediate command at the capture of the 
Hessians [at Trenton] and afterwards was promoted to a captaincy in 
Baylor's regiment. He died in service while recruiting, from a relapse 
in travelling too fast after being inoculated for small-pox; 25. Henry*, 
died in 1743, immediately after his father." 

17. Robert* Washington and Alice Strother his wife had issue: 42. 
Thomas^, bom Sept. 5, 1758, married June 1788, his cousin Sally, daughter 
of 15. John* Washington, of Leeds Town, and widow of Robert Harper, 
of Alexandria. Thomas Washington entered the army of the Revolu- 
tion at the age of 19 as a lieutenant in Col. Grayson's regiment and was 
at the battles of Germantown and Monmouth. He was near General 
[Charles] Lee and heard the conversation between them when General 
Washington arrested his retreat and made the army advance upon the 
enemy, on which occasion the company to which he belonged (Captain 
Moore's, of Alexandria) captured a brass field piece. He soon after 
resigned his commission. His father gave him nearly all his estate, 
and Thomas Washington left about all of his to his wife." He died 
Jan. 15, 1807, aged 48 years, 4 months and 10 days. His wife was born 
Nov. 22, 1759 and died 1841. There children died in youth. 
4. John Washington and his wife Miss Massey had: 10. Lawrence Wash- 
ington "called Digby," who married his cousin Elizabeth Dade and had 
issue: 32. Fanny (Frances Townshend), married 1st her cousin Thornton 
Washington; 2d Griffin Stith, brother of Col. Robert and Capt. John 
Stith; 28. Needham L^., m.arried Miss Alexander (and had a son; 47. 
Needham L.," who married Miss Hawkins, of N. C, and has removed 
to the West); 26. George d. s. p., 27. Lawrence, d. s. p., and also John, 
d. s. p. (not in the printed account). 10. Lawrence Washington "was 
about 5 feet, 6 inches high, large limbs, remarkable for his strength, 
activity, industry and good management of his aflfairs. His wife Eliza- 
beth Dade was tall and handsome and is every way a superior woman." 
14. Katherine Washington "married her cousin, John Washington, 
of Hylton.". 

From another source the Magazine has an account of some of the de- 
scendants of 33. Henry 6 Washington and Sarah Ashton his wife (XXIII, 
437) . The names of the children as given in this communication agreew ith 
the printed account in regard to nine of the names, but gives Thomas 
Turner instead of Thos. Spence, "Richard Calhoun" instead of Richard 
C, and Hobart and Charles E, not given in the printed accctint. The lat- 
ter is a copy from the family Bible and is no doubt the correct list. 
65. Henry Washington married at "Berryhill," Jefferson Co., Ky., 
Catherine Robinson Bate, and had issue: 1. James Henry, died young; 
2. Glovinia Eugenia, married Alfred Harris, of Ky., 3. Lucy Attala, 
married Andrew Jackson Alexander, of Ky.; 4. Sarah Lenore, died young; 



5. Richard Calhoun, died young; 6. Ella Catherine, married Richard 
S. Hemdon, of Ky.; 7. Robert West, married Eliza Pumphrey, of La.; 
8. Mary West, married Theophilus Mumford, of Ky.; 9 John Throck- 
morton, died young; 10 Henry Thornton, died young; 11. Bate, married 
Millie, daughter of Squire Helm, and granddaughter of Governor Helm, 
of Ky.; 12. Susannah Bond, married Dr. Richard Tydings; 13. Georgiana, 
married he^ brother-in-law, Rd. S. Herndon. 

The Gorsuch and Lovelace Families 

(By J. H. P., Baltimoye, Md.) 

Children of the Rev. John^ Gorsuch (Daniel^, William^) and his 
Wife Anne Lovelace. (Continved): 

9. Charles* Gorsuch of Baltimore County and his Descendants 
(Continued) : 

6- Lovelace^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles^). He was the eldest son of 
Thome s^ Gorsuch and his wife Jane Ensor, and was born about 1715. 
His name is usually spelled Loveless in the records. He signed, Aug. 1st, 
1733, as "next of kin", the inventory of Robert Gorsuch (ante 24;218,220). 
He was foreman of the Baltimore County Grand Jury, August 1744 (Bal- 
to. Co. Court Proc. 1743;293), and in 1754 and 1755 was appointed Overseer 
of Highways from "Steven Gill's to the Court Road and from Jones 
Falls to William Pearce's along^the Court Road" (Balto.CoCourt Proc. 
B.B.,No.A,447 & B.B.,No.B,39b). Loveless Gorsuch purchased from 
George Ogg in 1755 Morgan's Tents Resurveyed,238 acres, and Plum 
Tree Bottom, 30 acres, on Morgan's Rim, near the present Baltimore- 
Carroll county line (Balto. Deeds B.B.,No.J,385). Loveless Gorsuch 
patented Tom's Folly, 52l acres, which he and his wife Sarah sold 
Sept. 13th, 1769, to Luke Davis (Balto. Deeds A. L., No. A, 453). He 
inherited Friendship, 120 acres, [on Beaver Dam Run] under his father's 
will, 1774. Lovelace^ Gorsuch was a Quaker ?s is shown by the probate 
of the will of his brother Thomas^ Gorsuch. The family name of nis wife 
Sarah is not known. He married her prior to 1752. His will, dated May 
8th, 1779, and proved July 10th, 1783, shows that he was then living on 
his plantation Friendship, which he leases to his son John, and divides 
Morgan's Tents and Plum Tree Bottom between his sons Nathan and 
Thomas. He names as his childern who are settled and already have had 
their filial portions, Jane, Nathan, Thomas, Sarah, Ann and Elizabeth. 
He leaves special bequests to his childern Ruth, Rachael, Prudence, 
Charity, Charcilla, Elizabeth, Ann, Sarah, aind Jane. Kis executors 



were his sons Nathan and Thon^as, and the v/itnesses were Joseph Cockev, 
Vorr^an Cxorsuch, Zacahary Kelly and Th 01^ as Kelly (Baltic. Vv'ills, 3, 
498). The will of his widow wSarah Gorsuch, dated Feb. 20th, 1800, and 
proved /.pril 14th, 1S02, names her son John and makes bequests to her 
grandson Nicholas Gorsuch, to her son Thoiras Gorsuch and to her 
daughters Sarah Beaseman, Nancy Bond, Elizabeth Bond, Charity 
Kelly, Chiscilla Gorsuch, Rachael Griffith and Prudence V/illiams. 
She also makes beciuests to her granddaughters Sarah Stevenson, Rebecca 
Hawkins and Mary Hawkins, childern of Joseph Hawkins; to her three 
granddaughters Sarah, Rachael and Chiscilla William.s, daughters of 
John Williams, and to Nicholas Gorsuch, the son of Chiscilla Gorsuch. 
Her son John Gorsuch was m.ade residuary legatee and executor. (Balto. 
Wills, 6, 536). 

Issue of Lovelace^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles^) and his wife Sarah: 

15. i Thomas^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thom^as,^ Charles^). Born April 

nth, 1752. Died in 1814 or 1815. Married February 27th, 
1778 Helen Chapman. Left issue, 
ii Nathan^ Gorsuch (Lo-velace<^, Thomias^, Charles^). Probably 
born about 1760. Died 1788. His will dated April 13th, 1788, 
and proved December 6th, 1788, indicates that he had no wife. 
He refers to his father Loveless Gorsuch, deceased, his m.other 
vSarah, his sister Carcila Gorsuch and her son Nicholas Gor- 
such. He appoints his mother and his brother Thomas ex- 
ectors. (Balto. Wills, 4, 319). 

16. iii John^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Born May 

4th, 1772. Died April 22nd, 1838. Married November 1st, 
1803 Nancy Goodwin. Left issue, 
iv Jane^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Apparently 
born as early as 1760, and married prior to 1788 Joseph Hawkins. 
She had apparently died prior to 1800 leaving issue at least 
three daughters Sarah, Rebecca and Mary Hawkins. 
V Sarah^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Married 
prior to 1788 Thomas Beaseman of Baltim.ore County by whom 
she had issue. 

vi Nancy [Anne]^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles'*). 

Married Benjamin Bond. 

vii Elizabeth^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Married 

by license February 21st, 1778, Henry Bond 

viii Chiscilla^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Married 

first prior to 1788 Gorsuch by whom she had at least 

one child Nicholas Gorsuch. She married secondly by license 
August 26th, 1802, Charles Shipley, and had issue by him, 
Elias, Lovelace, Margaret and Sarah Shipley, as shown by 
his will, ISlo. (Balto. Wills. 10. 57). 



ix Charity^ Cxorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles^). Married 
by license January 20th, 1781 Thomas Kelly . Thomas D. 
Kelly's will, dated December 27th, 1821, and proved February 
5th, 1822, mentions numerous childern and makes ? bequest to 
Thomas, the son of his brother-in-law John Gorsuch (Balto. 
Wills, 11, 373). 

X Prudence^ Gorsuch (Lovelrce^, Thomas^, Charles*). Married 
Benj?min Williams by license January 20th, 1789, by whom she 
appears to have had issue. 

xi RachaeF Gorsuch (LovelaceS, Thomas^, Charles*). Married 

Abednego Griffith by license June 16th, 1796. 

xii Ruth ^Gorsuch (LovelaceS, Thomas-\ Charles*). Married 

John Williams by license November 26th, 1791. She died 
prior to 1800 leaving issue at least three daughters, Sarah, 
Rachael and Chiscilla. 

7. Thomas^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*). He was the second son of 
Thomas^ Gorsuch and Jane Ensor, and was apparently bom about 1720. 
He purchased, 1765, Peter's Discovery, 65 acres, on the north fork of 
the Patapsco from Thomas wStevens (Balto. Deeds, B. No. O. 574). He 
received under the will of his father, jointly with his brotner John, the 
tracts Ensor's Choice and Loveless's Addition, which were afterwards 
resurveyed for them jointly as Gorsuch's Regulation. Thomas Gorsuch 
of Thomas, planter, made his will April 5th, 1777, proved Nov. 24th, 
1777 (Balto. Wills, 3, 321). He left to his son Lovelace, Peter's Dis- 
covery, 140 acres, and Buck's Range, 10 acres; to the guardian of his 
son Nathan £50 and the money to be derived from the sale of the testator's 
one-half interest in land left jointly to the testator and his brother John 
under nis father's will; to his son John the remainder of Buck's Range 
and Rochester and £50. He names his daughters Urith, Ruth and 
Rachael, and appoints William Welsh and his son Lovelace Gorsuch 
trustees, guardians and executors. The name of his wife is unknown. 
The administration account, 1791, shows the marriages of his three 

Issue of Thomas^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*) and his wife • 

17. i Lovelace^ Gorsucn (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Born about 
1750. Married prior to 1793 Elizabeth . Had issue. 

ii^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Born about 

1755. Of age in 1777 when he received 100 acres of Rochester 
under the will of his father (see also Balto. Deeds, W. G.; G. G., 
450), which he sold Oct. 7th, 1791, no wife joining in the deed 
(idem W. G.; G. G. ., 454) Not traced further. 

iii Nathan^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Born about 

1765. May 8th, 1787 his brother Lovelace, as heir-at-law of 
their fatner, joins Nathan^ in a deed clearing the title to cer- 
tain land left to Nathan under his father's will (Balto. Deeds, 



W. G., No. A, 196). Not tr?ced further. Not to be confused 
with Nathan^ (Benjamin^, Charles^ Charles*). 

18. iv John^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Born 1769. 

Died July 1st, 1833. Married Sarah Galloway by license Dec- 
ember 22nd, 1795. Left issue. 
V Urith Gorsuch (Thomas 6, Thomas^, Charles*). Married May 
nth, 1779 John Ensor. (Balto. Co. License). 

vi Ruth'^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Married prior 

to 1777 William Welsh. William Welsh's will, Sept. 6th, 1802, 
names his wife Ruthy (Balto. Wills). 

vii RachaeF Gorsuch (Tliomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Married 
James Hooper by license November 5th, 1783. 

8> John^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*). He was the youngest son of 
Thomas^ Gorsuch and his wife Jane Ensor. A deposition shows that he 
was born about 1730 (Balto. Deeds W. G.; N. N.; 405). Under the will 
of his father he and his brother Thomas received jointly Ensor' s Choice, 
100 acres, and Loveley's Addition, 100 acres, which they later resurveyed 
as Gorsuch's Regulation, 160 acres. John Gorsuch son of Thomas, March 
29th, 1755, had surveyed and patented Charles' Mistake (Annap. Rent 
Roll). This John^ Gorsuch dealt extensively in Baltimore County land. 
Some of the tracts owened by him in 1771, in addition to those mentioned, 
were Anderson's Barrens, 100 acres; part of the Sign of the Panther, 50 
acres; part of Ensor's Inspection, 3 acres; and two lots in Baltim.ore Town. 
It is learned from the family Bible of his son Robert Gorsuch that he 
married Elizabeth Merryman, March 11th, 1755, and that she was the 
daughter of John Merryman and his wife Sarah Rogers , whom he married 
December 30th, 1725. The Bible records the death of Elizabeth wife of 
John Gorsuch September 2nd, 1795, aged 63 years. The register of St. 
Paul's records the birth of Elizabeth, daughter of John and Sarah Merry- 
man, June 4th, 1734. John Gorsuch died August 2nd, 1808. His estate was 
administered upon August 20th, 1808, by his son John M. Gorsuch. The 
administration account of August 24th, 1822, gives a list of the descend- 
ants of John^ Gorsuch. It is thought that this John Gorsuch lived at 
Homestead, where his son Robert''' afterwards lived, on the Harford 
Road near what is now Gorsucn Avenue, in north Baltimore. 

Issue of John^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Charles*) and his wife Elizabeth 
Merryman (order uncertain): 

19. i Robert'' Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Charles*). He was bom 

August 7th, 1757. Died January 18th, 1828. He married Aug- 
ust 8th, 1782, Sarah Donovan. Had issue. 

20. ii John Merryman^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Charles*). Born 

1767. Died November 17th, 1840. Married 1st Sarah (Bowen) 
Stansbury by license Sep. 26, 1804. Married 2nd November 
28th, 1811 Ariana SoUers, the widow of Tobias Stansbury. 

21. iii Richard^ Gorsuch (John ^.Thomas^, Cnarles*). Died 1834. 

He mprried. 



22. iv Nicholps^ Gorsuch. (John<'\ Thomps^, Chprles^). Euried M?y 

7th, 1796. Ke married 1785-1795 possibly as his 2nd wife, 
Mary Lavely, the widov/ of Andrew Granchet. Left issue. 

23. V Joshua^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Charles^). Died August 

9th, 1844. Married 1st Ann Snriith by license June 24, 1795, 
2nd October 23rd, 1806 Eleanor Lynch. Left issue. 

24. vi Dickinson^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Charles^). Died 1815. 

Married March 24th, 1794, Mary Talbott. Left issue, q.v. 

vii Eleanor^ Gorsuch (John6, Thomas^, Charles*). Born January 

30th, 1774. Died July 27th, 1858. Married by license April 25th, 
1793 Joseph Merryman. (vSee Md. Hist. Mag. 10; 289). 

viii Deborah^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Charles*). Married Sept- 

ember 19th, 1793, Nicholas Bryan. Left issue. 
9- John^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). He was the eldest son of 
Charles^ Gorsuch by his first wife, and was bom about 1712-1714. He 
was a member of the Grand Jury, March 1750-1 (Balto. Co. Court Proc. 
T. R. 6) . He married March 4th, 1735, Mary Price (St. Paul's Register) 
He acquired from his father, in 1737 by gift, the tract Bethel, and in 
1741 by purchase, part of Contrivance to Cole's Choice, both on the 
Western Run branch of the Gunpowder near where it is crossed by the 
York Road. He also purchased in the same neighborhood, parts of 
Cole's Choice, Bought Dear, and Round About. These comprised in all a 
farm of about 520 acres (Annap. Debt Books). He sold Sept. 4th, 1746, 
to his brother William^ Gorsuch, Matthews' Farm, etc. which he had 
inherited as heir-at-law of his father. John^ Gorsuch died in 1796 when 
over 80 years of age. His will, dated September 6th, 1788, and proved 
April 20th 1796, in which he is described as John Gorsuch, Senr., divides 
his farm, Cole's Choice, etc., between his two sons Charles and John, 
gives his daughter Mary Gittings two lots in Baltimore Town and cuts 
off his daughters Sarah Gill and Rachel Bosley with five shillings each 
"for reasons best known to myself" (Balto. Wills 5; 271). His widow, 
Mary Gorsuch's will, dated June 30th, 1805, and proved Decem.ber 21st, 
1805, names her daughter Mary Gittings, her son John Gorsuch, her grand- 
childern Eleanor Price, Stephen Gorsuch, Ann Evins, her daughter 
Sarah Gill, wife of John Gill, and granddaughters Achsah Gorsuch and 
Belinda Gorsuch (Balto. Wills 8; 18). 

Issue of John6 Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*), and his wife Mary 
Price: (Order uncertain) 

25. i Charles^ Gorsuch (John^, Charles^, Charles*). Born about 

1738-1740. Living 1808. Married Septem.ber 1st, 1763, Eleanor 
B'ond. Date of death unknown. Left issue 

26. ii John^ Gorsuch (John6, Charles^, Charles*). Born about 1740. 

Living 1808. Date of death unknown. Married prior to 1770 
Belinda Bosley. Left issue, 
iii RachaeF Gorsuch (John^, Cha^les■^ Charles*). Born about 
1735-1743. Married September ISth, 1760, James Bosley (St. 
John's Reeister). 



iv Sarah^ Gorsuch (John^, Charles^, Charles*). Eom about 1740. 
Living 1805. Married July 20th, 1758, John Gill. John Gill was 
bom February 4th, 1737, and was the son of John Gill (born Oct. 
2nd, 1709) and his wife Mary Rogers (born 1712), who was the 
daughter of Nicholas and Eleanor Rogers. (vSt. John's, Reisters- 
town. Register). 

V Mary^Gorsuch (John^, Charles^, Charles*). Married October 
5th, 1779, James Gittings. Living 1788. 

10. William ^ Gorsuch (Charles5, Charles*). He was the second son 
of Charles^ Gorsuch by his first wife, and was probably bom about 1715- 
1718. He was amember of the Baltimore County Grand Jury November, 
1750 (Balto. Co. Ct. Proc. T. R., No. 6, 1). September 4th, 1746, John^ 
Gorsuch and his wife Mary convey to "my beloved brother William Gor- 
such" three tracts Matthews Farm, 100 acres, Matthews Meadow, 50 
acres, and Matthews Addition, part of Addition to Poor Jamaica Man's 
Plague, 50 acres, "on the north side of the Patapsco in the woods on 
Bushey Ridge at the head of a branch jSuttons Run], descending into 
the Gunpowder River" (Balto. Deeds T. B. ;E., 186). This land had 
been inherited by John ^ Gorsuch as the heir-at-law of his father. 
William^ Gorsuch, Sr., September 5th, 1778, no wife joining, conveyed 
Matthews Meadow to ]his son] John Gorsuch. (idem W. G.; No. C, 16), 
and also subsequently deeded other portions of th^se tracts to Richard 
Stansbury and to Thomas Blockley. Suttons Run was the old name 
for Goodwins Run, and and these tracts are situated on the ridge extend- 
ing north westerly from Lutherville towards the Falls Road. 

The will of William Corsage of Baltimore County, dated February 
17th, 1792, was proved June 17th, 1797. He left all of his lands in Balti- 
more County to his daughter Jemima, she to pay her sister Sarah £3 a 
year if in need. He left one shilling each to [his son] John Gorsuch, 
to his son William Gorsuch and to his son Charles Gcrsuch. He appoint- 
ed his daughter Jemima executrix (Balto. Wills 5, 534) . 

Issue of William^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*) and his wife : 

i John7 Gorsuch (William^ Charles^, Charles*). He was pro- 
bably the eldest son and was bom about 1755. His father deeded 
Matthews Meadow, 40 acres, to him in 1778, which as "John 
Gorsuch of William, farmer" he and his wife Mary sold to Ben- 
jamin Parks in 1792 (see W^illiam^ ante). It was apparently this 
John Gorsuch to whom a license to marry McClung was issued 
October 5rd, 1791, and who joined her in a deed as one of the heirs 
of Robert McClung October 25th, 1792 (Balto. Deeds W. G.: K. 
K., 541). Mary McClung was the daughter of Robert McClung of 
Baltimore County (Adm. Accts. 10; 546). 

ii William^ Gorsuch (William^, Charles^, Charles*). Living in 
1792. Received one shilling under the will of his father. Nothing 
definitely is known pbout him. It was probably this William 



who married Caroline Tipton by license January 9th, 1785, and 
Penelope Tipton November 16th, 1786 (Balto. Co. Marriage 
License) ; and it may have been this William Gorsuch who is named 
in the will of William Welsh of Baltimore County, September 
6th, 1802, proved September 13th, 1802 (Balto. Wills 1802), and 
who gave a release for his legacy September 16th, 1829 (Balto. 
Releases 7; 210). 

iii Charles'^ Gorsuch (William^, Charles^, Charles^). Living in 
1792. Received one shilling under his father's will, 1792. He 
cannot be certainly indentified thereafter. It may have been 
this Charles Gorsuch who married Rebecca Gorsuch Nov. 2nd, 
1786 (Early Maryland Marriges Md. Hist. Soc). 

iv Jemima Gorsuch (William^, Charles^, Charles*). She received 
all her father's personal estate and land under his will. She was 
apparently unmarried, April 15th, 1802, when as Jemima Gorsuch 
she conveyed part of Matthews Meadow bounding on tl^e land 
sold by William Gorsuch to his son John (Balto. Deeds W. G. 
75; 70). See also conveyed in 1833 and 1834 land received from 
her father (idem W. G. 229; 61: W. G. 234; 649). 

V Sarah^ Gorsuch (William6, Charles^, Charles*). Living 1792, 
when under the terms of her father's will her sister Jemima was 
to pay her £3 annually if needed. Not certainly traced. Could 
she have been the Sarah Gorsuch who married Benedict Hurst 
by license January 1st, 1791? 

11. Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). He was the third son of 
Charles^ Gorsuch, and the eldest son by his second wife, Sarah Cole. 
He was bom October 12th, 1729 (St. Paul's Register). He died 1792. 
He is first indentified as a land owner, when as "Charles Gorsuch son 
of Charles", he has surveyed for him November 6th, 1770, arid patented 
August 25th, 1771, Cole's Search Amended, 270 acres, part of His Lord- 
ships Reserve on the Western Run branch of the Gunpowder. The 
family name of Charles^ Gorsuch's wife Sarah, whom he married as 
early as 1750, is not known. The baptism of six children of Charles 
and Sarah Gorsuch, viz: Thomas, Dorcas, Charles, Benjamin, Elisha 
and Joshua, between 1750 and 1759, as given below, are found in the St. 
Paul's Register. That she was the mother of his younger childern born 
after 1759, is not certain. 

Charles^ Gorsuch's will, dated August 5rd, 1792, was proved Dec- 
ember 14th, 1792. He left to his sons Thomas, Charles, Benjamin, 
Elisha and John one shilling each, as they had already received their 
share of his estate. He left £15 each to his daughters Sarah, Dorcas 
and Ruth. To his son Joshua lot *305, and to his son David lot *328, 
Philpot Point, Baltimore Town. To his son William, who was made 
executor, he left "my dwelling plantaion Cole's Search Amended" for 
six years after the testator's death, the plantation then to go to the 



testator's son Nicholas. The balance of his personal estate to his son 
William. No wife is mentioned (.Balto. Wills 5, 69). The accotint of 
January 25th, 1794, shows legacies of £15 paid to Charles Peregoy who 
married Ruth Gorsuch, Ahraham Hicks who married Sarah Gorsuch, 
and John Ensor who married Dorcas Gorsuch, while William Gorsuch 
received £516: 15: 3. 

Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch ( Charles^, Charles^), and his wife Sarah 

(order uncertain) : 

27. i Thomas^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles^). Bom Jan- 

uary 5th, 1750-1 (St. Paul's Register). Died 1800. Married 
March 29th, 1779, Kesiah Wheeler. Left issue, 
ii Dorcas^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom June 
50th, 1752 (St. Paul's Register). Married July 2nd, 1772, John 
Ensor (St. John's Register). She was living in 1794, when she 
was paid a legacy from her father's estate. 

28. iii Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom Feb- 

mary 1st, 1753-4 (St. Paul's Register). He married about 1777, 
Hannah [Bosley*] Left issue. 

29. iv Benjamin^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom 

April 29th, 1755 (St. Paul's Register). Died 1794. Married 
June 3rd, 1783, Mary Holland. Left issue. 

30. V Elisha7 Gorsuch (Charles^ Charles^, Charles*). Bom January 

21st, 1757 (St. Paul's Register). Died 1820. Married September 
14th, 1803 Susanna Miller. Left issue, 
vi Joshua^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Born April 
20th, 1759. (St. Paul's Register). Died 1797. Apparently died 
unmarried, as in a deed. Mar. 16, 1793, he is not joined by a wife 
(Balto. Deeds W. G. K. K. ,524), and his will, June 4, 1797, and 
proved June 28, 1797, makes his brother Nicholas, executor, and 
divides his estate among Thomas, John and Benjamin, sons of 
[his brother] Benjamin Gorsuch, deceased (Balto. Wills 6; 5). 
Issue of Charles^ Gorsuch (Charles^ Charles*), possibly by his 
second wife: 

John ^Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Probably 
bom after 1760. Living 1792. It was probably this John Gorsuch 
who, in 1791 and 1796, with Charles Peregoy [who married Ruth^ 
Gorsuch, his sister] sold Jeopardy, etc., no wife joining John Gor- 
such, which they had bought jointly in 1788. It may have been 
this John Gorsuch who married Mary Riley by license November 
29th, 1797, but he has not been certainly traced. 

31. viii David^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom 1760- 

1765. He died 1841. Married Rebecca Gorsucli by license Oct- 
ober 30th, 1786. Left issue. 

32. ix William^ Gorsuch (Charleso, Chr.rless, Charles*). Born Nov- 

ember 27th, 1769. Died January 16th, 1846. Married 1st June 




30th, 1793, Averilla Vaughan. He married 2nd, June 30th 1803, 
Ann Mclntire. Left issue by both wives. 
33. X Nicholas^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom 1774. 
Died May 26th, 1839. Married 1st Nancy Glenn; married 2nd 
Agnes Glenn. Left no issue. 

xi Sarah^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom about 
1764. Married Abraham Hicks by license March 2nd, 1781. 
Living 1794 when she recevied £l5 from her father's estate. 

xii Ruth^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom about 
1766. Married Charles Peregoy, by license June 15th, 1785. 
She had two daughters living 1849, viz: Ann married Elias Read, 
and Elizabeth married George Shipley (Balto. Deeds *411; 445). 

12. Benjamin^ Gorsuch (Charles^ , Charles*) . He was the fourth son 
of Charles^ Gorsuch, and the second son by his second wife Sarah Cole. 
He was bom October 17th, 1730. (St. Paul's Register), and was living 
as late as 1796. The name of. his first wife in not known. He married 
secondly July 17th, 1760, Kerenhappuch Johnson (St. John's Register). 
She was probably the daughter of Jacob Johnson, who leased part of 
Clynmalyra from Charles Carroll in 1766. The names of three sons, 
Charles, Nathan and Thomas, have been leamed indirectly from deeds. 
It is quite probably that he had at least another son Jacob*, and that 
he also had daughters. There is a deed Febmary 8th, 1762, from John 
Woodward of Baltimore County, and his wife Elizabeth, conveying 
for a nominal consideration, part of lot No. 39 in Baltimore Town to his 
nephew Nathan, with reversion to his nephew Charles, respectively 
the youngest and eldest sons of Benjamin Gorsuch; and the same day he 
conveys the remainder of the same lot to David^ Gorsuch [a brother of 
Benjamin^ Gorsuch] (Balto. Deeds B. No. 1, 490, 491). There is another 
deed, dated August 3rd, 1798, executed by Thomas Gorsuch of Benjamin 
for land bought in 1794 by the grantor (idem W. J. No. 56, 138). As a 
witness of the will of William Sinclair, Febmary 13th, 1793, Benjamin^ 
Gorsuch made his mark. This Benjamin^ Gorsuch must be carefully 
distinguished from his nephew Benjamin^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^, 
Charles*) who was not a marksman. Benjamin^ Gorsuch appears in 
the "Tax List of 1783" and in the "Census of 1790" as living in Mine 
Run Htindred, on "175 acres, part of Carroll's Manor", apparently 
in what is now the north east^m part of Baltimore County, which he 
may have inherited from his wife , Kerenhappuch Johnson. His sons 
Charles and Nathan were certainly childem of his first marriage. The 
maternity of Thomas is uncertain. 

♦Jacob Gorsuch, January 21st, 1796, married by license Elizabeth 
Hetherton. Benjamin^ Gorsuch and Jacob Gorsuch, February 13th, 1793, 
witnessed the will of William Sinclair, Jacob signing his name, and Ben- 
jamin making his mark. January 21st, 1910, Jacob Gorsuch, of Balti- 
more City, and his wife Elizabeth executed a deed (Balto. Deeds W. G. 
No. 109, 276). By exclusion Jacob Gorsuch would appear to be of the 
line of Benjamin® Gorsuch. 



Childem of Beniamin^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). Maternity 
and order of birth uncertain. 

34. i Charles^ Gorsuch (Benjamin^, Charles^, Charles*). Bom 
prior to 1757. Married Delia Dimmitt, by license Dec. 22nd, 
1784. Moved to Kentucky. 

35 ii Nathan^ Gorsuch (Benjamin^, Charles^ Charles*). Bom 
prior to 1758. Died 1813. Married Polatia [Pelatiah] Pearce 
by license September 13th, 1779. 
iii Thomas^ Gorsuch (Benjamin^ , Charles^ , Charles* ) . He married 
Rachael McClung by license December 16th, 1787. His matemity 
is uncertain. Date of birth and death unknown. His wife was 
the daughter of Robert McClung of Baltimore County (Balto. Co. 
Deeds W. G.; K. K., 541). "Thomas Gorsuch of Benjamm", 
August 30th, 1798, is joined by his wife Rachael in the sale of 
part of the tract, Hardesty's Chance near Reisterstown, which 
he had bought in 1796 (Balto. Co. W. G. No. 56; 138). He has 
not been traced. 

13. Davide Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles*). He was the fifth son of 
Charles Gorsuch and the third son by his wife Sarah Cole. He was bom 
March 2nd, 1734 (St. Paul'sRegister). He acquired by purchase Stone s 
Range 194 acres.on Back River, as will as part of East Humphrey's, 
and lots No. 55 and No. 39 in Baltimore Town. He patented Gorsuch's 
Lot ,520 acres, in Frederick County. David Gorsuch married Ehzabeth 
Hanson about 1760. According to family papers she was the daughter 
of Jonathan Hanson and his wife Sarah Spicer, and was bom August 
12th, 1741. After the death of David Gorsuch, she married by hcense, 
December 8th, 1785, Daniel Weatherby , and may have been the Elizabeth 
Weatherby who married Joseph Gardiner by license June 5th, 1802. 
David Gorsuch died May, 1784. His will dated May 5th, and proved 
May 26th 1784, mentions his wife Elizabeth, his daughter Sarah, de- 
ceased, and the latter's son son Charles Stansbury. He leaves to his 
daughter Elizabeth Gorsuch and to her son William Gorsuch his house 
at Fells Point now inhabited by her. He divides the remamder of his 
property between his daughters Mary, Jemima, Kesiah, Kerenhappuch 
and Ann Gorsuch. He leaves to [his sister?] Barbara Wilkinson lot No. 35 
bought of Lancelot Watson where she now lives. He made his wife 
Elizabeth and his friends Josias Pennington and William Askew ex- 
ecutors (Balto. Wills 6, 3). The account of May 21st, 1787, shows that 
his widow was then Elizabeth Weatherby, and that Charles Jessop had 
married his daughter Mary Gorsuch. The account of August 10th, 179L 
shows that Christopher Buck had married his daughter Kesiah, and 
that James Stansbury had married one of his daughters. The final 
account of Febmary 19th, 1794 shows that Charles Jessop was the ad- 
ministrator of the estate of Kerenhappuch Gorsuch, daughter of David; 
that Elijah Stansbury had married his daughter Elizabeth Gorsuch 
and that Lavillin Berry had married Jemima Gorsuch. 



Issue of David^ Gorsuch (Charles^, Charles^). and his wife Eliz- 
abeth Hanson (order tineertain) : 

i Sarah '^Gorsuch (David^, Charles^, Charles'*). Bom about 
1760. Manied December 27th, 1779, Elijah Stansbury (St. Paul's 
Register). He was bom November 7th, 1751, and was the son 
of Dixon and Penelope (Body) Stansbury. Sarah'' (Gorsuch) 
Stansbury died prior to November 15th, 1783, leaving issue one 
son Charles^ Stansbury. Her husband Elijah Stansbury married 
secondly her sister Elizabeth"^ Gorsuch. 

ii Elizabeth'' Gorsuch (David^, Charles^, Charles'*). Bom about 

1764. She had apparently married prior to 1783 Gorsuch, 

and at the time her father made his will in 1784, was living with 
her son William Gorsuch in a house on Fells point deeded to her 
mother by William Fell. She married November 15th, 1783, 
Elijah Stansbury, who had previously married her sister Sarah^ 

iii Mary'' Gorsuch (David^, Charles^, Charles'*). Born August 
29th, 1767. Died July 9th 1832. (Family records in the poss- 
ession of her descendant, the Rev. Lewis Beeman Browne). She 
married April 15th, 1786, Charles Jessop of Vaux Hall, Baltimore 
County, by license April 12th, 1786. He was the son of William 
and Margaret (Walker) Jessop and was bora November 6th,. 
1759, and died April 2nd, 1828 (Family records). They left 
several childem. 

iv Jemima'' Gorsuch (David ^, Charles^, Charles'*). She married 
first James Stansbury by license February 7th, 1789. She 
married secondly Lavallin Berry by license March 14th, 1795. 
She is known to have lef^ issue by her second husband. 

v Kesiah'' Gorsuch (David^, Charles^, Charles'*). She was bora 
1772 (Family records). She died February 25rd, 1840. She 
married by license October 9th, 1790, Christopher Buck. He was 
bom April 1st, 1765, and died March 6th, 1807. He was the son 
of Benjamin and Dorcas (Sutton) Buck. She left issue. 

iv Kerenhappuch'' Gorsuch (David^, Charles^, Charles^). She 
was a minor October 12th, 1791, when her brother-in-law James 
Stansbury was appointed her guardian. She was dead January 
11th, 1794, when her estate was administered upon by her brother- 
in-law Charles Jessop. She died unmarried. 

vii Anne Gorsuch'' (David^, Charles^, Charles'*). She had died 
unmarried prior to 1794, as she did no share in her sister Karen- 
happuch's estate. 

14> Norman'' Gorsuch (Charles^', John^, Charles^). He. was the son 
of Charles^ Gorsuch and his 2nd wife Margaret Harvey. He married 
his cousin Keturah^ Gorsuch, (Charles'', John^, Charles^, Charles'*) by 
license Nov. 8th, 1790. He removed prior to 1817 to Muskingum County, 



Ohio. The St. Thomas's register, Baltimore County, records the birth 
of Charles, and the St. James register the birth of Nicholas Norman, 
sons of Norman and Keturah Gorsuch. Norman^ Gorsuch witnessed 
a Baltimore County will in 1815. Norman^ Gorsuch's will, dated 
Sept. 19, 1822, and proved Oct. 3, 1828, in Zanesville, Muskingum County, 
Ohio, names his wife Kitty, his son Joshua, Eliza daughter of his SQn 
Charles, deceased, his three eldest daughters, Mararet, Achsah and 
Rachel and his two two youngest daughters Aberilla and Mary. 

Issue of Norman ^Gorsuch (Charles^, John^, Charles*) and his 
wife Keturah^ Gorsuch. (order uncertain): 

i Charles^ Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). Bom 
Aug. 20th, 1791 (St. Thomas's Register). "Charles Gorsuch of 
Muskingum Coimty, Ohio" married Rachael Bond of Baltimore 
Conty, Oct. 30th, 1817 (Balto. American, Nov. 3rd, 1817). The 
estate of Charles^ Gorsuch was administered upon in Muskingum 
Co., Ohio, Nov. 5, 1821. His father's will showed that he left 
a daughter Elizabeth^ Gorsuch living 1822. 

ii Nicholas Norman^ Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles 
4). Bom April 9th, 1795. Not named in his father's will 1822. 
Not traced. 

iii Joshua^ Gorsuch (Nor man^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). Under 
his father's will, 1822, of which he was made executor, he received 
his father's farm in Muskingum Co., after his mother's death. 
Was then living in Muskingum Co., Ohio. 

iv Margaret^ Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^., Charles*). 
She received under her father'will ,with her sisters Achsah^ and 
Rachel^, a tract of land in Licking County, Ohio. 

y Achsahs Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). She 
received with her sisters Margaret^ and Rachel^ a tract in Licking 
County, Ohio, under her father's will, 
vi Rachel^ Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). She 
received with her sisters Margaret and Achsah a tract in Licking 
County, Ohio, under her father's will. 

vii AberillaS Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). She 
and her sister MaryS received under her father's will, 1822, the 
tract Canaan in Baltimore County, which they deeded jointly, 
Jan. 10th, 1831, she signing as Abrilla, wife of Jesse Butler of 
Muskingum County, Ohio. (Balto. Deeds; T. K. *254;189). 

viii Mary 8 Gorsuch (Norman^, Charles^, John^, Charles*). As 
Mary Gorsuch she and her sister Aberilla Butler, Jan. 10th, 1831, 
jointly deed the tract Canaan, in Baltimore County, which they 
had inherited tinder their father's will, 1822 (Balto. Deeds; T. K. 
*254, 189). 



15a Thomas'^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). He was bom 
April 11th, 1752. He inherited from his father Lovelace Gorsuch a 
half interest in the tracts Morgan's Tents and Plum Tree Bottom located 
on Morgan's Run in Carroll County near the present Baltimore and Car- 
roll County line. He married February 27th, 1778, Helen Chapman, 
the daughter of Robert and Margaret Chapman, who was bom June 
18th, 1763. The above dates bave been obtained from the Gorsuch- 
Bennett-Chapman Family Bible, thought the kindness of Mrs. Hester 
Dorsey Richardson. The estate of' "Thomas Gorsuch of Lovelace" 
was administered upon January 6th, 1815, by his son Nathan Gorsuch 
and his widow Helen Gorsuch (Balto. Admns. 1815). The will of 
Helen Gorsuch, dated January 19th, 1823, was proved Febmary 21st 
1823 (Balto. Wills 11 ; 522) . The data and the names of the nine children 
given below have been obtained from the Family Bible, the will of Helen 
Gorsuch, and a petition in regard to the division of the estate of Thomas 
Gorsuch, October 16th, 1816 (Balto. Deeds W. G. No. 115; 118). 

Issue of Thomas^ Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Charles^, Charles*) and his 
wife Helen Chapman: 

i Lovelace* Gorsuch (Thomas'^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom December 6th, 1778 (Bible). Died prior to 1816 as he is 
not named in the peitition of 1816. He left no issue. 

ii Margaret* Gorsuch (Thomas'^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Carles*). 
Bom April 9th, 1780. (Bible) Married Benjamin Bennett by 
license October 16th, 1813. Living 1823. 

iii Thomas* Gorsuch (Thomas'^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom April 6th, 1782. (Bible) Living 1823. Was this the 
Thomas Gorsuch who married Jane Hamilton by license August 
4th, 1810? 

iv Nathan* Gorsuch (Thomas''', Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Born May 1st, 1784 (Bible). He married Anne Buckingham 
by license January 8th, 1818. His estate was administered upon 
May. 12th, 1821. From the guardians accotint, 1822, (Balto. 
Guard. Accts. 1822), and a deed, June 16, 1827 (Balto. Deeds W. 
G. No. 188; 10), it is leamed that there were three children. Love- 
less M., Nathan and Isaac Gorsuch, the last named being ap- 
parently dead in 1827. 

V Elizabeth* Gorsuch (Thomas'^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom June, 25th, 1786. She married by license, September 21st, 
1811, Richard Hall. The will of her mother, 1823, names two 
granddaughters Eleanor and Julian Hall, then imder sixteen years. 
The latter as Juliet Ann Hall was living in Jefferson County, Ohio, 
in 1831 (Balto. Releases 8; 60). 
vi Sarah *Gorsuch (Thomas'^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, ' Charles*). 
Born June 27th, 1788. (Bible). Married by license November 
8th, 1815, Benjamin Gorsuch. He was almost certainly Benjamin* 
Gorsuch (Nathan''', Benjamin^, Charles^, Charles*). Living in 



vii Prudence^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, LovelaceS, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom October 12th, 1790. (Bible). Married April 1st, 1815, Larkin 
Bennett (Bible). Not traced, 
viii Hannah^ Gorsuch (Thomas^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom May 12th, 1792 (Bible). Married by license January 23rd, 
1819, Obadiah Buckingham. Not traced, 
ix George Washington* Gorsuch (Thomas^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, 
Charles*.) Bom June 23rd, 1795 (Bible). Named in 1823 his 
mother's executor. He married prior to 1825 Mary, daughter of 
William Gardner. George W. Gorsuch and his wife Mary, Dec- 
ember 12th, 1829, convey certain land (Balto. Deeds W. G. No. 
204; 552). His will, dated April 5th, 1866, and proved July 30th, 
1866, names only his wife Mary and his son Phineas A. Gorsuch 
(Carroll Co. Wills 3; 426) 
16- John7 Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). He was bora 
May 4th, 1772, as his tombstone in the Mount Pleasant Cemetery, 
Gamber, Carroll County, states that he died April 22nd, 1838, aged 65 
years, llmonths and 18 days. He inherited Friendship under the will 
of his father, which he and his mother Sarah sold, August 11th, 1796 
(Balto. Deeds W. G., X. X., 118). He owned a large farm, called Chest- 
nut Grove, near Gamber, Carroll County. He married November 1st, 
1803 Nancy Goodwin (St. Paul's Register). The writer is indebted to 
his granddaughter Mrs, James Young of Baltimore for the names of his 
children, and for an opportunity to examine sundry old family deeds and 
patents covering land owned by John^ Gorsuch. 

Issue of John7 Gorsuch (Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*), and his 
wife Nancy Goodwin: 

i Loveless (Lovelace)* Gorsuch (John^, Lovelace^, Thomas^ 
Charles*). Bora about 1804. Marrried Rachael Ann B. Shipley 
by license, March 25th, 1834. Lived in Woolery District, Carroll 
County. Left issue. 

ii Nathan* Gorsuch (John^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles ). 
Bora about 1808. Married Gorilla Jordan by license, April 10th, 
1839 Lived in Woolery District, Carroll County. Left issue 

iii Peregrine* Gorsuch (John^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Married Ann Maria Henning by license September 22nd ,^ 1831. 
Lived in Baltimore. Left issue. 

iv John Washington * Gorsuch ( John^, Lovelace^, Thomas^, 
Charles*). Married Caroline Beaver of Westminster. Lived 
in Carroll County. Left issue. 

v Thomas Jefferson* Gorsuch (John^, Lovelace^, Thomas^ 
Charles*). Bora 1814. Died October 18th, 1905. Married 1st, 
January 27th, 1846, Sarah Jane Waite, the daughter of William 
W Waite. She died April 50, 1848. Married secondly Eleanor 
Hall Wells^ His daughter Sarah^ Gorsuch, who married James 



Yoimg, has given the writer valuable information in regard to 
these later lines. 

vi Sarah^ Gorsuch (John'', Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). She 
was the eldest daughter. She married Edmiind Stocksdale, 
June 1st, 1840 (Balto. American, June 6th, 1840.) 

vii Eliza Ann^ Gorsuch (John'^ , Lovelace^ , Thomas^, Charles*). 
Married David Owens. 

viii Julia^ Gorsuch (John', Lovelace^, Thomas^, Charles*). Died 

17. Lovelace' Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Bom about 
1750. As the eldest son and heir at law of his father Thomas® Gorsuch, 
Lovelace' Gorsuch, May 8th, 1787, joined his brother Nathan in a con- 
firmatory deed to Ensor's Choice and Loveless' Addition, left Nathan 
under his father's will (Balto. Deeds W. G., A. A. 196). In 1789 Love- 
lace' Gorsuch sells a portion of Peter's Discovery Enlarged (idem W. G., 
D. D. 292), inherited imder the will of his father. He purchased in 
1799, Lux's Advaenture, 200 acres, (idem W. G. No. 58, 406), which he 
sold the following year. The register of St. James's church, Baltimore 
Cotinty, records the birth of seven children of a Lovelace and Elizabeth 
Gorsuch which certainly refers to the subject of this sketch. His wife's 
family name is not known. He has not been traced. 

Issue of Lovelace'' Gorsuch (Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*) and 
his wife Elizabeth : 

i William^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom April 30th, 1793. Was this the William Gorsuch who 
married Rebecca Tibbett by license December 31st, 1814? 

ii Nathan^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom March 20th, 1795. Not traced. 

iii Jesse^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). Born 
Febmary 10th, 1797. It may have been this Jesse Gorsuch who 
married Jane Poteet by license November 11th, 1815. 

iv James^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Bom December 14th, 1799. Was this James Gorsuch who married 
Elizabeth Smith by license December 22nd, 1825? 

V Rachel^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Born January 28th, 1801. 

vi Nicholas^ Gorsuch (Lovelace' Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Born September 22nd, 1802. Was this the Nicholas Gorsuch 
who married Eliza Croggs by license Dember 31st, 1829? 

vii Eleanor^ Gorsuch (Lovelace', Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Born June 20th, 1805. 

18a John 'Gorsuch (Thomas®, Thomas^, Charles*). He was born 
about 1769 as his tomstone shows that he died July 1st, 1833, in his 64th 
year. Under the will of his father he received parts of Buck's Range and 


Rochester, and £50. He married Sarah Galloway by license December 
22nd 1795. After his death his personal property was sold at the 
"North Hampton Furnace Farm" which was apparently located to the 
southeast of Cockeysville. He and his wife are buried in the old Harry- 
man Burial Ground on the farm which belonged to their son-in-law John 
Harryman, known as the Harryman-Todd farm, situated about three 
miles east' of Cockeysville. Their tomstones are marked as follows: 
"Sacred to the Memory of John Gorsuch of Thomas, who departed this 
life July 1st, 1833, in the 64th year of his age" ; and "Sacred to the Mem- 
ory of Sarah Gorsuch who departed this life December 2nd, 1851, in the 
85th year of her age" (Ridgely's Historic Graves of Maryland; 132). 
The names of the children of John and Sarah Gorsuch are learned from 
the administration account of his estate October 12th, 1836 (Balto. 
Admins. Accts. 1836). and the will of Sarah Gorsuch, the widow, dated 
Febuary 18th, 1848, and proved December 17th, 1851 (Balto. Wills 24, 
411). This will shows that the widow was then living on Cove Street, 
Baltimore City. 

Issue of John7 Gorsuch (Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*), and his 
wife Sarah Galloway: 

i William G.^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Living 1855. ' Not traced. 

ii Rachels Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). She 
married Edward Rider by license February 26th, 1817. 

iii RuthS Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Un- 
married in 1848. 

iv Harriets Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Married John Harryman by license December 9th, 1825. Her 
tombstone reads: "Sacred to the Memory of Harriet wi^e of John 
Harryman, Departed this life aged 40 years July 3, 1841". Her 
husband's tombstone reads: "In Menory of John Harryman, Bom 
Nov. 6, 1788; Died Aug. 27, 1854". (Ridgely's Historic Graves 
of Md.,p. 152). 

v AngelineS Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Married Nelson Brown by license August 17th, 1833. Living 1855. 

vi AnnS Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). Married 
Hilary J. Elder by license September 6th, 1837. Living 1855. 

vii Sarah Jane^ Gorsuch (John^, Thomas^, Thomas^, Charles*). 
Married John Penniman by license January 6th , 1836 . Living 1855 . 




The Soul of Lee. By one of his Soldiers, Randolph H. McKim.' 
Late Lientenant and a. d. c. Brig. Gen. George Steuart's Brigade, 
Major-Gen. Edward Johnson's Division, Ewell's Corps, Army of North- 
ern Virginia. Longmans, Green and Co. Fourth Ave & 30th St. New 
York, London (&c) 1918, pp. 258. 

A Bibliography of Virginia, Part II. Containing the Titles of 
THE Printed Official Dorcements of the Commonwe.\lth 1776-1916. 
By Earl G. Swem, Assistant Librarian, Bulletin Virginia State Library, 
Vol. 10, Nos. 1-4. Richmond, Davis Bottom, Superintendant Public 
Printing, 1917, pp. 1404.OO 

A Register of the General Assembly of Virginia, 1776-1918 and 
OF the Contitutional Conventions. By Earl G. Swem, Assistant 
Libraian and John W. Williams, Clerk of the House of Delegates. 
Virginia State Library Bulletin, Richmond. Davis Bottom, Superin- 
tendant of Public Printing, 1918, pp. 450. 

A Century of Negro Migration. By Carter G. Woodson, Ph. D. 
(Harvard). Editor of the Journal of Negro History, and Author of The 
Education of the Negro Prior to 1861., Washington, D. C. The Associa- 
tion for the Study of Negro Life and History, 1918, pp. 221. 

The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861. A History of the 
Education of the Colored People of the United States from the 
Beginning of Slavery to the Civil War. By C. G. Woodson, Ph. D. 
(Harvard). G. P. Putmans Sons, New York and London, The Knicker- 
bocker Press, 1915, pp. 454. 

French Policy and the American Alliance of 1778. By Edwar^ 
S. Corwin, Ph. D., Professor of Politics Princeton University, Author 
of "National Supremacy" (&c). Princeton University Press, Princeton, 
London: Himphrey Milford, Oxford University Press, 1916, pp. 480. 

The Pacific Ocean in History. Papers and Addresses Presented 
at the Panama-Pacific Historical Congress held at San Francisco, 
Berkeley and Palo Alto, California, July 19-23, 1915.' Edited by H. 
Morse Stephens Sather Professor of History, University of Califomi/, 
Herbert E. Bolton, Professor of American History, University, of Cal- 
ifornia, New York, The Macmillan Company, 1917, pp. 535. o 

The Leveller Movement. A Study in the History and Political 
Theory of the English Great Civil War. By Theodore Calvin Pease, 
Ph. D., Associate in History, University of Illinois. Washington: 
American Historical Association. London, Humphrey Milford, Oxford 
University Press, 1916, pp. 416. o 



The Middle Group of American Historians. By John Spencer 
Bassett Ph D L L. D. Author of "A Short History of the United 
States"', "The Life of Andrew Jackson", &c. New York, The Macmillan 
Company, 1917, pp.324. 

The Beginnings of Public Education in Virginia, 1776-1800. 
Study of Secondary Schools in Relation to the State Library Fund. 
Bv A J Morrison, [Issued by the State Board of Education as a Report 
Introductory to the Series of Anunal Reports of the Superintendant of 
Public Instraction.) Richmond; Davis Bottom, Superintendant of Pubhc 

Printing, 1917, pp. 195.00 „ c , 

The Taxation of Negroes in Virginia. By Tipton Ray Snavely, 
Phelps-Stokes Fellow, 1915-1917. Publications of the University of 
Virginia, Phelps-Stokes Fellowship Series, n. p; n. d. [1916], pp. 97. 

Life and Times of Stephen Girard, Mariner and Merchant^ 
By John Bach McMaster, Professor of American History, Umyersity of 
Pennsyliana. With Illustrations in color and double tone, 2 vols. Phila- 
delphia and London, J. B. Llppiscottj:ompany, 1918, pp. 469, 480. 

Historic Mackinac. The Historical, Picturesque and Legendary 
Features of the Mackinac Country. Illustrated from sketches drawings, 
maps and photographs, with an original map of Mackinac Island made 
especially for this work. By Edwin V. Wood, LLD., Formerly Pre i- 
dent of the Michigan Historical Commission (&c. &c.) 2 vols. New York, 
The Macmillian Company 1918, pp. 697, 773. 

The Foreign Policy of Woodrow Wilson, 1913-1917. By Edgar 
E Robinson, Assistant Professor of American History, Leland Stanford 
Jr University, and Victor J. West, Assistant Professor Political Science, 
Leland Stanford Jr. University, New York, The Macmillan Company, 

'^'%HE r'se of the Spanish Empire in the Old World and the New. 
By Roger Bigelow Merriman, Professor of History in Harvard University, 
New lork. The Macmillan Company 1918, Vol. I, The Middle Ages, 
pp. 529; vol. II, The Catholic Kings, pp. 387.000 

Early Life and Letters of Gener..l Thomas J J ackson "Stone- 
wall", Jackson. By His Nephew Thomas Jackson Arnold. 1"-^*-*;^. 
Fleming H. Revell Company, New York, Chicago (&c.) n. p. (1916), 

LETTERS OF George LoNcTl^d by Thomas Fit^hugh, Pro- 
fessor of Latin in the University of Virginia. The Library, University 
of Virginia, 1917. [Illustrated], pp. 66. 

Reconstruction in Louisiana after 1868^ By EUa Sloan^ Ph^D 
Assistant Professor in Grirniell College. G. P. Putnams Sons, New York 
and London, 1918, pp. 538. 


Titles of Separate Articles are Indicated by Small Capitals. 

Abbott, Geo., 381 
Abbottsbey, 281 
Abeart, 194 

Abel, Abell, 194, 195, 198, 199, 409 

Aberfoyle, 318 

Abersley, 281 

Abigail, ship, 3, 4, 13 

Abingdon, Abington, 33, 217, 344, 

Abney, IV 

Accomac Co., 254, 338, 347, 353 
Adair, 334, 335 

Adams, 151, 152, 190, 195, 196, 241, 

337, 403, 404, III, IV 
Adderly, 115, 145 
Addison, IV 
Aden, 123 
Adkins, 195, IV 
Adlington, 38 
Aery, 297 
Aesop, 175 
Afton, 230 
Agincourt, 33 
Agmondesham, 277 
Ahart, 196 
Acton, 202 
Airey, 95 

Aix La Chapelle, 111 
Akers, 338o 

Alabama, 229, 231, 378, 349, 418 
Alansonne, 99 
Alaska, 223 

Albemarle Co., 231, 305, 315, 316, 
317, 336, 419; Notes from Re- 
cords OF 316 et seq 

Alcock, 198, 199 

Alexander, 74, 86, 158, 193 , 293, 
295, 320, 338, 397, 399, 402, 420, 

Alexandria, 233, 226, 319, 337, 341, 
346, 417-420 

All Saints Parish, 35 

Allegheny, 314 

Allegre, 319 

Allen, 64, 196, 197, 200, 226, 291, 

317, 399, 411, IV 
Allford, 5, 6 
AUington, 12, 237, 238 
Almsmen, 278 
Almond, 398 
Allnut, 5, 121 
Allyn, 53, 153 
Als worth, 278 
Ambler, IV 

Amelia Co., 64, 109 , 291, 292, 347;. 

C. H., 344 
American His. Asso., 437 
American Historians, The. Middle 

Group of, 438 
Amersham, 277 
Ames, 157, IV 
Amherst Co., 336 
Amsterdam, 90 
Amy, ship, 389 
Ancell, IV 



Anderson, 59, 104, 158, 180, 207, 
226, 294, 295, 335, 349, I, IV xxi, 
xxii, li; Barracks, 424 

Andreas, xlvii 

Andrew, 82 

Andrews, 185, 338, iii, iv, vii 
Ann, (ship) 1^, (galley), 53, & 

Elizabeth, (ship) 53 
Annables, 282 

Annapolis, 90, 91, 217, 219, 409 
Anne Arundel County, 89, 98, 219, 

Anniston, 231 
Ansbren, 192 
Antrim, iv; Ireland, 375 
Ap, Adam, 202 
Applewaite, 125 

Appomatocke, Appomattox, 21, 

22, 232, 240, 410 
Arbuthnot, 168 
Arctic (steamer, 207 
Archer, 89, 191 
Argall, 270, 271 
Arhart, 191 
Arlington, 349 
Arlsey, 281 

Armistead, 56, 58, 153, 399 
Armstrong, 376-378 
Arrington, 232, 316 
Arnold, 197, 199, 299, 389 
Arundell, 13-15 
Ashber, 226 
Ashby, 63 
Ashefield, 281 
Asheville, xxxix 
Ashton, 202 
Askew, 430 
Askot, 383 
Ashland, 340 
Ashley, 150, 183 
Ashrame, 218 
Ashton, 74, 104, 320, 420 
Ash well, 279 

Assembly of Va, records of, 44, 45, 
as appellate court, 138 

Asson, 244 
Astley, 145-149, 275 
Atchison, 157 
Atherley, 149, 150 
Atherton, 112 

Atkins, 147, 192-200, 297 , 299, 
301, 343, 354, 373, 374, 403, iv 
Atkinson, 279, 312, 323, 324, iv 
Atterton, 380 
Atwood, iv 
Auburn, 336, 349 

Auditor's Office Papers, Va., 

151 et seq 
Augusta, Co., 191, 206, 306, 335, 

363, 364, 366, 371, 375, 378; 

militia, 371 
Austen, 117, 269 
Austin-Leigh, iv, xxix, xxviii 
Austens, 118 
Austerfield, 108 
Austin, 67, 338, xxii 
Avery, 156 
Axtell, 34, iv 
Aylett, 232, 294, 279 
Ayleway, 18, 134, 252 , 390 , 391, 


Babylon, 110, 111 t 
Back River, 210, 217, 218 
Back River Hundred, 221 
Backchurch, 17 

Bacon, 39 , 40, 42, 106, 136 , 25 - 
254, 255 , 256 , 291, 389 , 394, iii, 
iv, xiv 

Baconsfield, 32 

Baedeker, 82 

Bagby, iv 

Bagdad, 111 

Baggit, 61 

Bagnell, iii 

Bailey, 155 , 243 

Bainham, 237 

Bairon, 58 

Baker, 226, 269, 338, iv 
Balch, vii 



Baldwin, 64, 145, 307 

Bale, 94, 95 

Balfour, 153 

Balie, 97 

Bailey, 158 

Ball, 34, 152, 153, 158 

Ball's Creek, 209, 217 

Ballard, 56, 187, 190, 191, 199, 

299, iv 
Ballenger, 32 
Balmain, 199 

Baltimore, 89-92, 201, 218, 220, 
230, 325-329, 418, 419, 427, 430, 

Baltimore Co., 89-98, 103, 208- 

211, 216-222, 325-332, 421-436 
Baltimoye, 421 
Banks, iii 
Banks, 35, 293 
Banner, 95 

Bannister, Joseph, Orders for, 
1711, 54 Banister, 23, 54, 69, 
384, 389 

Bannuthos, 36 

Banton, 338 

Barbadoes, 24, 169 , 273-275, 383, 

Barbage, 194 
Barbary, 246 

Barber, Barbour, 123, 191, 200, 

403, 405, 407, iii, iv 
Bardstown, 320 
Barham, iv 
Barker, 266, 281, 300 
Barksdale, iii 
Barlow, 156 
Barnard, 383 
Bameby, 226 
Barnes, 158 
Bamett, 120, 385 
Barradall, 305 
Barratt, iii 

Barret, Barrett, 104, 105, 299, 317 
Barron, 64, 294 
Barry, 334 

Barton, 331, 332, xxxii 
Bartlett, 215 

Baskervile, Randal, will (1655), 

with note, 278 
Baskervill, Baskerville, 278, 279, 

iv, vii 
Bassano, 19, 20 

Basse, 239, 358; Choice, 359 

Basset, 438, iii 

Bate, 418, 420 

Bates, 178, 317, iv 

Bath, 35, 166, 170 

Bath County, 366 

Bather, 185 

Bathurst, 387 

Battaile, 229, 408 

Batten, 209 

Batson, 274 

Battery at Point Comfort, 1711, 

Battle, iv 
Batton, 226 

Bayley, 15, 154, 157, vii 
Baylis, 154 
Baylor, 84, 338, 420 
Bayne, iv 
Bay Side, 412 

Beaconsfield, 33, 34, 35, 277 
Beadles, 193, 278 
Beagle, 227 

Beale, 199, 292, 293, vii 
Bear Creek, Patapsco, 217 
Beard, 53 
Beaseman, 422 
Beasley, 194, 197, 200, 301 
Beaumont, xxxii 
Beaver, 434 

Baver Creek, 105; Dam Run 

326, 327, 421 
Beall [Bale], 93 
Beck, 207 
Beckett, iv 
Beckham, 300 
Beckwith, 311 
Beccles, 39 



Bedford Co., 105, 149, 156, 281, 

338, 341, 342, 367; 

Shire 202, 382 
Bed worth, 145 
Beech, 203, 401 
Beer, 110, iv 
Behethland, 14 
Beirne, iv 
Beirston, 202 
Beirington, 202 
Eerchelai, 201 

Bell, 33, 36, 83, 156, 190, 193, 195, 
198, 199, 200, 300, 301, 401, 403, 

Belleau, 409 
Belleville, 341 
Bellowes, 278 

"Belmont," 71, Belmont, iv 

Belt, viii, xii, xxxii 

Bendsteed, 150 

Benham, 349 

Benjamin, 429, 430 

Bennett, 239, 240, 300, 350, 351, 

352, 353, 433, 434, iv 
Bentley, 32, 145 

Berkeley, 8, 87, 140, 193, 201-203, 
226, 228, 230, 345, 359, 393, 437, 
OF Beverstone and Early Col- 
ONAL Virginia, 201 et seq 

Berkshire, 33 

Berry, 84, 135, 136, 139, 193, 208, 
310, 419, 430, 431, iv, Family, 
Note on&c, 84 

Berry's Kentish Genealogies, 38, 
Sussex Genealogies, 387 

"Berryhill", 420 

"Berry Plain," 84 

Berryville, 234, 344 

Berlin, xlvii 

Bermudas, 36, 40, 270, 306 
Berwick, 288 
Besse, 335, 356 
Beseley, 300 
Best, iv 
Bestland, 342 

Bethel, 425 
Betteshome, 202 
Betty, 338, Cove, 218 
Bevine, iv 
Beviston, 202 
Bevington, 202 
Bevill, 111 

Beville Family of Va., Ga., Fla., 
AND Several Allied Families, 
North and South. By A.B. V. 
Tedcastle. Review, 11 

Beveridge, iv, vii 

Beverley, 42, 44, 45, 135, 136, 139, 
161, 419 

Beverstone Castle, Illustration, 

Bibb, 198, 334 
Bickers, 297, 300, 402 
Bicknell, 146 
Bidborough, 267, 268, 269 
Biggleswade, 280 
Biggs, 157 
Bigwell, 99 
Billings, iii 
Bingham, 85 
Bird, 313, 394 
Birt, 196 

Birth Night Ball, 287 
Bishop, 300, 338, 401 
Bishopton, 98 
Bishops Walton, 382 
Blacker, 338, 408 

Black Lick, Wythe Co., Va., 372 

Blackerby, 403 

Blackwater, 339 

Blackburn, 63, 66 

Blackdeane, 278, 279 

Black River, 89 

Blackstock, iv 

Blackwell, 66, 184, 318, iii 

Black Walnut Neck, 210 

Blakey, 195 

Blair, 227, 300, iii,\ iv;'* Blairs,^ 23 
Bland, 26, 29, 67, 128, 185, 186. 235 
Blanton, 338 



Blankenship, 338, iii 
Blanton, 301 
Blanye, 242 

Blathwait, 26, 30, 134, 136, 159, 
160, 252, 254, 255, 257, 390, xvi 
Blayney, 2 
Blear, 191 

Bledsoe, 191, 194, 198, 199, 282, 

299, 334 
Blewett, 202 
Block House Cove, 218 
Blockley, 426 
Blow, iv 
Blows, 191 
Bloxam, 347 
Blount, 202 
Blue Ridge, 333, 335 
Blunt, 381 
Boath, 12 
Boat Wright, iv 
Board, 338 
Bobb, 398 
Boddie, iv 
Boggess, 158 

BoEHM, Rev. J. P., Life and 
Letters, Ed., by W. J. Hinke. 
Review, 336 

Bohemia River, 41 

Bohen, 198 

Bois, 409 

Bois de Belleau, 341, 406 
Boise, 355, 356 
Boisseau, iv 

Boiling, 297, 300, 307, iv, xxxii; 

Correction, 405 
Bolt, 384 

Bolton, 97, 99, 118, 437 
"Bona Nova", ship, 7 
Bonalls, 12 

Bond, 94, 95, 422, 425, 432 
Bondurant, 317 
Bonnwill, 338 

Books, 31, 133, 206; Notices, 437 
etseq; Bill for, Williams ''urg, 
1719-21, 174 

Book Re^views 

Bevill Family (&c), 111 
Boehm, Rev. J. P., Life and 

Letters, 336 
Charleston, S. C, Dwelling 

Houses of, 108 
Civil War, 1861-5, History of, 


Claiborne, William, of Va., 224 
Elliott, Prof., Eary Life of, 109 
English Ancestral Homes of 

Noted Americans, 108 
English Speaking People, Their 

Future Relations &c., 110 
Families, Early American, 111 
Household Manufactures in the 

U. S. 1640-1860, 112 
Kentucky, Pioneer, A History 

of, 333 

Manuscrpts in Library of Con- 
gress, 335 
Ommirandy (fiction), 224 
Pacific Northwest, History of, 

Pa., Chronicles of, 1688-1748, 111 
Shakespeare and the Founders 

of Liberty in America, 223 
Southern Federals, Fighting by, 


Thomas, J. W., Descendants of, 

Thomson, John, Descendants 
of, 110 

Transportation, Essays in, 110 
United States, History of, 109 
Virginia, Colonal, Its People and 
Custums, 106 

Booke, 284 

Booker, iv 

Boone, 308, xxiv, xxv 

Booth, 13, 301 

Boothby, 91, 92 

Boreman, iv 

Bosher, 68, 227, iv 

Bosley, 425, 428 



Boston, 23 , 53, 110, 111, 133, 191, 
194, 196, 199, 247, 298, 401, 402, 

Boswell, 103, 105, 205, 206, 381, 

Botetourt Co., 335, 364, 367, 368, 

Bottom, 437, 438 

Boucher, Burtcher, 2, 3 

Bouin, 62, 197 

Boursches, 409 

Bourrows, 6, 7 

Boune, 58 

Bowdoin, 156 

Bowe Co., 278 

Bo wen, 27, 424 

Bowers Hill, 342 

Bowing, 39, 40 

Bowland, 33 

Bowler, 298 

Bowles, 61 

Bowley, 60 

Bowling, 190, 300, iv 

Bowling Green, 340 

Bowrous, 412 

Boxley Abbey, 316 

Boyce, 147 , 272, 273 

Boydton, 343 

Boy kin, iv 

Boy land, 150 

Boyle, iv, xv, xxvi 

Brackenboro, Brackenbor, 279 

Bradford, 108, 333 

Bradby, 172, 174 

Bradly 19-22, 134, 164, 192, 227, 

247, 248, 252, 388 
Bradshaw, iv 
Bragg, 198 
Brain, 388 
Bransby, 246 
Brainford, 383 
Branch, 318, iv 
Brand, 37 
Bramham, 300, 301 
Brampton, 315 

Brandon, 306, 323, 354, 355. 362 
Branon, 67 
Brashlan, 320 
Braxton, 292 

Bray, 20 , 22, 183, 199 , 247 , 278, 
280, Edward, will (1656) with 
note, 280, Thomas, note on, 280 

Breadley, 297 

Breathait, 335 

Breaux, 35 

Brecknockshire, 208 

Breckenridge, 206, 334, 363 

Breeding, 298, 299 

Breedlove, 197 

Breese, 35 

Breshley, 237 

"Bremo," 21 

Brennan, 338 

Brent, 35, 37, 41, 167, 319, 385 

Brentford, 322 

Breouse, 202 

Brewer, 38, 227 

Brewster, 108 

Brickhouse, 156 

Bridewell Hospital, 269 

Bridger, 394 

Bridgers, 403 

Bridges, 289, 297, 385 

Bridgman, 34 

Bridgtown, 24 

Bridge Branch, 217 

Bridgewater, 356 

Bright, 153, 154, iv 

Brightwell, 227 

Brinton, iv 

Brington, 108 

Brisley, 276 

Bristol, 53, 91, 146, 170, 201 

230, 407 
Britt, 197 
Brittain, 209 
Brittons, 376 
Broad, 329 
Broad River, 204 



Brock, 192. 316 
Brockenbrough 280, 408 

will (1655), with notes 279, 280 
Brockman, 194-199, 299, 301, 401, 

403, vii 
Brodhead, iv 
Brodie, 153, 154 
"Brook Hill," 303 
Brooke, 61, 68, 411, iv 
Brooks, 227,338, 342, 402 
Brooking, 194, 198, 297 
Brooklya, 227, 338 
Brookneal, 343 
Bromsall, 280 
Broughton, 199 

Brown, Browne, 4, 25, 191, 192, 
194, 196, 200, 227 , 271, 282, 297, 
314, 317, 319, 333, 334, 338, 339, 
355, 363, 364, 409, 436, iv, v, vii 

Browning, vii 

Bruce, 67, 153, 169, 190, 194, 200 

227, 307, 404, 431, v, li 
Bringhill, 72 

BrunswickCounty, 400, 409 

Brussels, 202 

Bruton Church, 161, 203 

Bryan, 36, 306, 425, i, iii, v, li 

Bryant, 192, 193, 196, 227, 401, iii 

Buchanan, 175, 198, 307, 339 

Buck, 6, 7, 121, 430, 431 

Bucks Range, 423, 435 

Buckingham Co., 315, 433, 434 

Buckinghamshire, 32, 33 

Buckingham, Duke of, 39 

Bucks, 32, 36, 33, 276 , 277 , 378 

Buckner, 197,400,402 

Buckroe, 115 

Budlong, V 

Buena Vista, 347 

Buford, 183, 376 

Bugg, 274 

Bugby, 281 

Bukev. V 

Bullard, 24, 125, 126, 191, 194, v 

BuUit, 59, 187, 409, iii, v 

Bulman, 53 

Bumpas, 347 

Bimians, 74 

Bunn, 4 

Bunting, 156 

Burbage, 174, 380 

Burbank, 53 

Burbridge, 191 

Burchin, 82 

Burden, 97, 100 

Burges, v 

Burgess' Store, 346 

Burgesses, 283, House of, 364 

Burle's Creek, 209 

Bumham, 32, 36 

Burnley, 66, 195, 200, 317, 402, 403 
Bums, xlviii 
Burrass, 194, 298 
Burrell, 25, 27, 30, 124 
Burroughs 23, 300 
Burrows, 190-193 
Burrus , 195 , 200 , 299 , xxii 
Burke, 275 

Burton, 156, 192, 193, 194, 401, 402 
Burtner, 339 

Burwell, 178, 180, 270, 271, 283, 

284, 287, V 
Busch, 339 
Bush River, 94 

Bushnell, iii, vii, xi, xxiv, xxv 

Bushey Ridge, 426 

Bustard, 185 

Butler, 268. 269, 271,432 

Butt erfi eld, 237, 238 

"Buttolfe Lane," 17 

Byrd, William, First, Letters of, 
17 et seq, 124 et seq, 247 et seq, 
388 et seq, Byrd family, refer- 
ences to, 17, 18, 21, 39, 42, '43, 71, 
124, 127, 128, 131, 185, 204, 314, 
383, 388, 394, v xiv, xvi, xxx 

Bymand, 267 



Cabell, 318, 334, iii, xxiii, xlvi, li 

Cadwalader, 213 

Caffery, 193 

Cagin, 294 

Caldecoate, 380, 381 

Caldwell, 373, 374 

Caleb, 331 

Caldicott Field, 280 

Calender, 59 

California, 230, 457, viii, Un- 
iversity, 223 
Callahan, v 
Callery, v 

Calvert, 413; County, 91, 218 
Calvinge, 16 
Cam, 147 

Cambridge, 33, 275, 27o, xix, xxxiii 

Camden, 339, 376 

Cameron, v 

Camp, 63, 67, 190 

Camp Bowie, 229; Kearney, 230; 
Lee, 227, 232-234, 237, 238, 341- 
343, 345, 346, 348, 349; McClel- 
lan, 231; Meade, 347; Merritt, 
342; Sherman, 343; Stuart, 343; 
Travis, 233; Upton, 230, 342, 
348; Wadsworth, 228 

Campbell, 60, 199, 290, 295,^, 296, 
305, 339, 364, 365, 372, 374, v, 

Campbell Col. Arthur, 377 
Campeau, iii 
Cana, 344 
Canaan, 331, 432 
Canada, 10, 118 , 228 , 241 
Canadye, 244 
Candle, 339 
Candlewick Ward, 83 
Cannon, 122, v, xxxii 
Canterbury, 191, 278, xx 
Cantigny, 406 
Cape, 193 
Caperton, v 
Capper, 270 
Capps, v 

Cargill, V 
Carleton, 314 
Carlisle, 92 
Carlists, 109 
Carpenter, 38, 156, v 
Carolina, 43, 185 

Caroline Co., 62, 103, 104, 105, 178, 
180, 295, 334, 400, 408, Battalion, 

Carr, 397 

Carriages, 152 et seq; 168, 170, 179 
Carrington, 68, 156, 187, 281, 295, v 
Carrol, 196, 325, 499; County, 421, 

429, 433, 434 
Carter, 3, 69, 116, 180, 185, 227, 

283, 294, 295, 297, 298, 301, 305, 

311,339,355-358,402, V 
Carterton, 341, 
Cartwright, v 

Cary, 53, 154, 159, 167, 232, 291, 

296, 305, 324, v 
Cash, V 
Cason, 403 
Cassen, 193 
Cassicoerke, 101 

Cassicoeroke [Corsica] Creek, 96 
Castle Parishe, 387 
Catawba, 229 
Cataba, 377 
Catawbas, xv 

Catesby, 70, 75, 76, 168, 173, 288; 

family, note on, 169 
Catherine Creechurch parish, 37 
Catlett, V 
Catron, 339 
Cave, 196, 299,300,402 
Cawsey, 115, 116, 355, 358 
Cayle, 291 

Cecil Co., Md., 220, 418 
Cedar Island, 412 
Cepedge, 158 
Center Cross, 228 
Cews, 65 



Chamberlayne, Chamberlaine, 145 
-150, 178, 179, 181, 184, 271, 272- 
275, v; Bridget, epitaph (1655), 
148; Edward Pye, will (1727), 
271; Edward Pye, epitaph (1739), 
147; Elizabeth, will (162,1), 150; 
John, will (1819), 149; Richard, 
will, (1630), "^ with note, 145; 
Richard, epitaph (1654), 148; 
Walter, will (1611), 148; William, 
epitaph (1736), 146; Family, 146 
et seq, 272, 275, arms, 148 

Chambers, 122, 196, 198, 299, 322, 

Chalfont St. Giles, 32 
Chalkley, 206 
Champlin, iii 

Chandler, 191, 196, 298, 300, 339, 

402, V 
Chapham, 208 
Chaplains Choice, 356 
Chapman, 104, 205, 206, 299, 422, 


Chapoocks Creek, 246 

Charles I, 98 

Charles, ship, 13 

Charles City, 386 

Charles City Co., 46, 113, 203, 

Charles' Mistake, 424 

Charleston, 108, 341, 376; Dwell- 
ing Houses of, review, 108 

Charles Town, 376, xxiii 

Charlotte, 378 

Charlotte Co., Carriages in, 

1776, 156 
Charlottesville, 348, 349, 406 
Charter House, 388 
Chase City, 341, 342 
Chatham, 342, Hill, 345 
Chauney, 387, v 

Chelsea, 163, 166, 167, 171, xxvii 
Cherokees, 311, 312, 365, 376, xv; 
Town, 204 

Cheshire, 278, 279 
Chester, 96, 101 

Chester River, 95, 96, 100, 101 
Chester-le-Street, 100 
Chesters, 33 

Chesterfield Co., 59, 207. 346. 361 
"Chestnut Goove, ' ' 434 
Chew, 199 
Cheyney, 149, 150 
Chicacone, 87 

Chicago, 112, 229, xxxii; University 

Chichominy River, 8, 271 

Chichley, 33, 43, 137, 138, 394 

Childe, 382 

Childers, iii 

Childress, 339 

Chiles, 194, 291, 292 

Chillington, 148 

Chilton, 184, v 

China & glass, 176, 406 

Chisholm, 112, 192, 298 

Chiswell, 71 

Choise, 356 

Cholsbury, 32 

Choptank River, 212, 218 

Chota, 204, 311 

Chotank, 334; Creek, 418, 419 

Chowan, 61 

Chowning, 297, v 

Christ, 8 

Christ Church, 227, 279; Hospital, 

Christian, 66, 149, 156, 269, 292, 

339, 364, 365, 367, v, li 
Christy, 196 

Churches, 4, 5, 261; in Va., be- 
quest for, 270 

Church View, 339 

Cincinnati, 333, xxxii, xxxvii, 

Civil War, 1861-65, History of, 
By J. F. Rhodes, Review, 109 



Claiborne, 4, 6. 11, 64, 84, 85, 114, 
117, 118, 122, 224, 236, 239, 243- 
246, 351-361, v; William, patent 
to, for making Indians useful, 
11; William of Virginia, review, 

Clair, 232 

Clapp, 339 

Clapham, 295 

Clarendon, 343 

Clarke, Clark, 32, 39, 146, 147, 
209, 223, 267, 269, 270, 278, 300, 
301, 307, 308, 335, 339, 368, 371, 
402, V 

Clarkson, 298, 336 

Clamey, 404 

Clausel, 154 

Clausen, 228 

Clay, 334 

Clayton, 52, 62, 158, 207, 227, 402 
Cleary, 339 
Cleerc, 382 
Clement, iii, v 
Clements, 339, iii, xxix 
Clemmer, 340 
Clephas Creek, 209 
Cleveland, 192, xxxiii 
Cleydon, 322 

Clifton, 319 et seq; Forge, 349; 

Park, 326 
Clinch, 368 
Clintch, 372 
Clinton, 376, 377, xvi 
Clopper's Creek, 209 
Close, 120 
Clothes, 289 

Clothing, womens, 177, 178 
Clouse, 414, 415 
Clover, 340 
Cloyd, 375 
Clutton, 67 
Clyumalyra, 420 
Clyde, V 
Clyvedon, 201 
Coale, 329 

Coats, 35, 196, 300 

Coats of Arms: Chamberlayne, 
148; Jones, 168; Pye, 147, 148; 
Waller, 176 

Cobb, V 

Cobbs, 317 

Cockayn, 281 

Cockbum, 291, 292 

Cocke, 21, 60, 70-74, 153, 155, 168, 
169, 177, 207, 254, 284, 318, 388, 
409, 410; Catesby, Letters 
FROM, 1724-26; Catesby, note on, 

Cockeysville, 328, 436 
Cockrane, 191 
Cofer, 197 

Coffee House, Va., London, 82 
Coffin, V 

Cogsewell, 198, 403 
Cohen, 228 

Coke, 65, 112, 315, 316, 322, v, vii 
Coker, 275 
Cokeyne, 282 
Colclough, 88 
Cold Comfort, 217 
Cole, 145, 218, 219 , 221, 222, 253, 
254, 255 , 325-330 , 394, 427-430 
Cole's Harbor, 218, 219, 220, 325 
Coles, 146, 183, v 
Coleshill, 33 

Coleman, 195, 199, 340, 401, 402, v 
Colgate, 325; Creek, 209 
Collier, 149, 154 
Collingridge, 82 

Collins, 190, 192, 193, 195, 197, 301, 

34Q, 374, 401, 403 
Colston, 158, V 
Colt, 40 

Columbia University, 110, xxxiii 
Colimibus, 83 
Comer's Rock, 348 
Commission: Lord Culpeper as 

Governor, 1682, 139 et seq; 

260 et seq 
Compton, 93 



Concord, 347 
Conn., 339 

Congress, Letter from Virginia 

Delegates, 1781, 151 
Conner, 193, 197, 198, 297, 301, 340 
Connor, 192 
Conway, 202, 301 

Cook, Cooke, 95, 101, 198, 269, 270, 

273, 281, 282, 301, iii 
Coolidge, V, vi 
Cooper, 154, 200, 207 
Coote, 384 
Cootes, 411 
Coothill, 384 
Cope, 60, 196, 381 
Copley, 281 
Copoiccoi, 340 
Corbell, 87 
Corbett, v 

Corbin, 27, 160, 305, iii, v 
Corby, 286 
Corcoran, 305 
Cord, 191 
Corke, 114 
Corker, 355 
Corley, 145 
Comcarrow, 384 
Comelins, 299 
Comet, 348 
Comhill, 82, 83 
Comwallis, 372 
Comwell, 388 

Corotoman, 209; River, 208 
Corper, 294 

Corpus Cristi College, 276 
Corsica, 101; Creek, 95, 100 
Corthance, 229 
Corwin, 437 
Cosby, 103, 104, 290 
Cossens, 382 
Cotterell, 333, 335 
Cottington, 268 
Coudert, vii 

Council of Va., 141 et seq 394 et 
seq; Order in regard to, 1, 2 

Council and General Court 
Minutes, 1623-29, 1 et seq; 
113 et seq; 235 et seq; 350 et seq 

Coursey, 194 

Court, Appelate, Assembly as, 138 

Courts, 260 

Court Road, 421 

Cotirtlandt, 310 

Courtney, v 

Coventry, 29, 62, 386 

Covington, 344 

Cowgill, 198, 301 

Cowherd, 195, 200, 403 

Cowles, 290 

Cowley, 210 

Cowper, 63, 293, 296, 315 

Cox, 377 

Cox, 24, 125, 126, 196, 297, 298, 
300, 340, 372, 374, 409, 411, iii, v 
Coxendale, 202, 203 
Coyle, 373 
Cozzens, v 
Craddock, 349, 410 
Crage, 85 

Craig, 197, iii, v; County, 341 
Craine, 158 
Cram, v 

Cranberry Farm, 92 
Crawford, 190, 301, 317 
Craycroft, 418 
Credlove, 416 
Creechurche parish, 36 
Creeks, 105 
Crenshaw, 319, 410, v 
Crew, 299 
Crewe, 233 
Cribs, 39 

Cridlin, V, xvii, xxvii 
Cripplegate, 275 
Cripps, 119, 361 
Crispe, 270 

Crittenden, 334, 335, v 
Croasdaile, v 
Crocker, v 



Crockett, 340, 371, 372, 375, 377, 
378, v; Walter, letter to Wm 
Preston, 1779, 371, Walter and 
family, note on, 371 

Crofts, 398 

Croggs, 435 

Cromwell, 35, 322, 325 

Croone, 273 

Croper, 67 

Crosthwait, 301 

Crouse, 228 

Crowder, 246 

Crowdicke, 114, 115 

Crowherst, 387 

Crump, V 

Crutchfield, 178, 179, 286 
Cub Creek, 378 
Cudding, 192, 193 
Cudridge, 382 
Cullamore, 39 

Culleton, 32, 145, 267, 321, 323, v, 

xvii, xviii, xxix, xxi 
Cullins, 403 

Culpeper, 41, 42-47, 63-65, 69, 70, 
135, 138, 140-144, 182-186, 190, 
196, 233, 256, 260, 264, 265, 292, 
306, 334, 393, 398, 406, 407, 418, 
xiv, xxiii. Lord, Commission & 
Instructions, 1682, 139 et seq, 
393 et seq, account of proceed- 
ings, 42 

Culver, 309 

Cumberland Co., 317, 335 
Cimningham, 111 
Curie, 55, 56, 154 
Curran, 340 
Currie, 228 
Currituck Inlet, 413 
Curtis, 394 
Cushingberry, 193 
Custis, 160, 258, 259, 394 
Cuthrie, 61 
Cutting, 340 
Cyclops, (ship), 226-234 

Dabney, 58, 105, 186, 192, 206, 

294, 299, V 
Dade, 196, 301, 320, 419, 420 
Daingerfield, v 
Dale, 150, 307 
Dallam, 89-92 
Dalton, 150 
Dance, v 

Dandridge, 85, 306-308, v, xxiii 
Daniel, 191-199, 207, 228, 307, 401 
Danville, 226, 227, 231, 338, 339, 

408, 409, Ky., 418 
Darbon, 99, 156 
Darbyshire, 54 
Darkes, 119, 120 
Darley Hall, 326, 327 
Darling, v 
Darnell, 191, 403 
Damy, 36 
Dashiell, 410 
Davenport, 289, v 
Davie, 281 

Davis, 22, 60, 158, 190-199, 298, 
300, 307, 319, 340, 388, 401, 421, 


Davison, 236 

Dawkins, 170 

Dawson, 192,289,299,404 

Day, 340 

Dayton, 345 

De Butts, 417 

De Cannon, 59 

De Jamette, 135, 260, 393, xiv 
De La Naye, 267 
de la Ware, 202 

Deane, 67, 184, 187 , 2p0, 298, 299 
Dear, 191, 192, 194, 195, 199 
Deats, iii 
Dedsham, 381 
Dedman, 401 

Deering, 197, 199, 270, 299, 401, 411 

Defford, 319 
Deggs, 153 

Delaney, 190, 196, 199 
Delaware, 90, 316, Lord, 381 




Delke, 117 
Dellamaior, 117 
Delph Island, 93 
Dells, 32 
Denford, 148 
Denham, v 
Denmark, xxvi 
Dennis, v 
Denny, 186 
Denson, v 
Denton, 95-102, 321 
Deptford, ship, 126 
Derrickson, 228, 406 
Derey, 198 
Desha, 335 
Devon, 94 

Dewchurch, 146, 147, 275 

Dewchurch, (parish), 272 

Diana, (ship), 8 

Dickenson, 200, 210 

Dickerson, 209, 212, 213, 217, 292 

Dickey, v 

Dickinson, 157, 214, 330, 331, 366 
"Digby," 314, 419, 420 
Digges, 158, 370 
Dilke, 117 
Dimmitt, 430 

Dinwiddie, 204, 305, 312, Co., 

317, 348, Papers, 364, 365 
Director, ship, 53 
Disinal Swamp, 420 
Dison, 270 

District of Columbia, 70 
Divers, 397 
Dividing Creek, 218 
Dixon, 62, 154, 156, 191, 244, 334, 

Dobbins, 34, 340 
Dobson, 53 
Dobbs, 204 
Dodd, 297, 301 
Dodge, 228 
Doe Island, 412 
Doggett, 410 
Dogherty, 187 

Dogwood Spring, 208 
Dohony, 301, 403 
Dolbey, 111 
Dollins, 298, 299 
Dolly, 377 
Dolphin, 349 
Donald, 168, 290 
Donington, 277 
Donovan, 299, 424 
Doodes, 40 
Dooley, iii 
Dooling, 300 
Doolittle, V 
Doran, v 

Dorchester, Co., 210, 214 
Doremus, v 
Doswell, 191 
Doty, 374 

Douglass, 191, 196, 318, 362 
Dover, 163 
Dovermore, 170 
Dowby, 228 
Downey, 193 
Downing, 156, v 
Downman, 384 

Dowse, Thomas, note on, 113, 114, 

Drake, 341 
Drake's Branch, 348 
Dranting, 226 
Draper, 363, 399 

Drapers Meadows, 364, Collection, 

366, 375 
Drasley, 402 

Drayton, Leicestershire, Eng., 380 

Drinkard, 399 
Drinking, 360 
Drumclog, xliv 
Drunkeness, 117 
Dublin, 53 
Duboy, 24, 125, 126 
Dudley, 131, 150, 186,^202 
Duke, 228, v 



Dulwich, 271 
Dumbarton, 347 
Dunbar, 294 
Duncombe, 33, 190 
"Dungeness," 312, 321 
Dunkirk, 315 

Dunmore, 366;War, 365, 367; Lord, 
Letter to Charles Lewis, 1774, 

Dunn, 188, 191, 228, v 
Dunthome, 245 
Dunton, 156 
Dupont, V 

Durham, Eng., 95-101, 321, 322, 

324, 409 
Durrant, 268 
Durrett, 300, 401 
Dutch, xxvi. Gap, 361 
Duty, ship, 122 
Duval, 199, 290, 292, v 
D welly, 71, vii 
Dwight, V 
Dyke, 268 

Dymock, 147 , 272, 273 , 275 , 385 
Dynton, 277 

Eagle gaily, ship, 53 
Eagon, V 
Ealdnoth, 201 
Early, 196, 200, 411 
Earnest, iii 
Easley, v 
East, V 
Eastcheap, 82 
Eastin, 198, 298 
Easting, 190 
Easton, 110 

East Falls Church, 348; Hump- 
hreys, 430; India, 269; Somerton, 

Eastern Shore. 120, 160, 413 
Eaton, 32, 281, v 
Eatonbridge, 38 
Eaves, 300 
Eck, 39 

Eckenrode, v 
Edgehill, 322 
Edmonds, 63, 314 
Edmonson, 191 
Edmondson, 215 
Edmunds, 184, 276 
Edmimdson, 296 

Education, 119, 128, 129, 133, 174, 

175, 206, 405 
Edward the Cdnfessor, 201 
Edward, III, 202 

Edwards, 26, 29, 39, 118, 158, 270, 

271, 299, 333 
Effingham, Lord, 17-22 , 28-30, 

128, 251-255, 390 
EfTord, 37 
Egertoii, 125, 126 
Eggleston, 187 , 232 
Ehart, 401, 403 
Elder, 436 
Elene, xlvii 
Eliakim, 23 

Elizabeth City, V, 10, 12, 13, 113, 
153, 155, 254, 2<yl, 359; Wheel 
Carriages in, 1775-6, 153 et seq 

Elizabeth, (queen), 321 

Elizabeth, (ship), 10 

Elk Creek, 374, River, 220 

Elkton, 227, 232, 269 
I Ellerson, 323 

Elligood, xxvi 

Ellis, 201, 341, 411, V 

Ellison, 346 

Elliott, 9, 109, Professor, Early 

Life of, review, 109 
Ellyson, 410, v 



Elmore, 341 
Elson, 109 
Eltham, 322 
Elwood, 8, 9 
Embre, 198 
Embrey, vi 
Emmerson, 245 
Empie, vi 

English, 241, 244, vii 

English Ancestral Homes of 

Noted Americans. By A. H. 

Wharton, Review, 108, Speak- 
ing People, Their Future 

Relations, review, 110 
England, Expenses of Mrs 

Jones in, 1728, 163 et seq 
Ensor, 222, 326-329, 421, 423 , 424, 

428, Choice, 327, 435, 4436, 

Inspection, 424 

Chamberlayne, Bridget ( 1655), 
148 II 

Chamberlayne, Edward Pye 
(1739), 147 

Chamberlayne, Richard (1654), 

Chamberlayne, William( 1736), 

Pye, Edward (1692), 147 
Epperson, 319 
Eppes, 59, 120, 121, 354 
Erie, 307 
Ermiston, 34 
Eskridge, 306, vi 

Essex Co., 35, 36, 169, 228, 268, 

287, 306, 342, xvi 
Este, 125 
Estin, 196 

Estis, Estes, 191, 193, 194, 300 
Etaples, 311 
Etheridge, 409 

Eton, 9, 115, 178, xxvii, xxviii xxix 
Ettricks, 346 
Eustice, 152, 153, vi 

Evans, 341, 386, 407, 408 
Eve, 199 
Everard, 155, xii 
Everton, 287 
Evington, 35, 340 
Evins, 403, 425 
Ewell, 437 
Exeter, 346 
Exmouth, 94 
Expedition, ship, 53 
Eyre, 156 

Fairfax, 305, 308, 319, 322, County, 

71, 319, 333, 419 
Fairs, 263 
Faison, vi 

Falconer, 172, 301, 403 
Fall, 16 

Falls Church 345, 347, 409, Road, 

Falmomth, 344 

Families, Early American. By 
W. A. Williams. Review, 111 
Fanshawe, 268, 269, 271 
Fare, 127 

Farley, 4, 115, 149 , 246, Thomas, 

note on, 4 
Faringdon, 383 
Fauver, 341 
Farmer, 341 
Famefold, 33 
Fameyho, 194 
Farrar, 37, 223, 236, 318, vi 
Faulconer, 299, 401, 404 
Faulkner, vi 
Faunt, 381 

Fauntleroy, 158, 228, 229 
Fauquier Co., 334, 335 
Feamey, 192, 193 

Feild, Field, 22, 63, 146, 184, 292, 

341, vi 
Feldhouser, 320, vi 
Ffelgate, 13 
Fellongley, 145 
Fells point, 430, 431 



Fellow, 438 
Fennel, 192, 194 
Fentress, 233, 413 
Fen wick, 409 
Fergerson, 229, 297, 398 
Fem, 191 

Ferrar, 114, 118, 120, 122, 235, 239, 

354, 360, 361 
Ferrell, vi 
Ferry, 89 
Fife, vi 

Filsome, 5, 387 

Filson Club, 333 

Fincastle Cotinty, 364, 371, 375 

Finnie, 62, 64, 66 

Finley, 95 

Finnell, 192, 197, 300, 301, 403 
Finney, 403 

Fisher, 117, 156, 279, 341, 418 

Fishbrooke, 202 

Fishmonger's Hall, 278 

Fitch, 120 

Fitz Jeffreys, 382 

Fitzgerald, 62, 200, 397, 398 
Fitzhugh, 197, 202, 282, 295, 301, 

305, 419, vi 
Fitzion, 165 
Fitzwilliam, 165 
Fitzwilson, 341 
Flanders, 314 
Flatgates, 39 
Fleek, 401 ^' 
Fleet, 309 
Fleet wook, 282 
Fleming, 316, 341, 367 
Fletcher, 341, vi 
Fleetwood, 281 

Florida, 111, 227, 233, 308, 314, 349 
Fluvanna River, 317, County, 407 
Flowers, 173 

Flowerdewe, 83, Hundred, xxxvii 
Floyd, 156, 365, 370, xxxvii. 

County, 338 
Folden, 341 
Fonda, 111 

Fontaine, 64, 183, 187, 480, xxxii 

Foote, 419 

Ford, 191, 198, 301 

Fore, 341 

Forge, 1626, 3 

Forest, Forrest, 206, 207, 307, 326 
Forts, 42, 56, 262 

Fort Calhoun, xi, Chiswell, 375, 
Diinmore, 366; Garrison, 95; 
Loudoun, 311, 312; Morgan, 229; 
Mc Henry, 217, 220: Monroe, 
227, xi; Ontario, 338; Prince 
George, 312; West Haven, 339 

Fort Loudoun on River Tennes- 
see, The Question, of, 203, 
204, 311 

Fortescue, 270 

Fortson, 299 

Fortune, ship, 53 

Fossaker, 419 

Foster, 84, 185, 191, 192, 193, 198, 
292, 297, 359, 399, 401, 403, 404 
Fotherbie, 269 
Fotherbury, 270 
Fountain, 291, vi 
Foushee, 300 
Fowler, 4, 414 
Fowlkes, 341 

France, 33, 36, 140, 231, 311, 364, 

407, viii, xxiv, xxxiv 
Frances, vi 

Francis Bonaventure, (ship), 2 
Francisco, 307 

Franklin, 108, 198 , 298, 307 , 340, 

iii; County, 232 
Frankly, 299 
Frazier, 64 

Frederick County, 290, 430 
Fredericksburg, 205, 291, 344, 

408, 411 
Freeman, 229, 274, vi 
French, 37, 53, 110, 229, vi 
French and Indian War, 407, 409 
Fries, 339 

Front Royal, 342 



Fry, 306 
Fryers, 383 
Fulckes, 384 
Fuller, 203, 341, 406 
Fulton, 83 
Fulwell, 157 
Furlow, vi 
Furnace, 190 
Fumiss, 196 
Fumitine, 176 

Furs & skins, 30, 124, 132, 388 
Gaer, 299 
Gain, 217 

Gaines, 32, 191-199, 401, 404, vi 

Gainye, 241, 244, 245 

Gallibrand, 53 

Gallow, 277 

Galloway, 424, 436 

Gaily, 53 

Gamber, 434 

Gamon, 386 

Gamons, 272 

Ganlers, 26 

Garde, 404 

Garden Seeds, 173 

Gardner, 64, 190, 430, 433 

Garland, 186, 188, 341, vi 

Garman, 229 

Gamer, v 

Gamett, 193, 195 

Garrard, 33, 335 

Garrell, 297 

Garret, 26, 104, 205, 330 
Garretson, 175 
Garton, 190 
Gary, iii 
Gascoin, 157 
Gaskine, 158 
Gaston, 198 
Gate City, 342 

Gates, 229, 354, 355, 359, 360 
Gault, 157 
Gayden, 196 
Gayley, 223 
Gwathmey, 85 

Geares, 278 
Geddy, 399 
Genny, 36 

George, 220, 300, 401 
George, ship), 2, 245 
Georgia, 105, 111, xii, xxxii 
Gerard, 306 
Germans, 336 
Germantown, 420 
Gerrell, 302 
Gettysburg, 308 
Geyer, 229 
Gibbs, 157, 195, iii 
Gibbon, 306 
Gibbons, 62, 185 

Gibson, 89-92, 95,' 208, 218, 296, 
341, vi; Family of Md., 92 etseq; 
Marsh, 93; Park, 93, 94, ; Ridge, 

Gifford, 35, 148, 207 
Gilbert, 194, vi 
Giles, 27, 68, 307, vi, li 
Gill, 381, 421, 425, 426 
Gillinge, 281 
Gillingham, 39 

Gillock, 194, 197, 297, 403, 404 

Gilmore, 291 

Girard, 438 

Girty, 399 

Gismond, 272 

Gittings, 30, 425, 426 

Gladehill, 338 

Glamorgan, 349 

Glasgow, 168, 339, vii 

Glassell, 193 

Glengean, 343 

Glenn, 408, 429 

Gloucester, 98, 147, 202, 254, 398, 
400, xxvi; City, 21; Shire, 147, 
202, 386; County, Va.,\70, 95, 
98, 103, 272, 339 

Glover, 316, vi 

Clyde, 279 

Goan, 197 



Goare, 40 
Gobert, 145 
Goddard, vi 
Godfrey, 40 
Go4win, 156 
Goforth, 297 
Gofton, 270 , 271 
Golding, 199 

Goldsmith, 90-94; Rest, 93 
Gomond, 272 
Gooch, 40 

Goochland, Co., 317, 321, 334, 335 
Goodale, 196 
Good, vi 

Goodall, 198, 247, 301, 401 
Goodchild, 215 

Goode, 61, 67, 184, 280, 291, 293 

318, 346 
Goodman, 36, 238 
Goodrage, 298 

Goodrich, Goodridge, 192, 404 
Goodwin, 422, 434, vi; Run, 426 
Goore, 401 

Gordon, 198, 199, 224, 342, i, vi, li 
Gorges, 274 


98 et seq, 207 et seq, 325 et seq, 

421 et seq 
Goose Hill, 117 
Goosely, 291 
Gossidge, 219 
Gosnold, 34, 35 
Gostellowe, 39 
Gould, 277 
Grace, 191, 301, 401 
Grady, 297, 301, 403, 404 
Graham, 158, 231 
Grainger, 209 
Grandy, iii 
Grant, 197, 325 
Grasty, 299 
Gratz, iii 
Grauchet, 425 
Grave, 35 

Graves, 207 , 290, 297, 208, 3W 

360, 403, 404 
Gray, 12, 13, 64, 229, 238, 292, 

317, vi 
Gray's Inn, 323, 420 
Grayson, 53, 291 

Green, Greene, 62, 64, 276, »«, 

342, 365, 368, 379, 386, iii, xxix 
Greer, 59, 208 
Greenlee, 338 
Greenlaw, 321 
Green well, 322 
Greenwich, 322 
Greenwood, 226, 266 
"Greenfield," 364,387 
Greenhill, 419 
Greenup, 335 

Gregory, 188, 348, vi; Bible 

84 et seq 
Gregory es, 34 
Gresham, 195; College, 94 
Gressenhall, 276 
Georgia, 376 
Grevill, 148 
Grey, 380 
Gridiron, 316 
Griffey, 298, 376, 401 
Griffin, 32 

Griffith, 19, 219, 301, 385, 422, 438 

Grigsby, 320 

Grindon, 243 

Grinnan, i, vi, xxvii, li 

Grinnels, 299 

Grismont, 273 

Grobham, 33 

Groombridge, 33 

Groome, vi 

Grubb, 342 

Grundy, 95 

Grunt er, 192 

Grymes, 196, 302, 306, 362 
Guilford Court House, 365 

Gulley, 195 
Gunner, 159 
Gunnerton, 324 

Gunpowder, 328, 330, 425; Falls, 

95; River, 426, 427 
Gunter, 147 
Guntons, 40 
Guthrie, vi 
Guy, 156, 273, 274, 275 
Guyer, 342 

Gwin, Gwyn, 208, 217; Palls, 326 
Gyde, 170 

Hackny, 130, 133 
Haddon, 53 
Hadlower, 267 
Hagan, vi 
Hairston, vi 
Haislip, 342 
Hake, 229 
Hakluyt, xix 
Hales, 145 
Halifax Co., 339 

Hall, 22, 91, 94, 157, 273, 279, 342, 

Hallsboro, 342 
Halliwell, 37 
Halmer, 150 
Halstead, 268 
Ham, 190, 197, 301 
Hambleton, 299, 401 
Hamilton, 58, 297, 433, vi 
Hamlet, xlvi 
Hammond, 220, 342 
Hamor, 3, 122, 243, 361 
Hampden, 33, 35; Sidney College, 
' xxxvii 

Hampshire, 382 

Hampton, 64, 65, 185, 187, 230, 293_ 
294, 296, 397, 398, xxiii, xxvi; 
Gardens, 345, 407; River, 113; 
Roads, 339, 343, 344 

Hancock, 192, 365 

Handborough, 383 

Hane, 39, 40 

Haney, 197 j 
Hanford, or Hansford, 184, W 

Hankins, vii 
Hanna, iii 
Hannibal, xxxvii 

Hanover Co., 168, 232, 283, 280, 

291, 317 , 334, 365, xii 
Hanson, 86, 330, 430, 431 
Hansucker, 342 
Hardee, 317 
Harecourt, 148 
Harely, 387 

Hardesty's Chance, 430 
Hardin, 333, 334 
Harding, 174, 175, 201, 271 
Hardy, vi 
Hardyman, 59 

Harford Co., 89, 92, 328; Road, 

Hargrave, 323, 324 
Harle'y, 315 
Harleian, 146 
Harlow, 342 
Harmanson, 156, 157 
Harpel, vi 

Harpur, Harper, 20, 258, 259, 342, 

385, 389, 420 
Harrington, vi 

Harris, 13, 40, 53, 60, 64, 114, 181, 
187, 191, 208, 268, 269, 271, 317, 
318, 320, 325, 342, 361, 362, 383, 
420, vi 

Harrison, 40, 62, 112, 156, 213, 214, 
312, 354, 407, iii, vi, vii, xvii 
Harry man, 436 
Harrod, 297 
Harrow, xii 

Hart, 53, 63, 92, 237, 282, 365, iii 
Hartsook, 229 

Harvey, 40, 153, 192, 196, 229, 299, 
315, 326, 331, 342; Sir John; 
Letter to Kemp, 1635, 315 

Harvie, 118, 193, 194, 301, 318 



Harwood, 61, 300, 301 
Hassarde, 7, 8 
Hastewood, 270 
Haughton, 96, 97 
Haughton le Skeme, 99 
Havana, 314 
Haverford, 90 
Hawes, vi 
Hawk, 306 
Hawker, 289 

Hawkins, 37, 195, 196, 219, 297, 
300, 390, 401, 417, 420, 422 
Hawley, James, will, 1624, with 

note, 383 
Hawthorne, 382 
Hay, 397 
Haynie, 87, 88 
Haynes, 158 
Hays, 195 
Hay ward, 271 
Hazard, 7 

Head, 192, 193, 197 , 200 , 298, 299, 

Heak, 404 
Hearen 197 
Hearst, iii 

Heath, 37, 156, 217, 270, vi 
Heathfield, 81, xviii, xix, xx 
Heatt, 199 
Heatwole, vi 
Hedingham, 169 
Heghes, 300 
Heitman, 371 
Helm, 197, 421 
Helmsley, 279 
Hemp & flax, 44, 46 
Hempel, 230 
Hempstone, vi 
Hemyingford, 281 
Herbert, 230, 343, vi 
Hercules, 12 
Herd, 208 

Hereford, 146, 272, 273, 385, Shire, 
146, 271, 272 

Hemdon, 195, 200, 302, 348, 403, 

421, vi 
Herrin, 297 

Herring, 197, 230; Run, 328 
Herrington, 342 

Henderson, 196, 342, 375, 376 
Hendricks, 398 

Hening, Hennfiig, 103, 138, 182, 

311, 434 
Henke, viii 
Henley, 381 

Henrico Co., 21, 111, 202, 203, 229, 

254, 407, 347 
Henricus, 113 

Henry, 3, 59, 69, 104, 230, 290, 301, 
307, 402, xxiii, xxxvii; Henry I, 
201; Henry II, 201; Henry VI, 
202; Coimty, 408 

Henshaw, 195, 198, 301 

Henseley, 198, 298 

Henson, 318 

Hemesse, 201 

Hertfordshire, 208, 211, 216 

Hessian, 420 

Heth, 307 

Hetherton, 429 

Heyer, vi 

Hiatt, 193, 197 

Hibbett, vi 

Hickman, 318 

Hickmate, 4 

Hicks, 322, 428, 429 

Higgason, 207 

Higgins, vi 

Higginson, 150 

Highlander, 402 

Hiley, 154 

Hill, 2, 13, 42, 44, 45, 135, 136, 178, 
194, 246, 274, 275, 286, 297, 320, 

Hillen Road, 326 
Hilman, 404 
Hilton, 101 
Hine, vi 



Hinke, 336, iii 
Hinshaw, 150 

Historical and Genealogical, 
Notes and Queries, 81 et seq; 
20$ et seq, 309 et seq, 405 et seq 

Hitchcock, 8, 9 

Hite, 196, 295 

Hixon, 321 

Hoane, 208, 216 

Hobbs, 194 

Hobson, 99, iii 

Hobum, 343 

Hockaday, 342 

Hogben, 31, 124, 125 

Hodge, 126, 343 

Hodges, 125 

Hodgeson, 24 

Hoes, iii 

Hoffman, 230 

Hog Island, 2, 8, 203, 359 

Hogarth, xiii 

Hoge, 307 

Hoggard, 207 

Holbome, 36 

Holdcraft, 179 

Holland, 87, 151, 274, 316, 336, 

343, 428 
HoUaday, vi 

Holliday, 193, 292, 295, 398, 403 
Hollier, 154, 296 
Hollington, 386 
Holloway, 70, 168, 289, 384 
Hollywell, 383 

Holston, 386, 371; County, 204 

Holmes, vi 

Holmeside, 280 

Holt, 32, vi 

Homestead, 424 

Hone Church, 271 

Hooe, 71, 73, 355, 417 

Hooker, 223 

Hoomes, 193 

Hooper, 386, 424 

Hop, 204, 312 

Hope, 243 

Hopkins, 274, 318 
Hopewell, 218, 227, 344 
Hord, vi 
Horsey, 39, 431 
Horsley, vi 

Horsmanden, 19, 127, 128, 133. 271, 

391, 392 
Horwood, 4, 115 
Homes, 402, 404 
Hoskins, 273 
Hotchkiss, 224, iii 
Hotten, 38 
Housel, 343 

Houses palisadoed, 240 

Household Manufactures in the 
United States, 1640-1860. By 
R. M. Tryon, Review', 112 

Houston, vi 

Houth, 81 

How, 123 

Howard, 251, 299, 364, 401, ri 
Howell, 273-275, ii; Neck, 209; 

Point, 209 
Howerton, 230, 340 
Howton Conquest, 382 
Hubard, Hubbard, 67, 156, 398, 

399, 400, 401 
Hudibras, 282 
Hudgins, 230 
Hudson, 374, 401 
Hudleston, 246 
Huffville, 340 
Hughes, 67, 192, 400, ii, vi 
Hughlet, 64 
Hull, 14, 15, 343 
Hume, 97, vi 
Humphrey, 112, 230 
Humphreys, 191 
Hundley, 299, 403 
Hunsdon, 150 

Hunt, 156-157, 282, 298, 343, 383, 
vi, xviii, xix, xxi, xxix; Rev. 
Robert, facsiniles of signature, 
81; Rev. Robert, note on, 81 



Hunter, 62, 154, 207, 306, 307, vi, 

Hunton, vi 

Huntington, Huntingdon, 217, 281, 

Hunting Creek, 218 
Hurst, 427 
Hussy, 149, 150 
Hutchins, vi 
Hutchison, 23, vi 

Hutchinson, 5 , 237 , 238, 258, 321, 

404, vi 
Hyde, iii, vi 
Hyland, 399 
"Hylton," 417-420 

Ingram, 373 

Ingrey, 276 

Illinois, 112, 341, xxxii 

Illinois University of, 437 


Beverstone Castle, 200 a 
Indiana, 309 

Indians, 11, 26, 28, 41, 53, 120, 124, 

128, 129 
Indians, 360 

Indians, 366, 368, 376, 377 
Industry, ship, 53 
Ingle, 343 
Inman, 343 
Innes, 230, 307 
Iowa, 312 

Isle of Wight Co., 119 , 210 , 254, 

384, 397 
Isham, 312, 336 
Italian, 119 

Ireland, 110, 113, 140, 363 

Ireton, 381 

Iron works, 3 

Italy, 314 

Ivor, 277 

Ivis, 294 

Jacob, 157 
Jacobs, 157 

Jackson, 5, 9, 294, 307, 360, 438, vi 

Jamaica, 53, 82, 410, 426 

James, 122, 149, 150, 190, 192, 195, 

306, 343, 418, v, vi, vii, viii, xv; 

City 2-4, 8, 13, 115-120, 122, 159, 

236, 239 , 241-245 , 254, 354, 356, 
358, 360, 361, 382, xxiii; Island, 
5, 6, 117, 241; River, 4, 8, 13, 18, 
22, 23 , 25, 53, 56, 124, 159, 172, 
247 , 258, 314, 317 , 381, xii; 
Town, 2, 27, 30, 81, 106, 118, 

237, 245, 308, 315, 316, 360, xviii, 
xxi, Co., 237 

James, ship, 53 
Jameson, 65, 301, vi 
Jamison, 156 
Jan, 392 

Jane & Betty, ship, 53 
Jarman, vi 
Jarrell, 196, 402 
Jarvis, 126, 230 

Jefferson, 2, 306, 318, 319, 321, 324, 
374, 375, 411, xi, xxiii, Co., Ky., 
420, Co., Ohio, 433 

Jeffress, 343, vi 

Jeffreys, 42, 44 " 

Jekyll, 169 

Jenifer, 254 

Jenisonne, 99 

Jenkins, 131, 154, 266, vi 

Jennett, 38 

Jennings, Jenings, 156, 190, 199, 

235, 236, 343, 388, 390 
Jenny (boat) 54 
Jeovey, 411, xi 
Jessop, 430, 431 

Jesuit, a letter from a, 1675, 313 
Jetersville, 347 
Jett, 343 



Jewett, vi 
John (ship), 37 

Johns-Hopkins, Unversity, 109 

Johnson, 22, 24, 65, 85, 89-92, 98, 
103-105, 107, 109, 125, 157, 183, 
186, 190, 195, 199, 205-207, 270- 
272, 300. 330, 333-335, 343 , 397, 
398, 403, 404, 429, 437, ii; 
Johnson, of King and Queen, 
Louisa &c., 103 et seq, 205 et 
seq; of Baltimore Co., Md., 
89 et seq; Richard, note on, 22 

Johnston, 62, 230, 307, 311, 377, 
384, xxxii, xli, xlii, George 
Ben., In Memoriam, xxxiv et seq 

Jollett, 300 

Jones, 5, 13 , 29, 53, 66, 70, 73-80, 
92-94,114,154,158, 162-181, 184, 
191, 193, 194, 197, 198, 200, 209, 
220, 221, 230, 237, 238, 283-289, 
298, 299 , 307 , 325, 326, 330-332, 
343, vi, xii 

Jones Papers, 70 et seq, 162 et 
seq, 283 et seq; Thomas, letters 
TO Mrs Pratt, 1725, 76 et seq. 
Letters to Mrs Jones, 1725-36, 
162 et seq; Falls, 421; Neck, 
361; Jonesville, 343 

Joplin, 318 

Jordan, 230, 434, vii 

Jomey, 362 

Joseph, 199 

Josiaflant, 270 

Jouett, 66, 187 

Jourden, 114 

Joyner, 117 

Judah, iii 

Jun, 153 

Junius, 391 

JunkiQ, vi 

Justice, 111 

Justin, 175 

Kable, vi 
Kady, 114 

Kahn, viii 
Kamp, 199 
Kanhawa, 366 
Kansas, 87 
Karapetoff, 344 
Kavenner, 191 
Kavenaugh, 192, 196 
Keach, 87, vi 
Kean, iii 
Kecoughtan, 244 
Kedge, 36 
Kerse, 62 
Keidel, 109 
Keim, vi 

Keith, 111, iii, viii 

Kelly, 327, 328, 422, 423 

Kemp, 42, 183, 243, 315, 394, 413; 

Landing, 412 
Kemper, vii 
Kendall, 157, 231 
Kendrick, vii 

Kenner, 320, 383, 384; Henry, will, 
(1639), 384; Richard, will, (1627), 
with note, 383 

Kennon, 292 

Kent, 27, 33, 38, 81, 108, 201, 266, 
268, 270, 271, 316, 394, xvi, xix, 
xxxii; Charles William, In 
Memoriam, xlvi et seq; Coimty, 

Kenton, 215, 216, 323, 324 

Kentucky, 70, 92, 205, 310, 312, 
320, 333, 334, 335, 409, 430, xii, 
XXV ; Pioneer, History of, re- 
view, 333 

Keowee, 312 

Kerby, 154 

Kercheval, 84 

Kerfoot, 344 

Kern, 344 

Kersey, 297 

Kesler, 343 

Ketch, 254, 256 

Ketchmore, 278 

Keynsham, 385 



Keyser, 342 

Kickotan, 14, 15, 118, 119, 351 
Kill, County Cavan, 384 
Kiley, 428 
Kilpeck, 271, 272 
Kingingham, 268 

King, 33, 111, 154, 187, 195, 198, 
320, 344; Creek, 178, 284; Mill, 
121; George Co., 84, 334, 417, 
419; and Queen Co., 22, 54, 103, 
178, 205, 335; William Co., 105, 
227, 232, 311, xxvi, xxvii; Moun- 
tain, 365, 368, 375 

Kinkead, 296 

Kinner, 185 

Kinsale, 113, 115, 229 

Kinsey (Kensey), 220 

Kinsolving, iii 

Kinton, 170 

Kiquotan, 18, 54, 390 

Kirby, 154, 186 

Kirk, 290, 401, vii 

Kirle, 32 

Kirtley, 192 

Kirton, 169 

Kiskiak, 202 

Kiskiack, 350 

Klemm, 90, vii 

Knight, 299, 300 

Knox, 306, 344, 408, 411 

Knowles, 131 

Knowlton, 231 

Koustovich, 231 

Kruger, 344 

Kunkel, 340 

Kyle, 410 

Kymbell, 277 

Kyoto, 406 

Lafayett, 306, 307 
Labadists, 41 
Lam; 344 

Lamb, 197, 231, 300,, 402, vii 
Lambert, 322, vii 
Lambeth, xi 

Lamnan, 269 

Lancaster, 192, 195, 198, 216, 301, 
309, 403, i, vii, x, li; County, 
207, 208, 209, 211, 212, 333, 384 
385, 410 

Lancashire, 319 

Land,>71, 195 

Land grants, 263 

Landrum, 5, 297, 298, 403 

Landing, 25 

Lane, 17, 18, 23, 25, 29-31, 131, 
131, 132, 248, 249 , 252 , 254, 255, 
257 , 331, 389 

Langford, 53, 319 

Langley, 384 

Lanning, 111 

Lantor, 200, 299 

Laredo, 311 

Lassiter, 410 

Lath, 384 

Latham, 231 

Latrobe, x 

Lattimer, 154 

Laughton, 65 

Lauzun, 307 

Lavely, 425 

Lawe, 282 

Lawnes Creek, 2 

Lawson, 24, 384, 403, 413 , 416; 

Epaphroditus, will, with note, 

Lawton, vii 
Lay ton, 98 
Lea, 193 
Lead Mines, 371 
Leake, 197, vii 
Lear, 254 
Learmont, 415 
Leather er, 193 
Leathers, 199, 301, 402 
Leaveston, 270 
Leavet, 270, 402 
Lebanon, 341 
Ledbetter, vii 


Ledbury, 385 

Lee, 17, 161, 195, 198, 203, 251, 
354, 267, 297, 299, 301-308, 394, 
397, 406, 409, 420, 437, iii, vii, 
viii, xi, xxiv, xxxvii; Francis, 
note on, 17 

Leeds, 112; Town, 419, 420 

Leicester, 35, 268; Shire, 202 

Leigh, 85, 307, vii 

Leipsic, xlvii 

Leitch, 291 

Lemo, 343 

Lenine, 335 

L»nox, 65, 69, 188, 296 

Leresera, 32 

Letcher, 335 

Lett, 344 

Level, 217 

Leveller Movement, The, 407 
Levy, vii 

Lewis, 150, 158, 193, 204, 223, 231, 
294, 308, 317 , 318, 336 , 344, 365- 
367, 403, 417, vii, li; Charles, 
note on, 366 

Lewsham, 268 

Lexington, 311, 344, li 

Lichfield, 150 

Licking Co., Ohio, 432 

Lightfoot, 117, 220, 254, xi 

321 et seq 

Lillian, 346 

Lillington, 125, 126 

Lilly, 58, 344 

Limestone, xii, xxiv 

Lincohi, 279 

Lindsay, 87, 198, 224, 297, 321, 

360, 402 
Linney, 190, 195 
Linton, 323, 324 
Lintor, 197 

Lippincott, 106, 108, 438 
Lipscomb, 85, 293 
Lisbome, 314 
Lister, 165 

Littepage, 146, 184, 178, 179, 186; 

Littlepages, 286 
Littleton, 204, 258, 259, 312 
Liveries, 148 
Llsoignton, 386 
Lloyd, 403 
Lockby, 188 
Locke, vii 
Lockie, 82 
Lodge, 99, vii 
Lodi, 346 
Logan, 334, xxiv 
Lomax, 178, 419 
Lombard, 82 

London, 17, 23, 24, 32, 35, 37-39, 
43, 53, 82, 108, 128, 130-133. 
145, 147, 149, 163, 164, 166, 167, 
171, 177, 178, 203, 205-207, 224, 
235, 249, 251, 258, 267, 269, 271, 
273, 275-278, 288, 306, 315, 321, 
322, 324, 341, 350, 352, 356, 388, 
xv-xvii, xxvi-xxviii 

Lone Creek, 345 

Lone Foimtain, 340 

Lone Moiintain, 341 

Long, 182, 190, 192, 196, 198, 202, 
246, 298, vii 

Longacre, 111 

Looe, 356 

Lord, 359 

Lorton, vii 

Lottpeare, 270 

Loudoun Co., 12, 203, 204, 341, 406, 

Loughton, 65 

Louisa Co., 103-105, 207, 316, 317, 

334, 335, 338, xlvi 
Louisiana, 421 

Louisville, Ky., 70, 310, 418; 

Ohio, 368 
Lovelace, 89, 93-95, 207, 208, 211, 

216, 325, 421, xxix; Addition, 

326, 327, 435 
Lovell, 113, 114 
Lovimg, 183 



Lovingston, 347 
Lowe, 116, xxxiii 
Lower, 401; Barrens, 407 
Lowins, 196 
Lowmarsh, 169 
Lowmoor, 339 
Lowry, 85, 154 
Loyall, vii 
Loyal York, ship, 53 
Loyd, 195, 402 

Lucas, 191, 193, 297, 298, 316, 402, 

403, 404, xlviii 
Ludwell, 41, 42, 128, 130, 134, 252, 

255, 256, 257, 305, 390, 391, 394, 

Luell, 282 

Luke, 157, 280-282; Nicholas, will, 

(1614), with note, 280 
Lukeman, vii 
Liimley, 7 
Lund, 419 
Lunenburg, 378 
Lunn, 71, 73 

Lunsford, Robert, will, 1612, with 

note, 386 
Lupo family, note on, 119 
Luray, 347, 348 
"Lusitania," xvii 
Lutherville, 426 
Lux, 60 

Liixs Advaenture, 435 
Lyle, 291 

Lynch, 41, 316, 317, 344, 372, 425; 

burg, 338, 339, 343, 344, 347, 349, 

408, 410, 411 
Lynde, 146 
Lyne, 60-62, 68 
Lynes, 63, 292 

Lynhaven, 342, 413; River, 412, 

414; Parish, 415 
Lynn, 184 
Lyon, 410 
Lytham, 319 

McAllister, 110, vii, viii 
McBryde, vii 

McCabe, ,i, iii, iv, vi, vii, viii, li 

McChamrock, 404 

McClanahan, 65, 69 

McClellan, 345, 407 

M:Clung, 155, 426, 430, vii, xlii 

McClurg, 155 

McConnell, vi 

McCorkle, viii 

McCormick, iv, vii, xxxii 

McCoy, 231, 297 

McCreife, 416 

McCracken, 231 

McCroskey, 156 

McDaniel, 207, 301, 402 

McDonald, 41, 135, 260, 393, xiv 

Mc Donnel, vii 

McDowell, 376, xxxvii 

McFadden, vii 

McGaheysville, 344 

McGavock, 371; James, note on, 

McGee, 340 

McGill, 320 

McGraw, 294, vii 

McGroarty, 345 

McGuire, 59, i, vii, li 

Mcllwaine, 310, vii, xxii 

Mclntire, 429 

Mcintosh, vii 

McKenney, 300, 348, vii 

McKim 437, vii 

McKitrick, 111 

McLauchline, 345 

McMaster, 438 

McMillan, 438 

McMullan, 301 

McNeal, 190, 191,298,404 

McNeil, vii 

Mc Quarry, 345 

McQuiddy, 199 

Macall, 92 

Macklenahan, 126 

Macklin, 400 



Macks^ell, 372 
Macon, 299 
Madeira, 53 
McDowell, 365 

Madison, 63, 196, 299, 306, 307, 

335, 365; Heights, 338 
Madoc, 208 
Madrid, 314 
"Magazine, The", 235 
Maggard, 300 
Maggie, 341 
Mahoney, 403 
Mahood, viii 
Maud en, 344 

Maidens Choice, 218, 219, 221, 

325, 326 
Maitland, 82 
Majors, 344 

Mallory, 154, 194, 196, 298, 300, 

319, vii 
Manchester, 322 
Manifree, 296 
Manning, 197, 344, xi 
Manor, 306; Street, 167 
Mankspoil, 299 
Manshile, 190 
Manspoile, 198 

Manuscripts in the Library of 
Congress, Handbook of, Re- 
view, 335 

Maphis, 344 

Mapp, 157 
Marble, 344 

March, 201, 410, 411 

Marckle, 385, 386 

Marengo, 346 

Margaret parish, 36 

Margaret, ship, 53 

Margaret & John, ship, 237 

Marin. 409 

Markham, 59, 67, 184, 269, 231, vii 
Markliann, 290 
Marks, 183 

Marmaduke (ship), 13 

Marriages in Orange County, 
A List, 190 et seq, 297 et seq, 
401 et seq 

Marshe, 158 

Marshall, 5, 6 , 94, 184, 193 , 200, 

306, 307, 334, 403, 410 
Marshott, Michael, note on, 352, 


Martin, Martian, 39, 91, 149, 150, 
178, 179, 181, 193, 197, 198, 202 
203, 286, 293, 302, 323, 354, 355, 
373, 402; Hundred, 115 , 245; 
Ville, 345, 346, 408; Rest, 91 

Mary (ship), 53, 54 

Marybone or St. Mary Bow, 93, 

Marygold (ship), 8 

Maryland, 41, 43, 53, 89, 90, 92. 
93, 95, 103, 108, 111, 201, 203, 207, 
214, 217 , 218 , 224, 230, 325, 333, 
325, 333, 383, 418, xxix; Historical 
Society, 211, 222, 427; Magazine, 

Maryling, 219 
Marysville, 312 
Marye, 89 
Mascall, 385 

Mason, 72, 188, 241, 297, 299, 308, 
344, 381, 397, 404, 406, iii 
* Massachusetts, 411, xi 

Massie, Massey, 344, 345, 406, 418, 
420, vii 

Mastin, vii 

Mattapony, 179 

Matthews, Mathews, 61, 66, 85, 
92, 118, 122, 187 , 236, 239, 246, 
291, 294, 295, 317, 352, 359, 361, 
368, 426, vii; Farm, 425; Meadow, 
427; Manor, 352; County. 230 

Mattox Creek, 418 

Maupin, 292, 293 

Maury, 318, Hi 

Maxwell, 301, 306 

May berry, 344 

May den, 32 


Mayhew, 279 
Maynard, 214 
Mayne, 166 

Mayo, 290, 308, 317, vii 
Mays, 299 
Mays, 365 
Maze, 300 

Meade, 67, 69, 231, 293, 307, 345, 

xii, xiii 
Meadville, 343 
Meadow Valley, 340 
Mecklenburg, 62, 187 
Meddus, 270 
Medley, 192 
Meese, 43 
Melton, 345 

Menefee, 2, 3, 8, 123, 206, 242, 235, 

237 , 361 
Mercer, 62, vii 
Meredith, i, vii, li 
Meriwether, 59, 104, 105, 318,^334, 

336, vii 
Meriet, 201 
Meriott, 86 
Mermaid, ship, 53 
Merrick, 202, 270, 271 
Merrill, vii 
Merry, 298 

Merryman, 328, 424, 425 
Metcalfe, 334, 335 
Methwold, 17, 18, 251 
Mexico, X, xxxiv 
Meyer, vii 
Miami, 233 

Mic^ah & Philip, ship, 172 
Michael, 82, 83, 157 
Michie, 103, 200, 206, 231, vii 
Michigan Historical Commission, 

Mickley, vii 
Middlebrook, 194, 340 
Middlemore, 90, 91, 92 
Middlesex Co., 254, 278, 317, 323 
Middleton, 98, 166 
Middletown, 343 

Milden, Bedfordshire, 382 
Mile End Green, 136 
Miles, 191 
Militia, 261 et seq 
Mill Haven, 217 
Millen, xii, xxxii 

Miller, 194, 198, 300, 301, 340, 366, 

403, 428, iii, vii 
Millerd, 383 
Millford, 150 
Mills, 299, X, xi 
Milnehouse, 356 
Milton, xii 

Mine Run Hundred, 429 
Minefee, 199 
Mingoe, 179 
Minnes, 296 
Minnesota, 231, 320 
Minnick, 345 
Minnigerode, vii 
Minor, 196, vii 
Minson, 154 
Mississippi, 314 
Missouri, 335, 336 
Mitchell, 62, 154, 185, 186, 225, 
299, 403, 418, iii, vii, xxviii 
Mobile, Bay, 229 
Modiset, 198 
Moffett, vii, Iii 
Molly, 391 
Moncure, vi 
Moneyhon, 345 
Monforte, 146 
Monks Corners, 376 
Monongahela, 334 
Monmouth, 273, 420; County, 212 
Mome, Bedfordshire, 382 
Monroe, 306, 405; Ville, 341 
Montague, 308, 402, vii, viii 
Monteny Run, 328 
Montgomery, 365, 368, 371, 372 
Montgomery County, 364 
"Monticello," xi 
Mooney, 193 


Moore, 15, 54, 56, 84, 85, 111, 154, 
196-198, 291, 294, 295, 307, 402, 
404, 415, 420, vii, xxii, xxvii 

Mooten, 400 

Mordaunt, 316 

Morecock, 5 

Morehead, 334, 335 

Moravian, 378 

Morgan, 17, 18, 22, 197, 249, 250, 
253 , 255-257 , 281, 391; Tents, 
421, 433 

Moriarty, iii 

]v!orris, 192, 194, 299, 307, 345, 
402, 404 

Morrison, Moryson, 110, 136, 191, 
192, 294, 300, 312, 404, 438, viii 

Morse, iii ■ 

Mortimer, 62, 201 

Morton, 150, 191, 198, 277, 297, 
402, vii 

Moseley, 318, 398,. 415, 416; Junc- 
tion, 344 
Moss, 290 
Mossell, 192 
Mossom, 84, 154 
Motherhead, 196, 298 
Mottrom, 87, 88 
Mouiton, 237, 238 
Mounts, 220 
"Mt. Airy," 71 

Mount Pleasant Cemetery, 434 

Mount Vernon, 311, 419 

Mt. Williams, 341 

Mountney, 269 

Mulberry Island, 358 

Mulloy, 85 

Mundye, 383 

Munford, 218, 421, vii 

Munthrope, 279 

Murdaugh, 61 

Murray, 366 

Muscovy, 46, 47, 270 

Musick, 193 

Muskingum Co., 332, 431, 432 

Muter, 63 
Myers, vii 
Mynde, 146 
Myrick, 345 
Mytton, 149 

Nailley, 162 
Nalle, 406 

Nansemond Co., 254, xii 
Nanson, 278 
Napier, 318 
Nathalie, 339 
Naylors, 154 

Neale, 158, 197, 200, 335, 345, 402 
Nebraska, viii 
Negroes, 105, 285, 319 
Neilson, vii 
Nelms, 158 

Nelson, 58, 308, 406, 411, viii; 

County, 232, 344, 345, 40i 
Neville, 59, 68, 202, 269, 317, m 
Newbill, 411 

New Castle, 90, 323; Upon Tyne, 

New College, 277 

Newdigate, 150 

New England, 23, 42 

Newfoundland, 53, 235 

Newhouse, 271, 272 

Newill, 296 

Newington, 37 

New Jersey, 111, viii, xxvi 

New Kent Co., 20, 22, 146, 178, 

254, 256, 317 
Newley, 418 

Newman, 87, 88, 195, 198, 301, 345; 
Neck, 88 

Newport, 275, 276, 313, 315, 338 
xix, xxxiv; "Newport," 33; News, 
226, 230, 233, 344; Paganel, 33 

New River, 264, 372, 376, 377 

New Town, 412 

Newton, 39, 312, 413 



New York, 28, 53, 106, 109, 110, 
111, 227 , 230, 223 , 224, 321, 335, 
336, 338, 342, 347, viii, x, xiii, 
xxvi, xxxiii, xxxiv; Times, 226, 
229, 231, 232 

Newry, Ireland, 364 

Newthal, 53 

Niagara, 308 

Nibley, 202 

Nicholas, 62, 68, 186, 317, 345 
Nicholls, Nichols, 87, vii 
Nicholson, 99, 160, 206, 323, iii 
Nickings, 297 
Nixon, 193, vii 
Nookes Court, 271 
Nolting, iv 
Noone, 35 
Norman, 300 

Norfolk, 38, 228, 231, 234, 254, 256, 
276, 338, 342, 345-348, 365, 409, 
xxxii, 1, li; County, 24, 39, 40, 
280, 343, 413 

Norfolk, 230, 412 

Northumberland Co., Va., 383 
Norsworthy, 54 

North, 20, 22, 23, 124, 125, 132, 

247, 249, 389 
Northampton, 253, 254, 256, 430; 

County, 156, 385; Riding Chairs 

IN 1776, 156 
North Carolina, 37, 53, 174, 176, 

177, 204, 312, 334, 410, xii, xxxix, 

and Virginia, 289 
xM or them Neck, 71 
Northill, 280 
North Point, 210 

Northumberland Co., 17, 87, 88, 
152, 158, 168, 321, 324, 346, 382, 
386; Notes from Records of, 
87, 88; Tax on Vehicles, 1773, 
152; Marriage Licenses, 1774- 
75, 158 

Norton, 192, 348 

Norwell, 193, vii 

Norwood, 315, 345 
Nottingham, 157 
Nulty, 130 
Nutty, 299 

Oakdale, 343 

Oaks, 404 

Oberholzer, 109 

Ockingham, Co. Berks, 384 

O' Council , vii 

Offley, 411 

Ogbome, 86 

Ogg, 301, 402, 421 

Oglesby, 93 

OguUian, 371 

Ohio, 332, 334, 343, 366, xxiv, xxxii; 

River, 308 
Old Road Bay, 209; Creek, 217 
dinger, 345 
Olive, 196 

Oliver, 196, 197, 199, 301, 312, 378 
Ommirandy. By A. C. Gordon. 

Review, 224 
Ontario, 307 

Orange Co., 190, 297, 334, 339, 378, 
401, 405; Free School in, 305; 
Marriages in, 190 et seq, 297 er 
seq, 401 et seq 

Orant, 197 

Oregon, University, 223 
Orleans, Duke of, 33 
Orme, 35 
Orr, 333 
Orston, 236 
Osako, 345 

Osborne', 5. 270, 312, 316, 377, 385, 

Ostham, 38 
Ostenhanger, 268, 270 
Oswego, 338 
Otford, 268 
Otwell, 383 
Outerbridge, vii 



Overton, 104, 105, 297, 298, 408, 

Ovid, 175 

Owen, 231, 232, 377, vii, xii 
Owens, 299, 345, 435 
Owsley, 335 

Oxford, 277, 383, 384, 437; County, 
148; frigate, 42; Shire, 148 

Paca, 92, 94 
Pace, 13 

Pacific Northwest, History of 
THE. By Joseph Schafer. Review, 

Pacific Ocean in History, The, 

Book notice, 407 
Page, 42, 63, 186, 188, 194, 196, 

197, 293 , 294, 295, 298 , 390, 395, 

402, vii 
Pagetts, 36 
Paggens, 27 
Pagnell, 33 
Painter, 383 
Palatinate, 203 
Palmer, 149, i, vii, li 
Palo Alto, 437 
Palls, 227, 311 
Pamunkey River, 350, 360 
Pannill, 298, 345, 346, 408 
Pantheon, 175 " 
Panthur, 270 
"Papists" in Va, 1681, 41 
Pardee, 343 
Parendon, 36 
Paris, 109, viii 
Parish, Parrish, 154, 155, 200 
Parke, 39, 252, 253, 307, 390 
Parker, 61, 63, 64, 150, 164, 167, 

174, 186, 191, 196, 278, 346, 397, 

418, vii viii, xxii 
Parkersburg, 311 
Parkhurst, 346 
Parkins, 185 
Parks, 426 
Parlett, 329, 330 

Parmoder, 40 
Parrot, 215 
Parry, 84, 310 
Parsons, 157, 232, 246 
Pashbehay, 374, 235, 356 
Pasley, 232 
Passmoure, 10 
Pasture, 398, 400 

Patapsco, 208, 209, 210, 212, 217, 
423; Hundred, 220, 325, 328; 
Falls, 95; Neck, 90; River, 21« 

Pate, 292 
Paterson, 194 
Patteson, i, vii, li 
Patton, 363, 365 
Patulio, 409 
Patty, 34 

Patuxent River, 418 
Paul, 299, 402 
Paulet, 202 
Paxton, 281, vii 
Paxworth, 281 

Payne, 66, 198, 232, 346, 402, 404, 

405, 411, vii 
Payner, 346 
Peacher, 300 
Peaco, 346 
Pead, 53 

Pearce, 112, 421, 430 
Pearle, 239, 240, 350, 351 
Pease, 407 

Pearson, 196, 198, 298, 402 
Peck, 194 
Peerce, 16, 117 
Peersones, 5 
Peet, xii, xiii 
Pegram, vii 
Pell, 323 
Pelham, 312 
Pelots, 112 
Peltere, 7, 8 
Pembrooke, 414, 416 
Pence, 404 

Pendleton, 60, 132, 185, 186, 190, 
207, 292, 294, 297, 306, 399 



Penn, 90, 108, 346, vii 
Penniman, 436 
Pennington, 430 
Pensacola, 233, 349 
Penshurst, 108 

Pennsylvania, 90, 110, 111, 151, 
333, 334, 336, 409; Chronicles 
OF, 1688-1748. By C. B. Keith. 
Review, 111; University, 438 

Pentherst, 268 

Pentvoyer, 273 

Pera, 227 

Percivall, 282 

Percy, 306 

Perdie, 61 

Peregoy, 428, 429 

Perkins, 207, 294 

Perry, 13-15, 17, 18, 23-25, 29, 31, 
m, 128-134, 190, 194, 199, 200, 
248, 249, 252, 254, 255, 257, 299, 
300, 389, 390 

Perry and Lane, 390, 391 

Perrott, 276 

Persey, 122, 235, 239, 240, 358, 360, 

361; Hundred, 240 
Pershing, 406, 409, 410 
Persimmon, Point, 93 
Pescud, vii 
Peterkin, vii 
Peters, 36 

Petersburg, 230, 307, 308, 338, 339, 

348, 407, 408, 410 
Peter's Discovery, 423, 435 
Peterson, 193 
Pettigrew, vii 
Pettit, 157 
Petitcione, 7 
Petros, 197 
Pettus, 358, viii 
Petty, 32, 190, 195, 401 
Pevockman, 300 
Peyton, 378 
Phaedrus, 175 
Phaxter, 23 

Phelps, 316; Stokes, 458 

Philadelphia, 53, 61, 106, IW, 

Phidell, 332 

Phillips, 56, 8, 115, 194 , 296 , 3W, 

343, 359, 384 
Phillipines, 228, 407 
Philpot Point, 427 
Phipp, 61, 398 
Phripp, 413 

Physician's Bill, 1747, 75, 7$ 
Phyl, 53 
Phoebus, 233 
Phoenix, 342 
Piccadilly, 145 

Pickens, Andrew, letter, 1781, 378; 

family, note on, 378 
Pickering, 97 

Pickett, 66, 183, 184, 302, 329, 330 
Pierce, 117, 346, 381, 382 
Pierson, 404 
Pigben, 194 
Pigg, 193 
Pile, 38 

Pilgrims Progress, reference to, 

1726, 74 
Pilkinton, 246 
Pillsbury, iv. 
Pinckard, 385, viii 
Pinckney, viii 
Pindell, 331, 332 
Pinkard, John, will, 1653, 385 
Pinkerd, William, will, 1653, witk 

note, 385 
Pinners Point, 339 
Pirkey, 345 
Pitcher, 297 
Pitt, 213, 214 
Pittsburg, 290 

Pittsylvania Co., 198, 367, xxix 

Place, 43 

Plaiter, 32 

Pleasants, viii, xxix 

Plogger, 232 

Plummer, 291 



Plumtree, xxviii; Bottom, 433; 

Run, 94 
Plunkett, 401, 403 
Plymouth, 108, 282 
Pocahontas, 306, 405 
Poe, 106, 301, xlviii 
Poindexter, 104, 105, 205, viii 
Point Pleasant, 366, 368 
Point Comfort, the Battery at, 

1711, 56 

Pollard, 69, 182, 232, 399, 402, 

403, 404, viii 
Poll tax, 42 
Pomeroy, 229, 277 
Poole, -288 

Pope, 35, 59, 293, 334 
Popely, 359 
Poplar, Neck, 94 

Porter, 196, 200, 232, 302, 402 

Portland, 313, 315 

Port Norfolk, 338 

"Porto Bago," 178 

Portraits, 129, 289 

Port Royal, 93 

Portsmouth, 226, 230, 231, 233, 

234, 343, 345, 346, 410 
Portugall, 314 
Postillion, ship, 53 
Poteet, 435 
Potomack, 73, 308 
Pott, 2-6, 11, 12, 113, 114-122, 

236, 239, 245, 246, 354, 360 
Poulter, 199 
Pounding, Mill, 343 
Povey, 26, 30, 134, 252, 253, 255, 


Powell, 150, 185, 197, 200, 207-216, 
274, 300, 302, 334, 335, 398, 402, 
404; Family (Md.), 208 et seq; 
Hole, 8; Island, 210; Point, 210 

Powers, 84, 346 

Powhatan, 282, xii; Co., 335 

Poyntz, 202 

Poythress, 385, 386 

Poythras, Edward, will, 1640, with 

note, 385 
Proper, 61 

Pratt, 70, 71, 74, 76-79, 162-172, 

180, 181, 278, 285, 288 
Prentice, 188 
Presly, 87, 88 
Prentiss, viii 

Preston, 211, 277, 363, 364,|365, 
367, 368, 370-372, 374, 375," 378, 
xxxvii; Papers, 363 et seq; 
Family, 363 et seq; William, 
363 et seq; and Va Papers, 363, 

Pr est would, 35 

Price, 193, 291, 207, 330, 425 
Prichard, 39 
Priddlhurst, 155 
Pride, 346 
Prime, 276 

Princess Anne Co., Records, 

412 et seq 
Prince Edward Co., xii, xxxvii 
Prince George Co., 240, 356, 386, 


Prince William Co., 312, 319, 334, 

418; Battalion, 377, 378 
Princeton, 407 
Proctor, 120, 193, 196, 197 
Prynne, 36, 37 
Pryor, 58, 215, 366 
Puggetts Neck, 414 
Pulaski Co., 347 
Pulliam, 346 
Pumphrey, 421 
Punchardon, 321 
Purcellville, 232 

Purefoy, Perfrey, 354,p81; Wil- 
liam, will (1634), with note, 380 
Purleigh, 128 
Putnams, 224: 
Plymouth, 351 

Pye, Edward, will (1693), with 
note, 272; epitaph (1692), 147; 
Arms, 148; Ship, 146 



Quarles, 105, 195, 205, 293 
Quedley, 387 

Queen Anne's Co., 95, 100, 214, 216 
Quiney, 322, 323 
Quinn, 197 

Quisenberry, 197, 200, 297, 401 
Quit Rents, 43, 254 

Rabineau, 346 
Raborg, iv 
Radford, 365 
Ragsdale, 65, 232, 293 
Raines, viii 
Raisin, 215 
Rainey, 346 
Raleigh, 271 
Ramey, viii 
Ramshaw, 352 
Rand, 130 
Randall, 34, 38 

Randle, Randol, [Randolph], 95, 
163, 164, 165, 166, 192, 199, 298 
Ransdell, 301 

Randolph, 20-22, 67, 163, 166, 167, 
172, 182, 204, 293, 305-307, 312, 
313, 321, 324, 336, 365, 406, 411, 
i, viii, xl, li. Family Bible Re- 
cord, 312 

Ranes, 298 

Rapidan, 229 

Rappahannock, River ,21, 53, 160, 

208, 216, 254, 388, 408 
Raphine, 340 
Ratcliffe, 232, 282 
Rastell, 7, 8, 244 
Raven, 340 
Ravensdon, 281 
Ravens worth, 419 
Rawson, 199 
Raynolds, 278 

Reade, Read, 68, 85, 156, 187, 203, 

274, 318, 340, 429 
Reculver, 81, xix 
Redman, viii 
Reed, viii 

Reeve, 279 
Reeves, 312 
Reid, 153 

Reisters Town, 426, 430 
Religion, 4, 5 
Rennolds, 190-194 
Repos, 315 
Reppeto, 401 

Revenues for York River Dis- 
trict, 1704-5, 53 

Revolution, Virginia State 
Troops in, 58 et seq, 182 etseq, 
290 et seq, 377 et seq 

Reynolds, 191, 194, 196, 198, 270, 

Rhode Island, 151, 152, 338 
Rhodes, 109, 196 , 297 , 300, 402, 

404; ville, 339 
Rice, 192 

Rich, 270, 271, 346; Street, 83 
Richards, 193, 194, 232, 297 , 298, 

Richardson, 90, 106, 210, 219, 268, 
291, 322, 346, 383, 388, 433, i, iv, 
viii, X, li 

Richmond, 109 , 206 , 225 , 227-231, 
233, 303, 308, 309, 335, 338, 340- 
346, 348, 406, 408, i, iii, viii, x, xi, 
xii, XXV, xxxii, xxxv, xlii, li; 
County, 311; News-Leader, 230; 
Standard, 24; Times-Dispatch, 
226, 234; Street, 111 

Richmond, 228, 229 

Rich Mountain, 311 

Richpath, 347 

Riddle, Riddell, 197 , 297 , 359, 404 

Rider, 25,30,436 

Ridgeley, viii 

Ridley Park, 230 

Rigby, 209 

Right, 199, 200 

Rindor, 375 

Ritchie, 308 

Rish, 157 

Risley, viii 



Rispass, 157 
Riton, 145 
Riverton, 348 
Rives, 307, viii 

Rives, George Lockhart, In Mem- 
riam. President's address. April 
Magazine, xxxiii et seq 

Rivers, 37, 409 

Rixey, 302 

Roach, 194, 297 

Roade River, 209, 210, 216 

Roan, 59 

Roanoke, 227, 229, 231, 233, 307, 

341, 343, 347, 348, 349, xl 
Ro Bard$, viii 

Roberts, -60, 301, 302, 403, 418, viii 
Robertson, 72, 160, 200, 307, 316, 

341, 405, viii 
Robey, 346 

Robins, 157, 192, 298, viii 

Robinson, 127, 184, 193, 198, 269, 
297, 299, 307, 310, 346, 376, 403, 
404, 438, i, iv, viii, xxii, li 

Rockingham Co., 339 

Rochester, 38, 423, 436 

Rockbridge County, 368, 375 

Rockbridge County, 365 

Rochdale, Hundred, 361 

Rocky Gap, 343 

Rock Castle, xliii 

Rockwell, viii 

Rodham, 383 

Rodes, 316, 319 

Roe, 269, 271 

Rogers, 40, 172, 191, 221, 295, 298, 
321, 323 , 324, 326, 329, 404, 424, 

Rolfe, 178 

Roller, viii 

Roll of Honor. Virginians Who 
have died in the war for 
Freedom, 225 et seq, 337 et seq 

Romney Creek, 93 

Romanoffs, 335 

Ronald, 157 

Rootes, 399 
Rookes, 36 
Rookins, 246 
Roper, 382 

Roper, Thomas, will, 1627, with 

note, 381 
Roszel, 402 

Rose, 287, 316, 317, 320, 347, viii 

Roswell ,200 

Ross, 155, 272, iii 

Rosser, iv 

Rothrock, 402 

Rotterdam, 390 

Roimd About, 425 

Round Botton, 346 

Round, viii 

Rouen, 231 

Royal, ship, 53 

Roy, 295 

Rowland, viii 

Rowzee, 35, 191 

Rowan, 334 

Rowe, 104, 276, 297, 403 

Rucker, 190, 192, 195, 198-200, 

298, 347, 403, iv 
Ruddes, 18-23, 127, 132, 134, 247, 

249-251, 388 
Ruffin, 232, 292 
Rugby, 342 

Rumley, [Romney], Creek, 93 
Rumsey, 193, 194, 197, 299 
Runthwait, 97, 99, 100 
Rush, 307 
Rushville, 227 

Russell, 36, 38, 62, 270, 271, 297. 


Russia, 46, 47, 271 
Rustburg, 229 
Rutgers, 39 
Ruther Glen, 338 
Rutherford, 169 
Rutherfoord, xliii 
Ruvigny, xii 
Ryan, viii 
Rynalds, 53 



Sag well, 34 

Sainsbury, 41, 135, 160, 393, xiii, 

St. Augustine, 204; Bartholmew's 
Hospital, 269; Buttolph Bill- 
ingsgate, 278; Clair; 347; Clem- 
ents, Hastings, 387; Deverux, 
Eng., 272; Dionis, Backchurch, 
London, 17; Georges, Md., 90, 
94; Giles, Crpplegate, 275; Giles, 
in-the-Fields, 323; Ives, Eng- 
land, 281; James, Md., 426, 432, 
435; John's College, 33, 275, 276; 
Johns Church, Richmond, Va., 
308; Johns, Md., 91, 332, 429; 
Leger, 269, 271; Louis, 417; 
Martins, Leicester, 35; Martins, 
Va., 316; Mary, Newington, 37; 
Michaels, Comhill, 82; Island, 
322; Mihiel, France, 387; Nich- 
olas, Newcastle, 323; Pauls, Md., 
328-330 , 332, 427-431, 484; 
Paills, Shadwell, 324, Paul, Va., 
345; Pauls, Stafford, Va., 320, 
334; Peters, New Kent, 20, 146; 
Peters, Baylie, 384; Stephens, 
Va., 152; Thomas' Hospital, 
269; Thomas, Md., 331, 432; 
Weonards, Eng., 272 
Salby, 156 
Salem, 233, 314 
Salmon, xv 
Salop, 149 
Saltangh, 268 
Saltash, 277 
Salter, 126 
Saltville, 339 
Sampson, 300 
Sams, 199 

Samuel, 301, 347; ship, 53 
Sand, 194 

Sanders, 197 , 298, 301, 318, 347, 

Sandford, 24 
San Diego, 230 

Sands, 408, viii 
Sandy, 2 

"Sandy Creek Expedition, 364 
Sandys, 223, 236 

Sanford, 200, 298, 302, 403, 419 
San Francisco, 437 
Sanserf, 390 
Sanville, 347 
Sather, 437 

Saunders, 33, 192, 317, 399, 383, 

Savage, 157, 188, 341, viii 
Sawyer, 191, 192, 194 
Sayer, 413, 414 
Bayers, 64, 347, 372 
Scasbroke, 302 
Schafer, 223 
Schearer, viii 
Scherr, viii 
Scheverell, 115 

School, Free, in Orange County, 

Schoolfield, 347 
Schouler, viii 
Schwartz, viii 
Sclater, 296 
Scotchmore, 245 
Scotland, 110 

Scott, 60, 61, 63, 69, 107, 157, 183, 
188, 190, 196 , 200 , 269 , 270, 296, 
297, 300, 317, 319, 335, 347, 378, 
401, iv, viii, X, xxvi 

Scribner, 224 

Scroobey, 108 

Scroope, 32, 146 

Scrugges, 112 

Scudamore, 89 

Seargeant, 207 

Seaflower, ship, 8, 202, 359 

Sea Horse, ship, 53 

Seal of Va., 144 

Scale, 268 

Searle, 280 

Seaton, 320 

Seayre, 61 


bebree, lyi, ly^, oUU 

onipiey, ^tzu, 

beckiora^ o47 

Ships : 

Secretary, 72 

ADigaii, O, 4 

Selden, 154, 155 

Amy, 6o\) 

Self, 200 

Ann Lraiiey, oo 

Sellars, 232, 233 

Ann oc ii/iizaDexn, oo 

Sentell, 347 

Bona Nova, 7 

Sepult, 97 

Charles, 16 

Sergeant, 207 

Ijeitiora, l^t 

Serrington, 278 

Diana, 8 

Servants, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 10, 113, 

Director, 53 

118, 120, 122, 239, 249, 350, 353, 

JJuty, izz 

353, 359 

xi/agie ijraiiey, oo 

Seton, 85 

Jixpeaition, oo 

Seven Mile Ford, 342 

rortune, oo 

Sevenoke, 268 

Francis Bonaventure, 2 

Severn River, 98, 219 

^^^^^ O 0>1 K 

Lreorge, Z, £Ao 

Seville, 314 

Industry, 53 

Sewanee, 407 

James, 53 

Seyliard, 38 

jane oc iseity, oo 

Seymour, 155 

LK)yal YorK, oo 

Seys, 147 

Margaret, oo 

Shackelford, 188, 403 

iviargaret oc jonn, zo/ 

Shadrack, Shadrick, 199, 


Marmaduke, 13 

300, 404 

iviary, oo 

Shadwell, 324 

Marygola, o 

Shakespeare, 323, L 

Mermaid, oo 

Shakespeare and the Founders 

Micajan oc x'niiip, i/^ 

OF Liberty in Aamerica. 


r'ostiilion, oo 

C. M. Gayley. Review,